TWI701016B - Multi-purpose physiological detection device - Google PatentsMulti-purpose physiological detection device Download PDF
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本發明相關於一種多用途生理檢測裝置，實施為耳戴形式，可透過特殊的電極配置設計，即使使用同一個裝置，亦可與身體不同部位接觸而分別取得不同投影角度的心電訊號。 The present invention relates to a multi-purpose physiological detection device, implemented as an ear-worn form, and can be designed with a special electrode configuration. Even if the same device is used, it can contact different parts of the body to obtain ECG signals with different projection angles.
本發明相關於一種多用途生理檢測裝置以及系統，特別地是，相關於一種可經使用者選擇而設置於不同身體部位，以取得不同部位的同種生理訊號、及/或取得不同種類生理訊號，且可應用於不同領域的多用途生理檢測裝置以及系統。 The present invention relates to a multi-purpose physiological detection device and system, in particular, to a type that can be selected by a user to be installed on different body parts to obtain the same physiological signals of different parts and/or to obtain different kinds of physiological signals, And it can be applied to multi-purpose physiological detection devices and systems in different fields.
穿戴形式的生理檢測裝置已越來越普及，並漸漸融入現代人的日常生活中。 Wearable physiological detection devices have become more and more popular, and gradually integrated into the daily life of modern people.
舉例而言，腕戴式的生理監測裝置就是現今相當常見且普及的穿戴式生理檢測裝置，許多人都會於日常生活中配戴，例如，以紀錄自身的心率變化，或是活動情形等，是已廣為消費者所接受的一種穿戴形式；另外，當運用於運動期間時，上臂配戴形式亦是常採用的方式，除了可配合音樂播放外，也因為手腕晃動的動作相對而言較大，若有需要紀錄活動情形時，上臂會是較不受影響的位置；再者，也有耳戴式的生理監測裝置，例如，與耳機結合的形式，以讓使用者可在日常生活的行為中自然取得生理訊號。另外，在睡眠期間的生理監測同樣也越來越受重視，例如，已有腕戴裝置及/或指戴裝置被用來偵測睡眠期間的睡眠品質。此外，也有越來越多的生理回饋應用採用穿戴裝置來實現其生理檢測的需求。 For example, wrist-worn physiological monitoring devices are very common and popular wearable physiological monitoring devices. Many people wear them in their daily lives, for example, to record their own heart rate changes or activity status. It has been widely accepted by consumers as a form of wearing; in addition, when used during exercise, the upper arm wearing form is also a common way. In addition to being compatible with music playback, the movement of the wrist is relatively large. , If it is necessary to record the activity situation, the upper arm will be the less affected position; in addition, there are also ear-worn physiological monitoring devices, for example, combined with earphones, so that the user can perform daily activities Naturally obtain physiological signals. In addition, physiological monitoring during sleep has also received more and more attention. For example, wrist-worn devices and/or finger-worn devices have been used to detect sleep quality during sleep. In addition, more and more physiological feedback applications use wearable devices to achieve their physiological detection needs.
基於每個人需求的不同，有可能單種裝置就可滿足使用需求，也有可能需要多個裝置來檢測各種不同的生理訊號，當有多種需求時，使用者多只能因應不同需求而添購相對應的生理檢測裝置，造成成本的增加， 或是從眾多需求中做出選擇，僅購買所選擇的生理檢測裝置，使得無法全面地獲得所需的生理資訊。 Based on the different needs of each person, it is possible that a single device can meet the needs of use, or it may require multiple devices to detect various physiological signals. When there are multiple needs, users can only purchase additional ones according to different needs. Corresponding physiological detection devices, resulting in increased costs, Or make a choice from many needs and only purchase the selected physiological detection device, making it impossible to fully obtain the required physiological information.
因此，若能夠提供一種多用途生理檢測裝置，讓使用者依據不同的需求而設置於不同的身體部位，以相應地取得不同的生理訊號，進而可於不同的使用期間進行檢測，及/或進行不同的生理檢測或應用程序，對於消費者而言，將是更具成本效益的選擇。 Therefore, if a multi-purpose physiological detection device can be provided, the user can set it on different body parts according to different needs, so as to obtain different physiological signals accordingly, and then perform detection during different periods of use, and/or Different physiological tests or applications will be a more cost-effective choice for consumers.
本發明的目的在於提供一種多用途生理檢測裝置以及系統，其利用單一殼體即可達到於身體不同位置取得生理資訊的效果，具成本效應。 The purpose of the present invention is to provide a multi-purpose physiological detection device and system, which utilizes a single housing to achieve the effect of obtaining physiological information at different positions of the body, and has a cost effect.
本發明的另一目的在於提供一種多用途生理檢測裝置，其透過生理感測元件的配置位置設計，而達成於即使被設置於不同的身體位置亦可取得生理訊號的效果。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a multi-purpose physiological detection device, which achieves the effect of obtaining physiological signals even if it is installed in different body positions through the design of the arrangement position of the physiological sensing element.
本發明的再一目的在於提供一種多用途生理檢測裝置，其透過與不同穿戴結構相結合而可被設置於身體的不同位置，進而取得不同的生理訊號。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a multi-purpose physiological detection device, which can be set in different positions of the body by combining with different wearing structures to obtain different physiological signals.
本發明的再一目的在於提供一種多用途生理檢測裝置，其採用穿戴形式並可於睡眠期間及/或生理回饋期間使用，幫助使用者瞭解自身的睡眠生理狀態及/或進行自我意識調控。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a multi-purpose physiological detection device, which adopts a wearable form and can be used during sleep and/or physiological feedback to help users understand their own sleep physiological state and/or perform self-consciousness control.
101、502‧‧‧下表面 101, 502‧‧‧ lower surface
110‧‧‧生理訊號擷取電路 110‧‧‧Physiological signal acquisition circuit
120、330、332、810、910‧‧‧電極 120, 330, 332, 810, 910‧‧‧ electrode
122、340、522‧‧‧光感測器 122, 340, 522‧‧‧light sensor
122a‧‧‧發射元件 122a‧‧‧Transmitting element
122b‧‧‧接收元件 122b‧‧‧Receiving component
200、600a、600b、600c、600d、600e‧‧‧指戴結構 200, 600a, 600b, 600c, 600d, 600e‧‧‧Finger wear structure
310、312、410、420‧‧‧耳戴結構 310, 312, 410, 420‧‧‧Ear wear structure
314‧‧‧連接線 314‧‧‧Connecting line
316‧‧‧長形構件 316‧‧‧Long component
400、700‧‧‧頭戴結構 400, 700‧‧‧Headwear structure
504‧‧‧上表面 504‧‧‧Upper surface
506、508‧‧‧側表面 506, 508‧‧‧ side surface
510a、510b、512a、512b、514‧‧‧電接觸區域 510a, 510b, 512a, 512b, 514‧‧‧electric contact area
710‧‧‧結合結構 710‧‧‧Combined structure
740‧‧‧延伸電極 740‧‧‧Extension electrode
800‧‧‧頸戴結構 800‧‧‧Neck wear structure
900‧‧‧腕戴結構 900‧‧‧Wrist Wear Structure
圖1顯示根據本發明多用途生理檢測裝置的電路示意圖；圖2A-2B顯示光感測器取得血液生理資訊的方式；圖3A-3C顯示根據本發明多用途生理檢測裝置實施為指戴形式的較佳實施示意圖；圖4A-4B顯示根據本發明多用途生理檢測裝置的其他較佳實施例； 圖5顯示根據本發明多用途生理檢測裝置實施為頭戴形式的較佳實施示意圖；圖6A-6C顯示根據本發明多用途生理檢測裝置實施為耳戴形式的較佳實施示意圖；圖7A-7B顯示根據本發明多用途生理檢測裝置實施為耳戴形式時的操作示意圖；圖8A-8C顯示根據本發明多用途生理檢測裝置實施為另一種耳戴形式的較佳實施示意圖；圖9A-9C顯示本發明多用途生理檢測裝置實施為頭戴配合耳戴形式的較佳實施示意圖；圖10A-10B顯示根據本發明多用途生理檢測裝置的另一較佳實施例；圖11A-11F顯示根據本發明多用途生理檢測裝置實施為指戴形式的較佳實施示意圖；圖12A-12B顯示根據本發明多用途生理檢測裝置實施為頭戴形式的較佳實施示意圖；圖13A-13B顯示根據本發明多用途生理檢測裝置實施為頸戴形式的較佳實施示意圖；圖14A-14B顯示根據本發明多用途生理檢測裝置實施為腕戴形式的較佳實施示意圖；以及圖15顯示根據本發明多用途生理檢測裝置實施為指戴形式的另一較佳實施示意圖。 Fig. 1 shows a schematic circuit diagram of the multi-purpose physiological detection device according to the present invention; Figs. 2A-2B show the way in which the light sensor obtains blood physiological information; Figs. 3A-3C show the multi-purpose physiological detection device according to the present invention implemented in a finger-worn form A schematic diagram of a preferred implementation; FIGS. 4A-4B show other preferred embodiments of the multi-purpose physiological detection device according to the present invention; Fig. 5 shows a schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of the multi-purpose physiological detection device according to the present invention implemented as a head-worn form; Figs. 6A-6C show a schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of the multi-purpose physiological detection device according to the present invention implemented as an ear-worn form; Fig. 7A-7B Shows a schematic diagram of the operation of the multi-purpose physiological detection device according to the present invention when implemented as an ear-worn form; Figures 8A-8C show schematic diagrams of preferred implementations of the multi-purpose physiological detection device according to the present invention implemented as another ear-worn form; Figure 9A-9C shows A schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of the multi-purpose physiological detection device of the present invention implemented as a head-mounted and ear-worn form; FIGS. 10A-10B show another preferred embodiment of the multi-purpose physiological detection device according to the present invention; A schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of the multi-purpose physiological detection device implemented as a finger-worn form; Figures 12A-12B show a schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of the multi-purpose physiological detection device implemented as a head-worn form according to the present invention; Figures 13A-13B show a multi-purpose according to the present invention A schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment of the physiological detection device implemented as a neck-worn form; Figures 14A-14B show a schematic diagram of a preferred implementation of the multi-purpose physiological detection device according to the present invention as a wrist-worn form; and Figure 15 shows a multi-purpose physiological detection device according to the present invention A schematic diagram of another preferred embodiment implemented as a finger-wearing form.
在本發明的概念中，為了達到多用途的目的，採用的手段是，將進行生理訊號檢測所需要的電路、元件、生理感測元件等儘可能地集中於同一個殼體上，如此一來，只需透過更換穿戴結構的方式，就可很容易地 改變殼體的設置位置或設置方式，進而取得不同的生理訊號。 In the concept of the present invention, in order to achieve the purpose of multi-purpose, the method adopted is to concentrate the circuits, components, and physiological sensing components required for physiological signal detection on the same housing as much as possible. , Just by changing the wearing structure, you can easily Change the setting position or setting method of the housing to obtain different physiological signals.
據此，根據本發明的多用途生理檢測裝置，會有一殼體作為主體，以主要作為容置電路/元件以及設置生理感測元件之用。如圖1所示，根據本發明的多用途生理檢測裝置會括一生理訊號擷取電路110，並電連接至生理感測元件，例如，電極、及/或光感測器，以取得生理訊號，在此，需注意地是，該生理訊號擷取電路中會包括所有用以取得生理訊號所必須的電路及元件，例如，處理器，類比訊號處理器，類比數位轉換器，濾波器，記憶體，電池等，由於已為本領域具通常知識者所熟知，故即不贅述；另外，若有無線傳輸需求時，例如，用以將所取得的生理訊號傳輸至外部裝置時，則還可包括無線傳輸模組，或者，記憶體也可實施為可移除的形式。因此，可依實際需求而設置不同的電路、元件、及/或模組等，皆屬本發明的範疇，沒有一定的限制。 Accordingly, the multi-purpose physiological detection device according to the present invention has a housing as the main body, which is mainly used for accommodating circuits/components and arranging physiological sensing components. As shown in FIG. 1, the multi-purpose physiological detection device according to the present invention includes a physiological signal capture circuit 110, and is electrically connected to physiological sensing elements, such as electrodes, and/or light sensors, to obtain physiological signals , Here, it should be noted that the physiological signal acquisition circuit will include all necessary circuits and components to obtain physiological signals, such as processors, analog signal processors, analog-to-digital converters, filters, memory The body, battery, etc., are already well known by those with ordinary knowledge in the field, so I won’t repeat them. In addition, if there is a wireless transmission requirement, for example, to transmit the acquired physiological signal to an external device, it can also be The wireless transmission module is included, or the memory can also be implemented in a removable form. Therefore, different circuits, components, and/or modules, etc., can be provided according to actual needs, which are all within the scope of the present invention and are not limited.
