CN210534608U - Ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and controlgear - Google Patents

Ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and controlgear Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210534608U
CN210534608U CN201921559360.XU CN201921559360U CN210534608U CN 210534608 U CN210534608 U CN 210534608U CN 201921559360 U CN201921559360 U CN 201921559360U CN 210534608 U CN210534608 U CN 210534608U
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meteorological environment
data
controller
early warning
node device
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安学武
赵建凯
包伟智
李博
王驰
重阳
陈亚军
闫平
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INNER MONGOLIA AUTONOMOUS REGION ATMOSPHERE SOUNDING TECHNICAL GUARANTEE CENTER
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INNER MONGOLIA AUTONOMOUS REGION ATMOSPHERE SOUNDING TECHNICAL GUARANTEE CENTER
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and controlgear, its meteorological environment data collection station is integrated with multiple environment detection sensor, each data transmission node device is connected with a plurality of meteorological environment data collection station wireless radio frequency and is connected with cloud server and monitor terminal through GPRS, collector and node device all adopt solar energy power supply, the environmental data that the collector gathers are sent to cloud server and monitor terminal through node device; the controller is connected with the node device and the environment adjusting device, when the collected data exceed a preset parameter threshold value, the node device sends early warning information to the monitoring terminal and sends an action signal to the controller, and the controller controls the environment adjusting device to be turned on or off according to the received signal. The device can collect various environmental parameters, adopts wireless connection and solar power supply, and is rapid and flexible in networking and convenient to install and maintain; the data acquisition amount is large, and the precision is high; the automation degree is high, and the remote real-time monitoring can be carried out on the environmental data.

Description

Ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and controlgear
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and control technical field especially relate to a ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and controlgear.
Background
The ground meteorological environment monitoring equipment can monitor the environmental parameters such as air temperature, air humidity, illumination intensity, soil temperature, soil humidity and circulation of air condition in the environmental unit. The monitoring of the ground meteorological environment parameters plays a very important role in improving the accuracy of environment control, saving energy, improving the management level of the environment, improving the yield and quality of agricultural and forestry crops in the environment unit and finally improving the social benefit and economic benefit of the environment unit, and is one of the key links for realizing the automation, high efficiency and high quality of the agricultural and forestry crop production.
The existing meteorological environment monitoring equipment generally has the following defects and shortcomings: (1) the data acquisition device used by the existing monitoring equipment has single function, poor expansibility and single acquired data, and cannot simultaneously acquire multiple meteorological environment data, so that the data cannot be used for comprehensively analyzing and controlling the crop growth environment, and the overall working efficiency of the monitoring system is lower. (2) In order to collect a plurality of meteorological environment parameters in the environmental unit, a plurality of data acquisition sensors for respectively acquiring different parameters need to be arranged in the environmental unit, a large amount of environmental space is occupied by the use of the plurality of data acquisition sensors, space resource waste is caused, a plurality of factor data acquisition analysis needs to be further processed synchronously, inconvenience is also caused to environmental analysis, and the meteorological environment monitoring input cost is overhigh. (3) The meteorological environment monitoring system mainly adopts a wired mode to realize information transmission among all devices, and uses commercial power and rural power to supply power for all the devices, and has high dependence on data lines and power lines. The meteorological environment monitoring system established by the method is low in networking speed and not flexible enough, and the expandability of functions and the flexibility of arrangement of the data collector are poor. The wired transmission and power supply mode enables the signal lines and the power lines in the environment units to be interwoven together, reliability is reduced, and installation and maintenance are inconvenient. Meanwhile, as the sensors of the data acquisition unit mostly acquire data through micro-voltage, the error of the data is large due to the fact that overlong cables are laid. (4) The data acquisition devices in the environment units are small in number and small in distribution density, and only single environment data of a local environment can be detected at each acquisition point, so that the data acquisition amount of the meteorological environment monitoring equipment is small and the accuracy is low. (5) The current meteorological environment control equipment mainly adopts manual control, needs people to control various environment adjusting devices by virtue of production experience, needs people to enter environment units such as a greenhouse and the like or manually start the equipment nearby the environment adjusting devices, cannot remotely control the environmental parameters of the environment units, and has low automation degree and poor control effect; and the current control equipment mainly performs single regulation and control aiming at a single factor, only considers the environmental factors in the environmental unit independently, and is not beneficial to the fine management of the environmental unit. (6) The collected environmental parameters of the environmental units cannot be effectively monitored in a remote and real-time manner, a large amount of historical data cannot be stored and managed, and the historical data tracing is difficult to realize.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a ground meteorological environment monitoring, control and early warning equipment to solve present ground meteorological environment monitoring, control and early warning equipment data collection single, the network deployment speed is slow, arrange the technical problem of flexibility poor, degree of automation is low, unable real time monitoring data.
