CN211020112U - Straw treatment device - Google Patents

Straw treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211020112U
CN211020112U CN201921787369.6U CN201921787369U CN211020112U CN 211020112 U CN211020112 U CN 211020112U CN 201921787369 U CN201921787369 U CN 201921787369U CN 211020112 U CN211020112 U CN 211020112U
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China
Prior art keywords
fixed
side wall
grinding roller
worm
crushing
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Active
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CN201921787369.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王海龙
崔志勇
夏力冰
沈宏雷
周庆涛
王晓宇
朱梅梅
许磊
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Harbin Honglian Technology Development Co ltd
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Harbin Honglian Technology Development Co ltd
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Priority to CN201921787369.6U priority Critical patent/CN211020112U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a straw treatment device, including handling the case, the top lateral wall of handling the case is fixed with crushing case, the internally mounted of crushing case has the crushing roller that the symmetry set up, the both ends of crushing roller all are fixed with the pivot, the other end of pivot rotates with crushing case lateral wall to be connected, the bottom lateral wall of crushing case is fixed with the discharging pipe, the below of discharging pipe is provided with the conical plate, the top lateral wall of conical plate is fixed with the connecting rod that the symmetry set up, the one end that the conical plate was kept away from to the connecting rod is fixed with crushing case bottom lateral wall, the below of conical plate is provided with first grinding roller and second grinding roller, and the second grinding roller is located the below of first grinding roller. The utility model discloses can smash the back to the straw, grind the processing to the straw after smashing, make and smash more thoroughly, can smash roller and grinding roller through a driving source simultaneous drive moreover, low in manufacturing cost has improved the practicality.

