CN209631792U - A kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system - Google Patents

A kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209631792U
CN209631792U CN201822144718.4U CN201822144718U CN209631792U CN 209631792 U CN209631792 U CN 209631792U CN 201822144718 U CN201822144718 U CN 201822144718U CN 209631792 U CN209631792 U CN 209631792U
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China
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tank
crushing
grate plate
pretreatment
pretreatment tank
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CN201822144718.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗传奎
温鹏飞
张健丁
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Shanghai Nenghui Technology Co Ltd
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Shanghai Nenghui Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing systems, including pre-processing tank, crushing tank, pyrolysis oven, feed hopper and connecting tube, pretreatment tank side is provided with crushing tank, and the discharge port for pre-processing tank is connected with the feed inlet of crushing tank by connecting tube, it crushes pot bottom and pyrolysis oven is connected with by discharge nozzle, the feed inlet of pretreatment tank is connected with feed hopper by feed pipe, lifting cylinder is fixedly installed on pretreatment tank top inner wall, piston rod one end of lifting cylinder is fixedly connected with electromagnet, the first vibration grate plate is provided in pretreatment tank, and first vibrates the bottom that electromagnet is arranged in grate plate, one end is provided with scraping wings at the top of first vibration grate plate, the side of scraping wings is fixedly connected with the piston rod of telescopic cylinder, the water inlet with water inlet pipe cooperation is provided on pretreatment tank, pass through pretreatment tank and crushing tank, After house refuse is pre-processed and crushed, is conducive to carry out pyrolysis processing, improves pyrolysis efficiency.

Description

A kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of domestic garbage treatment, specially a kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system.
Background technique
Mainly using filling and burning two ways, two ways all can be to soil environment and air for traditional garbage disposal Environment pollutes, and existing new process is to use pyrolysis processing, if directly pyrolysis processing is carried out to house refuse, due to life Containing sewage soil and other impurities in rubbish living, it is easy to cause pyrolysis insufficient, causes the wasting of resources, and in house refuse A large amount of metal can be contained and cause the waste of metal if directly handled.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing systems, to solve in above-mentioned background technique The problem of proposition.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides the following technical solutions: a kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system, packet Pretreatment tank, crushing tank, pyrolysis oven, feed hopper and connecting tube are included, pretreatment tank side is provided with crushing tank, and pre-processes tank Discharge port is connected with the feed inlet of crushing tank by connecting tube, is crushed pot bottom by discharge nozzle and is connected with pyrolysis oven, pre-processes The feed inlet of tank is connected with feed hopper by feed pipe, pre-processes and is fixedly installed with lifting cylinder, lifting air on the inner wall of tank top Piston rod one end of cylinder is fixedly connected with electromagnet, pre-processes and is provided with the first vibration grate plate in tank, and the first vibration grate plate is set It sets one end at the top of the bottom of electromagnet, the first vibration grate plate and is provided with scraping wings, the side of scraping wings and the work of telescopic cylinder Stopper rod is fixedly connected, and pre-processes the water inlet being provided on tank with water inlet pipe cooperation, and pretreatment tank is arranged in the bottom of water inlet There is the air inlet with blast pipe cooperation, and blast pipe is connected to the air outlet of air-heater;
It is provided with the second vibration grate plate in crushing tank, is provided with spiral crushing shaft at the top of the second vibration grate plate, spiral crushes One end of axis and the motor shaft for crushing motor are rotatablely connected, and are crushed and are provided with motor cover on the outside of motor, and motor cover is arranged in powder On the lateral wall of broken tank, one end is provided with suction cover at the top of the second vibration grate plate, and suction cover is connected with feeding by converying feeding tube The discharge port of blower, feeding fan is connected with discharge cover by pipeline, and the top of spiral crushing shaft is arranged in discharge cover.
Preferably, the second vibration grate plate bottom in crushing tank is provided with guide cover, and guide cover bottom is connected with discharge nozzle, And control valve is provided on discharge nozzle, the opening of discharge nozzle is connected to the feed inlet of pyrolysis oven.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal: guide cover, which facilitates, to be conveyed smashed rubbish into pyrolysis oven by conveying pipeline Carry out pyrolysis processing.
Preferably, striker plate, the fixed company in the top of striker plate and one end of backgauge electric pushrod are provided on the outside of discharge port It connects, and backgauge electric pushrod is fixedly mounted on the lateral wall of pretreatment tank.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal: striker plate blocks discharge port, prevents rubbish from diffusing out pretreatment tank, backgauge Electric pushrod drives striker plate to be moved, convenient to transport to rubbish.
