CN209474599U - Multipurpose physiology-detecting system - Google Patents

Multipurpose physiology-detecting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209474599U
CN209474599U CN201820218131.0U CN201820218131U CN209474599U CN 209474599 U CN209474599 U CN 209474599U CN 201820218131 U CN201820218131 U CN 201820218131U CN 209474599 U CN209474599 U CN 209474599U
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finger
physiology
shell
user
electrode
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CN201820218131.0U
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周常安
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周常安
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Priority to CN201820218131.0U priority Critical patent/CN209474599U/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2019/074386 external-priority patent/WO2019154312A1/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting systems, wherein, in one embodiment, the multipurpose physiology-detecting system can be in being set on finger, and physiology monitoring is carried out during sleeping, to understand the physiologic information during sleep, in addition, also it can be set to the other parts of body by another wear structure, and then obtains other physiologic informations.Furthermore in another embodiment, which be applied in biofeedback program, to allow user to carry out body and mind by way of self-consciousness regulation and loosen, and then achieve the effect that improve sleep quality.

Description

Multipurpose physiology-detecting system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of multipurpose physiology detection apparatus and systems, and in particular, being related to one kind can be through making User selects and is set to different physical feelings, to obtain the physiological signal of the same race of different parts, and/or obtain variety classes life Signal is managed, and can be applied to the multipurpose physiology detection apparatus and system of different field.
Background technique
The physiology detection apparatus of wearing form is becoming increasingly popular, and is incorporated in the daily life of modern gradually.
For example, the physiological monitoring device of Wrist wearable type is exactly fairly common now and universal wearable physiological detection dress It sets, many people can wear in daily life, be extensively for example, with changes in heart rate or the activity situation etc. that record itself A kind of wearing form received by consumer;In addition, when during applying to movement, upper arm wearable formats be also frequently with Mode, other than it can cooperate music, the movement also because of wrist shaking is in contrast larger, if necessary record activity feelings When shape, upper arm can be more impregnable position;Furthermore also there is the physiological monitoring device of ear-wearing type, for example, in conjunction with earphone Form, to allow user that can obtain naturally physiological signal in the behavior of daily life.In addition, the physiology monitoring during sleep It equally also gets more and more attention, for example, existing wrist wears device and/or refers to the sleep matter worn during device is used to detecting sleep Amount.In addition, also there is more and more biofeedbacks to apply the demand for realizing its physiological detection using object wearing device.
Difference based on everyone demand, it is possible to which single device can satisfy the use demand, it is also possible to need multiple Device detects a variety of different physiological signals, and when there are many demand, user mostly can only buy more phase in response to different demands Corresponding physiology detection apparatus causes the increase of cost, or makes a choice from numerous demands, only buys selected physiology Detection device, so that required physiologic information can not be obtained comprehensively.
Therefore, if being capable of providing a kind of multipurpose physiology detection apparatus, user is allowed to be set to according to different demands Different physical feelings correspondingly to obtain different physiological signals, and then can be detected during different uses, and/ Or carrying out different physiological detection or application program will be for consumers more cost effective selection.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of multipurpose physiology detection apparatus and systems, utilize single shell It can reach and obtain the effect of physiologic information in body different location, have cost effect.
The another object of the utility model is to provide a kind of multipurpose physiology detection apparatus, passes through physiology sensing element Allocation position design, and the effect of physiological signal can be obtained even if being arranged at different body positions also by being achieved in.
A further object of the utility model is to provide a kind of multipurpose physiology detection apparatus, by tying from different wearings Structure combines and may be placed at the different location of body, and then obtains different physiological signals.
A further object of the utility model is to provide a kind of multipurpose physiology detection apparatus, uses wearing form and can It is used during sleep and/or during biofeedback, user is helped to understand the sleep physiology state of itself and/or carry out self Consciousness regulation.
The utility model provides a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system, to carry out physiology monitoring during sleep, comprising: One physiology signal capturing unit a, comprising: shell;One physiology signal capturing circuit, is at least partly placed among the shell;With And an optical sensor, it is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and be set to the surface of the shell;One finger wears structure, to It is set on the finger of a user;And an another wear structure, to the user other than upper limb where the hand One another body part combines, wherein shell tool can selectively refer to this wears structure and another wear structure One of them is combined;Wherein, when the shell is when this refers to that wearing structure combines, which, which is arranged at, can contact the hand The position of finger, to obtain the blood physiology signal of the user from the finger, further to learn that blood oxygen concentration changes;And it should Blood oxygen concentration variation be used to analyze breathing situation of the user during sleep, using as provide relevant sleep respiratory disorder The foundation of SDB information;And wherein, when the shell is combined with another wear structure, which is used To obtain the physiologic information of the user from another body part.
The utility model provides a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system, to carry out physiology monitoring during sleep, comprising: One physiology signal capturing unit a, comprising: shell;One physiology signal capturing circuit, is at least partly placed among the shell;One Optical sensor is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and is set to the surface of the shell;One memory is placed in the shell It is interior;And a wireless transport module, wirelessly to be linked up with an external device (ED);And one refer to wear structure, to carry this Physiological signal acquisition unit, and be set on the finger of a user, wherein structure setting is worn on the finger when this refers to When, which is arranged at the position that can contact the finger, to measure the blood oxygen concentration variation of the user from the finger; Wherein, during sleep monitor, measured blood oxygen concentration variation is stored in the memory;And the blood oxygen concentration changes quilt For analyzing breathing situation of the user during sleep, and then obtain a sleep disordered breathing SDB relevant information;And its In, the external device (ED) wireless receiving sleep disordered breathing relevant information gives the user to provide.
The utility model provides a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system, comprising: a multipurpose physiology detection apparatus, comprising: One finger wears structure, which is set on the finger of a user;One physiology signal capturing circuit; One physiological signal sensing element is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry;An and wireless transport module;And one information mention For unit, wherein during the user carries out a biofeedback program, which is configured as from the hand Refer to and obtain an at least autonomic nerve related physiological information, and is provided in real time by the information provider unit and give the user, So that the user carries out a self-consciousness regulation, and then triggers the one of body and loosen reaction;And sleeping in the user During dormancy, which is constructed to obtain a sleep physiology status related information from the finger.
The utility model provides a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system, comprising: a physiology signal capturing unit, comprising: one Shell;One physiology signal capturing circuit, is at least partially arranged in the shell;And an at least optical sensor, it is electrically connected to this Physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and it is set to the surface of the shell;One finger wears structure, to be set to the finger of a user; And one wrist wear structure, to be set to the wrist of the user, wherein the shell be configured as tool selectively refers to this It wears structure and the wrist is worn one of structure and combined;And wherein, when the shell with this refer to wear structure combine and by When being set to the finger, the blood oxygen concentration which is configured as at least obtaining the user from the finger becomes Change;And when the shell is when the wrist wears structure and combines and be arranged at the wrist, at least an optical sensor is configured as this For the heart rate information that can at least obtain the user from the wrist.
The utility model provides a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system, is applied in a biofeedback program, comprising: more than one Purposes physiology detection apparatus a, comprising: finger wears structure, the multipurpose physiology detection apparatus is set to the one of a user On finger;One physiology signal capturing circuit;And a temperature sensor, it is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and by It is configured as obtaining the body temperature information of the user from the finger;An and information provider unit, wherein in the biofeedback journey During sequence, it is constructed with the body temperature information to be provided in real time by the information provider unit and give the user, in favor of this User carries out a self-consciousness regulation, and then triggers the one of body and loosen reaction.
The utility model provides a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system, is applied in a biofeedback program, comprising: more than one Purposes physiology detection apparatus a, comprising: finger wears structure, the multipurpose physiology detection apparatus is set to the one of a user On finger;One physiology signal capturing circuit;One optical sensor is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and is configured as certainly The finger obtains heart rate information;And at least two skin pricktest electrodes, it is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and be configured as Skin electric signal is obtained from the finger;And an information provider unit, it is wirelessly linked up with the multipurpose physiology detection apparatus, Wherein, during the biofeedback program, based on the heart rate information and the skin electric signal generated at least one is logical Know information, is constructed to be provided in real time by the information provider unit and give the user, so that the user carries out one Self-consciousness regulation, and then trigger the one of body and loosen reaction.
The utility model provides a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system, to carry out physiology monitoring during sleep, comprising: One physiology signal capturing unit a, comprising: shell;One physiology signal capturing circuit, is at least partly placed among the shell;One Optical sensor is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and the surface for being set to the shell and at least two electric contact areas, It is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry;And one wear structure, to carry the physiological signal acquisition unit, and is set to On the head of one user, comprising: at least two electrodes are configured as being located at when being arranged at the head, can contact head On the surface of skin;Wherein, when this wears the structural bearing physiological signal acquisition unit, at least two electric contact areas with should At least two electrodes form electrical connection, so that the physiological signal acquisition circuitry can at least two electrodes obtain the user's by this Brain electric signal;And the physiological signal acquisition circuitry is further become by the blood oxygen concentration that the optical sensor obtains the user Change;And wherein, the brain electric signal and blood oxygen concentration variation be used to analyze the user in sleep physiology state.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 shows the circuit diagram according to the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus;
Fig. 2A -2B shows that optical sensor obtains the mode of blood physiology information;
Fig. 3 A-3C, which is shown, is embodied as referring to that the preferable implementation for form of wearing is shown according to the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus It is intended to;
Fig. 4 A-4B shows other preferred embodiments according to the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus;
Fig. 5, which is shown, to be embodied as wearing the preferable implementation signal of form according to the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus Figure;
Fig. 6 A-6C show according to the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus be embodied as ear wear form it is preferable implementation show It is intended to;
Fig. 7 A-7B shows the operation signal being embodied as when ear wears form according to the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus Figure;
Fig. 8 A-8C shows that being embodied as another ear according to the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus wears the preferable of form Implementation diagram;
Fig. 9 A-9C shows that the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus is embodied as wearing the preferable reality that cooperation ear wears form Apply schematic diagram;
Figure 10 A-10B shows the another preferred embodiment according to the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus;
Figure 11 A-11F, which is shown, to be embodied as referring to the preferable implementation for form of wearing according to the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus Schematic diagram;
Figure 12 A-12B, which is shown, to be embodied as wearing the preferable implementation of form according to the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus Schematic diagram;
Figure 13 A-13B, which is shown, is embodied as the preferable implementation that neck wears form according to the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus Schematic diagram;
Figure 14 A-14B, which is shown, is embodied as the preferable implementation that wrist wears form according to the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus Schematic diagram;And
Figure 15, which is shown, to be embodied as referring to another preferable implementation for form of wearing according to the utility model multipurpose physiology detection apparatus Schematic diagram.
Symbol description in figure
100,500 shells 101,502 lower surfaces
110 physiological signal acquisition circuitry, 120,330,332,810,910 electrode
122,340,522 optical sensor
200,600a, 600b, 600c, 600d, 600e, which refer to, wears structure
310,312,410,420 ears wear structure
314 connecting line, 316 long element
400,700 504 upper surface of structure is worn
506,508 side surface
510a, 510b, 512a, 512b, 514 electric contact areas
710 integrated structure, 740 extending electrode
800 necks wear 900 wrist of structure and wear structure
Specific embodiment
In the concept of the utility model, in order to reach multiduty purpose, the means of use are will to carry out physiological signal Circuit, element, physiology sensing element required for detecting etc. is concentrated on as much as possible on the same shell, in this way, only need By way of replacing wear structure, so that it may easily change setting position or the set-up mode of shell, and then obtain different Physiological signal.