至於所採用的生理感測元件的種類，則沒有一定的限制，可依實際需求而定。舉例而言，可僅包括至少二個訊號擷取電極，以取得電生理訊號，例如，心電訊號，腦電訊號，眼電訊號，肌電訊號，皮膚電訊號等，也可僅包括光感測器，以取得血液生理資訊，例如，當具有一種光源時，可取得心率，血流量等，而當具有兩種以上光源時，則可取得血氧濃度，當然也可以同時包括訊號擷取電極以及光感測器，因此，沒有限制。 As for the type of physiological sensing element used, there is no certain limit, and it can be determined according to actual needs. For example, it can only include at least two signal extraction electrodes to obtain electrophysiological signals, such as ECG signals, brain signals, ocular signals, myoelectric signals, skin signals, etc., or only light sensing Detector to obtain blood physiological information. For example, when there is one light source, heart rate, blood flow, etc. can be obtained, and when there are more than two light sources, blood oxygen concentration can be obtained. Of course, it can also include signal extraction electrodes. And the light sensor, so there is no limit.
在此，需要說明地是，一般在擷取電生理訊號時，多會設置訊號擷取電極以及接地電極，其中，訊號擷取電極在於取得電生理訊號，而接地電極的作用則在於移除背景雜訊，而在本文中敘述的所有電極，則皆屬於訊號擷取電極，然為避免用詞過於冗長，在接下來的敘述中，皆以「電極」代表「訊號擷取電極」，至於接地電極的設置，一般則是會依實際需求而選擇性的進行設置，故在本文中即省略不贅述，另外，為使敘述更為精簡，當電極被用來取得特定種類的電生理訊號時，將直接敘述為該種類電 生理訊號的電極，例如，心電電極，腦電電極，眼電電極，肌電電極，皮膚電電極等。 Here, it should be noted that generally when capturing electrophysiological signals, signal extraction electrodes and ground electrodes are often installed. Among them, the signal extraction electrodes are used to obtain electrophysiological signals, and the function of the ground electrodes is to remove the background. Noise, and all the electrodes described in this article are signal extraction electrodes. However, in order to avoid too long words, in the following description, "electrodes" are used to represent "signal extraction electrodes", as for grounding The setting of the electrode is generally set selectively according to actual needs, so I will not repeat it in this article. In addition, in order to make the description more concise, when the electrode is used to obtain a specific type of electrophysiological signal, Will be directly described as this type of electricity Electrodes for physiological signals, for example, ECG electrodes, brain electricity electrodes, eye electrodes, myoelectric electrodes, skin electrodes, etc.
並且，在此所述的電極，即為一般所熟知之可感測到人體自發電位差的導電材質，例如，金屬，導電纖維，導電橡膠，導電矽膠等，故在接下來的敘述中，僅針對電極的設置位置、設置方式、形狀等進行敘述。 In addition, the electrodes mentioned here are generally known conductive materials that can sense the self-generation of the human body, such as metals, conductive fibers, conductive rubber, conductive silicone, etc., so in the following description, only for The installation position, installation method and shape of the electrode are described.
另外，光感測器則是指同時具有光發射元件以及光接收元件的感測器，其是透過光發射元件發出光線進入人體組織，而光線則是在穿透血管中的血液、或經血液反射後被光接收元件所接收，之後，再透過取得光線所發生的容積變化而取得血液生理資訊。 In addition, a light sensor refers to a sensor that has both a light emitting element and a light receiving element. It emits light through the light emitting element and enters the human tissue, and the light penetrates the blood in the blood vessel or through the blood. After being reflected, it is received by the light receiving element, and then the blood physiological information is obtained by obtaining the volume change caused by the light.
一般而言，當實施為透過穿透方式取得血液生理資訊時，如圖2A所示，光發射元件122a以及光接收元件122b會分別設置於測量部位，例如，手指，的兩側，而當實施為透過反射方式取得血液生理資訊時，如圖2B所示，則光發射元件122a以及光接收元件122b會被設置於測量部位，例如，手指，的同側，另外，當設置位置介於上述兩種位置之間時，則視實際情形不同，可能為穿透方式及/或反射方式。 Generally speaking, when it is implemented to obtain blood physiological information through a penetrating method, as shown in FIG. 2A, the light emitting element 122a and the light receiving element 122b are respectively arranged on both sides of the measurement site, such as a finger, and when implemented In order to obtain blood physiological information through reflection, as shown in FIG. 2B, the light emitting element 122a and the light receiving element 122b will be placed on the same side of the measurement site, for example, the finger. In addition, when the placement position is between the above two Between these positions, depending on the actual situation, it may be a penetration method and/or a reflection method.
此外，即使採用可更換穿戴結構的形式，但不受限地，亦可將生理感測元件設置於穿戴結構上，而這樣所帶來的好處則是，可透過更換穿戴結構而達到，例如，更換生理感測元件的種類、增減生理感測元件的數量、變更生理感測元件的設置位置等各種選擇，同樣相當具有優勢，至於詳細的實施方式則敘述於後。 In addition, even in the form of a replaceable wearable structure, without limitation, the physiological sensing element can also be arranged on the wearable structure, and the advantage brought by this is that it can be achieved by replacing the wearable structure, for example, Various options such as changing the types of physiological sensing elements, increasing or decreasing the number of physiological sensing elements, and changing the arrangement positions of the physiological sensing elements are also quite advantageous. As for the detailed implementation manners, described later.
首先，在本案第一方面構想中，選擇了以手指為主的多用途設計。 First of all, in the first aspect of the case, a multi-purpose design with fingers as the mainstay was chosen.
選擇指戴形式的好處在於，這個位置是日常生活中已廣為接受的設置位置，許多人都有配戴戒指的習慣，無須適應的過程，且在使用期間不顯突兀。 The advantage of choosing the finger-wearing style is that this position is a widely accepted setting position in daily life. Many people have the habit of wearing a ring. There is no need to adapt, and it is not obtrusive during use.
如圖3A-3B所示，一指戴結構200上承載有一殼體100，而在殼 體上則設置有生理感測元件，例如，電極及/或光感測器，其中，當實施為電極時，可將兩個電極120皆設置於殼體會與手指接觸的表面上(如圖3A所示)，以取得皮膚電訊號、肌電訊號等；或是如圖3B所示，可將一個電極120設置於會與手指接觸的表面上，並於不與該手指接觸的表面上再設置另一個電極120，以透過分別接觸身體不同部位的方式而取得心電訊號；另外，當實施為光感測器時，則是可將該光感測器設置於殼體朝向手指接觸的表面上，並確保用來感測的光可進入手指，以在穿戴過程中，透過光感測器而自手指取得血液生理資訊，或者，也可將光感測器設置於殼體朝外的表面上，透過與接觸其他的身體部位，例如，另一手，而取得血液生理資訊；再者，亦可實施為同時設置電極以及光感測器，在此情形下，電極與光感測器的配置則依實際需求可以有各種組合，沒有一定的限制。 As shown in FIGS. 3A-3B, a finger-wearing structure 200 carries a shell 100, and the shell 100 is The body is provided with physiological sensing elements, such as electrodes and/or light sensors. When implemented as electrodes, both electrodes 120 can be provided on the surface of the housing that will contact the fingers (as shown in FIG. 3A Shown), to obtain the skin signal, myoelectric signal, etc.; or as shown in Figure 3B, an electrode 120 can be placed on the surface that will be in contact with the finger, and then placed on the surface not in contact with the finger The other electrode 120 obtains ECG signals by contacting different parts of the body respectively; in addition, when implemented as a light sensor, the light sensor can be arranged on the surface of the housing facing the finger contact , And ensure that the light used for sensing can enter the finger, so that during the wearing process, the blood physiological information can be obtained from the finger through the light sensor, or the light sensor can be arranged on the outer surface of the housing , Through and contact with other body parts, such as the other hand, to obtain blood physiological information; furthermore, it can also be implemented to set electrodes and light sensors at the same time. In this case, the configuration of electrodes and light sensors is According to actual needs, there can be various combinations without certain restrictions.
因此，很方便地，使用者只需戴上戒指就可進行生理檢測，且由於戒指形式使用上幾乎不妨礙日常生活，也不顯突兀，因此，很適合於日常生活中使用。 Therefore, it is very convenient that the user can perform physiological testing only by wearing the ring, and because the ring is used in a form that hardly hinders daily life and is not obtrusive, it is very suitable for daily use.
在此，該指戴結構的形式沒有限制，只要是能將殼體維持於手指上，並可同時達成生理感測元件的設置即可，例如，可以是環形結構，C型結構等，例如，指環結構，指夾結構，指套結構，綁帶結構等都是可採用的方式，另外，材質也可以有不同的選擇，例如，可實施為硬性材質，例如，塑膠，金屬等，也可實施為軟性材質及/或彈性材質，例如，矽膠、橡膠、布料等，都是可行的方式，亦即，上述的各種指戴結構，在可實現的範圍內，都可利用堅硬的材質、或是柔軟/彈性的材質、或是混合材質來製作，沒有限制。 Here, the form of the finger-wearing structure is not limited, as long as it can maintain the housing on the finger and achieve the arrangement of the physiological sensing element at the same time. For example, it can be a ring structure, a C-shaped structure, etc., for example, Finger ring structure, finger clip structure, finger sleeve structure, strap structure, etc. are all available methods. In addition, the material can also have different options, for example, it can be implemented as a hard material, such as plastic, metal, etc., or it can be implemented Flexible materials and/or elastic materials, such as silicone, rubber, cloth, etc., are all feasible methods. That is, the various finger-wearing structures mentioned above can be made of hard materials, or There are no restrictions on soft/flexible materials or mixed materials.
接下來，只要殼體實施為可與該指戴結構分離，就可實現為多用途的目的。其中一選擇是，透過另一個穿戴結構而設置於身體的其他部位，舉例而言，可透過貼片結構、或是頸戴結構而設置於軀幹，在此情形下， 原本設置於同一表面上的電極就可同時接觸軀幹而取得心電訊號、肌電訊號、及/或皮膚電訊號，或者，設置於相對表面的電極就可透過一手按壓而分別接觸該手以及軀幹而取得心電訊號，至於光感測器則可自軀幹、或是自接觸的該手取得血液生理資訊；或者，也可透過腕戴結構而設置於腕部，無論是電極或光感測器，都可順利取得各種生理訊號/資訊，例如，相對面的電極可透過接觸該腕部以及身體的另一部份，例如，另一手，或是軀幹，而取得心電訊號，而設置於同一表面的電極則可自腕部取得肌電訊號，皮膚電訊號等，而且，由於原本實施為指戴形式，因此，殼體被設置於腕部的時候，體積會非常小，類似於手環的感覺，負擔相當小。 Next, as long as the shell is implemented to be separable from the finger-wearing structure, it can be realized for multi-purpose purposes. One option is to install on other parts of the body through another wearing structure. For example, it can be installed on the torso through a patch structure or a neck wearing structure. In this case, The electrodes originally arranged on the same surface can touch the torso at the same time to obtain ECG signals, myoelectric signals, and/or skin signals, or the electrodes arranged on the opposite surface can touch the hand and the torso separately by pressing with one hand To obtain the ECG signal, the light sensor can obtain blood physiological information from the torso or from the hand that is in contact; or it can also be set on the wrist through the wrist-worn structure, whether it is an electrode or a light sensor , All kinds of physiological signals/information can be obtained smoothly. For example, the electrodes on the opposite side can obtain ECG signals by touching the wrist and another part of the body, such as the other hand or the torso, and set them in the same The electrodes on the surface can obtain myoelectric signals, skin signals, etc. from the wrist. Moreover, because it was originally implemented as a finger-worn form, when the shell is placed on the wrist, the volume will be very small, similar to that of a bracelet I feel that the burden is quite small.
另一種選擇則是，可變更指戴結構的尺寸，以適應不同的手指尺寸、或是不同使用者的手指，尤其當該指戴結構實施為指環形式時，例如，戒指時，由於屬於剛性的結構，對於不同手指的適應有其限制，因此，若可更換不同尺寸的環體，就能簡單地使單個裝置適應不同尺寸的手指，如此一來，除了同一個使用者可自由選擇設置的手指外，不同的使用者也能共享使用同一個裝置，相當具成本效益。 Another option is to change the size of the finger-wearing structure to adapt to different finger sizes or fingers of different users, especially when the finger-wearing structure is implemented in the form of a ring, such as a ring, because it is rigid The structure has limitations on the adaptation of different fingers. Therefore, if the ring body of different sizes can be replaced, a single device can be easily adapted to fingers of different sizes. In this way, except for the fingers that the same user can freely choose In addition, different users can share and use the same device, which is very cost-effective.
