CN211329754U - Novel seedling substrate pulverizer - Google Patents

Novel seedling substrate pulverizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211329754U
CN211329754U CN201921941338.1U CN201921941338U CN211329754U CN 211329754 U CN211329754 U CN 211329754U CN 201921941338 U CN201921941338 U CN 201921941338U CN 211329754 U CN211329754 U CN 211329754U
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mixing
crushing
grinding
main
box
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CN201921941338.1U
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王锡春
彭陆军
蒋笃忠
袁芳
甘在德
周向平
靳志丽
黄石旺
肖钦之
杨全柳
高春洋
唐绅
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Yongzhou Siyuan Agricultural Technology Co ltd
HUNAN TOBACCO Co YONGZHOU BRANCH
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Yongzhou Siyuan Agricultural Technology Co ltd
HUNAN TOBACCO Co YONGZHOU BRANCH
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel matrix rubbing crusher of growing seedlings relates to plant matrix crushing apparatus technical field of growing seedlings. The device comprises a pre-crushing feeding device, a crushing device and a mixing device, wherein the crushing device and the mixing device are arranged side by side and are connected through a discharging pipe 45, and the pre-crushing feeding device is arranged at the upper parts of the crushing device and the mixing device; the mixing device comprises a mixing box 8, a mixing power mechanism, a mixing stirring mechanism and a mixing unloading mechanism. The seedling culture medium crusher has the characteristics of integrating crushing and material mixing functions, being good in crushing and material mixing effects, high in crushing efficiency and the like, and can be used for crushing and mixing various seedling culture mediums.

Description

Novel seedling substrate pulverizer
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a plant seedling substrate crushing apparatus technical field, especially a novel seedling substrate rubbing crusher.
Background
In the prior art, the seedling culture substrate is a key factor for producing high-quality products whether producing vegetables or flowers and plants. The seedling raising matrix has the function similar to that of soil, so that the plant can adapt to the environment better and grow fast. The seedling culture substrate is usually prepared by matching a plurality of raw materials according to a certain proportion, and generally needs to be crushed and subjected to balanced treatment in order to ensure that the nutrition of the seedling culture substrate is completely balanced and lasting. At present, most of traditional seedling substrate processing equipment has a simple structure, and only can be used for preliminary mixing and crushing during actual processing.
Chinese patent (patent application No. 201520497405.0) discloses "an agricultural crusher", including a mixing device, the mixing device is connected with a crushing device through a conveying device, the mixing device includes a mixing drum, a driving device is arranged above the mixing drum, two mixing screws are arranged in the mixing drum, the conveying device includes a screw conveyor connected with the mixing drum, the crushing device includes a crushing drum connected with a transition bin, a crushing cutter wheel is arranged in the crushing drum, the crushing cutter wheel includes a rotor, a rotating shaft, a bearing and a bracket, a rotating cutter is fastened on the rotating shaft, a stationary cutter is fastened on the bracket, a spring is sleeved on the rotating shaft between the rotating cutter on the left side and the bracket, and a spring is also sleeved on the rotating shaft between the rotating cutter on the right side and the bracket; and a spiral water-cooling half pipe is arranged on the surface of the crushing barrel.
Another chinese patent (patent application No. 201820617290.8) discloses a "new type fodder grinder", which comprises a frame, a mixing component and a grinding component are respectively arranged on the upper and lower sides of the frame, the mixing component comprises a mixing box and a stirring structure arranged inside the mixing box, the stirring structure comprises a stirring shaft and stirring blades with heating layers on the surface, one side of the mixing box is provided with a water tank and an air blower matched with the mixing box, the water tank and the air blower are respectively fixedly connected with the mixing box through a wind outlet pipe and an air inlet pipe, a heater is further arranged on the air inlet pipe, the crushing component comprises a crushing box and a coarse crushing mechanism which is arranged in the crushing box from top to bottom in sequence, a fine crushing mechanism and a filter screen plate, one side of the crushing box is provided with a feed collecting device connected with the filter screen plate, and the feed collecting device and the mixing box are connected with each other through a screw conveyor and a conveying pipe.
