CN210748596U - Automatic dish conveying system - Google Patents

Automatic dish conveying system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210748596U
CN210748596U CN201920482928.6U CN201920482928U CN210748596U CN 210748596 U CN210748596 U CN 210748596U CN 201920482928 U CN201920482928 U CN 201920482928U CN 210748596 U CN210748596 U CN 210748596U
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China
Prior art keywords
lifting device
piece
conveying system
guide
area
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CN201920482928.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨国强
王清川
肖维思
黄喆
金峥
程正坤
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Guangdong Zhiyuan Robot Technology Co Ltd
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Guangdong Bozhilin Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides an automatic food conveying system, which comprises an installation platform, a food conveying device and a food conveying device, wherein the installation platform divides a designated space into a food preparation area and a food area, and the food preparation area is positioned above the food area; the upper and lower transportation modules are arranged on the mounting platform and comprise first lifting devices, and the first lifting devices are used for transferring articles between the food preparation area and the food area. Through setting up mounting platform, will transport the module from top to bottom and install on mounting platform, pass on article through first elevating gear between reserve dining area and dining area, on the one hand do not occupy ground space, adopted automatic dish delivery vehicle transmission dish and occupy the surface area in having avoided the correlation technique, on the other hand is favorable to realizing that the dish strides the transporting of floor, for the district of preparing meal upstairs, downstairs are the dining area, then the first elevating gear of accessible is upstairs, downstairs transmit the dish, the manual work has been avoided transporting the dish from upstairs downwards, or transport remaining dishes etc. upstairs from downstairs and use manpower sparingly.

Description

Automatic dish conveying system
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of transportation equipment, particularly, relate to an automatic conveying system of dish.
Background
At present, the traditional manual dish delivery of hotels has the defects of time and labor waste in training, frequent change of personnel, incapability of continuously working for a long time and the like. Although there are some semi-automatic dish delivery systems at present, through putting the dish on fixed transmission track, convey the dining table next door of dining area, but mostly walk on ground, occupy the ground space, can't realize crossing transporting of floor moreover, like upstairs prepare for the dining area and transport the dish to downstairs dining area, need rely on the manual work to transport, extravagant manpower.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses aim at solving one of the technical problem that exists among the prior art or the correlation technique.
Therefore, the utility model discloses an aspect provides an automatic conveying system of dish.
In view of this, according to the utility model discloses an aspect provides an automatic conveying system of dish, automatic conveying system of dish includes: the installation platform divides the designated space into a meal preparation area and a meal area, and the meal preparation area is positioned above the meal area; the upper and lower transportation modules are arranged on the mounting platform and comprise first lifting devices, and the first lifting devices are used for transferring articles between the food preparation area and the food area.
The utility model provides an automatic conveying system of dish, through setting up mounting platform, the preferred space of setting for more than mounting platform is including the district of having a dinner ready, the space below the mounting platform is including the district of having a dinner, and transport the module and install on mounting platform from top to bottom, the first elevating gear of rethread is being equipped with the district of having a dinner and is transmitting article between the district of having a dinner, on the one hand do not occupy the ground space, adopt automatic dish delivery vehicle transmission dish and occupy the surface area in having avoided the correlation technique, on the other hand is favorable to realizing transporting of dish cross-floor, for the district of having a dinner upstairs, be the district of having a dinner downstairs, then the first elevating gear of accessible is upstairs, downstairs transmission dish, the manual work has been avoided transporting the dish from upstairs to downstairs, or transport upstairs with surplus dish.
Wherein, the first elevating gear of accessible realizes transferring article from the district of having a dinner to the district of having a dinner, also can realize transferring article from the district of having a dinner to the district of having a dinner, and then not only conveniently serve a dish, also conveniently retrieve remaining dinner plate and vegetable etc. is favorable to realizing automatic serving and retrieving, further uses manpower sparingly. Optionally, first elevating gear corresponds the top of distributing at dining area dining table to make things convenient for first elevating gear directly to transport the dish on the dining table or one side of dining table, can avoid moreover that the manual work can just retrieve the dinner plate to the district of preparing meal after transporting the remaining dinner plate to on the elevating gear far away, provide very big convenience for the user.
Of course, in the case that the number of the dining areas is multiple, there may be a case that the dining areas are located on one side of the horizontal direction of the dining area, at this time, the mounting platform may include a partition plate to partition the dining area and the dining area distributed left and right, and the up-down transport module is disposed at a portion of the mounting platform corresponding to the dining area.
In addition, according to the utility model provides an automatic conveying system of dish among the above-mentioned technical scheme, can also have following additional technical characteristics:
in any of the above technical solutions, preferably, the designated space has a partition wall, and the installation platform can be hung on a lower surface of the partition wall, or the installation platform is laid on an upper surface of the partition wall.
In the technical scheme, a partition wall surface exists in the designated space, optionally, the partition wall surface is a partition wall surface between an upstairs space and a downstairs space, the installation platform can be directly hung on the lower surface of the partition wall surface, the installation platform can also be directly paved on the upper surface of the partition wall surface to serve as the ground of an upstairs room, and at the moment, the up-and-down transportation module is directly arranged on the installation platform and the partition wall surface.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, under the condition that the installation platform is hung on the lower surface of the partition wall surface, the installation platform is provided with an installation opening, the partition wall surface is provided with a dish delivery opening, the first lifting device is arranged at the installation opening, and the dining area is communicated with the space above the partition wall surface through the installation opening and the dish delivery opening.
In the technical scheme, the condition that the mounting platform is hung on the lower surface of the partition wall surface is specifically set, the food delivery port is formed in the partition wall surface, the first lifting device is arranged at the mounting port of the mounting platform, and then the first lifting device can directly convey dishes to the space between the mounting platform and the partition wall surface from the dining area and then convey the dishes to upstairs through the food delivery port in the partition wall surface or reversely convey the dishes, so that the upstairs and downstairs effective transportation is realized.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, the first lifting device is correspondingly distributed right above the dining table in the dining area.
In this technical scheme, through corresponding the distribution with first elevating gear directly over with dining area dining table, make things convenient for first elevating gear directly to transport the dining table with the vegetable on, it can retrieve the dinner plate to the district of preparing for meal to have avoided the manual work to carry the remaining dinner plate to the elevating gear far away in addition, provides very big convenience for the user. Of course, the first lifting device can also be correspondingly distributed at one side of the dining table in the dining area, and dishes can be directly conveyed to the side of the dining table.
Preferably, the number of the first lifting devices is multiple, and the first lifting devices correspond to the dining table one by one. Can carry out the dish conveying for every desk configuration independent first elevating gear, improve the accuracy of passing the dish.
In any one of the above technical solutions, preferably, the first lifting device includes: a first driving part including a driving motor and a lifting rope; the first object carrier is connected with the first driving part and can move under the driving of the first driving part; the fixed frame is positioned on the moving path of the first object carrier; the limiting assembly is at least partially arranged on the fixed frame; the first object carrying piece is arranged on the fixed frame, and the limiting component is arranged on the fixed frame and used for limiting the first object carrying piece when the first object carrying piece moves to the preset position.
In the technical scheme, the first carrying piece is used for carrying the articles to be transported, and the first driving part is used for driving the first carrying piece to move so as to transport the articles. The fixing frame is arranged on the moving path of the first object carrying piece, and at least part of the limiting assembly is arranged on the fixing frame, so that the first object carrying piece moves to a preset position, namely under the condition that the fixing frame is located, the limiting assembly can limit the first object carrying piece, the first object carrying piece and the fixing frame are at least fixed relatively in the circumferential direction, small relative rotation caused by machining errors is ignored, and the first object carrying piece is prevented from rotating greatly when moving to a specific height, namely the position of the fixing frame is moved, and the first object carrying piece is ensured to be capable of maintaining a specific state. Therefore, the stability of the first carrying piece for conveying the articles is improved on one hand, the articles cannot fall off due to the rotation of the first carrying piece, on the other hand, a user can conveniently take and place the articles on the first carrying piece at a specific height, and the phenomenon that the first carrying piece rotates to interfere the user to take and place the articles from the first carrying piece is avoided. Particularly, when the first carrying piece is pulled by the first driving part through a single lifting rope, the first carrying piece is easy to rotate in the process of ascending or descending, so that the first carrying piece is still in a rotating state when being moved to a specific position, and the first carrying piece is not beneficial to a user to take and place articles. And carry on spacingly through spacing subassembly to first year thing piece, hinder first year thing piece to continue to rotate, ensure that first year thing can be in specific gesture when removing to mount position, convenience of customers uses, and simple structure.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, the limiting assembly includes a first limiting portion and a second limiting portion, the first limiting portion is disposed on the fixing frame, and the second limiting portion is connected with the first carrying piece and relatively fixed to the first carrying piece; under the condition that the first object carrying piece moves to the preset position, the first limiting part is matched with the second limiting part.
