CN209482508U - The fixed fixture of the bolt of viscoelastic damper in damping device - Google Patents

The fixed fixture of the bolt of viscoelastic damper in damping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209482508U
CN209482508U CN201821759868.XU CN201821759868U CN209482508U CN 209482508 U CN209482508 U CN 209482508U CN 201821759868 U CN201821759868 U CN 201821759868U CN 209482508 U CN209482508 U CN 209482508U
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China
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plate
bolt
hole
fixture
fixed
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山本吉久
竹之内浩祐
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Sumitomo Technological Co Ltd
Sumitomo Riko Co Ltd
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Sumitomo Technological Co Ltd
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  • Buildings Adapted To Withstand Abnormal External Influences (AREA)
  • Vibration Dampers (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model provides the fixed fixture of bolt of the viscoelastic damper in damping device, wherein, installed between multiple vibration damper plates multiple when being bonded with that viscoelastic damper is made of viscoelastic body to assemble damping device between a pair of plate members, the bolt that can easily be done between plate and vibration damper plate is fixed.The fixed fixture of bolt (20) extends along the column of each second through hole of the second plate (12) of viscoelastic damper (10,10) adjacent in the lateral direction, and it is provided with multiple notch (21,21 ...) in position corresponding with each second through hole, multiple bolts (15) that each second through hole is inserted in from inside can be remained the posture orthogonal with the second plate (12) by multiple notch (21,21 ...).

Description

The fixed fixture of the bolt of viscoelastic damper in damping device
Technical field
The spiral shell that the utility model relates to use when to having used the damping device of multiple viscoelastic dampers to assemble The fixed fixture of bolt.
Background technique
Known use in the building by construction such as armored concrete in recent years is surrounded by pillar and beam Framework face in install damping device so that vibration when energy attenuation shock-damping structure.
The damping device is commonly used such as flowering structure: having the installed in a manner of being parallel to framework face to pillar or beam One vibration damper plate, the second damping for separating specified interval with the first vibration damper plate and being installed in a manner of parallel be arranged to beam or pillar Plate and Nian Jie with two vibration damper plates viscoelastic body between the first vibration damper plate and the second vibration damper plate.Especially in patent text It offers in 1, discloses following damping device: is as viscoelastic damper, a pair of cross-shaped overlapping in a thickness direction is long Viscoelastic body is bonded between rectangular plate and realizes the structure of blocking, is disposed in the first damping in multiple adjacent modes Between plate and the second vibration damper plate, and it is fixed by bolt.
Existing technical literature
Patent document
Patent document 1: Japanese Unexamined Patent Publication 2005-133533 bulletin
Utility model content
Utility model problem to be solved
In above-mentioned existing damping device, by viscoelastic damper be installed on the first vibration damper plate and the second vibration damper plate it Between in the case where, the plate of one side of viscoelastic damper is fixed to the first vibration damper plate by bolt, and by bolt will be another The plate of one side is fixed to the second vibration damper plate.At this point, although bolt of the plate to the first vibration damper plate side can be carried out without problems It is fixed, but plate becomes following operation to the bolt of the second vibration damper plate side is fixed: the second vibration damper plate is overlapped on the plate In the state of, make bolt from the outside of the second vibration damper plate through the second vibration damper plate and plate and is screwed into the inside setting of plate Nut, or twist bolt from inside through plate and the second vibration damper plate and in the outside of the second vibration damper plate Enter nut.
But if reducing the thickness of plate in order to reduce cost, nut is configured between plate and from outside and spiral shell The operation that bolt is fastenedly connected is more difficult, carries out the positioning of nut inherently very especially between adjacent viscoelastic damper It is difficult.
Thus, become makes bolt from the inside of plate through plate and the second vibration damper plate and from the second vibration damper plate in advance The operation that outside is fastenedly connected by nut, but at this point, the direction for the bolt for running through plate and protruding outward generates partially Difference and be not fixed, keep the operation of the through hole of all the second vibration damper plates of bolt-through more difficult, need to spend time and effort.
Fixture is used in this regard, fixing fixture the purpose of this utility model is to provide bolt and fixing using the bolt Damping device assemble method, wherein between multiple vibration damper plates in the framework face for being installed on building, install it is multiple one When assembling damping device, it can easily be done plate to viscoelastic damper made of viscoelastic body is bonded between plate Bolt between vibration damper plate is fixed.
