CN210847243U - Annular fruit and vegetable sorting machine - Google Patents

Annular fruit and vegetable sorting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210847243U
CN210847243U CN201921792358.7U CN201921792358U CN210847243U CN 210847243 U CN210847243 U CN 210847243U CN 201921792358 U CN201921792358 U CN 201921792358U CN 210847243 U CN210847243 U CN 210847243U
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fruit
sorting
weighing
frame
bullet
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Chinese (zh)
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吴晓明
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Linhai Linong Machinery Co ltd
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Linhai Linong Machinery Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an annular fruit and vegetable separator, which has the technical proposal that the separator comprises a frame and a driving disc which is rotatably arranged on the frame; the sorting hoppers are fixed on the rack and arranged around the driving disc, and each sorting hopper is provided with a corresponding sorting weight interval; the fruit tray mechanisms are circumferentially arranged on the driving disc so as to rotate along with the driving disc and respectively pass through each sorting hopper; the fruit ejecting mechanisms are arranged on the rack and are respectively positioned at the positions of the sorting hoppers and are used for controlling the fruit ejecting action of the fruit support mechanisms passing through; the weighing mechanism is arranged on the rack and is in contact with the fruit support mechanism passing through the weighing mechanism and performs weighing action, and the weighing mechanism is used for acquiring the weight value of fruits and vegetables of the fruit support mechanism and controlling the action of the fruit popping mechanism at the corresponding sorting hopper. In this application, thereby utilize the fruit that the annular set up to hold in the palm the mechanism and make this fruit vegetables sorting machine can realize the annular overall arrangement to solve among the prior art problem that occupation length space is big.

Description

Annular fruit and vegetable sorting machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a hierarchical technical field of fruit vegetables, in particular to annular fruit vegetables sorter.
Background
Fruits such as navel oranges, grapefruit, oranges and the like, and round or oval vegetables such as potatoes, tomatoes and the like are easy to store and good in nutrition, and the market demand is increased year by year along with the improvement of the living standard of people.
The size of the fruits and vegetables is the key for determining the purchasing price and is also the basis for grading products in wholesale and retail enterprises. The vegetable wholesale and retail enterprises generally sort the vegetables by a manual method when purchasing and selling the vegetables, so that the working intensity of workers is high, the efficiency is low, the randomness is high, and the grading is not standard.
At present, the traditional fruit and vegetable grader is mainly arranged in a linear layout mode, so that the length and the space occupied by the fruit and vegetable grader are large, and a certain improvement is provided.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
Not enough to prior art exists, the utility model aims to provide an annular fruit vegetables sorter solves the big problem of length space occupation among the prior art.
The above technical object of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical solutions.
The utility model provides an annular fruit vegetables sorter, includes the frame, still includes:
the driving disc is rotatably arranged on the rack;
the sorting hoppers are fixed on the rack and arranged around the driving disc, and each sorting hopper is provided with a corresponding sorting weight interval;
the fruit tray mechanisms are circumferentially arranged on the driving disc so as to rotate along with the driving disc and respectively pass through each sorting hopper;
the fruit ejecting mechanisms are arranged on the rack and are respectively positioned at the positions of the sorting hoppers and are used for controlling the fruit ejecting action of the fruit support mechanisms passing through;
the weighing mechanism is arranged on the rack and is in contact with the fruit support mechanism passing through the weighing mechanism and performs weighing action, and the weighing mechanism is used for acquiring the weight value of fruits and vegetables of the fruit support mechanism and controlling the action of the fruit popping mechanism at the corresponding sorting hopper.
According to the technical scheme, the fruits and vegetables are placed on the fruit tray mechanisms, the fruit tray mechanisms can rotate along with the driving disc to pass through each sorting hopper respectively, the weighing mechanisms can weigh each fruit tray mechanism to obtain the weight value of the fruits and vegetables, and then when the fruit tray mechanisms move to the sorting hoppers in the corresponding sorting weight interval, the fruit ejecting mechanisms can control the fruit tray mechanisms to act so as to place the fruits and vegetables on the fruit tray mechanisms into the corresponding sorting hoppers, so that the sorting work of the fruits and vegetables is completed;
in this application, thereby utilize the fruit that the annular set up to hold in the palm the mechanism and make this fruit vegetables sorter can realize the annular overall arrangement, reduce the overall arrangement on the fruit vegetables sorter length space to occupy the problem that length space is big among the solution prior art.
