CN211079798U - Road surface brick that permeates water - Google Patents

Road surface brick that permeates water Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211079798U
CN211079798U CN201921801007.8U CN201921801007U CN211079798U CN 211079798 U CN211079798 U CN 211079798U CN 201921801007 U CN201921801007 U CN 201921801007U CN 211079798 U CN211079798 U CN 211079798U
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permeable
base layer
water
permeable base
drainage channel
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CN201921801007.8U
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张东宝
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a road surface brick that permeates water, including the cuboid basic unit that permeates water, the top surface of basic unit that permeates water coats and is stamped the one deck surface course that permeates water. A drainage channel with a long-strip-shaped hole-shaped longitudinal section is transversely arranged on the water permeable base layer, penetrates through the water permeable base layer and is positioned in the middle of the water permeable base layer; the top surface of the permeable base layer is provided with a plurality of permeable air holes, and the permeable air holes extend downwards from the top surface of the permeable base layer to be communicated with the drainage channel; the adjacent two sides of the permeable base layer are provided with bulges, the other two sides are provided with grooves, and the longitudinal section shapes of the bulges and the grooves are the same and are matched with each other; the permeable surface layer is formed by mixing, pressing and molding surface layer aggregate and hydrophilic binder; the permeable base layer is formed by mixing and pressing cement, base layer natural aggregate, base layer recycled aggregate and hydrophilic binder, and the volume ratio of the base layer recycled aggregate to the permeable base layer is 30-40%. The utility model discloses permeate water, drainage can the reinforce, green, with low costs, easily popularization.