The method for solving problem
To achieve the goals above, technology contents documented by scheme 1 are related to the viscoelastic damping in a kind of damping device The fixed fixture of the bolt of device,
Damping device includes multiple viscoelastic dampers, the first vibration damper plate and the second vibration damper plate, wherein
Viscoelastic damper has extension in a first direction and both ends in a first direction are respectively provided with first and run through First plate in hole upwardly extends and Chong Die with the first plate and in second direction two in the second party orthogonal with first direction End be respectively provided with the second through hole the second plate and between the lap of the first plate and the second plate and with two The viscoelastic body of plate bonding, multiple viscoelastic dampers are configured adjacently in a first direction and/or in second direction,
First vibration damper plate has the first mounting portion extended to a side of first direction, the first plate of each viscoelastic damper Part or the second plate are bolted on the first vibration damper plate via the first through hole or the second through hole,
Second vibration damper plate has the second mounting portion extended to another party of first direction, the second vibration damper plate and the first damping Plate configures in parallel, and the second plate or the first plate of each viscoelastic damper pass through via the second through hole or the first through hole Bolt is fixed on the second vibration damper plate,
First plate of each viscoelastic damper or the second plate are being fixed on the first vibration damper plate or by bolt In the state of two vibration damper plates, it is bolted on the second vibration damper plate or the first vibration damper plate by the second plate or the first plate When, using the fixed fixture of bolt,
The fixed fixture of bolt is characterized in that,
The fixed fixture of bolt is along second of adjacent multiple viscoelastic dampers in second direction or first direction The column of each second through hole or each first through hole of plate or the first plate extend, and with each second through hole or each the The corresponding position of pass through aperture is provided with bolt maintaining part, which can will be inserted in each second through hole from inside Or multiple bolts of each first through hole remain the posture orthogonal with the second plate or the first plate.
Technology contents documented by scheme 2 are characterized in that, on the basis of the structure of scheme 1, bolt maintaining part is point The position corresponding with each second through hole or each first through hole that is not formed in the long side along the column and can be for bolt The chimeric multiple notch of axle portion.
Technology contents documented by scheme 3 are characterized in that on the basis of the structure of scheme 1 or scheme 2, bolt is fixed Have in the state of keeping each bolt with fixture from the first vibration damper plate and the second vibration damper plate to second direction or first direction Protruding portion outstanding.
Technology contents documented by scheme 4 are characterized in that on the basis of the structure of scheme 1 to scheme 3, bolt is fixed Include: the first fixture with fixture, extends along the first row of each second through hole or each first through hole and have bolt holding Portion;And second fixture, prolong along the secondary series with first row adjacent each second through hole or each first through hole in parallel It stretches and has bolt maintaining part.
Technology contents documented by scheme 5 are characterized in that, on the basis of the structure of scheme 4, the first fixture and second Fixture can be dismounted mutually.
Technology contents documented by scheme 6 are characterized in that on the basis of the structure of scheme 1 to scheme 5, bolt is fixed The positioning region engaged to the first vibration damper plate or the second vibration damper plate is also equipped with fixture.
Technology contents documented by scheme 7 are characterized in that on the basis of the structure of scheme 1 to scheme 6, bolt is fixed Has multistage bolt maintaining part on mutually different side with fixture.
To achieve the goals above, technology contents documented by scheme 8 are related to a kind of assemble method of damping device, damping Device includes multiple viscoelastic dampers, the first vibration damper plate and the second vibration damper plate, wherein
Viscoelastic damper has extension in a first direction and both ends in a first direction are respectively provided with first and run through First plate in hole upwardly extends and Chong Die with the first plate and in second direction two in the second party orthogonal with first direction End be respectively provided with the second through hole the second plate and between the lap of the first plate and the second plate and with two The viscoelastic body of plate bonding, multiple viscoelastic dampers are configured adjacently in a first direction and/or in second direction,
First vibration damper plate has the first mounting portion extended to a side of first direction, the first plate of each viscoelastic damper Part or the second plate are bolted on the first vibration damper plate via the first through hole or the second through hole,
Second vibration damper plate has the second mounting portion extended to another party of first direction, the second vibration damper plate and the first damping Plate configures in parallel, and the second plate or the first plate of each viscoelastic damper pass through via the second through hole or the first through hole Bolt is fixed on the second vibration damper plate,
The assemble method of damping device is characterised by comprising:
First step will in the state that bolt is inserted into each second through hole or each first through hole from inside respectively The first plate or the second plate of each viscoelastic damper are bolted on the first vibration damper plate or the second vibration damper plate;And
Second plate or the first plate are bolted on the second vibration damper plate or the first vibration damper plate by the second step,
In the second step, viscoplasticity resistance of the operational version 1 either into scheme 7 in damping device documented by case The fixed fixture of the bolt of Buddhist nun's device will be kept from each bolt that inside is inserted in each second through hole or each first through hole respectively For the posture orthogonal with the second plate or the first plate, set each bolt-through on the second vibration damper plate or the first vibration damper plate After each through hole set, bolt is fixed and is removed with fixture, nut is fastenedly connected on each bolt.
