CN211141657U - Bionic type high-efficiency water purification ecological floating island - Google Patents

Bionic type high-efficiency water purification ecological floating island Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211141657U
CN211141657U CN201922065949.0U CN201922065949U CN211141657U CN 211141657 U CN211141657 U CN 211141657U CN 201922065949 U CN201922065949 U CN 201922065949U CN 211141657 U CN211141657 U CN 211141657U
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floating body
planting
combined
floating
net
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钟远标
张文波
赵国辉
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Suzhou Suchuang Environment Technology Development Co ltd
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Suzhou Suchuang Environment Technology Development Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a bionic high-efficiency water-purifying ecological floating island, which comprises a plurality of floating plates, wherein the floating plates can be spliced to form a combined floating body, a plurality of planting holes are formed in the combined floating body, planting baskets are arranged in the planting holes, the planting baskets plant first aquatic plants, and a plurality of openings are formed in the annular side wall and the bottom of each planting basket; the upper surface of the combined floating body is provided with a simulated turf which is detachably connected with the combined floating body; the side wall of the combined floating body is provided with a blocking and protecting net which is detachably connected with the combined floating body, the blocking and protecting net is of a hollow net structure and is made of nylon materials; the outside border of combination body and guardrail net is equipped with a plurality of fixed pipes, connects through the connector head between every two adjacent fixed pipes, and fixed pipe is made by the plastics material. The utility model provides an ecological chinampa of high-efficient water purification of bionical type has ecological water purification effect and view effect concurrently, and unrestrained effectual of anti-wind, aquatic plant growth are smooth and easy, and the microorganism hanging membrane is better, and life is longer, improves life.

Description

Bionic type high-efficiency water purification ecological floating island
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a water environment comprehensive treatment field especially relates to a ecological chinampa of high-efficient water purification of bionical type.
Background
The ecological floating island is a floating artificial wetland aiming at water eutrophication and achieving the water quality purification effect by utilizing the principle of the artificial wetland, and plants which can adapt to the aquatic environment are mainly planted on a natural or artificial floatable carrier. The ecological floating island is commonly used in water bodies which are not suitable for or can not be used for planting aquatic plants, such as urban hard revetment riverways, hard riverbed riverways, river and lake water depth areas, black and odorous water bodies and the like, and is widely applied by providing a platform for growing the aquatic plants. The mechanism of purifying water quality by the ecological floating island mainly comprises: firstly, through the growth and development of plants, substances such as nitrogen, phosphorus and the like in the water body are absorbed and removed, and then nutrient-rich substances assimilated in the plants are removed out of the water body through the harvesting of the plants; and secondly, the water quality is improved by reducing pollutants through the decomposition, absorption, assimilation and the like of the biological membrane attached to the ecological floating island material, particularly the plant root system.
At present, the ecological floating island has many error regions or improper utilization, the original ecological floating island is changed into non-ecological, for example, ① for improving efficiency, sponges are used as a plant planting substrate, the density of the sponges is light, plants are difficult to fix, the phenomenon that the plants fall down often occurs, plant growth is affected, ② for improving efficiency or reducing cost, soil is used as the plant planting substrate, even when the plants grow seedlings, the plants are planted in a certain size planting basket by soil, the planting basket is directly placed in a floating plate planting frame during construction, the essence of water quality purification of the plants is contradicted due to the fact that the soil contains various nutrition factors of plant growth, most of nutrients absorbed and assimilated by the aquatic plants in the growing process are from the common soil, less nutrients are absorbed by the nutrients in the water body, the effect of water quality purification cannot be achieved, on the contrary, the added soil dissolves out various nutrients, water can promote water eutrophication, ③ planting blue is selected from the surrounding closed plants on gardens, the ecological floating blue island, the bottom surface of the water is used as a plain landscape, the ecological floating island, the ecological water quality is changed into a plain landscape, the ecological floating island, the ecological water-saving effect of the ecological plant growth-retaining net is not reasonable, the ecological plant growth-saving ecological plant-growing ecological floating-growing ecological-retaining landscape-growing ecological-retaining landscape-retaining-planting-retaining landscape-planting landscape-land-planting-land-planting-land-water-land-water-land-.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve the problem that exists among the prior art, the utility model provides a have the ecological chinampa of high-efficient water purification of bionical type of water purification and view effect concurrently, technical scheme is as follows:
