CN210597881U - Formwork-supporting-free decorative frame column and frame column beam system - Google Patents

Formwork-supporting-free decorative frame column and frame column beam system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210597881U
CN210597881U CN201921379073.0U CN201921379073U CN210597881U CN 210597881 U CN210597881 U CN 210597881U CN 201921379073 U CN201921379073 U CN 201921379073U CN 210597881 U CN210597881 U CN 210597881U
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China
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column
frame
post
template
formwork
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CN201921379073.0U
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Inventor
陈明
张猛
马云飞
杨逸
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Sany Construction Technology Co Ltd
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Sany Construction Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides an exempt from formwork area decorative frame post and frame column beam system thereof, wherein exempt from formwork area decorative frame post and include: the column template is in a circumferential closed structure and is matched with the shape of a frame column, and the thickness of the column template is 15-50 mm; the decorative surface is arranged on the outer side of the column template; the cavity is formed by enclosing the column template; and the reinforcement assembly comprises a column longitudinal reinforcement and a stirrup, the stirrup comprises a transverse stirrup and a longitudinal stirrup, the stirrup is completely positioned in the cavity, and at least one part of the column longitudinal reinforcement or all parts of the column longitudinal reinforcement are detachably positioned in the cavity. The present disclosure also provides a frame column beam system corresponding to the formwork-free frame column. The formwork-free decorative frame column and frame column beam system is high in production efficiency and small in error.

Description

Formwork-supporting-free decorative frame column and frame column beam system
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an assembly type structure field especially relates to exempt from formwork area decorative frame post and frame post roof beam system.
Background
Traditional reinforced concrete column, on-the-spot need the ligature indulge muscle, stirrup back shaping post steel reinforcement cage, hoist and mount steel reinforcement cage, set up the peripheral template of post, pour maintenance concrete, demolish the template after waiting the concrete to reach certain intensity. The construction process has various field procedures, large labor demand and long construction period.
The prefabricated solid column and the prefabricated hollow column can mechanically complete the forming of a reinforcement cage and the pouring and maintenance of concrete in a factory, the concrete column can be transported to a construction site after reaching certain strength, and the prefabricated columns can be connected through processes such as mechanical connecting pieces, lap joint, jack grouting and the like after being hoisted in place. At present, a plurality of problems or difficulties exist in the prefabricated column, the model of the tower crane is large due to the self weight of a component, the connection hidden quality of a column steel bar is difficult to control, and the assembly type building efficiency is low due to the cost of a mechanical connecting piece and the like.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to solve at least one of the above technical problems, the present disclosure provides a formwork-free decorative frame column and frame column beam system.
According to an aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a formwork-free belt decorative frame pillar, including: the column template is in a circumferential closed structure and is matched with the shape of a frame column, and the thickness of the column template is 15-50 mm; the decorative surface is arranged on the outer side of the column template; a cavity enclosed by the column template; and the reinforcement assembly comprises a column longitudinal reinforcement and a stirrup, the stirrup comprises a transverse stirrup and a longitudinal stirrup, the stirrup is completely positioned in the cavity, and at least one part or all of the column longitudinal reinforcement is positioned in the cavity.
According to at least one embodiment of this disclosure, still include the setting element, the setting element sets up on the stirrup of frame column tip and with reinforcing bar subassembly fixed connection, the post template through a plurality of the setting element with reinforcing bar subassembly forms the connection.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, the positioning member is integrally formed, the middle of the positioning member is provided with a plurality of protruding bends, and both ends of the positioning member are provided with bends having the same direction as the protruding bends; the convex bends correspond to the transverse stirrups or the longitudinal stirrups one by one, and the transverse stirrups or the longitudinal stirrups are embedded in the convex bends; the distance between the two bent ends of the positioning piece is the same as the outer side length/outer diameter of the column template, and the two bent ends of the positioning piece are used for fixing the column template.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, the column template is integrally formed in a height direction of the frame column, and a height of the column template is adapted to a height of the frame column.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, the column formwork is composed of a plurality of integrally formed column formwork assemblies which are spliced together, and the plurality of integrally formed column formwork assemblies have the same shape and size.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, the cross section of the column template is rectangular, and the column template is formed by splicing two template assemblies which are divided into two sections with L-shaped cross sections along the diagonal of the rectangle.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, the column template is a plurality of column templates, and the plurality of column templates are spliced and adapted to the height of the frame column end to end along the height direction of the frame column.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, a clamping mechanism is further provided on the column template, and the plurality of column templates are connected through the clamping mechanism to be integrally adapted to the appearance of the frame column.