The utility model discloses the technical problem who solves can take following scheme to realize: the utility model provides a ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and controlgear which characterized in that: the equipment comprises a meteorological environment data acquisition unit, a data transmission node device, a cloud server, a monitoring terminal and a controller; the meteorological environment data acquisition device comprises a shell, a microprocessor arranged in the shell, a solar power supply assembly I connected with the microprocessor, a wireless radio frequency module I and an element induction assembly, wherein the element induction assembly comprises an illumination intensity sensor, an air temperature sensor, an air humidity sensor, a soil temperature sensor and a soil humidity sensor; the data transmission node device comprises a processor, a solar power supply assembly II, a wireless radio frequency module II, a wind direction sensor, a wind speed sensor and a GPRS wireless communication module, wherein the solar power supply assembly II, the wireless radio frequency module II, the wind direction sensor, the wind speed sensor and the GPRS wireless communication module are connected with the processor; each data transmission node device is in wireless radio frequency connection with a plurality of meteorological environment data collectors through respective wireless radio frequency modules, and the meteorological environment data collectors can send collected meteorological environment data to the data transmission node devices through the wireless radio frequency modules I; the data transmission node device is in wireless communication connection with the cloud server and the monitoring terminal through the GPRS wireless communication module, and can send received meteorological environment data to the cloud server and the monitoring terminal through the GPRS wireless communication module; the controller comprises a wireless radio frequency module III, the input end of the controller is connected with the data transmission node device through the wireless radio frequency of the respective wireless radio frequency module, the output end of the controller is used for being connected with an environment adjusting device, and the environment adjusting device comprises one or more of an illumination device, a heater, a humidifier, a sun-shading curtain, a ventilator and an irrigation sprayer; the processor comprises a setting unit and a judging unit, wherein the setting unit can set various meteorological environment parameter thresholds, and the judging unit can compare the received meteorological environment data acquired by the meteorological environment data acquisition unit with the meteorological environment parameter thresholds preset by the setting unit; when the collected meteorological environment data exceed a preset meteorological environment parameter threshold value, the judging unit sends early warning information to the monitoring terminal, the judging unit sends action signals to the controller, and the controller sends control instructions to the environment adjusting device after receiving the action signals sent by the judging unit so as to control the on-off of the environment adjusting device.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the output end of the controller is used for being connected with an illumination device, when illumination intensity data collected by the illumination intensity sensor exceeds a preset illumination intensity parameter threshold value, the judgment unit sends illumination intensity early warning information to the monitoring terminal, the judgment unit sends an action signal to the controller, and the controller sends a control instruction to the illumination device to control the illumination device to be started after receiving the action signal sent by the judgment unit.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the output end of the controller is used for being connected with the heater and the humidifier, when the air temperature and air humidity data collected by the air temperature sensor and the air humidity sensor respectively exceed preset air temperature and air humidity parameter threshold values, the judgment unit respectively sends air temperature and air humidity early warning information to the monitoring terminal, the judgment unit sends action signals to the controller, and the controller respectively sends control instructions to the heater and the humidifier to control the heater and the humidifier to be opened and closed after receiving the action signals.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the output end of the controller is used for being connected with an irrigation nozzle, when collected soil humidity data exceed a preset soil humidity parameter threshold value, the judging unit sends soil humidity early warning information to the monitoring terminal, the judging unit sends action signals to the controller, and the controller sends control instructions to the irrigation nozzle to control the irrigation nozzle to be opened and closed after receiving the action signals.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the data transmission node device further comprises a display screen connected with the processor, and a parameter setting area and a data acquisition display area are arranged on the display screen.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the monitoring terminal is a mobile phone, a notebook computer, a tablet computer or a desktop computer.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the judging unit is in wireless connection with the alarm, and the alarm comprises a buzzer and/or a flashlight.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the bottom shaping of casing is the stabilizer blade that can insert in the soil, soil temperature sensor, soil moisture sensor set up on the stabilizer blade.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the solar power supply assembly I is arranged at the top of the shell.
Preferably, the method comprises the following steps: the data transmission node device is also connected with a camera.