在實際實施時，其中一種實施方式是，該可更換的指戴結構實施為不具有生理感測元件，只是單純的結構，在此情形下，用來執行生理檢測的電極、光感測器、生理訊號擷取電路等，都設置於可與該指戴結構相結合的殼體中，亦即，殼體與指戴結構間僅是單純的機械結合，其中，該光感測器可被設置於當殼體與指戴結構結合時，面向手指的方向或是朝外的方向，另外，電極的設置則依所取得的生理訊號不同而有所不同，例如，若用來取得心電訊號，則需要一個電極接觸手指，另一個電極露出而可供身體其他部分接觸，若用來取得肌電訊號及/或皮膚電訊號，則需要兩個電極位於同一面，例如，同時接觸手指，或同時露出而接觸身體的其他部分。 In actual implementation, one of the implementations is that the replaceable finger-wear structure is implemented as a simple structure without physiological sensing elements. In this case, electrodes, light sensors, and The physiological signal capture circuit, etc., are all arranged in a shell that can be combined with the finger-wearing structure, that is, the shell and the finger-wearing structure are only mechanically combined, wherein the light sensor can be set When the shell is combined with the finger-wearing structure, it faces the finger or the outward direction. In addition, the setting of the electrode varies according to the physiological signal obtained. For example, if it is used to obtain an ECG signal, One electrode needs to be in contact with the finger, and the other electrode is exposed for contact with other parts of the body. If used to obtain myoelectric signals and/or skin signals, the two electrodes need to be on the same surface, for example, touching the fingers at the same time, or at the same time Expose and touch other parts of the body.
再者，另一種實施選擇是，該可更換的指戴結構實施為具有生理 感測元件，例如，光感測器及/或電極，此時，則是指戴結構與殼體間除了機械結合外，亦需達成電性連接，以使得位於指戴結構上的生理感測元件可電連接至位於殼體中的生理訊號擷取電路。在此，需要注意地是，該指戴結構上的生理感測元件可以是光感測器，也可以是單個電極，以配合殼體上的電極，或者也可以是兩個電極，故可依照設計的不同而改變，沒有限制。而正如前述，光感測器包括有光發射元件以及光接收元件，因此，在設置於指戴結構上時，可選擇設置為利用穿透方式、或利用反射方式而取得血液生理訊號，皆為可行。 Furthermore, another implementation option is that the replaceable finger-wearing structure is implemented with physiological Sensing components, such as light sensors and/or electrodes, at this time, mean that in addition to the mechanical connection between the finger-wearing structure and the housing, an electrical connection is also required to enable the physiological sensing on the finger-wearing structure The component can be electrically connected to the physiological signal capture circuit in the housing. Here, it should be noted that the physiological sensing element on the finger-wearing structure can be a light sensor, or a single electrode to match the electrode on the housing, or it can be two electrodes. There are no restrictions on design changes. As mentioned above, the light sensor includes a light emitting element and a light receiving element. Therefore, when it is installed on the finger-wearing structure, it can be selected to use a penetration method or a reflection method to obtain blood physiological signals. feasible.
另外，在一特殊實施例中，則可透過更換指戴結構的材質而產生另一種特別的實施方式。當指戴結構實施為金屬材質時，如圖3C所示，例如，一般常見的不銹鋼材質戒指，則可透過讓該指戴結構與原先殼體上的其中一個電極相接觸，而使得該金屬指戴結構成為該個電極的延伸，如此一來，設置指戴結構的動作就等於是設置電極，且接觸面積也因此而增加，相當方便，再加上另一個電極位於殼體的外露表面上，因此，這樣的設置將特別適合用來進行心電訊號的擷取。這樣所帶來的優勢是，指戴結構的結構變得相當單純，無須另外設置電連接線以及電極，製作程序可最大程度地被簡化，製作成本亦可被降低。 In addition, in a special embodiment, another special implementation can be produced by changing the material of the finger-wearing structure. When the finger-wearing structure is implemented as a metal material, as shown in FIG. 3C, for example, a common stainless steel ring can be made by contacting the finger-wearing structure with one of the electrodes on the original housing to make the metal finger The wearing structure becomes an extension of the electrode. In this way, the action of setting the finger wearing structure is equivalent to setting the electrode, and the contact area is increased accordingly, which is quite convenient. In addition, another electrode is located on the exposed surface of the housing. Therefore, such a setting is particularly suitable for capturing ECG signals. The advantage brought by this is that the structure of the finger-wear structure becomes quite simple, no additional electrical connection wires and electrodes are required, the manufacturing procedure can be simplified to the greatest extent, and the manufacturing cost can also be reduced.
在此情形下，需注意地是，指戴結構的材質並不限為金屬材質，只要是導電材質且能夠與殼體相結合、並設置於手指上，都是可行選擇，例如，導電橡膠、導電矽膠、導電陶瓷、導電纖維等，不受限制，並且，亦不受限於僅由一種材質所構成，例如，可以是金屬外包覆有其他材質，以創作視覺效果，因此，只要可導電材質構成了指戴結構的主體，例如，作為支撐，即屬本發明之範疇。 In this case, it should be noted that the material of the finger-wear structure is not limited to metal materials, as long as it is a conductive material that can be combined with the housing and set on the finger, it is a feasible choice, for example, conductive rubber, Conductive silicone, conductive ceramics, conductive fibers, etc., are not limited, and are not limited to being composed of only one material. For example, metal can be coated with other materials to create visual effects. Therefore, as long as it can be conductive The material constitutes the main body of the finger wear structure, for example, as a support, it belongs to the scope of the present invention.
而且，更進一步地，當只需提供心電訊號測量時，還可直接實施為該可導電指戴結構與殼體不可分離的形式，而使該殼體固定於該指戴結 構上，如此一來，將更具成本效益。 Furthermore, when it is only necessary to provide ECG signal measurement, it can be directly implemented in a form in which the conductive finger-wearing structure and the housing are inseparable, so that the housing is fixed to the finger-wearing knot In terms of structure, this will be more cost-effective.
在本案另一方面的構想中，所選擇的則是以頭部為主的多用途設置選擇。 In another aspect of the idea of this case, the choice is a multi-purpose setting option with the head as the mainstay.
正如所熟知，頭部同樣可取得相當多的生理資訊，例如，腦電訊號，眼動訊號，肌電訊號，腦部血流量(HEG，hemoencephalography)等，因此，尤其適合於睡眠期間取得睡眠生理狀態或睡眠品質等資訊，或於生理回饋、神經生理回饋期間使用，在此前提下，若可提供設置於其他身體位置進而取得其他生理訊號的選擇，對於使用者而言，自然是另一項利多。 As is well known, the head can also obtain a lot of physiological information, such as brain electrical signals, eye movement signals, myoelectric signals, cerebral blood flow (HEG, hemoencephalography), etc. Therefore, it is especially suitable for obtaining sleep physiology during sleep Information such as state or sleep quality may be used during physiological feedback and neurophysiological feedback. Under this premise, if the option of setting in other body positions to obtain other physiological signals is provided, it is naturally another option for users profitable.
據此，在此實施例中，如圖4A-4B所示，生理感測元件被設置於殼體的下表面101，例如，圖4A顯示設置二個電極120的情形，圖4B則顯示設置光感測器122的情形，而透過這樣的方式，就可利用如圖5所示的設置方式，而自頭部取得生理訊號，例如，圖4A可取得腦電訊號、眼動訊號、皮膚電訊號、肌電訊號等，而圖4B則可取得腦部血流量，血氧濃度等，且在此情形下，如前所述地，光感測器將是採用反射方式而取得血液生理資訊，此外，更進一步地，也可實施為同時設置電極以及光感測器，以取得更多的生理訊號，例如，可實施為電極與光感測器設置於同一平面，也可設置於不同的平面，都沒有限制。 Accordingly, in this embodiment, as shown in FIGS. 4A-4B, the physiological sensing element is arranged on the lower surface 101 of the housing. For example, FIG. 4A shows a situation where two electrodes 120 are arranged, and FIG. 4B shows a light arrangement. In the case of the sensor 122, in this way, the setting method shown in FIG. 5 can be used to obtain physiological signals from the head. For example, in Figure 4A, brain signals, eye movement signals, and skin electrical signals can be obtained. , Myoelectric signals, etc., and Figure 4B can obtain brain blood flow, blood oxygen concentration, etc., and in this case, as mentioned above, the light sensor will use the reflection method to obtain blood physiological information, in addition Furthermore, it can also be implemented to provide electrodes and light sensors at the same time to obtain more physiological signals. For example, it can be implemented to arrange electrodes and light sensors on the same plane or on different planes. There are no restrictions.
在此，設置於頭部的殼體是藉由一頭戴結構而進行設置，例如，可以是綁帶、頭盔、帽子、眼鏡、貼布、黏膠等，都是可選擇的形式，另外，特別地是，頭戴結構也可實施為具有電傳導功能，舉例而言，實施為直接附著於電極上且可幫助導電的黏膠，或者，實施為與殼體上電極相互結合的導電貼片，例如，利用金屬互扣方式結合的貼片電極，例如，鈕釦貼片電極。因此，沒有限制，只要可將殼體設置於頭部，皆屬本案所主張的範圍。 Here, the shell set on the head is set by a head-wearing structure, for example, it can be straps, helmets, hats, glasses, patches, glue, etc., all of which are optional. In addition, In particular, the head-mounted structure can also be implemented as an electrically conductive function, for example, as an adhesive that is directly attached to the electrode and can help conduction, or as a conductive patch that is mutually combined with the electrode on the housing , For example, a patch electrode combined with a metal interlocking method, such as a button patch electrode. Therefore, there is no limitation, as long as the shell can be installed on the head, it falls within the scope of the claim.
接下來，當欲設置於其他位置時，根據電極及光感測器於殼體上 的位置設計，只要是能夠讓電極及光感測器接觸皮膚的設置方式皆為可行。 Next, when you want to set it in another position, according to the electrode and the light sensor on the housing The position design of, as long as it can make the electrode and light sensor contact the skin, it is feasible.
其中，當實施為光感測器時，可被設置於腕部，以自腕部取得血液生理資訊，例如，血氧濃度，心率等，或者，也可設置於前臂、或上臂等位置，同樣可取得上述的血液生理資訊，或是透過與指戴結構相結合而設置於手指上，尤其手指一直以來都是最常用來取得血液生理資訊的位置，另外，替代地，也可反向設置，使光感測器不接觸皮膚，此時，則是可透過另一手接觸光感測器的方式，同樣可取得血液生理資訊。另一個選擇是，可透過頸戴結構而將殼體設置於軀幹前方，在此情形下，光感測器可實施為朝向軀幹而接觸軀幹，也可實施為朝向外部與手部接觸。 Among them, when implemented as a light sensor, it can be installed on the wrist to obtain blood physiological information from the wrist, such as blood oxygen concentration, heart rate, etc., or it can also be installed on the forearm or upper arm. The above-mentioned blood physiological information can be obtained, or it can be set on the finger by combining with the finger-worn structure, especially the finger has always been the most commonly used position for obtaining blood physiological information. In addition, alternatively, it can also be set in reverse. Make the light sensor not touch the skin. At this time, the light sensor can be touched with the other hand, and blood physiological information can also be obtained. Another option is that the housing can be arranged in front of the torso through the neck-wearing structure. In this case, the light sensor can be implemented to face the torso and contact the torso, or it can be implemented to contact the hand towards the outside.
當實施為電極時，同樣可被設置於腕部、前臂、上臂等位置，透過二個電極120同時接觸皮膚而取得皮膚電訊號、肌電訊號等，或是透過頸戴結構而設置於軀幹前方，透過二個電極120同時接觸軀幹的皮膚，以取得心電訊號。 When implemented as an electrode, it can also be placed on the wrist, forearm, upper arm, etc., through the two electrodes 120 contacting the skin at the same time to obtain skin electrical signals, electromyographic signals, etc., or placed in front of the torso through a neck-worn structure , Through the two electrodes 120 contact the skin of the trunk at the same time to obtain the ECG signal.
如此一來，無論是採用電極或光感測器，當被設置於頭部時，都可取得頭部生理訊號，例如，腦電訊號，眼電訊號，皮膚電訊號，肌電訊號，腦部血流量，以及血氧濃度等，而當被設置於手指、腕部、上臂、前臂、軀幹前方時，則都可取得心血管相關的訊號，例如，血氧濃度、心率、心電訊號等，以及其他生理資訊，例如，皮膚電訊號，以及肌電訊號。 In this way, whether electrodes or light sensors are used, when placed on the head, physiological signals of the head can be obtained, such as brain electrical signals, eye electrical signals, skin electrical signals, electromyographic signals, brain Blood flow, blood oxygen concentration, etc., when placed in front of the fingers, wrist, upper arm, forearm, and trunk, cardiovascular-related signals can be obtained, such as blood oxygen concentration, heart rate, ECG signals, etc. And other physiological information, for example, skin signals, and myoelectric signals.
因此，透過這樣的設計，即使是同一個裝置，只要配合不同的穿戴結構，並設置於不同的身體部位，就可取得囊括相當廣泛的各種生理訊號，對使用者而言，是相當具優勢的選擇。 Therefore, through this design, even the same device, as long as it is matched with different wearing structures and installed on different body parts, it can obtain a wide range of physiological signals, which is quite advantageous for users. select.