Description

Straw treatment device
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a straw treatment technical field especially relates to a straw treatment device.
Background
The straw is a general term of stem leaf (ear) part of mature crops. Typically refers to the remainder of the wheat, rice, corn, potatoes, oilseed rape, cotton, sugar cane and other crops (typically roughages) after harvesting the seed. More than half of the products of crop photosynthesis exist in the straws, and the straws are rich in nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, organic matters and the like, are multipurpose renewable biological resources, and are also coarse feed. It features high coarse fibre content (30-40%), and lignin content. Although the lignocellulose cannot be utilized by pigs and chickens, the lignocellulose can be absorbed and utilized by livestock such as ruminants, cattle and sheep.
In the existing straw treatment process, straws are generally crushed and then subjected to subsequent treatment, in the crushing process, a crusher is generally used for crushing, and the crushed straws are still large, so that a straw treatment device is provided.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model aims at solving the defects existing in the prior art and providing a straw treatment device.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
a straw treatment device comprises a treatment box, wherein a crushing box is fixed on the top side wall of the treatment box, crushing rollers symmetrically arranged are installed inside the crushing box, rotating shafts are fixed at the two ends of each crushing roller, the other end of each rotating shaft is rotationally connected with the side wall of the crushing box, a discharging pipe is fixed on the bottom side wall of the crushing box, a conical plate is arranged below the discharging pipe, connecting rods symmetrically arranged are fixed on the top side wall of the conical plate, one end, away from the conical plate, of each connecting rod is fixed on the side wall of the bottom of the crushing box, a first grinding roller and a second grinding roller are arranged below the conical plate, the second grinding roller is located below the first grinding roller and fixed between the first grinding roller and the second grinding roller, a first shaft body is fixed on the top side wall of the first grinding roller, a second shaft body is fixed on the bottom side wall of the second grinding roller, and the other end of the first shaft body is rotationally connected with the bottom side wall of the conical plate, the other end of the second shaft body is fixed with the side wall of the bottom end of the treatment box.
Preferably, the bottom side wall of the treatment box is provided with symmetrically arranged discharge ports, the outer side wall of the treatment box is fixed with symmetrically arranged support seats, a support plate is fixed between the support seats, and the collection box is placed at the top end of the support plate.
Preferably, a first connecting plate is fixed on the outer wall of one side of the processing box, a second connecting plate which is vertically arranged is fixed on one side of the bottom end of the first connecting plate, a driving motor is fixed on the second connecting plate, a first connecting shaft is fixed on an output shaft of the driving motor through a coupler, and a first bevel gear is fixed inside the processing box and extends to one end, far away from the driving motor, of the first connecting shaft.
Preferably, a second bevel gear is sleeved on the outer side wall of the first shaft body in a tight fit mode, and the first bevel gear and the second bevel gear are in meshed transmission connection.
Preferably, one side inner wall of crushing case rotates and is connected with the second connecting axle, and the one end of second connecting axle extends to crushing case outside and is connected with the rotation of second connecting plate lateral wall, be fixed with first worm on the second connecting axle, the lateral wall of pivot is fixed with first worm wheel, and meshes the transmission between first worm and the first worm wheel and be connected.
Preferably, the bottom lateral wall of first connecting plate rotates and is connected with the third connecting axle, the other end and one of them of third connecting axle the supporting seat top rotates and connects, be fixed with second worm wheel and third worm wheel on the third connecting axle, be fixed with the second worm on the first connecting axle, be fixed with the third worm on the second connecting axle, and the second worm wheel is connected with the meshing transmission of second worm, the third worm wheel is connected with the meshing transmission of third worm.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
1, through the matching of the arranged crushing roller and the first grinding roller and the second grinding roller, the crushed straws can be ground, so that the crushing is more thorough;
through the matching among the arranged driving motor, the first connecting shaft, the second connecting shaft, the third connecting shaft, the first worm, the second worm, the third worm, the first bevel gear and the second bevel gear, the crushing roller and the grinding roller can be driven by one driving source at the same time, the manufacturing cost is low, and the practicability is improved;
the utility model discloses can smash the back to the straw, grind the processing to the straw after smashing, make and smash more thoroughly, can smash roller and grinding roller through a driving source simultaneous drive moreover, low in manufacturing cost has improved the practicality.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a main view of the straw treatment device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged schematic structural diagram of a part a of the straw treatment device provided by the utility model.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the straw treatment device with the third worm wheel and the third worm.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1-3, a straw treatment device comprises a treatment box 1, a crushing box 2 is fixed on the top side wall of the treatment box 1, symmetrically arranged crushing rollers 3 are installed inside the crushing box 2, rotating shafts 4 are fixed on both ends of the crushing rollers 3, the other end of each rotating shaft 4 is rotatably connected with the side wall of the crushing box 2, a discharge pipe 5 is fixed on the bottom side wall of the crushing box 2, a conical plate 6 is arranged below the discharge pipe 5, symmetrically arranged connecting rods 7 are fixed on the top side wall of the conical plate 6, one end of each connecting rod 7 far away from the conical plate 6 is fixed on the bottom side wall of the crushing box 2, a first grinding roller 8 and a second grinding roller 9 are arranged below the conical plate 6, the second grinding roller 9 is arranged below the first grinding roller 8, a first shaft body 10 is fixed between the first grinding roller 8 and the second grinding roller 9, the bottom end side wall of the second grinding roller 9 is fixed with a second shaft body, the other end of the first shaft body 10 is rotatably connected with the bottom end side wall of the conical plate 6, and the other end of the second shaft body is fixed with the bottom end side wall of the treatment box 1.
