CN211241202U - Three-dimensional co-culture device for seawater-resistant vegetables and aquatic animals - Google Patents

Three-dimensional co-culture device for seawater-resistant vegetables and aquatic animals Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211241202U
CN211241202U CN201922090818.8U CN201922090818U CN211241202U CN 211241202 U CN211241202 U CN 211241202U CN 201922090818 U CN201922090818 U CN 201922090818U CN 211241202 U CN211241202 U CN 211241202U
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layer
water
planting
plant
culture
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付娆
张海洋
梁晓艳
乔鹏
顾寅钰
衣葵花
王向誉
郭洪恩
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Shandong Sericultural Research Institute
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Shandong Sericultural Research Institute
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of seawater facility planting and breeding combination, in particular to a three-dimensional co-breeding device for seawater-resistant vegetables and aquatic animals, which comprises a breeding barrel and a planting frame; plant the top of frame and be equipped with the nitration layer, the centre is equipped with plants the layer, the lower part is equipped with the water quality monitoring layer, the nitration layer, plant layer and water quality monitoring layer and pass through the pipeline intercommunication, breed the bucket, it still is equipped with the fish manure fermenter to plant between the frame, eutrophic tail water among the farming system supplies to the fish manure fermenter and subsides and anaerobic fermentation, supply to the top again and utilize nitrobacteria to convert ammonia nitrogen into nitrate, siphon device supplies to the centre and plants the layer and supply the plant to use, utilize plant roots to realize the water purification to breeding tail water, the water after the purification is carried back to the breed case under water quality monitoring device's monitoring, the aquatic livestock and the resistant sea water vegetables intergrowth ecosystem that this device found, more save space resources, realize the sustainable cyclic utilization of the seed of breeding dish sea water resource.

Description

Three-dimensional co-culture device for seawater-resistant vegetables and aquatic animals
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a sea water facility planting and breeding combines technical field, specifically is a three-dimensional device of supporting altogether of resistant sea water vegetables and aquatic livestock.
Background
In recent years, with the rapid development of the mariculture industry, the culture scale is continuously enlarged, the self-pollution problem of culture areas is increasingly revealed, and the facility factory culture is used as a high-density and high-bait-casting artificial culture ecosystem, so that high-yield aquatic products are obtained, and simultaneously, wastes, residual baits, metabolism, excrement and the like output by the culture ecosystem are discharged in large quantity, and the system becomes one of main pollution sources causing the environmental problem of sea areas. How to reduce the self pollution caused by mariculture and the damage to the ecological environment becomes a problem which is paid more and more attention to by people, and scholars at home and abroad have proposed a plurality of ways for solving the problem, wherein one important way is to optimize a culture structure, implement comprehensive culture and develop an ecological culture technology. At present, the main comprehensive culture modes comprise fish and algae polyculture, fish and shellfish polyculture, fish and benthic predatory animals polyculture and the like internationally. We strive to establish an efficient, reasonable and scientific artificial mariculture ecosystem, control the energy circulation and the material exchange in the artificial mariculture ecosystem to the maximum extent, fundamentally solve the pollution problem of seawater industrial culture, make mariculture accord with the basic requirements of resource conservation and environmental protection, and walk on a healthy road of sustainable development.
Present patent CN207083741U discloses a hydroponic device that fish and vegetable were supported altogether, including the support, three transparent material's water storage basin and jar, three water storage basin sets up on the support from top to bottom in proper order, leads to pipe between the three water storage basin and connects gradually, and a bottom water storage basin leads to pipe and connects with the jar, and the jar leads to pipe and a water storage basin connection of the top, is provided with the cultivation layer board in the three water storage basin, each be provided with the cultivation dish on the cultivation layer board, above-mentioned fish and vegetable support the device altogether and can realize supporting together of fish and vegetable system to a certain extent, but to large-scale mariculture industry, fish excrement and feed residue that the fish produced are more, and complete processing can not be realized to miniature fish and vegetable support the device altogether and system, is not suitable for multiple vegetable growth, needs better perfect system to realize large-scale seawater fish and vegetable support the ecological balance of system altogether.