Adopt the technical scheme of the utility model, bring following technological effect: (1) the utility model discloses a ground meteorological environment monitoring equipment's data collection station is integrated to have illumination intensity sensor, air temperature sensor, air humidity transducer, soil temperature sensor and soil humidity transducer, can synthesize, comprehensive each item meteorological environment parameter in the collection environmental unit, has improved monitoring equipment's work efficiency, has practiced thrift meteorological environment parameter monitoring cost, has saved the shared environmental space of data collection station. (2) The data acquisition device and the data transmission node device are in wireless connection through the wireless radio frequency module, and the solar power supply system is adopted to supply power for the data acquisition device and the data transmission node, so that the dependence of the traditional meteorological environment monitoring equipment on a data line and a power line is eliminated, the equipment networking is rapid and flexible, the reliability is improved, the energy consumption is reduced, and the installation and maintenance are more convenient. (3) Each data transmission node is connected with a plurality of data collectors, and each data collector is integrated with a plurality of environment parameter detection sensors, so that the distribution density of the data collectors in the environment units can be improved, the monitoring equipment can be used for high-density measurement, a plurality of environment data of local environment can be detected at each collection point, and the data collection amount of the monitoring equipment is increased, and the precision is improved. (4) The data acquisition unit feeds the acquired environmental parameter data back to the controller through the data transmission node device, the controller controls the on-off of each environment adjusting device according to the received environmental data, the environmental unit data acquisition and the environmental condition automatic control form a closed-loop system, the automation degree of the environmental control is improved, a plurality of environmental parameters can be accurately controlled, the resource utilization rate is greatly improved, and the yield and income are increased, and the energy is saved and the emission is reduced. (5) The data transmission node device can send received meteorological environment data to the cloud server and the monitoring terminal, remote real-time monitoring can be carried out on the environmental data through the cloud server and the monitoring terminal, the cloud server can also achieve management and storage of the meteorological environment data, and workers can trace historical data conveniently.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a block diagram of the ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and control device of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and controlling device of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a meteorological data acquisition unit of the ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and control device of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a data transmission node device of the ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and control apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a layout diagram of the ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and control device of the present invention;
main standard parts and labels:
weather environment data acquisition ware: 1; a housing: 11; the microprocessor: 12; solar energy power supply unit I: 13; wireless radio frequency module I: 14; an illumination intensity sensor: 151, and (b); an air temperature sensor: 152; an air humidity sensor: 153; a soil temperature sensor: 154; a soil humidity sensor: 155;
a data transmission node apparatus: 2; a processor: 21; a setting unit: 211; a judging unit: 212; solar energy power supply module II: 22; and a wireless radio frequency module II: 23; a wind direction sensor: 241, a first electrode and a second electrode; a wind speed sensor: 242; GPRS wireless communication module: 25;
cloud server: 3;
the monitoring terminal: 4;
a controller: 5; and a wireless radio frequency module III: 51;
an environment adjusting device: 6.
Detailed Description
In order to clearly show the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Examples
Fig. 1 and 2 are structural diagrams of the ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and controlling device in this embodiment, and as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the device includes a meteorological environment data collector 1, a data transmission node device 2, a cloud server 3, a monitoring terminal 4 and a controller 5; each data transmission node device 2 is connected with a plurality of meteorological environment data collectors 1 through respective wireless radio frequency modules, and the meteorological environment data collectors 1 are used for collecting various environmental data in environmental units and sending the collected meteorological environment data to the data transmission node devices 2 through wireless radio frequency modules I14; the data transmission node device 2 can receive the meteorological environment data sent by the meteorological environment data collector 1 through a wireless radio frequency module II 23, and can send a command to the meteorological environment data collector 1 connected with the data transmission node device;
the data transmission node device 2 is in wireless communication connection with the cloud server 3 and the monitoring terminal 4 through the GPRS wireless communication module 25, and the data transmission node device 2 can send received meteorological environment data to the cloud server 3 and the monitoring terminal 4 through the GPRS wireless communication module; in addition, when the data transmission node device 2 determines that the collected meteorological environment data exceeds a preset meteorological environment parameter threshold, the data transmission node device 2 sends early warning information to the monitoring terminal 4. The monitoring terminal 4 is also in wireless communication connection with the cloud server 3, and a user can check and correct meteorological environment data transmitted to the cloud server 3 through the monitoring terminal 4.
