CN117047543A - Chip collecting and processing device of lathe - Google Patents

Chip collecting and processing device of lathe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN117047543A
CN117047543A CN202311130253.6A CN202311130253A CN117047543A CN 117047543 A CN117047543 A CN 117047543A CN 202311130253 A CN202311130253 A CN 202311130253A CN 117047543 A CN117047543 A CN 117047543A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
collecting box
rotating shaft
collecting
lathe
transmission
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202311130253.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶建伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Langfang Chinese Electromechanical Equipment Co ltd
Original Assignee
Langfang Chinese Electromechanical Equipment Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Langfang Chinese Electromechanical Equipment Co ltd filed Critical Langfang Chinese Electromechanical Equipment Co ltd
Priority to CN202311130253.6A priority Critical patent/CN117047543A/en
Publication of CN117047543A publication Critical patent/CN117047543A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B25/00Accessories or auxiliary equipment for turning-machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Auxiliary Devices For Machine Tools (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a chip collecting and processing device of a lathe, and belongs to the technical field of machine tool structures. The debris collecting and processing device comprises a collecting box, the collecting box is positioned under the bed body, mounting seats are arranged on the supporting legs, and the mounting seats are connected with the collecting box through a locking mechanism; the inside of the collecting box is provided with an inclined screen, and the collecting box is provided with a vibrating structure for driving the screen to vibrate up and down; a liquid outlet is formed in the side wall of the collecting box, which is positioned below the screen, a discharge outlet is formed in the side wall of the collecting box, which is positioned at the lower end of the screen, a conveying mechanism for conveying scraps is arranged right below the discharge outlet, and a compacting mechanism for compacting the scraps is arranged at the discharge end of the conveying mechanism; a transmission mechanism for driving the vibration structure, the conveying mechanism and the compacting mechanism to synchronously work is arranged below the collecting box. The invention adopts the chip collecting and processing device of the lathe, and can solve the problems that the existing chips are not easy to stack and the chips and the cutting fluid cannot be effectively separated.

Description

Chip collecting and processing device of lathe
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of machine tool structures, in particular to a scrap collecting and processing device of a lathe.
Background
The lathe is a machine tool for turning a rotating workpiece with a turning tool. The lathe is the most main cutting machine tool in metal cutting machine tools, and corresponding machining can be performed on the lathe by using a drill, a reamer, a tap, a die, a knurling tool and the like. The lathe comprises a lathe body, two ends of the lathe body are supported through supporting legs, a spindle box is arranged at one end of the lathe, a thimble is arranged at the other end of the lathe, a workpiece is clamped between the spindle box and the thimble, a sliding frame is arranged between the spindle box and the thimble, and a cutter is arranged on the sliding frame. The sliding frame drives the cutter to slide on the lathe body, so that the workpiece is machined.
In the process of machining a workpiece by the lathe, metal scraps can be generated when the workpiece is cut by the cutter, and the metal scraps can be splashed when the metal scraps are subjected to the action of cutting force, so that the collection of the metal scraps is difficult. In addition, metal scraps accumulate on the lathe to affect the working environment and also affect the normal operation of the lathe. Therefore, it is necessary to clean the scraps of the lathe in time. The existing common method is that a collecting disc is arranged at the bottom of the lathe, and chips and cutting fluid fall from gaps between the lathe bodies to be collected in the collecting disc. This method is simple in structure, but the chips and the cutting fluid are not easily separated, and the recovery of the chips and the cutting fluid is difficult.
The prior patent CN113385980B discloses a lathe which is convenient for cleaning machining scraps, wherein a collecting mechanism is arranged on a lathe body, a limiting mechanism is arranged in the collecting mechanism, a plurality of cleaning mechanisms are arranged on a tool rest driving plate, a filtering mechanism is arranged in the lathe body, a shaking mechanism is arranged on the lathe body, a lubricating mechanism is arranged in the cleaning mechanism, and a recovery mechanism is arranged in the collecting mechanism; the cleaning mechanism has the advantages that the cleaning mechanism is used for conveniently cleaning scraps on the lathe body and enabling the scraps to fall into the collection mechanism for storage, the follow-up cleaning is convenient, the scraps and the cooling liquid are conveniently classified, recovered and stored under the action of the shaking mechanism and the filtering mechanism, the follow-up recycling and cleaning work is convenient, and the cleaning of the lathe body and the ground is guaranteed. However, in this patent, the chips and the coolant are simply filtered and separated, and the filtered chips still have more coolant adhered thereto, which is not thorough. And the separated scraps are collected in the collecting tank, the scraps are required to be manually treated and stacked, and the stacked scraps occupy a larger area and are not easy to store.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a chip collecting and processing device of a lathe, which solves the problems that the existing chips are not easy to stack and the chips and cutting fluid cannot be effectively separated.