Utility model effect
According to the utility model, between multiple vibration damper plates in the framework face for being installed on building, install multiple in a pair Viscoelastic damper made of viscoelastic body is bonded between plate to carry out making bolt from plate when assembling damping device Feelings of the inside through plate and the second vibration damper plate and the process being fastenedly connected from the outside of the second vibration damper plate by nut Under condition, using the fixed fixture of bolt, the bolt that can be will pass through plate and protrude outward remains the appearance orthogonal with plate Gesture.Thereby, it is possible to which all bolts are inserted in the through hole of vibration damper plate in a short time, can easily be done plate with The bolt of vibration damper plate is fixed.
In particular, the technology contents according to documented by scheme 2 are used by fixing bolt on the basis of the above effect The bolt maintaining part of fixture be set as being respectively formed in the long side along the column with each second through hole or each first through hole Corresponding position and the multiple notch that can be fitted into for the axle portion of bolt, can simply form bolt maintaining part, additionally it is possible to hold It changes places and carries out the dismounting of axle portion.
In particular, the technology contents according to documented by scheme 3, on the basis of the above effect, bolt fixation have with fixture Have outstanding prominent from the first vibration damper plate and the second vibration damper plate to second direction or first direction in the state of keeping each bolt Portion out, therefore the disassembly of the fixed fixture of bolt after nut to be temporarily fixed on to each bolt becomes easy, operability becomes It obtains better.
In particular, the technology contents according to documented by scheme 4, on the basis of the above effect, the fixed fixture packet of bolt Include the first fixture, the Yi Jiyan for extending and having bolt maintaining part along the first row of each second through hole or each first through hole Extend with the secondary series of first row adjacent each second through hole or each first through hole in parallel and have bolt maintaining part The second fixture, can once keep two column bolts with fixture by the way that bolt is fixed, operating efficiency is good.
In particular, the technology contents according to documented by scheme 5, on the basis of the above effect, the fixed fixture of bolt First fixture and the second fixture can be dismounted mutually, therefore, can according to need and be used alone separation after the first fixture and Second fixture, can also combine both use, and ease of use becomes more good.
In particular, the technology contents according to documented by scheme 6, on the basis of the above effect, bolt are fixed with fixture also Have the positioning region engaged to the first vibration damper plate or the second vibration damper plate, is thus easy to carry out the fixed fixture of bolt to appropriate location Setting, it can be expected that the raising of operating efficiency.
In particular, the technology contents according to documented by scheme 7, on the basis of the above effect, the fixed fixture of bolt exist Has multistage bolt maintaining part on mutually different side, direction when thus using becomes flexibly, and ease of use becomes more Well.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the explanatory diagram of middle plate, and (A) in Fig. 1 indicates front, and (B) in Fig. 1 indicates bottom surface.
Fig. 2 is the explanatory diagram of viscoelastic damper, and (A) in Fig. 2 indicates front, and (B) in Fig. 2 indicates bottom surface.
Fig. 3 is the main view for indicating to configure viscoelastic damper on middle plate and carry out the first plate the fixed state of bolt Figure.
Fig. 4 is the main view of the fixed fixture of bolt.
Fig. 5 is the explanation that bolt is inserted into the second plate from inside and fixes the state kept with fixture with bolt Scheme, (A) in Fig. 5 indicates front, and (B) in Fig. 5 indicates side.
Fig. 6 is the enlarged drawing of the bolt holding part in Fig. 5 in (B).
Fig. 7 is the explanatory diagram for the state for indicating overlapping side plate and nut being temporarily fixed on to bolt, and (A) in Fig. 7 is indicated Front, (B) in Fig. 7 indicate side.
Fig. 8 is the enlarged drawing that nut in Fig. 7 in (B) is fixed temporarily part.
Fig. 9 is to indicate by the explanatory diagram of the fixed state removed with fixture and formally fasten nut of bolt, in Fig. 9 (A) front is indicated, (B) in Fig. 9 indicates side.
Figure 10 is to be equipped with the partial side view of the damping device of side plate in the two sides of middle plate.
Figure 11 is the main view of the fixed fixture of bolt of variation.
Figure 12 is indicated using the main view of the fixed state for keeping bolt with fixture of the bolt of variation.
Figure 13 is the main view of the fixed fixture of bolt of variation, (A) in Figure 13 indicate be formed with up and down it is identical The example of notch, (B) in Figure 13 are indicated in the example for being formed with different incisions up and down.
Figure 14 is indicated using the partial side view of the fixed state for keeping bolt with fixture of the bolt of variation.