According to another aspect of the present disclosure, there is also provided a formwork-free belt decorative frame column beam system, including: the frame columns are arranged along the vertical direction, and a reserved space is formed between the end parts of two adjacent frame columns; and at least one beam, one end of which is embedded in the headspace so that the headspace is closed; concrete is poured at least in the cavity and the reserved space, and the column formwork, the steel bar assembly and the beam are connected through the poured concrete.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, adjacent two frame columns are spaced apart by a predetermined distance to form a reserved space; or at least providing a reserved notch at a predetermined position on a column template of one frame column to form a reserved space; concrete is poured at least in the cavity and the reserved space to form a beam-column joint.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, the positioning member is integrally formed, the middle of the positioning member is provided with a plurality of protruding bends, and two ends of the positioning member are provided with bends opposite to the protruding direction; the convex bends correspond to the transverse stirrups or the longitudinal stirrups of the reinforced net piece one by one, and the transverse stirrups or the longitudinal stirrups are embedded in the convex bends; the distance between the two bent ends of the positioning piece is the same as the outer side length/outer diameter of the column template, and the two bent ends of the positioning piece are used for fixing the column template.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, a clamping mechanism is further provided on the column template, and the plurality of column templates are connected through the clamping mechanism to be integrally adapted to the appearance of the frame column.
According to an aspect of the present disclosure, there is provided a formwork-free frame column beam system, including: the frame columns are arranged along the vertical direction, and a reserved space is formed between every two adjacent frame columns; and at least one beam, one end of which is embedded in the headspace so that the headspace is closed; concrete is poured at least in the cavity and the reserved space, and the column formwork, the steel bar assembly and the beam are connected through the poured concrete.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, adjacent two frame columns are spaced apart by a predetermined distance to form a reserved space; or at least providing a reserved notch at a predetermined position on a column template of one frame column to form a reserved space; concrete is poured at least in the cavity and the reserved space to form a beam-column joint.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, the column longitudinal bar of at least one of the two adjacent steel bar assemblies extends to the outside of the frame column along the height direction of the frame column to form a connection with the other steel bar assembly.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, the connection between two adjacent rebar assemblies includes one or more of a lashed lap joint, a weld, or a mechanical connection.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, the column formwork is integrally molded from a material with high strength and good fluidity.
According to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, the column formwork material comprises one or more of ultra-high performance concrete, alkali-activated material, magnesium cement or glass fibre reinforced cement.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the disclosure and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate exemplary embodiments of the disclosure and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the disclosure.
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a template-free frame post according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of a template-free frame column beam according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.
Reference numerals:
1-a reinforcement assembly; 2-column template; 3, casting concrete in situ; 4-upper column; 5-lower column; 6-beam; 7, lap joint; and 8, mechanically connecting.
Detailed Description
The present disclosure will be described in further detail with reference to the drawings and embodiments. It is to be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are for purposes of illustration only and are not to be construed as limitations of the present disclosure. It should be further noted that, for the convenience of description, only the portions relevant to the present disclosure are shown in the drawings.
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present disclosure may be combined with each other without conflict. The present disclosure will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings in conjunction with embodiments.