The input end of the controller 5 is in wireless radio frequency connection with the data transmission node device 2 through respective wireless radio frequency modules, the output end of the controller 5 is used for being connected with an environment adjusting device 6, and the environment adjusting device 6 comprises one or more of an illumination device, a heater, a humidifier, a sun-shading curtain, a ventilator and an irrigation sprayer; the data transmission node device generates an action signal when judging that the collected meteorological environment data exceeds a preset meteorological environment parameter threshold value, and sends the generated action signal to the controller 5, the controller 5 receives the action signal sent by the data transmission node device, and sends a control instruction to the environment adjusting device 6 according to the received action signal so as to control the environment adjusting device 6 to be opened or closed, and the meteorological environment parameters in the environment unit are adjusted and controlled to be within a proper numerical range by the environment adjusting device 6.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a meteorological environment data acquisition unit 1, and as shown in fig. 3, the meteorological environment data acquisition unit 1 includes a housing 11, a microprocessor 12, a solar power supply assembly i 13, a wireless radio frequency module i 14, and an element induction assembly, the microprocessor 12 is disposed in the housing 11, the solar power supply assembly i 13, the wireless radio frequency module i 14, and the element induction assembly 15 are all connected to the microprocessor 12, and the element induction assembly includes an illumination intensity sensor 151, an air temperature sensor 152, an air humidity sensor 153, a soil temperature sensor 154, and a soil humidity sensor 155;
the solar power supply assembly I13 and the solar power supply assembly II 22 respectively comprise a solar panel, a solar controller and a storage battery; the solar cell panel and the storage battery are connected with the solar controller through wires.
The bottom of the housing 11 is formed as a leg insertable into soil, and the soil temperature sensor 154 and the soil humidity sensor 155 are disposed on the leg; the diameter of the upper end of the shell 11 is larger than that of the support leg, the solar power supply assembly I13 is arranged at the top of the upper end of the shell 11, and the air temperature sensor 152 and the air humidity sensor 153 are arranged at the bottom of the upper end of the shell 11. Preferably, the meteorological environment data acquisition unit 1 further comprises an operation indicator light.
The meteorological environment data collector 1 is deployed on the site of environmental units such as agricultural greenhouses and residential greenbelts, belongs to a fixed-point sensing transmitter, and is used for realizing the intelligent sensing function of the element quantity of the environmental units by real-time communication of wireless radio frequency signals and the data transmission node device 2, wherein the observation elements comprise environment temperature and humidity, soil temperature and humidity, illumination intensity and the like.
The meteorological environment data acquisition unit can acquire data such as ambient air temperature, air humidity, soil temperature, soil humidity, illumination intensity and the like in real time; self-detection is supported; DSSS direct sequence spread spectrum signals are adopted to support long-distance transmission; the system has a unique identification code, can be hung to a nearest data transmission node device through field operation, has a clock and supports a remote setting function; the solar energy power supply, the weak light source charging circuit, the long-life lithium battery and the low power consumption design are adopted;
the technical parameters of the meteorological environment data acquisition unit are as follows:
working temperature of meteorological environment data acquisition unit: -20 ℃ to 60 ℃;
working temperature of a sensor probe: -40 ℃ to 120 DEG C
Humidity accuracy: +/-3% RH (5% RH-95% RH, 25 deg.C); temperature accuracy: 0.5 +/-0.5 ℃ (-20-60 ℃);
humidity long-term stability: < 1% RH/y; temperature long-term stability: <0.1 ℃/y;
measuring range of soil moisture: 0-100% volumetric water content;
soil moisture measurement accuracy: 0-53% of +/-3%; within the range of 53-100%, is +/-5%;
measuring range of soil temperature: -40 to 80 ℃;
soil temperature measurement accuracy: plus or minus 0.5 ℃;
the soil humidity is measured by adopting an FDR method which is commonly used by meteorological departments, an FDR (frequency Domain reflectometry) frequency domain reflectometer is an instrument for measuring soil moisture, and the FDR is used for measuring the apparent dielectric constant (epsilon) of soil according to the propagation frequency of electromagnetic waves in a medium by utilizing an electromagnetic pulse principle so as to obtain the volume water content (theta v) of the soil.
The meteorological environment data acquisition unit is provided with a microprocessor, has the capabilities of acquiring, processing and exchanging information, and is a product of the integration of the sensor and the microprocessor. Compared with a common sensor, the meteorological environment data acquisition unit has the following advantages: the system can realize high-precision information acquisition, and has low cost and diversified functions.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a data transmission node device 2, and as shown in fig. 4, the data transmission node device 2 includes a processor 21, a solar power supply assembly ii 22 connected to the processor 21, a wireless radio frequency module ii 23, a wind direction sensor 241, a wind speed sensor 242, and a GPRS wireless communication module 25; the data transmission node device 2 can distinguish each controller in each environment unit and can be provided with a meteorological environment data acquisition unit which can be connected with the controller; switching commands may be sent to the various controllers in real time.