In this technical scheme, specifically introduce spacing subassembly and included two parts, be first spacing portion and the spacing portion of second respectively, through setting up first spacing portion on the mount, be connected second spacing portion and first year thing piece and carry a relative fixed connection with first thing piece for first year thing piece is reciprocating and rotatory in-process, the spacing portion of second all moves along with the motion of first year thing piece, and then under the circumstances of the first thing piece that carries of injecing and remove to preset position, first spacing portion can cooperate with the spacing portion of second, has guaranteed the relative position of spacing portion of second and first spacing portion, and then has guaranteed the relative position of first year thing piece and mount. When being favorable to first year thing piece to remove to specific position, mount position promptly, through the spacing motion of limiting part and the cooperation restriction self for the mount of first spacing portion of second for first year thing piece can be in specific gesture, and convenience of customers uses.
In any one of the above technical solutions, preferably, the first lifting device includes: a support; the second object carrying piece is used for carrying an object to be transported and can move along the preset direction under the action of external force in the preset direction; the movable piece is movably arranged on the bracket, is connected with the second object carrying piece and can move under the action of the second object carrying piece; and the energy storage device is connected with the moving part and can generate a restoring force acting on the moving part after the moving part moves, and the restoring force can enable the moving part to reset after the moving part moves.
In the technical scheme, the first lifting device comprises a bracket, an object carrying piece, a movable piece and an energy storage device, wherein the object carrying members can be a hook, a tray, a placing rack and other structures, the object to be transported can be placed on the second object carrying member, then the second carrying piece is used for transportation, and the second carrying piece can move along the preset direction under the action of external force in the preset direction, that is, when the article needs to be transported, an external force is applied to the second carrying object along the preset direction, the second carrying object can drive the article to move along the preset direction, thus, the article can be moved to a predetermined position in a predetermined direction, for example, after the article is placed on the second carrier member, the article can apply a gravity force to the second carrier member in the direction of gravity, the second carrying piece can move along the gravity direction under the action of the gravity of the article, so that the article can be transported along the height direction. And energy memory is used for storing the energy when the moving part moves to after the moving part moves, produce one through the release of the energy of storing and act on the moving part and can make the restoring force that the moving part resets, the second carries thing spare like this and transports article back in place under the exogenic action, and energy memory just can drive moving part and second and carry thing spare automatic re-setting, just so can realize automatic playback after the transportation of article is accomplished, for transporting article once more and prepare. The article to be transported can be transported in place only by applying an external force or utilizing the gravity of the article to be transported, the automatic resetting of the second carrier article can be realized without the aid of the external force after the article is transported in place, the structure does not need to be powered by power supply equipment in the transportation process, the structure can be applied to occasions inconvenient for supplying power, electric energy consumption is not needed, energy can be saved, and the product is healthier and more environment-friendly. The energy storage device may be a structure for storing elastic potential energy, such as a spring, an elastic sheet, or a structure for storing gravitational potential energy, such as a combined structure of a pulley gravity block.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, the movable member includes a sliding member, the sliding member is slidably mounted on the bracket, and the sliding member can slide in a preset direction when being subjected to an external force in the preset direction; the energy storage device is an elastic piece, or the energy storage device can store potential energy in the moving process of the moving piece and can reset the moving piece through the stored potential energy after the moving piece moves.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, the up-down transport module further includes a second lifting device. Further, the second lifting device avoids the arrangement of the dining table in the dining area; the first lifting device is used for transporting articles to the dining area, and the second lifting device is used for transporting the articles in the dining area to the preparation area.
In this technical scheme, through setting up second elevating gear, dodge the dining table setting with second elevating gear to retrieve the tableware through second elevating gear, the article that will have a dinner the district are transported to the district of preparing for dinner, can effectively avoid as recovery plant's second elevating gear to influence the dining because of the dining table is nearer, pollute dining table surrounding environment even. And, transport the vegetable to the dining area through first elevating gear, retrieve the dining area through the remaining dinner plate etc. of second elevating gear with the dining area, be favorable to realizing the effective circulation of serving and retrieving the tableware.
In any one of the above technical solutions, preferably, the second lifting device includes: the guide piece extends along the vertical direction, and the number of the guide pieces is at least two; the object placing plate is provided with first guide parts matched with the guide pieces, and the first guide parts are equal in number to the guide pieces and are arranged in one-to-one correspondence; the traction piece is directly or indirectly connected with the object placing plate; and the second driving part is connected with the traction piece and is used for driving the traction piece to move so as to drive the object placing plate to reciprocate up and down along the guide piece.
In this technical scheme, through setting up mutually independent guide and the piece of pulling for putting the thing board, can effectively distinguish the direction and the lift power of putting the thing board, reduced and born the harmful effects of guide function time activity of pulling the piece to putting the thing board stability with pulling the piece, can improve elevating gear's the stability of transporting when guaranteeing that the structure is succinct.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, the guide member is a guide rope or a guide rod, and the first guide portion is a guide through hole or a guide groove; or the guide piece is a guide groove, and the first guide part is a guide bulge.
In this technical solution, the structural solutions of the guide and the first guide portion are specifically defined. When the guide is direction rope or guide bar, can guide when setting up first guide part into the direction via hole of looks adaptation or direction recess and put the thing board and remove along the guide, except guaranteeing elevating gear's the stability of transporting, when not transporting and put the thing board, only have simple structure's direction rope or guide bar in the space, succinctly pleasing to the eye. The guide piece still can set up to the direction recess, and first guide part corresponds to set up to the direction arch, constitutes the guide rail cooperation, can ensure elevating gear's the stability of transporting equally, and the bellied setting of direction can not influence the structural integrity who puts the thing board.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, the automatic dish conveying system further includes: the first detection device is arranged on the upper and lower transportation modules and used for detecting whether articles exist on the upper and lower transportation modules or not.
In the technical scheme, the first detection device is arranged on the up-down transport module, specifically, the first detection device can be arranged on the first lifting device and the second lifting device, whether dishes or tableware exist on the first detection device can be effectively detected, the first detection device on the first lifting device can directly control the loading object to descend to a dining area after detecting the objects, the second detection device on the second lifting device can also directly control the loading object to ascend to a dining area after detecting the objects, and the control intelligence of the automatic dish conveying system is improved. The first detection device may be an infrared detection device or a pressure sensor.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, the automatic dish conveying system further includes: and the horizontal transportation module is used for horizontally transporting the articles to the upper and lower transportation modules and/or horizontally transporting the articles transported from the upper and lower transportation modules.
In this technical scheme, through setting up horizontal transport module, this horizontal transport module is the equipment of transporting on a continuous distribution's surface, including climbing etc.. The horizontal transportation module is used for transporting articles to the upper and lower transportation modules or receiving the articles transported by the upper and lower transportation modules, so that during the process of serving dishes, dishes can be transported to the upper and lower transportation modules through the horizontal transportation module, and then the dishes are transported to a dining area by the upper and lower transportation modules; when the dishes are recovered, the dishes are firstly upwards transported to a preset position through the up-down transport module, and then are received by the horizontal transport module and then are transported to a specific position. The food preparation device is favorable for being suitable for the condition that the food preparation area and the food area correspond to each other from top to bottom, facilitates the random arrangement of the food preparation area, and is suitable for the transportation of dishes in various paths.
In any of the above solutions, preferably, the horizontal transport module includes a transport vehicle and/or a horizontal conveyor belt.