A formwork-free frame column technical system is developed on the basis of a laminated concrete column and a laminated frame structure system. The system column template adopts an integral forming process, and has high production efficiency and small error. The column steel reinforcement cage factory mechanized production reduces the labor demand, and the steel reinforcement cage high quality. The column and the column can be connected in a traditional cast-in-place column longitudinal rib connection mode, the cost is low, and the connection performance is good. The column site construction process is simple, and the manual demand is few. The technical defects of the traditional cast-in-place column and the traditional prefabricated column are overcome, and the method is a technology more suitable for building industrialization.
According to a first embodiment of the present disclosure, there is provided a formwork-free decorative frame pillar, including: the column template is in a circumferential closed structure and is matched with the shape of a frame column, and the thickness of the column template is 15-50 mm; experiments prove that if the thickness of the column template is less than 15mm, the column template is easy to damage or cause safety accidents in the transportation and hoisting processes, and is difficult to bear the lateral pressure generated in the concrete pouring and vibrating processes when the concrete is poured on a construction site, the column template is easy to crack, and the column template cannot play the role of the template and has quality problems. If thickness is greater than 50mm, column form weight is overweight, and transportation hoist and mount are difficult, when being connected with the reinforcing bar subassembly, and is higher to the requirement of setting element, and the cost is corresponding also to be improved. The column template with the decorative surface saves a large amount of time for decoration construction after concrete molding and saves cost because the column templates with the decorative surface can be integrated with the frame column without being dismantled; alternatively, the decorative surface may be formed separately, and is disposed on the outer side of the column form by means of a connecting member, such as a rivet, a reinforcing bar, a mortise and tenon structure, to be connected with the column form, or bonded with the column form to form the outer decorative surface of the column form. The cavity is formed by enclosing the column template; and the reinforcement assembly comprises a column longitudinal reinforcement and a stirrup, the stirrup comprises a transverse stirrup and a longitudinal stirrup, the stirrup is completely positioned in the cavity, and at least one part of the column longitudinal reinforcement or all parts of the column longitudinal reinforcement are detachably positioned in the cavity. Optionally, at least one end of the rebar assembly (e.g., the column longitudinal bar) extends out of the column form for connection with the rebar assembly in another column form, and both ends of the column longitudinal bar may also extend out of the outside of the column form to be connected with another rebar assembly.
The reinforcing bar subassembly includes that the post indulges muscle and stirrup, and the stirrup is indulged muscle fixed connection and is set up along the direction of height interval of frame post with the post, and the post is indulged the muscle and is extended to the outside of frame post from the at least one end of frame post along the direction of height of frame post in order to regard as out muscle portion.
In addition, the cross-sectional shape of the pillar template includes, but is not limited to, square, rectangular, polygonal, circular, or oval, etc.
The column template is made of materials with high strength and good fluidity by an integrated molding process such as extrusion molding, and the template materials can be UHPC (ultra high performance concrete), alkali-activated materials, magnesium cementing materials, GRC (glass fiber reinforced cement) materials and the like.
Exempt from formwork area decorative frame post still includes the setting element, the setting element setting on the stirrup of frame column tip and with reinforcing bar subassembly fixed connection, the post template forms with reinforcing bar subassembly through a plurality of setting elements and is connected. Alternatively, the retainer may be in lashed connection with the stirrup and/or the post stringer.