In order to achieve the aim, the invention provides a chip collecting and processing device of a lathe, which comprises a collecting box, wherein the collecting box is positioned right below a lathe body, mounting seats for supporting the collecting box are arranged on supporting legs, and the mounting seats are connected with the collecting box through a locking mechanism; the inside of the collecting box is provided with an inclined screen, and the collecting box is provided with a vibrating structure for driving the screen to vibrate up and down in the collecting box; a liquid outlet is formed in the side wall of the collecting box, which is positioned below the screen, a discharge outlet is formed in the side wall of the collecting box, which is positioned at the lower end of the screen, a conveying mechanism for conveying scraps is arranged right below the discharge outlet, and a compacting mechanism for compacting the scraps is arranged at the discharge end of the conveying mechanism; a transmission mechanism for driving the vibration structure, the conveying mechanism and the compacting mechanism to synchronously work is arranged below the collecting box.
Preferably, the mounting seat is of an L-shaped structure, the mounting seat is fixedly connected with the supporting leg, and a positioning block for positioning the collecting box is arranged at one end of the mounting seat.
Preferably, the locking mechanism comprises a mounting groove arranged on the mounting seat and close to the side wall of the collecting box, a bayonet lock is slidably arranged in the mounting groove, and a first spring for inserting the bayonet lock into the bayonet lock arranged on the side wall of the collecting box is arranged between the bayonet lock and the bottom of the mounting groove; the middle part of the bayonet lock is provided with a sliding hole, the mounting seat is provided with a mounting hole for the sliding rod to penetrate into the sliding hole, one exposed end of the sliding rod is provided with a pressing plate, a second spring for enabling the end of the sliding rod to contact with the inclined surface of the sliding hole is arranged between the pressing plate and the mounting seat, and the second spring is sleeved outside the sliding rod; the bayonet lock is provided with the guide block, is provided with the horizontal guide slot with guide block looks adaptation on the mounting groove.
Preferably, the end of screen cloth is provided with the slider, is provided with the recess of placing the slider on the lateral wall of collecting the box, is provided with a plurality of vertical guide arm on the recess, is provided with the guide hole that makes the guide arm pass on the slider, and the slider passes through guide hole and guide arm sliding connection, all is provided with the spring between the upper and lower both ends of slider and the recess, and the spring housing is established on the guide arm.
Preferably, the transmission mechanism comprises a motor and a speed reducer, two transmission wheels are arranged on an output shaft of the speed reducer, one transmission wheel is connected with the first rotating shaft through a first transmission belt, and the vibration structure is arranged on the first rotating shaft; the other driving wheel is connected with a second rotating shaft through a second driving belt, a first bevel gear is arranged on the second rotating shaft, and the first bevel gear is meshed with a second bevel gear on a third rotating shaft of the conveying mechanism; the end of the first rotating shaft is provided with a second driving wheel which is connected with a first driving wheel on the compacting mechanism through a third driving belt.
Preferably, the vibration structure comprises two mounting plates arranged on the first rotating shaft, the mounting plates and the first rotating shaft are coaxially arranged, the mounting plates are connected through eccentric shafts which are eccentrically arranged, the eccentric shafts are connected with supporting rods through connecting rods, two ends of each connecting rod are hinged to the eccentric shafts and the supporting rods, the supporting rods are fixedly connected with the screen, sleeves for allowing the supporting rods to penetrate through are arranged at the bottoms of the collecting boxes, and the supporting rods are in sealing sliding connection with the sleeves.
Preferably, the conveying mechanism comprises a conveying belt, a driving wheel for driving the conveying belt to rotate is arranged on a third rotating shaft, the third rotating shaft is rotationally connected with support plates on two sides of the conveying belt, a driven wheel with a supporting effect on the conveying belt is arranged at the other end of the conveying belt, and a rotating shaft of the driven wheel is rotationally connected with the support plates; the top of conveyer belt is provided with first hopper, and first hopper is fixed in the backup pad and is located the bin outlet under.
Preferably, the compaction mechanism comprises a second hopper, the second hopper is positioned right below the discharge end of the conveying belt, a forming cavity is formed in the bottom of the second hopper, a forming die is arranged in the forming cavity, a discharge structure for driving the forming die to discharge is arranged on the second hopper, a leakage hole for allowing cutting fluid to penetrate is formed in the bottom of the forming die, a liquid collecting chamber is arranged at the bottom of the forming cavity, and a liquid outlet is formed in the side wall of the liquid collecting chamber; a pressing block is arranged right above the forming die, a cross beam is arranged above the second hopper, and a lifting structure for driving the pressing block to lift in a reciprocating manner is arranged on the cross beam.
Preferably, the lifting structure comprises a pressing rod, a pressing block is arranged at the bottom end of the pressing rod, a guide rail for guiding the vertical sliding of the pressing rod is arranged on a cross beam, a groove matched with the guide rail is formed in the pressing rod, a rack is arranged on the side wall of the pressing rod, a sector gear meshed with the rack is arranged on the cross beam, the middle part of the sector gear is rotationally connected with the cross beam through a rotating shaft, a transmission rod is arranged on the sector gear, a transmission groove for enabling a transmission pin on a third transmission wheel to be inserted is formed in the transmission rod, the transmission pin is in sliding connection with the transmission groove, the third transmission wheel is arranged on a fourth rotating shaft, the fourth rotating shaft is rotationally connected with the cross beam, and the first transmission wheel is arranged on the fourth rotating shaft.