Accordingly, multipurpose physiology detection apparatus according to the present utility model, has a shell as main body, with mainly as Accommodating circuit/element and setting physiology sensing element are used.As shown in Figure 1, multipurpose physiology inspection according to the present utility model Surveying device will include a physiology signal capturing circuit 110, and be electrically connected to physiology sensing element, for example, electrode, and/or light pass Sensor, to obtain physiological signal, here, it is noted that will include in the physiological signal acquisition circuitry all to obtain life Circuit and element necessary to signal are managed, for example, processor, analog signal processor, analog-digital converter, filter are interior It deposits, battery etc., due to being well known to those skilled in the art, therefore does not repeat;In addition, if when having wireless transmission demand, example When such as, acquired physiological signal is transmitted to external device (ED), then it may also include wireless transport module, alternatively, memory The implementable form to can be removed.Therefore, different circuits, element, and/or module etc. can be set according to actual demand, all belonged to The scope of the utility model, not certain limitation.
As for the type of used physiology sensing element, then not certain limitation can be depending on actual demand.Citing For, it can only include at least two signal capturing electrodes, to obtain electro physiology signal, for example, electro-cardio signal, brain electric signal, eye Electric signal, myoelectricity signal, skin electric signal etc. can also only include optical sensor, to obtain blood physiology information, for example, when tool When having a kind of light source, heart rate, blood flow etc. can be obtained, and when with two or more light sources, then blood oxygen concentration can be obtained, certainly It can also simultaneously include signal capturing electrode and optical sensor, therefore, there is no limit.
Here, it should be noted that, generally when capturing electro physiology signal, signal capturing electrode and ground connection can be mostly set Electrode, wherein signal capturing electrode is to obtain electro physiology signal, and the effect of grounding electrode is then to remove ambient noise, And all electrodes described herein, then signal capturing electrode is come under, so to avoid word excessively tediously long, next In narration, all with " electrode " representative " signal capturing electrode ", as the setting of grounding electrode, generally then be can according to actual demand and Selectivity is configured, therefore omits do not repeat herein, in addition, to simplify narration more, when electrode is used to take When obtaining particular kind of electro physiology signal, it will be directly stated as the electrode of the type electro physiology signal, for example, electrocardioelectrode, brain Electrode, eye electricity electrode, electromyographic electrode, skin pricktest electrode etc..
Also, electrode described herein, the as general known conductive material that can sense human body spontaneous potential difference, For example, metal, conductive fiber, conductive rubber, electric silica gel etc., therefore in next narration, only for the setting position of electrode It sets, set-up mode, shape etc. are described.
In addition, optical sensor then refers to while having the sensor of photocell and light receiving element, it is to pass through Photocell emits beam into tissue, and light is then to penetrate the blood in blood vessel or the quilt after blood reflects Light receiving element is received, and then obtains blood physiology information by obtaining the volume variation that light is occurred.
In general, when being embodied as obtaining blood physiology information by penetrating mode, as shown in Figure 2 A, photocell And light receiving element can be respectively arranged at measuring point, for example, finger, two sides, and when being embodied as taking by reflection mode When obtaining blood physiology information, as shown in Figure 2 B, then photocell and light receiving element can be arranged at measuring point, example Such as, finger, it is ipsilateral, in addition, when be arranged position between above two position when, then regard practical situation difference, Ke Nengwei Penetrate mode and/or reflection mode.
In addition, even if physiology sensing element but unrestrictedly can be also set to by the form using replaceable wear structure On wear structure, and benefit brought in this way is then, can be reached by replacing wear structure, for example, replacement physiological sensing The various selections such as the type of element, the quantity for increasing and decreasing physiology sensing element, the setting position for changing physiology sensing element, same phase When with advantage, after being then described in as detailed embodiment.
Firstly, having selected the multipurpose based on finger to design in the conception of this case first aspect.
Selection refers to that the form of wearing is advantageous in that, this position is well-established setting position in daily life, many People has with ringed habit, without the process of adaptation, and does not show during use lofty.
As shown in figs 3 a and 3b, a finger, which is worn, carries a shell 100 in structure 200, and physiology sense is then provided on shell Element is surveyed, for example, electrode and/or optical sensor, wherein when being embodied as electrode, two electrodes 120 all can be set to shell On the surface that can be contacted with finger (as shown in Figure 3A), to obtain skin electric signal, myoelectricity signal etc.;Or as shown in Figure 3B, One electrode 120 can be set on the surface that can be contacted with finger, and be arranged again on the surface of Yu Buyu finger contact another One electrode 120 obtains electro-cardio signal and in a manner of contacting body different parts respectively;In addition, when being embodied as light biography It is then that the optical sensor can be set on the surface that shell is contacted towards finger, and ensure that the light for sensing can when sensor Into finger, blood physiology information is obtained from finger by optical sensor, alternatively, light can also be passed in donning process Sensor is set in shell outwardly-facing surface, by with contact other physical feelings, for example, the other hand, and it is raw to obtain blood Manage information;Furthermore also implementable to be while electrode and optical sensor is arranged, in this case, electrode and optical sensor are matched It sets, can have various combinations, not certain limitation according to actual demand.
Therefore, easily, user, which need to only put on ring, can carry out physiological detection, and due to ring form use it is upper Daily life is hardly interfered, does not also show lofty, therefore, is well suited for using in daily life.
It wears the form of structure here, this refers to there is no limit as long as shell can be maintained on finger, and can reach simultaneously The setting of physiology sensing element, for example, it may be ring structure, c-type structure etc., for example, ring structure, refers to clamping structure, Fingerstall structure, strap configurations etc. are all adoptable modes, in addition, material can also have different selections, for example, implementable be Rigid material, for example, plastics, metal etc. also are embodied as soft materials and/or elastic material, for example, silica gel, rubber, cloth Deng being all feasible mode, also that is, above-mentioned various fingers wear structure, in achievable range, all using hard material Matter is soft/and the material of elasticity or mixed materials make, there is no limit.
Next, as long as shell is embodied as to refer to this that wearing structure separates, so that it may be embodied as multiduty purpose.Wherein one Selection is that other positions of body are set to by another wear structure, for example, can by paster structure or Neck wears structure and is set to trunk, in this case, the electrode being set on same surface originally can contact trunk simultaneously and Obtain electro-cardio signal, myoelectricity signal, and/or skin electric signal, alternatively, be set to apparent surface electrode can by proficiency by It presses and contacts the hand and trunk respectively and obtain electro-cardio signal, it then can be from trunk or being somebody's turn to do from contact as optical sensor Hand obtains blood physiology information;Alternatively, can also wear structure by wrist is set to wrist, either electrode or optical sensor, all Various physiological signal/information can be smoothly obtained, for example, the electrode of opposite face can be by contacting another portion of the wrist and body Part, for example, the other hand or trunk, and electro-cardio signal is obtained, and the electrode for being set to same surface then can obtain flesh from wrist Electric signal, skin electric signal etc. wear form moreover, because being embodied as referring to originally, therefore, when shell is arranged at wrist, Volume can be very small, similar to the feeling of bracelet, bears fairly small.
Another kind selection is then, modifiable to refer to the size for wearing structure, to adapt to different finger sizes or different uses The finger of person, especially when this refers to that wearing structure is embodied as finger ring form, for example, when ring, due to belonging to rigid structure, for The adaptation of different fingers has its limitation, therefore, if replaceable various sizes of ring body, single device can simply be made to adapt to not With the finger of size, in this way, in addition to the same user can unrestricted choice setting finger other than, different users also can It shares and uses the same device, it is quite cost-effective.
In actual implementation, one of embodiment is that the replaceable finger wears structure and is embodied as not having physiology sense Element is surveyed, only simple structure, in this case, is captured for executing the electrode, optical sensor, physiological signal of physiological detection Circuit etc., being all set to can refer to and wear in the shell that structure combines with this, also that is, shell and refer to wear structure between be only simple machine Tool combines, wherein the optical sensor may be placed at direction when shell is worn in conjunction with structure with finger, towards finger or outwardly Direction, in addition, the setting of electrode is then different and different according to acquired physiological signal, for example, if being used to obtain electrocardio Signal then needs an electrode contact finger, another electrode exposes and contacts for body other parts, if being used to obtain flesh Electric signal and/or skin electric signal then need two electrodes to be located at the same face, for example, contacting finger simultaneously, or expose simultaneously And contact the other parts of body.
Furthermore another kind, which implements selection, is that the replaceable finger is worn structure and is embodied as with physiology sensing element, for example, Optical sensor and/or electrode, wear between structure and shell other than mechanical bond at this point, then referring to, also need to reach electric connection, with The physiological signal acquisition circuitry that the physiology sensing element in structure may be electrically connected in shell is worn so that being located at and referring to.Here, It should be noted that this refers to that the physiology sensing element worn in structure can be optical sensor, it is also possible to single electrode, with cooperation Electrode on shell, or it is also possible to two electrodes, therefore can change according to the difference of design, there is no limit.And as preceding It states, optical sensor includes photocell and light receiving element, therefore, when being set to finger and wearing in structure, may be selected to set It is set in the way of penetrating or obtains blood physiology signal using reflection mode, be all feasible.
In addition, it is another special real can then to refer to that the material for wearing structure is generated by replacement in a specific embodiments Apply mode.When finger, which wears structure, is embodied as metal material, as shown in Figure 3 C, for example, general common stainless steel material ring, then It can be by allowing this to refer to the one of contact electrode that wear on structure and original shell, and making the metal finger wear structure becomes this The extension of a electrode, in this way, be arranged refer to the movement for wearing structure be equal to be setting electrode, and contact area also therefore and increase Add, it is quite convenient, it is located on the exposed surface of shell along with another electrode, therefore, such setting is by particularly suitable use To carry out the acquisition of electro-cardio signal.Advantage brought by this way is to refer to that the structure for wearing structure becomes quite simple, without in addition setting Electric connection line and electrode are set, production process can be farthest simplified, and cost of manufacture can be also lowered.
In this case, it is noted that referring to that the material for wearing structure is not limited to metal material, as long as conductive material and Can combine and be set on finger with shell, all be feasible selection, for example, conductive rubber, electric silica gel, conductivity ceramics, Conductive fiber etc., it is unrestricted, also, be also not only restricted to only be made of a kind of material, for example, it may be metal is coated with Other materials, to create visual effect, therefore, as long as electrically conductive material constitutes the main body for referring to and wearing structure, for example, as branch Support belongs to the scope of the utility model.
Moreover, further, when need to only provide electro-cardio signal measurement, can also be embodied directly as the electrically conductive finger and wear knot Structure and the inseparable form of shell, and so that the shell is fixed on this and is referred to and wear in structure, in this way, by more cost effective.
It is selected in the conception of this case another aspect, it is the multipurpose setting selection based on head.