The processor 21 includes a setting unit 211 and a determining unit 212, the setting unit 211 can set a threshold value of each meteorological environment parameter, the determining unit 212 can compare the received meteorological environment data collected by the meteorological environment data collector 1 with the meteorological environment parameter threshold value preset by the setting unit 211, and when the collected meteorological environment data exceeds the preset meteorological environment parameter threshold value, the determining unit 212 sends an early warning message to the monitoring terminal 4.
Preferably, the data transmission node device 2 further comprises a touch display screen connected to the processor 21. And the touch display screen is provided with a parameter setting area and a collected data display area. The data transfer node means 2 further comprises a clock and a GPS positioning system. The data transmission node device 2 is also connected with a camera. The data transfer node arrangement 2 further comprises an operation indicator lamp. The collected data display area of the touch display screen is used for displaying the environmental data sent by the meteorological environment data collector, so that workers can conveniently monitor various environmental data in the environmental units, and can regulate and control the environment according to the environmental data to enable the meteorological environment in the environmental units to be better suitable for crop growth; the parameter setting area of the touch display screen is used for inputting various meteorological environment parameter thresholds. A camera may be arranged within the environmental cell site to monitor the environmental cell.
The solar power supply assemblies II 22 respectively comprise a solar cell panel, a solar controller and a storage battery; the solar cell panel and the storage battery are connected with the solar controller through wires.
The data transmission node device is used as network node equipment and deployed on the site of environmental units such as agricultural greenhouses and cell greenbelts, and is used for receiving data (the receiving distance is within 2 kilometers of a general square circle in an open ground) sent by a meteorological environment data collector within a wireless radio frequency signal receiving range and transmitting the data to a cloud server in real time through the Internet according to a communication protocol. The data transmission node equipment is in real-time communication with the cloud server and can receive and process the instruction sent by the cloud server. Can carry out meteorological environment data acquisition unit's on-the-spot setting of articulating through data transmission node device's touch display screen, also can long-range setting meteorological environment data acquisition unit articulate, meteorological environment data acquisition unit that can articulate is unrestricted in quantity. The performance and functional characteristics that the data transmission node device has include: the wireless support is 802.11b/g/n, and the highest rate is 150 Mbps; wired, 10M/100M adaptation is supported; support the network card of UNICOM, Mobile, telecommunication; besides solar power supply, the solar electric water heater can also support commercial power (or farm power); the data transmission node device can distinguish each measuring unit in an observation area and a plurality of meteorological environment data collectors in each unit; signals sent by nearby non-affiliated meteorological environment data collectors can be automatically filtered; the device has a large-capacity data storage function, and power failure data are not lost; the device has the function of manual data downloading; has a unique ID number for other device differentiation; the data transmission node device can be used for receiving, calculating, storing, printing, displaying and other functions of meteorological environment data.
The cloud server 3 is used for receiving, storing and managing meteorological environment data, and environmental parameters such as environmental temperature and humidity, soil temperature and humidity, illumination intensity and the like of the monitored environmental units can be inquired at any time through the cloud server.
The monitoring terminal 4 is a mobile phone, a notebook computer, a tablet computer or a desktop computer. The monitoring terminal is in wireless communication with the data transmission node device and is used for receiving various meteorological environment data transmitted by the data transmission node device, and the monitoring terminal is also used for displaying a graphical interval (a data display interval, wherein the data interval comprises a proper interval, a lower limit interval and an upper limit interval) of the data collected by the meteorological environment data collector and an interval where a real-time detection data value is located, so that a terminal user can conveniently monitor the meteorological environment of the environmental unit. The terminal user can also set the hitching relation among the environmental units, the data transmission node devices and the meteorological environment data acquisition units through the monitoring terminal, and the user can conveniently manage the data transmission node devices and the meteorological environment data acquisition units in the environmental units. The monitoring terminal is further used for receiving early warning information which is fed back by the judging unit and is about that the environmental data exceeds a preset appropriate value, and a terminal user can timely master the environmental conditions in the environmental unit through the early warning information, so that the environmental parameters exceeding the preset value in the environmental unit can be timely regulated and controlled to be within a numerical range suitable for crop growth.