Preferably, the discharging structure comprises a first cylinder for pushing the forming die out of the forming cavity, the first cylinder is arranged on the second hopper, a piston rod of the first cylinder is connected with the forming die, a through hole for allowing the forming die to be inserted is formed in the side wall of the forming cavity, and the forming die is in sliding connection with the through hole; the forming die is of a U-shaped structure, a second cylinder for pushing out the scrap blocks from the forming die is arranged on the side wall of the second hopper, and the second cylinder is located at the side opening of the forming die.
The scrap collecting and processing device of the lathe has the advantages that:
1. the bottom of the bed body is provided with the collecting box, the collecting box is arranged on the mounting seat in a drawing mode and is locked through the locking mechanism, and the mounting stability of the collecting box is improved. The arrangement of the locking mechanism structure makes the installation and the disassembly of the collecting box very convenient.
2. The top of collecting the box is provided with the screen cloth of slope, and the below of screen cloth is provided with vibrating structure, and vibrating structure drives the screen cloth and vibrates from top to bottom, has improved the effect of screen cloth and cutting fluid separation. And the vibrating structure is convenient for the chips on the screen to be discharged through the discharge port.
3. The setting of compaction mechanism compacts the piece to the piece is further separated with the cutting fluid in the compaction process, has improved separation effect. The compacted scraps are convenient to stack.
4. The transmission mechanism realizes synchronous chip discharging, chip feeding and chip pressing, simplifies the structure, reduces the cost and achieves the effect of energy conservation.
The technical scheme of the invention is further described in detail through the drawings and the embodiments.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic elevational view of an embodiment of a chip collection and disposal device for a lathe according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic side view of an embodiment of a chip collection and disposal device of a lathe according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of an embodiment of a chip collection and disposal device of a lathe according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of part of A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a locking mechanism of an embodiment of a chip collection and handling device of a lathe according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the drive mechanism of an embodiment of the chip collection and handling device of the lathe according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic top view of a compacting mechanism of an embodiment of a chip collection and handling device of a lathe according to the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic view of a compacting mechanism of an embodiment of a chip collecting and handling device of a lathe according to the present invention.
Reference numerals
1. A bed body; 2. support legs; 3. a mounting base; 4. a collection box; 5. a screen; 6. a motor; 7. a speed reducer; 8. a first belt; 9. a first rotating shaft; 10. a mounting plate; 11. an eccentric shaft; 12. a connecting rod; 13. a support rod; 14. a second belt; 15. a second rotating shaft; 16. a first bevel gear; 17. a second bevel gear; 18. a third rotating shaft; 19. a conveyor belt; 20. a support plate; 21. a first hopper; 22. a discharge port; 23. a discharge port; 24. a second hopper; 25. a molding cavity; 26. briquetting; 27. a compression bar; 28. a cross beam; 29. a fourth rotating shaft; 30. a first driving wheel; 31. a third belt; 32. a second driving wheel; 33. a guide rail; 34. a rack; 35. sector gears; 36. a rotating shaft; 37. a third driving wheel; 38. a transmission rod; 39. a drive pin; 40. a transmission groove; 41. a forming die; 42. a liquid collection chamber; 43. a first cylinder; 44. a slide block; 45. a mounting groove; 46. a bayonet lock; 47. a clamping groove; 48. a first spring; 49. a slide hole; 50. a guide block; 51. a guide groove; 52. a mounting hole; 53. a slide bar; 54. a second spring; 55. a pressing plate; 56. and a second cylinder.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme of the invention is further described below through the attached drawings and the embodiments.
Unless defined otherwise, technical or scientific terms used herein should be given the ordinary meaning as understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The terms "first," "second," and the like, as used herein, do not denote any order, quantity, or importance, but rather are used to distinguish one element from another. The word "comprising" or "comprises", and the like, means that elements or items preceding the word are included in the element or item listed after the word and equivalents thereof, but does not exclude other elements or items. The terms "connected" or "connected," and the like, are not limited to physical or mechanical connections, but may include electrical connections, whether direct or indirect. "upper", "lower", "left", "right", etc. are used merely to indicate relative positional relationships, which may also be changed when the absolute position of the object to be described is changed.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1-8, a chip collecting and processing device of a lathe comprises a collecting box 4, wherein the collecting box 4 is positioned right below a lathe body 1, an opening is formed in the top of the collecting box 4, and chips and cutting fluid generated in the cutting process of the lathe are collected in the collecting box 4. The supporting legs 2 are provided with mounting seats 3 for supporting the collecting boxes 4, the mounting seats 3 are of L-shaped structures, and the mounting seats 3 are fixedly connected with the supporting legs 2 through welding or bolts. One end of the mounting seat 3 is provided with a positioning block for positioning the collecting box 4. The positioning blocks are positioned on two sides of the mounting seat 3, and the positioning blocks are welded with the mounting seat 3 or fixedly connected through screws. The collecting box 4 is inserted into the lower part of the bed body 1 from one side of the mounting seat 3, and then is positioned by a positioning block at the other side of the mounting seat 3, so that the collecting box 4 is convenient to mount.