As is well known, head can equally obtain considerable physiologic information, for example, brain electric signal, eye movement signal, myoelectricity Therefore signal, cerebral blood flow (HEG, hemoencephalography) etc. are particularly suitable for obtaining sleep life during sleep Information such as reason state or sleep quality, or used during biofeedback, nervous physiology feedback, herein under the premise of, if can mention For being set to other body positions, and then the selection of other physiological signals is obtained, is another benefit naturally for user It is more.
Accordingly, in this embodiment, as shown in figs. 4 a-4b, physiology sensing element is arranged at the lower surface 101 of shell, For example, the situation of Fig. 4 A display two electrodes 120 of setting, Fig. 4 B then show the situation of setting optical sensor 122, and in this way Mode, so that it may utilize set-up mode as shown in Figure 5, and from head obtain physiological signal, for example, Fig. 4 A can obtain brain telecommunication Number, eye movement signal, skin electric signal, myoelectricity signal etc., and Fig. 4 B can then obtain cerebral blood flow, blood oxygen concentration etc., and herein Under situation, as previously mentioned, optical sensor will obtain blood physiology information using reflection mode, in addition, further, It also is embodied as that electrode and optical sensor are arranged simultaneously, to obtain more physiological signals, for example, implementable is electrode and light Sensor is set to same plane, may also set up in different planes, and all there is no limit.
Here, the shell for being set to head be wear structure by one and be configured, for example, it may be bandage, the helmet, Cap, glasses, patch, viscose etc. are all selectable forms, in addition, in particular, wearing structure and also being embodied as having electricity Conduction function is for example embodied as being attached directly on electrode and can help conductive viscose, alternatively, being embodied as and shell The Electricity conductive plaster that top electrode be combined with each other, for example, the patch electrode combined in such a way that metal is mutually detained, for example, button patch electricity Pole.Therefore, there is no limit all belong to the range that this case is advocated as long as shell can be set to head.
Next, when other positions to be set to, according to electrode and optical sensor in the Position Design on shell, only If it is all feasible that electrode and optical sensor can be allowed, which to contact the set-up mode of skin,.
Wherein, when being embodied as optical sensor, it may be placed at wrist, to obtain blood physiology information from wrist, for example, Blood oxygen concentration, heart rate etc., alternatively, may also set up can equally obtain above-mentioned blood physiology letter in the positions such as forearm or upper arm Breath, or be set on finger by being worn and structure combines with finger, especially finger is all the most frequently used all the time to obtain blood The position of liquid physiologic information, in addition, alternatively, it can also be oppositely arranged, so that optical sensor is not contacted skin, at this point, being then that can lead to The mode for crossing the other hand contact optical sensor, can equally obtain blood physiology information.Another selection is can to wear structure by neck And shell is set in front of trunk, in this case, optical sensor is implementable to contact trunk towards trunk, also implementable To be contacted towards external with hand.
When being embodied as electrode, it equally may be placed at the positions such as wrist, forearm, upper arm, simultaneously by two electrodes 120 Contact skin and obtain skin electric signal, myoelectricity signal etc., or structure is worn by neck and is set in front of trunk, pass through two Electrode 120 contacts the skin of trunk simultaneously, to obtain electro-cardio signal.
In this way, either use electrode or optical sensor, when being arranged at head, head physiology news can be all obtained Number, for example, brain electric signal, eye electric signal, skin electric signal, myoelectricity signal, cerebral blood flow and blood oxygen concentration etc., and work as When being arranged at finger, wrist, upper arm, forearm, trunk front, then cardiovascular relevant signal can be all obtained, for example, blood oxygen is dense Degree, heart rate, electro-cardio signal etc. and other physiologic informations, for example, skin electric signal and myoelectricity signal.
Therefore, design in this way, even the same device, if the wear structure that cooperation is different, and be set to Different physical feeling, so that it may which quite wide variety of physiological signal is included in acquirement, is suitable tool advantage for user Selection.
It is selected in the conception of another aspect, it is the physiology detection apparatus of earphone forms.
Earphone has been accessory indispensable in modern's daily life, therefore, also there is more and more physiological detections Device is embodied as the form that ear is worn, and in addition to user can use naturally, physiological detection is also allowed more to incorporate daily life, example Such as, ear wears form and is well suited for carrying out the various programs such as sleep physiology detection, cardiovascular detection, biofeedback, nervous physiology feedback.
Furthermore when being embodied as ear and wearing form, moreover it is possible to travel naturally through in conjunction with sounding component and ear-phone function is provided, not only It can be promoted and use wish, be more conducive to carry out biofeedback, nervous physiology feedback etc. by sound, quite there is advantage, Therefore, wearing form in ear described herein can be visible various forms earphone on the market, for example, wired earphone or wireless Earphone and ear-canal earphones, PlayGear Stealth, supra-aural earphone, neck hanging type earphone, headphone etc., there is no limit only Meet the next described condition person, all the category scope to be advocated of this case, moreover, its mode for providing sound can also basis The difference of earphone forms and have corresponding change, for example, the sound of wired earphone is mostly from coupled portable electronic Device, and wireless headset may then store recording shelves, MP3 etc. by the online reception of bluetooth or directly, there is various possibility.
In this, as basis, multipurpose physiology detection apparatus provided by the utility model, one of embodiment is, As shown in figs 6 a-6 c, the form that ears are worn, including one first ear wears structure 310 and one second ear wears structure 312, physiology news Number acquisition circuitry may be disposed at that first ear is worn in structure or second ear is worn in structure, or two ears that are placed in are worn in structure, Or another shell is set again circuit is arranged, as shown in Figure 6 C, in this case, which may further be used to setting control Button processed etc., therefore all without limitation, in addition, wearing in two ears, an electrode, electrode 330 and electrode 332 are respectively set in structure, and And two ears wear structure and can be connected to each other by a connecting line 314, to reach electrode 330, electrode 332 and physiological signal Electrical connection between acquisition circuitry.
Here, it is noted that set-up mode and the position of electrode, according to the difference of measurement signal, it will it is different, For example, the position that may also set up the contact of Yu Buyu ear skin in the position contacted with ear skin can be set in electrode;Separately Outside, wear additional electrode on body structure surface in addition to being used in ear, for example, setting electrode slice, mode outside, also be embodied as it His form, for example, the surface that ear can be worn to structure is embodied directly as electrode, for example, in the way of conductive coating, or it is straight It connects and forms the part using conductive material (for example, conductive rubber, electric silica gel etc.), therefore, there is no limit as long as be located at ear The surface for wearing structure may achieve the acquisition of electro physiology signal, all belong to the scope of the utility model.In addition, in particular, due to ear Piece construction it is complicated, and the construction of each individual is neither identical, therefore in implementation, it is preferred that can be embodied as single electrode Probability is reached with increase contact in multiple small area contact points, for example, it is implementable to have the electrode of multiple acicular textures, also, Further, also implementable for telescopic resilience, for example, using metal spring connector (pogo pin) as electrode, To adapt to the fluctuations of ear structure and the difference of different users, increase contact stabilization, wherein the multiple needles of the tool Shape structure electrode is then to have different implementation selections, for example, it may be being welded on circuit board by the acicular texture of multiple conductions Formed, be also possible to integrally formed conductive base and multiple conductive acicular textures, either which kind of form all without limitation, It is electrically connected, and then acquirement electro physiology signal, does not have with physiological signal acquisition circuitry as long as Multi-contact can be provided and formed It is restricted.
In Fig. 6 A-6C, electrode 330 is arranged at when first ear is worn structure and is arranged on an ear, can be with this The setting position in structure is worn in second ear as electrode 332 in the position that the skin of ear and/or near zone is in contact, Then visual different use situation and have different variations, for example, Fig. 6 A, 6C show electrode 332, which are located at, will not touch ear The position of neighbouring skin and Fig. 6 B show electrode 332 are located at the position that can contact ear skin.
In a kind of usage mode, which wears structure and is placed on ear, and second ear is worn structure and is then removed. In this case, a kind of selection is that electrode 332 contacts chest, to obtain the heart projecting angle that ear and chest are constituted, separately A kind of selection is that the contact of electrode 332 holds second ear and wears a hand of structure, or holds second ear by the hand and wear Electrode is contacted into another upper limb again after structure, to obtain the heart projecting angle of ear and a upper limb.The difference of two kinds of selections exists In acquired heart projecting angle is different, and also due to user can be suitable with unrestricted choice in this way with the design of connecting line Conjunction and desired measurement position, to obtain optimal electro-cardio signal.
It is then that first ear wears structure and second ear is worn structure and is all removed in another usage mode.Herein Under situation, a kind of selection is that two electrodes is allowed all to contact chest, and another kind selection is then that two electrodes is allowed to contact two hands respectively. Similarly, this two kinds selections can obtain chest to the heart projecting angle in chest and the heart projecting angle of two hands respectively.
In another usage mode, which wears structure and second ear is worn structure and is all placed on ear, To obtain electro-cardio signal.When being embodied as configuration as shown in Figure 6A, connecing for upper limb and electrode can be reached by lifting on hand Touching, it is as shown in Figure 7 A, same quite convenient;In addition, alternatively, it can also be in all setting is electric on the exposed surface that two ears wear structure Pole, in this way, as shown in Figure 7 B, so that it may contact the electrode that two are respectively arranged at exposed surface respectively by two hands and obtain Electro-cardio signal.
Still further, also implementable wear for each ear is all provided with the electrode of ear contacts and in outer in structure Reveal the electrode on surface, as long as in this way, singlehanded (left or right hand), which lifts contact one side ear, wears exposed electrode in structure, Another side (the right or the left side) ear can be cooperated to wear the electrode for contacting ear in structure, and be respectively formed sampling loop.And it is such The advantage of mode is then that ear wears structure and do not need to remove the acquisition that can carry out another electro-cardio signal from ear, moreover, lifting Rise left hand touching, lift the right hand touching or lift two hands simultaneously touches together, acquired heart projecting angle is all different, It may conform to different application demands.Further, inside and outside herein to be all arranged in the case of electrode, due to obtaining connecing for electro-cardio signal Touching all wears the electrode in structure by not same side ear to reach, therefore the interior lateral electrode that also the same ear further can be worn structure is real Apply helps to reduce cost of manufacture for the continuously distributed same electrode in this way, which production complexity can be reduced.
It is then that two electrodes are arranged at first ear respectively to wear structure and should in addition, in a specific embodiments Second ear is worn on the exposed surface of structure, in this way, equally can use the mode of Fig. 7 B such as carries out electro-cardio signal measurement, and In this case, since exposed surface relatively has a biggish contact area, therefore but also ear wear structure removed from ear and The movement of contact upper limb or trunk can more be easy to reach.Therefore, there can be various realities in response to a variety of different use demands Possibility is applied, there is no limit.
Although here, it should be noted that above-described embodiment mainly in the form of ear inner housing as an example, be not limited In this, it is various forms that it is implementable, which to wear structure, for ear, for example, the ear of ear clip structure, ear hook structure or combining form wears structure, For example, ear inner housing jar hanging hang structure or ear clip jar inner shell structure etc., if be capable of providing stable contact be all can Capable selection, moreover, it is variety classes that it is also implementable, which to wear structure, for two ears, for example, ear clip can be embodied as on one side, another side is real Shi Weier inner housing, therefore, there is no limit.