Chinese patent (patent application No. 201820908940.4) has also disclosed "a potato kind matrix rubbing crusher that grows seedlings", including connecting the platform, one side of connecting the bench top is equipped with first safety cover, the opposite side of connecting the bench top is equipped with spiral extrusion rubbing crusher and constructs, one side of connecting the platform is equipped with stirring mixing mechanism, stirring mixing mechanism's bottom is equipped with the second safety cover, the bottom fixedly connected with discharge pipe of stirring mixing mechanism one side, spiral extrusion rubbing crusher construct with fixedly connected with passage between the stirring mixing mechanism. Through the setting of screw extrusion rubbing crusher structure and stirring mixing mechanism, make the matrix raw materials of growing seedlings through adding water abundant stirring once more after cutting, extrusion, breakage and grinding, make the more even of matrix raw materials of growing seedlings mixture, make the matrix of growing seedlings of making out accord with the requirement that potato kind seedling was cultivated more, and easy operation, crushing effectual, the matrix of growing seedlings of making accords with the requirement more.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims to solve the technical problem that a collect and smash and compounding function in an organic whole, smash with the compounding effectual, smash efficient rubbing crusher.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model discloses the technical scheme who takes designs a novel matrix rubbing crusher of growing seedlings: the device comprises a pre-crushing feeding device, a crushing device and a mixing device, wherein the crushing device and the mixing device are arranged side by side and are connected through a discharging pipe 45, and the pre-crushing feeding device is arranged at the upper parts of the crushing device and the mixing device; the mixing device comprises a mixing box 8, a mixing power mechanism, a mixing stirring mechanism and a mixture discharging mechanism;
the mixing box 8 is a circular hollow box body, and the lower part of the mixing box is provided with more than four supporting legs (at least comprising a pair of symmetrical mixing box mounting supporting legs 5 for mounting a mixture discharging mechanism and a pair of symmetrical mixing box supporting legs 48); a power isolation support plate 18 is arranged at the middle-upper part of the inner cavity of the power isolation support plate; two ends of the blanking pipe 45 are respectively communicated with the mixing box 8 and the crushing device;
the mixing power mechanism is arranged in an upper inner cavity isolated by the power isolation supporting plate 18 in the mixing box 8 and comprises a mixing motor 28, a mixing motor bracket 41, a main transmission shaft 47, a main transmission gear 42, a slave transmission shaft 27 and a slave transmission gear 20; the mixing motor bracket 41 is arranged on one side of the middle-upper part of the upper inner cavity, and a mixing motor 28 is arranged on the mixing motor bracket; the output shaft of the mixing motor 28 is connected with the upper end of a main transmission shaft 47 which is provided with a main transmission gear 42 in a penetrating way through a mixing motor shaft coupling 43, and the lower end of the main transmission shaft 47 penetrates through a main transmission bearing seat 46 arranged on the power isolation supporting plate 18 and then penetrates downwards into a lower inner cavity isolated by the power isolation supporting plate 18 in the mixing box 8; the upper end of the secondary transmission shaft 27 penetrates into a secondary transmission shaft upper bearing seat 26 arranged at the central part of the top surface of the inner cavity of the mixing box 8, wherein the upper part of the secondary transmission shaft is penetrated with a secondary transmission gear 20 meshed with a main transmission gear 42, and the lower end of the secondary transmission shaft lower bearing seat 21 arranged on a power isolation supporting plate 18 penetrates into a lower inner cavity isolated by the power isolation supporting plate 18 in the mixing box 8;
the mixing stirring mechanism comprises a main mixing stirring mechanism and an auxiliary mixing stirring mechanism, wherein the main mixing stirring mechanism comprises a secondary transmission shaft 27 and more than two mixing main stirring rollers 12 which are horizontally and symmetrically arranged on the secondary transmission shaft 27; the mixing auxiliary stirring mechanism comprises a mixing auxiliary stirring transmission component and a mixing auxiliary stirring component, wherein the mixing auxiliary stirring transmission component comprises a main transmission shaft 47, a mixing auxiliary stirring driving gear 3, a mixing auxiliary stirring inner gear 17, an inner gear upper pressing ring 16 and an inner gear lower supporting ring 13; the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear 17 is arranged on the wall of the upper inner cavity of the mixing box 8 below the power isolation supporting plate 18, and an internal gear upper pressing ring 16 and an internal gear lower supporting ring 13 are respectively arranged on the upper part and the lower part of the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear; circular grooves for installing upper balls 15 and lower balls 14 are respectively formed in the upper surface and the lower surface of the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear 17, and circular grooves matched with the upper balls 15 and the lower balls 14 are respectively formed in the lower surface of an upper pressing ring 16 of the internal gear and the upper surface of a lower supporting ring 13 of the internal gear; a mixing auxiliary stirring driving gear 3 which is internally meshed with the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear 17 is arranged at the lower end of the main transmission shaft 47; the mixing auxiliary stirring assembly comprises a mixing auxiliary stirring vertical rod 10 vertically arranged below the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear 17 and more than two mixing auxiliary stirring transverse rods 11 horizontally arranged on the inner side of the mixing auxiliary stirring vertical rod 10, and the mixing auxiliary stirring transverse rods 11 and the mixing main stirring rollers 12 are staggered;
mixture shedding mechanism includes that the left side hinge adorns at left mixture stripper 6 on the left of 8 lower extremes of mixing box, the right hinge dress is at right mixture stripper 2 on the right of 8 lower extremes of mixing box, left electric telescopic handle 4, right electric telescopic handle 1, the upper end of left side electric telescopic handle 4 and right electric telescopic handle 1 hinges respectively and adorns below left mixture stripper 6 and right mixture stripper 2, the lower extreme of left side electric telescopic handle 4 and right electric telescopic handle 1 hinges respectively and adorns on mixing box erection bracing foot 5 of 8 lower parts of mixing box.
The outer side of the mixing auxiliary stirring vertical rod 10 is also provided with a scraping component consisting of a scraping rod 9 and a pair of scraping support rods 7, the scraping support rods 7 are respectively arranged at the upper part and the lower part of the outer side of the mixing auxiliary stirring vertical rod 10, and the upper part and the lower part of the scraping rod 9 are respectively connected with the outer side end of the scraping support rods 7.
