CN211027497U - Ecological system for restoring polluted soil - Google Patents

Ecological system for restoring polluted soil Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211027497U
CN211027497U CN201921522249.3U CN201921522249U CN211027497U CN 211027497 U CN211027497 U CN 211027497U CN 201921522249 U CN201921522249 U CN 201921522249U CN 211027497 U CN211027497 U CN 211027497U
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ecological
water
ditch
ecosystem
overflow
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余冰飞
刘青
屈泪
洪平
沈银武
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Powerchina Jiangxi Electric Power Construction Co ltd
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Powerchina Jiangxi Electric Power Construction Co ltd
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Abstract

An ecosystem for remediating contaminated soil, the ecosystem comprising a pond weir, a distribution canal, an ecological ditch, and an overflow pond; the small reservoir is connected with the water distribution channel, the water distribution channel is connected with the ecological ditch, the ecological ditch is connected with the overflow pool, and the overflow pool is connected with the small reservoir; and the earth walls on two sides of the ecological ditch are used as ecological banks. The pond weir comprises a lifting pump, a water guide pipe, an underwater forest and an ecological floating bed; the water distribution channel comprises a water distribution pipe and a first groove; the ecological ditch comprises filler and submerged plant groups; the ecological ridge comprises engineering strains, hyper-enriched plants, shrubs and turf; the overflow tank includes an overflow tube and a second trough. The utility model provides an ecosystem through once promoting kinetic energy, realizes polluting soil restoration, carries out peripheral water quality of water promotion simultaneously, has reduced the risk that pollutes the peripheral river system of soil improvement process pollution, has improved the utilization of soil, has low cost, easy operation, advantages such as beautify the environment.

Description

Ecological system for restoring polluted soil
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an environmental management technical field, concretely relates to ecological system of soil is polluted in restoration.
Background
Along with the continuous acceleration of the industrialization process, unreasonable mining and smelting discharge of mineral resources, long-term sewage irrigation and sludge application to soil and atmospheric sedimentation caused by artificial activities show that agricultural soil factors are higher than background values, and the situation faced by soil pollution control in China is very complex, the soil pollution types are various, the situations that new and old pollutants coexist and inorganic and organic composite pollutants coexist are shown, the remarkable characteristics that crop yield is reduced, heavy metal toxicity is high, the latency period is long and the pollutants can be biologically enriched due to organic pollution are also bound to be amplified through accumulation of a food chain to seriously affect human health, so that high attention must be paid to the prevention of soil pollution and the remediation of polluted soil.
The method for restoring the soil pollution is numerous, but only two methods are classified in the fundamental way, namely in-situ treatment, namely, the polluted soil is treated by burning, chemical leaching, electroanalysis, heat treatment and vitrification technologies; and the second is ex-situ treatment, adopting the technologies of soil dressing, ex-situ chemical leaching, thermal desorption and the like. The in-situ remediation scheme is easy to cause secondary soil pollution, pollutes a peripheral water system and reduces the availability of soil; the heterotopic repairing method not only increases the trouble of end treatment, but also increases the cost, and the two repairing methods are lack of applicability in the type of combination of soil and water body pollution.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model provides an ecological system for restoring polluted soil, which comprises a pond weir, a water distribution channel, an ecological ditch and an overflow tank; the small reservoir is connected with the water distribution channel, the water distribution channel is connected with the ecological ditch, the ecological ditch is connected with the overflow pool, and the overflow pool is connected with the small reservoir; and the earth walls on two sides of the ecological ditch are used as ecological banks.
The pond weir comprises a lifting pump, a water guide pipe, an underwater forest and an ecological floating bed; the lifting pump is fixed at the bottom of the small reservoir by adopting precast concrete, a water outlet is connected with the water guide pipe with the same diameter, the underwater forest is arranged in a water body with the depth of 1-1.5m of the small reservoir, and the ecological floating bed is arranged on the surface of the water body of the small reservoir;
the water distribution channel comprises a water distribution pipe and a first groove; the water inlet end of the first groove is connected with the water guide pipe, and the water distribution pipes are arranged at the water outlet end at equal intervals;
the ecological ditch comprises filler and submerged plant groups; the filler is arranged at the bottom of the ecological ditch, and the submerged plant group is planted in the filler;
the ecological ridge comprises engineering strains, hyper-enriched plants, shrubs and turf; mixing and accumulating the engineering strains and the polluted soil to form a trapezoidal ridge, planting hyper-enrichment plants and shrubs at the upper end of the ridge, and forming an ecological ridge on the ridge ladder slope by adopting turf slope protection;
the overflow tank comprises an overflow pipe and a second groove; the water inlet end of the second groove is connected with the ecological ditch, and overflow pipes are arranged at the water outlet end at equal intervals.
