CN209996696U - Combined body position pad for minimally invasive cardiac surgery of children through chest wall side incision - Google Patents

Combined body position pad for minimally invasive cardiac surgery of children through chest wall side incision Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209996696U
CN209996696U CN201920305838.XU CN201920305838U CN209996696U CN 209996696 U CN209996696 U CN 209996696U CN 201920305838 U CN201920305838 U CN 201920305838U CN 209996696 U CN209996696 U CN 209996696U
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China
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pad
children
cardiac surgery
wall side
chest
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CN201920305838.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
祁磊
李守军
花中东
马凯
张森
何凤璞
王官玺
冯子聪
杨阳
毛凤群
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Fuwai Hospital of CAMS and PUMC
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Fuwai Hospital of CAMS and PUMC
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Abstract

The utility model provides an children chest wall side incision minimal access cardiac surgery combination formula position pad, including chest abdomen lower bolster, belly and back supporting pad, right arm and first ear pad and conventional pad, chest abdomen lower bolster, belly and back supporting pad, right arm and first ear pad and conventional pad be elastomeric structure, chest abdomen lower bolster, belly and back supporting pad be the cylinder, right arm and first ear pad be the spheroid, conventional pad be the cylindroid, cylindroid top is provided with the concave surface, the utility model discloses a children chest wall side incision minimal access cardiac surgery combination formula position pad material soft and flexible, position pad specification size not only satisfies the support of children chest wall side incision minimal access cardiac surgery position and uses to also can provide standard, convenient, efficient operation support for relevant operation, reduce patient's bedsore incidence.

