CN210163242U - Novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device - Google Patents

Novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN210163242U
CN210163242U CN201921071075.3U CN201921071075U CN210163242U CN 210163242 U CN210163242 U CN 210163242U CN 201921071075 U CN201921071075 U CN 201921071075U CN 210163242 U CN210163242 U CN 210163242U
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China
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spiral
waste liquid
treatment
machine tool
filter screen
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CN201921071075.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张伟
张凯
胡延敏
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Changshu Institute of Technology
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Changshu Institute of Technology
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device, which comprises a movable chassis, wherein a treatment box is arranged above the movable chassis, and the upper cover of the treatment box is provided with a vacuum generator and a liquid inlet; the center of the bottom wall of the treatment box is inwards concave from the outside to form a boss, a spiral separation device is arranged on the boss, and an oil discharge port is arranged below the boss; the spiral separation device comprises a spiral body and a cylindrical side wall which are coaxially arranged; a flow guide cap is arranged at the upper end of the spiral body; the liquid inlet is provided with a filtering device; the bottom of handling the case is located to the outlet. The utility model provides a novel lathe waste liquid treatment device, the staff only need start vacuum generator after connecting the lathe waste liquid case with the inlet of this device, just can be automatically will carry out waste liquid treatment, save the manual work, improve work efficiency.