It between wearing structure due to two ears is connected by connecting line, structure, which is worn, when at least one ear is implemented as certainly Ear is removed in use, the contact position of electrode just becomes non-often with variability, for example, being accessibly connected all within the scope of line Position also thus it is possible to obtain 12 electrocardiograms for leading pole difference position respectively, therefore obtains 12 compared to tradition and leads pole The a large amount of electrodes and connecting line quantity configured needed for electrocardiogram, such design be equal to significantly reduce setting complexity and Implement door, considerably aids and the correct and detailed judgement for heart is reached in easier mode.
Moreover, still further, in addition to above-mentioned user carry out introspection usage mode other than, it is structure-based special Property, the design that two ears with connecting line wear structure in this way can also be applied to obtain other people electro-cardio signal.For example, First ear can be worn to structure setting on other people ear, so that electrode is contacted the ear and/or neighbouring skin, then pass through hand The mode that the second ear wears structure is held, so that electrode is contacted other people trunk or upper limb, thus, so that it may obtain other people electrocardio Signal, it is quite convenient.Here, ear clip structure is especially suitable for the selection that the first ear wears structure, it can reach easily and wear ear Structure setting is in the operation on his human ear.
Still further, such device can also be used to obtain brain electric signal.In above-mentioned any configuration, as long as in two Ear wears the embodiment all in structure with the electrode of accessible ear and/or neighbouring skin, so that it may it is used to obtain brain electric signal, So it is equal to the same device and provides for the acquisition of electro-cardio signal and two kinds of functions of acquisition of brain electric signal, moreover, electrocardio Signal can also provide the selection of different projection angles, very have advantage;Wherein, when carrying out the acquisition of brain electric signal, electrode Contact position do not limit specifically, so it is preferred that may be selected contact auricle lower half, for example, tragus, tragus below, The positions such as ear-lobe, concha auriculae wall lower half, electrode as reference electrode, acquirement clearly brain electric signal can be more advantageous to.
Furthermore other than electrode is set, also can wear structure by ear and optical sensor is set, for example, may be disposed at it is unilateral, Or it is bilateral be all arranged, to obtain blood physiology information, for example, blood oxygen concentration and heart rate etc., can thus interrogate in electrocardio Extra is additionally provided other physiological signal selections, here, similarly, optical sensor will obtain blood using reflection mode Physiologic information, can also be further when being embodied as contacting electrode by hand and obtain the situation of electro-cardio signal in addition, alternatively Also blood physiology information is obtained by hand, for example, reach the contact with optical sensor while contacting electrode, and in this respect Under, due to that can obtain electro-cardio signal by electrode simultaneously and obtain heart rate by sensor, two kinds of physiology can be passed through Correlation between information and obtain pulse wave passing time (PTT, Pulse Transit Time), and then learn blood vessel hardness/ The information such as elasticity can also be estimated further via calculating and obtain blood pressure correlation values, have further meaning.
On the other hand, when optical sensor is embodied as being set near ear and/or ear, then it is suitble to be used to the company of execution Continuous detecting, especially heart rate, for example, the heart rate monitoring during can be used for moving, it can also be used to need to pay attention to cardiomotility for a long time Patient, and designed by the multipurpose of this case, when there is special demands, for example, thinking that heartbeat is abnormal or heart sense suddenly To not in due course, user can record at once by the touching electrode or ear, which is worn structure, takes down touching trunk or hand of raising one's hand Real-time electro-cardio signal considerably aids the relevant cardiac problems that correctly judge.
Furthermore another implementation concept according to the present utility model, can also be worn by single ear structure realize it is multiduty Purpose, as shown in figures 8 a-8b, single ear wears setting in structure, and there are two electrodes 330 and 332.
In a preferred embodiment, as shown in Figure 8 A, when the ear, which wears structure, to be worn on ear, electrode 330 can be connect Ear and/or neighbouring skin are touched, therefore, need to only go up act one upper limb contact positioned at the electrode 332 of exposed surface can carry out the heart On the other hand electric signal measurement is also removed from ear, by contacting different body parts, for example, the contact of electrode 330 is taken Hand and electrode 332 the contact trunk held, and obtain electro-cardio signal.
In an another preferred embodiment, as shown in Figure 8 B, ear wears that structure is implemented as can the acquirement when removing from ear Electro-cardio signal, the situation of actual implementation, then can there are many selection, wherein a kind of selection is that the ear is worn structure and be can be by making User holds on the other hand, and is measured by way of contacting body trunk partial skin, for example, two electrodes are implementable To contact trunk simultaneously, for example, the stronger front of electro-cardio signal, to obtain the electro-cardio signal of trunk, another kind selection then can be real It applies as the hand of an electrode contact holding, another contact trunk, to obtain the heart projecting between upper limb and trunk, Zai Yixuan Selecting is, is embodied as two electrodes and contacts two hands respectively, to obtain the heart projecting between two upper limbs.Therefore, can it is different on demand and Change usage mode, it is quite convenient.
Furthermore in order to facilitate hand holding, ear can be worn into structure as Fig. 8 B and be formed to have a long element 316, And electrode is set in the elongate structure, in this way, can also reach simultaneously and be connect with interelectrode while facilitating holding Touching, more advantage.In this case, the electrode being set on long element, then be it is implementable for be distributed in one of surface, Or multiple surfaces are distributed in, or be embodied as continuously distributed etc., it is all feasible mode.
In addition, two electrodes also may be used other than being set to the ear and wearing and can obtain the position of electro-cardio signal when structure is taken down It is further embodied as, can wear structure setting in the ear and reach when on ear with the skin near ear and/or ear and contact, example Such as, tragus, ear-lobe, concha auriculae wall, concha auriculae bottom, the auricle back side, head (temporal lobe area) around auricle etc., thus, moreover it is possible to Brain electric signal is obtained during being worn on ear, more increases the function of using, moreover, as previously mentioned, under selection contact auricle The electrode of the position of half portion can be more advantageous to as reference electrode and obtain stable brain electric signal.
Further, also be embodied as with optical sensor 340, for example, as shown in Figure 8 C, be set to ear wear structure can be with The position of skin contact near ear and/or ear, wherein position especially preferably is tragus, in the phase for being worn on ear Between obtain blood physiology information, for example, heart rate, blood oxygen concentration etc., and then more polynary physiologic information is provided, moreover, when that can lead to When crossing optical sensor and obtaining heart rate information, so that it may as previously mentioned, be used to execute continuous detecting, for example, for moving the phase Between heart rate monitoring, and/or for need for a long time pay attention to cardiomotility patient, in this way, when notified discovery light biography When sensor detects abnormal or when itself feels to have special demands, for example, thinking that heartbeat is abnormal or heart is felt suddenly Not in due course, ear can be worn structure at once and taken down by user, recorded real-time electrocardio by touching trunk and/or hand and interrogated Number, considerably aid the relevant cardiac problems that correctly judge.
Although here, it should be noted that above-described embodiment mainly with ear inner shell structure as an example, be not limited In this, it is various forms that it is implementable, which to wear structure, for ear, for example, the ear of ear clip structure, ear hook structure or combining form wears structure, For example, ear inner housing jar hanging hang structure or ear clip jar inner shell structure or ear wear structure in combination with the company of tool support force Binding structure etc., as long as being capable of providing stable contact is all feasible selection.
Still further, it is with Single port, to connect an extending electrode that such monaural structure is also implementable.Citing and Speech, can be other than original two electrodes, then provide another electrode, thus, so that it may while obtaining the heart of different angle Dirty projection for example, original two electrodes contact chest simultaneously, then cooperates extending electrode to contact upper limb.It on the other hand, can also be real Apply for extending electrode replace it is former there are two one of electrodes, and by way of expanding two interelectrode distances, then being can The position that electrode can be contacted has more variability, for example, can obtain 12 leads the electrocardiogram of pole difference position, therefore also contributes to Obtain more detailed heart information.In another aspect, also implementable be used to obtain another electro physiology signal, example for extending electrode Such as, the skin of head near the contact ear of the electrode in structure or ear is worn using original unilateral ear, then pulls out electrode setting In also contacting the skin of head near ear or ear on another ear, brain electric signal can be obtained.Therefore, there are various possibility, do not have It is restricted.
As for the form of implementation of the extending electrode, then there can be various possibility.For example, it is possible to implement for by a wearing Structure is carried, for example, another ear wears structure, is referred to and is worn structure, and wrist wears structure, and neck wears structure, wears structure etc., or be embodied as pasting The forms such as piece, bandage, in addition, can also be carried by a holding structure, for example, club shaped structure, can convenient for users to operating, because This, there is no limit can change according to actual demand.
And extending electrode is in actual use, equally there is various possibility.For example, it can be original ear and wear structure Extend an ear clip structure, carry the extending electrode, in this case, the ear clip structure of extension can be located on ear, and Structure contact trunk or upper limb are worn using original ear;Structure is worn alternatively, being also possible to extend a finger, carries extension electricity Extension can be referred to that wearing structure is fixed on the finger of a upper limb in this case by pole, and original ear is recycled to wear structure contact body Dry or another upper limb: alternatively, can also original ear wear structure and the bearing structure of extending electrode is all held by hand, and reach At contact, for example, contact, which holds hand or uses, contacts other body parts etc..Therefore, there are various implementations possibility, it is unrestricted In the description above, as long as attainable measurement method through this structure, all belong to the scope to be advocated of this case.
It is then in the form of a headset as main body, to reach multiduty purpose in the conception of another aspect. Fig. 9 A is please referred to, a multipurpose physiology detection apparatus wears structure 400 including one and two ears wear structure 410,420, connects respectively The both ends for wearing structure are connected to, in addition, physiology sensing element is then set to, this wears structure and/or two ear wears structure, with And circuit is placed in that this wears structure, and/or the grade ears are worn in structure, there is no limit.
Wherein, which, which wears structure, can have different selections from the connection type worn between structure, for example, available Connecting line connection, flexible cord connection type so can allow the setting for wearing structure freer, alternatively, also being embodied as between the two Be connected with stretching structure, and so rigid structure connection type, then be allow wear structure structure can be worn by ear and obtain more into Therefore which kind of mode no matter the fixed force of one step select all quite have advantage.In addition, it is preferred that ear wears structure is embodied as Ear inner housing form, with by ear inner housing with auricle is interstructural mutually supports, for example, plugging in ear canal, or engage Between the physiology concaveconvex structure of auricle inner face etc., and more preferably fixed effect is obtained, and this is not construed as limiting, it is also implementable For other forms, it is preferred that emphasis is be suitble to actual implementation situation.
Here, in particular, this is worn structure and is configured as can having different combinations from head, such as Fig. 9 B-9C institute Show, this, which wears structure, may be disposed at the crown (Fig. 9 B), or be set to forehead, or be set to hindbrain (Fig. 9 C), using such The reason of design is, firstly, for brain electric signal, since cerebral cortex divides into many regions, and different brain skins Different physical activities is controlled in matter region respectively, therefore, when electrode is correspondingly set to the position in different cerebral cortex regions It when setting, is able to obtain the activity of each region, for example, corresponding below forehead is frontal lobe cerebral cortex area, crown lower section Corresponding is top cerebral cortex area, and corresponding after brain be corresponding above occipital lobe cerebral cortex area and ear is that temporal lobe is big Cerebral cortex area, furthermore, for eye activity, electrode then be must be provided with around eyes, eye electric signal could be obtained, in addition, It is then that only need to will wear structure accordingly for preferably setting position with forehead and set for skin electric signal and myoelectricity signal It is placed in the position of signal to be obtained, it is quite convenient.