Description

Combined body position pad for minimally invasive cardiac surgery of children through chest wall side incision
Technical Field
The utility model relates to clinical operation auxiliary appliances, in particular to operation body position pads, in particular to combined body position pads for children chest wall side incision minimally invasive cardiac surgery.
Background
After anesthesia, the muscle of a patient is relaxed, and the patient loses the self-ability of the whole body or part, so that the operation position not only ensures that the operation visual field can be fully exposed to ensure that the operation is smoothly carried out, but also takes care of the normal breathing and circulation functions of the patient to avoid complications caused by compression of limbs, joints or nerves, so that an operating room needs to meet the requirements by means of auxiliary tools, good, comfortable and stable position fixation is provided for the operation patient, the operation visual field needs to be exposed to the maximum extent, the operation time is reduced, the pressure of the patient needs to be dispersed to the maximum extent, and the occurrence of pressure sores and nerve injury are reduced.
At present, the minimally invasive cardiac surgery for children is more and more, more than 3 thousands of such surgeries are performed every year, different from the traditional cardiac surgery, the incisions of the surgeries are mainly positioned under the armpits of the right chest wall, so that special requirements are placed on the body positions of patients in the surgery.
For children patients, the homemade operation pad has the following problems that firstly, the shape is simple and crude, the size and the shape are not uniform , the precision and the effect of supporting required by the operation are difficult to achieve, secondly, the body position pad is made of uncomfortable materials due to smooth and tender skin of the children, the bedsore of the children patients caused by overlong operation time cannot be well relieved, and thirdly, the body position pad is time-consuming and labor-consuming to manufacture and cannot be reused.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide kinds of children chest wall side incision minimal access cardiac surgery combination formula position pads to solve present self-control operation pad can not satisfy children minimal access cardiac surgery demand completely, use for a long time and suffer from bedsore easily and can not reuse's problem.
In order to achieve the purpose, the utility model provides an children chest wall side incision minimal access cardiac surgery combination formula position pad, including chest abdomen lower bolster, belly and back supporting pad, right arm and first ear pad and conventional pad, its characterized in that chest abdomen lower bolster, belly and back supporting pad be the cylinder, right arm and first ear pad be the spheroid, conventional pad be the cylindroid, the cylindroid top is provided with the concave surface, chest abdomen lower bolster, belly and back supporting pad, right arm and first ear pad and conventional pad be elastomeric structure.
Preferably, the height of the cylinder is 30-40cm, and the diameter is 15-22 cm.
Preferably, the diameter of the sphere is 10 to 20 cm.
Preferably, the ratio of the diameters of the major axis and the minor axis of the elliptic cylinder is 1.25-1.5: 1.
Preferably, the concave surface of the conventional cushion is lower than the concave surface of the elliptical cylinder top end surface 1-3 cm., sunken cavities can be formed in the top of the conventional cushion, and the conventional cushion is used for placing the ankle, knee, ilium and other parts of a patient into the cavities for different operation situations so as to protect the ankle, knee, ilium and other parts of a patient child.
The hydrogel is the closest to human skin touch at present and is most comfortable to contact with the human skin, and the hydrogel of the elastomer has degree resilience after being pressed and can be supported by being matched with the posture of a patient completely.
Compared with the prior art, the utility model, have following advantage and effect.
The utility model discloses a children chest wall side incision minimal access cardiac surgery combination formula position pad, including chest abdomen lower bolster, belly and back supporting pad, right arm and first ear pad and conventional pad, chest abdomen lower bolster and belly and back supporting pad be the cylinder, right arm and first ear pad be the spheroid, conventional pad be the cylindroid, the cylindroid top is provided with the concave surface, chest abdomen lower bolster, belly and back supporting pad, right arm and first ear pad and conventional pad are elastomeric structure, like this, adopt elastomeric structure, soft elasticity when contacting with the human body can provide long-time support protection for the human body position, simultaneously, each position pad appearance specification designs according to human body position, and the position pad shape specification size of each position is unified , can provide the convenient efficient operation support of standard for relevant operation, reduces patient's bedsore incidence to each position pad all can used repeatedly.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the combined body position pad for the minimally invasive cardiac surgery on the chest wall side of the child of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the abdomen and back supporting pad structure of the combined type body pad for the children chest wall side incision minimally invasive cardiac surgery of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the right arm and head-ear pad structure of the combined type body pad for children chest wall side incision minimally invasive cardiac surgery of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the conventional cushion structure of the combined body position cushion for the children chest wall side incision minimally invasive cardiac surgery of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional structure view of the conventional pad of the combined body position pad for the minimally invasive cardiac surgery on the chest wall side of the child of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken along line a-a of fig. 5.
In the figure: 1-chest-abdomen lower cushion, 2-abdomen and back support cushion, 3-right arm and head-ear cushion, 4-conventional cushion, 41-concave surface.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below in with reference to the drawings the elements and features described in the drawings or embodiments of the invention can be combined with the elements and features shown in or more other drawings or embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1-4, combined body position pads for minimally invasive cardiac surgery on chest wall side incisions of children comprise a chest-abdomen lower pad 1, an abdomen-back support pad 2, a right arm-head-ear pad 3 and a conventional pad 4, wherein the chest-abdomen lower pad 1, the abdomen-back support pad 2, the right arm-head-ear pad 3 and the conventional pad 4 are all elastomer structures made of hydrogel, and due to the fact that surfaces of the hydrogel are soft and smooth, the body position pads made of the hydrogel are convenient to sterilize and clean, and can be reused, as shown in fig. 1, the chest-abdomen lower pad 1 is of a cylinder structure, the cylinder is 30-40cm in height and 15-22 cm., the chest-abdomen lower pad 1 is mainly used for supporting a position between a lateral lying body, a chest and an operation bed, a right side operation incision can be better exposed, a fissure space is larger, operation of a doctor is convenient, as shown in fig. 2, the abdomen-back lower pad 2 is also of a cylinder structure, the cylinder support pad is 30-40cm in height, 15-22 cm. in diameter and 15-22cm in diameter, the abdomen-2 can be placed in front of the infant, the infant can be placed in the belly support pad, the infant is not easy to shake the infant, and the infant can be caused by the infant, the infant can be caused by the infant, and the infant, the infant can be caused by the infant, the infant can.
As shown in figure 3, the right arm and head and ear pad 3 of the minimally invasive cardiac surgery combined body position pad for the children chest wall side incision of the utility model is of a sphere structure, and the diameter of the sphere is 10-20 cm. The main function of the right arm and head and ear pad 3 is to prevent the occurrence of bedsore between the right arm and the head and ear during long-time operation. In the operation, the specification and size of the right arm and head and ear pad can be selected according to different distances between the right arm and the head and ear fixed by the patient head frame. The diameters of the right arm and head-ear pad 3 are set in three specifications of 10cm, 15cm and 20cm according to the ages and weights of different children.
As shown in figures 4-6, the conventional pad 4 of the combined body position pad for children chest wall side incision minimally invasive cardiac surgery of the present invention is an elliptical cylinder structure, the diameter of the major axis of the ellipse is 30-50cm, and the diameter ratio of the major axis to the minor axis is 1.25-1.5: 1. The top end of the elliptic cylinder is provided with a concave surface 41, and the concave surface 41 is downwards arranged to form a concave cavity structure at the top end of the elliptic cylinder, so that the ankle, the knee, the ilium and other parts of a sick child can be protected in an operation conveniently. In order to facilitate better matching with the ankle, knee, ilium and other parts of an operator, the body position of the patient is more stable, the middle of the concave surface is a plane, the plane is transited to the top end surface of the elliptic cylinder to the periphery by an arc-shaped surface to form a disc-shaped structure, the distance between the plane and the top end surface of the elliptic cylinder is 2cm, and the distance between the plane and the bottom end surface of the elliptic cylinder is 5 cm.
The utility model discloses a children chest wall side incision wicresoft heart operation combination formula position pad is when using, after the infant steadily of lying on one's side, earlier place chest abdomen underlay 1 in infant chest abdomen position, expose right side operation incision, place the position body remain stable that belly and back supporting pad 2 made the infant both sides respectively before the belly again with the back, then place right arm and first ear pad 3 again, to prevent that long-time operation from causing the emergence of arm and first ear decubital, at last again according to the ankle of infant, the knee, position circumstances such as iliac portion use conventional pad 4 as appropriate, make the infant position more stable.
The utility model discloses a children chest wall side incision wicresoft heart operation combination formula position pad's chest abdomen underlay and belly, back supporting pad are selected according to infant's weight.
The weight of the infant patient is 6-10 kg. The diameter and the height of the chest-abdomen lower cushion 1 and the abdomen and back supporting cushion 2 are both 15cm and 30 cm; the diameter of the right arm and head and ear pad 3 is 10 cm.
The weight of the infant patient is 10-15 kg. The diameter and the height of the chest-abdomen lower cushion 1 and the abdomen and back supporting cushion 2 are both 18cm and 35 cm; the diameter of the right arm and head ear pad 3 is 15 cm.
The weight of the infant is more than 15 kg. The diameter and the height of the chest-abdomen lower cushion 1 and the abdomen and back supporting cushion 2 are both 22cm and 40 cm; the diameter of the right arm and head ear pad 3 is 20 cm.
Although the present invention and its advantages have been described in detail, it should be understood that various changes, substitutions and alterations can be made herein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. Moreover, the scope of the present application is not intended to be limited to the particular embodiments of the process, machine, means, methods and steps described in the specification. As one of ordinary skill in the art will readily appreciate from the disclosure of the present invention, processes, machines, means, methods, or steps, presently existing or later to be developed that perform substantially the same function or achieve substantially the same result as the corresponding embodiments described herein may be utilized according to the present invention. Accordingly, the appended claims are intended to include within their scope such processes, devices, means, methods, or steps.

