A kind of waste and old cable plastics retracting device
The utility model is related to a kind of retracting device of material, specifically a kind of waste and old cable plastics retracting device.
It during waste and old cable plastics reclaiming, needs to crush in plastics, then carries out hot melt regeneration again.By
In being generally stained with compared with sundries such as high concentration of sediment, labels, and doped with light plastic on waste and old cable plastics, therefore usually require
It is cleaned and is detached, to improve the quality of regenerated plastics.After the washing, the water content in plastics increases, this is to rear
It is unfavorable that continuous material is broken to be detached etc. with impurity.Moreover, existing broken apart device crushing efficiency is low, separating effect
Difference, time-consuming and laborious, cumbersome, hand labor intensity is big.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is just to provide a kind of waste and old cable plastics retracting device, is moulded with solving existing waste and old cable
The problem of material removal process crushing efficiency is low, inferior separating effect.
What the purpose of this utility model was realized in：A kind of waste and old cable plastics retracting device, including dewaterer and broken
The dewaterer includes cylindrical barrel, is axially arranged on putting forward material spiral, being set in and put forward material spiral in cylinder
Outer columnar filter screen and to drive it is described put forward material spiral carry material motor, formed and catchmented between the strainer and the cylinder
Chamber offers discharge outlet in the side wall bottom end of the cylinder, charge pipe is equipped in the bottom sidewall of the cylinder, in the cylinder
The top sidewall of body is equipped with discharge nozzle, and the discharge nozzle, the charge pipe are communicated with the inner cavity of the strainer, adds described
It is provided with loading hopper at expects pipe, charging spiral, one end and the charging motor of the charging spiral are provided in the loading hopper
It is connected, the other end of the charging spiral stretches into the charge pipe；
The millerator includes engine base and the hammering separating mechanism being arranged on engine base and broken motor；The hammer
It includes hammering separator box, tilting charging guiding mouth at the top of hammering separator box, setting at hammering separator box bottom to hit separating mechanism
The hopper in portion and the charging line being arranged below hopper, the discharge nozzle phase of the charging guiding mouth and the dewaterer
Even, it is respectively equipped with exhaust duct in the both sides of the hammering case, the bottom of the hopper is connected to the charging line, described to send
One end of pipe material is connected with air blower, and the other end of the charging line is connected with material collecting device；The exhaust duct and dedusting
Device is connected.
It is provided with casing drum between charging guiding mouth and the discharge nozzle of the dewaterer, the casing drum includes back taper
Exhaust pipe and feed pipe in case top is arranged in shape shell, and the bottom end of the shell and the top of the charging guiding mouth connect
Logical, the feed pipe is connected to the discharge nozzle.
The inner cavity of the hammering separator box is divided into three parts, is hammering room positioned at middle part, is air compartment positioned at both sides, institute
Air compartment is stated to be connected to the exhaust duct；Transmission main shaft is horizontally set in the hammering separator box, the transmission main shaft is broken with described
Broken motor is connected, and hammering frame is equipped on the transmission main shaft positioned at hammering room, blade is equipped on the transmission main shaft positioned at air compartment.
The hammering frame includes several support plates being mutually parallel being set on transmission main shaft, is connected to adjacent two pieces of branch
Several connecting rods between fagging and several hammering pieces in connecting rod offer respectively at the both ends of the hammering piece
The inserting hole for interting connection with the connecting rod, locating piece is provided between two adjacent hammering pieces, described fixed
Position block is set in the connecting rod.
Feed opening is offered in the bottom of the hammering separator box, sieve, the hopper are sealed in the feed opening
Positioned at the lower section of the sieve.
Undergauge section is equipped on the charging line, the undergauge section is between the air blower and the hopper.
The operation principle of the utility model is：
The broken material of waste and old cable plastics passes through the charging spiral in loading hopper and is sent into dewaterer, and is carried by putting forward material spiral
Rise, moisture of the material in lifting process high speed centrifugal rotation, material under the action of the centrifugal force pass through strainer enter strainer with
In water collection chamber between cylinder, and by being arranged outside discharge outlet, dewatered material is then discharged through the discharge nozzle at the top of cylinder, and passes through
The charging guiding mouth of millerator enters in hammering separator box, after repeatedly hammering, is crashed to pieces into the smaller pellet of size,
Meanwhile being mixed in the light impurities in material（Paper scrap etc.）It is discharged at dust-extraction unit centralized collection through exhaust duct under airflow function
Reason, pellet is then fallen into hopper, and enters charging line from the bottom of hopper, and at the same time, air blower is to charging line
Interior air blast forms feeding air-flow, the material being discharged from hopper is blown afloat, and is blown into material collecting device.