the utility model provides a bionic high-efficiency water-purifying ecological floating island, which comprises a plurality of floating plates which can be spliced to form a combined floating body, wherein a plurality of planting holes are formed on the combined floating body, planting baskets are arranged in the planting holes, each planting basket is provided with a space for planting first aquatic plants, each planting basket is provided with an annular side wall and a bottom connected with the annular side wall, the annular side wall and the bottom are both provided with a plurality of open holes, and the upper part of each planting basket is of an open structure; the upper surface of the combined floating body is provided with a simulated turf, and the simulated turf is detachably connected with the combined floating body; the side wall of the combined floating body is provided with a blocking net which is detachably connected with the combined floating body, the blocking net is of a hollow net structure, and the blocking net is made of nylon materials; the combined floating body and the blocking net are arranged on the outer side edge of the combined floating body and the blocking net, every two adjacent fixed pipes are connected through a connecting pipe head, and the fixed pipes are made of plastic materials.
Furthermore, the artificial turf is detachably connected with the combined floating body through a binding belt, and the blocking net is detachably connected with the combined floating body through the binding belt.
Further, the plurality of floating plates are connected through a plurality of connecting buckles.
Further, the connector link includes connecting portion, be provided with the fixed part that two intervals set up on the connecting portion, the fixed part sets up with connecting portion are vertical, the side of kickboard be provided with fixed part complex mounting hole.
Further, a plurality of meshes are arranged on the blocking and protecting net, and second aquatic plants are planted in the meshes.
Furthermore, a filler is arranged in the planting basket, and the filler is ceramsite or zeolite.
Further, the connector head has integrated into one piece's first tip, arc flexion and second tip, the extending direction of first tip and the extending direction of second tip keep predetermined contained angle.
Further, the extending direction of the first end part and the extending direction of the second end part form an included angle of 90 degrees with each other.
Further, the fixing tube is made of HDPE or PPR.
Further, the floating plate is of a square structure with a hollow structure.
The utility model provides a beneficial effect that technical scheme brought as follows:
a. the bionic high-efficiency water purification ecological floating island provided by the utility model has the advantages that the ecological type and the water purification effect of the ecological floating island are improved by selecting hollow planting blue, fillers with high density, nylon material blocking and protecting nets and artificial turf; the service life of the ecological floating island is prolonged by covering the simulated turf and selecting the fixed pipe; increasing the landscaping of the area of the float plate by covering the simulated turf;
b. the utility model provides an ecological chinampa of high-efficient water purification of bionical type has ecological water purification effect and view effect concurrently, and unrestrained effectual of anti-wind, aquatic plant growth are smooth and easy, and the microorganism biofilm culturing is better, and life is longer, has improved the effect of the ecological chinampa water purification quality of water of unit area.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a top view of a bionic high-efficiency water purification ecological floating island provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
fig. 2 is a sectional view of a bionic high-efficiency water-purifying ecological floating island provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
fig. 3 is a perspective view of a first viewing angle of a planting basket of the bionic high-efficiency water-purifying ecological floating island provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
fig. 4 is a perspective view of a second viewing angle of the planting basket of the bionic high-efficiency water-purifying ecological floating island provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
fig. 5 is a perspective view of a connecting buckle of the bionic high-efficiency water purification ecological floating island provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
fig. 6 is a side view of the connection buckle and the floating plate of the bionic high-efficiency water-purifying ecological floating island provided by the embodiment of the utility model.