Preferably, it crushes on top tank structure and is fixedly installed with bearing block, and the bearing in bearing block and spiral crushing shaft are another End rotation connection.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal: rotating convenient for spiral crushing shaft, crushed to rubbish.
Preferably, it pre-processes and is provided with the through-hole being slidably connected with the piston rod of telescopic cylinder on pot sidewall, and pre-process Tank and pyrolysis furnace bottom are provided with support frame.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal: being supported to pretreatment tank and pyrolysis oven.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that by pretreatment tank and crushing tank, to house refuse After being pre-processed and being crushed, is conducive to carry out pyrolysis processing, improves pyrolysis efficiency, effectively recycled in house refuse Regenerant is avoided waste, and the first vibration grate plate pre-processed in tank carries out the sewage and solid refuse contained in house refuse Vibration separation after electromagnet is powered, carries out adsorption recovery to the metal in rubbish, is adding water by water inlet pipe, to house refuse On soil be rinsed, mud flows to drainpipe by vibrating the filter opening of grate plate, convenient to carry out pyrolysis processing to rubbish, crushes The second vibration grate plate in tank, carries out shaking-sieving to smashed rubbish, guarantees the size that rubbish crushes, prevent larger size Rubbish be inconvenient to be pyrolyzed, ensure that crushing after rubbish sufficiently carry out pyrolysis processing.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the pretreatment tank side view of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the crushing tank main view of the utility model.
In figure: 1, pre-processing tank;11, lifting cylinder;12, electromagnet;13, telescopic cylinder;14, scraping wings;15, it intakes Pipe;16, blast pipe;17, air-heater;18, the first vibration grate plate;19, drainpipe;2, crushing tank;21, motor is crushed;22, spiral Crushing shaft;23, the second vibration grate plate;24, suction cover;25, converying feeding tube;26, feeding fan;27, discharge cover;28, guide cover; 3, pyrolysis oven;4, feed hopper;41, feed pipe;5, connecting tube;51, discharge port;52, striker plate;53, backgauge electric pushrod.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the instructions such as term "vertical", "upper", "lower", "horizontal" Orientation or positional relationship is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of description the utility model and simplification Description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, constructed and grasped with specific orientation Make, therefore should not be understood as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should also be noted that, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is set Set ", " installation ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, Or it is integrally connected;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, intermediary can also be passed through It is indirectly connected, can be the connection inside two elements.It for the ordinary skill in the art, can be according to specific feelings Condition understands the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the present invention.
Fig. 1-3 is please referred to, the utility model provides a kind of technical solution: a kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system, including Tank 1, crushing tank 2, pyrolysis oven 3, feed hopper 4 and connecting tube 5 are pre-processed, pretreatment 1 side of tank is provided with crushing tank 2, and pre- place The feed inlet of the discharge port 51 and crushing tank 2 of managing tank 1 is connected by connecting tube 5, and 2 bottom of crushing tank is connected with heat by discharge nozzle Furnace 3 is solved, the feed inlet of pretreatment tank 1 is connected with feed hopper 4 by feed pipe 41, pre-processes and be fixedly mounted in 1 top inner wall of tank There is lifting cylinder 11, piston rod one end of lifting cylinder 11 is fixedly connected with electromagnet 12, pre-processes in tank 1 and is provided with the first vibration Dynamic grate plate 18, and the bottom of electromagnet 12 is arranged in the first vibration grate plate 18, first vibration 18 top one end of grate plate, which is provided with, to push away The side of flitch 14, scraping wings 14 is fixedly connected with the piston rod of telescopic cylinder 13, is pre-processed and is provided with and water inlet pipe 15 on tank 1 The water inlet of cooperation, pretreatment tank 1 are provided with the air inlet cooperated with blast pipe 16, and 16 He of blast pipe in the bottom of water inlet The air outlet of air-heater 17 is connected to;By pretreatment tank 1 and crushing tank 2, after house refuse is pre-processed and crushed, favorably In carrying out pyrolysis processing, pyrolysis efficiency is improved, the regenerant in house refuse has effectively been recycled, has avoided waste.