Disclosure of Invention
The utility model aims at providing a three-dimensional device of raising together of resistant sea water vegetables and aquatic livestock is provided, the problem that prior art exists is solved, subside the fermentation vat to breeding the tail water through fish excrement and subside the fermentation and form natural pond liquid and form nitrate solution through the filtration processing of nitration layer and supply the plant to absorb, a plurality of growth habits of planting different vegetables of layer adaptation, water after plant roots absorption filtration adjusts quality of water salinity through water quality monitoring instrument in addition and supplies fish to grow, this kind of device is in order to realize the mode of production of mariculture and planting combination, utilize the photosynthesis of plant, absorb biogenic factors such as C, N, P in the aquaculture water, reduce its eutrophication degree, a certain amount of sea water vegetables product of results in obtaining, realize aquaculture water ecosystem's bioremediation and natural purification.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme: a three-dimensional co-culture device for seawater-resistant vegetables and aquatic animals comprises a culture barrel, wherein a first water suction pump, a fish manure sedimentation fermentation barrel and a planting frame are arranged in the culture barrel, and a plurality of universal wheels are mounted at the bottom of the planting frame; plant and be equipped with the full aluminium capillary groove on the frame, from the top down is nitrification layer, plants layer and water quality monitoring layer in proper order, the planting layer include first planting layer, the layer is planted to the second, the layer is planted to the third kind, link to each other from top to bottom through siphon device and overflow pipe between and respectively laid the one deck and filter the cotton in each layer bottom, water quality monitoring layer is connected with breeding the bucket, its inside suction pump two that still installs, breeding bucket and fish dung subsides the fermenter and plant frame one side and communicate with planting frame in proper order through suction pump one and water pipe, breed the tail water and reach fish dung through the extraction of suction pump two and subside the fermenter, solid large granule such as fish dung and fodder residue subside in the fish dung subsides the fermenter subsides and anaerobic fermentation, fermentation liquid and the tail water that does not contain solid large granule are supplied to the nitrification layer.
Further, the nitration layer separated into the nitration district of three series connection by the baffle, the nitration layer is including the first nitration district, second nitration district and the third nitration district of series connection, be equipped with filter pulp and super little glass ring filter media in the first nitration district, be equipped with filter pulp and biological filter media in second nitration district and the third nitration district, the third nitration district links to each other with the first planting layer of lower floor through siphon device, overflow pipe, is equipped with the multiple biochemical filter media that is used for cultivateing nitrobacteria, adsorbs harmful heavy metal and regulation and control quality of water, is equipped with the filter pulp that carries out physical filtration, and filter pulp is located below the biological filter media, adnexed nitrosobacteria decomposes into nitrite to the ammonia nitrogen in the aquatic in the biological filter media, then is decomposed into nitrate by nitrobacteria, and nitrate can directly be utilized as nutrient absorption by the plant. The filter cotton mainly plays a role in filtering and removing impurities in water, the nitrification layer filter box is also internally provided with oxygen-increasing air stones, so that beneficial nitrifying bacteria can be bred, ammonia nitrogen in the aquaculture tail water can be changed into nitrite, and the nitrite can be further changed into nitrate for plants to absorb and utilize.
Further, it is equipped with the three-layer altogether to plant the layer, and every layer respectively is equipped with a medium to satisfy the requirement of different vegetables growth habits, plant light filling lamp is all installed on every layer upper portion, in order to satisfy the photosynthetic demand of plant, first planting layer medium be the pearlite, with the direct field planting of non-woven bag, the layer medium is planted to the second, with field planting basket and sponge field planting, the third is planted the layer and is the water planting layer, the field planting board is directly placed on planting the groove, be equipped with a plurality of diameters on the field planting board and be 5 cm's planting groove.
Furthermore, the third planting layer is connected with the water quality monitoring layer through a siphon device, an ultraviolet sterilization device and an overflow pipe, the water quality monitoring layer is provided with a monitoring probe, the monitoring probe is usually a salinity meter, generally comprises a sensor, a measuring circuit and a data processing device and is connected to an external water quality monitor, the water quality monitor controls a seawater water supply system and a fresh water supply system, the ultraviolet sterilization device is arranged between the third planting layer and the water quality monitoring layer, when the water level of the water quality monitoring layer is lower than a set value or the salinity of the water quality monitoring layer is higher than the set value, a float valve of the fresh water inlet pipe is opened, and water lost due to daily evaporation is supplied to the water quality monitoring layer; when the salinity of the water quality monitoring layer is lower than a set value, the float valve of the seawater inlet pipe is opened, and the salinity and the water which are lost due to plant absorption are supplemented into the water quality monitoring layer.