Wherein the setting element is formed for integrated into one piece's reinforcing bar or steel sheet are buckled, the production of being convenient for, the setting element middle part has a plurality of protruding structures of buckling to the both ends of setting element all have buckle and its direction unanimous with a plurality of bellied directions of the aforesaid, also can be opposite with a plurality of bellied directions of the aforesaid as required both ends of setting element. The number of the bent bulges corresponds to the number of the stirrups to be spanned one by one, for example, when the positioning piece spans the # -shaped transverse stirrups and is used for positioning the column template, the number of the bulges is 4 bulges including two spanned transverse stirrup frames and two middle ones, when the positioning piece is applied, the corresponding transverse stirrups are embedded into the bent bulges, because the distance between the bent two ends of the positioning piece is the same as the outer side length of the column template (the cross section of the column template is square or rectangular), or the outer diameter is the same (the cross section of the column template is circular), the bent two ends of the positioning piece are respectively clamped outside the two side walls of the column template, and because the positioning piece is fixedly connected with the steel bar assembly (for example, the positioning piece is bound with the column longitudinal bars and/or the stirrups), the column template is connected with the steel. The use of setting element can be a plurality of, for example a plurality of setting elements are placed at the interval on horizontal stirrup, also a plurality of setting elements are placed at the interval on vertical stirrup, and the setting element not only is placed on the stirrup of the one end of frame post, can place respectively at the both ends of frame post to fix the post template, prevent to rock about from top to bottom. The locating piece simple structure can be buckled the shaping by machinery, and production efficiency is high, and the setting element can realize retrieving after accomplishing the location simultaneously, has practiced thrift the material.
The setting element sets up and indulges muscle tip predetermined distance department from the post on the stirrup, thereby the post indulges the muscle partly and stretches out the post template, and after the frame post hoist and mount, the position that the muscle stretches out the post template is indulged to the post can conveniently be connected with the reinforcing bar subassembly in the other frame post, connects the completion back, can demolish the setting element, thereby the post template to descending, forms integrative cavity with the post template of other frame post, conveniently pours the concrete.
Optionally, the column template is integrally formed in the height direction of the frame column, and the height of the column template is adapted to the height of the frame column. The column template is produced by adopting an integrated forming process such as extrusion forming and the like to form materials with high strength and good fluidity, and patterns, characters, colors and the like can be integrally formed on the outer side of the produced column template according to the mould.
Alternatively, the column formwork is formed by splicing a plurality of integrally formed column formwork components, for example, in the case of a rectangular formwork, the rectangular formwork is formed by splicing two integrally formed formwork components which are divided into two L shapes along a diagonal line of the rectangle, and when the two L-shaped formwork components are spliced together, a material with deformability, such as asphalt, is coated at a joint to form the expansion joint. The column template assemblies are generally of the same shape and size, making industrial production simpler. The column template components can also have different shapes and sizes according to actual needs so as to be convenient for assembling the template components into a complete column template.
Optionally, the column template may be formed into template modules of uniform height and size, and the plurality of column templates are spliced end to end along the height direction of the frame column to form a template of the entire frame column, so that the modular production efficiency is higher.
The column template is characterized in that the column templates are also provided with clamping structures for connecting the column templates into a whole, for example, when the column templates are square, the side length of the outer side of the bottom of each column template is two wall thicknesses less than that of the outer side of the top of each column template, and in the two column templates, the bottom of one column template can be embedded into the top of the other column template, so that the column templates are integrally connected in this way. Other clamping structures can be arranged on the column template and used for connecting a plurality of column templates, for example, the tenon-and-mortise structures, the clamping grooves of the buckles, the clamping plates of the clamping blocks and the like are connected together.
According to another embodiment of the present disclosure, there is provided a formwork-free frame column beam system, including: at least two frame columns, wherein the frame columns are arranged along the vertical direction, and a reserved space is formed between two adjacent column templates; at least one beam, at least one end of which is embedded in the reserved space, so that the reserved space is closed; concrete is poured in the cavity and the reserved space at least, and the column formwork, the steel bar assemblies and the beam are connected through the poured concrete. The reserved space formed between the two frame columns is used for placing the beam and/or the floor slab, after the beam and/or the floor slab is placed in the reserved space, concrete is cast in situ in a cavity formed by the column template and a cavity enclosed by the beam and/or the floor slab in the reserved space, and the column template and the steel bar assembly are integrally connected with the beam and/or the floor slab and the cast in situ concrete. It should be noted that, those skilled in the art can also adjust the number of the column formworks, the rebar assemblies and the beams according to the actual design, for example, more than two column formworks, more than two rebar assemblies and more than two (including two) beams. In addition, those skilled in the art should also understand that the vertical arrangement of the column template can be adjusted according to the actual design requirement.
