CN211001848U - Plant protection fertilizer injection unit based on unmanned aerial vehicle - Google Patents

Plant protection fertilizer injection unit based on unmanned aerial vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN211001848U
CN211001848U CN201921666492.2U CN201921666492U CN211001848U CN 211001848 U CN211001848 U CN 211001848U CN 201921666492 U CN201921666492 U CN 201921666492U CN 211001848 U CN211001848 U CN 211001848U
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China
Prior art keywords
box
aerial vehicle
unmanned aerial
fertilizer
belt pulley
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201921666492.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈曦
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Henan Guyi Automation Technology Co ltd
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Henan Guyi Automation Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN201921666492.2U priority Critical patent/CN211001848U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a plant protection fertilizer injection unit based on unmanned aerial vehicle, including the unmanned aerial vehicle fuselage, the can fertilizer, fertilizer feed mechanism, including a motor, an end cap, a controller, and a cover plate, discharging device and charge level indicator, the can fertilizer includes the box and sets up in the case lid of box top, the case lid is fixed with the mounting bracket of unmanned aerial vehicle fuselage lower extreme, the side of box is provided with the charge door, fertilizer feed mechanism is including setting up the two-way auger in the bottom half and setting up the first belt pulley in two-way auger one end, the pivot tip of motor is provided with the second belt pulley, the motor is fixed with a lateral surface of box, first belt pulley passes through the belt with the second belt pulley and is connected, discharging device is fixed with the bottom of box. The utility model discloses possess the little advantage of simple structure, equipment occupation space, the unmanned aerial vehicle of being convenient for carries on, in addition the utility model discloses a fertilization operation's mechanization has improved fertilization efficiency effectively, improves fertilization effect.