It is provided with the second vibration grate plate 23 in crushing tank 2, is provided with spiral crushing shaft 22, spiral shell at the top of the second vibration grate plate 23 The one end for revolving crushing shaft 22 and the motor shaft for crushing motor 21 are rotatablely connected, and are crushed and are provided with motor cover on the outside of motor 21, and electricity Hood is arranged on the lateral wall of crushing tank 2, and second vibration 23 top one end of grate plate is provided with suction cover 24, and suction cover 24 passes through Converying feeding tube 25 is connected with feeding fan 26, and the discharge port of feeding fan 26 is connected with discharge cover 27, and discharge cover by pipeline 27 are arranged in the top of spiral crushing shaft 22.The second vibration grate plate in broken tank, carries out shaking-sieving to smashed rubbish, protects The size that rubbish crushes is demonstrate,proved, the rubbish of larger size is prevented to be inconvenient to be pyrolyzed, rubbish sufficiently carries out heat after ensure that crushing Solution processing.
The second vibration 23 bottom of grate plate in crushing tank 2 is provided with guide cover 28, and 28 bottom of guide cover is connected with discharge nozzle, And control valve is provided on discharge nozzle, the opening of discharge nozzle is connected to the feed inlet of pyrolysis oven 3.Guide cover 28 facilitates after crushing Rubbish conveyed by conveying pipeline into carrying out pyrolysis processing in pyrolysis oven 3.
Striker plate 52, the fixed company in the top of striker plate 52 and one end of backgauge electric pushrod 53 are provided on the outside of discharge port 51 It connecing, and backgauge electric pushrod 53 is fixedly mounted on the lateral wall of pretreatment tank 1, striker plate 52 blocks discharge port 51, Prevent rubbish from diffusing out pretreatment tank 1, backgauge electric pushrod 53 drives striker plate 52 to be moved, convenient to transport to rubbish.
It is provided with operation panel on 2 lateral wall of crushing tank, and is provided on operation panel and lifting cylinder 11, electromagnet 12, telescopic cylinder 13, air-heater 17, first vibrate the driving device of grate plate 18, the control valve on drainpipe 19, crush motor 21, the control valve and backgauge electricity on the discharge nozzle that the driving device of the second vibration grate plate 23, feeding fan 26, guide cover 28 connect The dynamic corresponding control button being electrically connected of push rod 53, it is convenient that control operation is carried out to the device by control button.
It is fixedly installed with bearing block on 2 inner wall of crushing tank, and the bearing in bearing block and 22 other end of spiral crushing shaft turn Dynamic connection, rotates convenient for spiral crushing shaft 22, crushes to rubbish.
It is provided with the through-hole being slidably connected with the piston rod of telescopic cylinder 13 on pretreatment 1 side wall of tank, facilitates piston rod machine Tool flexible sliding, and pretreatment tank 1 and 3 bottom of pyrolysis oven are provided with support frame, carry out to pretreatment tank 1 and pyrolysis oven 3 Support.
Working principle: in use, house refuse is poured into feed hopper 4, pretreatment tank 1 is entered by feed pipe 41 It is interior, the switch of the first vibration grate plate 18 is opened by control button on operation panel, to the house refuse on vibration grate plate 1 into Row vibration opens simultaneously the switch that water inlet pipe 16 connects water pump, is rinsed to house refuse, the filter that sewage passes through vibration grate plate The bottom of hole flow direction pretreatment tank 1, is discharged by drainpipe 19, opens the switch of air-heater 17, give rubbish by blast pipe 16 It carries out air-dried, is powered to electromagnet 12, control lifting cylinder 11 is gone up and down, and the eastern electromagnet 12 of band is gone up and down, and is adsorbed in rubbish The metal contained, treated, and rubbish is extended by the piston rod of control telescopic cylinder 13, and scraping wings 14 is pushed to push rubbish extremely At discharge port 51, control the switch of backgauge electric pushrod 53, striker plate 52 driven to rise, the rubbish of release by connecting tube 5 into Enter into crushing tank 2, open the switch for crushing motor 21, drive spiral crushing shaft 22 to rotate by motor shaft, to rubbish energy conservation Type crushes, and smashed rubbish carries out shaking-sieving by the second vibration grate plate 23, opens 28 bottom of guide cover and connects discharge nozzle The switch of upper control valve, the rubbish of crushing enter and carry out pyrolysis processing in pyrolysis oven 3, and the rubbish after screening is sent by opening The switch for expecting blower 26 absorbs rubbish by suction cover 24, and converying feeding tube 25 is conveyed, and falls in spiral vermicelli by discharge cover 27 It is crushed again on broken axis 22, facilitates carry out pyrolysis processing.