在又一方面的構想中，所選擇的則是耳機形式的生理檢測裝置。 In another conception, the physiological detection device in the form of earphones is selected.
耳機已經是現代人日常生活中不可或缺的配件，因此，也有越來越多的生理檢測裝置實施為耳戴的形式，除了讓使用者能自然地使用，也讓生理檢測更融入日常生活，例如，耳戴形式很適合進行睡眠生理檢測、 心血管檢測、生理回饋、神經生理回饋等各種程序。 Earphones have become an indispensable accessory in modern people’s daily life. Therefore, more and more physiological testing devices are implemented as ear-wearing forms, which not only allow users to use them naturally, but also make physiological testing more integrated into daily life. For example, ear wear is very suitable for sleep physiology testing, Cardiovascular testing, physiological feedback, neurophysiological feedback and other procedures.
再者，當實施為耳戴形式時，還能自然地透過結合發聲元件而提供耳機功能，不但能提升使用意願，更有助於透過聲音而進行生理回饋、神經生理回饋等，相當具有優勢，也因此，在本文所敘述的耳戴形式可以是市面上可見的各種形式耳機，例如，有線耳機或無線耳機，以及耳道式耳機、耳塞式耳機、耳掛式耳機、頸掛式耳機、頭戴式耳機等，沒有限制，只要符合接下來所述的條件者，皆屬本案所欲主張的範疇，而且，其提供聲音的方式也可根據耳機形式的不同而有相應的改變，例如，有線耳機的聲音多來自與其相連接的可攜式電子裝置，而無線耳機則可能透過藍芽連線接收、或是直接儲存有錄音檔、MP3等，有各種可能。 Moreover, when implemented as an ear-wearing form, it can naturally provide earphone functions by combining sound components, which not only enhances the willingness to use, but also helps to provide physiological and neurophysiological feedback through sound, which is quite advantageous. Therefore, the ear-wearing form described in this article can be various forms of earphones available on the market, such as wired earphones or wireless earphones, as well as ear-canal earphones, earbud earphones, ear-hook earphones, neck-mounted earphones, headphone Wearing earphones, etc., are not limited. As long as they meet the following conditions, they are all within the scope of this case, and the way of providing sound can also be changed according to the different forms of earphones, such as wired Most of the sound of the earphone comes from the portable electronic device connected to it, while the wireless earphone may receive through a Bluetooth connection, or directly store recording files, MP3, etc. There are various possibilities.
以此作為基礎，本發明所提供的多用途生理檢測裝置，其中一種實施方式是，如圖6A-6C所示，雙耳戴的形式，包括一第一耳戴結構310以及一第二耳戴結構312，生理訊號擷取電路可設置於該第一耳戴結構中，或該第二耳戴結構中，或分置於兩個耳戴結構中，或是再設置另一殼體用以設置電路，如圖6C所示，在此情形下，該另一殼體還可用來設置控制按鈕等，故皆無限制，另外，於兩個耳戴結構上各設置一個電極，電極330以及電極332，並且，兩個耳戴結構會透過一連接線314而彼此連接，以達成電極330、電極332、以及生理訊號擷取電路間的電連接。 Based on this, one of the embodiments of the multi-purpose physiological detection device provided by the present invention is, as shown in FIGS. 6A-6C, a form of dual ear wear, including a first ear wear structure 310 and a second ear wear In structure 312, the physiological signal capture circuit can be arranged in the first ear-wearing structure, or the second ear-wearing structure, or separately in two ear-wearing structures, or another housing for setting The circuit, as shown in Figure 6C, in this case, the other housing can also be used to set control buttons, etc., so there is no limitation. In addition, an electrode, an electrode 330 and an electrode 332, are provided on each of the two ear wear structures. In addition, the two ear-wearing structures are connected to each other through a connecting wire 314 to achieve electrical connection between the electrode 330, the electrode 332, and the physiological signal capture circuit.
在此，需注意地是，電極的設置方式及位置，根據測量訊號的不同，將會有所不同，例如，電極可以設置於與耳朵皮膚接觸的位置，也可設置於不與耳朵皮膚接觸的位置；另外，除了採用於耳戴結構表面上額外增設電極，例如，設置電極片，的方式外，也可實施為其他形式，例如，可將耳戴結構的表面直接實施為電極，例如，利用塗覆導電層的方式，或是直接利用導電材質(例如，導電橡膠、導電矽膠等)形成該部分，因此，沒有限制，只要是位於耳戴結構的表面，可達成電生理訊號的擷取，皆屬 本發明的範疇。此外，特別地是，由於耳朵的構造複雜，且每個個體的構造皆不相同，故在實施時，較佳地是，可將單個電極實施為多個小面積接觸點，以增加接觸的達成機率，例如，可實施為具多個針狀結構的電極，並且，更進一步地，還可實施為具有伸縮彈性，例如，利用金屬彈簧連接器(pogo pin)作為電極，以適應耳朵結構的起伏變化，以及不同使用者的差異，增加接觸穩定性，其中，該具多個針狀結構電極則是有不同的實施選擇，例如，可以是由多個導電的針狀結構焊接於電路板上所形成，也可以是一體成形的導電基座以及多個導電針狀結構，無論是何種形式皆無限制，只要能提供多點接觸並形成與生理訊號擷取電路的電連接，進而取得電生理訊號即可，沒有限制。 Here, it should be noted that the setting method and position of the electrode will be different depending on the measurement signal. For example, the electrode can be placed in contact with the ear skin or not in contact with the ear skin. Position; In addition, in addition to additional electrodes on the surface of the ear-wearing structure, for example, electrode pads, it can also be implemented in other forms. For example, the surface of the ear-wearing structure can be directly implemented as electrodes, for example, using The method of coating the conductive layer, or directly using conductive materials (for example, conductive rubber, conductive silicone, etc.) to form the part, therefore, there is no limitation, as long as it is located on the surface of the ear-wearing structure, it can achieve the capture of electrophysiological signals. All belong to The scope of the invention. In addition, in particular, because the structure of the ear is complex and the structure of each individual is different, it is preferable to implement a single electrode as multiple small-area contact points in order to increase the achievement of contact. Probability, for example, can be implemented as electrodes with multiple needle-like structures, and, furthermore, can also be implemented as having elasticity, for example, using metal spring connectors (pogo pins) as electrodes to adapt to the undulations of the ear structure Changes and differences between different users increase contact stability. Among them, the electrode with multiple needle-like structures has different implementation options. For example, it can be welded on the circuit board by multiple conductive needle-like structures. It can also be an integrated conductive base and multiple conductive needle-like structures, no matter what the form is, there is no limitation, as long as it can provide multiple points of contact and form an electrical connection with the physiological signal capture circuit to obtain electrophysiological signals Yes, there is no limit.
在圖6A-6C中，電極330被設置於當該第一耳戴結構被設置於一耳朵上時，會與該耳朵及/或附近區域的皮膚相接觸的位置，至於電極332於該第二耳戴結構上的設置位置，則可視不同的使用情形而有不同的變化，例如，圖6A、6C顯示電極332位於不會接觸到耳朵附近皮膚的位置，以及圖6B顯示電極332位於可接觸到耳朵皮膚的位置。 In FIGS. 6A-6C, the electrode 330 is set at a position where it will contact the skin of the ear and/or the nearby area when the first ear wear structure is set on an ear. As for the electrode 332 on the second ear The setting position on the ear-wearing structure may vary depending on different usage scenarios. For example, FIGS. 6A and 6C show that the electrode 332 is located at a position that does not touch the skin near the ear, and FIG. 6B shows that the electrode 332 is located where it is accessible. The position of the ear skin.
在一種使用方式中，該第一耳戴結構放置於耳朵上，而該第二耳戴結構則被取下。在此情形下，一種選擇是，電極332接觸胸膛，以取得耳朵與胸膛所構成的心臟投影角度，另一種選擇是，電極332接觸拿持該第二耳戴結構的一手部，或是透過該手部拿持該第二耳戴結構後再將電極接觸另一上肢，以取得耳朵與一上肢的心臟投影角度。兩種選擇的差異在於，所取得的心臟投影角度不同，且也由於這樣具有連接線的設計，使用者可以自由選擇適合且希望的測量位置，以取得最佳的心電訊號。 In one mode of use, the first ear-wearing structure is placed on the ear, and the second ear-wearing structure is removed. In this case, one option is to contact the electrode 332 with the chest to obtain the projection angle of the heart formed by the ear and the chest. Another option is to contact the electrode 332 with a hand holding the second ear-wearing structure, or through the After holding the second ear-wearing structure with the hand, the electrode is contacted with another upper limb to obtain the projection angle of the ear and the heart of the upper limb. The difference between the two options is that the obtained heart projection angle is different, and because of the design of the connecting line, the user can freely choose a suitable and desired measurement position to obtain the best ECG signal.
在另一種使用方式中，則是該第一耳戴結構以及該第二耳戴結構皆被取下。在此情形下，一種選擇是，讓兩個電極皆接觸胸膛，另一種選擇則是讓兩個電極分別接觸兩手。同樣地，此兩種選擇可分別取得胸膛對 胸膛的心臟投影角度，以及兩手的心臟投影角度。 In another mode of use, both the first ear-wearing structure and the second ear-wearing structure are removed. In this case, one option is to have both electrodes touch the chest, and the other option is to have the two electrodes touch the hands. Similarly, these two options can obtain chest pair The projection angle of the heart of the chest, and the projection angle of the heart of the hands.
在再一種使用方式中，該第一耳戴結構以及該第二耳戴結構皆被放置於耳朵上，以取得心電訊號。當實施為如圖6A所示的配置時，可透過手部上舉而達成上肢與電極的接觸，如圖7A所示，同樣相當方便；另外，替代地，也可於兩個耳戴結構的外露表面上皆設置電極，如此一來，如圖7B所示，就可透過兩手分別接觸兩個分別設置於外露表面的電極而取得心電訊號。 In still another way of use, the first ear-wearing structure and the second ear-wearing structure are both placed on the ears to obtain ECG signals. When implemented in the configuration shown in Figure 6A, the upper limbs can be brought into contact with the electrodes by lifting the hands, as shown in Figure 7A, which is also quite convenient; in addition, alternatively, it can also be used in two ear-wearing structures Electrodes are provided on the exposed surface. In this way, as shown in FIG. 7B, an ECG signal can be obtained by touching two electrodes respectively provided on the exposed surface with both hands.
再進一步地，還可實施為每一個耳戴結構上皆設置有與耳朵接觸的電極以及於外露表面上的電極，如此一來，只要單手(左手或右手)舉起接觸一邊耳戴結構上的外露電極，就可配合另一邊(右邊或左邊)耳戴結構上接觸耳朵的電極，而分別形成取樣回路。而此種方式的優勢則是，耳戴結構不需要從耳朵上取下就可進行另一種心電訊號的擷取，而且，舉起左手觸碰、舉起右手觸碰、或是同時舉起兩手一起觸碰，所取得的心臟投影角度皆不同，可符合不同的應用需求。更進一步，在此內外皆設置電極的情形下，由於取得心電訊號的接觸皆由不同側耳戴結構上的電極來達成，故還可進一步將同一個耳戴結構的內外側電極實施為連續分布的同一個電極，如此一來，將可降低製作複雜度，有助於降低製作成本。 Furthermore, it can also be implemented that each ear-wearing structure is provided with electrodes that contact the ears and electrodes on the exposed surface. In this way, only one hand (left or right hand) lifts and touches the ear-wearing structure. The exposed electrodes can be matched with the electrodes on the other side (right or left) that contact the ears to form a sampling loop. The advantage of this method is that the ear-wearing structure does not need to be removed from the ear to capture another ECG signal. Moreover, the left hand is raised to touch, the right hand is raised to touch, or the same time. Touch with two hands together, the obtained heart projection angles are different, which can meet different application requirements. Furthermore, in the case where electrodes are provided both inside and outside, since the contacts for obtaining the ECG signal are all achieved by electrodes on different ear-wearing structures, the inner and outer electrodes of the same ear-wearing structure can be further implemented as a continuous distribution In this way, the manufacturing complexity can be reduced and the manufacturing cost can be reduced.
另外，在一特殊實施例中，則是分別將兩個電極被設置於該第一耳戴結構以及該第二耳戴結構的外露表面上，如此一來，同樣可以利用如圖7B的方式進行心電訊號測量，而在此情形下，由於外露表面相對地具有較大的接觸面積，故也使得耳戴結構自耳朵取下而接觸上肢或軀幹的動作能夠更為容易達成。因此，可因應各種不同的使用需求而有各種實施可能，沒有限制。 In addition, in a special embodiment, two electrodes are respectively disposed on the exposed surfaces of the first ear-wearing structure and the second ear-wearing structure. In this way, the same method as shown in FIG. 7B can be used. Electrocardiographic signal measurement. In this case, since the exposed surface has a relatively large contact area, the action of removing the ear-wearing structure from the ear and contacting the upper limbs or torso can be achieved more easily. Therefore, there are various implementation possibilities in response to various use requirements, without limitation.