Description of symbols
1: middle plate (the first vibration damper plate);2: lower mounting portion (the first mounting portion);3: threaded hole;4: side plate (the second damping Plate);5: upper mounting portion (the second mounting portion);6: through hole;10: viscoelastic damper;11: the first plates;11a: the first runs through Hole;12: the second plates;12a: the second through hole;13: viscoelastic body;14,15: bolt;16: head;17: axle portion;18: nut; 20,20A~20E: the fixed fixture of bolt;21,21a: notch (bolt maintaining part);22: protruding portion;23: upside fixture (first Fixture);24: downside fixture (the second fixture);25: engaging portion;26: protrusion;27: recess portion;28: linking part;29: hooking sheet;30: Bolt maintaining part;40: damping device.
Specific embodiment
Hereinafter, being illustrated based on attached drawing to the embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 1 is the explanatory diagram to form the middle plate 1 of damping device, and (A) in Fig. 1 indicates front, and (B) in Fig. 1 indicates bottom Face.In the steel plate of lengthwise rectangular shape when plate 1 is front observation in this, downside is vertically equipped with multiple studs (not shown) and forms For the lower mounting portion 2 being installed in concrete construction, and plate 1 in this is arranged along the vertical direction.Here, being omitted for viscous The threaded hole of elastic damper installation.Aftermentioned side plate 4 (Fig. 7) also has size identical with middle plate 1 and shape, but thickness Plate 1 is thin than in, and the upside of the side plate 4 is vertically equipped with multiple studs (not shown) and becomes and be installed in concrete construction Upper mounting portion 5.Here, the up and down direction of (A) in Fig. 1 is first direction, left and right directions is second direction.
Fig. 2 is the explanatory diagram of viscoelastic damper 10, and (A) in Fig. 2 indicates front, and (B) in Fig. 2 indicates bottom surface.
The viscoelastic damper 10 has two boards part, i.e. first being made of the steel plate of rectangular shaped when the observation of front Plate 11 and the second plate 12 and between two boards part 11,12 and the viscoplasticity Nian Jie with two boards part 11,12 Body 13.The size of the longitudinal direction of second plate 12 be greater than the first plate 11 longitudinal direction size, thickness be again formed as compared with It is thick.Here, the second plate 12 of longitudinal direction towards left and right directions is overlapped longitudinal direction towards upper and lower cross-shapedly To the first plate 11 on, and its lap be bonded with front observation when rectangular shaped viscoelastic body 13.From again The both ends of the longitudinal direction of folded part the first plate 11 outstanding, along short side be respectively formed with the first through hole 11a of a pair, 11a is similarly respectively formed with one also along short side at the both ends of the longitudinal direction from lap the second plate 12 outstanding To second through hole 12a, 12a.
In middle plate 1 between the Chong Die a pair of side plates 4,4 in its thickness direction two sides, divide in above-below direction with left and right directions An Zhuan not be there are two the viscoelastic damper 10, there are four viscoelastic dampers 10 for installation in total, to be assembled into damping device. Hereinafter, the assemble method to damping device is described in detail.
Firstly, as shown in figure 3, configuring four viscoplasticity resistances up and down on the upside of the front for being set as longitudinal middle plate 1 Buddhist nun's device 10,10 ....At this point, be configured in viscoelastic damper 10,10 adjacent along the vertical direction, the first plate 11,11 it Between it is continuous along the vertical direction, in viscoelastic damper 10,10 adjacent in left-right direction, along a left side between the second plate 12,12 Right direction is continuous.In addition, though it is in Fig. 3 and not shown, but at this stage, as shown in fig. 6, in advance by bolt 15,15 ... So that 13 side of viscoelastic body is inserted into axle portion 17 from the inside of the second plate 12 as head 16 respectively and makes it from the second plate 12 modes outstanding are inserted in second through hole 12a, 12a of each second plate 12.
In this state, bolt 14,14 is from top through the upper and lower ends of the first plate 11 of each viscoelastic damper 10 First through hole 11a, 11a, and be screwed into the threaded hole 3,3 (Fig. 6) being arranged on Yu Zhong plate 1.As a result, first by each One plate 11 is fixed on middle plate 1 (first step).
Here, if being only using bolt 15,15 ... so that 13 side of viscoelastic body is as head 16 and from the second plate 12 Inside is inserted into axle portion 17 respectively and it is made to be inserted in the second through hole of each second plate 12 from the mode outstanding of the second plate 12 12a, 12a, then deviation, not all axis can be generated from the direction of the axle portion 17 of each bolt 15 outstanding of the second plate 12 Portion 17 all becomes the posture orthogonal with the second plate 12, therefore is difficult to be overlapped side plate 4 in this state and is inserted into corresponding run through In hole 6 (Fig. 8).Then, as shown in Figure 5, Figure 6, fixture 20 is used using bolt is fixed herein.