The ecological ditches are two or more than two stages.
Wherein, the ecological ditch is an inverted trapezoidal ditch with the lower end width of 40-60cm, the height of 50-70cm and the included angle of two inclined edges and the horizontal plane of 30-60 degrees.
Wherein the ecological barrier is a trapezoidal barrier with the upper end of 40-60cm in width, the lower end of 70-90cm in width and the height of 50-70 cm.
Wherein, the coverage rate of the ecological floating bed is 30-50%.
Wherein the underwater forest can be any one or combination of any several of hydrilla verticillata, curly pondweed, eel grass and helenoides;
the ecological floating bed consists of a floating foundation, emergent aquatic plants and elastic fillers; the emergent aquatic plant can be any one or the combination of any several of saxifrage, loosestrife and canna; the elastic filler is made of polyamide.
Wherein the filler is slag or zeolite, the particle size is 1-2cm, and the thickness is 5-10 cm;
the submerged plant group can be any one of or the combination of short tape grass and foxtail spicatum.
Wherein, the engineering strain can be any one or the combination of any more of sulfate reducing bacteria, yeast or bacillus megatherium;
the hyper-enriched plant can be any one or combination of any several of vetiver, ciliate desert-grass, sedum pulchrum, plantain or Thalasia alata;
the shrub can be any one or combination of more of ligustrum quihoui, buxus sinica or yellow jasmine of Yunnan;
the turf is zoysia japonica.
The utility model has the advantages that:
the utility model provides an ecosystem of restoration contaminated soil, ingenious with the pool weir, join in marriage the ditch, the ecology is built the ridge, ecological irrigation canals and ditches and overflow tank and is established ties, through once promoting the kinetic energy, realize polluting soil restoration, carry out peripheral water quality of water promotion simultaneously, reduced the risk that pollutes the peripheral river system of soil treatment process pollution, improved the availability of soil, have low cost, easy operation beautifies advantages such as environment.
Pumping sewage in the pond weir into an upper water distribution channel to be uniformly distributed in an ecological ditch, leaching soil pollutants by the sewage, adsorbing and degrading the pollutants in the sewage by fillers laid at the bottom of the ecological ditch and aquatic plants planted at the bottom and a slope, and refluxing the sewage to the pond weir after passing through the multistage ecological ditch; building ecological ridges on two sides of the ecological ditch, adding engineering strains, planting hyper-enriched plants and shrubs, and synchronously performing pollutant metabolic transformation to remove organic pollutants and heavy metal pollutants in soil; the water ecological system constructed in the pond weir comprises an ecological floating bed and an underwater forest, wherein the ecological floating bed is planted with saxifrage, loosestrife and canna which can efficiently absorb nitrogen and phosphorus; planting hydrilla verticillata, curly pondweed, eel grass and lilac which have high-efficient absorption to pollutants in the underwater forest; the utility model discloses utilize the elevator pump, with the sewage pump income upper end water distribution channel of the ecological irrigation canals and ditches flow through to the small reservoir, so reciprocal circulation strengthens the treatment effect.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and obviously, the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it should be obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts;
fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an ecosystem for restoring contaminated soil according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a repairing pond weir in a polluted soil ecosystem according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic plane structure diagram of a water distribution channel in the ecological system for restoring polluted soil according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of an ecological ditch for restoring polluted soil ecosystem according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of an ecological barrier in the ecological system for restoring polluted soil provided by the embodiment of the utility model;
fig. 6 is a schematic plane structure diagram of an overflow tank in the ecological system for restoring polluted soil according to the embodiment of the present invention;
the names corresponding to the reference numbers in the drawings are as follows: 1-a pond weir, 101-a lift pump, 102-a water guide pipe, 103-an underwater forest, 104-an ecological floating bed, 2-a water distribution channel, 201-a water distribution pipe, 202-a first groove, 3-an ecological channel, 301-a filler, 302-a submerged flora, 4-an ecological ridge, 401-an engineering strain, 402-a super-enriched plant, 403-a shrub, 404-a turf, 5-an overflow pond, 501-an overflow pipe, 502-a second groove.
