CN210701149U - Rice and husk separator - Google Patents

Rice and husk separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210701149U
CN210701149U CN201921774227.6U CN201921774227U CN210701149U CN 210701149 U CN210701149 U CN 210701149U CN 201921774227 U CN201921774227 U CN 201921774227U CN 210701149 U CN210701149 U CN 210701149U
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China
Prior art keywords
frame
husk
rice
wall
oscillating
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CN201921774227.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王庆辉
郑茉莉
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A Porridge (shenzhen) Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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A Porridge (shenzhen) Agricultural Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201921774227.6U priority Critical patent/CN210701149U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a rice husk separator, which comprises a frame, wherein the top of the frame is provided with a feed hopper, the inner wall of the frame at one side of the feed hopper is provided with an upper baffle plate, the inner wall of the frame at one side of the upper baffle plate is provided with a reverse V-shaped baffle plate, the inner wall of the frame at one side of the reverse V-shaped baffle plate is provided with a lower baffle plate, the wall surface at one side of the frame is provided with a first fan with an air outlet facing the surface of the lower baffle plate through a first support plate, the inner wall of the frame at one side of the reverse V-shaped baffle plate is provided with a guide rail, the guide rail is provided with a rice husk collecting vehicle, the frame at the lower side of the guide rail is provided with a rice husk conveying mechanism, the frame at one side of the rice husk conveying mechanism is provided with an oscillating mechanism, the frame at the other side of the rice husk conveying, and the chaff is collected by a designated collecting device after the separation.

Description

Rice and husk separator
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to the technical field of the agricultural equipment and specifically relates to a rice husk separating centrifuge.
Background
After rice husks are separated from rice, rice grains and rice husks are mixed together, and then the rice grains and the rice husks need to be separated, so that the rice grains are collected, but when the rice grains and the rice husks are separated, people usually separate the rice grains from the rice husks by wind power, but the rice husks are easily blown to the surrounding environment under the blowing of the wind, so that the environment of the surrounding environment is polluted, the effect of separating by the blowing of the wind is not obvious, and part of the rice husks are remained in a rice grain stack and are difficult to blow out; therefore, it is necessary to design an apparatus for rice husk separation.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model is not enough to the above-mentioned technique, provide one kind can carry out the fractionation through overhead gage, type of falling V baffle, lower baffle and oscillating mechanism to grain of rice and chaff and handle, the chaff is collected by appointed collection device after separating moreover rice husk separating centrifuge.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model discloses a following technical scheme realizes:
the utility model provides a rice husk separating centrifuge, includes the frame, the top of frame is provided with feed hopper, be provided with the overhead gage on the frame inner wall of feed hopper one side, be provided with the type of falling V baffle on the frame inner wall of overhead gage below, be provided with down the baffle on the frame inner wall of type of falling V baffle one side, be provided with the first fan on air outlet baffle surface down through first backup pad on the side wall of frame, be provided with the guide rail on the frame inner wall of type of falling V baffle one side, be provided with chaff collection vehicle on the guide rail, be provided with chaff transmission mechanism in the frame of guide rail below, be provided with oscillating mechanism in the frame of chaff transmission mechanism one side, logical groove has been seted up in the frame of chaff transmission mechanism opposite side, the bottom that leads to the groove is provided with the chaff.
Further, the bottom of the feeding funnel is inclined.
Further, the chaff collection vehicle includes shell, second fan, accumulate device and gyro wheel, the inside of shell is for depositing the shell chamber, one side of depositing the shell chamber is located one side of the type of falling V baffle, the second fan passes through the second backup pad setting on the opposite side of depositing the shell chamber, the mouth of blowing of second fan is outside towards depositing the shell chamber, accumulate device sets up the top at the shell, accumulate device and second fan electric connection, the bottom both sides of shell are provided with a plurality of gyro wheel fixing base, the gyro wheel passes through the pivot cooperation on the gyro wheel fixing base, the shell of accumulate device one side is provided with first handle of grabbing on the surface.
Further, chaff transmission device includes motor, transfer roller and conveyer belt, the motor sets up in the bottom of frame, be provided with a plurality of transfer roller fixing base on the frame of motor top, the transfer roller passes through the pivot cooperation on the transfer roller fixing base, all be provided with the belt pulley in the drive end of motor and the pivot of one of them transfer roller, two the belt pulley between connect through the drive belt, the conveyer belt cover is established on the transfer roller, one side of conveyer belt is located the below of oscillating mechanism one side, the opposite side of conveyer belt is located the top in logical groove.
Further, the oscillating mechanism comprises an oscillating motor and an oscillating disc, the oscillating motor is arranged in the base on one side of the chaff transmission mechanism, and the oscillating disc is arranged at the driving end of the oscillating motor.
Furthermore, a second grabbing handle is arranged on the outer side wall surface of the chaff collecting box.
Further, a bin door is arranged on the wall surface of the machine base on the outer side of the oscillating mechanism.
The utility model has the advantages that:
can carry out the fractionation through overhead gage, type of falling V baffle, lower baffle and oscillating mechanism to rice grain and chaff and handle, the chaff is collected by appointed collection device after the separation moreover, and the operation of taking out in chaff and the rice grain follow machine after the separation is also comparatively convenient.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
In the figure, a machine base 1, a feeding funnel 2, an upper baffle 3, an inverted V-shaped baffle 4, a lower baffle 5, a first supporting plate 6, a first fan 7, a guide rail 8, a through groove 9, a chaff collecting box 10, a shell storage cavity 11, a second supporting plate 12, a roller fixing seat 13, a first grabbing handle 14, a motor 15, a conveying roller 16, a conveying belt 17, a conveying roller fixing seat 18, a belt pulley 19, an oscillating motor 20, an oscillating disc 21, a second grabbing handle 22, a bin gate 23, a shell 24, a second fan 25, an electricity storage device 26, a roller 27 and a conveying belt 28.
Detailed Description
As shown in figure 1, a rice husk separator comprises a machine base 1, wherein a feeding funnel 2 is arranged at the top of the machine base 1, an upper baffle 3 is arranged on the inner wall of the machine base 1 at one side of the feeding funnel 2, an inverted V-shaped baffle 4 is arranged on the inner wall of the machine base 1 below the upper baffle 3, a lower baffle 5 is arranged on the inner wall of the machine base 1 at one side of the inverted V-shaped baffle 4, a first fan 7 with an air outlet facing the surface of the lower baffle 5 is arranged on the wall surface at one side of the machine base 1 through a first supporting plate 6, a guide rail 8 is arranged on the inner wall of the machine base 1 at one side of the inverted V-shaped baffle 4, a rice husk collecting vehicle is arranged on the guide rail 8, a rice husk conveying mechanism is arranged in the machine base 1 below the guide rail 8, an oscillating mechanism is arranged in the machine base 1 at one, the bottom of the through groove 9 is provided with a chaff collecting box 10.
The bottom of the feed hopper 2 is inclined.
The chaff collection vehicle includes shell 24, second fan 25, electric storage device 26 and gyro wheel 27, the inside of shell 24 is for depositing shell chamber 11, one side of depositing shell chamber 11 is located one side of type of falling V baffle 4, second fan 25 passes through second backup pad 12 and sets up on the opposite side of depositing shell chamber 11, the mouth of blowing of second fan 25 is outside depositing shell chamber 11 towards, electric storage device 26 sets up the top at shell 24, electric storage device 26 and second fan 25 electric connection, the bottom both sides of shell 24 are provided with a plurality of gyro wheel fixing base 13, gyro wheel 27 passes through the pivot cooperation on gyro wheel fixing base 13, the shell 24 of electric storage device 26 one side is provided with first grab handle 14 on the surface.
Chaff transmission device includes motor 15, transfer roller 16 and conveyer belt 17, motor 15 sets up in the bottom of frame 1, be provided with a plurality of transfer roller fixing base 18 on the frame 1 of motor 15 top, transfer roller 16 cooperates on transfer roller fixing base 18 through the pivot, all be provided with belt pulley 19 in the drive end of motor 15 and one of them transfer roller 16's the pivot, two belt pulley 19 between connect through drive belt 28, the cover is established on transfer roller 16 to conveyer belt 17 cover, one side of conveyer belt 17 is located the below of oscillating mechanism one side, the opposite side of conveyer belt 17 is located the top that leads to groove 9.
The oscillating mechanism comprises an oscillating motor 20 and an oscillating disc 21, the oscillating motor 20 is arranged in the machine base 1 on one side of the chaff transmission mechanism, and the oscillating disc is arranged on the driving end of the oscillating motor 20.
The outer side wall surface of the chaff collecting box 10 is provided with a second grip handle 22.
And a bin door 23 is arranged on the wall surface of the machine base 1 at the outer side of the oscillating mechanism.
When in use:
the rice grains mixed with the husks are poured into a feeding funnel 2, the bottom of the feeding funnel 2 is inclined, the falling track of the husks from the bottom of the feeding funnel 2 is far away than that of the rice grains due to different masses of the husks and the rice grains, the rice grains with larger mass fall onto a lower baffle plate 8 from the feeding funnel 2, the husks with lighter mass are blown onto an upper baffle plate 3 under the blowing of a first fan 7, the husks collide with the upper baffle plate 3 and fall onto an inverted V-shaped baffle plate 4, the husks fall into a shell storage cavity 11 along the inverted V-shaped baffle plate 4, if part of the rice grains fall onto the inverted V-shaped baffle plate 4 and fall into the shell storage cavity 11 along the inverted V-shaped baffle plate 4 to be mixed with the rice grains, the husks in the shell storage cavity 11 can be sucked by a second fan 25 and are sucked out of the rice grains, and the separation function of the rice grains and the husks is achieved; after the separation is finished, the chaff collecting vehicle can be pulled out of the machine base 1 through the first grabbing handle 14, so that workers can collect the chaff and rice grains in the hull storage cavity 11; if rice grains or chaffs falling from the upper baffle 3 fall onto the wall surface on the other side of the inverted V-shaped baffle 4, the rice grains or the chaffs can fall onto the oscillating mechanism along the wall surface of the inverted V-shaped baffle 4; rice grains or chaff falling from the upper baffle plate 3 or the inverted V-shaped baffle plate 4 falls into the oscillating disc 21, the oscillating motor 20 drives the oscillating disc 21 to oscillate left and right, so that rice grains or chaff with different qualities are separated, if the rice grains or the chaff in the oscillating disc 21 fly out of the oscillating disc 21 and fall onto the conveyor belt 17, the motor 15 drives the conveyor belt 17 to rotate, so that the chaff or the rice grains are conveyed to the upper part of the through groove 9 through the conveyor belt 17, and the chaff or the rice grains fall into the chaff collecting box 10 from the conveyor belt 17, so that the chaff and the rice grains fall onto different positions in the chaff collecting box 10 due to different qualities of the chaff and the rice grains, after the separation is finished, the chaff collecting box 10 can be pulled out of the machine base 1 through the second grab handle 22, and workers can collect the chaff and the rice grains in the chaff collecting box 10; after the separation is completed, the worker can collect the chaff and the rice grains in the shaking tray 21 by opening the bin door 23.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a rice husk separating centrifuge, includes the frame, its characterized in that, the top of frame is provided with feed hopper, be provided with the overhead gage on the frame inner wall of feed hopper one side, be provided with the type of falling V baffle on the frame inner wall of overhead gage below, be provided with down the baffle on the frame inner wall of type of falling V baffle one side, be provided with the first fan on air outlet baffle surface down towards through first backup pad on the wall of one side of frame, be provided with the guide rail on the frame inner wall of type of falling V baffle one side, be provided with chaff collection vehicle on the guide rail, be provided with chaff transport mechanism in the frame of guide rail below, be provided with oscillating mechanism in the frame of chaff transport mechanism one side, it leads to the groove to have seted up in the frame of chaff transport mechanism opposite side, the bottom that leads to.
2. A rice and husk separator as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the bottom of the feed hopper is inclined.
3. The rice husk separator according to claim 1, wherein the husk collector comprises a housing, a second fan, an electricity storage device and rollers, the housing is internally provided with a husk storage cavity, one side of the husk storage cavity is positioned on one side of the inverted-V-shaped baffle, the second fan is arranged on the other side of the husk storage cavity through a second support plate, an air blowing port of the second fan faces the outside of the husk storage cavity, the electricity storage device is arranged at the top of the housing, the electricity storage device is electrically connected with the second fan, a plurality of roller fixing seats are arranged on two sides of the bottom of the housing, the rollers are matched on the roller fixing seats through rotating shafts, and a first grab handle is arranged on the surface of the housing on one side of the electricity storage device.
4. The rice husk separator according to claim 1, wherein said husk conveying mechanism comprises a motor, a conveying roller and a conveying belt, said motor is disposed in the bottom of the base, said base above said motor is provided with a plurality of conveying roller holders, said conveying roller is fitted on the conveying roller holders through a rotating shaft, said driving end of said motor and said rotating shaft of one of the conveying rollers are both provided with belt pulleys, two of said belt pulleys are connected through a driving belt, said conveying belt is sleeved on the conveying roller, one side of said conveying belt is located below one side of the oscillating mechanism, and the other side of said conveying belt is located above the through groove.
5. The rice-husk separator according to claim 1, wherein the oscillating mechanism comprises an oscillating motor and an oscillating disc, the oscillating motor is arranged in the machine base on one side of the husk conveying mechanism, and the oscillating disc is arranged on the driving end of the oscillating motor.
6. A rice and husk separator according to claim 1, characterized in that a second grip handle is provided on the outer side wall of the husk collecting box.
7. The rice-husk separator according to claim 1, wherein a bin gate is provided on the wall surface of the base outside the oscillating mechanism.
CN201921774227.6U 2019-10-21 2019-10-21 Rice and husk separator Active CN210701149U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921774227.6U CN210701149U (en) 2019-10-21 2019-10-21 Rice and husk separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921774227.6U CN210701149U (en) 2019-10-21 2019-10-21 Rice and husk separator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210701149U true CN210701149U (en) 2020-06-09

Family

ID=70955649

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921774227.6U Active CN210701149U (en) 2019-10-21 2019-10-21 Rice and husk separator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210701149U (en)

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