The mounting seat 3 is connected with the collecting box 4 through a locking mechanism. The locking mechanism is provided with 4, sets up respectively in the both sides of collecting box 4, carries out locking fixedly to it from the both sides of collecting box 4, improves the fixed stability of collecting box 4. The locking mechanism comprises a mounting groove 45 arranged on the side wall of the mounting seat 3, which is close to the collecting box 4, and a bayonet lock 46 is arranged in the mounting groove 45 in a sliding manner. A first spring 48 is arranged between the bayonet 46 and the bottom of the mounting groove 45, and two ends of the first spring 48 are fixedly connected with the bayonet 46 and the mounting groove 45 respectively. The locking pin 46 is inserted into a locking groove 47 provided on the side wall of the collecting box 4 under the elastic force of a first spring 48, thereby locking and fixing the collecting box 4. Guide blocks 50 are fixedly arranged on the clamping pin 46, and the guide blocks 50 are positioned on two sides of the clamping pin 46. The mounting groove 45 is provided with a horizontal guide groove 51 which is matched with the guide block 50, and the guide block 50 is positioned in the guide groove 51 and is in sliding connection with the guide groove 51. The guide block 50 and the guide groove 51 provide a guiding function for the horizontal sliding of the bayonet 46.
In order to facilitate insertion of the bayonet 46 into the bayonet 47 or extraction of the bayonet 46 from the bayonet 47, a sliding hole 49 penetrating the bayonet 46 is provided in the middle of the bayonet 46, and a mounting hole 52 is provided in the mounting base 3 to allow a sliding rod 53 to penetrate into the sliding hole 49, and the sliding rod 53 is located in the mounting hole 52 and slidably connected to the mounting hole 52. The exposed end of the slide bar 53 is provided with a pressing plate 55, and the slide bar 53 is fixedly connected with the pressing plate 55. The two slide bars 53 at the same end of the collecting box 4 are connected to the same pressure plate 55, so that the two slide bars 53 can be operated by the same pressure plate 55. A second spring 54 is arranged between the pressing plate 55 and the mounting seat 3, the second spring 54 is sleeved outside the sliding rod 53, and two ends of the second spring 54 are fixedly connected with the pressing plate 55 and the mounting seat 3 respectively. The slide bar 53 is inserted into the slide hole 49 by the second spring 54 and contacts the inclined surface of the slide hole 49.
The slide bar 53 is driven to slide in the mounting hole 52 through the pressing plate 55, the second spring 54 is compressed, the slide bar 53 drives the bayonet lock 46 to slide out of the mounting groove 45 through the end and the inclined plane of the slide hole 49, the first spring 48 is compressed, then the collecting box 4 is placed on the mounting seat 3 and mounted in place, the pressing plate 55 is loosened, the slide bar 53 is pulled out of the slide hole 49 under the action of the second spring 54, the bayonet lock 46 slides out of the mounting groove 45 under the action of the first spring 48 and is inserted into the bayonet lock 47, and locking and fixing of the collecting box 4 are achieved. When the collection box 4 is detached, the pressing plate 55 is pressed similarly, and the bayonet 46 slides out of the bayonet 47, so that the collection box 4 is pulled out of the mounting base 3.
The inside of collecting box 4 is provided with inclined screen cloth 5, and screen cloth 5 is used for accepting piece and cutting fluid to filter the piece, realize piece and cutting fluid's separation. The collecting box 4 is provided with a vibrating structure for driving the screen 5 to vibrate up and down in the collecting box 4. The screen 5 is driven to vibrate up and down in the collecting box 4 through the vibrating structure, so that the effect of separating chips from cutting fluid is improved.
A plurality of vibrating structures are arranged on the first rotating shaft 9, so that uniformity and vibrating effect of the screen 5 are improved. The vibrating structure comprises two mounting plates 10 arranged on the first rotating shaft 9, wherein the mounting plates 10 are fixedly connected with the first rotating shaft 9 in a welding way and are coaxially arranged with the first rotating shaft 9. The mounting plates 10 are connected through eccentric shafts 11 which are eccentrically arranged, and two ends of each eccentric shaft 11 are fixedly connected with the two mounting plates 10 respectively. The eccentric shaft 11 is connected with the supporting rod 13 through the connecting rod 12, a rotating sleeve is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the connecting rod 12, and the rotating sleeve is sleeved on the eccentric shaft 11 and is in rotary connection with the eccentric shaft 11. The top end of the connecting rod 12 is rotationally connected with the bottom end of the supporting rod 13 through a pin shaft. The top end of the supporting rod 13 is fixedly connected with the screen 5. The bottom of the collecting box 4 is provided with a sleeve through which the supporting rod 13 passes, and the sleeve has a guiding effect on the vertical sliding of the supporting rod 13. The bottom setting of box 4 is collected in sleeve protrusion, and sleeve and the bottom welded fastening who collects box 4 or structure as an organic whole, the convex sleeve can reduce the outflow of cutting fluid through the clearance between sleeve and the bracing piece 13. The inside of the sleeve is provided with a rubber sealing ring, so that the supporting rod 13 is in sealing sliding connection with the sleeve.