Description

Road surface brick that permeates water
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a brick permeates water, indicates a brick permeates water for laying road surface especially.
Background
At present, water permeable bricks which can enable rainwater to directly permeate into soil foundations are mostly laid on road surfaces of cities and towns, particularly road surfaces of sidewalks, footpaths and other areas, convenience is brought to people's traveling, and meanwhile urban underground water is effectively supplemented. However, it can be found from actual manufacturing and use that the existing permeable bricks are mainly made of materials with hydrophilic property, on one hand, the cost is high, and the existing permeable bricks are difficult to widely popularize, and on the other hand, when heavy rainstorm, long-time rainfall or short-time rainfall is large, a large amount of rainwater still deposits on the surfaces of the existing permeable bricks, and the rainwater cannot rapidly and timely permeate downwards.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a road surface brick that permeates water, it permeates water, drainage can the reinforce, green, and is with low costs, easily promotes.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
The utility model provides a road surface brick that permeates water which characterized in that: it includes the cuboid basic unit that permeates water, and the top surface of basic unit that permeates water coats and is stamped the one deck surface course that permeates water, wherein: a drainage channel with a long-strip-shaped hole-shaped longitudinal section is transversely arranged on the water permeable base layer, penetrates through the water permeable base layer and is positioned in the middle of the water permeable base layer; the top surface of the permeable base layer is provided with a plurality of permeable air holes, and the permeable air holes extend downwards from the top surface of the permeable base layer to be communicated with the drainage channel; the adjacent two sides of the permeable base layer are provided with bulges, the other two sides are provided with grooves, and the longitudinal section shapes of the bulges and the grooves are the same and are matched with each other; the permeable surface layer is formed by mixing, pressing and molding surface layer aggregate and hydrophilic binder; the permeable base layer is formed by mixing and pressing cement, base layer natural aggregate, base layer recycled aggregate and hydrophilic binder, and the volume ratio of the base layer recycled aggregate to the permeable base layer is 30-40%.
The utility model has the advantages that:
The utility model discloses an aspect green, with low costs, easily popularization, on the other hand permeates water, drainage ability is strong, and when heavy rainstorm, long-time rainfall or short-term rainfall are great, the rainwater can permeate and discharge downwards fast, in time, avoids the brick surface siltation rainwater.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a first embodiment of the water permeable pavement brick of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of the first embodiment of the water permeable pavement brick of the present invention.
3 fig. 3 3 3 is 3 an 3 enlarged 3 sectional 3 view 3 taken 3 along 3 line 3 a 3- 3 a 3 of 3 fig. 3 2 3. 3
Fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of a second embodiment of the water permeable pavement brick of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional view of fig. 4 from B-B.
Detailed Description
As fig. 1 to fig. 3, the utility model discloses brick permeates water on road surface includes that the cuboid permeates water basic unit 20, and the top surface of basic unit 20 that permeates water coats and is stamped the one deck surface course 10 that permeates water, wherein: a drainage channel 24 with a long-strip-shaped hole-shaped longitudinal section is transversely formed in the water permeable base layer 20, the drainage channel 24 penetrates through the water permeable base layer 20 and is positioned in the height direction, and the drainage channel 24 is positioned in the middle of the water permeable base layer 20; the top surface of the permeable base layer 20 is provided with a plurality of permeable air holes 23, and the permeable air holes 23 extend downwards from the top surface of the permeable base layer 20 to be communicated with the drainage channel 24; the adjacent two sides of the permeable base layer 20 are provided with bulges 21 and the other two sides are provided with grooves 22, the longitudinal section shapes of the bulges 21 and the grooves 22 are the same and are matched with each other; the permeable surface layer 10 is formed by mixing, pressing and molding surface layer aggregate and hydrophilic binder; the permeable base layer 20 is formed by mixing and pressing cement, base layer natural aggregate, base layer recycled aggregate and hydrophilic binder, and the volume ratio of the base layer recycled aggregate using garbage waste to the permeable base layer 20 is 30-40%.
As shown in fig. 3, the water permeable vent 23 is positioned above the drain passage 24 and arranged in a matrix type on the top surface of the water permeable base layer 20, wherein: the permeable breather holes 23 are in the shape of a truncated cone with a small upper part and a big lower part.
Fig. 2 is a top view from above of fig. 1. Referring to FIG. 2, there is shown a case where 6 water permeable pores 23 are arranged in a matrix on the top surface of the water permeable base layer 20.