Handle the bottom lateral wall of case 1 and offer the discharge gate 14 that the symmetry set up, the lateral wall of handling case 1 is fixed with the supporting seat 11 that the symmetry set up, be fixed with backup pad 12 between the supporting seat 11, collecting box 13 has been placed on the top of backup pad 12, one side outer wall of handling case 1 is fixed with first connecting plate 15, bottom one side of first connecting plate 15 is fixed with the second connecting plate 16 of perpendicular setting, be fixed with driving motor 17 on the second connecting plate 16, driving motor 17's output shaft is fixed with first connecting shaft 18 through the shaft coupling, the one end that driving motor 17 was kept away from to first connecting shaft 18 extends to and handles case 1 inside and is fixed with first bevel gear 19, second bevel gear 20 has been cup jointed in the lateral wall close-fitting of first shaft 10, and meshing transmission is connected between first bevel gear 19 and the second bevel gear.
The inner wall of one side of the crushing box 2 is rotatably connected with a second connecting shaft 21, one end of the second connecting shaft 21 extends to the outside of the crushing box 2 and is rotatably connected with the side wall of a second connecting plate 16, a first worm 22 is fixed on the second connecting shaft 21, a first worm wheel 23 is fixed on the outer side wall of the rotating shaft 4, the first worm 22 is in meshing transmission connection with the first worm wheel 23, the side wall of the bottom end of the first connecting plate 15 is rotatably connected with a third connecting shaft 24, the other end of the third connecting shaft 24 is rotatably connected with the top of one of the supporting seats 11, a second worm wheel 25 and a third worm wheel 26 are fixed on the third connecting shaft 24, a second worm is fixed on the first connecting shaft 18, a third worm 27 is fixed on the second connecting shaft 21, the second worm wheel is in meshing transmission connection with the second worm 2, and the third worm wheel 26 is in meshing transmission connection with the.
The working principle is as follows: when the straw is treated, the driving motor 17 is started, the driving motor 17 drives the first connecting shaft 18 to rotate, the first connecting shaft 18 drives the first bevel gear 19 to rotate, the first bevel gear 19 and the second bevel gear 20 are in meshing transmission to drive the first shaft body 10 to rotate, the first shaft body 10 drives the first grinding roller 8 and the second grinding roller 9 to rotate, meanwhile, the first connecting shaft 18 drives the second worm to rotate in the rotating process, the second worm is in meshing transmission with the second worm gear 25 to drive the third connecting shaft 24 to rotate, the third connecting shaft 24 drives the third worm gear 26 to rotate, the third worm gear 26 is in meshing transmission with the third worm 27 to drive the second connecting shaft 21 to rotate, the second connecting shaft 21 drives the first worm 22 to rotate, the first worm 22 is in meshing transmission with the first worm gear 23 to drive the rotating shaft 4 to rotate, the rotating shaft 4 drives the grinding roller 3 to rotate, put into the straw from inlet pipe 28, the straw gets into between two crushing rollers 3, through crushing roller 3 rotation in opposite directions, smash the straw, the straw after smashing falls on the top of conical plate 6 through discharging pipe 5, through the inclined plane at conical plate 6 top, make the straw fall on first grinding roller 8, second grinding roller 9 with handle between the case 1 lateral wall, and simultaneously, first grinding roller 8, second grinding roller 9 carries out the rotation in-process, grind once more smashing the straw after smashing, the straw after smashing falls into collecting box 13 from discharge gate 14 and collects.
The above, only be the concrete implementation of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art is in the technical scope of the present invention, according to the technical solution of the present invention and the utility model, the concept of which is equivalent to replace or change, should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A straw treatment device comprises a treatment box and is characterized in that a crushing box is fixed on the side wall of the top end of the treatment box, crushing rollers symmetrically arranged are installed inside the crushing box, rotating shafts are fixed at the two ends of each crushing roller, the other end of each rotating shaft is rotationally connected with the side wall of the crushing box, a discharge pipe is fixed on the side wall of the bottom end of the crushing box, a conical plate is arranged below the discharge pipe, symmetrically arranged connecting rods are fixed on the side wall of the top end of the conical plate, one end, away from the conical plate, of each connecting rod is fixed on the side wall of the bottom end of the crushing box, a first grinding roller and a second grinding roller are arranged below the conical plate, the second grinding roller is located below the first grinding roller and fixed between the first grinding roller and the second grinding roller, a first shaft body is fixed on the side wall of the top end of the first grinding roller, and a second shaft body is fixed on the side wall of the bottom end, and the other end of the first shaft body is rotatably connected with the side wall of the bottom end of the conical plate, and the other end of the second shaft body is fixed with the side wall of the bottom end of the treatment box.
2. The straw treatment device according to claim 1, wherein the bottom side wall of the treatment box is provided with symmetrically arranged discharge ports, the outer side wall of the treatment box is fixed with symmetrically arranged support seats, a support plate is fixed between the support seats, and a collection box is placed at the top end of the support plate.
3. The straw treatment device according to claim 1, wherein a first connecting plate is fixed on the outer wall of one side of the treatment box, a second connecting plate which is vertically arranged is fixed on one side of the bottom end of the first connecting plate, a driving motor is fixed on the second connecting plate, a first connecting shaft is fixed on an output shaft of the driving motor through a coupling, and a first bevel gear is fixed inside the treatment box and extends from one end of the first connecting shaft, which is far away from the driving motor.
4. The straw treatment device according to claim 1, wherein a second bevel gear is sleeved on the outer side wall of the first shaft body in a tight fit manner, and the first bevel gear and the second bevel gear are in meshed transmission connection.
5. The straw treatment device according to claim 2, wherein a second connecting shaft is rotatably connected to an inner wall of one side of the crushing box, one end of the second connecting shaft extends to the outside of the crushing box and is rotatably connected to a side wall of the second connecting plate, a first worm is fixed to the second connecting shaft, a first worm wheel is fixed to an outer side wall of the rotating shaft, and the first worm is in meshing transmission connection with the first worm wheel.
6. The straw treatment device according to claim 5, wherein a third connecting shaft is rotatably connected to a side wall of the bottom end of the first connecting plate, the other end of the third connecting shaft is rotatably connected to the top of one of the supporting seats, a second worm wheel and a third worm wheel are fixed to the third connecting shaft, a second worm is fixed to the first connecting shaft, a third worm is fixed to the second connecting shaft, the second worm wheel is in meshed transmission with the second worm, and the third worm wheel is in meshed transmission with the third worm.
CN201921787369.6U 2019-10-23 2019-10-23 Straw treatment device Active CN211020112U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921787369.6U CN211020112U (en) 2019-10-23 2019-10-23 Straw treatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921787369.6U CN211020112U (en) 2019-10-23 2019-10-23 Straw treatment device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211020112U true CN211020112U (en) 2020-07-17