Preferably, the caliber of the water outlet of the fish manure settling fermentation barrel is larger than that of the water inlet, the flow rate of water is reduced, settling of solid particles such as fish manure and feed residues is facilitated, a filtering hairbrush is arranged in the barrel, and a filter screen is arranged at the water outlet to prevent the solid particles which are not settled from entering a nitrification layer.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1. the utility model relates to a three-dimensional co-culture device for seawater-resistant vegetables and aquatic animals, which provides a recycling mode of seawater resources, combines a seawater culture system and a seawater-resistant vegetable planting system together, and saves more space resources compared with the traditional single culture and planting; meanwhile, the culture tail water is physically filtered and biologically filtered through the water pump, and is subjected to microbial nitrification, the culture tail water is introduced into the planting system, plants in the planting system absorb C, N, P and other nutrient elements in the culture tail water, and the water body is recycled into the culture system after being absorbed and utilized by plant root systems and sterilized by the ultraviolet sterilization device. The ecological relationship established by the plants, the microorganisms and the fishes realizes the sustainable recycling of seawater resources of fish-raising vegetables and seeds, realizes the ecological symbiotic relationship that the fish-raising vegetables and seeds grow normally without water worry and fertilizer application, achieves a harmonious ecological balance relationship between the fishes and the vegetables, and solves the problems of single agricultural structure dispersion, simple and extensive operation mode, water resource waste and the like in the traditional agriculture while increasing the yield.
2. The culture tail water of the utility model is supplied to the fish manure sedimentation fermentation barrel, so that the large solid particles such as fish manure, feed residue and the like in the culture tail water are effectively sedimentated, and after sedimentation and anaerobic fermentation processes are completed, biogas slurry and tail water without the large solid particles are supplied to a nitration layer; the nitrification layer is provided with a physical filter material and a biological filter material, the water quality is further filtered and purified, and the nitrifying bacteria actively growing at the position decompose toxic ammonia nitrogen in the water body into nitrite and further into nitrate; the water containing nitrate is supplied to the planting layer so as to be absorbed and utilized by plant roots, the water absorbed and purified by the plant roots flows to the water quality monitoring layer after being sterilized by a siphoning action and an ultraviolet sterilization device, and the water body of the water quality monitoring layer is supplied to the culture area to form circulation under the monitoring of the water quality monitor. The ultraviolet sterilization device arranged between the planting area and the water quality monitoring area can effectively kill pathogenic bacteria, bacteria and the like in water, and the number of pathogenic bacteria in water body flowing back to the culture area in the planting area can be reduced to the maximum extent.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
Figure 1 is a schematic structural view of the present embodiment,
FIG. 2 is a top view of the nitrified layer of this example.
In the figure: 1-culture barrel, 2-water pump I, 3-fish dung sedimentation fermentation barrel, 4-planting frame, 5-nitration layer, 6-first planting layer, 7-second planting layer, 8-third planting layer, 9-water quality monitoring layer, 10-monitoring probe, 11-water quality monitor, 12-seawater water supply system, 13-fresh water supply system, 14-ultraviolet sterilization device, 15-water pump II, 16-baffle, 17-first nitration zone, 18-second nitration zone, 19-third nitration zone, 20-siphon device, 21-overflow pipe, 22-nonwoven cloth bag, 23-submerged ceramsite, 24-planting plate, 25-planting tank, 26-filter cotton, 27-plant light supplement lamp, 28-plants, 29-oxygen increasing air bubble stones, 30-oxygen increasing pumps, 31-water inlets, 32-water outlets, 33-filtering brushes, 34-recycling ports and 35-universal wheels.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments.
