CN210357528U - Fixed hydraulic flotation machine - Google Patents

Fixed hydraulic flotation machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210357528U
CN210357528U CN201920331046.XU CN201920331046U CN210357528U CN 210357528 U CN210357528 U CN 210357528U CN 201920331046 U CN201920331046 U CN 201920331046U CN 210357528 U CN210357528 U CN 210357528U
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China
Prior art keywords
box body
water
flotation machine
belt conveyor
water level
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CN201920331046.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹修国
袁军辉
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Henan Winner Vibrating Equipment Co Ltd
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Henan Winner Vibrating Equipment Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a fixed hydraulic flotation machine, which comprises a box body (1), a bulk cargo device (2), a light material chain scraper conveyor (3) and a heavy material collecting belt conveyor (4); the box body (1) is filled with water; the bulk cargo device (2) is arranged above the tank body (1) and is arranged higher than the water level in the tank body (1); the light material chain scraper (3) is obliquely arranged at one end of the box body (1), the higher end of the light material chain scraper is higher than the water level in the box body (1), and the lower end of the light material chain scraper is lower than the water level in the box body (1); the heavy material collecting belt conveyor (4) is obliquely arranged at the other end of the box body (1), the higher end of the heavy material collecting belt conveyor is higher than the water level in the box body (1), and the lower end of the heavy material collecting belt conveyor is lower than the water level in the box body (1) and is arranged right below the bulk material device (2). The equipment cost and the energy consumption are both low, the labor force of workers can be greatly reduced, the impurity removal efficiency is greatly improved, and the maintenance frequency of the equipment is reduced.