Optionally, the two frame posts are spaced apart by a predetermined distance to form a reserved space; or at least one column template is provided with a reserved notch at a preset position to form a reserved space; at least one end of at least one beam is accommodated in the headspace. The adjacent ends of the two frame columns are separated by a certain distance, for example, a column longitudinal bar in a steel bar assembly in one frame column extends out of the outer side of the frame column to the cavity of the other adjacent frame column, and a reserved space is formed in the space between the two frame columns. The reserved space can also be a reserved notch on the column template, the notch can be positioned at the end part of the column template to form a U-shaped notch, and the notch can also be a square notch, a rectangular notch or other notches in shapes as required. The reserved notch can be formed on one column template or can be formed by the end parts of two adjacent column templates together.
The number of the reserved notches may be one or more according to the number of the beams. The pre-space is intended to receive the end of a beam and/or the end of a floor slab, the shape and size of which are adapted to the shape and size of the beam and/or the floor slab.
Optionally, one end of at least one of the two adjacent steel bar assemblies extends to the outer side of the frame column along the height direction of the frame column to be connected with the other steel bar assembly, and the connection between the two steel bar assemblies includes but is not limited to one or more of binding lap joint, welding or mechanical connection. For example, adopt the ligature overlap joint of the muscle connected mode is indulged to traditional cast-in-place post, the construction is simple, and the cost is very low, and connection performance is good moreover, and under the circumstances of ligature overlap joint, the post among the reinforcing bar subassembly is indulged the muscle tip and can be become the bending form and make better with the anchor connected effect of concrete. Mechanical connections include, but are not limited to, connections that add a nut structure or that add a sleeve structure.
According to the formwork-free decorative frame column and the column-beam technical system thereof, the steel reinforcement cage and the column template which are produced in a factory are adopted for constructing the beam-column system, so that a large amount of steel reinforcements are prevented from being installed and bound on a construction site, the manual operation of the construction site is greatly reduced, and the construction efficiency is improved; the column template factory integral forming process has high production efficiency and avoids on-site assembly; the column template and the reinforcement cage are hoisted integrally, so that repeated hoisting can be avoided, the template is not required on site, and the construction is convenient; the template-free frame column technical system has reliable column longitudinal rib connecting quality, low cost, good member stress performance and high member production and site construction industrialization degree.
The above-mentioned formwork-free frame column system will be described in detail with reference to specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1, the formwork-free decorative frame column may include a column formwork 2, a reinforcement assembly 1, a cast-in-place concrete 3, and a cavity enclosed by the column formwork 2, where the cavity is filled with the cast-in-place concrete 3 as shown in fig. 1, a part of the reinforcement assembly 1 is detachably located in the cavity enclosed by the column formwork 2, and two ends of a column longitudinal bar in the reinforcement assembly 1 respectively extend out of the frame column. The steel bar component 1 can be mechanically produced in a factory, the column formwork 2 is molded and maintained by adopting an integrated molding process, the steel bar component 1 and the column formwork 2 are assembled into a whole in the factory through a connecting piece or other fasteners, the whole is transported to a construction site, cast-in-place concrete is poured in a cavity after hoisting, leveling and temporary supporting and fixing are carried out, and the concrete is maintained to a certain strength. The reinforcing steel bar assembly 1 and the column formwork 2 are connected through poured concrete to form an integral connecting structure.