In this technical scheme, specifically set for horizontal transportation module and can include the transport vechicle, save occupation space, make things convenient for the climbing, be applicable to multiple environment, horizontal transportation module also can include horizontal transfer area, transports steadily. Specifically, the number of transport vechicles can be a plurality of, makes things convenient for a large amount of transportation article, and makes things convenient for the transportation that first kind transport vechicle was used for specially getting eaten, and second kind transport vechicle is used for specially retrieving transportation such as tableware.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, in a case where the horizontal transport module includes a transport vehicle, the transport vehicle includes: a vehicle body; the carrying device is arranged on the vehicle body; the opening and closing cover can be arranged on the carrying device in an opening and closing mode, and the opening and closing cover is buckled on the carrying device and is surrounded with the carrying device to form an accommodating cavity.
In this technical scheme, can open and shut through setting up the cover that opens and shuts and set up on carrying the thing device, wherein open and shut the cover lock when carrying the thing device and carry and enclose between the thing device and establish and form and hold the chamber for the dish that places on carrying the thing device can be arranged in and hold the intracavity, thereby makes the cover that opens and shuts can protect, keep warm etc. the dish of placing on carrying the thing device, prevents to carry the dish that places on the thing device and is polluted or temperature reduction in the transportation.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, the transportation vehicle further includes: the track is arranged on the carrying device; the track includes: a straight line segment; the expansion section is located the both ends of straightway and is connected with the straightway, and the width that the expansion section deviates from the one end of straightway is greater than the straightway, and the expansion section forms orbital entry or export.
In this technical scheme, it is specifically stated that still be provided with the track on carrying the thing device, the track includes straightway and expansion section, wherein, set up the track and be convenient for tableware such as plates that hold the dish and move on carrying the thing device, orbital expansion section is located the both ends of straightway and is connected with the straightway, the width that the expansion section deviates from the one end of straightway is greater than the straightway, the expansion section forms orbital entry or export, be convenient for tableware such as plates to slide into or the roll-off track through setting up the expansion section.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, the automatic dish conveying system further includes: and the second detection device is arranged on the horizontal transportation module and used for detecting whether articles exist on the horizontal transportation module or not.
In the technical scheme, whether articles exist on the horizontal transportation module is detected by arranging the second detection device on the horizontal transportation module, when the articles exist on the horizontal transportation module, the second detection device is favorable for directly controlling the horizontal transportation module to move up and down to transport the articles according to a first preset path, or directly controlling the horizontal transportation module to move to an appointed position according to a second preset path, the recovery is convenient, and the control intelligence of the automatic dish conveying system is improved. Wherein, the second detection device is an infrared sensor or a pressure sensor and the like.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, the automatic dish conveying system further includes: the first vegetable pushing device is positioned on one side of the up-down transportation module or the horizontal transportation module and is used for pushing articles between the up-down transportation module and the horizontal transportation module; and/or the second dish pushing device is arranged on the first lifting device or the dining table and used for pushing the articles to the dining table after the first lifting device descends to the position of the dining table.
In this technical scheme, through setting for first dish device that pushes away, with its setting in the one side of transporting module or horizontal transport module from top to bottom, the accessible pushes away the dish device and transports the dish between module and the horizontal transport module from top to bottom, further improves dish automatic conveying system's control intelligence. The number of the first vegetable pushing devices is the same as that of the lifting devices, and the first vegetable pushing devices can be configured for each of the first lifting devices and the second lifting devices. Certainly, also can set up the second on first elevating gear or rather than corresponding dining table and push away the dish device, make things convenient for first elevating gear directly to push away the dish through the second after descending on the dining table and push away the dish device and push away the dining table with the dish on, avoid the manual work to get the meal, improve the degree of automation of the automatic conveying system of dish. Specifically, the first vegetable pushing device or the second vegetable pushing device may include an electromagnetic push rod or a hydraulic push rod, or a motor, a lead screw and a push rod. The dish pushing action can be completed.
Further, when the second dish pushing device is arranged on the dining table, a sensor is configured for the second dish pushing device, so that the second dish pushing device is started to push dishes after the sensor detects that the first object carrying piece of the first lifting device descends onto the dining table.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, the automatic dish conveying system further includes: the supporting frame is arranged on the mounting platform and comprises a supporting part and a mounting plate, and the supporting part supports the mounting plate so that an accommodating space is reserved below the mounting plate; first elevating gear sets up on the mounting panel, carries the thing piece and moves to the condition of default position at first elevating gear, carries the thing piece and is located accommodation space.
In the technical scheme, the mounting plate and the supporting part are arranged, and the supporting part supports the mounting plate, so that the lower part of the mounting plate is supported to form an accommodating space, on one hand, the mounting plate is arranged to be beneficial to the arrangement of the driving part of the first lifting device, and the mounting plate separates the motor, the roller and other components of the driving part from the object carrying piece, so that the object carrying piece can be effectively prevented from being excessively lifted and colliding with the driving part; on the other hand, because the supporting part supports the containing space below the mounting plate, namely at least part of the supporting part is located below the mounting plate, the supporting part is favorable for limiting the carrying part in the containing space, and the situation that the carrying part is suspended around due to the absence of other parts when the carrying part rises to a preset position can be effectively avoided, and the article is extremely easy to fall off from the carrying part after being excessively shaken.
In any of the above technical solutions, preferably, the support frame further includes a transition plate disposed on the support portion; under the condition that the object carrying piece of the first lifting device is at a preset position; the transition plate is positioned on one side of the first lifting device for carrying the object, or the middle part of the transition plate is provided with a limiting hole, and the object carrying piece of the first lifting device is positioned in the limiting hole.
In the technical scheme, under the condition that the object carrying piece is at the preset position, the object carrying piece can be positioned on one side of the transition plate and also can be positioned in the limiting hole of the transition plate. Under the condition that the carrying piece is positioned on one side of the transition plate, articles are conveniently taken and placed on the carrying piece from the side. When carrying the spacing downthehole of thing piece position in the cab apron, at this moment, cross the cab apron and enclose to establish around carrying the article, both can carry on spacingly to carrying the thing piece, avoid carrying the thing piece and take place to rock, and lead to article to drop, be favorable to again getting from many positions on carrying the article and put article.
Further, under the condition that the object carrying piece of the first lifting device moves to the preset position, the upper surface of the transition plate, the conveying surface of the horizontal conveying module and the upper surface of the object carrying piece of the first lifting device are all located on the same plane.
In the technical scheme, the transition plate is arranged, the transition plate is directly or indirectly arranged on the supporting part, the article is guaranteed to be carried under the condition that the article is located at the preset position, the upper surface of the transition plate and the upper surface of the article are located on the same plane, stable article taking and placing on the article carrying part are facilitated, the article can be stably pushed to the article carrying part through the transition plate, the article can also be stably pushed to the transition plate from the article carrying part, so that the article can be conveniently and stably transported, the convenience and the stability for taking and placing the article on the article carrying part are greatly improved, the situation that the article is directly taken from the article carrying part by an intelligent manipulator and the accommodating space is required to stretch into due to the fact that the article is not interfered by the mounting plate, the operation is complex, the research and development cost is increased, and the stability of article transportation is improved. And the upper surface of the transition plate and the transportation surface of the horizontal transportation module are arranged on the same plane, so that the horizontal transportation module and the transition plate are beneficial to stably transferring articles, and the stability of article transportation is further improved.
Additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows, or may be learned by practice of the invention.
Drawings
The above and/or additional aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of an automatic dish conveying system according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 shows a schematic structural view of a first lifting device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 3 shows a schematic partial structure diagram of a first lifting device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 4 shows a schematic structural view of a first lifting device according to another embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a partial schematic structural view of a first lifting device according to another embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 shows a schematic structural view of a first lifting device according to another embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a partial schematic structural view of a first lifting device according to another embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 shows a schematic structural view of a second lifting device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a partial schematic structural view of a second lifting device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 shows a schematic structural view of a transport vehicle according to an embodiment of the invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of a dish pushing device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 12 shows a schematic structural view of a support frame according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 13 shows a schematic structural diagram of a support frame according to another embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein, the correspondence between the reference numbers and the component names in fig. 1 to 12 is:
10 mounting platform, 102 transportation track, 104 connecting piece, 100 dining area, 106 dining table, 200 preparation area, 12 first lifting device, 122 first driving part, 124 first object carrying part, 126 fixing frame, 128 first limiting part, 130 second limiting part, 132 support rod, 142 support, 144 second object carrying part, 146 movable part, 148 energy storage device, 16 second lifting device, 162 guide part, 164 object placing plate, 166 first guiding part, 168 second driving part, 18 transportation vehicle, 182 vehicle body, 184 object carrying device, 186 opening and closing cover, 188 track, 20 first dish pushing device, 202 push rod, 204 guide rail, 22 support frame, 222 supporting part, 224 mounting plate, 226 accommodating space and 228 transition plate.