Preferably, the fruit support mechanism comprises a main body structure frame, a sorting driving rod, a fruit discharging lever and a palm-shaped fruit support;
the main body structure frame is fixed on the driving disc, and a fruit outlet limiting block is arranged on the main body structure frame;
the sorting driving rod is hinged to the main body structure frame through an upper linkage rod and a lower linkage rod, the sorting driving rod is in contact with the weighing mechanism to move to a first stroke, and the sorting driving rod is in contact with the fruit ejecting mechanism to move to a second stroke;
the palm-shaped fruit support is hinged on the sorting driving rod;
the middle part of the fruit discharging lever is hinged to the sorting driving rod, the fruit discharging lever moves to a second stroke along with the sorting driving rod, and one end of the fruit discharging lever abuts against a fruit discharging limiting block of the main body structure frame to drive the palm-shaped fruit support which abuts against the other end of the fruit discharging lever to overturn.
Through the technical scheme, when fruit holds in the palm the mechanism and pops out the fruit vegetables, at first fruit holds in the palm the mechanism and removes to the mechanism department of popping fruit, the actuating lever removal is selected separately to the control of mechanism of popping fruit to the second stroke, the one end of going out the fruit lever is contradicted with the play fruit stopper on the major structure frame, goes out the upset of fruit lever, and then the other end that goes out the fruit lever supports on palm type fruit holds in the palm in order to drive palm type fruit and hold in the palm the turning of its articulated shaft, make the fruit vegetables on palm type fruit holds in the palm roll into with the curve of certain parabola and select separately in the hopper, accomplish the action of popping out of.
Preferably, the sorting driving rod is provided with a sorting driving block which is used for being in contact with the bullet mechanism.
Through the technical scheme, the sorting driving block is in contact with the bullet fruit mechanism to realize the up-and-down movement of the sorting driving rod.
Preferably, the main structure frame is provided with an upper limit block and a lower limit block which are abutted against the upper linkage rod to limit the stroke of the sorting driving rod.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, go up spacing piece and spacing piece down can restrict the up-and-down stroke of sorting the actuating lever to avoid sorting the actuating lever excessively to reciprocate.
Preferably, the main structure frame is rotatably provided with a roller.
Through the technical scheme, when the fruits and vegetables fall on the fruit support mechanism, the fruits and vegetables can conveniently roll into the palm-shaped fruit support of the fruit support mechanism through the arrangement of the idler wheels.
Preferably, the palm-shaped fruit support comprises a fruit support bottom plate arranged in a V shape and a fruit support rod group integrally formed on the fruit support bottom plate;
the fruit support rod group comprises first inclined support rods and second inclined support rods, the first inclined support rods are distributed on two sides of the fruit support bottom plate and are arranged in a shape like a Chinese character 'wang', and the second inclined support rods are arranged at the end part of the fruit support bottom plate.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, the oblique die-pin setting of first oblique die-pin and second is on the fruit holds in the palm the bottom plate to live the fruit vegetables on the fruit holds in the palm the bottom plate with all-round parcel, improve the stability in placement of fruit vegetables on palm type fruit holds in the palm.
Preferably, a reset torsion spring is arranged at the hinged position between the palm-shaped fruit support and the sorting driving rod.
Through the technical scheme, the reset torsion spring resets the turned palm fruit support, so that the subsequent fruit ejecting action of the palm fruit support is facilitated.
Preferably, the bullet mechanism comprises a bullet support frame and a bullet device;
the bullet support frame is fixed on the rack and is provided with a bullet guide inclined plane;
the bullet fruit ware is including fixing the rotary electromagnet on the bullet fruit support frame and setting up the bullet fruit linkage plate on the rotary electromagnet output, bullet fruit linkage plate borders on with bullet fruit guide inclined plane mutually, bullet fruit linkage plate is used for guiding to select separately on the drive block slides to bullet fruit guide inclined plane to make and select separately the actuating lever and move to the second stroke along bullet fruit guide inclined plane.
According to the technical scheme, when the fruit ejecting mechanism controls the fruit support mechanism to eject fruits, the fruit support mechanism moves to the fruit ejecting mechanism, the rotary electromagnet controls the fruit ejecting connection plate to rotate, so that the end part of the fruit ejecting connection plate is lower than the sorting driving block, therefore, the sorting driving block enters the fruit ejecting guide inclined plane along the fruit ejecting connection plate, the sorting driving rod moves upwards along the fruit ejecting connection plate to a second stroke along with the movement of the fruit support mechanism along with the driving disc, the turning action of the palm-shaped fruit support is completed, and the fruits and vegetables of the fruit support mechanism can be ejected into the sorting hopper in the corresponding sorting weight interval;
on the contrary, the rotary electromagnet controls the bullet fruit connecting plate not to rotate, the end part of the bullet fruit connecting plate is higher than the sorting driving block, the sorting driving block can pass through the bullet fruit mechanism from the lower part of the bullet fruit connecting plate, and the bullet fruit mechanism does not control the fruit support mechanism to carry out bullet fruit action;
through the mode, the fruit support mechanisms bearing the same weight values of the fruits and the vegetables in sequence can be subjected to fruit ejecting action, and the fruit and vegetable sorting efficiency is improved.