Detailed Description
The following is a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, a plurality of improvements and decorations can be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these improvements and decorations are also considered as the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
The utility model provides an ecological system for restoring polluted soil, as shown in figures 1-6, the ecological system comprises a pond weir 1, a water distribution channel 2, an ecological ditch 3 and an overflow tank 5; the small reservoir 1 is connected with the water distribution channel 2, the water distribution channel 2 is connected with the ecological ditch 3, the ecological ditch 3 is connected with the overflow pool 5, and the overflow pool 5 is connected with the small reservoir 1; and the earth walls on two sides of the ecological ditch 3 are used as ecological banks 4.
The pond weir 1 comprises a lifting pump 101, a water guide pipe 102, an underwater forest 103 and an ecological floating bed 104; the lifting pump 101 is fixed at the bottom of the small reservoir 1 by adopting precast concrete, a water outlet is connected with the aqueduct 102 with the same diameter, the underwater forest 103 is arranged in a water body with the depth of 1m of the small reservoir 1, and the ecological floating bed 104 is arranged on the surface of the water body of the small reservoir 1; the water distribution channel 2 comprises a water distribution pipe 201 and a first groove 202; the water inlet end of the first groove 202 is connected with the water guide pipe 102, and four rows of water distribution pipes 201 are arranged at the water outlet end at equal intervals; the ecological ditch 3 comprises filler 301 and submerged plant groups 302; the filler 301 is arranged at the bottom of the ecological ditch 3, and the submerged plant group 302 is planted in the filler 301; the ecological ridge 4 comprises engineering strains 401, super-enriched plants 402, shrubs 403 and turf 404; mixing and accumulating the engineering strains 401 and the polluted soil to form a trapezoidal ridge, planting hyper-enrichment plants 402 and shrubs 403 at the upper end of the ridge, and forming an ecological ridge 4 on a ridge ladder slope by adopting a turf slope protection; the overflow tank 5 comprises an overflow pipe 501 and a second groove 502; the water inlet end of the second groove 502 is connected with the ecological ditch 3, and four rows of overflow pipes 501 are arranged at the water outlet end at equal intervals.
The number of the ecological ditches 3 is ten levels, each level of ecological ditch 3 is an inverted trapezoidal ditch with the lower end width of 50cm and the height of 60cm and the included angle between two inclined edges and the horizontal plane of 45 degrees; the ecological barrier ridge 4 is a trapezoidal barrier ridge with the upper end width of 50cm, the lower end width of 80cm and the height of 60 cm; the coverage of the ecological floating bed 104 is 40%.
Said underwater forest 103 is composed of hydrilla verticillata, curly pondweed, bitter grass and Yile algae, and its planting density is 48 plants/m2(ii) a The ecological floating bed 104 is composed of HDPE floating bases, emergent aquatic plants and elastic fillers, the emergent aquatic plants are composed of saxifrage, loosestrife and canna, and the elastic fillers are made of polyamide. The filler 301 is slag, the particle size is 1-2cm, and the thickness is 10 cm; the submerged plant group 302 is dwarf tape grass with the planting density of 64 plants/m2(ii) a The engineering strain 401 is composed of sulfate reducing bacteria and yeast, and is mixed with soil at a ratio of 25kg/m3(ii) a The hyper-enriched plant 402 is composed of vetiver grass, plantain and Thalassia serpyllum; the shrubs 403 are ligustrum quihoui, buxus sinica and yellow jasmine; the turf 404 is zoysia japonica.
Utilize the utility model discloses the ecosystem restores the method of polluting soil that embodiment 1 provided, include following step:
s1, the pond weir 1 is filled with sewage of leached soil, and organic matters, nitrogen and phosphorus in the sewage are degraded through an aqueous ecological system formed by an underwater forest 103 and an ecological floating bed 104;
s2, pumping the sewage treated in the step S1 into a water guide pipe 102 through a lifting pump 101, lifting the sewage to the water distribution channel 2, and uniformly distributing the sewage to the ecological ditch 3 through a water distribution pipe 201; on one hand, the pollutants in the sewage are adsorbed and degraded by using the filler 301 and the submerged plant group 302 paved at the bottom of the ecological ditch 3; on the other hand, the ecological barriers 4 arranged at two sides of the ecological ditch 3 are utilized to metabolize and degrade organic matters in soil, adsorb and solidify heavy metals and absorb eutrophic substances in sewage;
s3, degrading the sewage treated in the step S2 by the ten-stage ecological ditch 3, flowing into the overflow tank 5, precipitating silt in the sewage, and then refluxing to the small reservoir 1, and performing reciprocating circulation in this way.