Wherein the reference numerals include: 1-floating plate, 2-planting hole, 3-planting basket, 4-artificial turf, 5-blocking protective net, 6-fixed pipe, 7-connector head, 71-first end part, 72-arc-shaped bent part, 73-second end part, 8-connector, 81-connecting part, 82-fixed part, 83-extending part, 9-first aquatic plant, 10-second aquatic plant and 11-filler.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solution of the present invention better understood, the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts shall belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The utility model provides a bionic high-efficiency water purification ecological floating island, which is shown in a figure 1 and a figure 2 and comprises a plurality of floating plates 1, wherein the floating plates 1 are of a square structure with a hollow structure and can float on the water surface; the floating plates 1 can be spliced to form a combined floating body, the floating plates 1 are connected through a plurality of connecting buckles 8, specifically, each connecting buckle 8 comprises a connecting part 81, referring to fig. 5 and 6, two fixing parts 82 arranged at intervals are arranged on the connecting part 81, the fixing parts 82 are vertically arranged with the connecting part 81, the side wall of each floating plate 1 is provided with a mounting hole matched with the fixing part 82, two adjacent floating plates are connected through the connecting buckles and the mounting holes in a buckling mode, namely, the fixing parts 82 are inserted into the mounting holes corresponding to the two adjacent floating plates, so that the two obtained adjacent floating plates are fixedly connected; the upper portion of the side wall of each fixing portion 82 is provided with an extending portion 83 which inclines outwards, when the fixing portion 82 is arranged in the mounting hole, the extending portion 83 has a good fixing effect, and can prevent the fixing portion 82 from being separated from the mounting hole, so that the effect of connecting the two floating plates is better achieved. The utility model provides an in the embodiment, the connector link is not limited to this kind of structure, and other connector links that can make the kickboard connect all can use.
The combination body is provided with a plurality of planting holes 2, planting 2 is provided with planting basket 3 in the hole, planting basket 3 has the space of planting first aquatic plant, planting basket 3 has annular lateral wall and the bottom of being connected with annular lateral wall, annular lateral wall and bottom all are provided with a plurality of trompils 33, the concrete structure of planting basket 3 refers to fig. 3 and fig. 4, and the trompil is square, circular or other structures, planting basket 3's upper portion is for opening the structure, chooses for use the planting blue that has the trompil, does benefit to and plants in the blue plant root system and passes the trompil and better growth. The planting basket 3 is internally provided with a filler 11 with higher density, the filler 11 is ceramsite or zeolite, and the ceramsite or zeolite is granular and has certain weight, so that aquatic plants in the planting basket 3 can be fixed and prevented from being separated from the planting basket 3, the lodging resistance of the plants can be enhanced, and a space can be provided for the growth of microorganisms; the filler 11 with high density is selected as the planting substrate, the aquatic plants are not easy to fall down, the filter material is easy to form a membrane, the particle size of the filter material is determined according to the size of the selected openings of the planting basket, and the particle size of the filter material is generally larger than the diameter of the selected openings of the planting basket.
The structure and the connection mode of the artificial turf are as follows: the upper surface of the combined floating body is provided with a simulated turf 4 which is a conventional turf (the same as a turf used in landscaping) and is made of plastic, a whole piece of simulated turf can be selected to be laid on the combined floating body, or a plurality of simulated turf are spliced to form the combined turf, and the shape of the simulated turf is designed according to the shape of the combined floating body; the artificial turf 4 is detachably connected with the combined floating body, the artificial turf 4 is preferably detachably connected with the combined floating body through a binding belt, the binding belt is made of plastic materials and is convenient to install and detach, on one hand, a space below the turf and above the floating plate provides habitat for some animals and insects, a breeding place is provided for external seeds above the turf, and after the seeds germinate, plant root systems can grow through the artificial turf, so that the ecological performance of the floating island is improved; on the other hand, the simulated turf can shield sunlight, so that the floating body is prevented from being directly irradiated by the sunlight, and the service life of the floating body is prolonged; on the other hand, the artificial turf has the landscape effect and avoids the monotonicity of the exposed floating plate. The artificial turf 4 is also provided with an opening which is in one-to-one correspondence with the mounting hole on the floating plate, and the aquatic plant is further fixed by the opening of the artificial turf 4 through which the upper part of the first aquatic plant in the planting basket 3 passes.