As shown in figure 4, the fixed left and right width for being greater than middle plate 1 with the overall length that fixture 20 is longitudinal direction of the bolt is band-like Plate, such as formed by resin or metal.What is opened on the outside of bolt is fixed in the long side for using a side of fixture 20, is formed with is in The notch 21,21 ... of C-shaped, the notch 21,21 ... be fixed on middle plate 1 and along the viscoelastic damper of left-right situs 10,10 The position consistency of second through hole 12a, 12a ... of second plate 12,12, can be chimeric for the axle portion 17 of bolt 15.
As shown in figure 5, keep the bolt fixed with the second plate 12 of fixture 20 and the viscoelastic damper 10,10 of left and right, 12 upper surface (outer surface) abuts and configures in left-right direction, make each notch 21 with from the second plate 12,12 axle portions outstanding 17,17 ... is chimeric.In this way, also be supported with fixture 20 to each bolt 15 as shown in fig. 6, being bolted, axle portion 17 It is maintained as the posture orthogonal with the second plate 12.As long as arranging in left-right direction up and down in second plate 12,12 The column of each bolt 15,15 ... carry out passing through four fixed fixtures of bolt based on the fixed holding for using fixture 20 of the bolt respectively 20,20 ... may make the axle portion 17 of all bolts 15 to become the orthogonal thereto shape ground state outstanding from the second plate 12.
As shown in Figure 7, Figure 8, in this state, in the position being staggered upwards relative to middle plate 1, from each viscoelastic damping The top of device 10,10 ... is overlapped side plate 4, and the axle portion 17 of each bolt 15 is made to be applied in the through hole 6,6 ... being arranged on side plate 4, Nut 18,18 ... is temporarily fixed on each axle portion 17 by the outside of side plate 4.
Then, removed from each bolt 15 with fixture 20 by bolt is fixed, and from the second plate 12,12 ... and side plate 4 it Between extract the fixed fixture 20 of the bolt.Each bolt is fixed to have with fixture 20 and be formed therefrom in the state of keeping bolt 15 The length of the left and right of plate 1 protruding portion 22,22 outstanding, therefore can easily be done the fixed use of bolt using the protruding portion 22 The disassembly of fixture 20.
Finally, nut 18 is formally fastened on each bolt 15, as shown in figure 9, the second plate of each viscoelastic damper 10 Part 12 is fixed with side plate 4 by bolt 15, and side plate 4 links (the second work via the front of viscoelastic damper 10 and middle plate 1 Sequence).
On the other hand, on the back side of middle plate 1 similarly, four viscoelastics are configured in the state that middle plate 1 turns over Property damper 10,10 ..., each first plate 11 is fixed on middle plate 1 (first step) by bolt 14 first.At this point, in advance By the position of the first through hole 11a and threaded hole 3 to the left and right either one be staggered so that the bolt 14 of back side in front The fixed bolt 14 of first plate 11 is not generated interference by side.In addition, at this stage, making bolt 15 from the second plate 12 in advance Inside is through the second through hole 12a and protrudes outward.
By bolt will the first plate 11 it is fixed after, being used in the same manner that bolt is fixed will be from the second plate 12 with fixture 20 Inside is through the second through hole 12a and outwardly projecting bolt 15 remains orthogonal posture.
Then, it is overlapped the side plate 4 of opposite side and makes bolt 15 through each through hole 6, be fixed temporarily after nut 18, tear open Except the fixed fixture 20 of bolt and (the second step) is formally fastened to nut 18.
As a result, as shown in Figure 10, it also is linked with side plate 4 via viscoelastic damper 10 at the back side of middle plate 1, is obtained Accompany the damping device 40 of multiple viscoelastic dampers 10,10 ... respectively between a pair of side plates 4,4 of plate 1 in clamping.
In this way, according to the fixed assemble method for using fixture 20 and damping device 40 of the bolt of aforesaid way, it is solid in bolt Fixed to be provided with bolt maintaining part (notch 21) with the position corresponding with each second through hole 12a in fixture 20, which keeps Portion's (notch 21) can remain the multiple bolts 15 for being inserted in each second through hole 12a from inside orthogonal with the second plate 12 Posture, therefore, the first step in being fixed on the first plate 11 of each viscoelastic damper 10 by bolt 14 on plate 1 Later, second plate 12 is being fixed in the second step of side plate 4 by bolt 15, can be being implemented as follows: It is inserted in each second through hole 12a from inside by bolt 15 respectively, uses fixture 20 by each bolt 15 of insertion using bolt is fixed The posture orthogonal with the second plate 12 is remained, each bolt 15 is applied in after each through hole 6 being arranged on side plate 4, removes Bolt is fixed to use fixture 20, and nut 18 is fastenedly connected on each bolt 15.Thereby, it is possible in a short time by all bolts 15 are inserted in each through hole 6 of side plate 4, and the bolt that can easily be done the second plate 12 and side plate 4 is fixed.