The grinding device comprises a grinding box 38, a grinding power mechanism and a grinding mechanism;
the crushing box 38 is a hollow box body, and a feeding hole 34 is formed in the upper surface of the crushing box; a material collecting groove 37 with a lower left and a higher right is arranged in the inner cavity of the feeding device, and the left end of the material collecting groove 37 is communicated with the right end of the discharging pipe 45; more than three grinding box supporting legs 44 are arranged at the lower part of the crushing box;
the grinding power mechanism comprises a grinding motor 50, a grinding motor bracket 49, a main grinding roller shaft 36, a main grinding roller gear 51, a secondary grinding roller shaft 39 and a secondary grinding roller gear 55; the grinding motor bracket 49 is arranged on the rear side surface of the grinding box 38, and a grinding motor 50 is arranged on the grinding motor bracket; the main grinding roll shaft 36 is arranged at the middle and upper right part of the grinding box 38 in a penetrating way in the front-back direction, the front end of the main grinding roll shaft penetrates out of the front part of the grinding box 38 and then penetrates into a main grinding roll front bearing seat 53, the rear end of the main grinding roll shaft penetrates out of the rear part of the grinding box 38 and then penetrates out of a main grinding roll rear bearing seat 54 and then is arranged with a main grinding roll gear 51, and then the main grinding roll gear is connected with a grinding motor output shaft through a grinding motor output shaft coupler 52; the secondary grinding roll shaft 39 penetrates the middle-upper left part of the grinding box 38 in the front-back direction, the front end of the secondary grinding roll shaft penetrates the front part of the grinding box 38 and then penetrates into the front bearing seat of the secondary grinding roll, and the rear end of the secondary grinding roll shaft penetrates the rear part of the grinding box 38 and then penetrates out of the rear bearing seat of the secondary grinding roll and then penetrates a secondary grinding roll gear 55 meshed with the main grinding roll gear 51;
the grinding mechanism comprises a main grinding roller 35 and a secondary grinding roller 40, wherein the main grinding roller 35 and the secondary grinding roller 40 are respectively sleeved on a main grinding roller shaft 36 and a secondary grinding roller shaft 39 in the inner cavity of a grinding box 38.
Grinding teeth are uniformly distributed on the outer cylindrical surfaces of the main grinding roller 35 and the auxiliary grinding roller 40.
The pre-crushing feeding device comprises a pre-crushing feeding motor 19, a pre-crushing feeding groove 32, a pre-crushing feeding main shaft 30, a pre-crushing feeding reamer 29 and a pre-crushing feeding groove cover 24; the pre-crushing feeding motor 19 is arranged on the left side of the upper surface of the mixing box 8; the section of the pre-crushing feed chute 32 is in an upper semicircular shape and a lower semicircular shape, the pre-crushing feed chute is arranged on the right side of the upper surface of the mixing box 8 and the left side of the upper surface of the crushing box 38, and a discharge hole 33 is formed in the bottom surface of the right part of the pre-crushing feed chute corresponding to the feed hole 34; a spiral pre-crushing feeding reamer 29 is sleeved on a pre-crushing feeding main shaft 30, the pre-crushing feeding main shaft 30 is installed in the inner cavity of a pre-crushing feeding groove 32, and the left end of the pre-crushing feeding main shaft 30 penetrates out of the pre-crushing feeding groove 32 leftwards, then penetrates out of a pre-crushing feeding main shaft left bearing seat 23 and then is connected with an output shaft of a pre-crushing feeding motor 19 through a pre-crushing feeding motor shaft coupler 22; the right end of the pre-crushing feeding main shaft 30 penetrates through a pre-crushing feeding groove 32 rightwards and then penetrates into a right bearing seat 31 of the pre-crushing feeding main shaft; the pre-crushing feed chute cover 24 is installed at the upper part of the pre-crushing feed chute 32, and a premix feed inlet is further opened at the left middle part of the pre-crushing feed chute cover, and a feed hopper 25 is installed on the premix feed inlet.
The utility model discloses a novel matrix rubbing crusher of growing seedlings owing to set up pre-crushing feed arrangement, through the rotatory propulsion of spiral reamer, on the one hand is further misce bene to the premix of adding, and on the other hand carries out preliminary hinge garrulous to propulsive premix, lays solid basis for subsequent smashing and compounding. Meanwhile, the double-roller type crushing mechanism composed of the main crushing roller and the secondary crushing roller crushes and mixes the preliminarily crushed and mixed mixture again, so that the fineness and the mixing degree are high, and the crushing efficiency is greatly improved. Then, the materials are further efficiently mixed through the opposite rotating motion of the staggered mixing main stirring rollers and the mixing auxiliary stirring cross rods, so that the mixing effect is better. In addition, set up and scraped the material subassembly, can scrape the inner wall of mixing box along with the rotation that the compounding was assisted and is stirred the montant to prevent that the unloading is incomplete, can further improve the compounding effect.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a main sectional schematic view of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic right view of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a rear view schematic diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of the mixing sub-agitation drive assembly of the present invention, partially axial-scaled;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of the local axial measurement and amplification of the material collecting groove and the blanking pipe of the present invention.