The utility model is simple in sturcture, ingenious in design, is first dehydrated to material and carries out again broken apart, avoided
Cause the impurity such as paper scrap to be adhered to surface of material because of material humidity and lead to impurity low separation efficiency, inferior separating effect is asked
Topic realizes the drying of material, broken and removal of impurities, substantially increases broken apart efficiency, and the CABLE MATERIALS impurity recycled is few,
It is high-quality.The utility model is durable, and stability is good, and service life is long, and of low cost, practical safety, convenient for promoting.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the side view of casing drum and hammering separating mechanism.
Fig. 3 is the internal structure schematic diagram for hammering separator box.
In figure：1, engine base, 2, casing drum, 3, exhaust pipe, 4, feed pipe, 5, hammering separator box, 6, charging guiding mouth, 7, row
Hopper, 8, charging line, 9, shell, 10, transmission main shaft, 11, air compartment, 12, exhaust duct, 13, sieve, 14, support plate, 15, even
Extension bar, 16, hammering piece, 17, inserting hole, 18, air blower, 19, undergauge section, 20, material-gathering device, 21, cylinder, 22, put forward material spiral,
23, strainer, 24, carry material motor, 25, loading hopper, 26, charging spiral, 27, charging motor, 28, charge pipe, 29, discharge nozzle.
Specific implementation mode
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model is mainly made of dewaterer and millerator.
Dewaterer includes cylindrical barrel 21, carries material spiral 22, strainer 23 and carry material motor 24, to be moulded to waste and old cable
Material is dehydrated, in favor of subsequent broken apart.Strainer 23 is cylindric, is threaded through inside cylinder 21, carries in an axial direction
Material spiral 22 be threaded through in the inner cavity of strainer 23, cylinder 21, strainer 23 and carry material 22 three of spiral central axes be total to straight line.Strainer
23 top edge is connected on the top surface of cylinder 21, and bottom forms collection along the bottom surface for being connected to cylinder 21 between strainer 23 and cylinder 21
Water cavity, is equipped with discharge outlet on the bottom end side wall of cylinder 21, and discharge outlet is connected to water collection chamber.It is set in the bottom sidewall of cylinder 21
It is equipped with charge pipe 28, discharge nozzle 29 is equipped in the top sidewall of cylinder 21, charge pipe 28, discharge nozzle 29 are interior with strainer 23
Chamber communicates.Loading hopper 25, the open top of loading hopper 25, charge pipe 28 and loading hopper are provided at the charge pipe 28 of cylinder 21
25 inside is connected, and being horizontally disposed in loading hopper 25 has charging spiral 26, one end and the charging motor 27 of the spiral 26 that feeds
It is connected, the other end stretches into charge pipe 28, and material is sent into cylinder 21.Material motor 24 is carried to be arranged at the top of cylinder 21,
And it is connected with the shaft for putting forward material spiral 22 by belt.
When work, starts charging spiral 26 and put forward material spiral 22, waste and old cable plastics are added into loading hopper 25, feed spiral shell
Rotation 26 rotates and pushes to material in the material chamber of strainer 23, puies forward material spiral 22 and rotates, by material lifting, material is in lifting process
High speed centrifugal rotation, the moisture in material enter the collection strainer 23 and cylinder 21 across strainer 23 under the action of the centrifugal force
In water cavity, and by being arranged outside discharge outlet, discharge nozzle 29 of the dewatered material then through 21 top of cylinder is discharged.
Millerator includes engine base 1, casing drum 2, hammering separating mechanism and broken motor etc. part composition.Engine base 1 by
Several hack levers are formed by connecting, and fix on the ground, to support other parts, to ensure the stability of whole device.
Casing drum 2 is arranged in the top of hammering separating mechanism, including back taper shell, and row is equipped in the top vertical of shell
Tracheae 3, the central axes of exhaust pipe 3 and the central axes of shell are total to straight line, and feed pipe 4, charging are equipped in the top sidewall of shell
Pipe 4 and the side wall of shell are tangent so that after material enters shell, along the side wall spiral-falling of shell.Feed pipe 4 and dewaterer
Discharge nozzle 29 is connected, and the bottom end of shell is connected with the top of hammering separating mechanism.Dewatered material enters shell through feed pipe 4
In vivo, and along wall surface spiral-falling enter in hammering separating mechanism, broken material is formed during shell inside spin falls
Upward air-flow, the part light impurities being mingled in broken material rise under airflow function, are discharged through exhaust pipe 3.