Detailed Description
In order to make the aforementioned objects, features and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description. It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments of the present application may be combined with each other without conflict.
In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention, however, the present invention may be practiced in other ways than those specifically described herein, and therefore the scope of the present invention is not limited by the specific embodiments disclosed below.
An automatic dish conveying system according to some embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to fig. 1 to 13.
As shown in fig. 1, an embodiment of an aspect of the present invention provides an automatic dish conveying system, which includes: the installation platform 10, the installation platform 10 divides the designated space into a meal preparation area 200 and a meal area 100, and the meal preparation area is positioned above the meal area; and the up-down transportation module is arranged on the mounting platform 10 and comprises a first lifting device 12 and a second lifting device 16, and the first lifting device 12 and the second lifting device 16 are used for transferring articles between the dining area 200 and the dining area 100.
The utility model provides an automatic conveying system of dish, through setting up mounting platform 10, wherein the space more than mounting platform 10 is including meal preparation district 200, the space below mounting platform 10 is including meal preparation district 100, and will transport the module from top to bottom and install on mounting platform 10, rethread first elevating gear 12, second elevating gear 16 transmits article between meal preparation district 200 and meal preparation district 100, on the one hand do not occupy ground space, adopted automatic dish delivery car transmission dish and occupy the ground surface area in having avoided the correlation technique, on the other hand is favorable to realizing the transport of dish cross-floor, be meal preparation district 200 upstairs, be meal preparation district 100 downstairs, then accessible first elevating gear 12, second elevating gear 16 is upstairs, downstairs transmission dish, the manual work has been avoided transporting down the dish from upstairs, or transport upstairs such as surplus dish from downstairs, the manpower is saved.
Wherein, accessible first elevating gear 12, second elevating gear 16 realize following dining area 200 to the article of having a dinner 100, also can realize following dining area 100 to the article of having a dinner 200 transmission, and then not only conveniently serve, also conveniently retrieve remaining dinner plate and vegetable etc. are favorable to realizing automatic serving and retrieving, further use manpower sparingly. Optionally, the first lifting device 12 is correspondingly distributed above the dining table 106 in the dining area 100, so that the first lifting device 12 can directly transport dishes onto the dining table 106 or to one side of the dining table 106, and the condition that the dinner plate can be recovered to the dining area 200 after the rest dinner plate is manually transported to a far lifting device can be avoided, thereby providing great convenience for users.
Of course, in the case that the number of dining areas 100 is plural, there may be a case that the dining area 100 is located at one side of the dining area 200 in the horizontal direction, in this case, the mounting platform 10 may include a partition to partition the dining area 200 and the dining area 100 distributed left and right, and the up-down transport module is disposed at a portion of the mounting platform 10 corresponding to the dining area 100.
In some embodiments, a partition wall is present in the designated space, and the mounting platform 10 can be hung on the lower surface of the partition wall, or the mounting platform 10 can be laid on the upper surface of the partition wall.
In this embodiment, a partition wall is provided in the designated space, and optionally, the partition wall is a partition wall between upstairs and downstairs, so that the installation platform 10 can be directly hung on the lower surface of the partition wall, or the installation platform 10 can be directly laid on the upper surface of the partition wall as the ground of an upstairs room, and at this time, the up-and-down transport module is directly disposed on the installation platform 10 and the partition wall.
In some embodiments, the mounting platform 10 is provided with a mounting opening, the partition wall surface is provided with a food delivery opening, the first lifting device 12 is arranged at the mounting opening, and the dining area 100 is communicated with the space above the partition wall surface through the mounting opening and the food delivery opening.
In this embodiment, it is specifically set that, when the mounting platform 10 is hung on the lower surface of the partition wall surface, the partition wall surface is provided with a dish delivery port, the first lifting device 12 is arranged at the mounting port of the mounting platform 10, and then the first lifting device 12 can directly transport dishes from the dining area 100 to the space between the mounting platform 10 and the partition wall surface, and then transport the dishes to the upstairs through the dish delivery port on the partition wall surface, or transport the dishes in the reverse direction, thereby realizing the effective transportation between the upstairs and the downstairs.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 1, the mounting platform 10 includes: a platform body; the transportation rail 102 is laid on the platform body, so that the horizontal transportation module of the automatic vegetable conveying system can move along the transportation rail 102; and a connecting member 104 connected to the platform body and the partition wall.
In some embodiments, the first lifting device 12 is used to correspond to a table 106 distributed over the dining area 100.
In this embodiment, the first lifting device 12 is correspondingly distributed over the dining table 106 in the dining area 100, so that the first lifting device 12 can directly transport dishes to the dining table 106, and the condition that the dishes can be recovered to the dining area 200 after the remaining dishes are manually transported to a remote lifting device is eliminated, thereby providing great convenience for users. Of course, the first lifting device 12 may be correspondingly disposed at one side of the dining table 106 in the dining area 100, and directly deliver the dishes to the side of the dining table 106.
Preferably, the number of the first lifting devices 12 is multiple, and the first lifting devices 12 correspond to the dining table 106 one by one. An independent first lifting device 12 can be configured for each table to carry out dish conveying, and the dish conveying accuracy is improved.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, the first lifting device 12 includes: a first driving part 122 including a driving motor and a lifting rope; a first carrier 124 connected to the first driving part 122 and capable of moving under the driving of the first driving part 122; a fixed frame 126 located on the moving path of the first carrier member 124; the limiting assembly is at least partially arranged on the fixing frame 126; when the first object carrier 124 moves to the predetermined position, the position-limiting component limits the first object carrier 124, so that the first object carrier 124 and the fixing frame 126 are relatively fixed in the circumferential direction.
In this embodiment, the first carrier member 124 is used for carrying the article to be transported, and the first driving portion 122 is used for driving the first carrier member 124 to move so as to transport the article. By arranging the fixing frame 126 on the moving path of the first object carrier 124 and arranging at least part of the limiting component on the fixing frame 126, when the first object carrier 124 moves to a preset position, that is, the position of the fixing frame 126, the limiting component can limit the first object carrier 124, so that the first object carrier 124 and the fixing frame 126 are relatively fixed at least in the circumferential direction, and a small relative rotation caused by a machining error is ignored here, which is beneficial to ensuring that the first object carrier 124 cannot rotate greatly when the first object carrier 124 moves to a specific height, that is, when the first object carrier 124 moves to the position of the fixing frame 126, and ensuring that the first object carrier 124 can maintain a specific state. Therefore, on one hand, the stability of the first carrier piece 124 for conveying the articles is improved, so that the articles cannot fall off due to the rotation of the first carrier piece 124, and on the other hand, the user can conveniently take and place the articles on the first carrier piece 124 at a specific height, and the interference of the rotation of the first carrier piece 124 with the taking and placing of the articles from the first carrier piece 124 by the user is avoided. Particularly, when the first driving portion 122 pulls the first carrier member 124 through a single lifting rope, the first carrier member 124 is easily rotated during the ascending or descending process, so that the first carrier member 124 is still rotated when moving to a specific position, which is not beneficial for a user to take and place an article. The first object carrying member 124 is limited by the limiting component, so that the first object carrying member 124 is prevented from rotating continuously, the first object carrying member 124 can be in a specific posture when moving to the position of the fixing frame 126, the use by a user is facilitated, and the structure is simple.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, the position-limiting assembly includes a first position-limiting portion 128 and a second position-limiting portion 130, the first position-limiting portion 128 is disposed on the fixing frame 126, and the second position-limiting portion 130 is connected to the first carrier member 124 and fixed relative to the first carrier member 124; when the first object 124 moves to a predetermined position, the first position-limiting portion 128 is engaged with the second position-limiting portion 130.
In this embodiment, the limiting component is specifically described as including two parts, namely a first limiting part 128 and a second limiting part 130, the first limiting part 128 is disposed on the fixing frame 126, and the second limiting part 130 is connected with the first object carrying member 124 and is relatively fixedly connected with the first object carrying member 124, so that during the up-and-down movement and rotation of the first object carrying member 124, the second limiting part 130 moves along with the movement of the first object carrying member 124, and further, under the condition that the first object carrying member 124 is limited to move to the preset position, the first limiting part 128 is matched with the second limiting part 130, so as to ensure the relative positions of the second limiting part 130 and the first limiting part 128, and further ensure the relative positions of the first object carrying member 124 and the fixing frame 126. When the first object carrier 124 moves to a specific position, that is, the position of the fixing frame 126, the second limiting portion 130 and the first limiting portion 128 cooperate to limit the movement of the first object carrier 124 relative to the fixing frame 126, so that the first object carrier 124 can be in a specific posture, and the use by a user is facilitated.
In some embodiments, the first position-limiting portion 128 may be integrally formed with the fixing frame 126, or may be disposed on the fixing frame 126 in a rear-fixed manner. In some embodiments, the second position-limiting portion 130 may be integrally formed with the object-carrying member, i.e., formed by a portion of the object-carrying member, or may be fixedly connected to the object-carrying member, where the connection may be a direct connection or an indirect connection, and only needs to satisfy the requirement that the second position-limiting portion 130 and the object-carrying member are relatively fixed.
In some embodiments, one of the first position-limiting portion 128 and the second position-limiting portion 130 includes at least one position-limiting groove, a guiding surface is disposed at a notch of each position-limiting groove, and all the position-limiting grooves and all the guiding surfaces are circumferentially and continuously distributed; the other of the first position-limiting portion 128 and the second position-limiting portion 130 includes at least one engaging member, and the engaging member can move into the position-limiting groove along the guiding surface. Further preferably, the limiting grooves correspond to the clamping pieces one to one.
In this embodiment, a first stopper portion 128 and a second stopper portion 130 are specifically provided. One of the first limiting portion 128 and the second limiting portion 130 comprises at least one limiting groove, the other one comprises at least one clamping member, a guide surface is arranged at the notch of each limiting groove, and all the limiting grooves and all the guide surfaces are circumferentially and continuously distributed, for example, when the number of the limiting grooves is one, the guide surface and the limiting grooves can circumferentially and continuously surround a circle, and when the number of the limiting grooves is three, all the guide surfaces are circumferentially and completely connected with the three limiting grooves, so that when the object carrier is close to the fixing frame 126 and is located at the position of the fixing frame 126, under the condition that the object carrier rotates to any position, the clamping members synchronously moving with the object carrier can be inserted into the limiting grooves, can be directly inserted into the limiting grooves, and can also be inserted into the limiting grooves after moving along the guide surfaces, thereby effectively ensuring that when the object carrier moves to the position of the fixing frame 126, and will not rotate relative to the mounting bracket 126. In addition, through setting the clamping pieces to be in one-to-one correspondence with the limiting grooves, when one clamping piece is inserted into the limiting groove, the rest clamping pieces are also inserted into the corresponding limiting grooves, the limiting effect of the limiting assembly on the object carrying object is favorably ensured, and the stability of the object carrying object when the object carrying object moves to the position of the fixing frame 126 is ensured.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 2-4, the first carrier member 124 includes a carrier tray and a plurality of struts 132, one end of the plurality of struts 132 is connected to the carrier tray, and the other end of the plurality of struts 132 is connected to the first driving portion 122.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 5, one end of the plurality of supporting rods 132 close to the first driving portion 122 is bent toward the central line of the carrier tray to form a bent end, and the bent end forms a clamping member; or a plurality of clamping pieces are correspondingly distributed at the upper ends of the supporting rods 132 one by one.
In some embodiments, the first position-limiting portion 128 includes a first magnetic element, the second position-limiting portion 130 includes a second magnetic element, and the first magnetic element and the second magnetic element have a magnetic attraction therebetween; or one of the first position-limiting portion 128 and the second position-limiting portion 130 includes a third magnetic member, and the other includes a magnetic conductive member, and the third magnetic member can adsorb the magnetic conductive member.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 6 and 7, the first lifting device 12 includes: a bracket 142; the second carrying object 144 is used for carrying an article to be transported and can move along a preset direction under the action of an external force in the preset direction; a movable member 146 movably mounted on the bracket 142, connected to the second carrier member 144, and capable of moving under the action of the second carrier member 144; energy storage device 148 is coupled to movable member 146 and is configured to generate a restoring force on movable member 146 after movement of movable member 146, wherein the restoring force is configured to restore movable member 146 after movement of movable member 146.
In this embodiment, the first lifting device 12 includes a support 142, a second object carrying member 144, a movable member 146 and an energy storage device 148, wherein the object carrying member may be a hook, a tray, a rack, etc., the object to be transported may be placed on the second object carrying member 144 and then transported by the second object carrying member 144, and the second object carrying member 144 may move along a predetermined direction under an external force in the predetermined direction, that is, when the object needs to be transported, an external force is applied to the second object carrying member 144 along the predetermined direction, and the second object carrying member 144 may drive the object to move along the predetermined direction, so that the object may move to a predetermined position along the predetermined direction, for example, after the object is placed on the second object carrying member 144, the object may apply a gravity to the second object carrying member 144 along the gravity direction, so that the second object carrying member 144 may move along the gravity direction under the gravity of the object, so that the transportation of the articles in the height direction can be realized. The energy storage device 148 is used for storing energy when the movable element 146 moves, and after the movable element 146 moves, a restoring force which acts on the movable element 146 and can restore the movable element 146 is generated through release of the stored energy, so that after the second object carrying member 144 transports the object in place under the action of external force, the energy storage device 148 can drive the movable element 146 and the second object carrying member 144 to restore automatically, and thus automatic restoration can be realized after the object transportation is completed so as to prepare for transporting the object again. The article to be transported can be transported in place only by applying an external force by a user or by utilizing the gravity of the article to be transported, the automatic resetting of the second article carrying object 144 can be realized without the aid of the external force after the article is transported in place, the transportation process does not need power supply equipment, so that the structure can be applied to occasions inconvenient for supplying power, the electric energy consumption is not needed, the energy can be saved, and the product is healthier and more environment-friendly. The energy storage device 148 may be a structure for storing elastic potential energy, such as a spring, an elastic sheet, or the energy storage device 148 may also be a structure for storing gravitational potential energy, such as a combined structure of a pulley and a gravity block.
In some embodiments, the external force in the predetermined direction includes the gravity of the object to be transported, and the second carrier member 144 can move along the gravity of the object to be transported under the action of the gravity of the object to be transported.
In these technical solutions, the transporting device may be installed at a higher place, and the second carrier 144 is installed in a suspended manner, that is, the initial position of the second carrier 144 has a preset height, so that after the article to be transported is placed on the second carrier 144, the article to be transported may apply a gravity to the second carrier 144 along the gravity direction, so that the second carrier 144 may move along the gravity direction under the action of the gravity of the article, thereby achieving the transportation of the article along the height direction. This kind of setting can utilize the gravity of waiting to transport article to realize the lift transportation of article on the direction of height, can utilize energy memory 148 to store partly energy in the transportation of waiting to transport article simultaneously, so that energy memory 148 is waiting to transport article transportation back in place, can carry article and moving part 146 playback through the energy of storing, neither need with the help of power supply unit, also need not the user to carry out any manually operation, be favorable to realizing the automatic transportation of waiting to transport article, this kind of structure can also the energy saving in addition, make the more healthy environmental protection of product.
In some embodiments, movable member 146 includes a sliding member slidably mounted on bracket 142, the sliding member being capable of sliding in a predetermined direction when subjected to an external force in the predetermined direction; energy storage device 148 is an elastic member, or energy storage device 148 is capable of storing potential energy during movement of movable member 146 and is capable of restoring movable member 146 via the stored potential energy after movement of movable member 146.