Example 2
The utility model provides an ecological system for restoring polluted soil, as shown in figures 1-6, the ecological system comprises a pond weir 1, a water distribution channel 2, an ecological ditch 3 and an overflow tank 5; the small reservoir 1 is connected with the water distribution channel 2, the water distribution channel 2 is connected with the ecological ditch 3, the ecological ditch 3 is connected with the overflow pool 5, and the overflow pool 5 is connected with the small reservoir 1; and the earth walls on two sides of the ecological ditch 3 are used as ecological banks 4.
The pond weir 1 comprises a lifting pump 101, a water guide pipe 102, an underwater forest 103 and an ecological floating bed 104; the lifting pump 101 is fixed at the bottom of the small reservoir 1 by adopting precast concrete, a water outlet is connected with the aqueduct 102 with the same diameter, the underwater forest 103 is arranged in a water body with the water depth of 1.5m of the small reservoir 1, and the ecological floating bed 104 is arranged on the surface of the water body of the small reservoir 1; the water distribution channel 2 comprises a water distribution pipe 201 and a first groove 202; the water inlet end of the first groove 202 is connected with the water guide pipe 102, and four rows of water distribution pipes 201 are arranged at the water outlet end at equal intervals; the ecological ditch 3 comprises filler 301 and submerged plant groups 302; the filler 301 is arranged at the bottom of the ecological ditch 3, and the submerged plant group 302 is planted in the filler 301; the ecological ridge 4 comprises engineering strains 401, super-enriched plants 402, shrubs 403 and turf 404; mixing and accumulating the engineering strains 401 and the polluted soil to form a trapezoidal ridge, planting hyper-enrichment plants 402 and shrubs 403 at the upper end of the ridge, and forming an ecological ridge 4 on a ridge ladder slope by adopting a turf slope protection; the overflow tank 5 comprises an overflow pipe 501 and a second groove 502; the water inlet end of the second groove 502 is connected with the ecological ditch 3, and four rows of overflow pipes 501 are arranged at the water outlet end at equal intervals.
The number of the ecological ditches 3 is six, each ecological ditch 3 is an inverted trapezoidal ditch with the lower end width of 40cm and the height of 50cm and the included angle between two inclined edges and the horizontal plane of 35 degrees; the ecological barrier ridge 4 is a trapezoidal barrier ridge with the upper end being 40cm wide, the lower end being 70cm wide and the height being 50 cm; the coverage of the ecological floating bed 104 is 45%.
The underwater forest 103 is hydrilla verticillata with planting density of 35 plants/m2(ii) a The ecological floating bed 104 is composed of HDPE floating bases, emergent aquatic plants and elastic fillers, the emergent aquatic plants are composed of saxifrage and loosestrife, and the elastic fillers are made of polyamide. The filler 301 is slag and particlesThe diameter is 1-2cm, and the thickness is 5 cm; the submerged plant group 302 is myriophyllum spicatum with planting density of 64 plants/m2(ii) a The engineering strain 401 is bacillus megaterium, and the stirring ratio of the engineering strain to soil is 30kg/m3(ii) a The hyper-enriched plant 402 consists of ciliate desert-grass, sedge grass and plantain herb; the shrubs 403 are buxus sinica and yellow jasmine of Yunnan province; the turf 404 is zoysia japonica.
Utilize the utility model discloses ecosystem restores the method of polluting soil that embodiment 2 provided, include following step:
s1, the pond weir 1 is filled with sewage of leached soil, and organic matters, nitrogen and phosphorus in the sewage are degraded through an aqueous ecological system formed by an underwater forest 103 and an ecological floating bed 104;
s2, pumping the sewage treated in the step S1 into a water guide pipe 102 through a lifting pump 101, lifting the sewage to the water distribution channel 2, and uniformly distributing the sewage to the ecological ditch 3 through a water distribution pipe 201; on one hand, the pollutants in the sewage are adsorbed and degraded by using the filler 301 and the submerged plant group 302 paved at the bottom of the ecological ditch 3; on the other hand, the ecological barriers 4 arranged at two sides of the ecological ditch 3 are utilized to metabolize and degrade organic matters in soil, adsorb and solidify heavy metals and absorb eutrophic substances in sewage;
s3, degrading the sewage treated in the step S2 by the ecological ditch 3 of six levels, flowing into the overflow tank 5, precipitating silt in the sewage, and then refluxing to the small reservoir 1, and performing reciprocating circulation in this way.