Description

Fixed hydraulic flotation machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a material processing technology field especially relates to a fixed hydraulic flotation machine.
Background
Resource utilization and recovery begins with sorting. The common sorting categories include screening, heavy medium sorting, magnetic sorting, flotation, electric sorting, winnowing, color sorting and the like.
The existing general light material impurity removal scheme at home mainly comprises a dry type and a wet type, wherein the wet type mainly utilizes the action of water and the specific gravity difference between materials for separation, the densities of different materials are different, the buoyancy of the materials with different densities in water is different, the buoyancy of the materials with densities smaller than that of water is larger than that of gravity and can float on the water surface, and the buoyancy of the materials with densities larger than that of water is smaller than that of gravity and can sink into water.
In the prior art, the materials are sorted by a manual combination method after falling into water, and the scheme has low sorting efficiency, large labor occupation and high mechanical failure.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
In order to overcome the technical problem existing in the prior art, the utility model provides a fixed hydraulic flotation machine.
The utility model provides an above-mentioned technical problem's technical scheme as follows:
a fixed hydraulic flotation machine comprises a box body 1, a bulk cargo device 2, a light material chain scraper conveyor 3 and a heavy material collecting belt conveyor 4; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the box body 1 is filled with water; the bulk cargo device 2 is arranged above the box body 1 and is arranged higher than the water level in the box body 1; the light material chain scraper conveyor 3 is obliquely arranged at one end of the box body 1, the higher end of the light material chain scraper conveyor is higher than the water level in the box body 1, and the lower end of the light material chain scraper conveyor is lower than the water level in the box body 1; the heavy material collecting belt conveyor 4 is obliquely arranged at the other end of the box body 1, the higher end of the heavy material collecting belt conveyor is higher than the water level in the box body 1, and the lower end of the heavy material collecting belt conveyor is lower than the water level in the box body 1 and is arranged right below the bulk material device 2.
And a water inlet 5 for feeding water from bottom to top is formed beside the lower end of the light material chain scraper conveyor 3.
The water inlet 5 is arranged in a plurality of ways, and the water inlet angle can be adjusted according to the requirement.
At least one overflow port 6 is arranged at the upper limit height of the water level on the side edge of the box body 1, and a water outlet 7 for receiving water flow flowing out of the overflow port 6 is arranged below the overflow port 6.
The fixed hydraulic flotation machine further comprises a sedimentation tank into which the water flow in the water discharge opening 7 flows via a pipe; the water flow in the sedimentation tank flows into the water inlet 5 through a pipeline after sedimentation.
A water collecting device 8 for collecting water in the heavy materials is arranged below the higher end of the heavy material collecting belt conveyor 4, and the water in the water collecting device 8 flows into the box body 1 again.
The lower end of the box body 1 is communicated with a sewage outlet 9 for removing sludge sediment.
The sewage outlet 9 is connected with a sewage draining machine 10 for accelerating the sludge sedimentation and discharge.
And a bracket assembly 11 for supporting and fixing the box body 1 is arranged below the box body 1.
And a guide chute which is in seamless connection with the box body 1 is arranged on the side surface of the heavy material collecting belt conveyor 4.
The utility model has the advantages that:
the utility model provides a fixed hydraulic flotation machine, which utilizes the impact force of water to drive materials to enter a light material chain scraper conveyor; the sorting rate is greatly improved by a certain blanking height and the action of the material scattering plate; the mechanical maintenance frequency is reduced under the action of the sewage disposal machine and the material guide groove of the belt conveyor; the water is recycled, so that the energy is saved and the environment is protected; the equipment cost and the energy consumption are both low, the labor force of workers can be greatly reduced, the impurity removal efficiency is greatly improved, and the maintenance frequency of the equipment is reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a fixed hydraulic flotation machine provided by an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The principles and features of the present invention are described below in conjunction with the following drawings, the examples given are only intended to illustrate the present invention and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments of the present application may be combined with each other without conflict.
The present embodiment provides a fixed hydraulic flotation machine, as shown in fig. 1, comprising:
the device comprises a box body 1, a bulk cargo device 2, a light material chain scraper conveyor 3 and a heavy material collecting belt conveyor 4; wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the box body 1 is filled with water; the bulk cargo device 2 is arranged above the box body 1 and is arranged higher than the water level in the box body 1; the light material chain scraper conveyor 3 is obliquely arranged at one end of the box body 1, the higher end of the light material chain scraper conveyor is higher than the water level in the box body 1, and the lower end of the light material chain scraper conveyor is lower than the water level in the box body 1; the heavy material collecting belt conveyor 4 is obliquely arranged at the other end of the box body 1, the higher end of the heavy material collecting belt conveyor is higher than the water level in the box body 1, and the lower end of the heavy material collecting belt conveyor is lower than the water level in the box body 1 and is arranged right below the bulk material device 2.
After the tank 1 is filled with water, the height of the water surface is sufficient to separate the light materials floating on the water surface from the heavy materials sinking. The light material chain scraper conveyor 3 is obliquely arranged, and the light materials floating on the water surface are conveniently sorted by the scraper in the arrangement mode. The heavy material collecting belt conveyor 4 is arranged below the bulk material platform 2, and heavy materials directly drop on the belt conveyor and are sorted through the belt conveyor.
And a water inlet 5 for feeding water from bottom to top is formed beside the lower end of the light material chain scraper conveyor 3.
The water inlet 5 is arranged in a plurality of ways, and the water inlet angle can be adjusted according to the requirement.
The water inlets 5 can be provided with a plurality of water inlets, the purpose of the water inlets is to inject water flow into the box body 1, and the purpose of the water inlets is to utilize the water flow from bottom to top to impact light materials near the light material chain scraper 3. Meanwhile, the disturbance of the water flow is beneficial to the natural separation of light materials and heavy materials.
At least one overflow port 6 is arranged at the upper limit height of the water level on the side edge of the box body 1, and a water outlet 7 for receiving water flow flowing out of the overflow port 6 is arranged below the overflow port 6.
