CN210649771U - Multifunctional numerical control machine tool - Google Patents

Multifunctional numerical control machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210649771U
CN210649771U CN201921473958.7U CN201921473958U CN210649771U CN 210649771 U CN210649771 U CN 210649771U CN 201921473958 U CN201921473958 U CN 201921473958U CN 210649771 U CN210649771 U CN 210649771U
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machine tool
numerical control
control machine
base
observation window
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CN201921473958.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张超
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Suzhou Qunzhi Machinery Equipment Co ltd
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Suzhou Qunzhi Machinery Equipment Co ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a multifunctional numerical control machine tool, including base and processing chamber, the top of base is equipped with the opening, and communicate in through opening and the processing chamber, be equipped with observation window and human-computer interface on the processing chamber respectively, be equipped with extrusion separating mechanism in the base, observation window's inboard is equipped with clearance mechanism, extrusion separating mechanism includes liquid collecting component and dander pressing component, liquid collecting component includes the collecting tank, the connecting pipe, the drawing liquid pump, the holding vessel, the extrusion box, gearbox and motor, dander pressing component includes guide rail, the movable block, the cylinder, bearing and clamp plate, in this multifunctional numerical control machine tool, the dander that can be fluffy is compacted into the piece, make the dander volume that once discharged smaller, the volume is more, reduce operating personnel intensity of labour and time cost, improved production efficiency; the cutting fluid carried by the scraps can be separated and collected, so that later-stage recycling is facilitated, the consumption of the cutting fluid is reduced, and the production cost is reduced.

Description

Multifunctional numerical control machine tool
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a digit control machine tool field, in particular to multi-functional digit control machine tool.
Background
In the machining process of the numerical control machine tool, a large amount of metal scraps are generated, the scrap state mainly takes a bulk shape, a package shape and a strip shape, and the scraps in the shapes are very fluffy under the condition of natural accumulation, so that the volume of a scrap removal trolley is easily occupied, the scraps need to be frequently and repeatedly transported by manpower, and the production efficiency is influenced; in addition, the scraps often carry a large amount of cutting fluid, and the cutting fluid is discharged outwards along with the scraps, so that a large amount of cutting fluid is consumed, and the processing cost is increased; in addition, in the machining process, an observation window on the machine tool is easily stained with cutting fluid and scraps, so that the observation sight is influenced, and the machining operation is influenced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses the technical problem that will solve is: in order to overcome the defects of the prior art, a multifunctional numerical control machine tool is provided.
In order to achieve the above technical effect, the utility model discloses a technical scheme is: a multifunctional numerical control machine tool comprises a base and a processing chamber, wherein an opening is formed in the top of the base and is communicated with the inside of the processing chamber through the opening, an observation window and a human-computer interface are respectively arranged on the processing chamber, an extrusion separation mechanism is arranged in the base, and a cleaning mechanism is arranged on the inner side of the observation window;
the extrusion separation mechanism comprises a liquid collection assembly and a chip pressing assembly, and the liquid collection assembly is matched with the chip pressing assembly;
the liquid collecting assembly comprises a liquid collecting barrel, a connecting pipe, a liquid pump, a storage tank, an extrusion box, a gearbox and a motor, wherein the liquid collecting barrel, the liquid pump and the storage tank are all fixed in a base and are sequentially connected through the connecting pipe, the barrel opening of the liquid collecting barrel is upward, the extrusion box is accommodated in the liquid collecting barrel, a plurality of liquid discharging holes are formed in the extrusion box, the box opening of the extrusion box is upward and is positioned below the opening, the gearbox and the motor are both arranged below the liquid collecting barrel, the output end of the gearbox penetrates through the liquid collecting barrel to be connected with the extrusion box, and the input end of the gearbox is connected with the motor;
the scrap pressing assembly comprises a guide rail, a moving block, a cylinder, a bearing and a pressing plate, the guide rail is horizontally arranged at the top of the base, the moving block is arranged on the guide rail and can slide along the guide rail, the cylinder is vertically installed on the moving block, the pressing plate is horizontally arranged below the cylinder, the pressing plate is matched with the extrusion box, electric clamping jaws are arranged on two sides of the pressing plate, and the pressing plate is connected with the cylinder through the bearing.