Preferably, the weighing mechanism comprises a weighing support frame, a first guide frame and a weighing sensor;
the weighing support frame is fixed on the frame;
the first guide frame and the weighing sensor are fixed on the weighing support frame, the surface of the first guide frame is flush with the surface of the weighing sensor, a weighing guide inclined plane is arranged on the first guide frame, and the bottom end of the sorting driving rod moves to a first stroke along the weighing guide inclined plane and then contacts with the weighing sensor.
Through the technical scheme, when fruits and vegetables on the fruit tray mechanism are weighed, the end part of the sorting driving rod moves to the first stroke along the weighing guide inclined plane, so that the sorting driving rod keeps a state without upper and lower impact force, and the weighing accuracy of the fruits and vegetables on the palm-shaped fruit tray can be ensured when the sorting driving rod is in contact with the weighing sensor;
this application only needs fruit to hold in the palm the mechanism and rotate along with the driving-disc through the setting of the guide inclined plane of weighing, and weighing machine constructs to be weighed to fruit support mechanism one by one, has improved the efficiency that fruit vegetables were weighed on the fruit support mechanism, and then obtains fruit vegetables weight value after, and the action of the bullet fruit mechanism that the control corresponds sorting hopper department can be with the fruit vegetables on the fruit support mechanism in the bullet sorting hopper.
Preferably, still be provided with the second guide frame on the support frame of weighing, weighing sensor is located between first guide frame and the second guide frame, the surface of first guide frame, weighing sensor and second guide frame flushes, be provided with the whereabouts guide inclined plane with the bottom contact of selecting separately the actuating lever on the second guide frame.
Through above-mentioned technical scheme, through the setting on whereabouts guide inclined plane for when the separation actuating lever falls back from first stroke, the separation actuating lever can steadily fall, improves the stability of placing of fruit vegetables on palm type fruit holds in the palm.
To sum up, the utility model discloses the beneficial effect who contrasts in prior art does:
in this application, thereby utilize the fruit that the annular set up to hold in the palm the mechanism and make this fruit vegetables sorter can realize the annular overall arrangement, reduce the overall arrangement on the fruit vegetables sorter length space to occupy the problem that length space is big among the solution prior art.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a first structure of a circular fruit and vegetable sorting machine in an embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a second structural diagram of the circular fruit and vegetable sorting machine in the embodiment;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a fruit tray mechanism in an embodiment;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a main structure frame in an embodiment;
FIG. 5A is a schematic view of the configuration of a sorting drive rod according to an embodiment;
FIG. 5B is a schematic view of the palm fruit tray of the embodiment;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the embodiment with the sorting drive lever in a first stroke;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the embodiment with the sorting drive lever in a second stroke;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view showing a weighing state of the weighing mechanism in the embodiment;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of a weighing mechanism in the embodiment;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view showing the state of the bullet mechanism in the embodiment;
FIG. 11 is a front view of the bullet mechanism of the embodiment;
fig. 12 is a schematic structural diagram of the bullet mechanism in the embodiment.
Reference numerals: 1. a frame; 2. a drive disc; 3. a sorting hopper; 4. a fruit support mechanism; 41. a main body structure frame; 411. a fruit outlet limiting block; 412. an upper limit block; 413. a lower limiting block; 42. a sorting drive rod; 43. a fruit discharging lever; 44. palm-shaped fruit rests; 441. a fruit tray bottom plate; 442. a first inclined support rod; 443. a second inclined support rod; 45. an upper linkage rod; 46. a lower linkage rod; 47. sorting the driving blocks; 48. a roller; 5. a fruit popping mechanism; 51. a bullet support frame; 52. a support plate; 53. a bullet guide ramp; 54. rotating the electromagnet; 55. a bullet connecting plate; 6. a weighing mechanism; 61. weighing a support frame; 62. a first guide frame; 63. a second guide frame; 64. a weighing sensor; 65. a weighing guide slope; 66. a drop guide ramp.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only some embodiments of the present invention, not all embodiments. It should be noted that: the relative arrangement of parts and steps set forth in these embodiments does not limit the scope of the present invention unless specifically stated otherwise.
The following description of at least one exemplary embodiment is merely illustrative in nature and is in no way intended to limit the invention, its application, or uses. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative efforts belong to the protection scope of the present invention. Techniques, methods, and apparatus known to those of ordinary skill in the relevant art may not be discussed in detail but are intended to be part of the specification where appropriate.
