CN210303561U - Automatic granulator - Google Patents

Automatic granulator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210303561U
CN210303561U CN201920751471.4U CN201920751471U CN210303561U CN 210303561 U CN210303561 U CN 210303561U CN 201920751471 U CN201920751471 U CN 201920751471U CN 210303561 U CN210303561 U CN 210303561U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
conveyer belt
automatic granulator
conveying belt
materials
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201920751471.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘昆
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Sichuan Pengshan Zhengbang Feed Co ltd
Original Assignee
Sichuan Pengshan Zhengbang Feed Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Sichuan Pengshan Zhengbang Feed Co ltd filed Critical Sichuan Pengshan Zhengbang Feed Co ltd
Priority to CN201920751471.4U priority Critical patent/CN210303561U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN210303561U publication Critical patent/CN210303561U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic granulator, which belongs to the field of granulation equipment and comprises a material box with a discharge hole, a first conveyer belt arranged below the discharge hole, a material cutting plate which is arranged in sequence along the conveying direction of the first conveyer belt and is used for cutting materials, two grain cutting rollers which are arranged below the first conveyer belt and are used for cutting the materials, and a material pushing device which is used for pushing the cut materials out from the side surface of the first conveyer belt to a position between the two grain cutting rollers; the grain cutting rollers are uniformly sleeved with a plurality of annular cutting sheets at intervals along the axial direction, the two grain cutting rollers are arranged in parallel, and the peripheries of the cutting sheets on the two grain cutting rollers are in mutual contact. The utility model discloses possess the lower advantage of cost.