Preferably, the cleaning mechanism comprises a cross rod, a roller, a spray head, a lifting device and a water supply device, the cross rod is horizontally arranged on the inner side of the observation window, the roller is parallel to the cross rod and fixed below the cross rod, the spray head is arranged above the cross rod, the lifting device and the water supply device are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the observation window, the lifting device is connected with the cross rod and drives the cross rod to move up and down, and the water supply device is connected with the spray head. In order to clean the cutting fluid and the scraps on the observation window, an operator can conveniently observe the conditions in the processing chamber in real time; during the clearance, water supply installation at first supplies water for the shower nozzle, and the shower nozzle sprays water towards observation window, washes partial filth, then elevating gear starts, and elevating gear can drive the cylinder and descend, and the clearance is cleaned to the cylinder subsides leaning on observation window for observation window keeps clean state, and the cylinder setting is the advantage in the shower nozzle below, can be sprayed water by the shower nozzle to the cylinder and wash, repeatedly usable after the cylinder is clean.
Preferably, the spray heads are arranged in parallel along the cross rod, and face the observation window. In order to clean the observation window or the roller, the cleaning effect is improved through the combined action of the plurality of spray heads.
Preferably, the bottom of the liquid collecting barrel is funnel-shaped. In order to facilitate the cutting fluid to collect at the bottom and then be discharged.
Preferably, a filter screen is arranged at the bottom in the liquid collecting barrel. In order to filter the cutting fluid, a small amount of waste chip impurities in the cutting fluid are removed, and subsequent reutilization is facilitated.
Preferably, an electromagnet is arranged in the pressing plate and electrically connected with the human-computer interface. In order to adsorb tiny easy sweeps that drop through the electro-magnet, guarantee the sweeps piece global movement.
Preferably, one end of the base is provided with a discharge port.
Preferably, a conveying line is further arranged in the base, and one end of the conveying line extends out of the discharge port. In order to automatically discharge the scrap pieces.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that: in the multifunctional numerical control machine tool, fluffy scraps can be compacted into blocks, so that the volume of the scraps discharged at a time is smaller and the quantity of the scraps is more, the labor intensity and the time cost of operators are reduced, and the production efficiency is improved; cutting fluid carried by the scraps can be separated and collected, so that the cutting fluid is convenient to recycle at the later stage, the consumption of the cutting fluid is reduced, and the production cost is reduced; the observation window can be automatically cleaned, the visual observation effect is ensured, and the operator can conveniently master the processing condition in real time.
The foregoing description is only an overview of the technical solutions of the present invention, and in order to make the technical means of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention may be implemented according to the content of the description, and in order to make the above and other objects, features, and advantages of the present invention more clearly understood, the present invention will be further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and the embodiments, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some embodiments, not all embodiments of the present invention.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the multifunctional numerical control machine tool of the present invention.
Figure 2 is the utility model discloses a collection liquid subassembly's of multi-functional digit control machine tool structural schematic.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the chip pressing assembly of the multifunctional numerical control machine tool of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the cleaning mechanism of the multifunctional numerical control machine tool of the present invention.
The reference numbers and corresponding designations in the drawings are: 1. the automatic cleaning machine comprises a base, 2 parts of a processing chamber, 3 parts of an opening, 4 parts of an observation window, 5 parts of a human-computer interface, 6 parts of a liquid collecting barrel, 7 parts of a connecting pipe, 8 parts of a liquid drawing pump, 9 parts of a storage tank, 10 parts of an extrusion box, 11 parts of a gearbox, 12 parts of a motor, 13 parts of a guide rail, 14 parts of a moving block, 15 parts of a cylinder, 16 parts of a bearing, 17 parts of a pressing plate, 18 parts of an electric clamping jaw, 19 parts of a cross rod, 20 parts of a roller, 21 parts of a spray head, 22 parts of a lifting device, 23 parts of a water supply device, 24 parts of a filter screen.