In the figure:
1 is a right electric telescopic rod, 2 is a right mixture discharging plate, 3 is a mixing auxiliary stirring driving gear, 4 is a left electric telescopic rod, 5 is a mixing box mounting supporting leg, 6 is a left mixture discharging plate, 7 is a scraping supporting rod, 8 is a mixing box, 9 is a scraping rod, 10 is a mixing auxiliary stirring vertical rod, 11 is a mixing auxiliary stirring cross rod, 12 is a mixing main stirring roller, 13 is an internal gear lower supporting ring, 14 is a lower ball, 15 is an upper ball, 16 is an internal gear upper pressing ring, 17 is a mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear, 18 is a power isolation supporting plate, 19 is a pre-crushing feeding motor, 20 is a slave transmission gear, 21 is a slave transmission shaft lower bearing seat, 22 is a pre-crushing feeding motor shaft coupler, 23 is a pre-crushing feeding main shaft left bearing seat, 24 is a pre-crushing feeding groove cover, 25 is a feeding hopper, 26 is a slave transmission shaft upper bearing seat, 27 is a slave transmission shaft, 28 is a mixing motor, 29 is a pre-crushing feed reamer, 30 is a pre-crushing feed spindle, 31 is a pre-crushing feed spindle right bearing block, 32 is a pre-crushing feed chute, 33 is a discharge port, 34 is a feed port, 35 is a main crushing roller, 36 is a main crushing roller shaft, 37 is a collecting chute, 38 is a crushing box, 39 is a secondary crushing roller shaft, 40 is a secondary crushing roller, 41 is a mixing motor bracket, 42 is a main transmission gear, 43 is a mixing motor shaft coupling, 44 is a crushing box support leg, 45 is a discharge pipe, 46 is a main transmission bearing block, 47 is a main transmission shaft, 48 is a mixing box support leg, 49 is a crushing motor bracket, 50 is a crushing motor, 51 is a main crushing roller gear, 52 is a crushing motor output shaft coupling, 53 is a main crushing roller front bearing block, 54 is a main crushing roller rear bearing block, and 55 is a secondary crushing roller gear.
It should be noted that in the description of the present invention, the terms "in", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc. indicate the orientation or positional relationship based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in fig. 1, which is only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but does not indicate or imply that the device or member referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. The following description is given by way of example, but the scope of the invention should not be limited thereto.
The novel matrix rubbing crusher that grows seedlings of this embodiment comprises crushing device, milling device and compounding device in advance, and crushing device and compounding device are installed on the upper portion of crushing device and compounding device in advance, and crushing device and compounding device install side by side, and crushing device and compounding device constitute through unloading pipe 45 and connect.
The pre-crushing feeding device is composed of a pre-crushing feeding motor 19, a pre-crushing feeding groove 32, a pre-crushing feeding main shaft 30, a pre-crushing feeding reamer 29, a pre-crushing feeding groove cover 24, a hopper 25, a pre-crushing feeding motor shaft coupler 22 and a pre-crushing feeding main shaft left bearing seat 23.
The pre-crushing feed chute 32 is arranged on the right side of the upper surface of the mixing device and the left side of the upper surface of the crushing device, the section of the pre-crushing feed chute is square at the upper part and semicircular at the lower part, and a discharge hole 33 is formed in the bottom surface of the right part of the pre-crushing feed chute corresponding to the feed hole of the crushing device; the pre-crushing feeding reamer 29 is spiral and is sleeved on the pre-crushing feeding main shaft 30, the pre-crushing feeding main shaft 30 is arranged in the inner cavity of the pre-crushing feeding groove 32, and the left end of the pre-crushing feeding main shaft 30 penetrates out of the pre-crushing feeding groove 32 leftwards and then penetrates out of the left bearing seat 23 of the pre-crushing feeding main shaft and is connected with the output shaft of the pre-crushing feeding motor 19 arranged on the left side of the upper surface of the mixing device through a pre-crushing feeding motor shaft coupler 22; the right end of the pre-crushing feeding main shaft 30 penetrates through a pre-crushing feeding groove 32 rightwards and then penetrates into a right bearing seat 31 of the pre-crushing feeding main shaft; the preliminary pulverization feeding chute cover 24 is installed at the upper portion of the preliminary pulverization feeding chute 32, and a premixed charge feed port is further opened at the left middle portion thereof, and a charge hopper 25 is installed thereon.
The grinding device is composed of a grinding box 38, a grinding power mechanism and a grinding mechanism.
The crushing box 38 is a hollow box with a rectangular cross section (the middle right part of the pre-crushing feed tank 32 of the pre-crushing feed device is arranged at the upper part of the pre-crushing feed tank), and a feed port 34 is arranged on the upper surface of the crushing box (corresponding to a discharge port 33 at the bottom surface of the right part of the pre-crushing feed tank 32); a material collecting groove 37 with a lower left and a higher right is arranged in the inner cavity of the crushing box 38, and the left end of the material collecting groove 37 penetrates through the left wall of the crushing box 38 and is communicated with the right end of the discharging pipe 45; four (or three or five or six or more) grinding box support legs 44 are provided at the lower part of the grinding box 38.