Description

Novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device
Technical Field
The utility model belongs to smear metal liquid treatment field especially relates to a novel lathe waste liquid treatment device.
Background
At present, emulsion is generally adopted as cutting fluid for numerical control machine tools, and the cutting fluid has certain lubricity, cooling property, cleaning property and rust resistance. However, the method has the problems of short service life, more waste liquid, serious water pollution during discharge, easy decay and deterioration and the like, and the overdue use of the method can cause the surface quality reduction and the service life reduction of cutting tools in metal forming processing, and even can cause the rejection rate improvement of products, so the method needs to recycle and treat the waste liquid. Due to the arrangement space of equipment in a production workshop, the self structure (small liquid inlet and liquid outlet) of a chip cleaner for a numerical control machine tool and the like, the emulsion is difficult to replace periodically, and the cleaning is not thorough. To emulsion centralized processing's workshop, but need a light equipment of one-man operation, make things convenient for personnel to clear up waste liquid in the chip removal ware in limited operating space, transport it to appointed processing position, adopt two kinds of processing methods now basically: firstly, the waste cutting fluid is pumped out of a water tank by a pump and then considered to be treated, and the cost is high due to the use of the pump; the other method is a relatively laggard method, namely, the working personnel use the container to dispose the waste cutting fluid, so that the working efficiency is lower, and the development of enterprises is seriously restricted. Therefore, a waste liquid treatment device which is low in price, high in working efficiency and environment-friendly is urgently needed. The technical personnel in the field actively research to create a novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device, realize the cleaning and recovery of waste liquid and improve the working efficiency; the structure of the waste liquid treatment device is simplified, the occupied area is reduced, and the cost is reduced.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
The utility model discloses the main technical problem who solves is: the utility model provides a novel lathe waste liquid treatment device, the staff only need with the inlet of this device connect the lathe waste liquid case after start vacuum generator, just can be automatically will carry out waste liquid treatment, save the manual work, improve work efficiency.
In order to solve the technical problem, the utility model discloses a technical scheme be: the novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device comprises a movable chassis, wherein a treatment box is arranged above the movable chassis, a vacuum generator and a liquid inlet are arranged on an upper cover of the treatment box, the liquid inlet is connected with a machine tool waste liquid box through a water pipe, and a water outlet and an oil outlet are formed in the lower end of the treatment box;
the center of the bottom wall of the treatment box is inwards recessed from the outside to form a support table, a spiral separation device is arranged on the support table, and an oil discharge port is formed in the support table; the spiral separating device comprises a hollow spiral body and a cylindrical side wall, the spiral body and the side wall are coaxially arranged, the side wall is arranged on the periphery of the spiral body and is fixedly connected with the spiral body, the upper end of the side wall is fixedly connected with the top wall of the treatment box, the lower end of the spiral body is fixedly connected with a support table fixed connector, and the center of the lower end of the spiral body is aligned to an oil discharge port of the support table; the spiral body comprises a plurality of spiral pieces which are connected end to end from top to bottom, and the edges of the spiral pieces are inclined downwards; the spiral body is provided with a water inlet and a water outlet;
a flow guide cap is arranged at the upper end of the spiral body, the top surface of the flow guide cap is a cambered surface, and the flow guide cap is fixedly connected with the spiral body; the upper end of the flow guide cap is right opposite to the liquid inlet;
the liquid inlet is provided with a filtering device which is detachably connected with the liquid inlet;
the bottom of handling the case is located to the outlet.
Further say, filter equipment includes filter screen and shell, the one end of filter screen has the opening, the both ends of shell have the opening, the periphery of filter screen is located to the shell cover, the inlet setting is kept away from to the opening of filter screen.
Further, the opening of filter screen extends to the periphery and forms the extension limit, the inside of shell is equipped with the location step, the filter screen is located in the shell and on its extension limit located the location step in the shell.
Furthermore, the filtering device is connected with the liquid inlet flange or in a spiral manner.
Further, the filtering device is connected with a water pipe in a flange mode or a spiral mode.
Furthermore, the treatment box, the spiral body, the diversion cap and the side wall are all made of metal materials.
Further, the fixed connection is a welded connection.
Further, the vacuum generator is hermetically connected with the processing box.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are that following several points have at least:
the utility model discloses realize the automatic clearance of waste liquid, improved work efficiency: the device can automatically and cleanly treat the waste liquid only by communicating the liquid inlet of the waste liquid treatment box with the waste liquid box of the machine tool when needed by a worker, and the worker can perform other work in the operation period of the device, so that the working efficiency is improved, and the labor is saved;
preferably, the movable chassis is arranged, the machine tool which needs to treat waste liquid only works, and each machine tool is not required to be arranged, so that the operation cost is saved, the space is not occupied, and the flexibility is high;
preferably, the filtering device is a detachable structure, so that the cleaning and the replacement are convenient; the filter device comprises a filter screen and a shell, the filter screen is provided with an extending edge, a positioning step is arranged in the shell, the filter screen is arranged in the shell, the extending edge of the filter screen is arranged on the positioning step, the filter screen can be positioned without using fixing parts such as screws, and the filter screen is prevented from moving back and forth in the shell; when the filter screen is cleaned, the filter screen is only required to be directly taken out, so that the filter screen is convenient to clean;
more preferably, the spiral separation device of the utility model utilizes the centrifugal separation principle, when the spiral body flows from top to bottom, the waste liquid generates a larger rotating speed, water and oil generate radial movement due to density difference, the water moves to the edge of the spiral sheet, the oil moves to the center of the spiral body, the oil-water separation is realized, the structure is simple, and the separation effect is good;
more preferably, the utility model discloses utilize vacuum generator, utilize the pressure differential to handle the waste liquid, the cost is reduced: compared with the traditional device, the device does not need to use a high-power pump, thereby saving the cost;
more preferably, the edge of the spiral sheet of the spiral body inclines downwards to form a concave structure with the side wall, so that water is prevented from moving to the center of the spiral body along with oil, and the oil-water separation effect is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the treatment tank of the present invention (without a filtering device);
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of A1 in FIG. 2;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the spiral body of the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the filtering device of the present invention;
fig. 6 is an exploded view of the filter assembly of the present invention;
the parts in the figures are numbered as follows:
the device comprises a movable chassis 1, a treatment box 2, a support table 21, an upper cover 22, a vacuum generator 3, an air inlet 31, an air outlet 32, a liquid inlet 4, a water outlet 5, an oil outlet 6, a spiral separation device 7, a spiral body 71, a spiral sheet 711, a side wall 72, a diversion cap 73, a filtering device 8, a filter screen 81, an extending edge 811, a shell 82 and a positioning step 821.
Detailed Description
The following examples are intended to illustrate the invention, but are not intended to limit the scope of the invention. Modifications and substitutions of the methods, steps or conditions of the present invention are within the scope of the present invention without departing from the spirit and substance of the invention.