The bottom side wall of the collecting box 4 is provided with a liquid outlet for timely discharging the cutting liquid collected at the bottom of the collecting box 4. The side wall of the collecting box 4 is provided with an inclined discharge opening 22, and the discharge opening 22 is positioned at the lower end of the screen 5. The discharge opening 22 is used for discharging the chips caught on the screen 5. The two ends of the discharge opening 22 are provided with vertical baffles, which can prevent chips from falling from two sides of the baffles, so that the chips can smoothly fall onto the conveying belt 19.
The end of the screen 5 is fixedly provided with a slide block 44, and the slide block 44 is arranged along the edge of the screen 5 in a through length manner. The side wall of the collecting box 4 is provided with a groove for placing the sliding block 44, the groove is provided with a plurality of vertical guide rods, the sliding block 44 is provided with guide holes for the guide rods to pass through, and the sliding block 44 is in sliding connection with the guide rods through the guide holes. The guide rod has a guiding function on the up-and-down sliding of the screen 5. Springs are arranged between the upper end and the lower end of the sliding block 44 and the grooves, and the springs are sleeved on the guide rods. The two ends of the spring are fixedly connected with the slider 44 and the ends of the groove respectively. The arrangement of the guide rod and the spring meets the up-and-down vibration requirement of the screen 5 under the action of the support rod 13.
A conveying mechanism for conveying chips is arranged right below the discharge opening 22. The conveying mechanism comprises a conveying belt 19, and a driving wheel and a driven wheel which are used for supporting the conveying belt 19 are arranged at two ends of the conveying belt 19. The third rotating shaft 18 is fixedly provided with two driving wheels for driving the conveyer belt 19 to rotate, and the two driving wheels are positioned below the conveyer belt 19 and provide power for the rotation of the conveyer belt 19. The third rotating shaft 18 is rotatably connected with support plates 20 on two sides of the conveying belt 19 through bearings, and the support plates 20 support the whole conveying belt 19. The rotation shaft of the driven wheel is rotatably connected with the support plate 20 through a bearing. A first hopper 21 is provided above the conveyor belt 19, and the first hopper 21 is fixed to the support plate 20 and located directly below the discharge opening 22. The first hopper 21 is of a funnel-shaped structure, and a discharge hole 23 arranged at the bottom of the first hopper 21 is arranged in the middle of the conveying belt 19, so that scraps can be conveniently guided into the conveying belt 19.
The discharge end of the conveying mechanism is provided with a compacting mechanism for compacting the scraps. The compacting mechanism comprises a second hopper 24, the second hopper 24 being located directly below the discharge end of the conveyor belt 19. The bottom of the second hopper 24 is provided with a forming cavity 25, the second hopper 24 is of a funnel-shaped structure, and scraps on the conveying belt 19 fall into the second hopper 24 and then enter the forming cavity 25 to be formed. The forming die 41 is arranged in the forming cavity 25, the forming die 41 is of a U-shaped structure, two side surfaces and the bottom surface of the scraps are formed by the forming die 41, and the other two side surfaces of the scraps are formed by the inner wall of the forming cavity 25. The side wall of the molding cavity 25 is provided with a through hole into which the molding die 41 is inserted, and the molding die 41 is slidably connected to the molding cavity 25.
The second hopper 24 is provided with a discharging structure for driving the forming die 41 to discharge. The outfeed arrangement comprises a first cylinder 43 pushing the forming die 41 out of the forming cavity 25, the first cylinder 43 being fixedly arranged on the side wall of the second hopper 24. The piston rod of the first cylinder 43 is fixedly connected with the side wall of the forming die 41. The first cylinder 43 pushes or pulls the molding die 41 out of or into the molding cavity 25 by expansion or contraction of the piston rod. A second cylinder 56 is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the second hopper 24, and the second cylinder 56 and the first cylinder 43 are respectively arranged on the opposite side walls of the forming cavity 25. The piston rod of the second cylinder 56 faces the side opening of the molding die 41. The forming die 41 is pushed out of the forming cavity 25 under the action of the first air cylinder 43, and the second air cylinder 56 pushes out the chip blocks in the forming die 41 from the forming die 41 through the extension of the piston rod, so that continuous forming of the forming die 41 is facilitated.
The bottom of the molding die 41 is provided with a leakage hole through which the cutting fluid is permeated, and the chips are further extruded by the cutting fluid contained in the chips in the process of extrusion molding in the molding die 41, and the extruded cutting fluid is leaked into a liquid collecting chamber 42 provided at the bottom of the molding cavity 25 through the leakage hole. A liquid outlet is provided in a side wall of the liquid collecting chamber 42 for discharging the cutting liquid collected in the liquid collecting chamber 42. The chips are further extruded in the forming process, so that the separation effect of the chips and the cutting fluid is improved.