The device further comprises an alarm, wherein the judging unit 212 is in wireless connection with the alarm, and the alarm comprises a buzzer and/or a flashlight. And when the environmental data in the environmental unit exceeds a preset parameter threshold value, triggering the alarm to be started so as to prompt the field workers of the environmental unit to regulate and control the environmental parameters.
The controller 5 comprises a wireless radio frequency module III 51, the input end of the controller 5 is connected with the data transmission node device 2 through the wireless radio frequency of the respective wireless radio frequency module, the output end of the controller 5 is used for being connected with an environment adjusting device 6, and the environment adjusting device 6 comprises one or more of an illumination device, a heater, a humidifier, a sun-shading curtain, a ventilator and an irrigation sprayer, so that fine control is realized. The controller has the functions of transmitting and receiving RF radio frequency wireless signals, can receive control commands of the affiliated data transmission node device and control the working state of the environment adjusting device in real time, and can automatically filter signals which are not sent by the affiliated data transmission node device nearby.
When the collected meteorological environment data exceeds a preset meteorological environment parameter threshold, the judging unit 212 further sends an action signal to the controller 5, and the controller 5 sends a control instruction to the environmental conditioning device 6 after receiving the action signal sent by the judging unit 212 so as to control the on and off of the environmental conditioning device 6;
the meteorological environment data acquisition unit acquires different environmental parameters such as illumination intensity, air temperature and humidity, soil temperature and humidity, the setting unit 211 sets a parameter threshold value of each environmental parameter according to the type of crops in the environmental unit, when each environmental parameter in the environmental unit is in the parameter threshold value range, the crops are usually in the best growth environment, the judgment unit 212 judges whether one or more real-time parameters in the acquired environmental unit are in the set parameter threshold value range, if the parameter is higher or lower than the set parameter threshold value, an action signal is sent to the controller 5, and the controller 5 sends a control instruction to a corresponding environmental regulation device according to the received action signal;
for example, when the light intensity is lower than the set light intensity threshold, the controller 5 sends a control instruction to the lighting device to control the lighting device to be turned on, and when the light intensity is higher than the parameter threshold, the controller 5 sends a control instruction to the lighting device to control the lighting device to be turned off, or sends a control instruction to the sun-shading curtain to control the sun-shading curtain to be put down to achieve the sun-shading effect; when the air temperature and the soil temperature are lower than the set air temperature and the soil temperature threshold, the controller 5 sends a control instruction to the heater to control the heater to be turned on, and when the air temperature and the soil temperature are higher than the set air temperature and the soil temperature threshold, the controller 5 sends a control instruction to the heater to control the heater to be turned off or sends a control instruction to the ventilator to control the ventilator to be turned on; when the air humidity is lower than a set air humidity threshold value, the controller 5 sends a control instruction to the humidifier to control the humidifier to be turned on, and when the air humidity is higher than the set air humidity threshold value, the controller 5 sends a control instruction to the humidifier to control the humidifier to be turned off; when soil humidity is lower than the set soil humidity threshold value, the controller 5 sends a control instruction to the irrigation spray head to control the irrigation spray head to be opened, and when the soil humidity is higher than the set soil humidity threshold value, the controller 5 sends a control instruction to the irrigation spray head to control the irrigation spray head to be closed.
In this embodiment, the output end of the controller 5 is configured to be connected to an illumination device, when the illumination intensity data collected by the illumination intensity sensor 151 exceeds a preset illumination intensity parameter threshold, the determining unit 212 sends an illumination intensity early warning message to the monitoring terminal 4, and the determining unit 212 sends an action signal to the controller 5, and the controller 5 sends a control instruction to the illumination device to control the illumination device to turn on after receiving the action signal sent by the determining unit 212.
Preferably, the output end of the controller 5 is further configured to be connected to a heater and a humidifier, when the air temperature and air humidity data acquired by the air temperature sensor 152 and the air humidity sensor 153 exceed preset air temperature and air humidity parameter thresholds, the judgment unit 212 sends air temperature and air humidity warning information to the monitoring terminal 4, the judgment unit 212 sends an action signal to the controller 5, and the controller 5 sends a control instruction to the heater and the humidifier to control the heater and the humidifier to be turned on and off after receiving the action signal.
Preferably, the output end of the controller 5 is further configured to be connected to an irrigation nozzle, when the collected soil humidity data exceeds a preset soil humidity parameter threshold, the judgment unit 212 sends soil humidity early warning information to the monitoring terminal 4, the judgment unit 212 sends an action signal to the controller 5, and the controller 5 sends a control instruction to the irrigation nozzle to control the irrigation nozzle to be opened or closed after receiving the action signal.