在此，需要注意地是，雖然上述實施例主要以耳內殼體形式作為舉例，但並不受限於此，耳戴結構可實施為各種形式，例如，耳夾結構， 耳掛結構，或是結合形式的耳戴結構，例如，耳內殼體加耳掛結構，或是耳夾加耳內殼體結構等，只要能夠提供穩定的接觸皆為可行的選擇，而且，兩個耳戴結構亦可實施為不同種類，例如，可以一邊實施為耳夾，另一邊實施為耳內殼體，因此，沒有限制。 Here, it should be noted that although the above-mentioned embodiments mainly take the form of an ear shell as an example, it is not limited to this. The ear-wearing structure can be implemented in various forms, for example, an ear clip structure, Earhook structure, or combined form of earwear structure, for example, ear-in-ear shell plus ear-hook structure, or ear clip plus inner-ear shell structure, etc., as long as it can provide stable contact, it is a feasible choice, and, The two ear-wearing structures can also be implemented in different types, for example, one side can be implemented as an ear clip, and the other side can be implemented as an ear shell, so there is no limitation.
由於兩個耳戴結構間是透過連接線連接，因此，當至少一個耳戴結構被實施為自耳朵取下使用時，電極的接觸位置就變得非常具變化性，例如，可接觸連接線範圍內的所有位置，也因此，就有可能分別取得十二導極分別位置的心電圖，故相較於傳統取得十二導極心電圖所需配置的大量電極以及連接線數量，這樣的設計等於大幅降低了設置複雜度以及實施門檻，相當有助於以更簡便的方式來達成對於心臟的正確且詳細判斷。 Since the two ear-wearing structures are connected by a connecting wire, when at least one ear-wearing structure is implemented to be removed from the ear for use, the contact position of the electrode becomes very variable, for example, the range of the connecting wire can be touched Therefore, it is possible to obtain the electrocardiogram of the respective positions of the twelve-lead electrocardiogram respectively. Therefore, compared with the large number of electrodes and the number of connecting wires required to obtain the twelve-lead electrocardiogram, this design is equivalent to a significant reduction The setting complexity and implementation threshold are quite helpful to achieve correct and detailed judgments of the heart in a simpler way.
而且，再進一步地，除了上述使用者進行自我測量的使用方式外，基於結構的特殊性，這樣具有連接線的兩個耳戴結構的設計亦可被應用於取得他人的心電訊號。舉例而言，可將第一耳戴結構設置於他人的一耳朵上，使電極接觸該耳朵及/或附近的皮膚，再透過手持第二耳戴結構的方式，使電極接觸他人的軀幹、或上肢，如此一來，就可取得他人的心電訊號，相當方便。在此，耳夾結構是尤其適合第一耳戴結構的選擇，可以輕易地達成將耳戴結構設置於他人耳朵上的操作。 Moreover, in addition to the above-mentioned use method of self-measurement by the user, based on the particularity of the structure, the design of the two ear-wearing structures with connecting wires can also be applied to obtain the ECG signals of others. For example, the first ear-wearing structure can be set on an ear of another person, so that the electrode is in contact with the ear and/or nearby skin, and then the electrode can be brought into contact with the torso of the other person by holding the second ear-wearing structure, or In this way, the upper limbs can obtain the ECG signals of others, which is very convenient. Here, the ear clip structure is a particularly suitable choice for the first ear wearing structure, and the operation of setting the ear wearing structure on the ears of others can be easily achieved.
再進一步地，這樣的裝置還可被用來取得腦電訊號。上述的任何配置中，只要於兩耳戴結構上皆具有可接觸耳朵及/或附近皮膚的電極的實施例，就可被用來取得腦電訊號，如此等於同一個裝置就能提供心電訊號的擷取以及腦電訊號的擷取兩種功能，而且，心電訊號還能提供不同投影角度的選擇，十分具有優勢；其中，當進行腦電訊號的擷取時，電極的接觸位置沒有特定的限制，然較佳地是，可選擇接觸耳廓下半部，例如，耳屏、耳屏下方、耳垂、耳甲牆下半部等位置，的電極作為參考電極，將可更有利於取得清晰的腦電訊號。 Furthermore, such a device can also be used to obtain EEG signals. In any of the above configurations, as long as the two ear-wearing structures have electrodes that can contact the ears and/or nearby skin, they can be used to obtain EEG signals, so that the same device can provide ECG signals. There are two functions of capturing and EEG signal capture. Moreover, the ECG signal can also provide different projection angle options, which is very advantageous. Among them, when the EEG signal is captured, there is no specific contact position of the electrode. However, it is better to choose the electrode that touches the lower part of the auricle, for example, the tragus, the lower part of the tragus, the earlobe, the lower part of the concha wall, etc., as the reference electrode, which will be more conducive to obtaining Clear EEG signal.
再者，除了設置電極外，亦可透過耳戴結構而設置光感測器，例如，可設置於單邊、或雙邊皆設置，以取得血液生理資訊，例如，血氧濃度，以及心率等，如此一來就可在心電訊號外額外提供其他的生理訊號選擇，在此，同樣地，光感測器將是採用反射方式而取得血液生理資訊，另外，替代地，當實施為由手部接觸電極而取得心電訊號的情形時，還可進一步亦由手部取得血液生理資訊，例如，在接觸電極的同時達成與光感測器的接觸，而在此情形下，由於可同時透過電極取得心電訊號以及透過感測器取得心率，因此就可透過兩種生理資訊間的相互關係而得出脈波傳遞時間(PTT，Pulse Transit Time)，進而得知血管硬度/彈性等資訊，也可進一步經由計算而推估得出血壓相關數值，具有更進一步的意義。 Furthermore, in addition to electrodes, optical sensors can also be installed through the ear-worn structure. For example, it can be installed on one side or on both sides to obtain blood physiological information, such as blood oxygen concentration and heart rate. In this way, other physiological signal options can be provided in addition to the ECG signal. Here, similarly, the light sensor will use the reflection method to obtain blood physiological information. In addition, when implemented as a hand contact electrode In the case of obtaining an ECG signal, it is also possible to obtain blood physiological information from the hand. For example, contact with the light sensor can be achieved while contacting the electrode. In this case, the heart can be obtained through the electrode at the same time. Through the electrical signal and the heart rate obtained through the sensor, the pulse transit time (PTT, Pulse Transit Time) can be obtained through the correlation between the two kinds of physiological information, and then the blood vessel hardness/elasticity and other information can be obtained. It is of further significance to infer blood pressure-related values through calculations.
另一方面，當光感測器實施為設置於耳朵及/或耳朵附近時，則適合被用來執行連續偵測，尤其是心率，例如，可用於運動期間的心率監控，也可用於需要長期注意心臟活動的患者，且透過本案的多用途設計，當有特別需求時，例如，突然覺得心跳異常，或是心臟感到不適時，使用者可馬上透過舉手觸碰電極、或是將耳戴結構拿下觸碰軀幹或手，而記錄下即時的心電訊號，相當有助於正確地判斷相關的心臟問題。 On the other hand, when the light sensor is implemented in the ear and/or near the ear, it is suitable to be used to perform continuous detection, especially heart rate. For example, it can be used for heart rate monitoring during exercise or for long-term Patients who pay attention to heart activity, and through the multi-purpose design of this case, when there are special needs, such as sudden abnormal heartbeat or heart discomfort, the user can immediately touch the electrode by raising his hand or wearing the ear The structure touches the torso or hand, and records the real-time ECG signal, which is quite helpful to correctly judge the related heart problem.
再者，根據本發明的另一實施概念，亦可透過單個耳戴結構而實現多用途的目的，如圖8A-8B所示，單個耳戴結構上設置有兩個電極330以及332。 Furthermore, according to another implementation concept of the present invention, a single ear-wearing structure can also achieve multi-purpose purposes. As shown in FIGS. 8A-8B, a single ear-wearing structure is provided with two electrodes 330 and 332.
在一較佳實施例中，如圖8A所示，當該耳戴結構被配戴於耳朵上時，電極330會接觸耳朵及/或附近的皮膚，因此，只需上舉一上肢接觸位於外露表面的電極332就可進行心電訊號測量，另一方面，其亦自耳朵取下，透過接觸不同的身體部分，例如，電極330接觸拿持的手以及電極332接觸軀幹，而取得心電訊號。 In a preferred embodiment, as shown in FIG. 8A, when the ear-wearing structure is worn on the ear, the electrode 330 will contact the ear and/or the skin nearby. Therefore, it is only necessary to lift an upper limb to contact the exposed The electrode 332 on the surface can be used to measure the ECG signal. On the other hand, it is also removed from the ear, and the ECG signal can be obtained by touching different body parts, for example, the electrode 330 touches the holding hand and the electrode 332 touches the torso. .
在一另一較佳實施例中，如圖8B所示，耳戴結構被實施為可在自 耳朵取下時取得心電訊號，其實際實施的情形，則可有許多的選擇，其中，一種選擇是，該耳戴結構可是由使用者一手拿持，並透過接觸身體軀幹部分皮膚的方式而進行測量，例如，該兩個電極可實施為同時接觸軀幹，例如，心電訊號較強的胸前，以取得軀幹的心電訊號，另一種選擇則可實施為一個電極接觸拿持的該手，另一個接觸軀幹，以取得上肢與軀幹間的心臟投影，再一選擇是，實施為兩個電極分別接觸兩手，以取得兩上肢間的心臟投影。因此，可依需求不同而改變使用方式，相當方便。 In another preferred embodiment, as shown in FIG. 8B, the ear-wearing structure is implemented to be free When the ear is removed to obtain the ECG signal, there are many options for actual implementation. One option is that the ear wear structure can be held by the user with one hand and touched by the skin of the trunk. For measurement, for example, the two electrodes can be implemented to contact the torso at the same time, for example, the chest with a strong ECG signal to obtain the ECG signal of the torso, another option can be implemented as one electrode contacting the holding hand , The other contacts the torso to obtain the heart projection between the upper limbs and the torso, and the other option is to implement the two electrodes respectively contact the two hands to obtain the heart projection between the two upper limbs. Therefore, the usage can be changed according to different needs, which is quite convenient.
再者，為了方便手部拿持，可如圖8B一樣將耳戴結構形成為具有一長形構件316，並將電極設置於該長形結構上，如此一來，在方便拿持的同時，亦可同時達成與電極間的接觸，更具優勢。在此情形下，設置於長形構件上的電極，則是可實施為分布於其中一個表面、或分布於多個表面，或是實施為連續分布等，都是可行的方式。 Furthermore, in order to facilitate holding by hand, the ear wear structure can be formed with an elongated member 316 as shown in FIG. 8B, and the electrodes are arranged on the elongated structure. In this way, while convenient for holding, It can also achieve contact with the electrodes at the same time, which is more advantageous. In this case, the electrodes provided on the elongated member can be implemented as distributed on one surface, or distributed on multiple surfaces, or implemented as continuous distribution, etc., which are all feasible methods.
此外，兩個電極除了設置於該耳戴結構被拿下時可取得心電訊號的位置外，亦可進一步實施為，會在該耳戴結構設置於耳朵上時與耳朵及/或耳朵附近的皮膚達成接觸，例如，耳屏、耳垂、耳甲牆、耳甲底部、耳廓背面、耳廓周圍的頭部(顳葉區)等，如此一來，還能在穿戴於耳朵的期間取得腦電訊號，更增加使用的功能，而且，如前所述，選擇接觸耳廓下半部的位置的電極作為參考電極，可更有利於取得穩定的腦電訊號。 In addition, the two electrodes are not only arranged at the position where the ECG signal can be obtained when the ear-wearing structure is taken off, but also can be further implemented to be in contact with the ear and/or near the ear when the ear-wearing structure is installed on the ear. Skin contact, for example, tragus, earlobe, ear concha wall, ear concha bottom, the back of the auricle, the head around the auricle (temporal lobe area), etc., in this way, the brain can also be obtained while wearing the ear The electrical signal has more functions, and, as mentioned above, choosing the electrode that touches the lower half of the auricle as the reference electrode can be more conducive to obtaining a stable EEG signal.