Detailed Description
The present invention will now be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. These drawings are simplified schematic drawings and illustrate the basic structure of the present invention only in a schematic manner, and thus show only the components related to the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1, a multifunctional numerical control machine tool comprises a base 1 and a processing chamber 2, wherein an opening 3 is formed in the top of the base 1 and communicated with the processing chamber 2 through the opening 3, an observation window 4 and a human-computer interface 5 are respectively arranged on the processing chamber 2, an extrusion separation mechanism is arranged in the base 1, and a cleaning mechanism is arranged on the inner side of the observation window 4;
the extrusion separation mechanism comprises a liquid collection assembly and a chip pressing assembly, and the liquid collection assembly is matched with the chip pressing assembly;
as shown in fig. 2, the liquid collecting assembly comprises a liquid collecting barrel 6, a connecting pipe 7, a liquid pump 8, a storage tank 9, an extrusion box 10, a gearbox 11 and a motor 12, wherein the liquid collecting barrel 6, the liquid pump 8 and the storage tank 9 are all fixed in a base 1 and are sequentially connected through the connecting pipe 7, the barrel opening of the liquid collecting barrel 6 is upward, the extrusion box 10 is accommodated in the liquid collecting barrel 6, a plurality of liquid discharge holes are formed in the extrusion box 10, the box opening of the extrusion box 10 is upward and located below the opening 3, the gearbox 11 and the motor 12 are both arranged below the liquid collecting barrel 6, the output end of the gearbox 11 penetrates through the liquid collecting barrel 6 to be connected with the extrusion box 10, and the input end of the gearbox 11 is connected with the;
as shown in fig. 3, the scrap pressing assembly comprises a guide rail 13, a moving block 14, a cylinder 15, a bearing 16 and a pressing plate 17, wherein the guide rail 13 is horizontally arranged at the top of the base 1, the moving block 14 is arranged on the guide rail 13 and can slide along the guide rail 13, the cylinder 15 is vertically arranged on the moving block 14, the pressing plate 17 is horizontally arranged below the cylinder 15, the pressing plate 17 is matched with the extrusion box 10, electric clamping jaws 18 are arranged on two sides of the pressing plate 17, and the pressing plate 17 is connected with the cylinder 15 through the bearing 16.
As shown in fig. 4, the cleaning mechanism includes a cross bar 19, a roller 20, a spray head 21, a lifting device 22 and a water supply device 23, the cross bar is horizontally disposed at the inner side of the observation window 4, the roller 20 is parallel to the cross bar 19 and fixed below the cross bar 19, the spray head 21 is disposed above the cross bar 19, the lifting device 22 and the water supply device 23 are respectively disposed at the left and right sides of the observation window 4, the lifting device 22 is connected with the cross bar 19 and drives the cross bar 19 to move up and down, and the water supply device 23 is connected with the spray head 21. In order to clean the cutting fluid and the waste chips on the observation window 4, the operator can conveniently observe the conditions in the processing chamber 2 in real time.
There are several spray heads 21, each spray head 21 being arranged side by side along the cross bar 19, the spray heads 21 facing the viewing window 4. In order to clean the observation window 4 or the drum 20, the cleaning effect is improved by the cooperation of the plurality of nozzles 21.
The bottom of the liquid collecting barrel 6 is funnel-shaped. In order to facilitate the cutting fluid to collect at the bottom and then be discharged.
The bottom in the liquid collecting barrel 6 is provided with a filter screen 24. In order to filter the cutting fluid, a small amount of waste chip impurities in the cutting fluid are removed, and subsequent reutilization is facilitated.