It is worth noting that: whole device realizes control to it by main control button, sets since control button is matched Standby is commonly used equipment, belongs to existing Changshu technology, details are not described herein its electrical connection and specific circuit structure.
While there has been shown and described that the embodiments of the present invention, for the ordinary skill in the art, It is understood that these embodiments can be carried out with a variety of variations in the case where not departing from the principles of the present invention and spirit, repaired Change, replacement and variant, the scope of the utility model is defined by the appended claims and the equivalents thereof.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system, including pretreatment tank (1), crushing tank (2), pyrolysis oven (3), feed hopper (4) With connecting tube (5), it is characterised in that: pretreatment tank (1) side is provided with crushing tank (2), and pre-processes the discharge port of tank (1) (51) it is connected with the feed inlet of crushing tank (2) by connecting tube (5), crushing tank (2) bottom is connected with pyrolysis oven by discharge nozzle (3), the feed inlet for pre-processing tank (1) is connected with feed hopper (4) by feed pipe (41), is pre-processed solid in tank (1) top inner wall Dingan County is equipped with lifting cylinder (11), and piston rod one end of lifting cylinder (11) is fixedly connected with electromagnet (12), pre-processes tank (1) It is inside provided with the first vibration grate plate (18), and the first vibration grate plate (18) setting is in the bottom of electromagnet (12), the first vibration castor One end is provided with scraping wings (14) at the top of plate (18), the side of scraping wings (14) and the fixed company of the piston rod of telescopic cylinder (13) It connects, the water inlet with water inlet pipe (15) cooperation is provided in pretreatment tank (1), pretreatment tank (1) is arranged in the bottom of water inlet There is the air inlet with blast pipe (16) cooperation, and blast pipe (16) is connected to the air outlet of air-heater (17);
It is provided with the second vibration grate plate (23) in crushing tank (2), is provided with spiral crushing shaft at the top of the second vibration grate plate (23) (22), the motor shaft of one end of spiral crushing shaft (22) and crushing motor (21) is rotatablely connected, and crushes setting on the outside of motor (21) There is motor cover, and motor cover is arranged on the lateral wall of crushing tank (2), one end is provided with suction at the top of the second vibration grate plate (23) It covers (24), suction cover (24) is connected with feeding fan (26) by converying feeding tube (25), and the discharge port of feeding fan (26) passes through Pipeline is connected with discharge cover (27), and discharge cover (27) setting is at the top of spiral crushing shaft (22).
2. a kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in crushing tank (2) Two vibration grate plate (23) bottoms are provided with guide cover (28), and guide cover (28) bottom is connected with discharge nozzle, and is arranged on discharge nozzle There is control valve, the opening of discharge nozzle is connected to the feed inlet of pyrolysis oven (3).
3. a kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: set on the outside of discharge port (51) It is equipped with striker plate (52), the top of striker plate (52) is fixedly connected with one end of backgauge electric pushrod (53), and backgauge is electronic pushes away Bar (53) is fixedly mounted on the lateral wall of pretreatment tank (1).
4. a kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: on crushing tank (2) inner wall It is fixedly installed with bearing block, and the bearing in bearing block and spiral crushing shaft (22) other end are rotatablely connected.
5. a kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: pretreatment tank (1) side wall On be provided with the through-hole being slidably connected with the piston rod of telescopic cylinder (13), and pre-process tank (1) and pyrolysis oven (3) bottom and be all provided with It is equipped with support frame.
CN201822144718.4U 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 A kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system Active CN209631792U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822144718.4U CN209631792U (en) 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 A kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201822144718.4U CN209631792U (en) 2018-12-20 2018-12-20 A kind of domestic garbage pyrolysis processing system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209631792U true CN209631792U (en) 2019-11-15

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111151557A (en) * 2020-01-21 2020-05-15 金诺言 Urban domestic environment-friendly garbage centralized treatment device
CN111589206A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-28 陈红平 Sewage and garbage classification treatment device
CN113426675A (en) * 2021-05-20 2021-09-24 李恩传 Earthworm pool dung separation and drying device capable of guaranteeing bottom layer humidity

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111151557A (en) * 2020-01-21 2020-05-15 金诺言 Urban domestic environment-friendly garbage centralized treatment device
CN111589206A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-28 陈红平 Sewage and garbage classification treatment device
CN113426675A (en) * 2021-05-20 2021-09-24 李恩传 Earthworm pool dung separation and drying device capable of guaranteeing bottom layer humidity

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