The grinding power mechanism is composed of a grinding motor 50, a grinding motor bracket 49, a main grinding roller shaft 36, a main grinding roller gear 51, a secondary grinding roller shaft 39, a secondary grinding roller gear 55, a main grinding roller front bearing seat 53, a main grinding roller rear bearing seat 54 and a grinding motor output shaft coupling 52. A grinding motor bracket 49 is arranged on the rear side of the grinding box 38, and a grinding motor 50 is arranged on the grinding motor bracket; the main grinding roll shaft 36 is arranged at the middle and upper right part of the grinding box 38 in a penetrating way in the front-back direction, the front end of the main grinding roll shaft penetrates out of the front part of the grinding box 38 and then penetrates into a main grinding roll front bearing seat 53, the rear end of the main grinding roll shaft penetrates out of the rear part of the grinding box 38 and then penetrates out of a main grinding roll rear bearing seat 54 and then is provided with a main grinding roll gear 51, and then the main grinding roll gear is connected with an output shaft of a grinding motor 50 through a grinding motor output shaft; a grinding roll shaft 39 is inserted through the left middle upper portion of the grinding box 38 in the front-rear direction, the front end of the grinding roll shaft penetrates the front of the grinding box 38 and then penetrates into a front bearing housing (not shown) of the secondary grinding roll, and the rear end of the grinding roll shaft penetrates the rear of the grinding box 38 and then penetrates through a rear bearing housing (not shown) of the secondary grinding roll and then penetrates a secondary grinding roll gear 55 engaged with the primary grinding roll gear 51.
The grinding mechanism is composed of a main grinding roller 35 and a secondary grinding roller 40, wherein grinding teeth are uniformly distributed on the outer cylindrical surface of the main grinding roller 35, and the secondary grinding roller 40 and the main grinding roller 35 are respectively sleeved on a main grinding roller shaft 36 and a secondary grinding roller shaft 39 in the inner cavity of a grinding box 38.
The mixing device is composed of a mixing box 8, a mixing power mechanism, a mixing stirring mechanism and a mixture discharging mechanism.
The mixing box 8 is a round hollow box body (the pre-crushing feeding motor 19 of the pre-crushing feeding device and the middle left part of the pre-crushing feeding groove 32 are arranged at the upper part of the pre-crushing feeding motor), and four supporting legs (comprising a pair of symmetrical mixing box mounting supporting legs 5 for mounting a mixture discharging mechanism and a pair of symmetrical mixing box supporting legs 48) are arranged at the lower part of the mixing box; a power isolation support plate 18 is arranged at the middle-upper part of the inner cavity of the mixing box, and a cavity formed by the power isolation support plate 18 and the inner top surface of the mixing box 8 is used for installing a mixing power mechanism; the discharging pipe 45 is obliquely arranged with a lower left end and a higher right end, and the left end and the right end of the discharging pipe are respectively communicated with the middle inner cavity of the mixing box 8 and the middle lower inner cavity of the crushing box 38.
The mixing power mechanism is composed of a mixing motor 28, a mixing motor bracket 41, a main transmission shaft 47, a main transmission gear 42, a secondary transmission shaft 27, a secondary transmission gear 20, a mixing motor shaft coupler 43, a main transmission bearing seat 46, a secondary transmission shaft upper bearing seat 26 and a secondary transmission shaft lower bearing seat 21.
The mixing motor bracket 41 is arranged on one side of the middle-upper part of a cavity formed by the power isolation supporting plate 18 and the inner top surface of the mixing box 8, and is provided with a mixing motor 28; the output shaft of the mixing motor 28 is connected with the upper end of a main transmission shaft 47 which is provided with a main transmission gear 42 in a penetrating way through a mixing motor shaft coupling 43, and the lower end of the main transmission shaft 47 penetrates through a main transmission bearing seat 46 which is arranged on the power isolation supporting plate 18 (the middle part and the right part) and then penetrates downwards into a lower inner cavity which is isolated by the power isolation supporting plate 18 in the mixing box 8; the upper end of the drive shaft 27 penetrates into a driven shaft upper bearing seat 26 arranged at the central part of the top surface of the inner cavity of the mixing box 8, wherein the upper part penetrates into a driven transmission gear 20 meshed with a main transmission gear 42, and the lower end penetrates through a driven shaft lower bearing seat 21 arranged on a power isolation support plate 18 (central part) and then penetrates downwards into a lower inner cavity isolated by the power isolation support plate 18 in the mixing box 8.
The mixing and stirring mechanism consists of a main mixing and stirring mechanism, an auxiliary mixing and stirring mechanism and a scraping component.
The mixing main stirring mechanism consists of a secondary transmission shaft 27 and more than two (six in the example) mixing main stirring rollers 12, and the mixing main stirring rollers 12 are horizontally arranged on the secondary transmission shaft 27; the two adjacent mixing main stirring rollers 12 can be on the same plane or different planes (including two planes perpendicular to each other or planes with a certain included angle).
The mixing auxiliary stirring mechanism consists of a mixing auxiliary stirring transmission component and a mixing auxiliary stirring component.
The mixing auxiliary stirring transmission component consists of a main transmission shaft 47, a mixing auxiliary stirring driving gear 3, a mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear 17, an internal gear upper pressing ring 16, an internal gear lower supporting ring 13, an upper ball 15 and a lower ball 14.
The mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear 17 is arranged on the upper inner cavity wall of the mixing box 8 below the power isolation supporting plate 18, and an internal gear upper pressing ring 16 and an internal gear lower backing ring 13 are respectively arranged on the upper part and the lower part of the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear; the upper surface and the lower surface of the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear 17 are respectively provided with a plurality of circular grooves for mounting the upper balls 15 and the lower balls 14, the lower surface of the upper pressing ring 16 of the internal gear and the upper surface of the lower backing ring 13 of the internal gear are respectively provided with a circular groove matched with the upper balls 15 and the lower balls 14, the upper pressing ring 16 of the internal gear, the upper balls 15 and the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear 17 form a plane bearing, and the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear 17, the lower balls 14 and the lower backing ring 13 of the internal gear form a plane bearing, so that the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear 17 can freely rotate. A mixing material auxiliary stirring driving gear 3 which is engaged with the internal gear lower backing ring 13 in a meshing manner is installed at the lower end of the main transmission shaft 47.