A pressing block 26 is arranged right above the forming die 41, a cross beam 28 is arranged above the second hopper 24, and the cross beam 28 is fixed on the ground. The cross beam 28 is provided with a lifting structure for driving the pressing block 26 to lift up and down reciprocally. The lifting structure comprises a pressing rod 27 which is vertically arranged, and a pressing block 26 is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the pressing rod 27. The cross beam 28 is provided with a guide rail 33 for guiding the vertical sliding of the pressing rod 27, the pressing rod 27 is provided with a groove matched with the guide rail 33, and the guide rail 33 is positioned in the groove and is in sliding connection with the groove. A vertical rack 34 is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the compression bar 27, a sector gear 35 meshed with the rack 34 is arranged on the cross beam 28, and the middle part of the sector gear 35 is rotationally connected with the cross beam 28 through a rotating shaft 36. The sector gear 35 is provided with a transmission rod 38, and the transmission rod 38 and the sector gear 35 are of an integrated structure. The transmission rod 38 is provided with a strip-shaped transmission groove 40 arranged along the length direction of the transmission rod 38, and a transmission pin 39 eccentrically and fixedly arranged on the third transmission wheel 37 is inserted into the transmission groove 40, and the transmission pin 39 is in sliding connection with the transmission groove 40. The third driving wheel 37 is fixedly arranged on the fourth rotating shaft 29, and the fourth rotating shaft 29 is rotatably connected with the cross beam 28 through a bearing. The first driving wheel 30 is fixedly arranged on the fourth rotating shaft 29.
The first driving wheel 30 drives the fourth rotating shaft 29 to rotate, the fourth rotating shaft 29 drives the third driving wheel 37 to synchronously rotate, the third driving wheel 37 drives the driving pin 39 to rotate, the driving pin 39 drives the driving rod 38 and the sector gear 35 to synchronously swing through the driving groove 40, and the sector gear 35 drives the compression bar 27 to reciprocate through the rack 34 in the swinging process, so that the compression block 26 is driven to reciprocate, and the compaction of chips is realized.
A transmission mechanism for driving the first rotating shaft 9 of the vibrating structure, the third rotating shaft 18 of the conveying mechanism and the fourth rotating shaft 29 of the compacting mechanism to synchronously rotate is arranged below the collecting box 4. The transmission mechanism comprises a motor 6 and a speed reducer 7, and the motor 6 and the speed reducer 7 are fixed on the ground. Two driving wheels are fixedly arranged on the output shaft of the speed reducer 7. One driving wheel is connected with a rotating wheel arranged on the first rotating shaft 9 through a first driving belt 8, so that the first rotating shaft 9 is driven to rotate, and the vibration structure is driven to work. The other driving wheel is connected with a rotating wheel fixedly arranged on the second rotating shaft 15 through a second driving belt 14 to drive the second rotating shaft 15 to rotate. The two ends of the second rotating shaft 15 are rotatably connected with the supporting legs 2 through bearings, or rotatably arranged on the ground through bearing seats, so long as the stable rotation of the second rotating shaft 15 can be satisfied. The second rotating shaft 15 is fixedly provided with a first bevel gear 16, and the first bevel gear 16 is meshed with a second bevel gear 17 on a third rotating shaft 18 of the conveying mechanism, so that the third rotating shaft 18 is driven to synchronously rotate, and synchronous work of the conveying belt 19 is realized. The end of the first rotating shaft 9 is fixedly provided with a second driving wheel 32, and the second driving wheel 32 is connected with the first driving wheel 30 through a third driving belt 31, so that the first driving wheel 30 drives the fourth rotating shaft 29 to rotate, and the compacting mechanism synchronously works.
When the lathe is used, scraps and cutting fluid generated in the cutting process of the lathe fall on the screen 5 to be separated, the cutting fluid is collected at the bottom of the collecting box 4, and the scraps are collected on the screen 5; when more scraps are accumulated on the screen 5 and need to be cleaned, the motor 6 is started, the motor 6 drives the speed reducer 7 to rotate, the speed reducer 7 drives the first rotating shaft 9 to rotate through the first transmission belt 8, the first rotating shaft 9 drives the screen 5 to vibrate through the eccentric shaft 11 and the support rod 13, the scraps are further separated from cutting fluid in the vibration process of the screen 5, and meanwhile, the scraps fall into the first hopper 21 through the discharge hole 22 and fall into the conveying belt 19; the speed reducer 7 drives the second rotating shaft 15 to rotate through the second driving belt 14, the second rotating shaft 15 drives the third rotating shaft 18 to rotate through the engagement of the first bevel gear 16 and the second bevel gear 17, so that the conveying belt 19 is driven to synchronously rotate, chips are conveyed, conveyed on the conveying belt 19 and then fall into the second hopper 24 and fall into the forming cavity 25; the first rotating shaft 9 drives the second rotating wheel to synchronously rotate, the second rotating wheel drives the first driving wheel 30 to rotate through the third driving belt 31, the first driving wheel 30 drives the fourth rotating shaft 29 to rotate, so that the pressing block 26 is driven to reciprocally lift through the third driving wheel 37 and the sector gear 35, chips in the forming cavity 25 are compacted, and cutting fluid in the chips permeates into the liquid collecting chamber 42 to be collected and discharged; the first cylinder 43 pushes the forming die 41 to move out of the forming cavity 25, the second cylinder 56 pushes the chip block out of the forming die 41, the second cylinder 56 contracts, the first cylinder 43 contracts to drive the forming die 41 to reset, and the next extrusion of the pressing block 26 is waited.