Wherein, it is at least two electrode (not shown)s that the physiology sensing element is implementable, to obtain electricity on head and/or ear Physiological signal.For example, can this wear be arranged in structure an electrode and wherein an ear wear be arranged in structure it is another One electrode at this point, reference electrode can be used as by being set to the electrode that ear is worn in structure, and works as and wears structure setting in forehead When, so that it may brain electric signal and eye electric signal are obtained, and when being set to the crown and hindbrain, then can obtain brain electric signal, and Different in wearing the position in structure according to the electrode, also meaning is different representated by obtainable brain electric signal, for example, even if Band is overhead or after brain, if but electrode be disposed proximate to the position above ear, the acquired brain electricity that will be temporal lobe area Signal, on the other hand, if electrode is arranged at the position on the crown, acquired will be the brain electric signal in top area, if or Electrode is arranged at the position after brain, will obtain the brain electric signal in occipital lobe area;Alternatively, head all can also be set to two electrodes It wears in structure, in this case, when wearing structure setting when forehead, frontal lobe area brain electric signal and/or temporal lobe area brain can be obtained Electric signal, eye electric signal, skin electric signal, and/or myoelectricity signal, and when being set to the crown and hindbrain, occipital lobe can be obtained Area's brain electric signal, top area brain electric signal, and/or temporal lobe area brain electric signal;It is set again in structure alternatively, can also be worn in another ear Another electrode is set, is placed in the two sides on head in this way, wear structure due to two ears, the electricity in structure is worn with closing head Pole, therefore the activity situation that can will obtain whereby and respectively left brain and right brain.Here, it is noted that when a variety of to obtain It is implementable only to have two electrodes for example, when obtaining brain electric signal and eye electric signal simultaneously when electro physiology signal, and by The same channel obtains two kinds of electro physiology signals simultaneously, also is embodied as more than two electrodes, for example, three or four, and by Two channels obtain two kinds of electro physiology signals and therefore can change according to actual demand, not certain limitation.
In addition, the physiology sensing element also is embodied as optical sensor, and is set to this and wears in structure, to obtain head Blood physiology information, for example, can region near forehead, temple, and/or above ear obtain blood oxygen concentration, heart rate, Cerebral blood flow variation etc., wears in structure alternatively, may also set up in ear, and it is raw can equally to obtain the blood such as blood oxygen concentration, heart rate Manage information.
Furthermore further, the physiology sensing element is also implementable for simultaneously including electrode and optical sensor, and Under this situation, above-mentioned various situations are all feasible.Therefore, there is no limit.
Design in this way, the same device is with regard to can almost obtain all physiological signals on head, moreover, user can The position to be measured voluntarily is selected, it is quite convenient.
Here, it is noted that electrode such as is set to after the crown, brain at the crinite position of tool due to being likely to require, Other than using the form of general dry-type electrode, also it is preferred that being set to the electrode worn in structure is embodied as acicular shape Formula, for example, single needle electrode, or the electrode with multiple acicular textures, in favor of passing through hair, wherein the tool is multiple Acicular texture electrode can then have different implementation selections, for example, it may be being welded in circuit by the acicular texture of multiple conductions Formed on plate, be also possible to integrally formed conductive base and multiple conductive acicular textures, either which kind of form all without Limitation is electrically connected as long as can provide Multi-contact and be formed with physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and then acquirement electro physiology signal is It can;Furthermore also it is preferred that being embodied as electrode with telescopic resilience, for example, spring is arranged in base part, or use Metal spring connector (pogo pin) is used as electrode, so will be helpful to adapt to different head dummy variations;Alternatively, alternatively, It is replaceable also to be embodied as electrode, for example, using non-needle electrode originally, to be set to forehead position, has when needs move to The position of hair, then it is changed to needle electrode.In addition, the material of electrode also need to be only conductive material, for example, conductive gold Category, conductive rubber, conductive fiber etc. are all feasible, therefore not certain limitation.Also, it is preferred that when be set to forehead or It, can be further in wearing external bandage in structure, for example, the both ends for wearing structure are connected to, to reach more preferable when being after brain Fixed effect.
And in above-mentioned all various embodiments, for example, refer to wear, wrist is worn, neck is worn, wear, ear is worn, sandwiched etc., all may be used An action sensing element is added again in a device, for example, accelerometer (Accelerometer), gravity sensor (G Sensor), gyroscope (gyroscope), Magnetic Sensor (Magnetic sensor) etc., to obtain user's body simultaneously Movement or mobile situation can help to judge whether to be caused because of the movement or movement of body when analyzing physiological signal Signal quality is bad.In addition, a temperature sensor can also be added, it is set to the position of desirable body temperature information, can help to It is further understood that actual physiological status.
Further, in the another aspect conception of the utility model, then it is by replacing different wear structures And extend the function of the same physiological signal acquisition unit.
Firstly, the physiological signal acquisition unit can be formed list in order to be easy to be replaced between different wear structures The form of one compact shell, as shown in Figure 10 A, also that is, all circuits are all placed in single a shell 500, thus into When row replacement, shell need to only be removed from a wear structure, be refilled on another wear structure, by the step of replacing It is most simplified.
Wherein, which includes a physiology signal capturing circuit, is placed in the shell 500, in shell There is first couple of electric contact area 510a, 510b on the lower surface 502 of body, and have on the side surface of shell 506 and 508 There are second couple of electric contact area 512a, 512b, here, since volume has significantly been reduced, the electric contact areas such as this Area is also correspondingly reduced, for example, being reduced into the form of electrical contact.
And further, since the physiologic information that different physical feelings can be provided may be different, physiology news It will also include an at least optical sensor 522 in number acquisition unit, as shown, being set on lower surface 502, for obtaining use The blood physiology information of person, moreover, can also provide and be interrogated according to two kinds of physiology if also obtaining electro physiology signal using electrode simultaneously It is that correlation between number is obtained as a result, for example, pulse wave passing time (Pulse Transit Time, PTT), and then can obtain Know the information such as blood vessel hardness/elasticity, can also further estimate and obtain the data of related pressure value.
Here, the electrical contact portion using such mode is that maximizing uses possibility the reason of distribution.Citing and Speech, one of which, which measures selection, is, first pair of electric contact area is used to obtain myoelectricity signal and skin electric signal etc., or It is set to the stronger front of electro-cardio signal and obtains electro-cardio signal, another kind measurement selection is that second pair of electric contact area can be prolonged It stretches and contacts more multiposition, and then obtain other electro physiology signals, for example, brain electric signal, eye electric signal, skin electric signal, Myoelectricity signal, electro-cardio signal etc.,.Therefore, design in this way is suitable for the different sampling demands of various setting positions, phase When with advantage.
Certainly, it is only the configuration mode of one of electric contact area cooperation optical sensor shown in Figure 10 A, there can also be it His configuration selection, for example, can also add again an electric contact area 514 as Figure 10 B on upper surface 504, or Person can also only include two electric contact areas (situation shown in similar Fig. 3 C), and can be set to same table with optical sensor On face, and/or on different surfaces, therefore, it can be varied according to actual use demand, there is no limit.In addition, it can also be increased His sensing element, for example, temperature sensor, be set to can use on shell body temperature position, also without limitation.
When in upper surface have electric contact area 514 when, then there is provided can directly it is exposed and contact another selection, Such configuration is considerably advantageous in obtaining no matter electro-cardio signal the where of body be for example set to, as long as electric contact area 514 are exposed, so that it may and it is very simply contacted by a hand, then cooperates electric contact area 510a, 510b, 512a, The skin contact (directly contact or extend and contact) of another part of any and body of 512b, forms electro-cardio signal Sampling loop is equally the embodiment of suitable tool advantage.
In this case, when the different parts of body to be set to, for example, finger, wrist, arm, neck, front, When head, ear, as long as combining with different wear structures, structure is worn for example, referring to, wrist wears structure, and arm wears structure, and neck wears knot Structure, wears structure, and ear wears structure, patch, bandage etc., so that it may reach the demand of setting.
In addition, since the sample position at each position is all different, and setting condition is also different, therefore, further, also Electrode can be allowed to be arranged at optimal sample position by wear structure, in this case, it is preferred that in wear structure The integrated structure that upper setting can be combined with the shell, for example, an accommodation groove, and correspond to shell in setting in the integrated structure The electrical contact portion of electric contact area on body, so that after the shell and the integrated structure, electric contact area and combination on shell Electrical contact portion in structure can reach electrical connection, on the other hand, as long as being electrically connected to this in setting on the surface of wear structure The electrode of electrical contact portion, so that it may the electric contact area on shell is electrically connected to the electrode on wear structure, in this way, will The positioning and fixation of electrode can directly be reached using wear structure, it is quite convenient.
Here, it is noted that the electric contact area on the physiological signal acquisition unit is used directly contact skin When obtaining physiological signal, that is, it is considered to be signal capturing electrode, on the other hand, when it is used to and the electricity in wear structure Contact portion is contacted, with reach wear structure top electrode with when being electrically connected, be then considered to be electrical contact between circuit, it is complete Entirely depending on actual implementation situation, there is no limit also therefore, the same electric contact area on shell is in different wearing of arranging in pairs or groups When structure, may play the role of different.
The each position how the physiological signal acquisition unit is set to body is described in detail below, can be used for obtaining Which kind of physiological signal and its application range.
Firstly, simplest situation is, which refers to that wearing structure is set to user's by one On one finger, here, the position of setting can be the finger joint where finger tip or proximal phalanx or middle phalanx, all without limitation, And which finger is not also limited, only need to provide corresponding suitable finger wears structure, for example, as shown in Figure 11 A, according to Fingerstall type, which refers to, wears structure 600a, so that it may be set to finger tip, refer to according to ring-shaped and wear structure, so that it may it is set to the position of finger joint, Structure is worn according to the finger for referring to folder form, as long as then shape is suitble to, so that it may it is located in finger tip, can also be located in finger joint, it can be according to Actual demand and the form for changing implementation, furthermore, it also is embodied as being formed by fixed structure by tool stickiness softness material, example Such as, patch, patch, devil's felt etc. are suitble to be set to any finger joint.
In addition, dimensionally, being set on finger to adaptation, then preferably minimized, for example, the shell Size is most preferably implemented as length less than 30 millimeters, and width is less than 25 millimeters and thickness is less than 10 millimeters, in this way, Even if being set on finger, lofty and burden will not be also felt.
When the physiological signal acquisition unit is arranged on finger, the physiological signal acquisition being most appropriate for is to utilize light Sensor obtains blood physiology information from finger, for example, blood oxygen concentration, heart rate, blood flow etc., and this is also exactly general most known Blood oxygen concentration obtain position.