The side of combination body is provided with blocks protecting wire net 5, block protecting wire net 5 and can dismantle with the combination body and be connected, block protecting wire net 5 and the connection can be dismantled through the ribbon with the combination body, the ribbon is plastic material, the installation and demolish of being convenient for, block protecting wire net 5 and be hollow network structure, it is provided with a plurality of meshs on protecting wire net 5 to block, it has the aquatic plant of second to plant in the meshs, and the aquatic plant of second is the floating plant and \ or floats the leaf plant. The barrier net 5 is made of nylon, and particularly, the barrier net made of nylon is used as a carrier for the growth of floating plants; the nylon material barrier net can prevent animals inhabiting the fish, the amphibians and the like from being damaged, and is beneficial to the quick establishment of an ecological system.
The combined floating body and the guardrail net 5 are provided with a plurality of fixed pipes 6 on the outer side edge (outer frame), the fixed pipes are of hollow tubular structures, the combined floating body and the guardrail net 5 form a quadrangle or other shapes, the outer side edge is the outer side edge of the combined floating body far away from the guardrail net 5 and the outer side edge of the guardrail net 5 far away from the guardrail net 5, every two adjacent fixed pipes 6 are connected through a connecting pipe head 7, the fixed pipes 6 are made of plastic materials, preferably HDPE or PPR, the HDPE (high-density polyethylene, the hardness, the tensile strength and the creep deformation of the HDPE are better than those of low-density polyethylene, and the HDPE (high-density polyethylene, high-toughness and high-temperature resistance) or PPR (. HDPE pipe or PPR pipe is selected as the peripheral material of the fixed floating plate, and the HDPE pipe or PPR pipe is wear-resistant, ageing-resistant and good in elasticity, so that the service life of the ecological floating island is prolonged. The fixed pipe 6 can strengthen the anti-storm capacity of the floating island as the floating plate outer frame, the nylon guard net outer frame bearing the floating plants is also provided with HDPE or PPR pipes, and the buoyancy of the pipe plays a good role in supporting the floating plants.
In particular, the aquatic plants which grow rapidly, have large biomass, have luxuriant root systems and are evergreen in all seasons are selected. The removal efficiency of aquatic plants to pollutants in unit area and the long-acting type are improved.
The specific structure of the connector head 7 is as follows: the connector head 7 has a first end portion 71, an arc-shaped bent portion 72 and a second end portion 73 which are integrally formed, and the extending direction of the first end portion 71 and the extending direction of the second end portion 73 keep a preset included angle. Because the combined floating body is of a square structure, the vertex angle of the square structure is a right angle, and the extending direction of the first end part 71 and the extending direction of the second end part 73 form an included angle of 90 degrees.
The utility model provides a composite mounting process of ecological chinampa of high-efficient water purification of bionical type as follows: firstly, connecting a plurality of floating plates to form a combined floating plate; secondly, connecting and fixing the outer frame of the combined floating plate; thirdly, fixing a simulated turf on the combined floating plate; fourthly, splicing the side edges of the floating bodies with the blocking and protecting nets; fifthly, selecting and matching plants; sixthly, planting aquatic plants; and seventhly, fixing the ecological floating island.
The utility model provides an ecological chinampa of high-efficient water purification of bionical type can establish the local ecosystem who comprises microorganism, aquatic plant, aquatic animal, amphibian animal, insect class, terrestrial herbage in 20 days, and the material and the energy (except solar energy) that get into whole ecosystem derive from materials such as nitrogen, phosphorus, organic matter in the water basically, and the rate of removal of the ecological chinampa of unit area to water eutrophication material promotes greatly.