Referring to figures 1-2 of the drawings,
the utility model provides a pair of embodiment: the utility model provides a three-dimensional device of raising altogether of resistant sea water vegetables and aquatic livestock, the structure is shown in figure 1, including breeding bucket 1, suction pump 2 is placed breed in the bucket 1, still include fish excrement and subside fermenter 3, plant frame 4, plant 4 bottoms of frame and install a plurality of universal wheels 35. Plant frame 4 and be equipped with 5 layers altogether, the top is for nitrifying layer 5, and the middle layer of planting is planted including first planting layer 6, and layer 7 is planted to the second, and layer 8 is planted to the third, and the bottom is water quality monitoring layer 9, wherein all connect gradually through siphon device 20 and overflow pipe 21 between nitrification layer 5 and the planting layer and between planting layer bottom and the water quality monitoring layer 9. An ultraviolet sterilization device 14 is arranged between the third planting layer 8 and the water quality monitoring layer 9, has a sterilization function, effectively kills bacteria in water, reduces the generation of pathogenic bacteria, decomposes harmful substances in water, reduces odor, and removes green moss, thereby improving water quality. Still be equipped with monitoring probe 10 in the water quality monitoring layer 9, be connected to outside water quality monitoring appearance 11, water quality monitoring layer 9 still installs suction pump two 15, and during the use, water in water quality monitoring layer 9 is sent into breed bucket 1 to suction pump two 15. Therefore, water circulation among the culture barrel 1, the fish manure sedimentation fermentation barrel 3 and the planting frame 4 provides power through the first water suction pump 2 and the second water suction pump 15.
As shown in figure 2, the nitrification layer 5 is divided into three nitrification zones connected in series by a partition 16, and the first nitrification zone 17 is provided with filter cotton 26 and an ultrafine glass ring filter material to remove harmful heavy metal elements in water, provide a residence for beneficial nitrifying bacteria, stabilize water quality and filter water. The second nitrification region 18 and the third nitrification region 19 are provided with filter cotton 26 and biological filter material, which comprises volcanic rock (culturing nitrifying bacteria to decompose harmful ammonia nitrogen in water), medical stone (adsorbing metal ions, ammonia nitrogen and harmful bacteria in water for water filtration and water quality regulation), filter activated carbon (containing a large number of micropores, removing chromaticity, harmful heavy metals and the like), coral bone (strong in hydrophilicity, adsorbing food residues and excrement, and regulating water PH) and bacteria house (culturing nitrifying bacteria to decompose the excrement and residual feed of fish, removing chlorine and heavy metals in water and preventing algae from breeding), and the biological filter material is mainly used for culturing nitrosation and nitrifying bacteria, so that NO generated in water2 -And NH4 +Converted into NO which can be absorbed and utilized by plants3 -
As shown in fig. 1, the planting layer is provided with 3 layers, each layer is suitable for different cultivation modes, and the medium of the first planting layer 6 is perlite bagged by a non-woven bag 22; the medium of the second planting layer 7 is the submerged ceramsite 23, and the plants are planted by using a planting basket and sponge 28; layer 8 is planted to the third is the water planting layer, and field planting board 24 directly places on planting groove 25, be equipped with a plurality of diameters on the field planting board and be 5 cm's planting groove 25, can directly place the field planting basket. The three planting layers are connected up and down through a siphon device 20 and an overflow pipe 21. A layer of filter cotton 26 is respectively paved at the bottom of the first planting layer 6 and the second planting layer 7. The top of the three planting layers is respectively provided with a plant light supplement lamp 27, so that the photosynthesis of the plants 28 is ensured.
As shown in figure 1, the lower part of the planting frame 4 is provided with a water quality monitoring layer 9, a monitoring probe 10 is arranged in the planting frame, the planting frame is connected with an external water quality monitor 11, and parameters such as turbidity, salinity, PH, COD, dissolved oxygen and the like of the water body are monitored in real time. The water quality monitor 11 controls the seawater water supply system 12 and the fresh water supply system 13, and timely supplies water lost due to daily evaporation and plant absorption and utilization by monitoring the salinity value and the water surface height of the water body.
As shown in figure 1, a water suction pump I2 and an oxygen increasing air bubble stone 29 are arranged in the culture barrel 1, an oxygen increasing pump 30 is arranged outside the culture barrel, excrement of fish, residual feed and culture tail water are supplied to the fish manure settling fermentation barrel 3 through the water suction pump, the diameter of a water outlet 32 of the fish manure settling fermentation barrel 3 is larger than that of a water inlet 31, the flow rate of water is reduced, the fish manure and the residual feed settle to the barrel bottom, and meanwhile, a filtering brush 33 is arranged inside the fish manure settling fermentation barrel 3, so that the fish manure and the residual feed are also favorably settled. The fish manure, the residual feed and macromolecular insoluble organic matters in the water body are converted into micromolecular dissolved organic matters through anaerobic fermentation under the action of fermentation bacteria and the like, the fermented solid residues are recovered through a recovery port 34 arranged on the fish manure settling fermentation barrel 3 and can be used for plant matrix cultivation, and biogas slurry containing the micromolecular dissolved organic matters is supplied to the nitrification layer 5.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to details of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but that it can be implemented in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the invention. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Claims (8)

1. A three-dimensional co-culture device for seawater-resistant vegetables and aquatic animals is characterized in that: including breeding bucket (1), the suction pump (2), the fish manure settlement fermenter (3) of establishing in breeding bucket (1) and planting frame (4), plant and be equipped with nitration layer (5), plant layer and water quality monitoring layer (9) by last to being equipped with in proper order under to on frame (4), the planting layer include by last to under loop through siphon device (20) and overflow pipe (21) the series connection first plant layer (6), layer (7) are planted to the second, layer (8) are planted to the third, layer (7) are planted to first planting layer (6), second, the bottom that layer (8) were planted to the third respectively has laid one deck filter pulp (26), be equipped with suction pump two (15) in water quality monitoring layer (9), suction pump two (15) are connected through pipeline and breeding bucket (1).