The mixing auxiliary stirring component consists of a mixing auxiliary stirring vertical rod 10 and more than two mixing auxiliary stirring transverse rods 11, wherein the mixing auxiliary stirring vertical rod 10 is vertically arranged below the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear 17, one end of each mixing auxiliary stirring transverse rod 11 is horizontally arranged on the mixing auxiliary stirring vertical rod 10, and the other end of each mixing auxiliary stirring transverse rod points to the center of the driven shaft 27; the mixing auxiliary stirring cross bars 11 and the mixing main stirring rollers 12 are arranged in a staggered manner.
The scraping component consists of a scraping rod 9 and a pair of scraping support rods 7, the scraping support rods 7 are respectively arranged at the upper part and the lower part of the outer side of the mixing auxiliary stirring vertical rod 10 (namely, close to the inner wall of the mixing box 8), and the upper part and the lower part of the scraping rod 9 are respectively connected with the upper part and the lower part of the scraping support rods 7.
Mixture shedding mechanism is by left mixture stripper 6, right mixture stripper 2, left electric telescopic handle 4 and right electric telescopic handle 1 constitute, the left side of the left side hinge dress of left side mixture stripper 6 is on the left side of 8 lower extremes of mixing box, the right hinge dress of right mixture stripper 2 is on the right of 8 lower extremes of mixing box, the upper end of left electric telescopic handle 4 and right electric telescopic handle 1 hinges respectively and adorns below left mixture stripper 6 and right mixture stripper 2, the lower extreme of left electric telescopic handle 4 and right electric telescopic handle 1 hinges respectively and adorns on mixing box erection bracing foot 5 of 8 lower parts of mixing box.
The pre-crushing feed motor 19, the mixing motor 28 and the crushing motor 50 are all speed reducing motors.
When the pre-crushing feeding reamer is used, the pre-crushing feeding motor 19, the mixing motor 28 and the crushing motor 50 are started firstly, the pre-crushing feeding motor 19 drives the pre-crushing feeding main shaft 30 to rotate, and then the pre-crushing feeding reamer 29 is driven to rotate; the grinding motor 50 drives the main grinding roller gear 51 and the auxiliary grinding roller gear 55 to rotate relatively, and further drives the main grinding drum 35 and the auxiliary grinding drum 40 to rotate relatively; the mixing motor 28 drives the main transmission shaft 47 and the main transmission gear 42 to rotate, and further drives the auxiliary transmission shaft 27 and the auxiliary transmission gear 20 to rotate relatively; the main transmission shaft 47 drives the mixing auxiliary stirring driving gear 3 to rotate, and further drives the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear 17 to rotate in the same direction.
Thereafter, the preliminarily mixed seedling substrate is fed from the hopper 25, and is introduced into the pre-pulverization feed chute 32, and is pushed toward the right end of the pre-pulverization feed chute 32 by the rotary pre-pulverization feed reamer 29. In the advancing process, the seedling substrate is further uniformly mixed on one hand, and is reamed and smashed by the pre-smashing feeding reamer 29 on the other hand, so that the primary smashing is achieved. When the seedling substrate is pushed to the right end of the pre-crushing feed chute 32, it then falls from the discharge port 33 at the bottom right side thereof into the feed port 34 at the upper side of the crushing box 38, further falls between the main crushing roller 35 and the sub-crushing roller 40, is crushed by the main crushing roller 35 and the sub-crushing roller 40 which rotate relatively, and further falls onto the catch chute 37 at the middle-lower portion in the crushing box 38. Since the collecting trough 37 is inclined with the height from the left low to the right high, the seedling substrate which is further crushed and falls on the collecting trough 37 flows from the right to the left to the discharging pipe 45 under the gravity and the vibration of the whole machine, and then flows into the middle of the inner cavity of the mixing box 8. At this time, the vertical mixing sub-agitation rod 10 installed vertically below the internal mixing sub-agitation gear 17 on the one hand is rotated reversely together with the scraping rod 9 (in the case of the internal mixing sub-agitation gear 17 rotated in the forward direction), and the seedling substrate dropped from the blanking pipe 45 is agitated toward the center of the mixing box 8, and further agitated and mixed by the horizontal mixing sub-agitation rod 11 and the main mixing agitation roller 12 rotated in the opposite direction, so that it is further mixed uniformly. Thereafter, the obtained seedling substrate which is further uniformly mixed and crushed falls onto the left mixture discharging plate 6 and the right mixture discharging plate 2 at the bottom of the inner cavity of the mixing box 8. When the seedling raising matrix that gathers on left mixture stripper 6 and right mixture stripper 2 reached certain volume or weight quantity, start left electric telescopic handle 4 and right electric telescopic handle 1, at this moment, electric telescopic handle 4 and right electric telescopic handle 1 return and contract, and left mixture stripper 6 and right mixture stripper 2 rotate downwards around the left and right of mixing box 8 bottom respectively to the seedling raising matrix that gathers on left mixture stripper 6 and right mixture stripper 2 is unloaded.