Description

Automatic granulator
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a feed production equipment, concretely relates to granulator.
Background
After the mixing and stirring are finished, the feed needs to be granulated, the requirement on the precision of the granules in the granulating process of the feed is low, and the granulated feed is convenient to pack, transport and store. The conventional granulator is generally provided with a PC automatic control device and mainly granulates in modes of stirring, boiling and the like, but the equipment cost corresponding to the mode is high, the granulation efficiency is not obvious, the requirement on corresponding matched equipment is high, and the granulator is not suitable for simply-required feed granulation. Therefore, it is necessary to design a granulator which has a simple structure and low cost and is suitable for low-precision granulation of feed production and the like.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
To the not enough that exists among the prior art, the utility model aims to provide an automatic granulator has solved the problem that prior art granulator structure is complicated, and the cost is higher.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme:
an automatic granulator comprises a material box provided with a discharge hole, a first conveying belt arranged below the discharge hole, a material cutting plate arranged in sequence along the conveying direction of the first conveying belt and used for cutting materials, two grain cutting rollers arranged below the first conveying belt and used for cutting the materials, and a material pushing device used for pushing the cut materials out of the side face of the first conveying belt and between the two grain cutting rollers; the grain cutting rollers are uniformly sleeved with a plurality of annular cutting sheets at intervals along the axial direction, the two grain cutting rollers are arranged in parallel, and the peripheries of the cutting sheets on the two grain cutting rollers are in mutual contact.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model discloses following beneficial effect has:
the utility model provides an automatic granulator which discharges stirred materials through a discharge hole of a material box and forms a strip shape under the real-time conveying of a first conveyer belt; and cutting off the material through the cutting plate and pushing the material to a position between the two grain cutting rollers through the pushing plate, wherein the grain cutting rollers are provided with uniformly spaced cutting sheets, the peripheries of the cutting sheets on the two grain cutting rollers are in contact with each other, and each cutting sheet cuts the strip-shaped material into grains. And then the process of automatic granulation after the material stirring is achieved.
Additional advantages, objects, and features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the invention.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a position-showing view of a first conveyor belt and its underlying components;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of the first conveyor belt of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the internal structure of the bin;
FIG. 5 is a side view of the bin;
FIG. 6 is a structural view of the nozzle;
FIG. 7 is a top view of the pellet cutting roller;
FIG. 8 is a partially enlarged longitudinal cross-sectional view of the pellet cutting roll.
The device comprises a first conveying belt 1, a material box 2, a material cutting plate 3, a material pushing device 4, a grain cutting roller 5, a finished product conveying belt 6, a second conveying belt 7, a guide plate 8, a feed hopper 21, a discharge hole 22, a spiral conveying shaft 23, a nozzle 24, a stirring shaft 25, a threaded cylinder 26, a rotating shaft 41, a material scraping plate 42, a cutting blade 51, a spacer ring 52, an intermediate shaft 53, a material baffle plate 71, an air nozzle 72 and a spray hole 241.
Detailed Description
In order to make the utility model realize that the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purpose and the effect are clearer and are easy to understand, the following combination and the detailed implementation are right the utility model discloses do further explanation:
as shown in fig. 1-8, the utility model provides an automatic granulator, which comprises a material box 2 with a discharge hole 22, a first conveyer belt 1 arranged below the discharge hole 22, a material cutting plate 3 arranged in sequence along the conveying direction of the first conveyer belt 1 and two grain cutting rollers arranged below the first conveyer belt 1 and used for cutting the material, and a material pushing device 4 used for pushing the cut material out from the side surface of the first conveyer belt 1 to a position between the two grain cutting rollers; the grain cutting rollers are uniformly sleeved with a plurality of annular cutting sheets 51 at intervals along the axial direction, the two grain cutting rollers are arranged in parallel, and the peripheries of the cutting sheets 51 on the two grain cutting rollers are in mutual contact.
According to the above scheme, the utility model discloses a technical thought does: because the conveyer belt uniform motion, the discharge gate is the ejection of compact continuously, and the material is in the distribution of banding on first conveyer belt, cuts a grain roller 5 and carries out fine multistage formula cutting to the banding material and form graininess. The automatic granulation is realized through a common mechanical structure, and the purposes of simple structure and low cost are achieved.
The step that the strip-shaped materials are conveyed from the first conveying belt 1 to the particle cutting roller 5 is completed by a material cutting plate and a material pushing device 4, the material cutting plate 3 is arranged above the first conveying belt 1, the lower end of the material cutting plate 3 is flat, and the material is cut downwards and retracted under the driving of a material cutting cylinder. The cutter plate 3 can also be set to be a motor to drive a rotary blade to cut. The material can be mud-shaped after on the conveyer belt, so the part of blank does not sharp excessively, and the contact surface is less can, prevents to hinder first conveyer belt 1. The pushing device 4 comprises a scraping plate 42 and a scraping plate 42, wherein the scraping plate 42 comprises a rotating shaft 41 driven by a motor and is sleeved on the rotating shaft 41, the rotating shaft 41 is positioned right above the material, and the scraping plate 42 can just contact with the upper surface of the first conveying belt 1 in the axial rotating process around the rotating shaft 41. During the rotation process of the scraping plate 42, the cut strip-shaped materials are pushed out to the position between the two grain cutting rollers 5 from the side surface on the first conveying belt 1, and a guide plate 8 for the sliding of the materials is arranged between the side edge of the conveying belt and the two grain cutting rollers 5.
For the convenience of cutting, the material water content through the stirring can not be very high, and the mobility can not be fine, and the diameter of discharge gate material is very little generally about 3mm, consequently will set up extrusion device in workbin 2, the utility model discloses a be that the mode of auger delivery axle 23 is extruded, is provided with the hole with it looks adaptation in the workbin 2. A feed hopper 21 is arranged above the feed box 2, and the front end of a spiral conveying shaft 23 is arranged close to a discharge hole 22. In order to prevent the material from solidifying and hardening in the bin 2 when not in operation. A stirring shaft 25 is further arranged in the material box 2, a heating oil pipe is arranged in the inner wall of the material box 2, and a proper amount of water can be added if necessary.