Hammering separating mechanism is arranged in the front end of engine base 1, including hammering separator box 5, tilting at 5 top of hammering separator box
Charging guiding mouth 6 is arranged in the charging line 8 for hammering the hopper 7 of 5 bottom of separator box and being arranged below hopper 7.Charging
The top of guiding mouth 6 is connected with the shell bottom end of casing drum 2, feed guiding mouth 6 bottom end with hammer separator box 5 it is cylindric
Wall surface is tangent, as shown in Figure 2.
As shown in figs. 1 and 3, hammering separator box 5 includes horizontal cylinder-like shell 9, extends transversely through the transmission main shaft of shell 9
10 and the hammering frame being arranged on transmission main shaft 10 and several blades.It is respectively equipped with exhaust duct 12 in the both sides of shell 9, outside
The bottom of shell 9 offers feed opening, and sieve 13 is sealed at feed opening.The inner cavity of shell 9 is divided into three parts, is located at middle part
It is air compartment 11 positioned at both sides, air compartment 11 is connected with the exhaust duct 12 of corresponding side to hammer room.
One end of transmission main shaft 10 is connect with broken motor, and hammering frame is arranged on the transmission main shaft 10 of hammering room,
Blade is arranged on the transmission main shaft 10 of air compartment 11.Hammering frame includes that be set on transmission main shaft 10 several are mutually parallel
Support plate 14, several connecting rods 15 for being connected between two pieces of support plates 14 and several hammering pieces in connecting rod 15
16.Support plate 14 is welded on transmission main shaft 10, and the line of centres of each support plate 14 is overlapped with the central axes of transmission main shaft 10.
The end of connecting rod 15 is welded on the side edge of support plate 14, and with the axis parallel of transmission main shaft 10；The setting of connecting rod 15
Quantity is preferably 4, four 15 ring transmission main shaft 10 1 of connecting rod circles.Hammering piece 16 is rectangle sheet body, at the both ends of sheet body
The inserting hole 17 for interting with connecting rod 15 and connecting is offered respectively, the diameter of inserting hole 17 is slightly larger than the diameter of connecting rod 15,
The diameter difference of the two is maintained at 1 ~ 2mm, so that hammering piece 16 can be through in connecting rod 15 just, while ensureing that hammering piece 16 may be used also
It is rotated relative to connecting rod 15.The diameter difference of the two should not be too large, and to ensure that hammering piece 16 can be rotated together with connecting rod 15, keep away
Exempt from the idle running of connecting rod 15, hammer the phenomenon that piece 16 does not turn.It is provided with locating piece between two adjacent hammering pieces 16, it is fixed
Position block is set in connecting rod 15, for separating two neighboring hammering piece 16, is being rotated with the hammering piece 16 for ensureing adjacent
It is independent of each other in the process.
When work, start and be crushed motor, transmission main shaft 10 rotates, and the hammering piece 16 with movable vane piece and hammering frame revolves together
Turn, the rotation process of hammering piece 16 is shattering process to material, by repeatedly hammering, material be gradually crashed to pieces into size compared with
Small pellet, meanwhile, the impurity such as paper scrap being adhered on material are broken and are separated from material, rotate to be formed in blade
Airflow function under be discharged through exhaust duct 12, pellet then falls into across sieve 13 in hopper 7.
As shown in Figure 1, hopper 7 is located at the lower section of feed opening, discharge port is equipped in the bottom end of hopper 7.Charging line 8
It is horizontally set on the lower section of hopper 7, the discharge port of hopper 7 is connected with charging line 8, is set in one end of charging line 8
There are air blower 18, the other end of charging line 8 to be connected with material-gathering device 20.Undergauge section 19, undergauge section are equipped on charging line 8
19 between hopper 7 and air blower 18.Start air blower 18, forms feeding air-flow in charging line 8, feeding air-flow is through contracting
Diameter section 19 blows afloat the material being discharged from hopper 7 after accelerating, and is blown into material collecting device.
Exhaust pipe 3 and exhaust duct 12 respectively with dust-extraction unit（It is not shown in figure）It is connected, the air emptying after dedusting is miscellaneous
Matter is blocked centralized processing.