Therefore, the chip collecting and processing device of the lathe can solve the problems that the existing chips are not easy to stack and the chips and cutting fluid cannot be effectively separated.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solution of the present invention and not for limiting it, and although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical scheme of the invention can be modified or replaced by the same, and the modified technical scheme cannot deviate from the spirit and scope of the technical scheme of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a piece collection processing apparatus of lathe which characterized in that: the device comprises a collecting box, wherein the collecting box is positioned under a bed body, mounting seats for supporting the collecting box are arranged on supporting legs, and the mounting seats are connected with the collecting box through a locking mechanism; the inside of the collecting box is provided with an inclined screen, and the collecting box is provided with a vibrating structure for driving the screen to vibrate up and down in the collecting box; a liquid outlet is formed in the side wall of the collecting box, which is positioned below the screen, a discharge outlet is formed in the side wall of the collecting box, which is positioned at the lower end of the screen, a conveying mechanism for conveying scraps is arranged right below the discharge outlet, and a compacting mechanism for compacting the scraps is arranged at the discharge end of the conveying mechanism; a transmission mechanism for driving the vibration structure, the conveying mechanism and the compacting mechanism to synchronously work is arranged below the collecting box.
2. The scrap collecting and treating apparatus of a lathe in accordance with claim 1, wherein: the mounting seat is of an L-shaped structure and fixedly connected with the supporting leg, and a positioning block for positioning the collecting box is arranged at one end of the mounting seat.
3. A chip collection and treatment device for a lathe according to claim 2, wherein: the locking mechanism comprises a mounting groove which is arranged on the mounting seat and is close to the side wall of the collecting box, a bayonet lock is arranged in the mounting groove in a sliding mode, and a first spring which is used for inserting the bayonet lock into the bayonet lock arranged on the side wall of the collecting box is arranged between the bayonet lock and the bottom of the mounting groove; the middle part of the bayonet lock is provided with a sliding hole, the mounting seat is provided with a mounting hole for the sliding rod to penetrate into the sliding hole, one exposed end of the sliding rod is provided with a pressing plate, a second spring for enabling the end of the sliding rod to contact with the inclined surface of the sliding hole is arranged between the pressing plate and the mounting seat, and the second spring is sleeved outside the sliding rod; the bayonet lock is provided with the guide block, is provided with the horizontal guide slot with guide block looks adaptation on the mounting groove.
4. A chip collection and treatment device for a lathe according to claim 3, wherein: the end of screen cloth is provided with the slider, is provided with the recess of placing the slider on the lateral wall of collecting the box, is provided with a plurality of vertical guide arm on the recess, is provided with the guide hole that makes the guide arm pass on the slider, and the slider passes through guide hole and guide arm sliding connection, all is provided with the spring between the upper and lower both ends of slider and the recess, and the spring housing is established on the guide arm.
5. The scrap collecting and treating apparatus for lathe in accordance with claim 4, wherein: the transmission mechanism comprises a motor and a speed reducer, two transmission wheels are arranged on an output shaft of the speed reducer, one transmission wheel is connected with the first rotating shaft through a first transmission belt, and the vibration structure is arranged on the first rotating shaft; the other driving wheel is connected with a second rotating shaft through a second driving belt, a first bevel gear is arranged on the second rotating shaft, and the first bevel gear is meshed with a second bevel gear on a third rotating shaft of the conveying mechanism; the end of the first rotating shaft is provided with a second driving wheel which is connected with a first driving wheel on the compacting mechanism through a third driving belt.
6. The scrap collecting and treating apparatus for lathe in accordance with claim 5, wherein: the vibration structure comprises two mounting plates arranged on a first rotating shaft, the mounting plates and the first rotating shaft are coaxially arranged, the mounting plates are connected through eccentric shafts which are eccentrically arranged, the eccentric shafts are connected with supporting rods through connecting rods, two ends of each connecting rod are hinged to the eccentric shafts and the supporting rods, the supporting rods are fixedly connected with the screen, sleeves for enabling the supporting rods to penetrate through are arranged at the bottoms of the collecting boxes, and the supporting rods are in sealing sliding connection with the sleeves.
7. The scrap collecting and treating apparatus for lathe as defined in claim 6, wherein: the conveying mechanism comprises a conveying belt, a driving wheel for driving the conveying belt to rotate is arranged on a third rotating shaft, the third rotating shaft is rotationally connected with supporting plates on two sides of the conveying belt, a driven wheel with a supporting effect on the conveying belt is arranged at the other end of the conveying belt, and a rotating shaft of the driven wheel is rotationally connected with the supporting plates; the top of conveyer belt is provided with first hopper, and first hopper is fixed in the backup pad and is located the bin outlet under.
8. The scrap collecting and treating apparatus for lathe as defined in claim 7, wherein: the compaction mechanism comprises a second hopper, the second hopper is positioned right below the discharge end of the conveying belt, a forming cavity is formed in the bottom of the second hopper, a forming die is arranged in the forming cavity, a discharge structure for driving the forming die to discharge is arranged on the second hopper, a leakage hole for allowing cutting fluid to penetrate is formed in the bottom of the forming die, a liquid collecting chamber is arranged at the bottom of the forming cavity, and a liquid outlet is formed in the side wall of the liquid collecting chamber; a pressing block is arranged right above the forming die, a cross beam is arranged above the second hopper, and a lifting structure for driving the pressing block to lift in a reciprocating manner is arranged on the cross beam.