Example (b): a novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device is shown in figures 1-6 and comprises a movable chassis 1, a treatment box 2 is arranged above the movable chassis, an upper cover 22 of the treatment box is provided with a vacuum generator 3 and a liquid inlet 4, the liquid inlet is connected with a machine tool waste liquid box through a water pipe, and the lower end of the treatment box is provided with a water outlet 5 and an oil outlet 6; the vacuum generator comprises an air inlet hole 31 and an air outlet hole 32, and the air inlet hole is connected with an air source;
the center of the bottom wall of the treatment box is inwards sunken from the outside to form a support table 21, a spiral separation device 7 is arranged on the support table, and an oil discharge port is formed in the support table; the spiral separation device comprises a hollow spiral body 71 and a cylindrical side wall 72, the spiral body and the side wall are coaxially arranged, the side wall is arranged on the periphery of the spiral body and is fixedly connected with the spiral body, the upper end of the side wall is fixedly connected with the top wall of the treatment box, the lower end of the spiral body is fixedly connected with a support table fixed connector, and the center of the lower end of the spiral body is aligned with an oil discharge port of the support table; the spiral body comprises a plurality of spiral pieces 711 which are connected end to end from top to bottom, and the edges of the spiral pieces are inclined downwards; the spiral body is provided with a water inlet and a water outlet, waste liquid flows in from the liquid inlet, flows into the water inlet at the upper end of the spiral body under the guidance of the diversion cap, and finally flows into the treatment box from the water outlet;
a flow guide cap 73 is arranged at the upper end of the spiral body, the top surface of the flow guide cap is a cambered surface, and the flow guide cap is fixedly connected with the spiral body; the upper end of the flow guide cap is right opposite to the liquid inlet;
the liquid inlet is provided with a filtering device 8 which is detachably connected with the liquid inlet;
the bottom of handling the case is located to the outlet.
The filter equipment includes filter screen 81 and shell 82, the one end of filter screen has the opening, the both ends of shell have the opening, the periphery of filter screen is located to the shell cover, the inlet setting is kept away from to the opening of filter screen.
The filter screen includes a plurality of evenly distributed filtration pores.
The opening of filter screen extends to the periphery and forms extension limit 811, the inside of shell is equipped with location step 821, the filter screen is located in the shell and its extension limit is located on the location step in the shell.
And the filtering device is connected with the liquid inlet flange or in a spiral way.
The filtering device is connected with a water pipe flange or in a spiral way.
In this embodiment, it is preferable that the filtering device is connected to the liquid inlet in a screw manner; the filtering device is spirally connected with the water pipe.
The inner walls of the two ends of the shell of the filtering device are respectively provided with threads (not shown).
The treatment box, the spiral body, the flow guide cap and the side wall are all made of metal materials;
the fixed connection is welded connection.
The vacuum generator is connected with the processing box in a sealing mode.
The utility model discloses a theory of operation or work flow as follows:
the utility model discloses set up the waste liquid treatment case on removing the chassis, the upper end of handling the case is equipped with vacuum generator and inlet, when a certain lathe needs to handle the waste liquid, remove this waste liquid treatment device to lathe department, put through the waste liquid case of inlet and lathe with the water pipe, start vacuum generator after vacuum generator's inlet port put through the air supply, the processing incasement becomes vacuum state rapidly, under the effect of external atmospheric pressure, the waste liquid flows into the processing case through the water pipe, inlet department is equipped with filter equipment, impurity in the waste liquid is filtered by filter equipment and is stayed in the filter screen, after the waste water enters the processing case, under the effect of spiral separation device, realize oil-water separation, oil and moisture after the separation are respectively discharged from oil drain port and outlet; the purpose of treating the waste liquid is achieved.
It should be understood that the above examples are only for clarity of illustration and are not intended to limit the embodiments. Other variations and modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art in light of the above description. This need not be exhaustive. And obvious variations or modifications can be made without departing from the scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a novel lathe waste liquid treatment device which characterized in that: the device comprises a movable chassis, wherein a treatment box is arranged above the movable chassis, a vacuum generator and a liquid inlet are arranged on an upper cover of the treatment box, the liquid inlet is connected with a machine tool waste liquid box through a water pipe, and a water outlet and an oil outlet are arranged at the lower end of the treatment box;
the center of the bottom wall of the treatment box is inwards recessed from the outside to form a support table, a spiral separation device is arranged on the support table, and an oil discharge port is formed in the support table; the spiral separating device comprises a hollow spiral body and a cylindrical side wall, the spiral body and the side wall are coaxially arranged, the side wall is arranged on the periphery of the spiral body and is fixedly connected with the spiral body, the upper end of the side wall is fixedly connected with the top wall of the treatment box, the lower end of the spiral body is fixedly connected with a support table fixed connector, and the center of the lower end of the spiral body is aligned to an oil discharge port of the support table; the spiral body comprises a plurality of spiral pieces which are connected end to end from top to bottom, and the edges of the spiral pieces are inclined downwards; the spiral body is provided with a water inlet and a water outlet;
a flow guide cap is arranged at the upper end of the spiral body, the top surface of the flow guide cap is a cambered surface, and the flow guide cap is fixedly connected with the spiral body; the upper end of the flow guide cap is right opposite to the liquid inlet;
the liquid inlet is provided with a filtering device which is detachably connected with the liquid inlet;
the bottom of handling the case is located to the outlet.
2. The novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the filter device comprises a filter screen and an outer shell, wherein an opening is formed in one end of the filter screen, openings are formed in two ends of the outer shell, the outer shell is arranged on the periphery of the filter screen, and the opening of the filter screen is far away from the liquid inlet.
3. The novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device according to claim 2, characterized in that: the opening of filter screen extends to the periphery and forms the extension limit, the inside of shell is equipped with the location step, the filter screen is located in the shell and its extension limit is located on the location step in the shell.
4. The novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: and the filtering device is connected with the liquid inlet flange or in a spiral way.
5. The novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the filtering device is connected with a water pipe flange or in a spiral way.
6. The novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the processing box, the spiral body, the diversion cap and the side wall are all made of metal materials.
7. The novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device according to claim 6, characterized in that: the fixed connection is welded connection.
8. The novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device according to claim 1, characterized in that: the vacuum generator is connected with the processing box in a sealing mode.
CN201921071075.3U 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 Novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device Active CN210163242U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921071075.3U CN210163242U (en) 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 Novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201921071075.3U CN210163242U (en) 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 Novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN210163242U true CN210163242U (en) 2020-03-20

Family

ID=69794440

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201921071075.3U Active CN210163242U (en) 2019-07-10 2019-07-10 Novel machine tool waste liquid treatment device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN210163242U (en)

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