Description

Plant protection fertilizer injection unit based on unmanned aerial vehicle
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a plant protection unmanned aerial vehicle technical field, concretely relates to plant protection fertilizer injection unit based on unmanned aerial vehicle.
Background
The unmanned aerial vehicle operates an unmanned plane by utilizing a radio remote control device and a self-contained program control device, and can be divided into an unmanned helicopter, an unmanned fixed wing aircraft, an unmanned multi-rotor aircraft, an unmanned airship, an unmanned parachute wing aircraft and the like from the technical perspective. For military use, unmanned aerial vehicle divide into reconnaissance aircraft and target drone, and civilian unmanned aerial vehicle can be used as fields such as aerial photograph, agricultural plant protection, survey and drawing, and unmanned aerial vehicle in the aspect of the agricultural plant protection mainly used fertilizes, sows and sprays insecticide.
Traditional agricultural fertilization operation is carried out manually usually, and not only fertilization inefficiency, fertilizer often can not be even when artifical fertilization spills moreover, leads to the fertilization effect relatively poor.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses a solve the not enough of prior art, provide one kind can improve fertilization efficiency, improve fertilization effect, simple structure, be convenient for unmanned aerial vehicle carry on plant protection fertilizer injection unit based on unmanned aerial vehicle.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a plant protection fertilizer injection unit based on unmanned aerial vehicle, includes can fertilizer, fertilizer feed mechanism, motor, discharging device and charge level indicator, the can fertilizer includes the box and sets up in the case lid of box top, and the side of box is provided with the charge door, fertilizer feed mechanism is including setting up the two-way auger of bottom half and setting up the first belt pulley in two-way auger one end, the pivot tip of motor is provided with the second belt pulley, and the motor is fixed with a lateral surface of box, first belt pulley passes through the belt with the second belt pulley and is connected, discharging device is fixed with the bottom of box, the charge level indicator is fixed with the lower terminal surface of case lid.
Further, the lower extreme of box sets up the auger chamber that is used for installing two-way auger, and two ends of two-way auger are passed through the bearing frame and are fixed with the rotatory of two outer terminal surfaces in auger chamber, and the bottom in auger chamber is provided with a plurality of discharge gates.
Furthermore, an audible and visual alarm is arranged on the outer side surface of the box body
Furthermore, discharging device includes the discharging pipe of fixing in discharge gate below and can dismantle the ejection of compact mouth of being connected with the discharging pipe lower extreme.
Furthermore, the upper end of the discharge nozzle is in threaded connection with the lower end of the discharge pipe, the diameter of the lower end of the discharge nozzle is gradually increased from top to bottom, and a plurality of uniformly distributed round holes are formed in the end face of the bottom of the discharge nozzle.
Has the advantages that:
1. the utility model realizes the mechanization of the fertilization operation and improves the fertilization efficiency;
2. the utility model has the advantages of simple structure and small occupied space of the device, and is convenient for carrying the unmanned aerial vehicle;
3. the utility model discloses the design of well two-way auger makes the discharging device unloading that the can of fertilizer bottom is different more even, improves fertilization effect.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the box cover of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the middle box body of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the box body of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a semi-sectional view of a middle tap of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a bottom view of the middle discharging nozzle of the present invention.
The reference numerals are explained below:
in the figure: 1. an unmanned aerial vehicle body; 2. a box body; 3. a motor; 4. a second pulley; 5. a belt; 6. a first pulley; 7. a discharge pipe; 8. a discharging nozzle; 801. a circular hole; 9. a bidirectional auger; 10. a bearing seat; 11. a packing auger cavity; 12. a feed inlet; 13. a box cover; 14. a level gauge; 15. an audible and visual alarm.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions of the present invention will be described in detail below. It is to be understood that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the invention, and not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-6, the utility model provides an unmanned aerial vehicle-based plant protection fertilizer injection unit, which comprises an unmanned aerial vehicle body 1, a fertilizer box, a fertilizer feeding mechanism, a motor 3, a discharging device and a level indicator 14; the fertilizer box comprises a box body 2 and a box cover 13 arranged above the box body 2, a plurality of mounting holes used for being fixed with a mounting frame at the lower end of an unmanned aerial vehicle body 1 are formed in the upper end face of the box cover 13, the box cover 13 is fixed with the unmanned aerial vehicle body 1 through bolts, and a feed inlet 12 used for adding fertilizer into the box body 2 is formed in the side face of the box body 2; the fertilizer feeding mechanism comprises a bidirectional auger 9 arranged at the bottom of the box body 2 and a first belt pulley 6 arranged at one end of the bidirectional auger 9, and auger blades arranged at two ends of the bidirectional auger 9 have opposite rotating directions; a second belt pulley 4 is arranged at the end part of a rotating shaft of the motor 3, the motor 3 is fixed with one outer side surface of the box body 2 through a bolt, and therefore a mounting hole matched with the motor 3 is further formed in the side surface of the box body 2; the first belt pulley 6 is connected with the second belt pulley 4 through a belt 5; the discharging device is fixed with the bottom of the box body 2, and the material level meter 14 is fixed with the lower end face of the box cover 13.
The utility model discloses in, the lower extreme of box 2 sets up the auger chamber 11 that is used for installing two-way auger 9, and two ends of two-way auger 9 are passed through bearing frame 10 and are rotatory fixed with the two outer terminal surfaces in auger chamber 11, and the bottom in auger chamber 11 is provided with a plurality of discharge gates, audible-visual annunciator 15 (the model is L TE-5061J) is installed to the lateral surface of box 2.