The bionic high-efficiency water purification ecological floating island provided by the utility model has the advantages that the ecological type and the water purification effect of the ecological floating island are improved by selecting hollow planting blue, fillers with high density, nylon material blocking and protecting nets and artificial turf; the service life of the ecological floating island is prolonged by covering the simulated turf and selecting HDPE or PPR pipe; increasing the landscaping of the area of the float plate by covering the simulated turf; the combined ecological floating island really achieves the ecological effect and the water quality purification effect.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A bionic high-efficiency water purification ecological floating island is characterized by comprising a plurality of floating plates (1), wherein the floating plates (1) can be spliced to form a combined floating body, a plurality of planting holes (2) are formed in the combined floating body, planting baskets (3) are arranged in the planting holes (2), the planting baskets (3) are provided with spaces for planting first aquatic plants, each planting basket (3) is provided with an annular side wall and a bottom connected with the annular side wall, a plurality of openings (33) are formed in the annular side wall and the bottom, and the upper part of each planting basket (3) is of an open structure;
the upper surface of the combined floating body is provided with a simulated turf (4), and the simulated turf (4) is detachably connected with the combined floating body; the side wall of the combined floating body is provided with a blocking and protecting net (5), the blocking and protecting net (5) is detachably connected with the combined floating body, the blocking and protecting net (5) is of a hollow net-shaped structure, and the blocking and protecting net (5) is made of nylon materials; the combined floating body and the blocking and protecting net are characterized in that a plurality of fixed tubes (6) are arranged on the outer side edge of the combined floating body and the blocking and protecting net (5), every two adjacent fixed tubes (6) are connected through a connecting tube head (7), and the fixed tubes (6) are made of plastic materials.
2. The bionic high-efficiency water-purifying ecological floating island according to claim 1, wherein the artificial turf (4) is detachably connected with the combined floating body through a binding belt, and the guardrail net (5) is detachably connected with the combined floating body through the binding belt.
3. The bionic high-efficiency water-purifying ecological floating island according to claim 1, wherein the plurality of floating plates (1) are connected with each other through a plurality of connecting buckles (8).
4. The bionic high-efficiency water-purifying ecological floating island according to claim 3, wherein the connecting buckle (8) comprises a connecting part (81), two fixing parts (82) arranged at intervals are arranged on the connecting part (81), the fixing parts (82) and the connecting part (81) are arranged vertically, and mounting holes matched with the fixing parts (82) are arranged on the side edge of the floating plate (1).
5. The bionic high-efficiency water-purifying ecological floating island according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of meshes are arranged on the guardrail net (5), and second aquatic plants are planted in the meshes.
6. The bionic high-efficiency water-purifying ecological floating island according to claim 1, wherein a filler (11) is arranged in the planting basket (3), and the filler (11) is ceramsite or zeolite.
7. The bionic high-efficiency water purification ecological floating island according to claim 1, wherein the connector head (7) is provided with a first end part (71), an arc-shaped bent part (72) and a second end part (73) which are integrally formed, and the extending direction of the first end part (71) and the extending direction of the second end part (73) keep a preset included angle.
8. The biomimetic type efficient water-purifying ecological floating island according to claim 7, wherein the extending direction of the first end portion (71) and the extending direction of the second end portion (73) form an angle of 90 degrees with each other.
9. The biomimetic, efficient and water-purifying ecological floating island according to claim 1, wherein the fixed pipe (6) is made of HDPE or PPR.
10. The bionic high-efficiency water-purifying ecological floating island according to claim 1, wherein the floating plate (1) is a cubic structure with a hollow structure.
CN201922065949.0U 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 Bionic type high-efficiency water purification ecological floating island Active CN211141657U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922065949.0U CN211141657U (en) 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 Bionic type high-efficiency water purification ecological floating island

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922065949.0U CN211141657U (en) 2019-11-26 2019-11-26 Bionic type high-efficiency water purification ecological floating island

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CN211141657U true CN211141657U (en) 2020-07-31

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112093909A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-18 宁波伊玛水环境科技有限公司 Wind wave resistant floating type ocean floating island

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112093909A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-18 宁波伊玛水环境科技有限公司 Wind wave resistant floating type ocean floating island
CN112093909B (en) * 2020-09-16 2023-11-14 宁波伊玛环境科技股份有限公司 Wind and wave resistant floating ocean floating island

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