The communication connection of the ground meteorological environment monitoring, controlling and early warning equipment comprises a field communication part and a remote communication part. The wireless radio frequency technology is adopted for field communication, and the data transmission node device and the meteorological environment data acquisition unit can transmit the distance within the range of 2 kilometers of a general square circle in an open field. The data transmission node device and the cloud server are communicated in real time by adopting an internet communication technology, wireless communication or TCP/IP protocol communication. The number of meteorological environment data collectors which can be connected with each node device in field communication is not limited, and the meteorological environment data collectors can be arranged on the field or remotely.
The hanging connection between the meteorological environment data acquisition device and the data transmission node device is only affected by the signal distance (1 kilometer open), and is not limited by the number and the environment units. Each data transmission node device can be connected with a plurality of meteorological environment data collectors of a plurality of environment units in a hanging mode, and each environment unit can also be provided with a plurality of node devices. Each meteorological environment data collector 1 can be arranged at the detection points of different environmental units, and each meteorological environment data collector 1 can also be arranged at different detection nodes of the same environmental unit. The meteorological environment data collector sends observation data to the node device through the DSSS radio frequency signal.
Fig. 5 is a field layout diagram of the ground meteorological environment monitoring device according to the embodiment, and as shown in fig. 5, the environmental unit is disposed with one data transmission node device 2 and eight sets of sixteen meteorological environment data collectors 1 on the field, the data transmission node device 2 is disposed beside the road, and four sets of meteorological environment data collectors 1 are disposed on two sides of the road.
The computing power and the wireless communication power of the data transmission node enable the ground meteorological environment monitoring equipment to be redeployed and to react to environmental changes, changes of the ground meteorological environment equipment and network control instructions in time, so that the ground meteorological environment monitoring equipment is suitable for various environment monitoring applications. Through setting up the data transmission node device that is used for receiving the environmental data that the collector gathered, make the staff need not to arrive the environmental unit scene again and carry out data acquisition to can realize continuous automatic data acquisition through data transmission node device, use manpower and materials sparingly, guarantee data acquisition's real-time, can carry out objective accurate monitoring aassessment to the environmental unit.
The utility model discloses ground meteorological environment monitoring equipment is meticulous environmental monitoring equipment based on thing networking, and it is applicable to the environmental type that needs to carry out environmental monitoring such as green house, greenbelt, agricultural land for growing field crops, laboratory, workshop, archives, warehouse; or the method is applied to the situations needing temporary and high-density measurement, such as large-scale activity service, disaster investigation and the like. This ground meteorological environment monitoring facilities can monitor single environmental unit, also can monitor a plurality of different environmental units simultaneously, does benefit to the centralized management of environmental unit, and the diversification of environment type is the basis that realizes becoming more meticulous and measure, differentiated service.
When the device is applied to an agricultural greenhouse, environmental factors such as air temperature and humidity, soil temperature and humidity, illumination intensity and the like in the greenhouse can be monitored as required, crop adaptability judgment and early warning information sending are automatically carried out according to monitoring results and crop types, and a controller and environmental control equipment (a ventilator, a humidifier and the like) are connected; when the device is applied to green belts, the temperature and humidity environment of soil is mainly monitored, and the device is connected with a controller and spraying (dripping) irrigation equipment to realize automatic water-saving irrigation of the green belts; the system is applied to laboratories, production workshops, archives, warehouses and the like, and can realize standardized field room construction; when the method is applied to the conditions of large-scale activity service, disaster investigation and the like which need temporary and high-density measurement, the characteristics of small volume, convenient carrying and installation and quick and flexible networking of the meteorological environment data collector are mainly utilized.