Here, it should be noted that just it has been observed that general common blood oxygen concentration sensor on the market, mainly uses two Kind of measurement method, penetration and reflective, wherein penetration is as shown in Figure 2 A using connecing photocell and light It receives element to be placed in the two sides of finger, be measured in a manner of allowing light to penetrate blood vessel, it is however generally that, acquired by such mode Signal it is relatively stable, on the other hand, it is reflective, be to be set to photocell and light receiving element as shown in Figure 2 B The same side of finger, and such mode then has the advantages that structure is relatively simple and more power saving.Therefore, two ways respectively has Its advantage, all can be used.
So preferably being measured using reflection mode when using the form of single shell, also that is, light is sent out It penetrates element and light receiving element is arranged at the same side of finger, on the other hand, if having physiological sensing on wear structure When element, for example, photocell is set on shell, and when light receiving element is extended on wear structure, so that it may use The mode of penetrating measures, and therefore, no matter is set to which position of finger, but all demands are different and select to use the side of penetrating Formula or reflection mode measure, there is no limit.
Here, can be that any be capable of fixing in finger with aforementioned it is noted that used finger wears structure On various forms, for example, ring structure, fingerstall structure, refer to clamping structure, coil structure etc., there is no limit.On the other hand, material Matter can also have various selections, for example, the material of tool elasticity can be used, for example, silica gel, rubber etc.;Alternatively, using flexible Bent material, is fixed in the way of winding, for example, devil's felt;Alternatively, emplastic can also be further added, it is glutinous to utilize Attached mode is fixed;Alternatively, the hard material that tool meets finger ergonomic structure can also be used, for example, being formed as clip kenel Plastics, or be formed as the plastics of ring form, metal etc.;Or it can integrate using different materials, for example, can In the hard material of elastic material outer cladding;Even it also is embodied as droppable form.Therefore, there can be various possibility, not limit System.
As for the shell and finger wear interstructural combination, then can have various selections, for example, implementable is to set, block Conjunction magnetic, sticks, ties up the various feasible modes such as attached, and there is no limit as long as reaching combination and fixing.
For example, in one embodiment, this refers to that wearing structure is embodied as the fingertip of silica gel material (shown in similar Figure 11 A Structure), and the shell then can be not only easy to make very simply directly in the groove of the fingertip, it is fixed, Positioning is easy, using upper also very comfortable;In another embodiment, tool can also be used restore elastic material and refer to make and wear structure, And retractable fixation is achieved the effect that by the design of structure, and then be fixed, as shown in Figure 11 B-11C, which can It plugs and is worn in structure 600b in jerk-finger;In an another embodiment, this, which refers to, wears the nonwoven fabric that structure is embodied as tool stickiness, can use To surround finger joint, it is also possible to which to stick in finger tip, in another embodiment, this refers to that wearing structure is embodied as devil's felt, can be freely It adjusts and adapts to different finger sizes;In another embodiment, as shown in Figure 11 D-11E, this refers to that wearing structure is then implemented as guarding against Finger-type, which refers to, wears structure 600c, and the combination of the shell and ring can have various possibility, for example, by engage, plug, magnetic The modes such as suction;In another embodiment, this refers to that wearing structure is embodied as inside using elastic material, and outside then coats hard material, For example, plastic shell, thus, so that it may meet finger curve using elastic material realization with stablize physiology sensing element it While setting, suitable, beautiful external form also can provide, even, also exposed electrode can be set by the shell of hard material, and The one of electric contact area being connected on physiological signal acquisition unit, in this way, the measurement that will can carry out electro-cardio signal.
And during such setting is then particularly suitable for application to sleep, with detecting sleep physiological state information, for example, breathing Situation and sleep quality.This is because when using such design, not only compact, the structure being set on finger Also become comparatively simple, it is not easy to fall off, will not be counteracted during sleep completely, but it is dense certainly to obtain very much blood oxygen The information such as degree and heart rate, wherein blood oxygen concentration can be used to understand the breathing situation during sleeping, to provide related sleep-respiratory The information of obstacle (Sleep Disordered Breathing, SDB), for example, Sleep Apnea (Obstructive Sleep Apnea, OSA), heart rate then can be used to understand other physiologic informations during sleeping, for example, cardiomotility situation, with And accordingly derived from other physiologic informations, for example, the time fallen asleep, moreover, further, if being also provided with movement in the shell When sensing element, then the mobile situation etc. of hand, body can also be detected, and these are all closely bound up with sleep quality, therefore, phase When with advantage.
Further, if in use, finger can also be worn to knot in order to which user can use comfortablely during being implemented on sleep The circular range of structure is extended to some of palm, for example, as shown in fig. 11f, circulating type refer to wear structure 600d increase it is circular The part of palm below thumb, in this way, user can be allowed to feel more firm by greater area of fixation, It not influencing to sleep, certainly, refers to the actual implementation form for wearing structure, Figure 11 F is then used only as citing, rather than as limit System, as long as all belong to the range to be advocated of this case around the structure of palm some simultaneously, there is no limit.
On the other hand, other than the above-mentioned acquirement blood physiology information using optical sensor, also electricity can be obtained with electrode thoroughly Physiological signal.As noted previously, as the volume very little of shell, the contact area of electric contact area is small, and between two electric contact areas Distance it is close, other than being possibly used for directly obtaining myoelectricity signal and skin electric signal, when being intended to obtain other electro physiologies news Number when or the acquirement position of myoelectricity signal and/or skin electric signal when can not directly be reached by shell, then can further by Variation refers to the contact worn structure and reach electrode with skin.
When implementing, this refers to that wearing structure is embodied as with integrated structure, receiving the shell, and has electrode, position In on accessible surface, and it is electrically connected to the electrical contact portion in integrated structure, therefore, passes through shell and integrated structure Combination, the electric contact area on original shell, so that it may be extended to the electrode for referring to and wearing in structure.Here, it is noted that according to Position differences different according to the physiological signal of actual measurement, and being arranged, the extension of electrode are implementable single only to extend Electrode also is embodied as two electrodes and all extends outwardly, is all enforceable mode.
Wherein, when being used to obtain skin electric signal or myoelectricity signal, an electrode can only be extended, between elongated electrode Distance, can also two electrodes all pass through finger and wear structure and extended, with setting to different positions.
In addition, when being used to obtain electro-cardio signal, due to there is an electrode to must reach over to limb where wearing the finger of shell Other body parts other than body, therefore, at least one electrode must wear structure by finger and be extended, on the implementation, Then there are many different selections.For example, in one embodiment, an electric contact area on shell can be made to contact finger, Another electric contact area is by referring to that wearing structure extends to exposed surface, to contact other body parts;In another implementation In example, also be embodied as two electric contact areas and all wear structure by finger being extended, with contact respectively finger and other Body part.Therefore, there can be various possibility, there is no limit.
Therefore, structure is worn as long as referring to by simply variation, so that it may the same shell be made to execute different physiological detection rows For, and different physiological signals is obtained, quite there is advantage.
Furthermore the shell, which also is embodied as wearing structure with one, to be combined, as illustrated in fig. 12, to be set to user's Head.As is well known, head can obtain many physiological signals, for example, obtaining brain electric signal, eye telecommunication using electrode Number, skin electric signal, myoelectricity signal etc., and obtain using optical sensor the variation of cerebral blood flow, blood oxygen concentration, the heart Rate etc., and its midbrain electric signal, eye electric signal, cerebral blood flow variation be only capable of in head obtain physiologic information be therefore Considerable physiology monitoring position.
In this case, the limitation for having its certain due to obtaining the electrode setting position of brain electric signal, for example, general more meetings Electrode is set according to international 10-20 brain electricity configuration system (international 10-20system), in addition, eye electric signal It is also required to for electrode being set to around eyes, therefore, be suitable for using foregoing electrode extending design, by wearing structure And electrode is arranged to the position of needs.
When implementing, similarly, as shown in Figure 12 B, this is worn structure 700 and is embodied as having an integrated structure 710, to The shell is received, and in particular, on the integrated structure, can have and correspond to electric contact area 510b and electric contact area The electrical contact portion of 512b, it is in electrical contact to reach while combining, and then by along the connection for wearing structure setting Line and be electrically connected to the extending electrode 740 for being set to and wearing in structure, in this way, the volume of the shell even from this case It is very small, it also can be particularly simple with regard to obtaining brain electric signal.
As long as also, by way of structure is worn in variation, for example, the kenel that variation is worn, so that it may reach electrode and appoint What head zone, and the brain electric signal in the cerebral cortex region of relative position is obtained, for example, can use when being set to forehead The brain electric signal in frontal lobe area can obtain the brain electric signal in top area when being set to the crown, when being set to both sides of the head, ear Above piece when neighbouring position, the brain electric signal in temporal lobe area can be obtained, and when being set to head rear, occipital lobe area can be obtained Brain electric signal.As it is known, the different function of human body is administered in different cerebral cortex regions, therefore, for each brain skin The monitoring in matter region all has its meaning.
As for the form for wearing structure, then there can be different selections according to the position difference of signal to be obtained, for example, if being intended to It is set to forehead, can simply use the form of patch, patch, viscose, burden is reduced, the form of bandage can also be used, or The forms such as a frame, cap can be used if the crown to be set in head box form with grip force, can if head rear to be set to Using forms such as bandage, cap, head frames;In addition, if when being intended to obtain electric signal, the position of forehead may be disposed at, or to Under extend to around eyes.Therefore, there is no limit can change according to actual demand.
Wherein, a kind of structure of wearing of particular type is Glasses structure.Glasses structure is being worn when head, can be connect The position of touching includes the bridge of the nose and ear top, and in some cases, can also contact the surrounding of eyes, therefore, such Configuration is just well suited for for obtaining an electric signal, frontal lobe area brain electric signal and temporal lobe area brain electric signal.Moreover, because according to Therefore the shell volume of the utility model is also implementable to be also quite suitble to be incorporated on Glasses structure for very little.
Here, it is noted that the physiological signal according to actual measurement is different, and the position to be arranged is different, electricity The extension of contact area is implementable to be extended to be only single, also is embodied as two electric contact areas and is all extended outwardly, for example, working as head Structure setting is worn when on forehead or when wearing structure and being embodied as Glasses structure, can directly utilize one on shell Electric contact area, and only extend out an electric contact area, therefore, there is no limit.
And during such setting is similarly highly suitable to be applied for sleep, for example, judge the most main of sleep stage Will be according to being exactly brain electric signal, for example, the fast quick-action eye phase (REM, Rapid Eye Movement), sound sleep is shallowly slept, regain consciousness etc., In addition, myoelectricity signal and eye electric signal can be also used to determine whether in the fast quick-action eye phase, and these are all general common For judging the physiologic information of sleep quality, furthermore, the blood oxygen concentration that optical sensor obtains can be used to obtain exhaling during sleep Situation is inhaled, for example, when there is Sleep Apnea, it will usually along with the decline of blood oxygen concentration, therefore can be by observing blood oxygen Concentration and judge whether occur Sleep Apnea, in addition, obtain heart rate can be appreciated that sleep during physiological status, for example, The state of autonomic nerve, the situation of cardiomotility, if cardiac arrhythmia etc. occur, it is also possible to determine (the sleep that falls asleep Onset the time etc.), in addition, it is dynamic can also to detect turn of user etc. if being also provided with action sensing element in shell Make, therefore, including general sleep checks that the physiological signal that can be obtained almost all has been included, and, it is only necessary to the shell of compact Body wears structure with regard to achievable with closing head, without complicated wiring, quite has advantage.