In particular, herein bolt maintaining part is set as being respectively formed in corresponding with each second through hole 12a in long side Position and can be for the chimeric multiple notch 21 respectively of axle portion 17 of bolt 15, therefore bolt maintaining part can be simply formed, The handling of axle portion 17 can also be easy to carry out.
In addition, bolt is fixed to have in the state of keeping to each bolt 15 therefrom plate 1 and side plate 4 with fixture 20 Protruding portion 22,22 outstanding in the lateral direction, therefore the fixed use of bolt after nut 18 to be temporarily fixed on to each bolt 15 The disassembly of fixture 20 becomes easy, and operability becomes more good.Wherein, which can be not provided in both ends, can be with It is only arranged at any end.
In addition, bolt it is fixed use fixture be not limited to as aforesaid way as bolt maintaining part and have with along a left side The structure of the corresponding column notch 21,21 ... of the second through hole of column 12a, a 12a ... of right direction arrangement.
For example, bolt as shown in figure 11 is fixed such with fixture 20A, can be set to by upside fixture 23, downside fixture 24 and up and down direction engaging portion 25,25 constitute frame shape, wherein upside fixture 23 upside long side have with upper Side arrangement the corresponding notch 21,21 ... of the second through hole of column 12a, a 12a ..., downside fixture 24 downside long side have with In the corresponding notch 21,21 ... of the second through hole of column 12a, a 12a ... of downside arrangement, engaging portion 25,25 is by upside fixture 23 It is connected with the left and right end portions of downside fixture 24.
In this way, according to including extending along the first row of each second through hole 12a and being kept upper to each bolt 15 Side fixture 23 and along the secondary series with first row adjacent each second through hole 12a in parallel extend and to each bolt 15 Bolt made of the downside fixture 24 kept is fixed to use fixture 20A, by a bolt is fixed can one with fixture 20A The bolt 15,15 ... of two column above and below secondary holding, operating efficiency is good.
In addition, fixing in the bolt in fixture 20A, the engaging portion 25,25 of left and right is divided into two parts up and down, passes through It is set to protrusion 26 and the Qian He for the recess portion 27 for being set to another party of a side, is combined in a detachable fashion.
In this way, can according to need and independent if upside fixture 23 and downside fixture 24 are set as mutually dismounting Using the upside fixture 23 and downside fixture 24 after separation, use can also be combined both, ease of use becomes more Add good.
In addition, can not be frame shape without dividing up and down, it can be and be formed with notch below upper 21, the horizontally long rectangular slab of 21 ... column.
Further, bolt as shown in figure 12 is fixed such with fixture 20B, the multiple bolts being arranged above and below can be consolidated Surely linked with the linking part 28 between the protruding portion 22 of the one end of fixture 20,20 ... by up and down direction.Such one Come, all bolts can be fixed by linking part 28 and once pulled out with fixture 20,20 ... after being fixed temporarily nut 18 Under.The linking part 28 can also be arranged seperatedly and be set as to dismount relative to protruding portion 22.
In addition to this, the bolt as shown in (A) of Figure 13 is fixed with fixture 20C, can also formed below up and down The column of symmetrical notch 21,21 ....If having two sections of bolt maintaining parts on mutually different side like this, appoint in upper and lower It is able to use on one direction, therefore direction when use becomes flexibly, ease of use becomes more good.
In addition, the bolt as shown in (B) of Figure 13 is fixed with fixture 20D, it can be different from diameter in following formation Corresponding and of different sizes notch 21a, the 21a ... of bolt 15 column.It, can also for the fixed fixture of bolt of the frame shape of Figure 11 The structure of the two-period form is used with the top of the following and downside fixture 24 relative to upside fixture 23.In addition, be not limited to will not Notch with diameter is divided into upper following mode, and different-diameter can also be arranged in a row in left-right direction on same side Notch.
In this way, as long as the bolt maintaining part based on notch 21 and the bolt maintaining part based on notch 21a that form multiple row, lead to The different multiple damping devices 40 of the fixed diameter for just coping with used bolt 15 with fixture 20D of a bolt are crossed, are made Become well with convenience, and fixed manufacturing cost, the managerial trouble for using fixture 20D of bolt can also be reduced.
In addition, in aforesaid way and each modification commonly, the shape of notch is not limited to inverted-C, as long as can protect The axle portion of bolt is held, also can be set to U-shaped, keyhole etc..