In the prior art, the fruit and vegetable grader is arranged in a linear layout, so that the length and space occupied by the fruit and vegetable grader are large. This application is through the setting of annular fruit vegetables sorter to occupy the problem that length space is big among the solution prior art.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the utility model provides an annular fruit vegetables sorter, including frame 1, driving-disc 2, a plurality of separation hopper 3, a plurality of fruit hold in the palm mechanism 4, a plurality of bullet fruit mechanism 5 and weighing machine structure 6, one side of frame 1 is provided with the control box, and the control box is used for controlling fruit vegetables sorter, including but not limited to if power control, gather and handle produced data, each mechanism motion control etc..
A rotating shaft is fixed at the center of the driving disc 2, and the rotating shaft is mounted on the frame 1 through a bearing so that the driving disc 2 can be rotatably arranged on the frame 1. Wherein, be provided with on the frame 1 and be used for driving about the pivoted actuating mechanism of driving-disc 2, actuating mechanism includes driving motor and speed reducer, and driving motor passes through the speed reducer and connects on the pivot. It is worth to say that, still be connected with photoelectric encoder on the pivot, photoelectric encoder is used for monitoring the turned angle of pivot.
Sorting hopper 3 passes through the bolt fastening in frame 1, and sorting hopper 3 is the downward setting of horizontal slope, and the side between the adjacent sorting hopper 3 keeps closing, and a plurality of sorting hopper 3 encircle driving-disc 2 and distribute the setting, all is provided with the opening on every sorting hopper 3, and every sorting hopper 3's opening is towards driving-disc 2 one side. Wherein each sorting hopper 3 is provided with a corresponding sorting weight interval. In this embodiment, the number of sorting hoppers 3 and the sorting weight section corresponding to each sorting hopper 3 are set according to the actual variety of fruit and vegetable, and this embodiment is not particularly limited.
The fruit holds in the palm mechanism 4 and fixes the setting on driving-disc 2, and fruit holds in the palm mechanism 4 and is used for bearing the weight of fruit vegetables, and a plurality of fruit hold in the palm mechanism 4 distribute on the outer circumference of driving-disc 2 with circumferential direction, and in this embodiment, the quantity of fruit holding in the palm mechanism 4 sets up according to the variety of actual fruit vegetables and the size of driving-disc 2, and this embodiment does not do not specifically limit. Thus, when the drive disc 2 rotates, the fruit-carrying mechanism 4 can follow the drive disc 2 to move to pass each sorting hopper 3.
A plurality of fruit ejecting mechanisms 5 set up in frame 1, and fruit ejecting mechanisms 5 are located every 3 position departments of sorting hopper respectively, and is specific, and fruit ejecting mechanisms 5 are located the opening part of sorting hopper 3 and are located the below of fruit support mechanism 4, and fruit ejecting mechanisms 5 are used for controlling the fruit ejecting action of fruit support mechanism 4 that passes through to go into in sorting hopper 3 with the fruit vegetables on fruit support mechanism 4.
A feeding port is formed in the rack 1, the weighing mechanism 6 is arranged at the feeding port of the rack 1, and the weighing mechanism 6 is located below the fruit support mechanism 4. The feeding port of the frame 1 is used for connecting a conveying belt, and fruits and vegetables are conveyed and fall onto each fruit tray mechanism 4 by being placed on the conveying belt. Weighing machine constructs 6 can and weigh the action with the fruit that passes through holding in the palm the contact of mechanism 4, and weighing machine constructs 6 and is used for acquireing the fruit vegetables weight value that holds in the palm mechanism 4 and control the action of the corresponding 5 mechanisms of popping one's fruits of sorting hopper 3 department.
Specifically, because fruit holds in the palm mechanism 4 and follows the removal of driving-disc 2 circumferential direction, this application cuts apart into a plurality of turned angles with the circumference angle of fruit support mechanism 4 with driving-disc 2. Wherein, the weighing mechanism 6 takes the circle center of the driving disc 2 as a central axis, and the weighing mechanism 6 and each of the bullet mechanism 5 have corresponding rotation angles. If the number of the sorting hoppers 3 is six, a bullet mechanism 5 is arranged at the position corresponding to each sorting hopper 3, for example, in the clockwise direction, 6 rotation angles are formed between the weighing mechanism 6 and the first bullet mechanism 5, 10 rotation angles are formed between the weighing mechanism 6 and the second bullet mechanism 5, and so on, and rotation angles with corresponding numbers are formed between the weighing mechanism 6 and each bullet mechanism 5. Wherein the bullet mechanism 5 is arranged on the angle line of the rotation angle.