Preferably, a finished product conveying belt 6 is further arranged below the grain cutting roller 5, a second conveying belt 7 is further arranged between the finished product conveying belt 6 and the grain cutting roller 5, the upper layer of the second conveying belt 7 is obliquely arranged, and the conveying direction of the second conveying belt is upward along the upper layer plane; the upper end of the second conveying belt 7 is also provided with a baffle plate 71. The cut material particles are not smooth, and the shape of the material particles becomes round and smooth in the process that the inclined second conveying belt 7 rolls to the finished product conveying belt 6, and the material particles are more regularly in the shape of small cylinders or balls. Due to the arrangement of the material baffle plate 71, materials can be prevented from being stuck on the second conveying belt 7. Of course, the surface smoothness of the conveying belt used by the utility model is higher. The second conveyor belt 7 has a slightly higher surface friction in order to prevent the material from slipping directly from above onto the finished conveyor belt 6.
Preferably, the baffle plate 71 is further provided with a plurality of air nozzles 72 arranged towards the lower part of the grain cutting roller 5 so as to prevent partial material particles from being clamped between the cutting sheets 51. Meanwhile, the material can be quickly dried.
In order to improve the overall working efficiency, the discharge holes 22, the material cutting plate 3, the material pushing device 4 and the grain cutting roller 5 are respectively provided with two groups and are symmetrically arranged about the central line of the first conveying belt 1. The first conveyor belt 1 completes the granulation respectively. Fig. 2 and 3 are schematic diagrams of corresponding positional relationships, arrows indicate turning directions, and attention is paid to two symmetrical directions, and the turning directions are opposite. The grain cutting roller 5 is arranged to be turned in such a way that the material is fed between the two grain cutting rollers 5, like the rotation direction of the pulper.
And a nozzle 24 is arranged at the discharge hole 22 and is connected with the discharge hole 22 through threads. The discharge hole 22 is provided with a threaded rod, one end of the threaded rod is positioned in the material box 2, the other end of the threaded rod extends out of the material box 2 to be connected with a nozzle, the specification of the threaded connection part of the nozzle is unchanged, and the size of the spray hole 241 at the front end of the nozzle can be adjusted according to a product. Correspondingly, the grain cutting roller 5 further comprises an intermediate shaft 53 and a spacer ring 52, and the cutting sheets 51 and the spacer ring 52 are detachably sleeved on the intermediate shaft 53 and are arranged at intervals. The interval of the cutting materials can be adjusted and can be correspondingly adjusted.
According to the above technical scheme, the utility model discloses a working process does: firstly, adding the materials into a feed box 2, and extruding the materials through a nozzle 24 under the pressure given by a spiral conveying shaft 23; the first conveying belt 1 receives and conveys materials into a strip shape, then the materials are cut through the material cutting plate 3, the material scraping plate 42 scrapes the materials out of the first conveying belt 1 under the driving of the rotating shaft 41, and the materials fall into the particle cutting roller 5 through the guide plate 8 for granulation; the above steps are performed simultaneously on both sides of the first conveyor belt 1. The granulated material falls into the second conveying belt 7 and rolls on the second conveying belt 7, the shape of the granulated material becomes regular, and the granulated material finally falls into the finished product conveying belt 6 and is conveyed into a material storage device. Meanwhile, the air nozzle 72 plays a role in blowing off and quickly air-drying part of the materials clamped between the cutting sheets 51 of the grain cutting roller 5. The baffle plate 71 can prevent the material from sticking to the second conveyor belt 7 with a slightly larger friction.
Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the preferred embodiments, those skilled in the art will understand that the present invention can be modified or replaced with other embodiments without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which should be construed as limited only by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. An automatic granulator is characterized by comprising a material box provided with a discharge hole, a first conveying belt arranged below the discharge hole, a material cutting plate arranged in sequence along the conveying direction of the first conveying belt and used for cutting materials into granules, two granule cutting rollers arranged below the first conveying belt and used for cutting the materials into granules, and a material pushing device used for pushing the cut materials out of the side face of the first conveying belt to a position between the two granule cutting rollers; the grain cutting rollers are uniformly sleeved with a plurality of annular cutting sheets at intervals along the axial direction, the two grain cutting rollers are arranged in parallel, and the peripheries of the cutting sheets on the two grain cutting rollers are in mutual contact.
2. The automatic granulator according to claim 1, wherein the cutter plate is disposed above the first conveyor belt, and the lower end of the cutter plate is flat and is driven by the cutter cylinder to cut the material downward and retract.
3. The automatic granulator according to claim 2, comprising a motor-driven rotating shaft and a scraper plate sleeved on the rotating shaft, wherein the rotating shaft is positioned right above the materials, and the scraper plate just can contact with the upper surface of the first conveyor belt during the rotation of the scraper plate around the rotating shaft.
4. The automatic granulator according to claim 3 wherein a feed hopper is provided above the hopper, and a screw conveyor shaft is provided in the hopper, the screw conveyor shaft having a front end disposed adjacent to the discharge hole.
5. The automatic granulator according to claim 4, wherein the hopper further comprises a stirring shaft, and the inner wall of the hopper is provided with a heating oil pipe.
6. The automatic granulator according to claim 5, wherein a finished product conveyer belt is further provided below the pellet cutting roller, a second conveyer belt is further provided between the finished product conveyer belt and the pellet cutting roller, the second conveyer belt is obliquely arranged on the upper layer and the conveying direction of the second conveyer belt is upward along the upper layer plane; the upper end of the second conveying belt is also provided with a material baffle plate.
7. The automatic granulator of claim 6 further comprising an air nozzle disposed toward a lower portion of the pellet cutting roller.
8. The automatic granulator according to any one of claims 1 to 7 wherein the discharge holes, the material cutting plate, the material pushing device and the granule cutting roller are provided in two groups and are symmetrically arranged about the center line of the first conveyor belt.
9. The automatic granulator according to any of claims 1-7 wherein the discharge orifice is provided with a nozzle, the nozzle being in threaded connection with the discharge orifice.
10. The automatic granulator of claim 9 wherein the pellet cutting roller comprises a spacer ring disposed between the intermediate shaft, and the cutting blade and the spacer ring are detachably disposed on the shaft and spaced from each other.
CN201920751471.4U 2019-05-23 2019-05-23 Automatic granulator Expired - Fee Related CN210303561U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920751471.4U CN210303561U (en) 2019-05-23 2019-05-23 Automatic granulator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920751471.4U CN210303561U (en) 2019-05-23 2019-05-23 Automatic granulator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210303561U true CN210303561U (en) 2020-04-14

Family

ID=70139803

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920751471.4U Expired - Fee Related CN210303561U (en) 2019-05-23 2019-05-23 Automatic granulator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210303561U (en)

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20200414