Further, which, which also is embodied as wearing structure 800 with a neck, combines.As shown in figs. 13 a-13b, by this Neck wears structure, which may be placed in front of the trunk of a user, and in the case of being set in front of trunk, it is just very suitable It shares to obtain electro-cardio signal, and due to the compact of shell, the distance between two electric contact areas is very short, therefore, can lead to It crosses neck and wears the integrated structure combined in structure with the shell, Lai Yanshen electric contact area, for example, as shown in Figure 13 B, only extending One electric contact area to electrode 810, or, as shown in FIG. 13A, two electric contact areas all extend to electrode 810, so that electric The distance of interpolar expands, and then is suitable for acquirement electro-cardio signal in front of trunk and is located in this case as long as user's hand is pinned The combination of shell and integrated structure in front of trunk, so that it may obtain electro-cardio signal easily.
In addition, the optical sensor in shell also can obtain blood physiology from hand from trunk or by hand contact Information, for example, blood oxygen concentration, pulse signal, heart rate etc., also, when electro-cardio signal and pulse signal can be obtained simultaneously, such as It is preceding described, so that it may to obtain pulse wave passing time, to learn the information such as blood vessel hardness/elasticity, and then estimate and obtain related pressure value Data.
It is combined in addition, the shell is also implementable to wear structure with an ear.Since the volume of the shell is very small, work as setting When on ear, and the volume difference of common earphone is little on the market at present, does not cause not only to bear, does not also show lofty.
Position on ear and/or near ear can obtain blood oxygen concentration, pulse signal, heart rate by optical sensor Deng, and by electrode acquirement brain electric signal, myoelectricity signal, skin electric signal, electro-cardio signal etc., equally there is various selections.Its In, the setting of optical sensor only need to be with the skin contact near ear or ear, brain electric signal, myoelectricity signal, skin pricktest Signal etc. can be obtained by the skin that two electrodes contact ear, and/or ear near zone respectively, as electro-cardio signal, Then it is preferred that the skin and another electrode that are embodied as near electrode contact ear or ear extend to it is exposed Surface contacts for a upper limb.
Wear the form of structure as ear, similarly there is a various possibility, either ear inner housing form, ear-hang form or Ear clip form is all feasible mode, and in response to different forms, used material can also have corresponding change, electrode and light The setting of sensor would also vary from.For example, implementable to have elasticity to utilize when being embodied as ear inner housing form Material coats the shell, for example, silica gel, to adapt it to the recess and protrusion of auricle inner face, at this point, electrode can be directly by coating Material holes exposes, and extension form as described above can also be used, to reach the contact with skin;When being embodied as ear-hang form When, due to that can have the pendant hanging on above auricle, increase the accessible auricle back side, and/or ear head nearby The possibility in portion, at this point, can be extended to electrode on pendant by way of extension, the setting position as shell is then that can set It is placed in auricle front or auricle rear, is all selectable position;When being embodied as ear clip form, electrode can be extended to The inner face of ear clip, to contact the skin for the part that ear is sandwiched, for example, ear-lobe, auricle edge etc., can also extend to electrode The exposed surface of ear clip, for upper limb contact.As for optical sensor, no matter the ear of which kind of form is used to wear structure, all only needed really Protecting it can be exposed, and can contact and be fixed on skin, be all feasible mode therefore, there is no limit.
Further, the shell is also implementable combines to wear structure 900 with a wrist, as shown in Figure 14 A-14B.And in wrist Near portion, the blood physiologies signal such as pulse signal, heart rate, blood oxygen concentration can be obtained by optical sensor, and can by electrode Obtain myoelectricity signal, skin electric signal, the electro physiologies signal such as electro-cardio signal, wherein myoelectricity signal and skin electric signal take It must need two electrodes while contact is with a part of skin, in addition, it is that an electrode connects that the acquirement of electro-cardio signal is then implementable Skin near tentacle wrist, and another electrode extends to exposed surface for the contact of other body parts, for example, on another Limb, trunk etc..
Here, due to the volume very little of shell, the shape which wears structure will become very freely, to can be hand Loop type, wrist-watch form, or with body form, in this way, which user can be accustomed to according to actual use and select oneself to wish Wrist wear structure type.
Configuration in relation to electrode and optical sensor, then it is similar to the above.Wherein, optical sensor need to be exposed and be set to It is accessible and be fixed on the position in wrist, it then may be embodied as directly exposing the electrode 514 on shell as electrode and reach and connect Touching, as shown in Figure 14 A, can also be used wrist and wears the electrode 910 extended in structure, as shown in Figure 14B, all without limitation.
Here, not being construed as limiting, according to this reality it should be noted that above-mentioned wear structure is merely to illustrate The wear structure that is able to cooperate with novel shell is simultaneously not so limited, as long as can combine with the shell and depend on human body table The wear structure in face, for example, arm wears structure, chest strap, gaiter band, patch etc., all application category of category this case, there is no limit.
In conclusion shell dimension and its light sensor and electricity by redefining physiological signal acquisition unit The configuration of contact area, so that it may make the same physiological signal acquisition unit be common to a variety of wear structures, thus can be set In each body part that can obtain various physiological signals, for example, head, ear, trunk, arm, wrist, finger etc., and this The physiological signal that a little positions can obtain just almost enumerates needed for general physiology monitoring.
Moreover, further, if the action of configuration sensing element in shell, the mobile situation of body can be also obtained, And/or add temperature sensor again, then it can use to obtain body temperature information, by more advantage.
Furthermore it when detecting during above-mentioned device is applied to sleep, is especially implemented as referring to when wearing form, in addition to upper It states outside wear structure and the separable situation of shell, also the implementable finger that is one of the forming wears structure 600e, for example, such as Figure 15 institute Show, be located in the shell of finger tip, or be formed directly as wearing structure by the finger that finger ring is fixed, is all feasible mode, There is no limit need to only be capable of fixing on finger.
During sleep, there are several physiological signals that can measure and can react sleep physiology state in finger, for example, By blood oxygen concentration it can be seen that whether occurring breathing low situation, for example, shallow breathing, Apnea etc., this is because when going out When now breathing low, the amount of oxygen in blood will decline, therefore, during can learning sleep by the variation of observation blood oxygen concentration Respiratory variations;Furthermore heart rate can be used to the physiological status during auxiliary observation sleep, for example, the state of autonomic nerve, heart is living Dynamic situation, if cardiac arrhythmia etc. occur, it is also possible to determine the time of sleep (sleep onset);Further, if again Action sensing element is added, for example, accelerometer, then can provide the mobile information of body.Therefore, even if only wearing in finger On small size device, these information in summary can equally obtain quite a lot of information in relation to sleep physiology state, example Such as, sleep quality, wherein being particularly suitable for seeing whether with sleep disordered breathing (Sleep Disordered Breathing, SDB), for example, Sleep Apnea (Obstructive Sleep Apnea, OSA).
On the other hand, it after the sleep situation for learning itself, helps to fall asleep, and/or help if can provide with the time The program for pressure of relaxing, then for user, it will be more total solution.
In recent years, more and more studies have shown that human bodies can self-consciousness regulate and control by way of and influence body it Operation system, it is physically and mentally healthy to achieve the effect that improve, for example, initiation is intracorporal to loosen reaction (relaxation response).It is so-called to loosen reaction, it can say it is complementary with fight or flight reaction (fight-or-flight response) A kind of somatic reaction, it is however generally that, loosening reaction can occur when body no longer perceives danger, at this point, self-discipline mind Activity through sympathetic nerve in system can decline, and such reaction can then pass through meditation (meditation), respiratory training (breath training), biofeedback (biofeedback), gradual muscular relaxation training (progressive muscle Relaxation), the modes such as yoga and cause in internal, the treatment symptoms such as pressure and anxiety can be used to.
Wherein, biofeedback is a kind of human body to learn how to change physiological activity the purpose of improving health and efficiency Learning program can be by consciousness in human body in this program, for example, thinking, mood and behavior etc., the physiology of change is living It is dynamic, for example, E.E.G, heart rate, breathing, muscle activity or skin temperature etc. can be monitored by instrument, and fast and accurately Information is fed back into subject, since this information is related with the physiological change to be reached, subject is obtaining information Afterwards, so that it may carry out self-consciousness regulation, accordingly to reinforce required physiological reaction and/or improvement own physiological state etc..
And by the configuration of electrode and/or other physiology sensing elements in physiology detection apparatus noted earlier, it is obtainable Physiological signal, such as brain electric signal, myoelectricity signal, skin electric signal, heart rate, blood flow, skin temperature etc. is all biofeedback journey In sequence through frequently with physiological signal.
Wherein, indicate that human body is in the waking state loosened when α wave dominance in E.E.G, when β wave dominance indicates people Body is in awake and nervous state, and then indicates that human body is in the state loosened and realized and interrupt when θ wave dominance, therefore can Variation situation by observing E.E.G learns the physiology and state of consciousness of human body;Myoelectricity signal represents the anxiety of human muscle Degree, and muscle tone is also related with the activity of autonomic nerve, therefore the tensity of muscle can be learnt accordingly;Electrodermal activity with The activity of sweat gland is related, and the secretion of sweat gland is only influenced by sympathetic nerve, and when sympathetic activity increases, and sweat gland activity increases Add, therefore can learn the activity increase and decrease of sympathetic nerve by way of measuring electrodermal activity, and as is well known, sympathetic nerve Activity, which is reduced, means that parasympathetic activity increases, also that is, human body is in the state relatively loosened;Heart rate is because by sympathetic mind Through the regulation with both parasympathetic nerves, and when sympathetic activity increases, heart rate becomes faster, when parasympathetic nerve activity increases When, heart rate is then slack-off, therefore can learn active growth and decline situation between the two by observing heart rate sequence;In addition, because transmission Blood vessel to acral body skin is only influenced by sympathetic nerve, and when sympathetic activity reduces, vessel retraction is reduced, caliber Become larger, blood flow increases, and skin surface temperature rises, therefore can also deduce sympathetic nerve by measurement limbs end slightly skin temperature Relative to parasympathetic activity increase and decrease, for example, measuring temperature by temperature sensor.
And as is well known, sympathetic nerve and parasympathetic nerve are therefore the autobnomic nervous system of human body passes through acquirement These physiologic informations just it can be seen that human body autonomic nerve related physiological information, therefore, these physiologic informations, either electro physiology Information or blood physiology information or body temperature information, being all adapted to progress biofeedback program can for example sleep Preceding carry out biofeedback, to reach the physiological status for helping to fall asleep, for example, α wave institute in E.E.G can be increased by biofeedback The ratio accounted for, in addition, biofeedback can also be carried out when usually available free, is returned with the generation of induced hypnotic for example, passing through physiology Feedback increases parasympathetic activity, will can help to stress of releiving.
In this case, device according to the present utility model only need to be further with unification information provider unit, by related institute The physiological signal of acquirement is supplied to user by a notification information, so that it may allow user that can learn changing physiologically in real time Become, so reach execute biofeedback program needed for setting.