Along with the rotation of driving-disc 2, the conveyer belt carries the fruit vegetables to put into on every fruit holds in the palm mechanism 4 one by one to all placed the fruit vegetables on making every fruit of the outer round of driving-disc 2 hold in the palm mechanism 4. For example, if the first fruit tray mechanism 4 passes through the weighing mechanism 6, the weighing mechanism 6 obtains the weight value of the fruits and vegetables of the first fruit tray mechanism 4, the weight value of the fruits and vegetables is obtained through comparison and falls in the sorting weight interval of the first sorting hopper 3, the number of the rotation angles required to rotate by the first fruit tray mechanism 4 is 6, the photoelectric encoder monitors the rotation angle of the driving disc 2, and counting and recording are performed when the driving disc 2 rotates by one rotation angle, so that the first fruit tray mechanism 5 is controlled to act when the monitoring records that the first fruit tray mechanism 4 rotates by 6 rotation angles along with the driving disc 2, and then the data recorded by the first fruit tray mechanism 4 is reset to facilitate weighing, judging and sorting when the first fruit tray mechanism 4 rotates to the weighing mechanism 6 again.
Similarly, the weighing mechanism 6 obtains the fruit and vegetable weight value of the second fruit support mechanism 4, the fruit and vegetable weight value is obtained through comparison and falls in the sorting weight interval of the second sorting hopper 3, the number of the rotation angles required to rotate by the second fruit support mechanism 4 is 10, the photoelectric encoder monitors the rotation angle of the driving disc 2, and counting and recording are carried out when the driving disc 2 rotates by one rotation angle, so that the second fruit support mechanism 4 is controlled to act along with the driving disc 2 when the monitoring records that the second fruit support mechanism 4 rotates by 10 rotation angles, and then the data recorded by the second fruit support mechanism 4 is reset to facilitate weighing, judging and sorting when the second fruit support mechanism 4 rotates to the weighing mechanism 6 again.
And the subsequent weighing, judging and sorting of each fruit support mechanism 4 are analogized in turn, so that the sorting of the fruits and vegetables in each fruit support mechanism 4 is completed one by one.
It is worth to be noted that, a proximity switch is further disposed on the rack 1, and a detection metal piece is disposed at a position where the driving disc 2 is opposite to one of the fruit tray mechanisms 4. After driving-disc 2 rotated a week, it can be relative with proximity switch to detect the metalwork to convenient 2 rotation number of turns of driving-disc count, the fruit vegetables quantity of convenient calculation separation.
Referring to fig. 3, the fruit tray mechanism 4 will be described in detail.
The fruit tray mechanism 4 comprises a main structure frame 41, a sorting driving rod 42, a fruit discharging lever 43 and a palm-type fruit tray 44.
As shown in fig. 4, the main structure frame 41 is fixed on the outer circumference of the driving disk 2 by bolts, and a fruit-out limiting block 411 is arranged on the side edge of the main structure frame 41. Referring to fig. 5A, the sorting driving rod 42 is disposed in a Y shape, and the sorting driving rod 42 has two inclined ends, in this embodiment, the sorting driving rod 42 is hinged to the main structure frame 41 through an upper linkage 45 and a lower linkage 46, that is, one end of the upper linkage 45 is hinged to the sorting driving rod 42, and the other end of the upper linkage 45 is hinged to the main structure frame 41. The lower linkage rod 46 is positioned below the upper linkage rod 45, an interval is kept between the lower linkage rod 46 and the upper linkage rod 45, one end of the lower linkage rod 46 is hinged on the sorting driving rod 42, and the other end of the lower linkage rod 46 is hinged on the main structure. Thus, the sorting drive lever 42 can move up and down on a single plane by the upper link 45 and the lower link 46. It should be noted that the main structure frame 41 is provided with an upper limiting block 412 and a lower limiting block 413, the upper limiting block 412 and the lower limiting block 413 are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the upper linkage 45, and the upper limiting block 412 and the lower limiting block 413 are used for abutting against the upper linkage 45 to limit the stroke of the sorting driving rod 42.
The palm rest 44 is hinged to the sorting drive rod 42, and in this embodiment, the palm rest 44 is hinged to one of the angled ends of the sorting drive rod 42. The hinged joint between the palm fruit support 44 and the sorting driving rod 42 is provided with a return torsion spring, and the return torsion spring provides a turning torsion force of the palm fruit support 44 towards one side of the sorting driving rod 42 so as to keep the lower surface of the palm fruit support 44 flush with the upper end part of the sorting driving rod 42.
Referring to fig. 5B, the palm fruit tray 44 includes a fruit tray bottom plate 441 and a fruit tray rod set, the fruit tray bottom plate 441 is disposed in a V shape, and the fruit tray rod set is integrally formed on the fruit tray bottom plate 441. The fruit supporting rod group comprises a first inclined supporting rod 442 which is distributed on two sides of the fruit supporting bottom plate 441 and is arranged in a shape like a Chinese character 'wang', and a second inclined supporting rod 443 which is arranged at the end part of the fruit supporting bottom plate 441, wherein the second inclined supporting rod 443 faces one side of the main structure frame 41.
