CN211369051U - House building anti-seismic support - Google Patents

House building anti-seismic support Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211369051U
CN211369051U CN201921889932.0U CN201921889932U CN211369051U CN 211369051 U CN211369051 U CN 211369051U CN 201921889932 U CN201921889932 U CN 201921889932U CN 211369051 U CN211369051 U CN 211369051U
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Prior art keywords
support
seat
steel plate
damping
piston
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CN201921889932.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨里秀
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Inner Mongolia Jushi Reinforcement Engineering Co ltd
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Inner Mongolia Jushi Reinforcement Engineering Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a housing construction antidetonation support, including pre-buried in subaerial supporting seat, the upper end of supporting seat is provided with a supporting bench, the equidistant circumference between supporting bench and the supporting seat is provided with a plurality of damper, the equidistant circumference is provided with a plurality of lamination rubber seats between supporting bench and the supporting seat, the upside middle part position of supporting seat is provided with the recess, the inside of supporting seat is provided with the damper, the damper is located the recess under, it is provided with the slide bar that can reciprocate to run through between damper and the recess, the upper end fixedly connected with ball panel of slide bar. The utility model has reasonable structure design, can reduce the influence of vibration and the transmission effect of earthquake force to buildings through the damping mechanism and the laminated rubber seat; meanwhile, the piston is used for extruding the damping fluid to generate a large damping force, so that the resonance effect generated by vibration can be absorbed and relieved, and the anti-vibration effect is further improved.