For example, can directly on physiology detection apparatus setting information provide unit, with by vision, the sense of hearing, and/or Tactile appreciable various advice methods carry out information offer, for example, can be felt using visions such as flash of light, schema, numerical value changes Know mode, the aural perceptibles mode such as sound, voice, and/or vibration, temperature change etc. tactiles can perceptive mode, and can pass through Heater element, vibrating elements, sounding component, display element etc. are set to reach, there can be various possibility, there is no limit.
Moreover, based on the multipurpose characteristic according to utility model device, user can also based on the difference of feedback purpose, Or the difference of use habit, and it is voluntarily selected as the physiological signal of biofeedback foundation, for example, worn as long as selection refers to Structure, so that it may obtain body temperature information, blood physiology information, and/or skin power information from finger, so that it may simply be loosened Biofeedback, it is quite convenient.
Furthermore when using wearable physiology detection apparatus according to the present utility model, wearing only need to be simply placed Structure puts on one's glasses for example, putting on ring, puts on earphone, puts on bracelet etc., is equal to complete setting for physiology sensing element It sets, then, need to only start to carry out physiological detection and real-time physiologic information is obtained by information provider unit, so that it may carry out physiology Feedback, it is quite convenient, and also due to so simple and convenient setting, when in use just almost without time, the limitation in place, For example, during commuting, before sleep etc. be all time, the place that can carry out biofeedback, considerably aid and promote user and make User's wish.
Relatively, tradition is when carrying out biofeedback, used physiology detection apparatus, the feelings that wiring complexity is presented more Shape is usually all for example to have a machine to be set on the table of user at one's side, is being wired to user's body from machine On, for example, just having a plurality of line if carrying out the detection of brain electric signal and being connected to user head, if measurement skin electric signal, leads to Frequently with mode be two fingers for thering are two lines to be respectively connected to user, it is also the same to need to connect if carrying out temperature check Line is to the position of body temperature to be obtained, and in this case, user, which is equal to, just to be tied up before table, not only limits the place used, It is also equal to limit the time used, it is quite inconvenient.
Certainly, which, also can be during others dress uses other than for during biofeedback For provide user it is relevant other notice, instruction etc., for example, can when the physiological signal detected meets implied terms, For example, cardiac arrhythmia, occurs in rapid heart beat, blood oxygen concentration is excessively low, is reminded by the various modes such as sound, vibration, flash of light User, therefore, there is no limit.
In addition, it is external device (ED) that the information provider unit is also implementable, for example, smartphone, smart watch are put down Plate, computer etc. only need to include again in this case a wireless transport module in device according to the present utility model, for example, blue Tooth module, so that it may reach with the wireless communication between the external device (ED), and provide user's information in real time during biofeedback, lift It for example, is transmitted using the real-time radio between smartphone, for example, by executing application on mobile phone (APP) and It is linked up between physiology detection apparatus with it with wearing, above-mentioned various either visions, the sense of hearing or tactile can the sides of perception Formula can all be reached using mobile phone, not only can reduce the burden of hand, also due to smartphone, plate etc. are various portable Electronic device has been fully immersed into the daily life of user, operationally also relatively easy, without additional study.
In addition, this wireless is linked up in addition to also can be used for simple information and transmit, for example, institute for outer during biofeedback The physiological signal of acquisition and testing result etc., it is in this case, then implementable to be transmitted for real-time radio, or be embodied as It is carried out after physiology monitoring, there is no limit, also therefore, also settable memory in the shell, to store acquired physiology news Number, and external device (ED) is downloaded to after monitoring, certainly, memory can also be used as the buffer storage before wireless transmission, not have Limitation.
Here, it is noted that this it is wireless link up, memory will may be implemented in the device in the aforementioned all embodiments of this case, Also it that is, a wireless transport module all can be further configured in so far mentioned any device herein, and carries out and an external device (ED) Between wireless communication, for example, can be used to for measured physiologic information being sent to external device (ED) or the external device (ED) can pass through This is wireless to link up and controls the device with wearing user, sets, and/or one memory of configuration, all without limitation, and So configuration promotes wearing form performance easy to use further, quite has an advantage.
In conclusion the utility model provides the concept of multipurpose physiology detection apparatus, using different wear structures, Conveniently and it can be simply disposed in different physical feelings, and then obtain different lifes in the case of using same device Signal is managed, it is not only cost-effective, more reach and allow user that can change usage mode as demand is different, and then is most accorded with The purpose of physiological signal needed for closing.

Claims (14)

1. a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system, to carry out physiology monitoring during sleep characterized by comprising
One physiology signal capturing unit, comprising:
One shell;
One physiology signal capturing circuit, is at least partly placed among the shell;And
One optical sensor is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and is set to the surface of the shell;
One finger wears structure, to be set on the finger of a user;And
One another wear structure is combined to another body part of user one other than the upper limb where the hand,
Wherein,
Shell tool selectively can refer to that wearing one of structure and another wear structure combines with this;
Wherein,
When the shell is when this refers to that wearing structure combines, which is arranged at the position that can contact the finger, certainly should Finger obtains the blood physiology signal of the user, further to learn that blood oxygen concentration changes;And
Wherein,
When the shell is combined with another wear structure, the physiological signal acquisition unit from another body part to take Obtain the physiologic information of the user.
2. the system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the optical sensor is embodied as reflective optical sensor.
3. the system as claimed in claim 1, wherein this refers to that wearing structure is embodied as being set to one of lower column position, packet It includes: finger tip, finger joint where proximal phalanx, finger joint where middle phalanx, and the palm portion to connect with the finger, Yi Jiqi In, this refer to wear structure be embodied as it is one of following, comprising: refer to clamping structure, fingerstall structure, ring structure connects palm cover Finger wear structure, and be embodied as made by least one of following material, comprising: rigid material, soft materials, with And elastic material.
4. the system as claimed in claim 1, wherein another wear structure is embodied as one of following, comprising: wears Structure, ear wear structure, and wrist wears structure and neck wears structure.
5. the system as claimed in claim 1 further includes a wireless transport module, is placed in the shell, wherein the system It is linked up by the wireless transport module and an external device (ED), and then reaches at least one following, comprising: downloading Data, and the physiologic information that real time monitoring is measured.
6. a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system, to carry out physiology monitoring during sleep characterized by comprising
One physiology signal capturing unit, comprising:
One shell;
One physiology signal capturing circuit, is at least partly placed among the shell;
One optical sensor is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and is set to the surface of the shell;
One memory is placed in the shell;And
One wireless transport module, wirelessly to be linked up with an external device (ED);And
One finger wears structure, to carry the physiological signal acquisition unit, and is set on the finger of a user,
Wherein,
Structure setting is worn when on the finger when this refers to, which is arranged at the position that can contact the finger, certainly should Finger measures the blood oxygen concentration variation of the user;
Wherein,
During sleep monitor, measured blood oxygen concentration variation is stored in the memory;And
The information of the related blood oxygen concentration variation of the external device (ED) wireless receiving, gives the user to provide.
7. system as claimed in claim 6, wherein this refers to that wearing structure is embodied as being set to one of lower column position, packet It includes: finger tip, finger joint where proximal phalanx, finger joint where middle phalanx, and the palm portion to connect with the finger.
8. a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system characterized by comprising
One multipurpose physiology detection apparatus, comprising:
One finger wears structure, which is set on the finger of a user;
One physiology signal capturing circuit;
One physiological signal sensing element is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry;And
One wireless transport module;And
One information provider unit,
Wherein,
The physiological signal sensing element is configured as obtaining an at least autonomic nerve related physiological information from the finger, and by being somebody's turn to do Information provider unit and provide give the user in real time;And
During the sleep of the user, which is constructed to obtain a sleep physiology state from the finger Relevant information.
9. system as claimed in claim 8, wherein the physiological signal sensing element is embodied as at least one following, It include: optical sensor, skin pricktest electrode, temperature sensor and action sensing element, to obtain following physiological signal extremely It is one of few, comprising: heart rate, blood oxygen concentration, blood flow variation, skin electric signal, body temperature, body action information.
10. a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system characterized by comprising
One physiology signal capturing unit, comprising:
One shell;
One physiology signal capturing circuit, is at least partially arranged in the shell;And
An at least optical sensor is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and is set to the surface of the shell;
One finger wears structure, to be set to the finger of a user;And
One wrist wears structure, to be set to the wrist of the user,
Wherein,
The shell is configured as tool and selectively refers to that wearing structure and the wrist wears one of structure and combine with this;And
Wherein,
When the shell is when this refers to that wearing structure combines and be arranged at the finger, which is configured as can be certainly The finger at least obtains the blood oxygen concentration variation of the user;And
When the shell is when the wrist wears structure and combines and be arranged at the wrist, which is configured as can be certainly The wrist at least obtains the heart rate information of the user.
11. further including system as claimed in claim 10, an action sensing element, to obtain the body action of the user Information.
12. a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system characterized by comprising
One multipurpose physiology detection apparatus, comprising:
One finger wears structure, the multipurpose physiology detection apparatus to be set on the finger of a user;
One physiology signal capturing circuit;And
One temperature sensor is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and is configured as obtaining the user from the finger A body temperature information;And
One information provider unit,
Wherein,
The body temperature information is constructed to be provided in real time by the information provider unit and give the user.
13. a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system characterized by comprising
One multipurpose physiology detection apparatus, comprising:
One finger wears structure, the multipurpose physiology detection apparatus to be set on the finger of a user;
One physiology signal capturing circuit;
One optical sensor is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and is configured as obtaining heart rate information from the finger;And
At least two skin pricktest electrodes are electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and are configured as obtaining skin pricktest from the finger Signal;And
One information provider unit is wirelessly linked up with the multipurpose physiology detection apparatus,
Wherein,
An at least notification information based on the heart rate information and the skin electric signal is constructed through the information provider unit And it provides give the user in real time.
14. a kind of multipurpose physiology-detecting system, to carry out physiology monitoring during sleep characterized by comprising
One physiology signal capturing unit, comprising:
One shell;
One physiology signal capturing circuit, is at least partly placed among the shell;
One optical sensor is electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry, and be set to the shell surface and
At least two electric contact areas are electrically connected to the physiological signal acquisition circuitry;And
One wears structure, to carry the physiological signal acquisition unit, and is set on the head of a user, comprising:
At least two electrodes are configured as being located at when being arranged at the head, on the surface that can contact skin of head;
Wherein,
When this wears the structural bearing physiological signal acquisition unit, at least two electrodes are formed at least two electric contact areas with this Electrical connection, so that the physiological signal acquisition circuitry can obtain the brain electric signal of the user by least two electrodes;And
The physiological signal acquisition circuitry is further changed by the blood oxygen concentration that the optical sensor obtains the user;And
Wherein,
The brain electric signal and blood oxygen concentration variation are presented to the user.
CN201820218131.0U 2018-02-07 2018-02-07 Multipurpose physiology-detecting system Expired - Fee Related CN209474599U (en)

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CN201820218131.0U CN209474599U (en) 2018-02-07 2018-02-07 Multipurpose physiology-detecting system
PCT/CN2019/074386 WO2019154312A1 (en) 2018-02-07 2019-02-01 Multi-purpose physiological examination apparatus and system

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110115567A (en) * 2018-02-07 2019-08-13 周常安 Multipurpose physiology-detecting system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110115567A (en) * 2018-02-07 2019-08-13 周常安 Multipurpose physiology-detecting system

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