CN209849525U - Solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment - Google Patents

Solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209849525U
CN209849525U CN201920199324.0U CN201920199324U CN209849525U CN 209849525 U CN209849525 U CN 209849525U CN 201920199324 U CN201920199324 U CN 201920199324U CN 209849525 U CN209849525 U CN 209849525U
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solid
liquid separation
waste treatment
case
environment
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CN201920199324.0U
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原雷鹏
陈燕燕
吕忠
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原雷鹏
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an environmental protection solid waste treatment technical field, specifically a solid-liquid separation equipment for environmental protection solid waste treatment, including the quick-witted case, machine incasement chamber is provided with centrifugal barrel, the top of machine case is provided with the pan feeding mouth, the bottom of pan feeding mouth is installed the guide plate, centrifugal barrel inner chamber vertical installation has broken pivot, the outside of machine case is installed first motor, the drive end of first motor is installed the drive wheel, the top of broken pivot is installed from the driving wheel, be provided with drive belt between drive wheel and the driven wheel and be connected, install a plurality of broken cutting edges in the broken pivot, be provided with a plurality of drain holes on the lateral wall of centrifugal barrel, the cover is equipped with driven gear on the outer barrel wall of centrifugal barrel; this application adopts centrifugal separation mode, effectively separates solid-state rubbish and liquid rubbish to make things convenient for subsequent refuse treatment process.