Description

House building anti-seismic support
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a building antidetonation technical field especially relates to a housing construction support that combats earthquake.
Background
A house is a building that lives people or stores things. An earthquake is a phenomenon of propagating vibrations occurring due to a sudden movement of a certain portion of the earth's interior. When a large earthquake occurs, huge earthquake energy is released, so that a large amount of buildings are damaged, and the life and property safety of people is seriously threatened.
In the face of earthquake, which is a strong natural disaster, the damage of buildings can not be avoided, and only the influence caused by the earthquake can be reduced by blocking as much as possible, while some existing buildings have some earthquake-resistant and shock-absorbing structures, but the shock-absorbing mechanisms are generally simple, so that the earthquake-resistant effect is poor, and the influence of the earthquake can not be well reduced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at solving the defects in the prior art, and provides a house building anti-seismic support which can reduce the influence of vibration and the conduction action of seismic force to a building through a damping mechanism and a laminated rubber seat; meanwhile, the piston is used for extruding the damping fluid to generate a large damping force, so that the resonance effect generated by vibration can be absorbed and relieved, and the anti-vibration effect is further improved.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
an earthquake-resistant support for building construction comprises a support seat pre-embedded under the ground, wherein a support platform is arranged at the upper end of the support seat, a plurality of shock absorption mechanisms are arranged between the supporting platform and the supporting seat at equal intervals in the circumferential direction, a plurality of laminated rubber seats are arranged between the supporting platform and the supporting seat at equal intervals in the circumferential direction, a groove is arranged at the middle position of the upper side of the supporting seat, a damping cavity is arranged inside the supporting seat, the shock absorption cavity is positioned under the groove, a slide bar which can move up and down is arranged between the shock absorption cavity and the groove in a penetrating way, the upper end of the sliding rod is fixedly connected with a spherical panel, the inner side of the supporting platform is provided with a spherical groove matched with the spherical panel, the ball panel is elastically connected with the groove through a damping spring, the damping spring is sleeved on the outer side of the sliding rod, and an anti-vibration mechanism for relieving vibration is arranged in the damping cavity.
Preferably, the damping mechanism comprises a spring seat fixedly connected to the upper side of the supporting seat, the supporting seat is elastically connected with the supporting table through a compression spring, and the compression spring is sleeved on the outer side of the spring seat.
Preferably, the laminated rubber seat comprises an upper connecting steel plate arranged on the inner side of the support platform and a lower connecting steel plate arranged on the upper side of the support seat, a plurality of rubber layers and steel plates are arranged between the upper connecting steel plate and the lower connecting steel plate in a staggered mode, protective layers are arranged outside the rubber layers and the steel plates, and the upper connecting steel plate and the steel plates are provided with through holes for filling.
Preferably, the rubber layer and the steel plate are integrally formed through high temperature and high pressure.
Preferably, the antidetonation mechanism is including setting up the piston that can reciprocate in shock attenuation intracavity portion, piston and slide bar fixed connection, the circumference equidistant second through-hole that is provided with a plurality of link up on the piston, the inside of supporting seat is provided with the stock solution chamber, the stock solution chamber is concave type structure, the stock solution chamber is located the shock attenuation chamber under, the symmetry is provided with two first through-holes that link up between shock attenuation chamber and the stock solution chamber, the inside of shock attenuation chamber and stock solution chamber all is filled there is damping fluid.
Preferably, the damping fluid is hydraulic oil.
The utility model discloses possess following beneficial effect:
1. through the arrangement of the damping mechanism, the compression spring can reduce the influence caused by vibration, the laminated rubber seat can reduce the transmission effect of earthquake force to a building, and the earthquake-resistant effect is further improved so as to ensure the earthquake-resistant performance of the building;
2. through the setting of damping fluid, piston, slide bar and second flow hole, because the piston reciprocates for the damping fluid is extruded to the piston, and the damping fluid can be followed and moved in the opposite direction in the second flow hole, produces great damping force like this, can absorb and alleviate the resonance effect that vibrations produced, reaches absorbing effect.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an earthquake-resistant support for building construction according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is the utility model provides a sectional structure schematic diagram of lamination rubber seat in housing construction antidetonation support.
In the figure: the damping device comprises a support seat 1, a first flow hole 2, a damping cavity 3, a damping liquid 4, a liquid storage cavity 5, a second flow hole 6, a sliding rod 7, a piston 8, a damping spring 9, a groove 10, a spring seat 11, a support table 12, a spherical panel 13, a spherical groove 14, a laminated rubber seat 15, a compression spring 16, a through hole 17, an upper connecting steel plate 18, a rubber layer 19, a steel plate 20, a protective layer 21 and a lower connecting steel plate 22.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-2, a house building earthquake-proof support comprises a support seat 1 pre-buried under the ground, a support table 12 is arranged at the upper end of the support seat 1, a plurality of shock absorption mechanisms are arranged at equal intervals in the circumferential direction between the support table 12 and the support seat 1, a plurality of laminated rubber seats 15 are arranged at equal intervals in the circumferential direction between the support table 12 and the support seat 1, a groove 10 is arranged at the middle position of the upper side of the support seat 1, a shock absorption cavity 3 is arranged inside the support seat 1, the shock absorption cavity 3 is positioned under the groove 10, a slide rod 7 capable of moving up and down is arranged between the shock absorption cavity 3 and the groove 10 in a penetrating manner, a ball panel 13 is fixedly connected at the upper end of the slide rod 7, a spherical groove 14 matched with the spherical panel 13 is arranged at the inner side of the support table 12, the ball panel 13, the damping spring 9 is sleeved on the outer side of the sliding rod 7, and an anti-vibration mechanism for relieving vibration is arranged in the damping cavity 3.
Specifically, damper includes spring holder 11 of fixed connection at the supporting seat 1 upside, through compression spring 16 elastic connection between supporting seat 1 and the brace table 12, compression spring 16 cover is established in the outside of spring holder 11.
Specifically, the laminated rubber holder 15 includes an upper connection steel plate 18 disposed inside the support base 12 and a lower connection steel plate 22 disposed on the upper side of the support base 1, a plurality of rubber layers 19 and steel plates 20 are alternately disposed between the upper connection steel plate 18 and the lower connection steel plate 22, a protective layer 21 is disposed outside the plurality of rubber layers 19 and steel plates 20, the upper connection steel plate 18 and the steel plates 20 are each provided with a through hole 17 for filling,
the rubber layer 19 can obstruct the movement of molecular chains due to the interaction between rubber molecules, thereby showing the characteristic of viscous damping and having the effect of shock absorption.
The upper connecting steel plate 18 and the lower connecting steel plate 22 are each provided with a plurality of mounting holes, and the mounting holes are used for mounting and fixing the laminated rubber seat 15 and are screwed and fixed by fastening bolts.