再進一步，也可實施為具有光感測器340，例如，如圖8C所示，設置於耳戴結構會與耳朵及/或耳朵附近皮膚接觸的位置，其中，尤其較佳的位置是耳屏，以在穿戴於耳朵的期間取得血液生理資訊，例如，心率，血氧濃度等，進而提供更多元的生理資訊，而且，當可透過光感測器而取得心率資訊時，就可如前所述地，被用來執行連續偵測，例如，用於運動期間心率的監控，及/或用於需要長期注意心臟活動的患者，如此一來，當收到通知發現光感測器偵測到異常時，或是自身覺得有特別需求時，例如， 突然覺得心跳異常，或是心臟感到不適時，使用者可馬上將耳戴結構拿下，透過觸碰軀幹及/或手部而記錄下即時的心電訊號，相當有助於正確地判斷相關的心臟問題。 Still further, it can also be implemented with a light sensor 340, for example, as shown in FIG. 8C, it is arranged at a position where the ear-wearing structure will contact the ear and/or the skin near the ear. Among them, a particularly preferred position is the tragus. , In order to obtain blood physiological information, such as heart rate, blood oxygen concentration, etc., during the wearing of the ear, and then provide more diversified physiological information, and when the heart rate information can be obtained through the light sensor, it can be as before Said ground is used to perform continuous detection, for example, for heart rate monitoring during exercise, and/or for patients who need to pay attention to heart activity for a long time, so that when notified that the light sensor detects When it is abnormal, or when you feel that you have special needs, for example, When the heartbeat suddenly feels abnormal or the heart feels uncomfortable, the user can immediately remove the ear-worn structure and record the real-time ECG signal by touching the torso and/or hand, which is very helpful to correctly judge the relevant Heart problems.
在此，需要注意地是，雖然上述實施例主要以耳內殼體結構作為舉例，但並不受限於此，耳戴結構可實施為各種形式，例如，耳夾結構，耳掛結構，或是結合形式的耳戴結構，例如，耳內殼體加耳掛結構，或是耳夾加耳內殼體結構，或是耳戴結構可結合具支撐力的連接結構等，只要能夠提供穩定的接觸皆為可行的選擇。 Here, it should be noted that although the above embodiments mainly take the structure of the inner ear shell as an example, it is not limited to this. The ear wearing structure can be implemented in various forms, such as an ear clip structure, an ear hook structure, or It is a combined type of ear-wearing structure, for example, an inner ear shell plus an ear hook structure, or an ear clip plus an inner ear shell structure, or the ear-wear structure can be combined with a supporting connection structure, etc., as long as it can provide a stable Contact is a viable option.
再進一步，這樣的單耳結構亦可實施為具有一連接埠，以連接一延伸電極。舉例而言，可在原有的兩個電極外，再提供另一個電極，如此一來，就可同時取得不同角度的心臟投影，例如，原有的兩個電極同時接觸胸膛，再配合延伸電極接觸上肢。另一方面，也可實施為延伸電極取代原有兩個電極的其中之一，而透過擴大兩個電極間距離的方式，則是可讓電極能夠接觸的位置更具變化性，例如，可取得十二導極分別位置的心電圖，故也有助於取得更詳細的心臟資訊。再一方面，還可實施為延伸電極用來取得另一種電生理訊號，例如，可利用原有單邊耳戴結構上的電極接觸耳朵或耳朵附近的頭部皮膚，再拉出電極設置於另一耳朵上亦接觸耳朵或耳朵附近的頭部皮膚，可取得腦電訊號。因此，有各種可能，沒有限制。 Furthermore, such a single ear structure can also be implemented with a connecting port for connecting an extension electrode. For example, another electrode can be provided in addition to the original two electrodes. In this way, different angles of the heart projection can be obtained at the same time. For example, the original two electrodes contact the chest at the same time, and then cooperate with the extension electrode to contact Upper limbs. On the other hand, it can also be implemented as an extended electrode to replace one of the original two electrodes. By expanding the distance between the two electrodes, the contact position of the electrode can be more variable. For example, The electrocardiogram of the positions of the twelve-lead poles is also helpful to obtain more detailed cardiac information. On the other hand, it can also be implemented as an extended electrode to obtain another electrophysiological signal. For example, the electrode on the original unilateral ear-wearing structure can be used to contact the ear or the head skin near the ear, and then the electrode can be pulled out and placed in another One ear also touches the ear or the skin of the head near the ear to obtain EEG signals. Therefore, there are various possibilities and no limits.
至於該延伸電極的實施形式，則可以有各種可能。舉例而言，可以實施為由一穿戴結構所承載，例如，另一耳戴結構，指戴結構，腕戴結構，頸戴結構，頭戴結構等，或實施為貼片、綁帶等形式，另外，也可由一拿持結構所承載，例如，棒狀結構，可方便使用者操作，因此，沒有限制，可依實際需求而改變。 As for the implementation form of the extended electrode, there are various possibilities. For example, it can be implemented as being carried by a wearing structure, such as another ear-wearing structure, finger-wearing structure, wrist-wearing structure, neck-wearing structure, head-wearing structure, etc., or in the form of patches, straps, etc., In addition, it can also be carried by a holding structure, such as a rod-shaped structure, which is convenient for users to operate. Therefore, there is no limitation and can be changed according to actual needs.
而延伸電極在實際使用時，同樣有各種的可能。舉例而言，可以是原有的耳戴結構延伸出一耳夾結構，承載該延伸電極，在此情形下，可 將延伸的耳夾結構夾設於耳朵上，並利用原有的耳戴結構接觸軀幹或上肢；或者，也可以是延伸出一指戴結構，承載該延伸電極，在此情形下，可將延伸指戴結構固定於一上肢的手指上，再利用原有的耳戴結構接觸軀幹或另一上肢：或者，也可原有的耳戴結構以及延伸電極的承載結構皆透過手部拿持，而達成接觸，例如，接觸拿持手、或是藉以接觸其他身體部分等。因此，有各種實施可能，不受限於上述的描述，只要透過這樣的結構可達成的測量方式，皆屬本案所欲主張的範疇。 In actual use, the extension electrode also has various possibilities. For example, an ear clip structure can be extended from the original ear wear structure to carry the extended electrode. In this case, Clamp the extended ear clip structure on the ear, and use the original ear-wearing structure to contact the trunk or upper limbs; alternatively, a finger-wearing structure can be extended to carry the extension electrode. In this case, the extension can be extended The finger-wearing structure is fixed on the fingers of an upper limb, and then the original ear-wearing structure is used to contact the trunk or the other upper limb: Alternatively, the original ear-wearing structure and the bearing structure of the extended electrode can be held by the hand, and To achieve contact, for example, touching the holding hand, or in order to touch other body parts, etc. Therefore, there are various implementation possibilities, not limited to the above description, as long as the measurement methods that can be achieved through such a structure are within the scope of this case.
在又一方面的構想中，則是以頭戴式耳機的形式作為主體，以達到多用途的目的。請參閱圖9A，一多用途生理檢測裝置包括一頭戴結構400，以及二耳戴結構410，420，分別連接於該頭戴結構的兩端，另外，生理感測元件則設置於該頭戴結構及/或該二耳戴結構，以及電路被容置於該頭戴結構、及/或該等耳戴結構中，沒有限制。 In another aspect of the conception, a headset is used as the main body to achieve multi-purpose purposes. 9A, a multi-purpose physiological detection device includes a head-mounted structure 400, and two ear-mounted structures 410, 420, respectively connected to the two ends of the head-mounted structure, in addition, the physiological sensing element is provided on the head-mounted structure The structure and/or the two ear-wearing structure, and the circuit are accommodated in the head-wearing structure and/or the ear-wearing structure, without limitation.
其中，該二耳戴結構與頭戴結構之間的連接方式可以有不同的選擇，例如，可利用連接線連接，如此的軟線連接方式，可讓頭戴結構的設置更自由，或者，也可實施為兩者間以伸縮結構相連接，而如此的硬結構連接方式，則是讓頭戴結構可由耳戴結構而獲得更進一步的固定力，因此，無論選擇何種方式皆相當具優勢。另外，較佳地是，耳戴結構實施為耳內殼體形式，以透過耳內殼體與耳廓結構間的相互抵頂，例如，塞置於耳道內，或是卡合於耳廓內面的生理凹凸結構之間等，而獲得更佳的固定效果，而此並非作為限制，亦可實施為其他形式，重點在於適合實際的實施情形。 Among them, the connection mode between the two ear-wearing structure and the head-wearing structure can be selected in different ways. For example, it can be connected by a connecting wire. Such a flexible cord connection method can make the setting of the head-wearing structure more free, or, It is implemented that the two are connected by a telescopic structure, and such a hard structure connection method allows the head-mounted structure to obtain a further fixing force from the ear-mounted structure. Therefore, no matter which method is selected, it is quite advantageous. In addition, it is preferable that the ear-wearing structure is implemented in the form of an ear shell, so as to penetrate the mutual abutment between the ear shell and the auricle structure, for example, the plug is placed in the ear canal or is engaged with the auricle A better fixing effect can be obtained between the physiological concave-convex structure of the inner surface, etc., and this is not a limitation, and can be implemented in other forms, and the focus is to suit the actual implementation situation.
在此，特別地是，該頭戴結構被建構為可與頭部有不同的結合方式，如圖9B-9C所示，該頭戴結構可設置於頭頂(圖9B)，或是設置於前額，或是設置於後腦(圖9C)，採用如此設計的原因在於，首先，以腦電訊號而言，由於大腦皮質區分為許多區域，且不同的大腦皮質區域分別掌控著不同的人體活動，因此，當電極相對應地設置於不同大腦皮質區域的 位置時，就能分別取得各個區域的活動，例如，前額下方對應的是額葉大腦皮質區，頭頂下方對應的是頂葉大腦皮質區，腦後對應的是枕葉大腦皮質區，以及耳朵上方對應的是顳葉大腦皮質區，再者，以眼睛活動而言，電極則必須設置於眼睛周圍，才能取得眼電訊號，另外，以皮膚電訊號以及肌電訊號而言，則是以前額為較佳的設置位置，據此，只需將頭戴結構設置於欲取得訊號的位置即可，相當方便。 Here, in particular, the head-mounted structure is constructed to have different combinations with the head, as shown in Figures 9B-9C, the head-mounted structure can be set on the top of the head (Figure 9B), or set in the front Forehead, or set in the back of the brain (Figure 9C), the reason for this design is that, first of all, in terms of EEG signals, because the cerebral cortex is divided into many regions, and different cerebral cortex regions control different human activities. Therefore, when the electrodes are correspondingly set in different cerebral cortical regions In the position, the activity of each area can be obtained separately. For example, the lower part of the forehead corresponds to the frontal cerebral cortex, the lower part of the head corresponds to the parietal cerebral cortex, and the back of the head corresponds to the occipital cerebral cortex and ears. The upper part corresponds to the cerebral cortex area of the temporal lobe. Furthermore, in terms of eye activity, electrodes must be placed around the eyes to obtain ocular signals. In addition, in terms of skin and myoelectric signals, it is the frontal forehead. For a better setting position, according to this, it is only necessary to set the head-mounted structure at the position where the signal is to be obtained, which is quite convenient.
其中，該生理感測元件可實施為至少二電極(未顯示)，以在頭部及/或耳朵取得電生理訊號。舉例而言，可在該頭戴結構上設置一個電極以及在其中一個耳戴結構上設置另一個電極，此時，設置於耳戴結構上的電極可被做為參考電極，而當頭戴結構設置於前額時，就可取得腦電訊號以及眼電訊號，以及當設置於頭頂及後腦時，則可取得腦電訊號，且根據該電極於頭戴結構上的位置不同，可取得的腦電訊號所代表的亦意義不同，例如，即使帶在頭頂或腦後，但若電極設置於接近耳朵上方的位置，則所取得的將會是顳葉區的腦電訊號，另一方面，若電極被設置於頭頂的位置，則所取得的就會是頂葉區的腦電訊號，或若電極被設置於腦後的位置，就會取得枕葉區的腦電訊號；或者，也可將二個電極皆設置於頭戴結構上，在此情形下，當頭戴結構設置於前額時，可取得額葉區腦電訊號及/或顳葉區腦電訊號、眼電訊號、皮膚電訊號、及/或肌電訊號，以及當設置於頭頂及後腦時，可取得枕葉區腦電訊號、頂葉區腦電訊號、及/或顳葉區腦電訊號；或者，還可在另一個耳戴結構上再設置再一個電極，如此一來，由於兩個耳戴結構分置於頭部的兩側，配合上頭戴結構上的電極，故將可藉此而分別取得左腦以及右腦的活動情形。在此，需注意地是，當用以取得多種電生理訊號時，例如，同時取得腦電訊號以及眼電訊號時，其可實施為僅具二個電極，並由同一個通道同時取得兩種電生理訊號，也可實施為多於二個電極，例如，三個或四個，而由二個通道取得兩種電生理訊號，因 此，可依實際需求而有所改變，沒有一定的限制。 Wherein, the physiological sensing element can be implemented as at least two electrodes (not shown) to obtain electrophysiological signals on the head and/or ears. For example, one electrode can be provided on the head-mounted structure and another electrode can be provided on one of the ear-wearing structures. In this case, the electrode provided on the ear-wearing structure can be used as a reference electrode. When it is installed on the forehead, it can obtain EEG signals and ocular signals, and when it is installed on the top of the head and the back of the brain, it can obtain EEG signals, and depending on the position of the electrode on the head-mounted structure, the available brain The electrical signals also have different meanings. For example, even if they are worn on the top of the head or behind the head, if the electrodes are placed near the top of the ears, the electrical signals obtained will be the brain electrical signals in the temporal lobe area. On the other hand, if If the electrode is placed on the top of the head, the EEG signal of the parietal lobe will be obtained, or if the electrode is placed on the back of the head, the EEG signal of the occipital lobe will be obtained; or Both electrodes are set on the head-mounted structure. In this case, when the head-mounted structure is set on the forehead, the frontal lobe EEG signals and/or the temporal lobe EEG signals, ocular signals, and skin signals can be obtained Signal, and/or myoelectric signal, and when placed on the top of the head and back of the brain, it can obtain the occipital lobe EEG signal, parietal EEG signal, and/or temporal lobe EEG signal; An ear-wearing structure is provided with another electrode. As a result, since the two ear-wearing structures are placed on both sides of the head and matched with the electrodes on the head-wearing structure, the left brain and the left brain can be obtained separately. The activity of the right brain. Here, it should be noted that when it is used to obtain multiple electrophysiological signals, for example, when obtaining EEG signals and ocular signals at the same time, it can be implemented as having only two electrodes, and two types can be obtained from the same channel. The electrophysiological signal can also be implemented as more than two electrodes, for example, three or four, and two electrophysiological signals are obtained from two channels, because Therefore, it can be changed according to actual needs, without certain restrictions.