The fixed hydraulic flotation machine further comprises a sedimentation tank into which the water flow in the water discharge opening 7 flows via a pipe; the water flow in the sedimentation tank flows into the water inlet 5 through a pipeline after sedimentation.
The aim at of sedimentation tank filters sediment rivers, and the rivers that overflow mouth 6 flows out flow into the sedimentation tank through the pipeline again through outlet 7, and the water after the sediment passes through the pipeline and pours into water inlet 5 into box 1 once more through water inlet 5, realizes rivers circulation.
A water collecting device 8 for collecting water in the heavy materials is arranged below the higher end of the heavy material collecting belt conveyor 4, and the water in the water collecting device 8 flows into the box body 1 again.
The water collecting device 8 aims at recovering as much as possible the water content contained in the heavy matter into the tank 1.
And a guide chute which is in seamless connection with the box body 1 is arranged on the side surface of the heavy material collecting belt conveyor 4. The guide chute is used for placing heavy materials to fall off the belt.
The lower end of the box body 1 is communicated with a sewage outlet 9 for removing sludge sediment.
The sewage outlet 9 is connected with a sewage draining machine 10 for accelerating the sludge sedimentation and discharge.
The sewage draining outlet 9 is combined with the sewage draining machine 10, and can drain the sludge precipitated at the lower part of the box body 1.
And a bracket assembly 11 for supporting and fixing the box body 1 is arranged below the box body 1.
Specifically, the materials are paved on the water surface through a material scattering device 2 and slowly fall and sink, and the light materials are collected out of the box body 1 under the impact of water flow formed by a pipeline and the action of a light material chain scraper conveyor 3 in the floating process.
Heavy materials sink to the heavy material collecting belt conveyor 4 and are taken out of the box body 1 by the belt conveyor, and the materials are prevented from being left in the box body due to the action of the guide chute (without a gap with the box body) in the process.
After a long period of operation, the sludge settled inside the tank 1 is discharged out of the tank 1 by the sewage drainage machine 10.
The pipeline is in a normally open state when water enters the tank, and provides water flow for impacting light materials, and the water returns to the sedimentation tank from the overflow port 6 through the water outlet 7 after the water level of the tank body 1 reaches the upper limit.
The device is matched with a sedimentation tank for use, water sources are recycled, and the device is energy-saving and environment-friendly.
The system is characterized in that: the impact force of water is utilized to drive materials to replace manpower; the sorting rate is greatly improved by a certain blanking height and the action of the material scattering plate; the mechanical maintenance frequency is reduced under the action of the sewage disposal machine and the material guide groove of the belt conveyor; the water is recycled, so that the energy is saved and the environment is protected. The equipment cost and the energy consumption are both low, the labor force of workers can be greatly reduced, the impurity removal efficiency is greatly improved, and the maintenance frequency of the equipment is reduced.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art. In addition, in the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention, and any modifications, equivalent replacements, improvements, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A fixed hydraulic flotation machine is characterized by comprising a box body (1), a bulk cargo device (2), a light material chain scraper (3) and a heavy material collecting belt conveyor (4); wherein the content of the first and second substances,
the box body (1) is filled with water; the bulk cargo device (2) is arranged above the box body (1) and is arranged higher than the water level in the box body (1); the light material chain scraper (3) is obliquely arranged at one end of the box body (1), the higher end of the light material chain scraper is higher than the water level in the box body (1), and the lower end of the light material chain scraper is lower than the water level in the box body (1); the heavy material collecting belt conveyor (4) is obliquely arranged at the other end of the box body (1), the higher end of the heavy material collecting belt conveyor is higher than the water level in the box body (1), and the lower end of the heavy material collecting belt conveyor is lower than the water level in the box body (1) and is arranged under the bulk material device (2).
2. The stationary hydraulic flotation machine according to claim 1, wherein a water inlet (5) for feeding water from bottom to top is provided near the lower end of the light material chain scraper (3).
3. The fixed hydraulic flotation machine according to claim 2, wherein the water inlet (5) is provided in plurality and the water inlet angle can be adjusted as required.
4. The fixed hydraulic flotation machine according to claim 2, characterized in that at least one overflow opening (6) is provided at the upper limit height of the water level on the side of the tank (1), and a drainage opening (7) for receiving the water flow from the overflow opening (6) is provided below the overflow opening (6).
5. The stationary hydraulic flotation machine according to claim 4, further comprising a sedimentation basin into which the water flow in the discharge opening (7) flows via a pipe; the water flow in the sedimentation tank flows into the water inlet (5) through a pipeline after sedimentation.
6. A stationary hydraulic flotation machine according to claim 1, characterized in that a water collecting device (8) for collecting water from the heavy material is arranged below the upper end of the heavy material collecting belt (4), and the water in the water collecting device (8) flows into the tank (1) again.
7. The fixed hydraulic flotation machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower end of the tank (1) is communicated with a drain outlet (9) for removing sludge sediment.
8. The stationary hydraulic flotation machine according to claim 7, wherein the sewage drain (9) is connected to a sewage drain (10) accelerating sludge precipitation discharge.
9. A stationary hydraulic flotation machine according to claim 1, characterized in that a support assembly (11) supporting the stationary tank (1) is arranged under the tank (1).
10. The fixed hydraulic flotation machine according to claim 1, characterized in that the heavy material collecting belt conveyor (4) is provided with a material guiding chute on its side that is seamlessly connected with the tank (1).
CN201920331046.XU 2019-03-15 2019-03-15 Fixed hydraulic flotation machine Active CN210357528U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920331046.XU CN210357528U (en) 2019-03-15 2019-03-15 Fixed hydraulic flotation machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920331046.XU CN210357528U (en) 2019-03-15 2019-03-15 Fixed hydraulic flotation machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210357528U true CN210357528U (en) 2020-04-21

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ID=70245549

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920331046.XU Active CN210357528U (en) 2019-03-15 2019-03-15 Fixed hydraulic flotation machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210357528U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109939812A (en) * 2019-03-15 2019-06-28 河南威猛振动设备股份有限公司 A kind of fixed hydraulic flotation machine
CN109939812B (en) * 2019-03-15 2024-05-17 河南威猛振动设备股份有限公司 Fixed hydraulic flotation machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109939812A (en) * 2019-03-15 2019-06-28 河南威猛振动设备股份有限公司 A kind of fixed hydraulic flotation machine
CN109939812B (en) * 2019-03-15 2024-05-17 河南威猛振动设备股份有限公司 Fixed hydraulic flotation machine

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