The above description is only for the specific embodiments of the present invention, but the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art can easily think of the changes or substitutions within the technical scope of the present invention, and all should be covered within the protection scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and controlgear which characterized in that: the equipment comprises a meteorological environment data acquisition unit (1), a data transmission node device (2), a cloud server (3), a monitoring terminal (4) and a controller (5);
the meteorological environment data acquisition device (1) comprises a shell (11), a microprocessor (12) arranged in the shell (11), a solar power supply assembly I (13) connected with the microprocessor (12), a wireless radio frequency module I (14) and an element induction assembly, wherein the element induction assembly comprises an illumination intensity sensor (151), an air temperature sensor (152), an air humidity sensor (153), a soil temperature sensor (154) and a soil humidity sensor (155);
the data transmission node device (2) comprises a processor (21), a solar power supply assembly II (22) connected with the processor (21), a wireless radio frequency module II (23), a wind direction sensor (241), a wind speed sensor (242) and a GPRS wireless communication module (25);
each data transmission node device (2) is in wireless radio frequency connection with a plurality of meteorological environment data collectors (1) through respective wireless radio frequency modules, and the meteorological environment data collectors (1) can send collected meteorological environment data to the data transmission node devices (2) through wireless radio frequency modules I (14); the data transmission node device (2) is in wireless communication connection with the cloud server (3) and the monitoring terminal (4) through the GPRS wireless communication module (25), and the data transmission node device (2) can send received meteorological environment data to the cloud server (3) and the monitoring terminal (4) through the GPRS wireless communication module (25);
the controller (5) comprises a wireless radio frequency module III (51), the input end of the controller (5) is connected with the data transmission node device (2) through the wireless radio frequency of the respective wireless radio frequency module, the output end of the controller (5) is used for being connected with an environment adjusting device (6), and the environment adjusting device (6) comprises one or more of an illumination device, a heater, a humidifier, a sun-shading curtain, a ventilator and an irrigation sprayer;
the processor (21) comprises a setting unit (211) and a judging unit (212), wherein the setting unit (211) can set various meteorological environment parameter thresholds, and the judging unit (212) can compare the received meteorological environment data acquired by the meteorological environment data acquirer (1) with the meteorological environment parameter thresholds preset by the setting unit (211); when the collected meteorological environment data exceed a preset meteorological environment parameter threshold value, the judgment unit (212) sends early warning information to the monitoring terminal (4), the judgment unit (212) sends an action signal to the controller (5), and the controller (5) sends a control instruction to the environment adjusting device (6) to control the opening and closing of the environment adjusting device (6) after receiving the action signal sent by the judgment unit (212).
2. The ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning, and control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the output end of the controller (5) is used for being connected with an illumination device, when illumination intensity data collected by the illumination intensity sensor (151) exceed a preset illumination intensity parameter threshold value, illumination intensity early warning information is sent to the monitoring terminal (4) by the judging unit (212), action signals are sent to the controller (5) by the judging unit (212), and the controller (5) sends a control instruction to the illumination device to control the illumination device to be started after receiving the action signals sent by the judging unit (212).
3. The ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning, and control apparatus according to claim 2, wherein: the output end of the controller (5) is also used for being connected with a heater and a humidifier, when the air temperature and air humidity data collected by the air temperature sensor (152) and the air humidity sensor (153) exceed preset air temperature and air humidity parameter thresholds respectively, the judgment unit (212) sends air temperature and air humidity early warning information to the monitoring terminal (4) respectively, the judgment unit (212) sends action signals to the controller (5), and the controller (5) sends control instructions to the heater and the humidifier respectively after receiving the action signals so as to control the heater and the humidifier to be turned on and turned off.
4. The ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning, and control apparatus according to claim 3, wherein: the output end of the controller (5) is also used for being connected with an irrigation spray nozzle, when collected soil humidity data exceeds a preset soil humidity parameter threshold value, soil humidity early warning information is sent to the monitoring terminal (4) by the judging unit (212), action signals are sent to the controller (5) by the judging unit (212), and the controller (5) sends control instructions to the irrigation spray nozzle to control the irrigation spray nozzle to be opened and closed after receiving the action signals.
5. The ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning, and control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the data transmission node device (2) further comprises a display screen connected with the processor (21), and a parameter setting area and a data acquisition display area are arranged on the display screen.
6. The ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning, and control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the monitoring terminal (4) is a mobile phone, a notebook computer, a tablet computer or a desktop computer.
7. The ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning, and control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the judging unit (212) is in wireless connection with an alarm, and the alarm comprises a buzzer and/or a flashlight.
8. The ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning, and control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the shell (11) is formed into a support leg which can be inserted into soil, and the soil temperature sensor (154) and the soil humidity sensor (155) are arranged on the support leg.
9. The ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning, and control apparatus according to claim 8, wherein: the solar power supply assembly I (13) is arranged at the top of the shell (11).
10. The ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning, and control apparatus according to claim 1, wherein: the data transmission node device (2) is also connected with a camera.
CN201921559360.XU 2019-09-19 2019-09-19 Ground meteorological environment monitoring, early warning and controlgear Active CN210534608U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111983725A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-11-24 王珊 Intelligent monitoring system for meteorological environment element monitoring

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111983725A (en) * 2020-06-23 2020-11-24 王珊 Intelligent monitoring system for meteorological environment element monitoring

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