另外，該生理感測元件也可實施為光感測器，並設置於該頭戴結構上，以取得頭部的血液生理資訊，例如，可於前額、太陽穴附近、及/或耳朵上方的區域取得血氧濃度、心率、腦部血流量變化等，或者，也可設置於耳戴結構上，同樣能夠取得血氧濃度、心率等血液生理資訊。 In addition, the physiological sensing element can also be implemented as a light sensor and installed on the head-mounted structure to obtain blood physiological information of the head, for example, it can be placed on the forehead, near the temples, and/or above the ears. The area obtains blood oxygen concentration, heart rate, brain blood flow changes, etc., or it can also be set on the ear-worn structure, which can also obtain blood physiological information such as blood oxygen concentration and heart rate.
再者，更進一步地，該生理感測元件亦可實施為同時包括電極以及光感測器，而在此情形下，上述的各種情形皆為可行。因此，沒有限制。 Furthermore, further, the physiological sensing element can also be implemented to include electrodes and a light sensor at the same time, and in this case, all the above-mentioned situations are feasible. Therefore, there is no limit.
透過這樣的設計，同一個裝置就幾乎可取得頭部的所有生理訊號，而且，使用者可自行選擇欲測量的位置，相當方便。 Through this design, almost all physiological signals of the head can be obtained from the same device, and the user can choose the position to be measured, which is quite convenient.
在此，需注意地是，由於有可能需要將電極設置於頭頂、腦後等具有毛髮的位置，除了採用一般乾式電極的形式外，亦較佳地是，設置於頭戴結構上的電極實施為針狀形式，例如，單個針狀電極，或是具多個針狀結構的電極，以利於穿過毛髮，其中，該具多個針狀結構電極則可以有不同的實施選擇，例如，可以是由多個導電的針狀結構焊接於電路板上所形成，也可以是一體成形的導電基座與多個導電針狀結構，無論是何種形式皆無限制，只要能提供多點接觸並形成與生理訊號擷取電路的電連接進而取得電生理訊號即可；再者，亦較佳地是，將電極實施為具有伸縮彈性，例如，於電極下方設置彈簧，或是採用金屬彈簧連接器(pogo pin)作為電極，如此將有助於適應不同的頭型變化；或者，替代地，也可實施為電極可替換，例如，原本使用非針狀電極，以設置於前額位置，當需要移至具有毛髮的位置，再更換為針狀電極。另外，電極的材質亦只需是導電材質即可，例如，導電金屬、導電橡膠、導電纖維等皆為可行，故沒有一定的限制。並且，較佳地是，當設置於前額、或是腦後時，可進一步於頭戴結構上外接綁帶，例如，連接於該頭戴結構的兩端，以達到更好的固定效果。 Here, it should be noted that, since it may be necessary to set the electrodes on the top of the head, the back of the head, etc. with hairs, in addition to adopting the form of general dry electrodes, it is also preferable to implement the electrodes on the head-mounted structure. It is a needle-shaped form, for example, a single needle-shaped electrode or an electrode with multiple needle-shaped structures to facilitate the penetration of hair, wherein the electrode with multiple needle-shaped structures can have different implementation options, for example, It is formed by welding a plurality of conductive needle-like structures on the circuit board, or it can be an integrated conductive base and a plurality of conductive needle-like structures, no matter what the form is, there is no restriction, as long as it can provide multi-point contact and form The electrical connection with the physiological signal capture circuit is sufficient to obtain the electrophysiological signal; moreover, it is also preferable to implement the electrode to have elasticity, for example, a spring is arranged under the electrode, or a metal spring connector ( pogo pin) as an electrode, which will help to adapt to different head shape changes; or, alternatively, it can also be implemented as an electrode replaceable, for example, originally a non-needle electrode is used to place it on the forehead. To the hairy position, replace with needle electrodes. In addition, the material of the electrode only needs to be a conductive material, for example, conductive metal, conductive rubber, conductive fiber, etc. are all feasible, so there is no certain limit. Moreover, preferably, when it is placed on the forehead or the back of the head, a strap can be further attached to the headwear structure, for example, connected to both ends of the headwear structure to achieve a better fixing effect.
而上述所有的各種實施方式中，例如，指戴、腕戴、頸戴、頭戴、 耳戴、夾設等，都可在裝置中再增設一動作感測元件，例如，加速度器(Accelerometer)，重力感測器(G sensor)，陀螺儀(gyroscope)，磁感測器(Magnetic sensor)等，以同時取得使用者身體的動作或移動情形，可在分析生理訊號時，有助於判斷是否是因為身體的動作或移動而造成訊號品質不良。另外，也可增設一溫度感測元件，設置於可取得體溫資訊的位置，可有助於更進一步瞭解實際的生理狀況。 In all the various embodiments described above, for example, finger wear, wrist wear, neck wear, head wear, For ear wear, clamping, etc., a motion sensing element can be added to the device, such as Accelerometer, G sensor, Gyroscope, Magnetic sensor ), etc., in order to obtain the user's body motion or movement at the same time, which can help determine whether the signal quality is poor due to body motion or movement when analyzing physiological signals. In addition, a temperature sensing element can also be added to the position where body temperature information can be obtained, which can help to further understand the actual physiological condition.
更進一步地，在本發明的又一方面構想中，則在於透過更換不同的穿戴結構而延伸同一個生理訊號擷取單元的功能。 Furthermore, in another aspect of the invention, the function of the same physiological signal capturing unit is extended by changing different wearing structures.
首先，為了容易於不同穿戴結構間進行更換，該生理訊號擷取單元會被形成為單一小型殼體的形式，如圖10A所示，亦即，所有的電路皆被容置於單一個殼體500中，故在進行更換時，只需將殼體自一個穿戴結構移除，再裝到另一個穿戴結構上即可，將更換的步驟最簡化。 First, in order to facilitate the replacement between different wearing structures, the physiological signal capture unit will be formed in the form of a single small housing, as shown in FIG. 10A, that is, all circuits are housed in a single housing 500, so when replacing, only need to remove the shell from one wearing structure, and then install it on another wearing structure, which simplifies the replacement steps.
其中，該生理訊號擷取單元包括一生理訊號擷取電路，容置於該殼體500內，於殼體的下表面502上具有第一對電接觸區域510a，510b，以及於殼體的側表面506以及508上具有第二對電接觸區域512a，512b，在此，由於體積已被大幅地縮小，因此，該等電接觸區域的面積亦相對應地被縮小，例如，縮小為電性接點的形式。 Wherein, the physiological signal capturing unit includes a physiological signal capturing circuit, which is housed in the housing 500, and has a first pair of electrical contact areas 510a, 510b on the lower surface 502 of the housing, and on the side of the housing There are a second pair of electrical contact areas 512a, 512b on the surfaces 506 and 508. Here, since the volume has been greatly reduced, the area of the electrical contact areas has been correspondingly reduced, for example, reduced to electrical contacts. Point form.
而進一步地，由於不同的身體部位所能提供的生理資訊可能不同，因此，該生理訊號擷取單元中還會包括至少一光感測器522，如圖所示，設置於下表面502上，用來取得使用者的血液生理資訊，而且，若同時亦利用電極取得電生理訊號，則還能提供根據兩種生理訊號間的相互關係所得出的結果，例如，脈波傳遞時間(Pulse Transit Time，PTT)，進而可得知血管硬度/彈性等資訊，也可進一步推估而得出相關血壓值的數據。 Furthermore, since the physiological information provided by different body parts may be different, the physiological signal capturing unit also includes at least one light sensor 522, as shown in the figure, disposed on the lower surface 502, It is used to obtain the user's blood physiological information, and if the electrodes are also used to obtain electrophysiological signals, it can also provide results based on the correlation between the two physiological signals, such as Pulse Transit Time (Pulse Transit Time). , PTT), and then know the blood vessel hardness/elasticity and other information, but also can be further estimated to get the relevant blood pressure data.
在此，採用如此方式之電接觸部分分布的原因在於，可最大化使用可能性。舉例而言，其中一種測量選擇是，將第一對電接觸區域用來取 得肌電訊號以及皮膚電訊號等，或是設置於心電訊號較強的胸前取得心電訊號，另一種測量選擇是，第二對電接觸區域可被延伸而接觸更多位置，進而取得其他的電生理訊號，例如，腦電訊號，眼電訊號，皮膚電訊號，肌電訊號，心電訊號等，。因此，透過這樣的設計，可適應各種設置位置的不同取樣需求，相當具有優勢。 Here, the reason for the distribution of the electrical contact parts in this way is to maximize the possibility of use. For example, one of the measurement options is to use the first pair of electrical contact areas To obtain the electromyographic signal and the skin signal, etc., or set it on the chest with strong electrocardiographic signal to obtain the electrocardiographic signal, another measurement option is that the second pair of electrical contact areas can be extended to touch more positions, and then obtain Other electrophysiological signals, such as brain electrical signals, eye electrical signals, skin electrical signals, myoelectric signals, electrocardiographic signals, etc. Therefore, through this design, it can adapt to different sampling requirements of various setting positions, which is quite advantageous.
當然，圖10A所示僅為其中一種電接觸區域配合光感測器的配置方式，亦可以有其他的配置選擇，舉例而言，也可如圖10B一樣，在上表面504上再增設一電接觸區域514，或者，也可以僅包括二個電接觸區域(類似圖3C所示的情形)，且可與光感測器設置於同一表面上、及/或不同表面上，因此，可依實際使用需求而有所變化，沒有限制。此外，也可增加其他的感測元件，例如，溫度感測元件，設置於殼體上可取得體溫的位置，同樣沒有限制。 Of course, as shown in FIG. 10A is only one of the configurations of the electrical contact area with the light sensor, and other configuration options are also possible. For example, as shown in FIG. 10B, another electrical contact area may be added to the upper surface 504. The contact area 514, alternatively, may also include only two electrical contact areas (similar to the situation shown in FIG. 3C), and may be arranged on the same surface as the light sensor, and/or on a different surface. Therefore, it may be practical The usage requirements vary, and there are no restrictions. In addition, other sensing elements can also be added, for example, a temperature sensing element, which is arranged on the housing where the body temperature can be obtained, and there is also no limitation.
當於上表面具有電接觸區域514時，則是提供了可直接外露而接觸的另一個選擇，這樣的配置相當有利於取得心電訊號，舉例而言，無論設置於身體的何處，只要電接觸區域514被露出，就可很簡單地透過一手部與之接觸，再配合上電接觸區域510a，510b，512a，512b的其中任一與身體另一部份的皮膚接觸(直接接觸或是延伸而接觸)，形成心電訊號的取樣迴路，同樣是相當具優勢的實施方式。 When there is an electrical contact area 514 on the upper surface, it provides another option that can be directly exposed and contacted. This configuration is quite conducive to obtaining an ECG signal. For example, no matter where it is installed on the body, as long as the electrical When the contact area 514 is exposed, it can be easily contacted with a hand, and then any one of the electrical contact areas 510a, 510b, 512a, 512b is in contact with the skin of another part of the body (direct contact or extended And contact), forming a sampling loop of the ECG signal, is also a very advantageous implementation.
在此情形下，當欲設置於身體的不同部位時，例如，手指、腕部、手臂、頸部、胸前、頭部、耳朵時，只要與不同的穿戴結構相結合，例如，指戴結構，腕戴結構，臂戴結構，頸戴結構，頭戴結構，耳戴結構，貼片，綁帶等，就可達成設置的需求。 In this case, when it is intended to be installed on different parts of the body, such as fingers, wrists, arms, neck, chest, head, ears, it only needs to be combined with different wearing structures, for example, finger-wearing structures , Wrist-wearing structure, arm-wearing structure, neck-wearing structure, head-wearing structure, ear-wearing structure, patches, straps, etc., can meet the set requirements.