Example 3
The utility model provides an ecological system for restoring polluted soil, as shown in figures 1-6, the ecological system comprises a pond weir 1, a water distribution channel 2, an ecological ditch 3 and an overflow tank 5; the small reservoir 1 is connected with the water distribution channel 2, the water distribution channel 2 is connected with the ecological ditch 3, the ecological ditch 3 is connected with the overflow pool 5, and the overflow pool 5 is connected with the small reservoir 1; and the earth walls on two sides of the ecological ditch 3 are used as ecological banks 4.
The pond weir 1 comprises a lifting pump 101, a water guide pipe 102, an underwater forest 103 and an ecological floating bed 104; the lifting pump 101 is fixed at the bottom of the small reservoir 1 by adopting precast concrete, a water outlet is connected with the aqueduct 102 with the same diameter, the underwater forest 103 is arranged in a water body with the water depth of 1.2m of the small reservoir 1, and the ecological floating bed 104 is arranged on the surface of the water body of the small reservoir 1; the water distribution channel 2 comprises a water distribution pipe 201 and a first groove 202; the water inlet end of the first groove 202 is connected with the water guide pipe 102, and four rows of water distribution pipes 201 are arranged at the water outlet end at equal intervals; the ecological ditch 3 comprises filler 301 and submerged plant groups 302; the filler 301 is arranged at the bottom of the ecological ditch 3, and the submerged plant group 302 is planted in the filler 301; the ecological ridge 4 comprises engineering strains 401, super-enriched plants 402, shrubs 403 and turf 404; mixing and accumulating the engineering strains 401 and the polluted soil to form a trapezoidal ridge, planting hyper-enrichment plants 402 and shrubs 403 at the upper end of the ridge, and forming an ecological ridge 4 on a ridge ladder slope by adopting a turf slope protection; the overflow tank 5 comprises an overflow pipe 501 and a second groove 502; the water inlet end of the second groove 502 is connected with the ecological ditch 3, and four rows of overflow pipes 501 are arranged at the water outlet end at equal intervals.
The number of the ecological ditches 3 is fifteen levels, each level of ecological ditch 3 is an inverted trapezoidal ditch with the lower end width of 60cm and the height of 70cm and the included angle of two inclined edges and the horizontal plane of 50 degrees; the ecological barrier ridge 4 is a trapezoidal barrier ridge with the upper end being 60cm wide, the lower end being 90cm wide and the height being 70 cm; the coverage of the ecological floating bed 104 is 50%.
Said underwater forest 103 is composed of curly pondweed, bitter grass and Yile algae, and its planting density is 60 plants/m2(ii) a The ecological floating bed 104 is composed of HDPE floating bases, emergent aquatic plants and elastic fillers, the emergent aquatic plants are composed of loosestrife and canna, and the elastic fillers are made of polyamide. The filler 301 is slag, the particle size is 1-2cm, and the thickness is 8 cm; the submerged plant group 302 consists of short tape grass and ear flower watermifoil, and the planting density is 64 plants/m2(ii) a The engineering strain 401 is saccharomycete, and the stirring ratio of the engineering strain to soil is 28kg/m3(ii) a The hyper-enriched plant 402 is plantain; the shrub 403 is ligustrum quihoui; the turf 404 is zoysia japonica.
Utilize the utility model discloses the ecosystem restores the method of polluting soil who provides, include following step:
s1, the pond weir 1 is filled with sewage of leached soil, and organic matters, nitrogen and phosphorus in the sewage are degraded through an aqueous ecological system formed by an underwater forest 103 and an ecological floating bed 104;
s2, pumping the sewage treated in the step S1 into a water guide pipe 102 through a lifting pump 101, lifting the sewage to the water distribution channel 2, and uniformly distributing the sewage to the ecological ditch 3 through a water distribution pipe 201; on one hand, the pollutants in the sewage are adsorbed and degraded by using the filler 301 and the submerged plant group 302 paved at the bottom of the ecological ditch 3; on the other hand, the ecological barriers 4 arranged at two sides of the ecological ditch 3 are utilized to metabolize and degrade organic matters in soil, adsorb and solidify heavy metals and absorb eutrophic substances in sewage;
s3, degrading the sewage treated in the step S2 by the fifteen-level ecological ditch 3, flowing into the overflow tank 5, precipitating silt in the sewage, and then refluxing to the small reservoir 1, and performing reciprocating circulation in this way.