Specifically, the rubber layer 19 and the steel plate 20 are integrally molded at high temperature and high pressure, and the steel plate 20 is filled with hot-melt rubber through the through hole 17, so that the purpose of compounding is achieved.
Specifically, antidetonation mechanism is including setting up the piston 8 that can reciprocate in shock attenuation chamber 3 inside, piston 8 and slide bar 7 fixed connection, the equidistant second through-flow hole 6 that is provided with a plurality of link up of circumference on the piston 8, the inside of supporting seat 1 is provided with stock solution chamber 5, stock solution chamber 5 is concave type structure, stock solution chamber 5 is located shock attenuation chamber 3 under, the symmetry is provided with two first through-flow holes 2 that link up between shock attenuation chamber 3 and the stock solution chamber 5, shock attenuation chamber 3 and the inside of stock solution chamber 5 all fill up damping fluid 4, the inside damping fluid 4 of stock solution chamber 5 is not filled up and is full of.
Specifically, the damping fluid 4 is hydraulic oil.
During vibration, the support table 12 is moved up and down by vibration, the influence caused by the vibration can be reduced by the arrangement of the compression spring 16, the transmission effect of earthquake force to a building can be reduced by the arrangement of the laminated rubber seat 15, and the earthquake-resistant effect is further improved so as to ensure the earthquake-resistant performance of the building;
the spherical panel 13 moves along with the movement of the supporting seat 1 due to vibration, the spherical panel 13 is pressed downwards to drive the slide rod 7 to be pressed downwards, the compression spring 9 is in a compression state, the slide rod 7 is pressed downwards to enable the piston 8 to move downwards, so that the volume of the shock absorption cavity 3 below the piston 8 is reduced, the oil pressure is increased, the shock absorption liquid 4 flows into the shock absorption cavity 3 above the piston 8 through the second through-flow hole 6, meanwhile, a part of space is occupied by the slide rod 7 in the shock absorption cavity 3 above the piston 8, the increased volume of the upper cavity of the shock absorption cavity 3 is smaller than the reduced volume of the lower cavity, and a part of oil flows into the liquid storage cavity 5 through the first through-; slide bar 7 pulling piston 8 rebound, 3 chamber oil pressures in the shock attenuation chamber on the piston 8 rise, and shock absorber 4 can flow into the shock attenuation chamber 3 under the piston 8 through second through-flow hole 6 at this moment, simultaneously because slide bar 7's reason, the shock absorber 4 that flows from the shock attenuation chamber 3 on the piston 8 is not enough to be full of the volume that shock attenuation chamber 3 under the piston 8 increases for shock attenuation chamber 3 under the piston 8 produces a vacuum, and shock absorber 4 inside the stock solution chamber 5 then can flow into shock attenuation chamber 3 through first through-flow hole 2 at this moment and supply. The piston 8 extrudes the damping fluid 4, and the damping fluid 4 moves in the opposite direction from the second through hole 6, so that a larger damping force is generated, the resonance effect generated by vibration can be absorbed and relieved, and the damping effect is achieved.
Above, only be the concrete implementation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art is in the technical scope of the present invention, according to the technical solution of the present invention and the design of the present invention, equivalent replacement or change should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A house building anti-seismic support comprises a support seat (1) pre-buried under the ground, and is characterized in that a support table (12) is arranged at the upper end of the support seat (1), a plurality of shock absorption mechanisms are arranged at equal intervals in the circumferential direction between the support table (12) and the support seat (1), a plurality of laminated rubber seats (15) are arranged at equal intervals in the circumferential direction between the support table (12) and the support seat (1), a groove (10) is formed in the middle position of the upper side of the support seat (1), a shock absorption cavity (3) is arranged inside the support seat (1), the shock absorption cavity (3) is located under the groove (10), a slide rod (7) capable of moving up and down is arranged between the shock absorption cavity (3) and the groove (10) in a penetrating mode, a ball panel (13) is fixedly connected to the upper end of the slide rod (7), a ball surface groove (14) matched with the ball panel (13) is arranged on the inner, ball panel (13) and recess (10) between through damping spring (9) elastic connection, damping spring (9) cover is established in the outside of slide bar (7), the inside of shock attenuation chamber (3) is provided with the antidetonation mechanism of alleviating vibrations.
2. The earthquake-resistant support for the house building according to claim 1, wherein the damping mechanism comprises a spring seat (11) fixedly connected to the upper side of the support seat (1), the support seat (1) and the support platform (12) are elastically connected through a compression spring (16), and the compression spring (16) is sleeved on the outer side of the spring seat (11).
3. A seismic support for building construction according to claim 2, characterized in that said laminated rubber mount (15) comprises an upper connecting steel plate (18) arranged inside said support platform (12) and a lower connecting steel plate (22) arranged on the upper side of said support base (1), a plurality of rubber layers (19) and steel plates (20) are alternately arranged between said upper connecting steel plate (18) and said lower connecting steel plate (22), a plurality of protective layers (21) are arranged outside said rubber layers (19) and said steel plates (20), and said upper connecting steel plate (18) and said steel plates (20) are provided with through holes (17) for filling.
4. A seismic support for building construction according to claim 3, wherein said rubber layer (19) and steel plate (20) are integrally formed by high temperature and high pressure.
5. A house building antidetonation support of claim 4, characterized in that, antidetonation mechanism includes setting up piston (8) that can reciprocate in shock attenuation chamber (3) inside, piston (8) and slide bar (7) fixed connection, the last circumference of piston (8) is equidistant to be provided with a plurality of second through-holes (6) that link up, the inside of supporting seat (1) is provided with stock solution chamber (5), stock solution chamber (5) are concave type structure, stock solution chamber (5) are located shock attenuation chamber (3) under, two first through-holes (2) that link up are provided with to the symmetry between shock attenuation chamber (3) and the stock solution chamber (5), the inside of shock attenuation chamber (3) and stock solution chamber (5) all is filled with damping fluid (4).
6. An earthquake-resistant support for buildings and structures according to claim 5, characterised in that said shock-absorbing fluid (4) is hydraulic oil.
CN201921889932.0U 2019-11-05 2019-11-05 House building anti-seismic support Active CN211369051U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921889932.0U CN211369051U (en) 2019-11-05 2019-11-05 House building anti-seismic support

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921889932.0U CN211369051U (en) 2019-11-05 2019-11-05 House building anti-seismic support

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211369051U true CN211369051U (en) 2020-08-28

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921889932.0U Active CN211369051U (en) 2019-11-05 2019-11-05 House building anti-seismic support

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN211369051U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112459279A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-03-09 福建江夏学院 Anti-seismic fabricated building frame structure
CN113550444A (en) * 2021-08-26 2021-10-26 仲恺农业工程学院 Assembled shear connector

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112459279A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-03-09 福建江夏学院 Anti-seismic fabricated building frame structure
CN113550444A (en) * 2021-08-26 2021-10-26 仲恺农业工程学院 Assembled shear connector

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