The middle part of the fruit discharging lever 43 is hinged on the sorting driving rod 42, in this embodiment, the middle part of the fruit discharging lever 43 is hinged on the other oblique end of the sorting driving rod 42, one end of the fruit discharging lever 43 is in a hook shape to be used for abutting against the fruit discharging limiting block 411 of the main body structure frame 41, the other end of the fruit discharging lever 43 is clamped between the bottom of the palm-shaped fruit support 44 and the sorting driving rod 42, and the other end of the fruit discharging lever 43 abuts against the top end of the sorting driving rod 42 and the lower surface of the palm-shaped fruit support 44 respectively.
As described below with reference to specific working conditions, referring to fig. 6, when the fruit tray mechanism 4 passes through the weighing mechanism 6, the sorting driving rod 42 in the fruit tray mechanism 4 can contact with the weighing mechanism 6 and move upwards to a first stroke, and when the sorting driving rod 42 is located at the first stroke, the upper linking rod 45 will not contact with the upper limiting block 412 and the lower limiting block 413, so that the weight of the fruits and vegetables on the palm-shaped fruit tray 44 can be completely loaded on the weighing mechanism 6, so as to keep the weighing mechanism 6 accurately weighed.
Referring to fig. 7, the sorting driving rod 42 is further provided with a sorting driving block 47 for contacting with the fruit ejecting mechanism 5, so that when the fruit tray mechanism 4 passes through the fruit ejecting mechanism 5, the fruit ejecting mechanism 5 drives the sorting driving rod 42 to move upwards to a second stroke through the sorting driving block 47, the fruit discharging lever 43 moves to the second stroke along with the sorting driving rod 42, one end of the fruit discharging lever 43 abuts against the fruit discharging limiting block 411 of the main body structure frame 41 to drive the fruit discharging lever 43 to turn, and the other end of the fruit discharging lever 43 abuts against the palm-shaped fruit tray 44 to drive the palm-shaped fruit tray 44 to turn, so as to eject the fruits and vegetables on the palm-shaped fruit tray 44 and fall into the corresponding sorting hopper 3 in a parabolic curve.
The main structure frame 41 is further rotatably provided with a roller 48, the central axis of the roller 48 is perpendicular to the main structure frame 41 and parallel to the turning direction of the palm fruit tray 44, the roller 48 is arranged in the embodiment, and when fruits and vegetables fall on the fruit tray mechanism 4 by conveying through the conveying belt, the fruits and vegetables can fall on the palm fruit tray 44 accurately through the guiding of the roller 48. It is worth noting that the roller 48 is further provided with a receiving groove for receiving the set of fruit-bearing bars.
The weighing means 6 will be explained in detail below with reference to fig. 8 and 9.
The weighing mechanism 6 includes a weighing support frame 61, a first guide frame 62, a second guide frame 63, and a load cell 64. The weighing support frame 61 is fixed on the frame 1; the first guide frame 62, the second guide frame 63 and the weighing sensor 64 are fixed on the weighing support frame 61, the weighing sensor 64 is positioned between the first guide frame 62 and the second guide frame 63, the first guide frame 62, the weighing sensor 64 and the second guide frame 63 are positioned on the same curve, the curve is the same as the moving curve of the fruit tray mechanism 4 moving along with the driving disc 2, and the upper surfaces of the first guide frame 62, the second guide frame 63 and the weighing sensor 64 are kept flush. Wherein, the first guide frame 62 is provided with a weighing guide inclined plane 65, and the weighing guide inclined plane 65 is arranged in the entering direction of the fruit tray mechanism 4.
Therefore, when the fruit tray mechanism 4 passes through the weighing mechanism 6, the bottom end of the sorting driving rod 42 in the fruit tray mechanism 4 will abut against the weighing guide inclined plane 65 of the first guide frame 62, along with the movement of the fruit tray mechanism 4, the sorting driving rod 42 will move to the first stroke along the weighing guide inclined plane 65, the bottom end of the sorting driving rod 42 falls on the weighing sensor 64 to contact with the weighing sensor 64, and at this time, the weighing sensor 64 weighs and obtains the weight value of the fruits and vegetables on the palm-shaped fruit tray 44.
Therefore, along with the continuous weighing mechanism 6 that passes through of fruit tray mechanism 4, weighing mechanism 6 can last the incessant accurate fruit vegetables weight value that obtains fruit tray mechanism 4 and go up the fruit vegetables in order to control the action of corresponding fruit ejecting mechanism 5, the aforesaid carries out the details with the action of weighing mechanism 6, fruit ejecting mechanism 5 and fruit tray mechanism 4, and the repeated unnecessary repeated description is not given here.