An electromagnet 25 is arranged in the pressure plate 17, and the electromagnet 25 is electrically connected with the human-computer interface 5. In order to adsorb the fine and easy-to-drop scraps through the electromagnet 25, the scraps are guaranteed to move integrally.
One end of the base 1 is provided with a discharge opening 26.
A conveying line 27 is further arranged in the base 1, and one end of the conveying line 27 extends out of the discharge opening 26. In order to automatically discharge the scrap pieces.
The working principle is as follows: after the machine tool is machined, the scraps in the machining chamber 2 fall into the extrusion box 10 through the opening 3, in fact, a camera or a gravity sensor can be installed in the base 1, so that the amount of the scraps in the extrusion box 10 is detected, when the scraps are accumulated to a certain degree, the moving block 14 drives the air cylinder 15 to move along the guide rail 13 to a position right above a box opening of the extrusion box 10, then the air cylinder 15 is started, the air cylinder 15 drives the pressing plate 17 to perform downward extrusion for multiple times in a discontinuous mode through the bearing 16, fluffy scraps are compacted into blocks, and therefore the space occupied by the scraps is reduced; in the extrusion process, part of cutting fluid is extruded and flows into the liquid collecting barrel 6 through a fluid discharge hole in the extrusion box 10, meanwhile, the motor 12 is electrified with the gearbox 11 to drive the extrusion box 10 to rotate at a high speed, the pressing plate 17 compacts the cutting fluid to prevent the cutting fluid from splashing, the synchronous rotation of the pressing plate 17 and the extrusion box 10 is ensured through the bearing 16, the rest cutting fluid is thrown out to the inside of the liquid collecting barrel 6 under the action of centrifugal force and finally flows back to the bottom of the liquid collecting barrel to be accumulated, at the moment, the liquid pump 8 is started to convey the cutting fluid processed by the filter screen 24 into the storage tank 9 for recycling, so that the subsequent cyclic utilization is facilitated, the consumption of the cutting fluid is reduced, and the production cost is reduced; after the cutting fluid is separated, the pressing plate 17 grabs the formed waste chip block through the electric clamping jaw 18, takes out the waste chip block from the extrusion box 10, moves the waste chip block to the conveying line 27, and finally discharges the waste chip block outwards from the discharge hole 26, so that the volume of the discharged waste chip is smaller, the quantity of the waste chip block is more, the frequency of dumping the waste chip by an operator is reduced, and the production efficiency is improved. In the course of working, when observation window 4 needs the clearance, water supply installation 23 at first supplies water for shower nozzle 21, shower nozzle 21 sprays water towards observation window 4, wash partial filth, then elevating gear 22 starts, elevating gear 22 can drive cylinder 20 and descend, cylinder 20 pastes and cleans the clearance by leaning on observation window 4, make observation window 4 keep clean state, the condition in the operating personnel of being convenient for observation process chamber 2, the advantage of cylinder 20 setting in shower nozzle 21 below is, can spray water by shower nozzle 21 to cylinder 20 and wash, repeatedly usable after cylinder 20 is clean.
In the utility model, fluffy scraps can be compacted into blocks, so that the volume of the scraps discharged at a single time is smaller, the quantity of the scraps is more, the labor intensity and the time cost of operators are reduced, and the production efficiency is improved; cutting fluid carried by the scraps can be separated and collected, so that the cutting fluid is convenient to recycle at the later stage, the consumption of the cutting fluid is reduced, and the production cost is reduced; can carry out the automation to observation window 4 and clear up, guarantee the visual observation effect, the operating personnel of being convenient for masters the processing condition in real time.