2. The device of claim 1, wherein the seawater-resistant vegetable and aquatic animal three-dimensional co-culture device comprises: nitration layer (5) separated into the nitration district of three series connection by baffle (16), nitration layer (5) are equipped with filter pulp and super little glass ring filter media including first nitration district (17), second nitration district (18) and third nitration district (19) of series connection, be equipped with filter pulp (26) and biological filter media in second nitration district (18) and third nitration district (19), third nitration district (19) link to each other with the first layer of planting (6) of lower floor through siphon device (20), overflow pipe (21).
3. The device of claim 2, wherein the seawater-resistant three-dimensional co-culture of vegetables and aquatic animals comprises: first planting layer (6) inside be equipped with the pearlite, with non-woven bag (22) field planting plant (28) on the pearlite, the second is planted layer (7) inside and is equipped with heavy water ceramsite (23), heavy water ceramsite (23) on with field planting basket or sponge field planting plant (28), the third is planted layer (8) inside and is the water planting layer, the third plant layer (8) inside and be equipped with field planting board (24), be equipped with a plurality of planting grooves (25) on field planting board (24).
4. The device of claim 3, wherein the seawater-resistant three-dimensional co-culture of vegetables and aquatic animals comprises: the top of the first planting layer (6), the second planting layer (7) and the third planting layer (8) is provided with a plant light supplement lamp (27).
5. The device of claim 4, wherein the seawater-resistant three-dimensional co-culture of vegetables and aquatic animals comprises: the third plant layer (8) and water quality monitoring layer (9) between link to each other through siphon device (20), overflow pipe (21), water quality monitoring layer (9) are equipped with monitoring probe (10), monitoring probe (10) be connected to outside water quality monitoring instrument (11), water quality monitoring instrument (11) control sea water moisture supply system (12) and fresh water moisture supply system (13), the third plant and be equipped with ultraviolet sterilizing equipment (14) between layer (8) and water quality monitoring layer (9).
6. The device of claim 5, wherein the seawater-resistant three-dimensional co-culture of vegetables and aquatic animals comprises: breed bucket (1) in be equipped with suction pump (2) and oxygenation bubble stone (29), oxygenation pump (30) oxygen suppliment through the peripheral hardware, fish excrement subside and be equipped with on fermenter (3) and retrieve mouth (34), oxygenation pump (30) still be connected with nitration layer (5).
7. The device of claim 6, wherein the seawater-resistant three-dimensional co-culture of vegetables and aquatic animals comprises: the caliber of a water outlet (32) of the fish manure sedimentation fermentation barrel (3) is larger than that of a water inlet (31), a filtering brush (33) is arranged in the fish manure sedimentation fermentation barrel, and a filter screen is further arranged at the water outlet (32).
8. The device of claim 1, wherein the seawater-resistant three-dimensional co-culture of vegetables and aquatic animals comprises: a plurality of universal wheels (35) are installed at the bottom of the planting frame (4).
CN201922090818.8U 2019-11-28 2019-11-28 Three-dimensional co-culture device for seawater-resistant vegetables and aquatic animals Active CN211241202U (en)

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CN201922090818.8U CN211241202U (en) 2019-11-28 2019-11-28 Three-dimensional co-culture device for seawater-resistant vegetables and aquatic animals

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922090818.8U CN211241202U (en) 2019-11-28 2019-11-28 Three-dimensional co-culture device for seawater-resistant vegetables and aquatic animals

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