Moreover, be not limited to be provided with the structure for the notch for keeping the axle portion of bolt as the fixed fixture of bolt, It is contemplated that the fixed structure as fixture 20E of bolt as shown in figure 14, as relative to the second plate vertically arranged 12,12 and be arranged and be formed with and the upper end of the second plate 12 of upside and downside in upper and lower side along the vertical direction inwardly The band plate-like for the hooking sheet 29,29 that the lower end of second plate 12 engages respectively, in hooking sheet 29,29 and the second upper and lower plate 12 In the state of locking, have the inside of the second plate 12 vertically extend and as spacer each bolt 15 head Chimeric bolt maintaining part 30 between portion 16 and middle plate 1.In this case, bolt maintaining part 30 but also each head 16 from inside It is abutted with the second plate 12, axle portion 17 is thus made to become orthogonal posture relative to the second plate 12.
In addition, fixed in fixture 20E in the bolt, can also when upper and lower ends form front observation therefrom plate 1 with And side plate 4 becomes easy the disassembly after being fixed temporarily to side protruding portion outstanding, it can also be relative in left and right Have on head 16 between viscoelastic damper 10,10 along the column of multiple bolts 15 of the adjacent up and down direction in left and right Two bolt maintaining parts 30,30 chimeric respectively between plate 1.In this case, can also make two bolt maintaining parts 30,30 with Removable mode is combined.
Moreover, it is fixed in fixture 20 and 20A~20E in each bolt, can also it kept appropriate to bolt 15 The positioning region engaged with middle plate 1 or side plate 4 is arranged in position.As the positioning region, it may be considered that as in the fixed fixture of bolt The protrusions such as the pin of upper setting and the structure for engaging the protrusion with recess portion, the through-hole being arranged on middle plate or side plate.In addition, can also Protrusion and setting recess portion or through-hole on the fixed fixture of bolt to be arranged on middle plate or side plate.
In this way, being easy to carry out the fixed fixture of bolt to appropriate position if being equipped with positioning region on the fixed fixture of bolt The setting set, it can be expected that the raising of operating efficiency.
In addition to this, the quantity of viscoelastic damper, configuration are not limited to aforesaid way, can increase and decrease quantity up and down It is configured, the first plate can also be configured in left-right direction and configures the second plate along the vertical direction, and in the second work In sequence, by left-right direction or the fixed fixture of bolt that is arranged of up and down direction to the upper and lower side in the second plate from interior pleurapophysis Bolt out is kept.
Alternatively, it is also possible to be, in first step, the second plate bolt is fixed on middle plate via the second through hole On, and in the second step, the first plate bolt is fixed on side plate via the first through hole with fixture using bolt is fixed On.In this case, it is also possible to for the second plate to be set as any direction of left and right directions or up and down direction, the first plate is set For any direction of orthogonal to that up and down direction or left and right directions.
Further, in the above method, illustrate that viscoelastic damper and side plate are installed in each face for middle plate one by one The step of, still, as long as then assemble method is not limited to above-mentioned using the fixed operation kept with fixture to bolt of bolt Mode, for example, can be set as passing through bolt respectively for viscoelastic damping in the state that the inside from the second plate is inserted with bolt First plate of device is fixed on each face of middle plate, and is being bolted respectively with fixture to from each face of the second plate The sequence etc. that the bolt of inside insertion is respectively fixed a pair of side plates by bolt and nut in the state of being kept. Especially in this case, it also can be set to not by the position for changing the first through hole and threaded hole and respectively by not With bolt come first plate on the two sides of plate in fixing, but pass through two the first plates perforative one of plate in clamping Bolt and nut are fixed.
Moreover, in the above method, becoming and being provided with an opposite side via viscoelastic damper on two faces of middle plate The damping device of plate, but damping device is not limited thereto, and the utility model can be also useful on the single face of a middle plate The structure of a side plate is provided with via viscoelastic damper.