The above examples only represent some embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, several changes and modifications can be made, which are within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (8)

1. An ecosystem for remediating contaminated soil, comprising: the ecological system comprises a pond weir (1), a water distribution channel (2), an ecological ditch (3) and an overflow pool (5); the small reservoir (1) is connected with the water distribution channel (2), the water distribution channel (2) is connected with the ecological ditch (3), the ecological ditch (3) is connected with the overflow pool (5), and the overflow pool (5) is connected with the small reservoir (1); the earth walls on the two sides of the ecological ditch (3) are used as ecological banks (4);
the pond weir (1) comprises a lifting pump (101), a water guide pipe (102), an underwater forest (103) and an ecological floating bed (104); the lift pump (101) is fixed at the bottom of the pond weir (1) by adopting precast concrete, a water outlet is connected with the water guide pipe (102) with the same diameter, the underwater forest (103) is arranged in a water body with the depth of 1-1.5m of the water of the pond weir (1), and the ecological floating bed (104) is arranged on the surface of the water body of the pond weir (1);
the water distribution channel (2) comprises a water distribution pipe (201) and a first groove (202); the water inlet end of the first groove (202) is connected with the water guide pipe (102), and water distribution pipes (201) are arranged at the water outlet end at equal intervals;
the ecological ditch (3) comprises filler (301) and submerged plant groups (302); the filling (301) is arranged at the bottom of the ecological ditch (3), and the submerged plant group (302) is planted in the filling (301);
the ecological ridge (4) comprises engineering strains (401), super-enriched plants (402), shrubs (403) and turf (404); mixing and accumulating the engineering strains (401) and the polluted soil to form a trapezoidal ridge, planting hyper-enriched plants (402) and shrubs (403) at the upper end of the ridge, and forming an ecological ridge (4) on the ridge ladder slope by adopting a turf protection slope;
the overflow tank (5) comprises an overflow pipe (501) and a second groove (502); the water inlet end of the second groove (502) is connected with the ecological ditch (3), and overflow pipes (501) are arranged at the water outlet end at equal intervals.
2. The ecosystem for remediating contaminated soil according to claim 1, wherein: the ecological ditches (3) are two or more than two stages.
3. The ecosystem for remediating contaminated soil according to claim 1, wherein: the ecological ditch (3) is an inverted trapezoidal ditch with the lower end width of 40-60cm, the height of 50-70cm and the included angle of two inclined edges and the horizontal plane of 30-60 degrees.
4. The ecosystem for remediating contaminated soil according to claim 1, wherein: the ecological barrier ridge (4) is a trapezoidal barrier ridge with the upper end being 40-60cm wide, the lower end being 70-90cm wide and the height being 50-70 cm.
5. The ecosystem for remediating contaminated soil according to claim 1, wherein: the coverage rate of the ecological floating bed (104) is 30-50%.
6. An ecosystem for remediating contaminated soil according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein:
the underwater forest (103) can be any one or combination of any several of hydrilla verticillata, curly pondweed, tape grass and helenoides;
the ecological floating bed (104) consists of a floating base, emergent aquatic plants and elastic fillers; the emergent aquatic plant can be any one or the combination of any several of saxifrage, loosestrife and canna; the elastic filler is made of polyamide.
7. An ecosystem for remediating contaminated soil according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein:
the filler (301) is slag or zeolite, the particle size is 1-2cm, and the thickness is 5-10 cm;
the submerged plant group (302) can be any one of or the combination of short tape grass and foxtail spicatum.
8. An ecosystem for remediating contaminated soil according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein:
the engineering strain (401) can be any one or combination of any more of sulfate reducing bacteria, yeast or bacillus megatherium;
the hyper-enriched plant (402) can be any one or the combination of any several of vetiver, ciliate desert-grass, sedum aizoon, plantain or Thalasia alata;
the shrub (403) can be any one or combination of any more of ligustrum quihoui, buxus sinica or yunnan yellow jasmine;
the turf (404) is zoysia japonica.
CN201921522249.3U 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Ecological system for restoring polluted soil Active CN211027497U (en)

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CN201921522249.3U CN211027497U (en) 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 Ecological system for restoring polluted soil

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CN211027497U true CN211027497U (en) 2020-07-17

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