In this embodiment, the movable member 146 may be preferably configured as a sliding member capable of sliding back and forth, so that the sliding of the sliding member can automatically lift and lower the article to be transported. Of course, in other embodiments, movable member 146 may be rotatably mounted on bracket 142 such that rotation of movable member 146 effects transport of the item, for example, energy storage device 148 may be configured to include a torsion spring such that energy can be stored by rotation of the torsion spring and then the item carried thereby is returned by rotation of the torsion spring. The energy storage device 148 is preferably a spring, a member made of elastic material, or an elastic piece, so that the elastic force of the elastic member can automatically reset the object. Specifically, for example, the elastic element may be compressed or stretched by movable element 146 when movable element 146 moves, so that the elastic element stores a portion of the elastic potential energy when movable element 146 moves, and thus, a restoring force may be applied to movable element 146 by the stored elastic potential energy after the movement of movable element 146 is completed, so as to achieve the restoration of second carrier element 144 and movable element 146. Of course, in another scheme, the energy storage device 148 may also be a gravitational potential energy device, for example, the storage device may be a structure in which a pulley suspends a heavy object, at this time, the heavy object may be suspended on the pulley by a rope, and the movable member 146 is connected to the other end of the rope, so that the movable member 146 may be driven to ascend when moving, and after the movable member 146 moves in place, the heavy object may automatically descend under the action of gravity, so as to drive the movable member 146 and the second object carrying member 144 to return, so that the movable member 146 and the second object carrying member 144 may be returned by the gravity of the heavy object.
In some embodiments, the bracket 142 is provided with a sliding rail along a predetermined direction, and the sliding block is slidably or rotatably mounted on the sliding rail.
In some embodiments, the elastic member includes one or more of a spring, an elastic sheet, and an elastic cord.
In some embodiments, as shown in FIG. 1, the up-down transport module further includes a second lifting device 16. Further, the second lifting device 16 is arranged to be retracted from the dining table 106 of the dining area 100; first lifting device 12 is used to transport items to dining area 100 and second lifting device 16 is used to transport items from dining area 100 to preparation area 200.
In this embodiment, by providing the second lifting device 16, the second lifting device 16 is set up to be away from the dining table 106, and the tableware is recovered by the second lifting device 16, and the articles in the dining area 100 are transported to the dining area 200, so that the second lifting device 16 as a recovery device can be effectively prevented from influencing dining due to the fact that the dining table 106 is close, and even polluting the environment around the dining table 106. Furthermore, dishes are transported to the dining area 100 through the first lifting device 12, and the remaining dinner plates and the like in the dining area 100 are recovered to the meal preparation area 200 through the second lifting device 16, which is beneficial to realizing effective circulation of serving and recovering tableware.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 8 and 9, the second lifting device 16 includes: a guide 162, the guide 162 extending in a vertical direction, the number of the guides 162 being at least two; the article placing plate 164 is provided with first guide parts 166 matched with the guide pieces 162, and the first guide parts 166 are equal in number to the guide pieces 162 and are arranged in one-to-one correspondence; a traction member coupled directly or indirectly to the storage tray 164; and the second driving part 168 is connected with the traction member, and the second driving part 168 is used for driving the traction member to move so as to drive the object placing plate 164 to reciprocate up and down along the guide member 162.
In this embodiment, through setting up mutually independent guide 162 and the piece of pulling for putting thing board 164, can effectively distinguish the direction and the lift power of putting thing board 164, reduced with the pull when assuming the guide function activity of piece to put thing board 164 stability's harmful effects, can improve elevating gear's transportation stability when guaranteeing that the structure is succinct. In particular, the pulling element is a lifting rope.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 9, the guide member 162 is a guide rope or guide rod, and the first guide portion 166 is a guide through hole or guide groove; or the guide member 162 is a guide groove and the first guide portion 166 is a guide projection.
In this embodiment, the structural arrangement of the guide 162 and the first guide portion 166 is specifically defined. When the guide piece 162 is a guide rope or a guide rod, the first guide portion 166 is set to be a guide through hole or a guide groove which is matched with the first guide portion, so that the object placing plate 164 can be guided to move along the guide piece 162, the conveying stability of the lifting device is ensured, and when the object placing plate 164 is not conveyed, only the guide rope or the guide rod with a simple structure exists in the space, and the lifting device is simple and attractive. The guiding member 162 may be further configured as a guiding groove, and the first guiding portion 166 is correspondingly configured as a guiding protrusion, which constitutes a matching of the guiding rail 204, and also ensures the transportation stability of the lifting device, and the configuration of the guiding protrusion does not affect the structural integrity of the object placing plate 164.
In some embodiments, the automated dish transfer system further comprises: the first detection device is arranged on the upper and lower transportation modules and used for detecting whether articles exist on the upper and lower transportation modules or not.
In this embodiment, by arranging the first detecting device on the up-and-down transport module, specifically, by arranging the first detecting device on both the first lifting device 12 and the second lifting device 16, it can effectively detect whether there are dishes or tableware, etc. on the first lifting device 12, after detecting an article, the first detecting device on the first lifting device 12 directly controls the carrying object to descend to the dining area 100, and also after detecting an article, the second detecting device on the second lifting device 16 directly controls the carrying object to ascend to the dining area 200, so as to improve the intelligence of control of the automatic dish conveying system. Conceivably, the first detection device may be an infrared detection device, a pressure sensor, an image recognition device, or the like.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 1, the automatic dish conveying system further includes: and the horizontal transportation module is used for horizontally transporting the articles to the upper and lower transportation modules and/or horizontally transporting the articles transported from the upper and lower transportation modules.
In this embodiment, by providing horizontal transport modules, the horizontal transport modules are devices that transport over a continuously distributed surface, including climbing a hill and the like. The horizontal transportation module is used for transporting articles to the upper and lower transportation modules or receiving the articles transported by the upper and lower transportation modules, so that during the process of serving dishes, dishes can be transported to the upper and lower transportation modules through the horizontal transportation module, and then the dishes are transported to the dining area 100 by the upper and lower transportation modules; when the dishes are recovered, the dishes are firstly upwards transported to a preset position through the up-down transport module, and then are received by the horizontal transport module and then are transported to a specific position. The meal preparation area 200 and the meal area 100 correspond to each other in a non-vertical mode, the meal preparation area 200 can be arranged randomly, and the meal preparation area is suitable for transporting dishes in various paths.
In some embodiments, as shown in FIG. 1, the horizontal transport module includes a transport cart 18 and/or a horizontal conveyor belt.
In this embodiment, it is specifically set that the horizontal transportation module can include the transport vehicle 18, which saves the occupied space, facilitates climbing, and is suitable for various environments, and the horizontal transportation module can also include the horizontal conveyor belt, which is stable in transportation. Specifically, the number of the transport vehicles 18 may be multiple, which facilitates the transportation of a large amount of articles, and facilitates the transportation of the first type transport vehicle 18 specially used for serving, and the transportation of the second type transport vehicle 18 specially used for recycling tableware and the like.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 10, where the horizontal transport module includes a transport cart 18, the transport cart 18 includes: a vehicle body 182; a loading device 184 provided on the vehicle body 182; the opening and closing cover 186 is arranged on the carrying device 184 in an opening and closing manner, and a containing cavity is formed between the opening and closing cover 186 and the carrying device 184 when the opening and closing cover 186 is buckled on the carrying device 184.
In this embodiment, can set up on year thing device 184 through setting up the cover 186 that opens and shuts, wherein the cover 186 that opens and shuts encloses when the lock is on year thing device 184 and establishes between year thing device 184 and form and hold the chamber for the dish that places on year thing device 184 can be placed in and hold the intracavity, thereby makes the cover 186 that opens and shuts can protect, keep warm etc. the dish of placing on year thing device 184, prevents that the dish of placing on year thing device 184 from being polluted or temperature reduction in the transportation.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 10, the transporter 18 further includes: a rail 188 disposed on the carrier 184; the track 188 includes: a straight line segment; the expansion section is located the both ends of straightway and is connected with the straightway, and the width that the expansion section deviates from the one end of straightway is greater than the straightway, and the expansion section forms the entry or the export of track 188.
In this embodiment, it is specifically described that the carrying device 184 is further provided with a track 188, the track 188 includes a straight line section and an expanding section, wherein the track 188 is provided to facilitate movement of dishes, such as dishes, for holding dishes on the carrying device 184, the expanding section of the track 188 is located at two ends of the straight line section and is connected with the straight line section, the width of one end of the expanding section, which is away from the straight line section, is larger than that of the straight line section, the expanding section forms an inlet or an outlet of the track 188, and the expanding section is provided to facilitate sliding of the dishes, such as dishes.
In some embodiments, the automated dish transfer system further comprises: and the second detection device is arranged on the horizontal transportation module and used for detecting whether articles exist on the horizontal transportation module or not.
In this embodiment, through set up the second detection device on horizontal transport module, whether detect horizontal transport module on have article, be favorable to the second detection device when detecting horizontal transport module on have article, direct control horizontal transport module moves up transport module transport article down according to first route of predetermineeing, or direct control horizontal transport module moves the assigned position according to the second route of predetermineeing, conveniently retrieves, improves the control intelligence of automatic conveying system of dish. Conceivably, the second detection device is an infrared sensor, a pressure sensor, an image recognition device, or the like.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 1 and 11, the automatic dish conveying system further includes: the first vegetable pushing device 20 is positioned on one side of the up-down transportation module or the horizontal transportation module and is used for pushing articles between the up-down transportation module and the horizontal transportation module; and/or the second dish pushing device is arranged on the first lifting device 12 or the dining table 106 and used for pushing the articles to the dining table 106 after the first lifting device 12 descends to the position of the dining table 106.
In this embodiment, by setting the first vegetable pushing device 20 and arranging the first vegetable pushing device at one side of the up-down transportation module or the horizontal transportation module, the vegetable can be pushed between the up-down transportation module and the horizontal transportation module through the first vegetable pushing device 20, and the control intelligence of the automatic vegetable conveying system is further improved. Wherein, the number of the first dish pushing devices 20 is the same as that of the lifting devices, and the first dish pushing devices 20 can be configured for each of the first lifting device 12 and the second lifting device 16. Certainly, the second dish pushing device can be arranged on the first lifting device 12 or the dining table 106 distributed correspondingly to the first lifting device 12, so that the dishes can be conveniently pushed onto the dining table 106 through the second dish pushing device after the first lifting device 12 descends onto the dining table, the manual meal taking is avoided, and the automation degree of the automatic dish conveying system is improved. Specifically, the first dish pushing device 20 or the second dish pushing device may include an electromagnetic push rod or a hydraulic push rod, or a motor, a guide rail 204, a push rod 202, and the like. The dish pushing action can be completed.
Further, when the second dish pushing device is disposed on the dining table 106, a sensor is configured for the second dish pushing device, so that the sensor starts the second dish pushing device to push the dish after detecting that the first carrier 124 of the first lifting device 12 descends onto the dining table 106.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 12 and 13, the automatic dish conveying system further includes: the support frame 22 is arranged on the mounting platform 10, the support frame 22 comprises a support part 222 and a mounting plate 224, and the support part 222 supports the mounting plate 224 so that an accommodating space 226 is reserved below the mounting plate 224; the first elevating device 12 is disposed on the mounting plate 224, and the loading member of the first elevating device 12 is located in the accommodating space 226 in a state that the loading member is moved to a preset position.
In this embodiment, by providing the mounting plate 224 and the supporting portion 222, and supporting the mounting plate 224 by the supporting portion 222, so that the accommodating space 226 is supported below the mounting plate 224, on one hand, the mounting plate 224 is provided to facilitate the installation of the driving portion of the first lifting device 12, and the mounting plate 224 separates the motor, the roller and other components of the driving portion from the object carrying member, so that the object carrying member can be effectively prevented from being excessively lifted and colliding with the driving portion; on the other hand, because the supporting portion 222 supports the accommodating space 226 below the mounting plate 224, that is, at least a part of the supporting portion 222 is located below the mounting plate 224, it is beneficial to limit the carrying object in the accommodating space 226 through the supporting portion 222, and it can be effectively avoided that when the carrying object rises to a preset position, the periphery of the carrying object in a suspension state is very easy to drop from the carrying object due to the absence of other components after excessive shaking.
Specifically, the support portion 222 may include one, two, or three support plates, which are correspondingly supported at one edge of the mounting plate 224, but do not completely support the respective edge of the mounting plate 224. So that the accommodating space 226 can be communicated with the outside through the rest edges of the mounting plate 224, and the object carrying piece can be effectively limited without influencing the taking and placing of the object. Support portion 222 also can include a plurality of support columns, a plurality of support column interval distribution to support the lower surface at mounting panel 224, thereby but a plurality of support columns stable support mounting panel 224 on the one hand, diversely enclose and establish around accommodation space 226, effectively carry the thing piece spacing, on the other hand is favorable to passing between two arbitrary adjacent support columns space and gets article from carrying the thing piece.
In some embodiments, as shown in fig. 12 and 13, the support frame 22 further includes a transition plate 228 disposed on the support portion 222; in the case where the first carrier member 124 of the first lifting device 12 is in the preset position; the transition plate 228 is located at one side of the first object carrying member 124 of the first lifting device 12, or a limit hole is formed in the middle of the transition plate 228, and the first object carrying member 124 of the first lifting device 12 is located in the limit hole.
In this embodiment, the first carrier member 124 can be located on one side of the transition plate 228 or in the position-limiting hole of the transition plate 228 when the first carrier member 124 is in the predetermined position. With the first carrier piece 124 located on one side of the transition plate 228, access to the first carrier piece 124 from that side is facilitated. When the first object carrier 124 is located in the position-limiting hole of the transition plate 228, at this time, the transition plate 228 is arranged around the first object carrier 124, so that the first object carrier 124 can be limited, the first object carrier 124 is prevented from shaking, the object is prevented from falling off, and the object can be taken and placed on the first object carrier 124 from multiple directions.
Further, in the case that the first carrier member 124 of the first lifting device 12 is moved to the predetermined position, the upper surface of the transition plate 228, the transport surface of the horizontal transport module, and the upper surface of the first carrier member 124 of the first lifting device 12 are all located on the same plane.
In this embodiment, by providing the transition plate 228, and disposing the transition plate 228 directly or indirectly on the support portion 222, and ensures that the upper surface of the transition plate 228 and the upper surface of the first carrier member 124 are located on the same plane when the first carrier member 124 is at the predetermined position, which is beneficial to smoothly taking and placing articles on the first carrier member 124, the articles can be stably pushed onto the first carrier 124 through the transition plate 228, and the articles can also be stably pushed onto the transition plate 228 from the first carrier 124, so that the articles can be conveniently and stably transported out of the first carrier 124, the convenience and stability for taking and placing the articles on the first carrier 124 are greatly improved, the situation that the articles are directly taken from the first carrier 124 by adopting an intelligent manipulator and extend into the accommodating space 226 due to the requirement is avoided, and the conditions of complex operation and increased research and development cost caused by no interference of the mounting plate 224 are avoided, and the stability of article transportation is improved. Moreover, the upper surface of the transition plate 228 and the transportation surface of the horizontal transportation module are set to be positioned on the same plane, which is beneficial to smoothly transferring articles between the horizontal transportation module and the transition plate 228, and further improves the stability of article transportation.
In some embodiments, the support frame 22 further comprises: the first object carrier 124 can move to a predetermined position through the through hole.
In this embodiment, by providing the limiting post and forming the through hole penetrating through the upper and lower end surfaces on the limiting post, the first object carrier 124 can move to the preset position through the through hole in the ascending process, the first object carrier 124 can be effectively limited by the through hole, and the first object carrier 124 is prevented from shaking greatly, so that the first object carrier 124 is stabilized by the through hole before reaching the preset position and then ascends to the preset position, and the moving stability of the first object carrier 124 is further improved.
In some embodiments, in the case that the middle portion of the transition plate 228 is provided with a limiting hole, the limiting column is disposed on the lower surface of the transition plate 228, and the through hole is communicated with the limiting hole.
The working process of the automatic dish conveying system according to an embodiment of the present invention is described in detail as follows:
under the condition that article exist on the horizontal transportation module is detected, the control device can be directly triggered to control the horizontal transportation module to move to a specific position along a first preset path, namely beside the first lifting device 12, then the dish pushing device is directly controlled to push dishes along a preset direction, under the condition that article exist on the first lifting device 12, the dish pushing is determined to be completed, the control device is directly triggered to control the first lifting device 12 to descend to the dining area 100, and at the moment, a user can take the dishes conveniently. And under the condition that the first lifting device 12 is detected to descend to the first preset position and under the condition that no article exists on the first lifting device 12, the first lifting device 12 is controlled to ascend to the second preset position, and dishes are conveniently transferred again. Under the condition that the article exists on the second lifting device 16, the control device can be directly triggered to control the second lifting device 16 to ascend, or under the condition that the weight of the article on the second lifting device 16 reaches a preset value, the control device is directly triggered to control the second lifting device 16 to ascend to a certain height, the dish pushing device is controlled to push the article from the second lifting device 16 to the horizontal transportation module, and then the horizontal transportation module is controlled to transport the article to the recovery area. Can realize automatic serving and recovery.