The present invention is not limited to the above specific embodiments, and for those skilled in the art, the above conception can be used without any creative work, and all the changes made fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A multifunctional numerical control machine tool comprises a base (1) and a processing chamber (2), wherein an opening (3) is formed in the top of the base (1) and communicated with the processing chamber (2) through the opening (3), an observation window (4) and a human-computer interface (5) are respectively arranged on the processing chamber (2), and the multifunctional numerical control machine tool is characterized in that an extrusion separation mechanism is arranged in the base (1), and a cleaning mechanism is arranged on the inner side of the observation window (4);
the extrusion separation mechanism comprises a liquid collection assembly and a chip pressing assembly, and the liquid collection assembly is matched with the chip pressing assembly;
the liquid collection assembly comprises a liquid collection barrel (6), a connecting pipe (7), a liquid pump (8), a storage tank (9), an extrusion box (10), a gearbox (11) and a motor (12), wherein the liquid collection barrel (6), the liquid pump (8) and the storage tank (9) are all fixed in a base (1), the liquid collection barrel (6), the liquid pump (8) and the storage tank (9) are sequentially connected through the connecting pipe (7), a barrel opening of the liquid collection barrel (6) faces upwards, the extrusion box (10) is accommodated in the liquid collection barrel (6), a plurality of liquid discharge holes are formed in the extrusion box (10), a box opening of the extrusion box (10) faces upwards and is located below an opening (3), the gearbox (11) and the motor (12) are both arranged below the liquid collection barrel (6), an output end of the gearbox (11) penetrates through the liquid collection barrel (6) to be connected with the extrusion box (10), and an input end of the;
the scrap pressing assembly comprises a guide rail (13), a moving block (14), a cylinder (15), a bearing (16) and a pressing plate (17), the guide rail (13) is horizontally arranged at the top of the base (1), the moving block (14) is arranged on the guide rail (13) and can slide along the guide rail (13), the cylinder (15) is vertically arranged on the moving block (14), the pressing plate (17) is horizontally arranged below the cylinder (15), the pressing plate (17) is matched with the extrusion box (10), electric clamping jaws (18) are arranged on two sides of the pressing plate (17), and the pressing plate (17) is connected with the cylinder (15) through the bearing (16).
2. The numerical control machine tool with the multiple functions as claimed in claim 1, wherein the cleaning mechanism comprises a cross rod (19), a roller (20), a spray head (21), a lifting device (22) and a water supply device (23), the cross rod (19) is horizontally arranged on the inner side of the observation window (4), the roller (20) is parallel to the cross rod (19) and is fixed below the cross rod (19), the spray head (21) is arranged above the cross rod (19), the lifting device (22) and the water supply device (23) are respectively arranged on the left side and the right side of the observation window (4), the lifting device (22) is connected with the cross rod (19) and drives the cross rod (19) to move up and down, and the water supply device (23) is connected with the spray head (21).
3. A numerically controlled machine tool according to claim 2, characterized in that said nozzles (21) are several, each nozzle (21) being arranged side by side along a cross-bar (19), said nozzles (21) being directed towards the observation window (4).
4. The numerical control machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that the bottom of the liquid collecting barrel (6) is funnel-shaped.
5. The numerical control machine tool according to claim 4, characterized in that the bottom of the inside of the liquid collecting barrel (6) is provided with a filter screen (24).
6. The numerical control machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that an electromagnet (25) is arranged in the pressure plate (17), and the electromagnet (25) is electrically connected with the human-machine interface (5).
7. The numerical control machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that one end of the base (1) is provided with a discharge opening (26).
8. The numerical control machine tool according to claim 7, characterized in that a conveying line (27) is further provided in the base (1), and one end of the conveying line (27) extends out of the discharge opening (26).
CN201921473958.7U 2019-09-05 2019-09-05 Multifunctional numerical control machine tool Active CN210649771U (en)

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CN201921473958.7U CN210649771U (en) 2019-09-05 2019-09-05 Multifunctional numerical control machine tool

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CN201921473958.7U CN210649771U (en) 2019-09-05 2019-09-05 Multifunctional numerical control machine tool

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117381522A (en) * 2023-12-12 2024-01-12 广东德玛士智能装备有限公司 Chip collecting and processing device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN117381522A (en) * 2023-12-12 2024-01-12 广东德玛士智能装备有限公司 Chip collecting and processing device

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