The utility model discloses a novel matrix rubbing crusher of growing seedlings can be used to the crushing and the mixture of all kinds of matrix of growing seedlings.

Claims (5)

1. A novel seedling substrate pulverizer comprises a pre-pulverizing feeding device, a pulverizing device and a mixing device, wherein the pulverizing device and the mixing device are arranged side by side and are connected through a discharging pipe (45), and the pre-pulverizing feeding device is arranged at the upper parts of the pulverizing device and the mixing device; the method is characterized in that: the mixing device comprises a mixing box (8), a mixing power mechanism, a mixing stirring mechanism and a mixture discharging mechanism;
the mixing box (8) is a circular hollow box body, and the lower part of the mixing box is provided with more than four supporting legs; a power isolation supporting plate (18) is arranged at the middle-upper part of the inner cavity of the power isolation supporting plate; two ends of the blanking pipe (45) are respectively communicated with the mixing box (8) and the crushing device;
the mixing power mechanism is arranged in an upper inner cavity isolated by a power isolation support plate (18) in the mixing box (8) and comprises a mixing motor (28), a mixing motor bracket (41), a main transmission shaft (47), a main transmission gear (42), a slave transmission shaft (27) and a slave transmission gear (20); the mixing motor bracket (41) is arranged on one side of the middle-upper part of the upper inner cavity, and a mixing motor (28) is arranged on the mixing motor bracket; an output shaft of the mixing motor (28) is connected with the upper end of a main transmission shaft (47) which is provided with a main transmission gear (42) in a penetrating way through a mixing motor shaft coupling (43), and the lower end of the main transmission shaft (47) penetrates through a main transmission bearing seat (46) arranged on the power isolation supporting plate (18) and then penetrates downwards into a lower inner cavity isolated by the power isolation supporting plate (18) in the mixing box (8); the upper end of the secondary transmission shaft (27) penetrates into a secondary transmission shaft upper bearing seat (26) arranged at the center of the top surface of the inner cavity of the mixing box (8), wherein the upper part of the secondary transmission shaft is penetrated with a secondary transmission gear (20) engaged with the main transmission gear (42), and the lower end of the secondary transmission shaft lower bearing seat penetrates into a secondary transmission shaft lower bearing seat (21) arranged on the power isolation supporting plate (18) and then penetrates into a lower inner cavity isolated by the power isolation supporting plate (18) in the mixing box (8);
the mixing stirring mechanism comprises a main mixing stirring mechanism and an auxiliary mixing stirring mechanism, wherein the main mixing stirring mechanism comprises a secondary transmission shaft (27) and more than two main mixing stirring rollers (12) which are horizontally and symmetrically arranged on the secondary transmission shaft (27); the mixing auxiliary stirring mechanism comprises a mixing auxiliary stirring transmission component and a mixing auxiliary stirring component, wherein the mixing auxiliary stirring transmission component comprises a main transmission shaft (47), a mixing auxiliary stirring driving gear (3), a mixing auxiliary stirring inner gear (17), an inner gear upper pressing ring (16) and an inner gear lower supporting ring (13); the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear (17) is arranged on the wall of an inner cavity at the upper part of the mixing box (8) below the power isolation supporting plate (18), and an internal gear upper pressing ring (16) and an internal gear lower supporting ring (13) are respectively arranged at the upper part and the lower part of the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear; circular grooves for installing upper balls (15) and lower balls (14) are respectively formed in the upper surface and the lower surface of the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear (17), and circular grooves matched with the upper balls (15) and the lower balls (14) are respectively formed in the lower surface of an upper pressing ring (16) of the internal gear and the upper surface of a lower supporting ring (13) of the internal gear; a mixing auxiliary stirring driving gear (3) which is internally meshed with the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear (17) is arranged at the lower end of the main transmission shaft (47); the mixing auxiliary stirring assembly comprises a mixing auxiliary stirring vertical rod (10) vertically arranged below the mixing auxiliary stirring internal gear (17) and more than two mixing auxiliary stirring transverse rods (11) horizontally arranged on the inner side of the mixing auxiliary stirring vertical rod (10), and the mixing auxiliary stirring transverse rods (11) are staggered with the mixing main stirring roller (12);
the mixture shedding mechanism comprises a left mixture shedding plate (6) hinged on the left of the lower end of the mixing box (8), and a right mixture shedding plate (2), a left electric telescopic rod (4) and a right electric telescopic rod (1) hinged on the right of the lower end of the mixing box (8), wherein the upper ends of the left electric telescopic rod (4) and the right electric telescopic rod (1) are hinged below the left mixture shedding plate (6) and the right mixture shedding plate (2), and the lower ends of the left electric telescopic rod (4) and the right electric telescopic rod (1) are hinged on the mounting supporting legs (5) of the mixing box on the lower part of the mixing box (8).
2. The novel seedling substrate pulverizer of claim 1, characterized in that: the compounding is assisted and is stirred the outside of montant (10) and still be provided with by scraping material pole (9) and a pair of scraping the material subassembly of scraping that material bracing piece (7) constitutes, scrape material bracing piece (7) and install respectively at the compounding and assist and stir the upper and lower position in montant (10) outside, scrape the upper and lower part of material pole (9) and connect respectively and scrape the outside end of material bracing piece (7).