Claims (6)

  1. The combined type body position pad for the chest-abdomen side incision minimally invasive cardiac surgery of the children comprises a chest-abdomen lower pad, an abdomen and back support pad, a right arm and head-ear pad and a conventional pad, and is characterized in that the chest-abdomen lower pad, the abdomen and back support pad and the conventional pad are all cylinders, the right arm and head-ear pad is a sphere, the conventional pad is an elliptic cylinder, a concave surface is arranged at the top end of the elliptic cylinder, and the chest-abdomen lower pad, the abdomen and back support pad, the right arm and head-ear pad and the conventional pad are all of an elastic body structure.
  2. 2. The combined body position pad for children chest wall side incision minimally invasive cardiac surgery according to claim 1, characterized in that: the height of the cylinder is 30-40cm, and the diameter of the cylinder is 15-22 cm.
  3. 3. The combined body position pad for children chest wall side incision minimally invasive cardiac surgery according to claim 1, characterized in that: the diameter of the sphere is 10-20 cm.
  4. 4. The combined body position pad for children chest wall side incision minimally invasive cardiac surgery according to claim 1, characterized in that: the diameter ratio of the long axis to the short axis of the elliptic cylinder is 1.25-1.5: 1.
  5. 5. The combined body position pad for children chest wall side incision minimally invasive cardiac surgery according to claim 4, wherein: the concave surface is 1-3cm lower than the top end surface of the elliptic cylinder.
  6. 6. The combined body position pad for children chest wall side incision minimally invasive cardiac surgery according to claim 1, characterized in that: the elastomer is hydrogel.
CN201920305838.XU 2019-03-12 2019-03-12 Combined body position pad for minimally invasive cardiac surgery of children through chest wall side incision Active CN209996696U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920305838.XU CN209996696U (en) 2019-03-12 2019-03-12 Combined body position pad for minimally invasive cardiac surgery of children through chest wall side incision

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920305838.XU CN209996696U (en) 2019-03-12 2019-03-12 Combined body position pad for minimally invasive cardiac surgery of children through chest wall side incision

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209996696U true CN209996696U (en) 2020-01-31

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111557821A (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-08-21 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 Lateral position spinal surgery position fixing equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111557821A (en) * 2020-04-23 2020-08-21 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 Lateral position spinal surgery position fixing equipment
CN111557821B (en) * 2020-04-23 2022-04-05 中国人民解放军第四军医大学 Lateral position spinal surgery position fixing equipment

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