The utility model discloses in, the effect of bleeder vent 23 that permeates water lies in, strengthens on the one hand the utility model discloses the road surface brick that permeates water's drainage, the ability of permeating water, on the other hand make the utility model discloses the road surface brick that permeates water has good gas permeability.
In practical design, the longitudinal sections of the protrusion 21 and the groove 22 may be triangular, semicircular, etc., without limitation. Shown in fig. 1 to 3 are a protrusion 21 and a groove 22 of isosceles triangular cross-section. The utility model discloses in, the design of arch 21 and recess 22 can effectively be solved the not hard up and brick joint in the growth weeds and influence the problem of city appearance.
The utility model discloses in, the basic unit 20 that permeates water is more than 4 times of the surface course 10 thickness that permeates water, and wherein, the thickness of basic unit 20 that permeates water is 5.5cm-15cm, and the thickness of the surface course 10 that permeates water is 1cm-3 cm.
The utility model discloses in:
The aggregate of the surface layer is the precoated color sand.
The base layer recycled aggregate is any one or combination of waste concrete crushed material, granulated converter steel slag or waste ceramic crushed material, and is garbage waste.
The base layer natural aggregate is the existing aggregate in the field, and for example, calcium carbonate 03 (also called ground calcium carbonate) or 05 stones (sand with the particle size of less than 5 mm) can be selected. The volume ratio of the base layer natural aggregate to the permeable base layer 20 is 30-40%.
The hydrophilic binder is any one of hydrophilic polyurethane resin, hydrophilic epoxy resin or hydrophilic acrylic resin.
In actual manufacturing, the weight ratio, the preparation process, etc. of the facing aggregate and the hydrophilic binder when they are mixed and pressed to form the permeable facing 10 are well known in the art, and the weight ratio, the preparation process, etc. of the cement, the base natural aggregate, the base recycled aggregate and the hydrophilic binder when they are mixed and pressed to form the permeable base 20 are well known in the art and will not be described in detail herein.
In order to further enhance the drainage function, the first embodiment of the present invention shown in fig. 1 to 3 is further modified, as shown in fig. 4 and 5, a strip-shaped notch 11 is disposed on the edge of the permeable surface layer 10 corresponding to the opening of the drainage channel 24, the notch 11 has a water diversion inclined plane 110, and the notch 11 is communicated with the opening of the drainage channel 24 through a shallow groove 25 disposed along the side of the permeable base layer 20.
In the utility model, the design of the strip-shaped notch 11 does not obstruct the walking of the pedestrian.
In addition, as shown in fig. 4, the top surface of the permeable surface layer 10 may be provided with a raised anti-slip pattern 30.
In addition, in actual design, can be equipped with many gaps in the surface course 10 that permeates water, the bonding has inlayed artificial night light stone granule (not shown in the figure) in the gap, and such design makes the surface course 10 that permeates water can give out light at night, plays fine warning effect to the pedestrian.
In the time of practical implementation, will the utility model discloses the brick concatenation that permeates water in road surface is spread on soil property ground, then adjacent two the utility model discloses the drainage channel 24 of the brick that permeates water in road surface communicates mutually, is in one row the utility model discloses the brick that permeates water in road surface forms the passageway of a whole piece drainage.
When raining, as figure 1 to 5, the rainwater flows into soil property ground after permeating from permeable surface course 10, and partly rainwater continues to permeate via permeable basic unit 20, and another part rainwater directly gets into permeable bleeder vent 23 to discharge via drainage channel 24, strengthened the utility model discloses the whole of the brick is permeated water on road surface, drainage ability avoid brick surface siltation rainwater, and exhaust rainwater can be collected and recycled.
In addition, as shown in fig. 4 and 5, rainwater deposited on the brick surface can rapidly pass through the gap 11 on the permeable surface layer 10, and flow from the water-guiding inclined surface 110 to the drainage channel 24 along the groove 25, thereby further enhancing the drainage capacity.
The utility model discloses in, drainage channel 24 is located the basic unit 20 middle part of permeating water and the design aim at of non-bottom, on the basis that realizes effectively permeating water, drainage function, has effectively protected the soil property ground can not receive the direct erodeing of rainwater.
In practical design, as shown in fig. 5, a plurality of hemispherical water-containing cavities 50 may be further disposed in the water permeable base layer 20, and the water-containing cavities 50 are located below the drainage channels 24 and are communicated with the drainage channels 24. The design of the water-holding cavity 50 allows a portion of the rain water to remain and slowly seep down into the soil foundation to relieve dryness.
The utility model has the advantages that:
1. The utility model discloses a rubbish discarded object, the cost is reduced does benefit to the popularization to for the effective utilization of rubbish discarded object provides the way, green.
2. The utility model discloses in, these rubbish discarded objects of waste concrete, converter slag, useless pottery have been used to basic unit's regeneration aggregate, and these rubbish discarded objects can improve the water-containing property of the brick that permeates water, strengthen the structural strength of the brick that permeates water, make the brick that permeates water difficult fracture.
3. The utility model discloses a permeate water, drainage performance is good, and when heavy rainstorm, long-time rainfall or short-term rainfall are great, the rainwater can permeate and discharge downwards fast, in time, avoids the brick surface siltation rainwater, and exhaust rainwater can be collected and recycled.
4. The utility model provides an it is easy not hard up that arch and recess design can effectively solve the brick that permeates water, and the brickwork joint between the adjacent brick that permeates water easily grows weeds and influences the problem of city appearance, and can make the concatenation between the brick that permeates water more firm.
The above description is the preferred embodiment of the present invention and the technical principle applied by the preferred embodiment, and for those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, any obvious changes based on the equivalent transformation, simple replacement, etc. of the technical solution of the present invention all belong to the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a road surface brick that permeates water which characterized in that: it includes the cuboid basic unit that permeates water, and the top surface of basic unit that permeates water coats and is stamped the one deck surface course that permeates water, wherein: a drainage channel with a long-strip-shaped hole-shaped longitudinal section is transversely arranged on the water permeable base layer, penetrates through the water permeable base layer and is positioned in the middle of the water permeable base layer; the top surface of the permeable base layer is provided with a plurality of permeable air holes, and the permeable air holes extend downwards from the top surface of the permeable base layer to be communicated with the drainage channel; the adjacent two sides of the permeable base layer are provided with bulges, the other two sides are provided with grooves, and the longitudinal section shapes of the bulges and the grooves are the same and are matched with each other; the permeable surface layer is formed by mixing, pressing and molding surface layer aggregate and hydrophilic binder; the permeable base layer is formed by mixing and pressing cement, base layer natural aggregate, base layer recycled aggregate and hydrophilic binder, and the volume ratio of the base layer recycled aggregate to the permeable base layer is 30-40%.
2. The pavement water permeable brick according to claim 1, characterized in that:
The permeable air holes are positioned above the drainage channel and are arranged in a matrix type on the top surface of the permeable base layer, wherein: the water permeable air holes are in a round table shape.
3. The pavement water permeable brick according to claim 1, characterized in that:
The thickness of the water permeable base layer is more than 4 times of that of the water permeable surface layer, wherein the thickness of the water permeable base layer is 5.5cm-15cm, and the thickness of the water permeable surface layer is 1cm-3 cm.
4. The pavement water permeable brick according to claim 1, characterized in that:
The surface aggregate is coated color sand;
The base layer recycled aggregate is any one or combination of any more of waste concrete crushed materials, granulated converter steel slag or waste ceramic crushed materials;
The hydrophilic binder is any one of hydrophilic polyurethane resin, hydrophilic epoxy resin or hydrophilic acrylic resin.
5. The permeable pavement tile of any one of claims 1-4, wherein:
The edge of the permeable surface layer corresponding to the opening of the drainage channel is provided with a strip-shaped notch, the notch is provided with a water diversion inclined plane, and the notch is communicated with the opening of the drainage channel through a groove arranged along the side edge of the permeable base layer.
6. The permeable pavement brick of claim 5, wherein:
And the top surface of the water permeable surface layer is provided with anti-skid raised patterns.
7. The permeable pavement brick of claim 5, wherein:
A plurality of gaps are arranged in the water permeable surface layer, and artificial luminous stone particles are adhered and embedded in the gaps.
8. The permeable pavement brick of claim 5, wherein:
The permeable base layer is internally provided with a plurality of hemispherical water containing cavities, and the water containing cavities are positioned below the drainage channel and communicated with the drainage channel.
CN201921801007.8U 2019-10-24 2019-10-24 Road surface brick that permeates water Active CN211079798U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921801007.8U CN211079798U (en) 2019-10-24 2019-10-24 Road surface brick that permeates water

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921801007.8U CN211079798U (en) 2019-10-24 2019-10-24 Road surface brick that permeates water

Publications (1)

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CN211079798U true CN211079798U (en) 2020-07-24

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112898047A (en) * 2021-04-28 2021-06-04 河南建博新材料科技有限公司 Preparation method of water-retention water-permeable brick
CN113957766A (en) * 2021-12-06 2022-01-21 上海中冶环境工程科技有限公司 Composite water permeable brick and preparation method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112898047A (en) * 2021-04-28 2021-06-04 河南建博新材料科技有限公司 Preparation method of water-retention water-permeable brick
CN113957766A (en) * 2021-12-06 2022-01-21 上海中冶环境工程科技有限公司 Composite water permeable brick and preparation method thereof

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