Description

Solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment
Technical Field
The utility model relates to an environmental protection is useless technical field of handling admittedly, specifically is a solid-liquid separation equipment that is used for environmental protection to useless processing admittedly.
Background
In daily life or industrial production, classification treatment of garbage is not carried out in place, so that solid garbage and liquid garbage are mixed together, and the post treatment of the garbage is not facilitated. In the prior art, a simple solid-liquid separation method is mostly adopted for treatment, and the separation operation is carried out only by a filtering mode, but the filtering holes are too small and easily blocked by waste residues, the solid materials are easily mixed into the wastewater due to the too large filtering holes, and the treatment difficulty of the wastewater is increased; the existing solid-liquid separation device has low treatment efficiency and poor operation effect, and has great influence on the environment.
Chinese patent (No. CN 206645921U) discloses an environment-friendly solid-liquid separation device, which is beneficial to forming sediment in sewage by adding a flocculating agent and better realizes solid-liquid separation; however, the practical application of the method has obvious problems that the formed flocculation-type substances are still adhered to solid substances and the liquid and the solid cannot be effectively separated.
SUMMERY OF THE UTILITY MODEL
An object of the utility model is to provide a solid-liquid separation equipment for environmental protection is useless admittedly to solve the problem that proposes in the above-mentioned background art.
In order to achieve the above object, the utility model provides a following technical scheme:
a solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment comprises a case, wherein a solid discharge cavity and a liquid discharge cavity are respectively arranged at the bottom of the case, a centrifugal barrel is arranged in an inner cavity of the case, a feeding hole is formed in the top of the case, a guide plate is arranged at the bottom of the feeding hole, a crushing rotating shaft is vertically arranged in the inner cavity of the centrifugal barrel, a first motor is arranged on the outer side of the case, a driving wheel is arranged at the driving end of the first motor, a driven wheel is arranged at the top of the crushing rotating shaft, a driving belt is arranged between the driving wheel and the driven wheel and connected with the driving wheel, a plurality of crushing blades are arranged on the crushing rotating shaft, a plurality of liquid discharge holes are formed in the side wall of the centrifugal barrel, a driven gear is sleeved on the outer barrel wall of the centrifugal barrel, a second motor is arranged on, the transmission gear is meshed with the driven gear.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the centrifugal machine is characterized in that a limiting guide rail is arranged on the side wall of the inner cavity of the machine case, the limiting guide rail is of an annular structure, supporting rods are mounted at the left end and the right end of the side wall of the centrifugal barrel, limiting idler wheels are mounted on the supporting rods, and the limiting idler wheels are embedded in the limiting guide rail.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the crushing rotating shaft is provided with a plurality of limiting bearings, and the crushing blades are respectively clamped between the adjacent limiting bearings.
As a further aspect of the present invention: and a liquid discharge pipe is arranged in the liquid discharge cavity, the liquid discharge pipe is communicated with the case, and a liquid discharge pump is arranged on the liquid discharge pipe.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the solid discharge cavity is provided with the baffle with the bung hole department of centrifugation bucket bottom, install the transmission apron through the loose axle on the baffle, the side in solid discharge cavity is vertical to be worn to be equipped with the threaded rod, install the transmission cover on the threaded rod, be provided with the pull rod between transmission cover and the transmission apron and be connected.
As a further aspect of the present invention: and the bottom of the solid discharge cavity is provided with a driving motor, and the threaded rod is connected with the driving end of the driving motor.
As a further aspect of the present invention: the solid discharge cavity is characterized in that a guide groove is formed in the side wall of the solid discharge cavity, the transmission sleeve is connected with a guide block, and the guide block is embedded in the guide groove.
Compared with the prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are that:
according to the centrifugal separation mode, liquid fluid is discharged from a liquid discharge hole in the side wall of the centrifugal barrel through tangential centrifugal acting force according to the huge difference in the density of the solid-liquid substances, and the solid substances are retained in the centrifugal barrel, so that the solid-liquid separation effect is achieved, the solid garbage and the liquid garbage are effectively separated, and the subsequent garbage treatment process is facilitated;
the material discharging mechanism is further arranged, and the material discharging mechanism is matched with the connecting rod in a transmission mode through thread transmission to drive the transmission cover plate to open and close, so that the effects of quick material discharging and batch material discharging are achieved, and the situation of material discharging blockage is avoided.
It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory only and are not restrictive of the application.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments consistent with the present application and together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the application. Also, the drawings and the description are not intended to limit the scope of the present concepts in any way, but rather to illustrate the concepts of the present disclosure to those skilled in the art by reference to specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the installation of the crushing blade according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the solid discharge chamber of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-cabinet, 11-feeding port, 12-guide plate, 2-centrifugal barrel, 21-crushing rotating shaft, 22-first motor, 23-driving wheel, 24-driven wheel, 25-driving belt, 26-crushing blade, 27-limit bearing, 28-drain hole, 29-driven gear, 31-second motor, 32-driving gear and 33-limit guide rail, 34-supporting rod, 35-limiting roller, 4-liquid discharge cavity, 41-liquid discharge pump, 42-liquid discharge pipe, 5-solid discharge cavity, 51-partition plate, 52-transmission cover plate, 53-movable shaft, 54-threaded rod, 55-movable sleeve, 56-pull rod, 57-guide block, 58-guide groove and 59-driving motor.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are shown in the drawings. When the following description refers to the accompanying drawings, like numbers in different drawings represent the same or similar elements, unless otherwise indicated.
It is to be understood that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the invention, and not all embodiments. Based on the embodiments in the present invention, all other embodiments obtained by a person skilled in the art without creative work belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
The first embodiment is as follows:
referring to fig. 1, a solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment comprises a case 1, a solid discharge cavity 5 and a liquid discharge cavity 4 are respectively arranged at the bottom of the case 1, a centrifugal barrel 2 is arranged in the inner cavity of the case 1, a feed inlet 11 is arranged at the top of the case 1, a guide plate 12 is arranged at the bottom of the feed inlet 11, a crushing rotating shaft 21 is vertically arranged in the inner cavity of the centrifugal barrel 2, a first motor 22 is arranged at the outer side of the case 1, a driving wheel 23 is arranged at the driving end of the first motor 22, a driven wheel 24 is arranged at the top of the crushing rotating shaft 21, a driving belt 25 is arranged between the driving wheel 23 and the driven wheel 24, a plurality of crushing blades 26 are arranged on the crushing rotating shaft 21, a plurality of liquid discharge holes 28 are arranged on the side wall of the centrifugal barrel 2, and a driven gear 29 is sleeved on the outer barrel, a second motor 31 is installed on the outer side of the case 1, a driving gear 32 is installed at the driving end of the second motor 31, the driving gear 32 is meshed with the driven gear 29, a drain pipe 42 is installed in the liquid discharge cavity 4, the drain pipe 42 is communicated with the case 1, and a drain pump 41 is installed on the drain pipe 42.