Alternatively, it is also possible to be, the upside of first vibration damper plate such as middle plate is the downside of second vibration damper plates such as mounting portion and side plate For mounting portion.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of fixed fixture of bolt (20,20A~20E) of the viscoelastic damper (10) in damping device (40),
The damping device (40) includes multiple viscoelastic dampers (10), the first vibration damper plate (1) and the second vibration damper plate (4), Wherein,
The viscoelastic damper (10), which has, to be extended in a first direction and is respectively provided at the both ends of the first direction The first plate (11) of first through hole (11a) is upwardly extended in the second party orthogonal with the first direction and with described One plate (11) overlapping and the both ends of the second direction be respectively provided with the second through hole (12a) the second plate (12), And between the lap of first plate (11) and second plate (12) and Nian Jie with two plates (11,12) Viscoelastic body (13), the multiple viscoelastic damper (10) is adjacent on the first direction and/or the second direction to match It sets,
First vibration damper plate (1) has the first mounting portion (2) extended to a side of the first direction, each viscoplasticity First plate (11) of damper (10) or second plate (12) are via first through hole (11a) or described Two through holes (12a) are fixed on first vibration damper plate (1) by bolt (14,15),
Second vibration damper plate (4) has the second mounting portion (5) extended to another party of the first direction, and described second subtracts Shake plate (4) configures in parallel with first vibration damper plate (1), second plate (12) of each viscoelastic damper (10) Or first plate (11) passes through bolt (14,15) via second through hole (12a) or first through hole (11a) It is fixed on second vibration damper plate (4),
First plate (11) of each viscoelastic damper (10) or second plate (12) are being passed through into bolt (14,15) and be fixed in the state of first vibration damper plate (1) or second vibration damper plate (4), by second plate (12) or first plate (11) passes through bolt (14,15) and is fixed on second vibration damper plate (4) or first vibration damper plate (1) when on, using the fixed fixture of the bolt (20,20A~20E),
The fixed fixture of bolt (20,20A~20E) is characterized in that,
The fixed fixture of bolt (20,20A~20E) is along adjacent more in the second direction or the first direction Second plate (12) of a viscoelastic damper (10) or each second through hole of first plate (11) (12a) or the column of each first through hole (11a) extend, and with each second through hole (12a) or each described the The corresponding position of pass through aperture (11a) is provided with bolt maintaining part (21,21a, 30), bolt maintaining part (21, the 21a, 30) energy Multiple bolts (14,15) of each second through hole (12a) or each first through hole (11a) will be enough inserted in from inside Remain the posture orthogonal with second plate (12) or the first plate (11).
2. the viscoelastic damper (10) in damping device (40) according to claim 1 the fixed fixture of bolt (20, 20A~20D), which is characterized in that
The bolt maintaining part (21,21a) be respectively formed in the long side along the column with each second through hole (12a) or the corresponding position of each first through hole (11a) and can for the axle portion (17) of the bolt (14,15) be fitted into Multiple notch.
3. the fixed fixture of bolt of the viscoelastic damper (10) in damping device (40) according to claim 1 or 2 (20,20A~20D), which is characterized in that
The fixed fixture of bolt (20,20A~20D) has in the state of keeping each bolt (14,15) from described First vibration damper plate (1) and second vibration damper plate (4) Xiang Suoshu second direction or first direction protruding portion outstanding (22)。
4. the fixed fixture of bolt of the viscoelastic damper (10) in damping device (40) according to claim 1 or 2 (20A), which is characterized in that
The fixed fixture of bolt (20A) includes:
First fixture (23) extends along the first row of each second through hole (12a) or each first through hole (11a) And have the bolt maintaining part (21,21a);And
Second fixture (24), along with the first row adjacent each second through hole (12a) or each described in parallel The secondary series of pass through aperture (11a) extends and has the bolt maintaining part (21,21a).
5. the fixed fixture of bolt of the viscoelastic damper (10) in damping device (40) according to claim 4 (20A), which is characterized in that
First fixture (23) and second fixture (24) can be dismounted mutually.
6. the fixed fixture of bolt of the viscoelastic damper (10) in damping device (40) according to claim 1 or 2 (20,20A~20E), which is characterized in that
The bolt fixation is also equipped with fixture (20,20A~20E) to first vibration damper plate (1) or second vibration damper plate (4) positioning region engaged.
7. the fixed fixture of bolt of the viscoelastic damper (10) in damping device (40) according to claim 1 or 2 (20C, 20D), which is characterized in that
The fixed fixture of bolt (20C, 20D) have on mutually different side bolt maintaining part described in multistage (21, 21a)。
CN201821759868.XU 2017-10-30 2018-10-29 The fixed fixture of the bolt of viscoelastic damper in damping device Active CN209482508U (en)

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JP2017209511A JP2019082039A (en) 2017-10-30 2017-10-30 Bolt securing fixture of viscoelastic damper on vibration damping device and assembly method thereof
JP2017-209511 2017-10-30

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114250881A (en) * 2022-01-17 2022-03-29 南京林业大学 '5 + 4' orthogonal viscoelastic damping device
CN115388114A (en) * 2022-08-18 2022-11-25 浙江慧昇流体设备有限公司 High-rigidity damping composite base

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114250881A (en) * 2022-01-17 2022-03-29 南京林业大学 '5 + 4' orthogonal viscoelastic damping device
CN115388114A (en) * 2022-08-18 2022-11-25 浙江慧昇流体设备有限公司 High-rigidity damping composite base

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TWM577047U (en) 2019-04-21

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