It is noted that the second guide frame 63 is provided with a falling guide slope 66 which contacts the bottom end of the sort driving lever 42. Through the setting of whereabouts guide inclined plane 66 for when sorting actuating lever 42 falls back from the first stroke, the sorting actuating lever 42 can steadily fall, improves the stability of placing of fruit vegetables on palm type fruit support 44.
Referring to fig. 12, the bullet mechanism 5 will be described in detail below.
The bullet mechanism 5 includes a bullet support frame 51 and a bullet device. The support plate 52 is fixed on the support plate 51, and the support plate 52 is provided with a fruit guiding inclined plane 53, and the fruit guiding inclined plane 53 is located in the entering direction of the fruit tray mechanism 4.
The fruit ejecting device comprises a rotary electromagnet 54 fixed on a fruit ejecting support frame 51 and a fruit ejecting connecting plate 55 arranged on the output end of the rotary electromagnet 54, the fruit ejecting connecting plate 55 is bordered by a fruit ejecting guide inclined plane 53, when the sorting drive rod 42 in the fruit support mechanism 4 is in a natural state, the lower connecting rod 46 is butted on the lower limit block 413 to keep the sorting drive rod 42 at the lowest position, and at the moment, the horizontal height of the sorting drive block 47 on the sorting drive rod 42 is lower than the lower surfaces of the fruit ejecting connecting plate 55 and the support plate 52.
Thus, as shown in fig. 10 and 11, when the fruit ejecting mechanism 5 does not eject the fruit from the fruit tray mechanism 4, the fruit tray mechanism 4 moves along with the driving disk 2 to pass through the fruit ejecting mechanism 5, and at this time, the sorting driving block 47 passes through the fruit ejecting mechanism 5 from below the fruit ejecting joint plate 55 and the supporting plate 52, thereby preventing the fruit ejecting mechanism 5 from interfering with the movement of the fruit tray mechanism 4.
When the fruit ejecting mechanism 5 ejects the fruit from the fruit tray, the rotary electromagnet 54 controls the fruit ejecting connecting plate 55 to turn downward, so that the end of the fruit ejecting connecting plate 55 is lower than the horizontal height of the sorting driving block 47, at this time, along with the movement of the fruit ejecting mechanism, the fruit ejecting connecting plate 55 is used for guiding the sorting driving block 47 to slide onto the fruit guiding inclined plane 53, and the sorting driving block 47 slides along the fruit guiding inclined plane 53, so that the sorting driving rod 42 moves to the second stroke along the fruit guiding inclined plane 53.
The sorting driving rod 42 moves to a second stroke, the fruit discharging lever 43 also moves to the second stroke along with the sorting driving rod 42, one end of the fruit discharging lever 43 abuts against the fruit discharging limiting block 411 of the main body structure frame 41 to drive the fruit discharging lever 43 to turn over, and then the other end of the fruit discharging lever 43 abuts against the palm-shaped fruit support 44 to drive the palm-shaped fruit support 44 to turn over, so that the fruits and vegetables on the palm-shaped fruit support 44 are ejected out and fall into the corresponding sorting hopper 3 in a parabolic curve.
Thereby this application utilizes the fruit of annular setting to hold in the palm 4 mechanisms and make this fruit vegetables sorter can realize the annular overall arrangement, reduces the overall arrangement on the fruit vegetables sorter length space to occupy the problem that length space is big among the solution prior art.
At first weigh to every fruit of process in the annular fruit vegetables sorter through weighing machine structure 6, and then according to the fruit vegetables weight value that acquires, when this fruit asks mechanism 4 to select separately hopper 3 through corresponding, through the 5 actions of control fruit ejection mechanism, the 5 actions of fruit ejection of control fruit of fruit support mechanism 4 of fruit ejection mechanism to in popping into the fruit vegetables on the fruit support mechanism 4 and selecting separately hopper 3, can accomplish fruit vegetables sorting work high-efficiently.
The above description is only an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, which is defined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an annular fruit vegetables sorter, includes frame (1), its characterized in that still includes:
the driving disc (2) is rotatably arranged on the frame (1);
the sorting hoppers (3) are fixed on the rack (1) and arranged around the driving disc (2), and each sorting hopper (3) is provided with a corresponding sorting weight interval;
the fruit tray mechanisms (4) are circumferentially arranged on the driving disc (2) so as to rotate along with the driving disc (2) and respectively pass through each sorting hopper (3);
the fruit ejecting mechanisms (5) are arranged on the rack (1) and are respectively positioned at the positions of the sorting hoppers (3), and the fruit ejecting mechanisms (5) are used for controlling the fruit ejecting action of the fruit support mechanisms (4) passing through;
the weighing mechanism (6) is arranged on the rack (1) to contact with the fruit support mechanism (4) and perform weighing action, and the weighing mechanism (6) is used for acquiring the fruit and vegetable weight value of the fruit support mechanism (4) and controlling the corresponding fruit ejecting mechanism (5) at the sorting hopper (3) to act.