3. A novel seedling substrate pulverizer as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the grinding device comprises a grinding box (38), a grinding power mechanism and a grinding mechanism;
the crushing box (38) is a hollow box body, and a feeding hole (34) is formed in the upper surface of the crushing box; a material collecting groove (37) with a lower left end and a higher right end is arranged in the inner cavity of the feeding device, and the left end of the material collecting groove (37) is communicated with the right end of the discharging pipe (45); more than three grinding box supporting legs (44) are arranged at the lower part of the crushing box;
the grinding power mechanism comprises a grinding motor (50), a grinding motor bracket (49), a main grinding roller shaft (36), a main grinding roller gear (51), a secondary grinding roller shaft (39) and a secondary grinding roller gear (55); the grinding motor bracket (49) is arranged on the rear side surface of the grinding box (38), and a grinding motor (50) is arranged on the grinding motor bracket; the main grinding roll shaft (36) is arranged at the middle-upper right part of the grinding box (38) in a penetrating way in the front-back direction, the front end of the main grinding roll shaft penetrates out of the front part of the grinding box (38) and then penetrates into a front bearing seat (53) of the main grinding roll, the rear end of the main grinding roll shaft penetrates out of the rear part of the grinding box (38) and then penetrates out of a rear bearing seat (54) of the main grinding roll and then is provided with a main grinding roll gear (51) in a penetrating way, and then the main grinding roll gear is connected with an output shaft of a grinding; the secondary grinding roll shaft (39) is arranged at the left middle-upper part of the grinding box (38) in a penetrating way in the front-back direction, the front end of the secondary grinding roll shaft penetrates out of the front part of the grinding box (38) and then penetrates into a secondary grinding roll front bearing seat, the rear end of the secondary grinding roll shaft penetrates out of the rear part of the grinding box (38) and then penetrates out of a secondary grinding roll rear bearing seat and then is arranged with a secondary grinding roll gear (55) meshed with the main grinding roll gear (51);
the grinding mechanism comprises a main grinding roller (35) and a secondary grinding roller (40), and the main grinding roller (35) and the secondary grinding roller (40) are respectively sleeved on a main grinding roller shaft (36) and a secondary grinding roller shaft (39) in the inner cavity of a grinding box (38).
4. A novel seedling substrate pulverizer as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that: grinding teeth are uniformly distributed on the outer cylindrical surfaces of the main grinding roller (35) and the auxiliary grinding roller (40).
5. The novel seedling substrate pulverizer of claim 4, characterized in that: the pre-crushing feeding device comprises a pre-crushing feeding motor (19), a pre-crushing feeding groove (32), a pre-crushing feeding main shaft (30), a pre-crushing feeding reamer (29) and a pre-crushing feeding groove cover (24); the pre-crushing feeding motor (19) is arranged on the left side of the upper surface of the mixing box (8); the section of the pre-crushing feed chute (32) is semicircular up and down, and is arranged on the right side of the upper surface of the mixing box (8) and the left side of the upper surface of the crushing box (38), and a discharge hole (33) is arranged at the bottom surface of the right part of the pre-crushing feed chute corresponding to the feed hole (34); a spiral pre-crushing feeding reamer (29) is sleeved on a pre-crushing feeding main shaft (30), the pre-crushing feeding main shaft (30) is installed in the inner cavity of a pre-crushing feeding groove (32), and the left end of the pre-crushing feeding main shaft penetrates out of the pre-crushing feeding groove (32) leftwards, then penetrates out of a pre-crushing feeding main shaft left bearing seat (23) and then is connected with an output shaft of a pre-crushing feeding motor (19) through a pre-crushing feeding motor shaft coupling (22); the right end of the pre-crushing feeding main shaft (30) penetrates out of a pre-crushing feeding groove (32) rightwards and then penetrates into a right bearing seat (31) of the pre-crushing feeding main shaft; the pre-crushing feed chute cover (24) is arranged at the upper part of the pre-crushing feed chute (32), a premix feed inlet is also arranged at the left middle part of the pre-crushing feed chute cover, and a feed hopper (25) is arranged on the premix feed inlet.
CN201921941338.1U 2019-11-11 2019-11-11 Novel seedling substrate pulverizer Active CN211329754U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921941338.1U CN211329754U (en) 2019-11-11 2019-11-11 Novel seedling substrate pulverizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921941338.1U CN211329754U (en) 2019-11-11 2019-11-11 Novel seedling substrate pulverizer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211329754U true CN211329754U (en) 2020-08-25

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921941338.1U Active CN211329754U (en) 2019-11-11 2019-11-11 Novel seedling substrate pulverizer

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112774549A (en) * 2020-12-17 2021-05-11 贵州金农富平生态农牧科技有限公司 Device for preparing organic fertilizer by using breeding waste
CN113519348A (en) * 2021-07-20 2021-10-22 百色学院 Method and device for cultivating pleurotus geesteranus by using culture medium containing sunflower discs

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112774549A (en) * 2020-12-17 2021-05-11 贵州金农富平生态农牧科技有限公司 Device for preparing organic fertilizer by using breeding waste
CN113519348A (en) * 2021-07-20 2021-10-22 百色学院 Method and device for cultivating pleurotus geesteranus by using culture medium containing sunflower discs
CN113519348B (en) * 2021-07-20 2024-03-29 百色学院 Method and device for cultivating pleurotus geesteranus by using sunflower-disc-containing culture medium

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