In the present application, the term "plurality" means two or more unless expressly defined otherwise. The terms "mounted," "connected," "fixed," and the like are to be construed broadly, and for example, "connected" may be a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; "coupled" may be direct or indirect through an intermediary. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood according to specific situations by those skilled in the art.
In the description of the present specification, the description of the terms "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "specific embodiments," etc., means that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (20)

1. An automatic dish conveying system, comprising:
the dining room comprises a mounting platform (10), wherein the mounting platform (10) divides a designated space into a dining area (200) and a dining area (100), and the dining area (200) is positioned above the dining area (100);
the upper and lower transportation module is arranged on the mounting platform (10) and comprises a first lifting device (12) and a second lifting device (16), and the first lifting device (12) and the second lifting device (16) are used for mutually transferring articles between the meal preparation area (200) and the meal area (100).
2. Automatic dish conveying system according to claim 1,
the designated space has a partition wall surface,
the installation platform (10) can be hung on the lower surface of the partition wall surface, or the installation platform (10) is paved on the upper surface of the partition wall surface.
3. Automatic dish conveying system according to claim 2,
under the condition that the installation platform (10) is hung on the lower surface of the partition wall surface,
the food serving device is characterized in that a mounting opening is formed in the mounting platform (10), a food passing opening is formed in the partition wall surface, the first lifting device (12) is arranged at the mounting opening, and the food serving area (100) is communicated with the space above the partition wall surface through the mounting opening.
4. Automatic dish conveying system according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
the first lifting device (12) is correspondingly distributed right above the dining table (106) of the dining area (100).
5. Automatic dish conveying system according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
the first lifting device (12) comprises:
a first driving part (122) including a driving motor and a lifting rope;
a first carrier member (124) connected to the lifting rope and movable by the driving motor;
a fixed frame (126) positioned on the moving path of the first carrier piece (124);
the limiting assembly is at least partially arranged on the fixing frame (126);
when the first carrier piece (124) moves to a preset position, the limiting assembly limits the first carrier piece (124) so that the first carrier piece (124) and the limiting assembly are relatively fixed in the circumferential direction.
6. Automatic dish conveying system according to claim 5,
the limiting assembly comprises a first limiting part (128) and a second limiting part (130), the first limiting part (128) is arranged on the fixing frame (126), and the second limiting part (130) is connected with the first object carrying piece (124) and is relatively fixed with the first object carrying piece (124);
under the condition that the first carrier piece (124) moves to a preset position, the first limiting part (128) is matched with the second limiting part (130).
7. Automatic dish conveying system according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
the first lifting device (12) comprises:
a bracket (142);
the second carrying object (144) is used for carrying an object to be transported and can move along the preset direction under the action of external force in the preset direction;
a movable member (146) movably mounted on the bracket (142), connected to the second carrier member (144), and movable under the action of the second carrier member (144);
and an energy storage device (148) connected to the movable element (146) and capable of generating a return force acting on the movable element (146) after the movable element (146) moves, the return force being capable of restoring the movable element (146) after the movable element (146) moves.
8. Automatic dish conveying system according to claim 7,
the movable piece (146) comprises a sliding piece which is slidably mounted on the bracket (142), and the sliding piece can slide towards a preset direction when being subjected to an external force in the preset direction;
the energy storage device (148) is an elastic element, or the energy storage device (148) can store potential energy in the moving process of the movable element (146) and can reset the movable element (146) through the stored potential energy after the movable element (146) moves.
9. Automatic dish conveying system according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein said second lifting device (16) is arranged to avoid the table (106) of said dining area (100);
the first lifting device (12) is used for transporting the articles to the dining area (100), and the second lifting device (16) is used for transporting the articles in the dining area (100) to the preparation area (200).
10. Automatic dish conveying system according to any one of claims 1 to 3,
the second lifting device (16) comprises:
a guide (162), the guide (162) extending in a vertical direction, the number of the guides (162) being at least two;
the article placing plate (164) is provided with first guide parts (166) matched with the guide pieces (162), and the first guide parts (166) are equal in number to the guide pieces (162) and are arranged in a one-to-one correspondence manner;
a traction member directly or indirectly connected to the storage plate (164);
and the second driving part (168) is connected with the traction piece, and the second driving part (168) is used for driving the traction piece to move so as to drive the object placing plate to reciprocate up and down along the guide piece (162).
11. Automatic dish conveying system according to claim 10,
the guide piece (162) is a guide rope or a guide rod, and the first guide part (166) is a guide through hole or a guide groove; or
The guide member (162) is a guide groove, and the first guide portion (166) is a guide projection.
12. The automatic dish conveying system of any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising:
and the first detection device is arranged on the upper and lower transportation modules and used for detecting whether articles exist on the upper and lower transportation modules or not.
13. The automatic dish conveying system of any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising:
and the horizontal transportation module is used for horizontally transporting the objects to the upper and lower transportation modules and/or horizontally transporting the objects transported from the upper and lower transportation modules.
14. Automatic dish conveying system according to claim 13,
the horizontal transport module comprises a transport carriage (18) and/or a horizontal conveyor belt.
15. Automatic vegetable transfer system according to claim 14, characterized in that, in the case where said horizontal transport module comprises said transport carriage (18), said transport carriage (18) comprises:
a vehicle body (182);
a loading device (184) provided on the vehicle body (182);
the opening and closing cover (186) is arranged on the object carrying device (184) in an opening and closing mode, and an accommodating cavity is formed between the opening and closing cover (186) and the object carrying device (184) when the opening and closing cover (186) is buckled on the object carrying device (184).
16. The automatic dish conveying system of claim 15,
the carriage (18) further comprising:
a track (188) disposed on the carrier device (184);
the track (188) comprises:
a straight line segment;
the expansion sections are located at two ends of the straight line section and connected with the straight line section, one end, away from the straight line section, of each expansion section is wider than the straight line section, and each expansion section forms an inlet or an outlet of the track (188).
17. The automatic dish conveying system of claim 13, further comprising:
and the second detection device is arranged on the horizontal transportation module and is used for detecting whether articles exist on the horizontal transportation module or not.
18. The automatic dish conveying system of claim 13, further comprising:
the first vegetable pushing device (20) is positioned on one side of the up-down transportation module or the horizontal transportation module and is used for pushing articles between the up-down transportation module and the horizontal transportation module; and/or
And the second vegetable pushing device is arranged on the first lifting device (12) or the dining table (106) and is used for pushing the articles to the dining table (106) after the first lifting device (12) descends to the position of the dining table (106).
19. The automatic dish conveying system of claim 13, further comprising:
the supporting frame (22) is arranged on the mounting platform (10), the supporting frame (22) comprises a supporting part (222) and a mounting plate (224), and the supporting part (222) supports the mounting plate (224) so that an accommodating space (226) is reserved below the mounting plate (224);
the first lifting device (12) is arranged on the support frame (22), and under the condition that the carrying piece of the first lifting device (12) moves to a preset position, the carrying piece of the first lifting device (12) is positioned in the accommodating space (226).
20. The automatic dish conveying system of claim 19,
the support frame (22) further comprises a transition plate (228) arranged on the support part (222);
in the case where the loading member of the first lifting device (12) is in the preset position,
the transition plate (228) is positioned on one side of the carrying piece of the first lifting device (12), or a limiting hole is formed in the middle of the transition plate (228), and the carrying piece of the first lifting device (12) is positioned in the limiting hole.
CN201920482928.6U 2019-01-26 2019-04-11 Automatic dish conveying system Active CN210748596U (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920135108 2019-01-26
CN201920135108X 2019-01-26

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210748596U true CN210748596U (en) 2020-06-16

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210748596U (en)

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Address before: 201-16, 2nd floor, East office, No.11 Junye East Road, Beijiao Industrial Park, Shunjiang neighborhood committee, Beijiao Town, Shunde District, Foshan City, Guangdong Province 528300

Patentee before: Guangdong Bot Robot Engineering Service Co.,Ltd.