CN210689703U - Granary environmental monitoring system - Google Patents

Granary environmental monitoring system Download PDF

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CN210689703U
CN210689703U CN201921067624.XU CN201921067624U CN210689703U CN 210689703 U CN210689703 U CN 210689703U CN 201921067624 U CN201921067624 U CN 201921067624U CN 210689703 U CN210689703 U CN 210689703U
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granary
detection module
humidity
monitoring system
temperature
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Ningbo Zhihui Industry Development Co ltd
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Ningbo Zhihui Industry Development Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the technical field of granaries, in particular to a granary environment monitoring system, which comprises a ground, a wall and a roof, wherein the ground, the wall and the roof form the granary, an intelligent monitoring system is arranged in the granary, and the intelligent monitoring system comprises a temperature detection module, a humidity detection module, a weighing detection module, a main control module, an execution unit, a display screen and a pest catching device; the temperature detection module and the humidity detection module are convenient for detecting the temperature and humidity parameters in the granary in real time, and control the execution unit to carry out corresponding adjustment through the main control module, so that the environment in the granary returns to normal level parameters.

Description

Granary environmental monitoring system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a granary technical field specifically is a granary environmental monitoring system.
Background
At present, China is a large population country, and grains and the reserves thereof are the basis for the stability of China. The environmental management of the granary is relatively complex, and the temperature and the humidity of the granary are kept stable, and the grains in the granary are also kept from being corroded by pests. Therefore, in the grain storage process, multiple indexes such as grain weight, temperature, humidity, carbon dioxide and the like in the granary need to be mastered in real time, so that the quality and safety of the grains in the granary are ensured.
The existing granary storage and detection modes mostly adopt a manual recording and monitoring mode, namely, the manual recording of the grain in-out storage number and the granary environmental information such as temperature, humidity and the like. Most granaries are equipped with monitoring device, and most also can only regard as the surveillance video to use, can only be used for observing grain and have or not lack in quantity, can not be used for monitoring grain and whether take place to deteriorate.
Therefore, a granary environment monitoring system which fundamentally prevents the grains from deteriorating and has multiple functions and better effect is urgently needed.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
A primary object of the present invention is to provide a granary environmental monitoring system, which solves the technical problems of the prior art that the monitoring system cannot monitor the deterioration of the grain and the monitoring system has single function and poor effect.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the technical scheme that: a granary environment monitoring system comprises a ground, a wall and a roof which form a granary, wherein an intelligent monitoring system is arranged in the granary and comprises a temperature detection module, a humidity detection module and a weighing detection module, the intelligent monitoring system is electrically connected with a main control module, the main control module is electrically connected with an execution unit corresponding to the temperature detection module and the humidity detection module, and the main control module is electrically connected with a display screen;
the pest catching device comprises a plurality of cover bodies which are arranged on a roof and used for attracting pests;
the temperature detection module comprises a plurality of temperature sensors arranged in the granary, the temperature sensors are distributed in a multilayer manner in the vertical direction, and at least 2 temperature sensors are distributed on each layer and used for monitoring temperature parameters in the granary;
the humidity detection module comprises a plurality of humidity sensors arranged in the granary, the humidity sensors are distributed in a multilayer manner in the vertical direction, and at least 2 humidity sensors are distributed on each layer and used for monitoring humidity parameters in the granary;
the weighing detection module comprises at least 2 pressure sensors arranged at an inlet and an outlet of the granary and is used for monitoring weight parameters of the granary.
Further optimization, the execution unit corresponding to the temperature detection module is a fan or an exhaust fan, a heating section is installed at a delivery outlet of the fan, an electric heating wire is arranged in the heating section, and the electric heating wire is electrically connected with the main control module; the air exhaust fan is located on the upper portion of the granary, an air inlet is further formed in the lower portion of the granary, a refrigeration component is further arranged on the air inlet, and the refrigeration component is electrically connected with the main control module.
Further preferably, the execution unit corresponding to the humidity detection module is an air dryer, and a power supply of the air dryer is electrically connected with the main control module.
Further optimization, the master control module is further connected with a communication module, and the communication module is matched with a mobile phone communication network.
Further optimization, the main control module is electrically connected with an operation key for adjusting the workload of the execution unit; the operation key comprises an adjusting push button for adjusting the air quantity of the fan, the air quantity of the exhaust fan, the heating time of the electric heating wire and the refrigerating time of the refrigerating part.
The pest trapping device is characterized in that the cover body further comprises a collecting part and a suction part, the suction part comprises an ultraviolet lamp, a photocatalyst layer is coated on the inner wall of the cover body where the suction part is located, the shell of the cover body where the suction part is located is a transparent shell, a suction port for pests to enter is formed in the shell of the cover body where the collecting part is located, a micro fan for making airflow vortex is further arranged in the collecting part, and the collecting part is further provided with a collecting box for collecting dead pests;
further optimize, it is internal at the cover to collect the box and can dismantle the connection, ultraviolet lamp can dismantle the connection and cover internally.
The principle of the utility model is as follows: the method comprises the steps that a normal-level temperature value and a normal-level humidity value are preset, the temperature detection module and the humidity detection module are used for monitoring the temperature and humidity conditions in the granary in real time and feeding back the monitored humidity and temperature to the main control module, the main control module compares the preset temperature value and the preset humidity value with the monitored temperature value and humidity value and judges whether an execution unit needs to be started to adjust the temperature value and the humidity value in the granary or not. For example, when the temperature in the granary is higher than a preset temperature value, the main control module controls the exhaust fan and the refrigerating unit to be started, the exhaust fan exhausts the air in the granary to the outside, the outside air enters the granary through the air inlet, and the refrigerating unit performs pre-cooling treatment on the outside air to ensure that the air entering the granary is cold air, so that the temperature in the granary is reduced; meanwhile, the refrigerating time of the refrigerating part and the air quantity of the exhaust fan can be set by adjusting the push button so as to ensure that the temperature in the granary can be reduced to a normal level. In a similar way, when the temperature in the granary is lower than the preset temperature value, the main control module controls the fan to be started and heats the heating wire, and the air blown out by the fan enters the granary through the heating of the heating wire to form hot air, so that the temperature in the granary is improved, and meanwhile, the heating time of the heating wire and the air volume of the fan can be set by adjusting the push button to ensure that the temperature in the granary can be raised to a normal level. Similarly, when the humidity value in the granary is higher than the preset value, the main control module controls the air dryer to start, so that the humidity in the granary is reduced; when the humidity value in the granary is lower than the preset value, the main control module controls the water sprayer to be started, so that the humidity in the granary is increased.
Meanwhile, temperature information and humidity information detected by the temperature detection module and the humidity detection module can be displayed on the display screen, and the display screen can be installed in a duty room, so that duty personnel can monitor the temperature and humidity conditions in the granary in real time.
Meanwhile, an ultraviolet lamp in the cover body is turned on, the main component of the photocatalyst is nano titanium dioxide, water and oxygen in the air are combined under the irradiation of visible light to form a hydroxyl radical with strong oxidizing property on the surface, the purposes of sterilizing, purifying the air and eliminating peculiar smell can be achieved, CO2 and water are released, because CO2 is the only substance for attracting mosquitoes, flies and the like, the flies fly to the cover body and enter the cover body from an attraction port, an airflow vortex is generated by a micro fan in the cover body to retain the flies in the cover body, the flies are stranded in the cover body under the high-speed airflow vortex, dead bodies of the flies fall into a collecting box, and the collecting box can be detached at regular time so as to conveniently remove the dead bodies of the flies in the collecting box. Thereby reducing the damage degree of the flies to the grains in the granary and reducing the quality and the safety of the grains.
The temperature information and the humidity information detected by the temperature detection module and the humidity detection module can be displayed on a display screen, and can also be connected with a mobile phone of an attendant to check the temperature information and the humidity information in the granary in real time through the mobile phone.
When grain needs to be transported from the grain bin inlet and outlet, the pressure sensor can detect the weight of the transported grain and feed the specific data back to the display screen for displaying, and the weight of the transport trolley is subtracted from the weight value displayed on the display screen due to the fact that the grain is generally transported by the transport trolley when the grain is transported, and then the transported grain can be obtained, so that an operator on duty can conveniently register the grain in the grain bin in and out.
The utility model has the advantages that: 1. the temperature detection module and the humidity detection module are convenient for detecting the temperature and humidity parameters in the granary in real time, and control the execution unit to carry out corresponding adjustment through the main control module, so that the environment in the granary returns to normal level parameters. 2. The collection part and the attraction part are arranged in the cover body, the flies and the mosquitoes in the granary can be attracted into the cover body through the arrangement of the photocatalyst layer and the ultraviolet lamp, the miniature fan rotates to make a vortex to twist the flies and the mosquitoes in the cover body, so that the flies, the mosquitoes and the like in the granary are effectively reduced, and grains in the granary are not easy to be bitten by the flies and the mosquitoes to deteriorate. 3. The display screen can be used for displaying temperature parameters and humidity parameters in the granary, and the temperature parameters and the humidity parameter information of the granary can be monitored in real time through the mobile phone terminal. 4. The inlet and outlet of the granary are provided with pressure sensors to detect the weight of grains entering and exiting the granary.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a diagram of the functional relationship among the modules of a granary environment monitoring system according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is the schematic view of the granary structure in the granary environment monitoring system of the utility model.
Reference numerals: the air dryer comprises a cover body 1, a fan 2, an air inlet 3, an air dryer 4, a sprinkler 5, an ultraviolet lamp 6, a photocatalyst layer 7, a suction port 8 and a collecting box 9.
Detailed Description
The following description is presented to disclose the invention so as to enable any person skilled in the art to practice the invention. The preferred embodiments in the following description are given by way of example only, and other obvious variations will occur to those skilled in the art.
Embodiment 1 of the present invention is shown in fig. 1-2: a granary environment monitoring system comprises a ground, a wall and a roof which form a granary, wherein an intelligent monitoring system is arranged in the granary and comprises a temperature detection module, a humidity detection module and a weighing detection module, the intelligent monitoring system is electrically connected with a main control module, the main control module is electrically connected with an execution unit corresponding to the temperature detection module and the humidity detection module, and the main control module is electrically connected with a display screen;
the pest catching device comprises a cover body 1 which is arranged on a roof and is used for attracting pests;
the temperature detection module comprises 8 temperature sensors arranged in the granary, wherein the 8 temperature sensors are distributed in a multilayer manner in the vertical direction, and 2 temperature sensors are distributed in each layer and used for monitoring temperature parameters in the granary;
the humidity detection module comprises 8 humidity sensors arranged in the granary, the 8 humidity sensors are distributed in a multilayer mode in the vertical direction, and 2 humidity sensors are distributed on each layer and used for monitoring humidity parameters in the granary;
the weighing detection module comprises 2 pressure sensors arranged at an inlet and an outlet of the granary and is used for monitoring weight parameters of the granary.
The execution unit corresponding to the temperature detection module is a fan 2 or an exhaust fan, a heating section is installed at a delivery outlet of the fan 2, an electric heating wire is arranged in the heating section, and the electric heating wire is electrically connected with the main control module; the air exhaust fan or the fan 2 is located on the upper portion of the granary, an air inlet 3 is further formed in the lower portion of the granary, a refrigeration component is further arranged on the air inlet 3, and the refrigeration component is electrically connected with the main control module.
The execution unit corresponding to the humidity detection module is an air dryer 4 or a sprinkler 5, and a power supply of the air dryer 4 is electrically connected with the main control module.
The master control module is also connected with a communication module, and the communication module is matched with a mobile phone communication network.
The main control module is electrically connected with an operation key for adjusting the workload of the execution unit; the operation key comprises an adjusting push button for adjusting the air quantity of the fan 2, the air quantity of the exhaust fan, the heating time of the electric heating wire and the refrigerating time of the refrigerating part.
The pest-catching cover comprises a cover body 1 and a collecting part, wherein the collecting part comprises an ultraviolet lamp 6, a photocatalyst layer 7 is coated on the inner wall of the cover body 1 where the sucking part is located, the shell of the cover body 1 where the sucking part is located is a transparent shell, a sucking port 8 for pests to enter is arranged on the shell of the cover body 1 where the collecting part is located, a micro fan 2 for making airflow vortex is further arranged in the collecting part, and a collecting box 9 for collecting dead bodies of the pests is further arranged in the collecting part;
the collecting box 9 can be detachably connected in the cover body 1, and the ultraviolet lamp 6 can be detachably connected in the cover body 1.
The utility model discloses a concrete operating procedure as follows: the method comprises the steps that a normal-level temperature value and a normal-level humidity value are preset, the temperature detection module and the humidity detection module are used for monitoring the temperature and humidity conditions in the granary in real time and feeding back the monitored humidity and temperature to the main control module, the main control module compares the preset temperature value and the preset humidity value with the monitored temperature value and humidity value and judges whether an execution unit needs to be started to adjust the temperature value and the humidity value in the granary or not. For example, when the temperature in the granary is higher than a preset temperature value, the main control module controls the exhaust fan and the refrigerating unit to be started, the exhaust fan exhausts the air in the granary to the outside, the outside air enters the granary through the air inlet 3, and the refrigerating unit performs pre-cooling treatment on the outside air to ensure that the air entering the granary is cold air, so that the temperature in the granary is reduced to a normal level; meanwhile, the refrigerating time of the refrigerating part and the air quantity of the exhaust fan can be set by adjusting the push button so as to ensure that the temperature in the granary can be reduced to a normal level. In the same way, when the temperature in the granary is lower than the preset temperature value, the main control module controls the fan 2 to open and heat the heating wire, and the air blown out by the fan 2 enters the granary through the heating of the heating wire to form hot air, so that the temperature in the granary is improved, and meanwhile, the heating time of the heating wire and the air volume of the fan 2 can be set through adjusting the push button to ensure that the temperature in the granary can be raised to a normal level. Similarly, when the humidity value in the granary is higher than the preset value, the main control module controls the air dryer 4 to be started, so that the humidity in the granary is reduced to a normal level; when the humidity value in the granary is lower than the preset value, the main control module controls the water sprayer 5 to be started, so that the humidity in the granary is increased to a normal level.
Meanwhile, temperature information and humidity information detected by the temperature detection module and the humidity detection module can be displayed on the display screen, the display screen can be installed in an on-duty room, so that an on-duty person can monitor the temperature and humidity conditions in the granary in real time, when the on-duty person finds that the temperature and the humidity in the granary are abnormal, the abnormal temperature and humidity regions can be checked manually, and the region parameters in the granary are determined to be normal levels.
Meanwhile, an ultraviolet lamp in the cover body 1 is turned on, the main component of a photocatalyst is nano titanium dioxide, water and oxygen in air are combined under the irradiation of visible light to form a hydroxyl radical with strong oxidizing property on the surface, the purposes of sterilizing, purifying air and eliminating peculiar smell can be achieved, CO2 and water are released, because CO2 is the only substance for attracting mosquitoes, flies and the like, the flies fly to the cover body 1 and enter the cover body 1 from an attraction port 8, an airflow vortex is manufactured by a micro fan 2 in the cover body 1 to retain the flies in the cover body 1, the flies are stranded in the cover body 1 under the high-speed airflow vortex, dead flies of the flies fall into a collecting box 9, and the collecting box 9 can be detached at regular time to conveniently remove the flies in the cover body. Thereby reducing the damage degree of the flies to the grains in the granary and reducing the quality and the safety of the grains.
The temperature information and the humidity information detected by the temperature detection module and the humidity detection module can be displayed on a display screen, and can also be connected with a mobile phone of an attendant to check the temperature information and the humidity information in the granary in real time through the mobile phone.
When grain needs to be transported from the grain bin inlet and outlet, the pressure sensor can detect the weight of the transported grain and feed the specific data back to the display screen for displaying, and the weight of the transport trolley is subtracted from the weight value displayed on the display screen due to the fact that the grain is generally transported by the transport trolley when the grain is transported, and then the transported grain can be obtained, so that an operator on duty can conveniently register the grain in the grain bin in and out.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and that the principles of the present invention may be applied to any other embodiment without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (7)

1. A granary environment monitoring system is characterized by comprising a ground, a wall and a roof which form a granary, wherein an intelligent monitoring system is arranged in the granary and comprises a temperature detection module, a humidity detection module and a weighing detection module, the intelligent monitoring system is electrically connected with a main control module, the main control module is electrically connected with an execution unit corresponding to the temperature detection module and the humidity detection module, and the main control module is electrically connected with a display screen;
the pest catching device comprises a plurality of cover bodies which are arranged on a roof and used for attracting pests;
the temperature detection module comprises a plurality of temperature sensors arranged in the granary, the temperature sensors are distributed in a multilayer manner in the vertical direction, and at least 2 temperature sensors are distributed on each layer and used for monitoring temperature parameters in the granary;
the humidity detection module comprises a plurality of humidity sensors arranged in the granary, the humidity sensors are distributed in a multilayer manner in the vertical direction, and at least 2 humidity sensors are distributed on each layer and used for monitoring humidity parameters in the granary;
the weighing detection module comprises at least 2 pressure sensors arranged at an inlet and an outlet of the granary and is used for monitoring weight parameters of the granary.
2. The granary environment monitoring system according to claim 1, wherein the execution unit corresponding to the temperature detection module is a fan or an exhaust fan, a heating section is installed at a delivery outlet of the fan, an electric heating wire is arranged in the heating section, and the electric heating wire is electrically connected with the main control module; the air exhaust fan is located on the upper portion of the granary, an air inlet is further formed in the lower portion of the granary, a refrigeration component is further arranged on the air inlet, and the refrigeration component is electrically connected with the main control module.
3. The grain bin environment monitoring system according to claim 1, wherein an execution unit corresponding to the humidity detection module is an air dryer or a sprinkler, and a power supply of the air dryer is electrically connected with the main control module.
4. The granary environment monitoring system according to claim 1, wherein the master control module is further connected with a communication module, and the communication module is matched with a mobile phone communication network.
5. The granary environment monitoring system according to claim 1, wherein the main control module is electrically connected with an operation key for adjusting the workload of the execution unit; the operation key comprises an adjusting push button for adjusting the air quantity of the fan, the air quantity of the exhaust fan, the heating time of the electric heating wire and the refrigerating time of the refrigerating part.
6. The granary environment monitoring system according to claim 1, wherein the cover body comprises a collecting portion and an attracting portion, the attracting portion comprises an ultraviolet lamp, a photocatalyst layer is coated on the inner wall of the cover body where the attracting portion is located, the shell of the cover body where the attracting portion is located is a transparent shell, a suction port for pests to enter is formed in the shell of the cover body where the collecting portion is located, a micro fan for making airflow vortex is further arranged in the collecting portion, and the collecting portion is further provided with a collecting box for collecting dead pests.
7. The granary environmental monitoring system of claim 6, wherein the collection box is detachably connected inside the cover body, and the UV lamp is detachably connected inside the cover body.
CN201921067624.XU 2019-07-09 2019-07-09 Granary environmental monitoring system Active CN210689703U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921067624.XU CN210689703U (en) 2019-07-09 2019-07-09 Granary environmental monitoring system

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112558667A (en) * 2021-02-24 2021-03-26 南京财经大学 Wisdom granary feed control device system
TWI780998B (en) * 2021-11-29 2022-10-11 國立屏東科技大學 Programmable feed-supplying system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112558667A (en) * 2021-02-24 2021-03-26 南京财经大学 Wisdom granary feed control device system
TWI780998B (en) * 2021-11-29 2022-10-11 國立屏東科技大學 Programmable feed-supplying system

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