In the utility model, the discharging device comprises a discharging pipe 7 welded below the discharging port and a discharging nozzle 8 connected with the lower end of the discharging pipe 7 through threads; the diameter of the lower end of the discharging nozzle 8 is gradually increased from top to bottom, and the end face of the bottom of the discharging nozzle is provided with a plurality of uniformly distributed round holes 801.
The utility model discloses in, motor 3, charge level indicator 14 and audible-visual annunciator 15 all with unmanned aerial vehicle's control system electric connection, wherein charge level indicator 14 can be SICK UM30-211 series ultrasonic sensor.
When the unmanned aerial vehicle carries out the fertilization operation, the motor 4 is controlled by the control system of the unmanned aerial vehicle to drive the bidirectional auger 9 to rotate, the fertilizer at the bottom of the box body 2 moves to the two ends of the auger cavity 11 under the pushing action of the bidirectional auger 9, and then falls down from the round hole 801 of the discharge nozzle 8 to fertilize the farmland; the material level meter 14 detects the material level of the fertilizer in the box body 2 in real time and feeds detection information back to a control system of the unmanned aerial vehicle, when the material level of the fertilizer in the box body 2 is lowered to a preset lowest material level, the control system controls the unmanned aerial vehicle to automatically return to the air, and finally, the fertilizer is manually added; in the process of adding fertilizer, the material level of fertilizer in the box body 2 is also detected by the material level meter 14 in real time and detection information is fed back to the control system of the unmanned aerial vehicle, when the material level of the fertilizer in the box body 2 reaches the set highest material level, the acousto-optic alarm 15 is controlled by the control system to send out an alarm signal, and a worker is prompted to stop adding the fertilizer.
In conclusion, the utility model realizes the mechanization of the fertilization operation, and greatly improves the fertilization efficiency; the two-way auger 9 and the fertilizer box are designed in an integrated mode, so that the equipment structure is simplified, the occupied space of the equipment is reduced, and the unmanned aerial vehicle can be conveniently carried; furthermore, the utility model discloses the design of well two-way auger makes the different discharging device unloading of can of fertilize bottom more even, and fertilization effect is better.
The above description is only for the specific embodiments of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art can easily think of the changes or substitutions within the technical scope of the present invention, and all should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a plant protection fertilizer injection unit based on unmanned aerial vehicle, its characterized in that: including fertilizer case, fertilizer feed mechanism, motor (3), discharging device and charge level indicator (14), the fertilizer case includes box (2) and sets up in case lid (13) of box (2) top, the side of box (2) is provided with charge door (12), fertilizer feed mechanism is including setting up two-way auger (9) in box (2) bottom and setting up first belt pulley (6) in two-way auger (9) one end, the pivot tip of motor (3) is provided with second belt pulley (4), and motor (3) are fixed with a lateral surface of box (2), first belt pulley (6) are connected through belt (5) with second belt pulley (4), discharging device is fixed with the bottom of box (2), the lower terminal surface of charge level indicator (14) and case lid (13) is fixed.
2. The unmanned aerial vehicle-based plant protection fertilizer injection unit of claim 1, characterized in that: the lower extreme of box (2) sets up auger chamber (11) that are used for installing two-way auger (9), and the both ends of two-way auger (9) are passed through bearing frame (10) and are fixed with the two outer terminal surface rotations in auger chamber (11), and the bottom in auger chamber (11) is provided with a plurality of discharge gates.
3. The unmanned aerial vehicle-based plant protection fertilizer injection unit of claim 2, characterized in that: and an audible and visual alarm is arranged on the outer side surface of the box body (2).
4. The unmanned aerial vehicle-based plant protection fertilizer injection unit of claim 1, characterized in that: the discharging device comprises a discharging pipe (7) fixed below the discharging port and a discharging nozzle (8) detachably connected with the lower end of the discharging pipe (7).
5. The unmanned aerial vehicle-based plant protection fertilizer injection unit of claim 4, characterized in that: the upper end of the discharge nozzle (8) is in threaded connection with the lower end of the discharge pipe (7), the diameter of the lower end of the discharge nozzle (8) is gradually increased from top to bottom, and a plurality of uniformly distributed round holes (801) are formed in the end face of the bottom of the discharge nozzle.
CN201921666492.2U 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 Plant protection fertilizer injection unit based on unmanned aerial vehicle Expired - Fee Related CN211001848U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921666492.2U CN211001848U (en) 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 Plant protection fertilizer injection unit based on unmanned aerial vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921666492.2U CN211001848U (en) 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 Plant protection fertilizer injection unit based on unmanned aerial vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN211001848U true CN211001848U (en) 2020-07-14

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921666492.2U Expired - Fee Related CN211001848U (en) 2019-09-30 2019-09-30 Plant protection fertilizer injection unit based on unmanned aerial vehicle

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN211001848U (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112470644A (en) * 2020-12-12 2021-03-12 山东农业大学 Fruit tree precision fertilization banking machine that digs pit
CN114148525A (en) * 2021-08-31 2022-03-08 普宙科技(深圳)有限公司 Automatic casting device for unmanned aerial vehicle mounting
CN115211257A (en) * 2022-08-26 2022-10-21 江苏省农业科学院 One-time fertilization method for simultaneously sowing rice seeds and fertilizer by unmanned aerial vehicle

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112470644A (en) * 2020-12-12 2021-03-12 山东农业大学 Fruit tree precision fertilization banking machine that digs pit
CN114148525A (en) * 2021-08-31 2022-03-08 普宙科技(深圳)有限公司 Automatic casting device for unmanned aerial vehicle mounting
CN115211257A (en) * 2022-08-26 2022-10-21 江苏省农业科学院 One-time fertilization method for simultaneously sowing rice seeds and fertilizer by unmanned aerial vehicle

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200714

Termination date: 20210930

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee