CN211011443U - Biomass fuel boiler receives dust collector - Google Patents

Biomass fuel boiler receives dust collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211011443U
CN211011443U CN201922045480.4U CN201922045480U CN211011443U CN 211011443 U CN211011443 U CN 211011443U CN 201922045480 U CN201922045480 U CN 201922045480U CN 211011443 U CN211011443 U CN 211011443U
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China
Prior art keywords
boiler
biomass fuel
chamber
dust
dust collecting
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CN201922045480.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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韦联安
韦明昌
谭松林
兰溆
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Hechi Jinxing Biotechnology Co ltd
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Hechi Jinxing Biotechnology Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/30Technologies for a more efficient combustion or heat usage

Abstract

The utility model discloses a biomass fuel boiler receives dust collector, the utility model relates to a boiler dust removal field. Dust collector is received to biomass fuel boiler includes: boiler, energy-saving appliance, settling chamber, spark chamber, cloth bag dust collecting chamber, motor reciprocating vibration device, induced draft fan and chimney. Receive dust collector and establish in the outside of boiler body, mainly solved current biomass fuel boiler and received dust collector dust removal step singleness, the dust collection efficiency is low and flue gas temperature control is unsatisfactory and arouses the problem that sack removed dust burnt and block up easily. The device can be used for biomass fuel boilers and can also be used for coal-fired and mixed fuel boilers; can effectively control the temperature of the flue gas and prolong the service life of the cloth bag, and has the advantages of high dust removal efficiency, good effect, continuous and quick ash removal, avoidance of blockage of the cloth bag and in a boiler pipeline, improvement of the combustion efficiency of the biomass fuel, realization of waste heat recycling, energy conservation, consumption reduction, pollution reduction, and the like.

Description

Biomass fuel boiler receives dust collector
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a boiler dust removal field especially relates to a biomass fuel boiler receives dust collector.
Background
The boiler is an energy conversion device; the fuel with heat energy is input into the boiler, and steam, high-temperature water or organic heat carrier with certain heat energy is output outwards after being converted by the boiler for the production and living needs of people. The biomass fuel is renewable energy, the biomass combustion technology is undoubtedly suitable for the development requirement of energy in China, and biomass boilers are paid more and more attention, researched and developed. In the prior art, in order to more effectively utilize biomass energy, a combustion technology of biomass forming particles is widely adopted, biomass fuel gradually replaces coal, diesel oil, natural gas and the like as main fuel for combustion of the existing boiler, and the biomass fuel boiler heats water through smoke gas.
At present, a biomass boiler is generally formed by improving a coal-fired boiler, the structure of a hearth heating surface is adopted for the structure of the coal-fired boiler, but due to the characteristic of high biomass volatile matter, the smoke temperature of a smoke outlet of the biomass boiler is overhigh and is generally as high as 300 ℃ plus 400 ℃, the smoke temperature still reaches 300 ℃ plus 200 ℃ after passing through a boiler economizer, and open fire particles possibly exist in smoke, so that economic loss is caused, and the rear bag-type dust collector equipment is endangered. At present, various boilers are used in industry, agriculture and people's life, the boilers can generate smoke and dust to be discharged into the atmosphere, the smoke and dust more or less contain harmful substances which pollute the environment, and the environment of people's life and work can be greatly damaged. Therefore, how to reduce the smoke emission of the boiler is a problem to be solved urgently.
The above background disclosure is only provided to aid in understanding the concepts and technical solutions of the present invention, and it does not necessarily belong to the prior art of the present patent application, and it should not be used to assess the novelty and inventive step of the present application without explicit evidence that the above content has been disclosed at the filing date of the present patent application.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a biomass fuel boiler receives dust collector to it is single to solve the biomass fuel boiler that prior art exists and receive dust collector dust removal step, and the dust collection efficiency is low and flue gas temperature control is unsatisfactory, arouses the dust removal sack to burn and the technical problem who blocks up easily.
Therefore, the utility model provides a following scheme:
a biomass fuel boiler dust collecting device comprises: the device comprises a boiler, an energy saver, a settling chamber, a spark blocking chamber, a cloth bag dust collecting chamber, a motor reciprocating vibration device, an induced draft fan and a chimney; wherein, the boiler flue gas outlet is connected with the economizer flue gas inlet; the flue gas outlet of the energy saver is connected with the flue gas inlet of the settling chamber; the settling chamber flue gas outlet is connected with the flue gas inlet of the spark blocking chamber; the smoke outlet of the fire-blocking star chamber is connected with the smoke inlet of the cloth bag dust collecting chamber; the flue gas outlet of the bag dust collecting chamber is connected with the flue gas inlet of the induced draft fan; the smoke outlet of the induced draft fan is connected with the smoke inlet of the chimney.
Preferably, the bottom of the boiler is provided with a blower, and the blower is connected with the boiler through an air inlet.
Preferably, the boiler is provided with a steam outlet pipe at the top.
Preferably, a soft water pipe is arranged in the economizer.
Preferably, the bottom of the settling chamber is provided with a cleaning opening.
Preferably, a dust removal screen is arranged at the top of the fire-blocking star chamber.
Preferably, a motor reciprocating vibration device is arranged in the cloth bag dust collecting chamber.
Preferably, the motor reciprocating vibration device is provided with a dust removal pull rod.
Preferably, a triangular dust collecting cone is arranged at the bottom of the cloth bag dust collecting chamber.
The utility model discloses beneficial effect with the prior art contrast includes:
the dust collecting and removing device can be used for biomass fuel boilers and can also be used for coal-fired and mixed fuel boilers; the technical problems that the dust collecting and removing device of the biomass fuel boiler in the prior art is single in dust removing step, low in dust removing efficiency, unsatisfactory in flue gas temperature control and easy to cause coking and blockage of a dust removing cloth bag are solved. The device can effectively control the temperature of the flue gas, prolong the service life of the cloth bag, has high dust removal efficiency and good dust removal effect, can continuously and quickly remove dust, avoids the blockage of the cloth bag in a boiler pipeline, improves the combustion efficiency of biomass fuel, and recycles waste heat to achieve the purposes of saving energy, reducing consumption and reducing pollution.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a structural diagram of the dust collector of the biomass fuel boiler of the utility model.
Wherein, 1 is a boiler, 2 is a blower, 3 is a steam output pipe, 4 is an economizer, 5 is a settling chamber, 6 is a cleaning opening, 7 is a spark blocking chamber, 8 is a dust removal screen, 9 is a cloth bag dust collecting chamber, 10 is a motor reciprocating vibration device, 11, 12 and 13 are cone valves, 14 is an induced draft fan, and 15 is a chimney.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings in conjunction with the following embodiments. It should be emphasized that the following description is merely exemplary in nature and is not intended to limit the scope of the invention or its application.
Non-limiting and non-exclusive embodiments will be described with reference to the following figures, wherein like reference numerals refer to like parts, unless otherwise specified.
Example 1
A biomass fuel boiler dust collecting device comprises: the device comprises a boiler 1, an energy saver 4, a settling chamber 5, a spark blocking chamber 7, a cloth bag dust collecting chamber 9, a motor reciprocating vibration device 10, an induced draft fan 14 and a chimney 15; wherein, the smoke outlet of the boiler 1 is connected with the smoke inlet of the energy saver 4; the flue gas outlet of the energy saver 4 is connected with the flue gas inlet of the settling chamber 5; the flue gas outlet of the settling chamber 5 is connected with the flue gas inlet of the spark blocking chamber 7; the smoke outlet of the spark blocking chamber 7 is connected with the smoke inlet of the cloth bag dust collecting chamber 9; the flue gas outlet of the bag dust collecting chamber 9 is connected with the flue gas inlet of the induced draft fan 14; the smoke outlet of the induced draft fan 14 is connected with the smoke inlet of the chimney 15.
The bottom of the boiler 1 is provided with an air blower 2, and the air blower 2 is connected with the boiler 1 through an air inlet.
And a steam output pipe 3 is arranged at the top of the boiler 1.
A soft water pipe is arranged in the energy saver 4.
The bottom of the settling chamber 5 is provided with a cleaning port 6.
And a dedusting screen 8 is arranged at the top 7 of the fire-blocking star chamber.
The bag dust collecting chamber is internally provided with a motor reciprocating vibration device 10.
The motor reciprocating vibration device 10 is provided with a dust removal pull rod.
The bottom of the bag dust collecting chamber 9 is provided with a triangular dust collecting cone, and the bottom of the triangular dust collecting cone is provided with cone valves 11, 12 and 13.
The biomass fuel boiler dust collecting and removing device and the energy saver 4 are used for receiving high-temperature flue gas generated by the biomass fuel boiler 1; under the action of a blower 2 blowing a fan 14, smoke dust generated after the substances in the boiler 1 are combusted enters the energy saver 4 through a furnace tube and exchanges heat with soft water in the energy saver 4; so as to achieve the purpose of waste heat recovery; the dust temperature can be reduced, and the dust temperature entering the next-stage dust removal device can be reduced. The settling chamber 5 can block and collect most of large-particle smoke dust, a spark-blocking dust removal screen 8 is arranged in the spark blocking chamber 7, and the smoke dust with sparks is blocked from entering the cloth bag dust collecting chamber 9, so that the cloth bag is prevented from being burnt. And a cloth bag dust removal chamber 9 is arranged on the right side of the spark blocking chamber 7. The bag dust collecting chamber 9 is provided with a motor reciprocating vibration device 10, a dust removing pull rod connected with the motor reciprocating vibration device 10 can clean the dust attached to the inner surface of the bag, so that the dust falls into a triangular pyramid, and cone valves 11, 12 and 13 arranged at the bottom of the triangular dust collecting pyramid can be opened to remove the falling dust. The right side of the cloth bag dust collecting chamber 9 is provided with an induced draft fan 14 which plays a role of generating attraction force towards the direction of a chimney 15 to the smoke dust and can blow clean smoke to the air through the chimney 15.
The dust collecting and removing device can be used for biomass fuel boilers and can also be used for coal-fired and mixed fuel boilers; the device can effectively control the temperature of the flue gas, prolong the service life of the cloth bag, has high dust removal efficiency and good dust removal effect, can continuously and quickly remove dust, avoids the blockage of the cloth bag in a boiler pipeline, improves the combustion efficiency of biomass fuel, and recycles waste heat to achieve the purposes of saving energy, reducing consumption and reducing pollution.
Those skilled in the art will recognize that numerous variations are possible in light of the above description, and therefore the examples and drawings are merely intended to describe one or more specific embodiments.
The foregoing is a more detailed description of the invention, taken in conjunction with specific/preferred embodiments, and it is not intended that the invention be limited to the specific embodiments shown and described. For those skilled in the art to which the invention pertains, a plurality of alternatives or modifications can be made to the described embodiments without departing from the concept of the invention, and these alternatives or modifications should be considered as belonging to the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a biomass fuel boiler dust collector, its characterized in that includes: the device comprises a boiler, an energy saver, a settling chamber, a spark blocking chamber, a cloth bag dust collecting chamber, a motor reciprocating vibration device, an induced draft fan and a chimney; wherein, the boiler flue gas outlet is connected with the economizer flue gas inlet; the flue gas outlet of the energy saver is connected with the flue gas inlet of the settling chamber; the settling chamber flue gas outlet is connected with the flue gas inlet of the spark blocking chamber; the smoke outlet of the fire-blocking star chamber is connected with the smoke inlet of the cloth bag dust collecting chamber; the flue gas outlet of the bag dust collecting chamber is connected with the flue gas inlet of the induced draft fan; the smoke outlet of the induced draft fan is connected with the smoke inlet of the chimney.
2. The dust collector of biomass fuel boiler as claimed in claim 1, wherein the bottom of the boiler is provided with a blower, and the blower is connected with the boiler through an air inlet.
3. The biomass fuel boiler dust collecting device of claim 1 or 2, wherein the top of the boiler is provided with a steam output pipe.
4. The dust collector of biomass fuel boiler according to claim 1, characterized in that a soft water pipe is arranged in the economizer.
5. The biomass fuel boiler dust collecting device of claim 1, wherein the bottom of the settling chamber is provided with a cleaning opening.
6. The biomass fuel boiler dust collecting device as recited in claim 1, wherein a dust removing screen is arranged on the top of the fire-blocking star chamber.
7. The dust collector of biomass fuel boiler as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cloth bag dust collecting chamber is provided with a motor reciprocating vibration device.
8. The biomass fuel boiler dust collecting and removing device as recited in claim 7, wherein the motor reciprocating vibration device is provided with a dust removing pull rod.
9. The biomass fuel boiler dust collecting and removing device as claimed in claim 1 or 7, wherein a triangular dust collecting cone is arranged at the bottom of the cloth bag dust collecting chamber.
CN201922045480.4U 2019-11-25 2019-11-25 Biomass fuel boiler receives dust collector Active CN211011443U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922045480.4U CN211011443U (en) 2019-11-25 2019-11-25 Biomass fuel boiler receives dust collector

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201922045480.4U CN211011443U (en) 2019-11-25 2019-11-25 Biomass fuel boiler receives dust collector

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211011443U true CN211011443U (en) 2020-07-14

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CN201922045480.4U Active CN211011443U (en) 2019-11-25 2019-11-25 Biomass fuel boiler receives dust collector

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113551251A (en) * 2021-07-20 2021-10-26 上海申东环保科技有限公司 Cremation machine tail gas purification treatment system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113551251A (en) * 2021-07-20 2021-10-26 上海申东环保科技有限公司 Cremation machine tail gas purification treatment system

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