9. The scrap collecting and treating apparatus for lathe in accordance with claim 8, wherein: the lifting structure comprises a pressing rod, a pressing block is arranged at the bottom end of the pressing rod, a guide rail for guiding the vertical sliding of the pressing rod is arranged on a cross beam, a groove matched with the guide rail is formed in the pressing rod, a rack is arranged on the side wall of the pressing rod, a sector gear meshed with the rack is arranged on the cross beam, the middle part of the sector gear is rotationally connected with the cross beam through a rotating shaft, a transmission rod is arranged on the sector gear, a transmission groove for enabling a transmission pin on a third transmission wheel to be inserted is formed in the transmission rod, the transmission pin is in sliding connection with the transmission groove, the third transmission wheel is arranged on a fourth rotating shaft, the fourth rotating shaft is rotationally connected with the cross beam, and the first transmission wheel is arranged on the fourth rotating shaft.
10. The scrap collecting and treating apparatus for lathe in accordance with claim 9, wherein: the discharging structure comprises a first cylinder for pushing the forming die out of the forming cavity, the first cylinder is arranged on the second hopper, a piston rod of the first cylinder is connected with the forming die, a through hole for allowing the forming die to be inserted is formed in the side wall of the forming cavity, and the forming die is in sliding connection with the through hole; the forming die is of a U-shaped structure, a second cylinder for pushing out the scrap blocks from the forming die is arranged on the side wall of the second hopper, and the second cylinder is located at the side opening of the forming die.
CN202311130253.6A 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 Chip collecting and processing device of lathe Pending CN117047543A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202311130253.6A CN117047543A (en) 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 Chip collecting and processing device of lathe

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202311130253.6A CN117047543A (en) 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 Chip collecting and processing device of lathe

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN117047543A true CN117047543A (en) 2023-11-14

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ID=88664438

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202311130253.6A Pending CN117047543A (en) 2023-09-04 2023-09-04 Chip collecting and processing device of lathe

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN117047543A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN207464824U (en) * 2017-04-20 2018-06-08 仇晓燕 A kind of numerical control machine tool scrap iron collection device based on Flexible Manufacturing Technology
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CN211586931U (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-09-29 河南鑫荣重工有限公司 Automatic change iron fillings processing apparatus
CN112247743A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-01-22 无锡市业成机械设备制造有限公司 Digit control machine tool with supplementary anti vibration inhales damping function
CN213858333U (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-08-03 襄阳森昊机电有限公司 Sweeps collection device of lathe
CN113427313A (en) * 2021-07-19 2021-09-24 杭州吉宝传动设备有限公司 Multi-chip-discharging-system linkage series processing system and method based on numerical control machine tool
CN217262801U (en) * 2022-04-18 2022-08-23 天津冠宇金属制品有限公司 Waste recovery device for valve processing
CN218194597U (en) * 2022-08-11 2023-01-03 青岛科宝新材料科技有限公司 Grinding machine sweeps collection device for mould processing
CN218250458U (en) * 2022-02-22 2023-01-10 湖北天工金属制品股份有限公司 Waste recovery device is used in anticorrosive goods shelves processing
CN218882171U (en) * 2023-02-01 2023-04-18 江苏常宝普莱森钢管有限公司 Drilling rod convenient to connect for drilling exploitation

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN207464824U (en) * 2017-04-20 2018-06-08 仇晓燕 A kind of numerical control machine tool scrap iron collection device based on Flexible Manufacturing Technology
CN210649771U (en) * 2019-09-05 2020-06-02 苏州群志机械设备有限公司 Multifunctional numerical control machine tool
CN211586931U (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-09-29 河南鑫荣重工有限公司 Automatic change iron fillings processing apparatus
CN112247743A (en) * 2020-10-14 2021-01-22 无锡市业成机械设备制造有限公司 Digit control machine tool with supplementary anti vibration inhales damping function
CN213858333U (en) * 2020-11-25 2021-08-03 襄阳森昊机电有限公司 Sweeps collection device of lathe
CN113427313A (en) * 2021-07-19 2021-09-24 杭州吉宝传动设备有限公司 Multi-chip-discharging-system linkage series processing system and method based on numerical control machine tool
CN218250458U (en) * 2022-02-22 2023-01-10 湖北天工金属制品股份有限公司 Waste recovery device is used in anticorrosive goods shelves processing
CN217262801U (en) * 2022-04-18 2022-08-23 天津冠宇金属制品有限公司 Waste recovery device for valve processing
CN218194597U (en) * 2022-08-11 2023-01-03 青岛科宝新材料科技有限公司 Grinding machine sweeps collection device for mould processing
CN218882171U (en) * 2023-02-01 2023-04-18 江苏常宝普莱森钢管有限公司 Drilling rod convenient to connect for drilling exploitation

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