2. The annular fruit and vegetable separator as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fruit tray mechanism (4) comprises a main structure frame (41), a separation driving rod (42), a fruit discharging lever (43) and a palm-type fruit tray (44);
the main body structure frame (41) is fixed on the driving disc (2), and a fruit outlet limiting block (411) is arranged on the main body structure frame (41);
the sorting driving rod (42) is hinged to the main body structure frame (41) through an upper linkage rod (45) and a lower linkage rod (46), the sorting driving rod (42) is in contact with the weighing mechanism (6) to move to a first stroke, and the sorting driving rod (42) is in contact with the fruit ejecting mechanism (5) to move to a second stroke;
the palm-shaped fruit support (44) is hinged on the sorting driving rod (42);
the middle part of the fruit discharging lever (43) is hinged to the sorting driving rod (42), the fruit discharging lever (43) moves to a second stroke along with the sorting driving rod (42), and one end of the fruit discharging lever (43) abuts against a fruit discharging limiting block (411) of the main body structure frame (41) to drive a palm-shaped fruit support (44) which abuts against the other end of the fruit discharging lever (43) to overturn.
3. The annular fruit and vegetable separator as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that the separator drive rod (42) is provided with a separator drive block (47) for contacting the fruit ejecting mechanism (5).
4. The annular fruit and vegetable separator as claimed in claim 2, wherein the main structure frame (41) is provided with an upper limit block (412) and a lower limit block (413) which abut against the upper linkage rod (45) to limit the stroke of the separation driving rod (42).
5. The annular fruit and vegetable separator as claimed in claim 2, wherein the main structure frame (41) is rotatably mounted with rollers (48).
6. The annular fruit and vegetable separator as claimed in claim 2, wherein the palm-shaped fruit tray (44) comprises a fruit tray bottom plate (441) arranged in a V shape and a fruit tray rod group integrally formed on the fruit tray bottom plate (441);
the fruit supporting rod group comprises first inclined supporting rods (442) which are distributed on two sides of the fruit supporting bottom plate (441) and arranged in a shape like the Chinese character 'wang', and second inclined supporting rods (443) which are arranged at the end part of the fruit supporting bottom plate (441).
7. The annular fruit and vegetable separator as claimed in claim 2, wherein a return torsion spring is installed at the hinge joint between the palm-shaped fruit support (44) and the separation driving rod (42).
8. The annular fruit and vegetable separator as claimed in claim 3, wherein the fruit ejecting mechanism (5) comprises a fruit ejecting support frame (51) and a fruit ejecting device;
the bullet support frame (51) is fixed on the frame (1), and a bullet guide inclined plane (53) is arranged on the bullet support frame (51);
the bullet fruit device comprises a rotary electromagnet (54) fixed on a bullet fruit supporting frame (51) and a bullet fruit connecting plate (55) arranged at the output end of the rotary electromagnet (54), wherein the bullet fruit connecting plate (55) is bordered by a bullet fruit guiding inclined surface (53), and the bullet fruit connecting plate (55) is used for guiding a sorting driving block (47) to slide to the bullet fruit guiding inclined surface (53), so that the sorting driving rod (42) moves to a second stroke along the bullet fruit guiding inclined surface (53).
9. The annular fruit and vegetable sorting machine according to claim 2, wherein the weighing mechanism (6) comprises a weighing support frame (61), a first guide frame (62) and a weighing sensor (64);
the weighing support frame (61) is fixed on the frame (1);
the weighing and driving device is characterized in that the first guide frame (62) and the weighing sensor (64) are fixed on the weighing support frame (61), the surface of the first guide frame (62) is flush with the surface of the weighing sensor (64), a weighing guide inclined plane (65) is arranged on the first guide frame (62), and the bottom end of the sorting driving rod (42) moves to a first stroke along the weighing guide inclined plane (65) and then is in contact with the weighing sensor (64).
10. The annular fruit and vegetable separator as claimed in claim 9, wherein the weighing support frame (61) is further provided with a second guide frame (63), the weighing sensor (64) is located between the first guide frame (62) and the second guide frame (63), the surfaces of the first guide frame (62), the weighing sensor (64) and the second guide frame (63) are flush, and the second guide frame (63) is provided with a falling guide slope (66) contacting with the bottom end of the separation drive rod (42).
CN201921792358.7U 2019-10-23 2019-10-23 Annular fruit and vegetable sorting machine Active CN210847243U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110624845A (en) * 2019-10-23 2019-12-31 临海市利农机械有限公司 Stable screening device for fruit and vegetable sorting

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110624845A (en) * 2019-10-23 2019-12-31 临海市利农机械有限公司 Stable screening device for fruit and vegetable sorting

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