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ID=71528830

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921787369.6U Active CN211020112U (en) 2019-10-23 2019-10-23 Straw treatment device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN211020112U (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112273061A (en) * 2020-10-29 2021-01-29 贵州金农富平生态农牧科技有限公司 Silage processingequipment of steady voltage control
CN112495506A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-03-16 朱宜乐 Energy-conserving reducing mechanism of high efficiency
CN113600309A (en) * 2021-07-13 2021-11-05 威海海洋职业学院 Accounting document processing apparatus for financial sharing
CN114395470A (en) * 2021-12-14 2022-04-26 安徽科技学院 Fermentation treatment device for straw composting

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112273061A (en) * 2020-10-29 2021-01-29 贵州金农富平生态农牧科技有限公司 Silage processingequipment of steady voltage control
CN112273061B (en) * 2020-10-29 2021-11-23 贵州金农富平生态农牧科技有限公司 Silage processingequipment of steady voltage control
CN112495506A (en) * 2020-12-21 2021-03-16 朱宜乐 Energy-conserving reducing mechanism of high efficiency
CN113600309A (en) * 2021-07-13 2021-11-05 威海海洋职业学院 Accounting document processing apparatus for financial sharing
CN114395470A (en) * 2021-12-14 2022-04-26 安徽科技学院 Fermentation treatment device for straw composting

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