In the application, a centrifugal separation mode is adopted, materials are poured into a case 1 through a feeding port 11 and slide into a centrifugal barrel 2 along a guide plate 12, during operation, a first motor 22 is started, the first motor 22 drives a crushing rotating shaft 21 to move through belt transmission, so that a crushing blade 26 is driven to perform crushing operation, containers containing liquid such as pop-top cans and plastic bottles are crushed, the liquid is ensured to flow out, and solid-liquid separation is performed; meanwhile, the second motor 31 is started again, the second motor 31 drives the transmission gear 32 to move, the driven gear 29 is driven to rotate through gear meshing transmission, the centrifugal barrel 2 is driven to rotate, the large difference in density of solid and liquid substances is utilized, further, centrifugal operation is conducted on the materials, the liquid fluid substances are discharged from the liquid discharge hole 28 in the side wall of the centrifugal barrel 2 through tangential centrifugal acting force, the solid substances are retained in the centrifugal barrel 2, and therefore the effect of solid-liquid separation is achieved.
Be provided with limit guide 33 on the machine case 1 inner chamber lateral wall, limit guide 33 is the loop configuration, bracing piece 34 is all installed to the end about 2 lateral walls of centrifugation bucket, install limit roller 35 on the bracing piece 34, limit roller 35 gomphosis is in limit guide 33. To the rotation of centrifugal bucket 2, play direction and spacing effect, guarantee centrifugal operation's stability.
Referring to fig. 2, a plurality of limit bearings 27 are disposed on the crushing rotating shaft 21, and the crushing blades 26 are respectively clamped between adjacent limit bearings 27. The limit bearing 27 clamps and limits the crushing blade 26, so that the cutting stability of the crushing blade 26 is kept, and interference with the centrifugal barrel 2 is avoided.
Example two:
referring to fig. 3, this embodiment is further optimized as an embodiment, on the basis of which a partition plate 51 is disposed at a barrel opening of the bottom of the centrifugal barrel 2 and the solid discharge chamber 5, a transmission cover plate 52 is mounted on the partition plate 51 through a movable shaft 53, a threaded rod 54 vertically penetrates through a side edge of the solid discharge chamber 5, a transmission sleeve 55 is mounted on the threaded rod 54, and a pull rod 56 is disposed between the transmission sleeve 55 and the transmission cover plate 52 for connection. The bottom of the solid discharge cavity 5 is provided with a driving motor 59, and the threaded rod 54 is connected with the driving end of the driving motor 59.
This application still is provided with row material mechanism, during the operation, starts driving motor 59, and driving motor 59 drives the motion of threaded rod 54 to screw transmission drives transmission cover 55 along threaded rod 54 downstream, drives transmission apron 52 through pull rod 56 and uses loose axle 53 to rotate as the axle center, thereby opens 0 apron 52 of transmission, discharges solid-state material fast. The screw transmission is matched with the connecting rod transmission to drive the opening and closing of the transmission cover plate 52, so that the effects of fast discharging and batch discharging are achieved, and the situation of discharging blockage is avoided.
A guide groove 58 is arranged on the side wall of the solid discharge cavity 5, the transmission sleeve 55 is connected with a guide block 57, and the guide block 57 is embedded in the guide groove 58. The movement of the driving sleeve 55 is limited, thereby ensuring the stability of the screw drive.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to details of the above-described exemplary embodiments, but that it can be implemented in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the invention. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. A solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment comprises a case (1), wherein a solid discharge cavity (5) and a liquid discharge cavity (4) are respectively arranged at the bottom of the case (1), a centrifugal barrel (2) is arranged in an inner cavity of the case (1), a feeding port (11) is arranged at the top of the case (1), a guide plate (12) is arranged at the bottom of the feeding port (11), a crushing rotating shaft (21) is vertically arranged in the inner cavity of the centrifugal barrel (2), a first motor (22) is arranged at the outer side of the case (1), the solid-liquid separation device is characterized in that a driving wheel (23) is arranged at the driving end of the first motor (22), a driven wheel (24) is arranged at the top of the crushing rotating shaft (21), a driving belt (25) is arranged between the driving wheel (23) and the driven wheel (24) to be connected, and a plurality of crushing blades (26), be provided with a plurality of drain holes (28) on the lateral wall of centrifuge bucket (2), the cover is equipped with driven gear (29) on the outer bucket wall of centrifuge bucket (2), second motor (31) are installed in the outside of quick-witted case (1), drive gear (32) are installed to the drive end of second motor (31), drive gear (32) and driven gear (29) mesh mutually.
2. The solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment according to claim 1, wherein a limit guide rail (33) is arranged on the side wall of the inner cavity of the case (1), the limit guide rail (33) is of an annular structure, support rods (34) are arranged at the left end and the right end of the side wall of the centrifugal barrel (2), limit rollers (35) are arranged on the support rods (34), and the limit rollers (35) are embedded in the limit guide rail (33).
3. The solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment according to claim 1, wherein the crushing rotating shaft (21) is provided with a plurality of limiting bearings (27), and the crushing blades (26) are respectively clamped between the adjacent limiting bearings (27).
4. The solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein a liquid discharge pipe (42) is installed in the liquid discharge cavity (4), the liquid discharge pipe (42) is communicated with the machine case (1), and a liquid discharge pump (41) is installed on the liquid discharge pipe (42).
5. The solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein a partition plate (51) is arranged at the opening of the bottom of the solid discharge chamber (5) and the centrifugal barrel (2), a transmission cover plate (52) is installed on the partition plate (51) through a movable shaft (53), a threaded rod (54) vertically penetrates through the side edge of the solid discharge chamber (5), a transmission sleeve (55) is installed on the threaded rod (54), and a pull rod (56) is arranged between the transmission sleeve (55) and the transmission cover plate (52) and connected with the threaded rod.
6. The solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment according to claim 5, wherein a driving motor (59) is installed at the bottom of the solid discharge cavity (5), and the threaded rod (54) is connected with the driving end of the driving motor (59).
7. The solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment according to claim 6, wherein a guide groove (58) is formed in the side wall of the solid discharge cavity (5), the transmission sleeve (55) is connected with a guide block (57), and the guide block (57) is embedded in the guide groove (58).
CN201920199324.0U 2019-02-15 2019-02-15 Solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment Active CN209849525U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920199324.0U CN209849525U (en) 2019-02-15 2019-02-15 Solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920199324.0U CN209849525U (en) 2019-02-15 2019-02-15 Solid-liquid separation device for environment-friendly solid waste treatment

Publications (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111659711A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-09-15 兰金美 Household garbage pretreatment device and pretreatment method thereof
CN111687179A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-09-22 山东嘉励智能科技有限公司 Solid-liquid separation's high-efficient processing apparatus of solid waste

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111687179A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-09-22 山东嘉励智能科技有限公司 Solid-liquid separation's high-efficient processing apparatus of solid waste
CN111659711A (en) * 2020-06-22 2020-09-15 兰金美 Household garbage pretreatment device and pretreatment method thereof

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