According to an embodiment of the present disclosure, as shown in fig. 2, a formwork-free decorative frame column-beam system is provided, which may include two frame columns, two reinforcement assemblies 1, cast-in-place concrete 3 and beams 6, and a cavity surrounded by column formworks. The two frame columns are vertically arranged to form an upper column 4 and a lower column 5, respectively. Two frame columns (for example, an upper column 4 and a lower column 5) are spaced apart by a certain distance to form a reserved space, and as shown in a schematic column steel bar lap joint diagram in fig. 2a, one end of a column longitudinal bar in a steel bar assembly 1 in the lower column 5 extends out of the outer side of the lower column 5 and extends into a cavity of the upper column 4 to be in lap joint with a steel bar assembly 7 in the upper column 4. As shown in fig. 2b, the mechanical connection of the column reinforcing steel bar is schematically illustrated, one end of the column longitudinal bar in the reinforcing steel bar assembly 1 in the lower column 5 extends out of the outer side of the lower column 5 and extends into the cavity of the upper column 4 to be connected with the reinforcing steel bar assembly in the upper column 4 through a mechanical connection, such as a nut-bolt structure. Four beams 6 (although only two beams on the left and right are shown in the figure, two beams on the front and the back can be included) are respectively lapped on four side surfaces of the lower-layer column 5, a closed space is formed at a beam-column joint and formed with a cavity, and cast-in-place concrete is poured in the cavity formed by enclosing the column formwork 2, so that the column formwork 2, the steel bar component 1, the upper-layer column 4, the lower-layer column 5 and the four beams 6 are integrally connected through the poured concrete. Although not shown in fig. 2, a floor may also be provided on the beam at the location of the headspace. Thereby the concrete can be poured from the cavity to form an integrally connected structure without a formwork.
Although not shown in fig. 2, according to an embodiment of the present disclosure, the form of the headspace may include a rebate cut into the end of at least one column form, in addition to the form of a space between two frame columns to form a headspace to receive the end of a beam 6. For example, the reserved slots can be arranged at the top of the column template 2 of the lower-layer column 5 to form U-shaped slots for embedding the end parts of the beams 6 and/or the end parts of the floor slabs, the opening number of the slots is determined according to the number of the beams 6, the slots are matched with the shapes and the sizes of the beams and/or the floor slabs, and when concrete is poured in situ, the two column templates 2 and the end parts of the beams and/or the floor slabs form closed spaces, so that the construction process of formwork support is omitted. In addition, the reserved notches can also be respectively arranged on the column templates 2 of the upper-layer column 4 and the lower-layer column 5, and the reserved notches formed after the two frame columns are lapped are square or rectangular notches or notches in other shapes according to requirements. Alternatively, the number of the reserved slots may be one or more, and the shape and size of the reserved slots are adapted to the shape of the ends of the beams and/or the floor slab. The connection between the two rebar assemblies 1 includes, but is not limited to, one or more of a lashed lap, a weld, or a mechanical connection.
In addition, the cross-sectional shape of the pillar template 2 includes, but is not limited to, a square, a rectangle, a polygon, a circle, or an ellipse.
The column template 2 is made of a material with high strength and good fluidity by an integrated molding process such as extrusion molding, and the template material can be UHPC (ultra high performance concrete), alkali-activated material, magnesium cementing material, GRC (glass fiber reinforced cement) material and the like.
According to an optional embodiment of the present disclosure, the column formwork 2 may be formed by splicing a plurality of integrally formed column formwork components, for example, in the case of using a rectangular formwork, the rectangular formwork is formed by splicing two integrally formed formwork components divided into two L-shaped forms along a diagonal of the rectangle, and when the two L-shaped formwork components are spliced together, a yielding material such as asphalt is coated at a joint to form the expansion joint. The column template assemblies are generally of the same shape and size. Alternatively, the column formwork components can also be spliced into a complete frame column formwork by adopting components with different shapes and sizes.
According to an alternative embodiment of the present disclosure, the column formwork 2 may be made as a modular formwork of uniform height and shape, and a plurality of column formworks are spliced in the height direction of the frame column by stacking a plurality of modular formworks to form the column formwork 2 of the entire frame column.
The connection between the modular formworks can be various, for example, by providing a snap mechanism on the modular formworks. When the column template is square, the side length of the outer side of the bottom of the column template is two wall thicknesses less than that of the outer side of the top of the column template, and in the two column templates, the bottom of one column template can be clamped into the top of the other column template, so that the modular column templates are integrally connected in this way. Optionally, the clamping structure can also be in the form of a clamping groove and a clamping block clamping plate, so that two adjacent modular formworks are connected together to form the column formwork 2 of the whole frame column. Other conventional means of attachment may be used by those skilled in the art to attach the modular forms as desired, and when installed in the field, the clamping mechanism is removed and concrete is poured in place to integrally connect the forms to the frame columns and beams.
In the description herein, reference to the description of the terms "one embodiment/mode," "some embodiments/modes," "example," "specific example," or "some examples," etc., means that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment/mode or example is included in at least one embodiment/mode or example of the application. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above are not necessarily intended to be the same embodiment/mode or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments/modes or examples. Furthermore, the various embodiments/aspects or examples and features of the various embodiments/aspects or examples described in this specification can be combined and combined by one skilled in the art without conflicting therewith.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In the description of the present application, "plurality" means at least two, e.g., two, three, etc., unless specifically limited otherwise.
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the foregoing embodiments are merely for clarity of illustration of the disclosure and are not intended to limit the scope of the disclosure. Other variations or modifications may occur to those skilled in the art, based on the foregoing disclosure, and are still within the scope of the present disclosure.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a exempt from formwork area decorative frame post which characterized in that includes:
the column template is in a circumferential closed structure and is matched with the shape of a frame column, and the thickness of the column template is 15-50 mm;
the decorative surface is arranged on the outer side of the column template;
a cavity enclosed by the column template; and
the steel bar assembly comprises a column longitudinal bar and a stirrup, the stirrup comprises a transverse stirrup and a longitudinal stirrup, and at least one part or all of the steel bar assembly is detachably located in the cavity.
2. The frame post of claim 1, further comprising a positioning member disposed on the stirrup at the end of the frame post and fixedly connected to the rebar assembly, the post form being connected to the rebar assembly by a plurality of the positioning members.
3. The frame post according to claim 2, wherein the positioning member is integrally formed with a plurality of convex bends in the middle and bends at both ends in the same direction as the convex bends;
the convex bends correspond to the transverse stirrups or the longitudinal stirrups one by one, and the transverse stirrups or the longitudinal stirrups are embedded in the convex bends;
the distance between the two bent ends of the positioning piece is the same as the outer side length/outer diameter of the column template, and the two bent ends of the positioning piece are used for fixing the column template.
4. The frame post of claim 1, wherein the post template is integrally formed in a height direction of the frame post, the height of the post template being adapted to the height of the frame post.
5. The frame post of claim 1, wherein the post template is assembled from a plurality of integrally formed post template assemblies having the same shape and size.
6. The frame post of claim 5, wherein the post template is rectangular in cross-section and is formed by splicing two template members divided into two L-shaped cross-sections along the diagonal of the rectangle.
7. The frame post of claim 1, wherein the post template is a plurality of post templates that are joined end to end along the frame post height to match the frame post height.
8. The frame post of claim 7, wherein the post forms are further provided with a clamping mechanism, and the plurality of post forms are integrally connected through the clamping mechanism to fit the shape of the frame post.
9. The utility model provides a exempt from formwork area decorative frame column beam system which characterized in that includes:
at least two frame posts according to any of claims 1 to 7, said frame posts being arranged in a vertical direction with a headspace formed between two adjacent frame post ends; and
at least one beam, one end of which is embedded in the headspace so that the headspace is closed;
concrete is poured at least in the cavity and the reserved space, and the column formwork, the steel bar assembly and the beam are connected through the poured concrete.
10. The system of claim 9,
two adjacent frame columns are separated by a preset distance to form a reserved space; or
Providing a reserved notch at a predetermined position on a column template of at least one frame column to form a reserved space;
concrete is poured at least in the cavity and the reserved space to form a beam-column joint.
CN201921379073.0U 2019-08-23 2019-08-23 Formwork-supporting-free decorative frame column and frame column beam system Active CN210597881U (en)

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