另外，由於各個部位的取樣位置皆不同，以及設置條件亦不同，因此，進一步地，還可透過穿戴結構來讓電極被設置於最適當的取樣位置，在此情形下，較佳地是，於穿戴結構上設置可與該殼體相結合的一結合結 構，例如，一容置槽，並於該結合結構內設置對應於殼體上電接觸區域的電接觸部分，以使該殼體與該結合結構後，殼體上的電接觸區域與結合結構內的電接觸部分能達成電連接，另一方面，只要於穿戴結構的表面上設置電連接至該電接觸部分的電極，就可將殼體上的電接觸區域電連接至穿戴結構上的電極，如此一來，將可直接利用穿戴結構而達到電極的定位以及固定，相當方便。 In addition, since the sampling position of each part is different and the setting conditions are also different, furthermore, the electrode can be set at the most appropriate sampling position through the wearing structure. In this case, it is better to A combination knot that can be combined with the shell is provided on the wearing structure Structure, for example, a accommodating groove, and an electrical contact portion corresponding to the electrical contact area on the housing is provided in the coupling structure, so that after the housing and the coupling structure, the electrical contact area on the housing and the coupling structure The electrical contact part inside can achieve electrical connection. On the other hand, as long as the electrode electrically connected to the electrical contact part is provided on the surface of the wearable structure, the electrical contact area on the housing can be electrically connected to the electrode on the wearable structure In this way, the wearable structure can be directly used to achieve the positioning and fixation of the electrode, which is quite convenient.
在此，需注意地是，當該生理訊號擷取單元上的電接觸區域被直接用來接觸皮膚以取得生理訊號時，其即被視為是訊號擷取電極，另一方面，當其被用來與穿戴結構中的電接觸部分進行接觸，以達成穿戴結構上電極與電路間的電連接時，則被視為是電性接點，完全視實際實施情形而定，沒有限制，也因此，殼體上的同一個電接觸區域在搭配不同的穿戴結構時，可能有不同的作用。 Here, it should be noted that when the electrical contact area on the physiological signal acquisition unit is used to directly contact the skin to obtain physiological signals, it is regarded as a signal acquisition electrode. On the other hand, when it is used When used to make contact with the electrical contact part of the wearable structure to achieve the electrical connection between the electrode and the circuit on the wearable structure, it is regarded as an electrical contact, which depends entirely on the actual implementation situation, without limitation, and therefore , The same electrical contact area on the shell may have different functions when matched with different wearing structures.
以下即詳細說明如何將該生理訊號擷取單元設置於身體的各個部位，可用於取得何種生理訊號，以及其應用範圍。 The following is a detailed description of how to install the physiological signal capturing unit on various parts of the body, what kind of physiological signals can be used to obtain, and its application range.
首先，最簡單的情形是，該生理訊號擷取單元透過一指戴結構而設置於使用者的一手指上，在此，設置的位置可以是指尖，或是近節指骨或中節指骨所在的指節，皆無限制，且亦不限制哪一隻手指，只需提供相對應適合的指戴結構即可，例如，如圖11A所示，若採用指套型指戴結構600a，就可設置於指尖，若採用戒指型指戴結構，就可設置於指節的位置，若採用指夾形式的指戴結構，則只要形狀適合，就可夾設於指尖，也可夾設於指節上，可依實際需求而改變實施的形式，再者，也可實施為由具黏性柔軟材質所形成的固定結構，例如，貼布、貼片、魔鬼氈等，適合設置於任何指節。 First of all, in the simplest case, the physiological signal capture unit is set on a finger of the user through a finger-worn structure. Here, the set position can be the fingertip, or the proximal or middle phalanx. There is no restriction on the knuckles, and there is no restriction on which finger, just provide the corresponding suitable finger-wearing structure, for example, as shown in Figure 11A, if the finger-clamp-type finger-wearing structure 600a is used, it can be set For the fingertips, if the ring-shaped finger-wearing structure is used, it can be placed on the knuckles. If the finger-clamping structure is used, it can be clipped on the fingertips or on the fingers as long as the shape is suitable. On the knots, the form of implementation can be changed according to actual needs. Furthermore, it can also be implemented as a fixed structure made of viscous and soft materials, such as patches, patches, devil felt, etc., suitable for installation on any knuckles .
另外，在尺寸上，若要適應設置於手指上，則較佳地是將其最小化，例如，該殼體的尺寸最佳地是實施為長度小於30公釐，寬度小於25 公釐，以及厚度小於10公釐，如此一來，即使設置於手指上，亦不會感到突兀及負擔。 In addition, in terms of size, if it is to fit on the finger, it is better to minimize it. For example, the size of the housing is best implemented as a length less than 30 mm and a width less than 25 mm. Mm, and the thickness is less than 10 mm, so even if it is installed on the finger, it will not feel abrupt and burdensome.
當該生理訊號擷取單元被設置於手指上時，最適合進行的生理訊號擷取是利用光感測器自手指取得血液生理資訊，例如，血氧濃度、心率、血流量等，而這也正是一般最熟知的血氧濃度取得位置。 When the physiological signal acquisition unit is set on the finger, the most suitable physiological signal acquisition is to use a light sensor to obtain blood physiological information from the finger, such as blood oxygen concentration, heart rate, blood flow, etc. It is where the blood oxygen concentration is most commonly known.
在此，需要注意地是，正如前述，一般市面上常見的血氧濃度感測器，主要採用兩種測量方式，穿透式以及反射式，其中，穿透式，如圖2A所示，是採用將光發射元件以及光接收元件分置於手指的兩側，以讓光穿透血管的方式而進行測量，一般而言，此種方式所取得的訊號較為穩定，另一方面，反射式，如圖2B所示，是將光發射元件以及光接收元件設置於手指的同一側，而此種方式則具有結構較為簡單以及較為省電的優點。因此，兩種方式各有其優點，皆可採用。 Here, it should be noted that, as mentioned above, common blood oxygen concentration sensors on the market mainly adopt two measurement methods, transmissive and reflective. Among them, transmissive, as shown in Figure 2A, is The light emitting element and the light receiving element are placed on both sides of the finger to allow light to penetrate the blood vessel for measurement. Generally speaking, the signal obtained by this method is relatively stable. On the other hand, the reflection type, As shown in FIG. 2B, the light emitting element and the light receiving element are arranged on the same side of the finger, and this method has the advantages of simpler structure and lower power consumption. Therefore, both methods have their own advantages and can be used.
所以，當採用單一殼體的形式時，較佳地是利用反射方式來進行測量，亦即，光發射元件以及光接收元件被設置於手指的同一側，另一方面，若是穿戴結構上具有生理感測元件時，例如，光發射元件設置於殼體上，而光接收元件被延伸至穿戴結構上時，就可採用穿透方式進行測量，因此，無論設置於手指的哪個位置，皆可是需求不同而選擇採用穿透方式、或反射方式進行測量，沒有限制。 Therefore, when a single housing is used, it is better to use reflection for measurement, that is, the light emitting element and the light receiving element are placed on the same side of the finger. On the other hand, if the wearable structure has physiological For sensing elements, for example, when the light emitting element is arranged on the housing and the light receiving element is extended to the wearable structure, the penetrating method can be used for measurement. Therefore, no matter where it is placed on the finger, it is all required There are no restrictions on the choice to use the transmission method or the reflection method for measurement.
在此，需注意地是，所使用的指戴結構，與前述一樣，可以為任何能夠固定於手指上的各種形式，例如，指環結構、指套結構、指夾結構、環繞結構等，沒有限制。另一方面，材質也可以有各種選擇，舉例而言，可採用具彈性的材質，例如，矽膠、橡膠等；或者，採用可撓曲的材質，利用纏繞的方式固定，例如，魔鬼氈；或者，也可進一步添加黏性物質，以利用黏附的方式固定；或者，也可採用具符合手指人體工學結構的硬材質，例如，形成為夾子型態的塑膠，或是形成為戒指形式的塑膠、金屬等； 又或者，可以綜合使用不同的材質，例如，可在彈性材質外包覆硬材質；甚至也可實施為可拋棄的形式。因此，可以有各種可能，沒有限制。 Here, it should be noted that the finger-wearing structure used can be any form that can be fixed to the finger, for example, a ring structure, a finger sleeve structure, a finger clip structure, a surrounding structure, etc., without limitation. . On the other hand, the material can also have various choices. For example, it can be made of elastic materials, such as silicone, rubber, etc.; or, it can be made of flexible materials and fixed by winding, such as devil felt; or , You can also add a viscous substance to fix it by adhesion; or, you can also use a hard material with a finger ergonomic structure, for example, plastic formed in the shape of a clip, or plastic formed in the form of a ring , Metal, etc.; Or, different materials can be used in combination, for example, elastic materials can be coated with hard materials; it can even be implemented in a disposable form. Therefore, there are various possibilities without limitation.
至於，該殼體與指戴結構間的結合，則可以有各種選擇，例如，可實施為嵌置、卡合、磁吸、黏附、綁附等各種可行的方式，沒有限制，只要達成結合及固定即可。 As for the combination between the shell and the finger-wearing structure, there are various options, for example, it can be implemented in various feasible ways such as embedding, snapping, magnetic attraction, adhesion, binding, etc. There are no restrictions, as long as the combination and Just fix it.
舉例而言，在一實施例中，該指戴結構實施為矽膠材質的指尖套(類似圖11A所示的結構)，而該殼體則可很簡單地直接嵌置於該指尖套的凹槽中即可，不但製作方便，固定、定位容易，使用上亦很舒適；在另一實施例中，也可利用具恢復彈性材質來製作指戴結構，並透過結構的設計而達到可開合固定的效果，進而進行固定，如圖11B-11C所示，該殼體可塞置於彈性指戴結構600b內；在一另一實施例中，該指戴結構實施為具黏性的不織布，可用來環繞指節，也可用來黏貼於指尖，在又一實施例中，該指戴結構實施為魔鬼氈，可自由地調整並適應不同手指尺寸；在再一實施例中，如圖11D-11E所示，該指戴結構則被實施為戒指型指戴結構600c，且該殼體與戒指的結合方式可以有各種可能，例如，透過卡合、塞置、磁吸等方式；在又一實施例中，該指戴結構實施為內部使用彈性材質，而外部則包覆硬材質，例如，塑膠外殼，如此一來，就可在利用彈性材質實現符合手指曲線以穩定生理感測元件之設置的同時，亦可提供適合、美觀的外型，甚至，還可藉由硬材質的外殼而設置外露電極，並連接至生理訊號擷取單元上的其中一個電接觸區域，如此一來，將可進行心電訊號的測量。 For example, in one embodiment, the finger-wearing structure is implemented as a silicone fingertip cover (similar to the structure shown in FIG. 11A), and the housing can be simply directly embedded in the fingertip cover In the groove, it is not only convenient to manufacture, easy to fix and locate, but also comfortable to use; in another embodiment, a restoring elastic material can be used to make a finger-wearing structure, and the design of the structure can be opened The effect of fixing, and then fixing, as shown in Figures 11B-11C, the shell can be inserted into the elastic finger-wearing structure 600b; in another embodiment, the finger-wearing structure is implemented as an adhesive non-woven fabric , Can be used to surround the knuckles, and can also be used to stick to the fingertips. In another embodiment, the finger-wearing structure is implemented as a devil felt, which can be freely adjusted and adapted to different finger sizes; in another embodiment, as shown in the figure As shown in 11D-11E, the finger-wearing structure is implemented as a ring-shaped finger-wearing structure 600c, and the combination of the shell and the ring can be made in various ways, for example, through clamping, plugging, magnetic attraction, etc.; In another embodiment, the finger-wearing structure is implemented by using elastic material inside, while the outside is covered with a hard material, such as a plastic shell. In this way, the elastic material can be used to achieve a finger curve to stabilize the physiological sensing element. At the same time, it can also provide a suitable and beautiful appearance. Even the exposed electrode can be provided with a hard material shell and connected to one of the electrical contact areas on the physiological signal capture unit. In this way, The ECG signal measurement will be possible.
而這樣的設置則尤其適合應用於睡眠期間，以偵測睡眠生理狀態資訊，例如，呼吸情形以及睡眠品質。這是因為，當採用這樣的設計時，不但體積小巧，設置於手指上的結構也變得相當簡單，不容易脫落，完全不會於睡眠期間造成妨礙，但卻能很確實地取得血氧濃度以及心率等資訊，其中，血氧濃度可用來瞭解睡眠期間的呼吸情形，以提供有關睡眠呼 吸障礙(Sleep Disordered Breathing，SDB)的資訊，例如，睡眠呼吸中止(Obstructive Sleep Apnea，OSA)，心率則可用來瞭解睡眠期間的其他生理資訊，例如，心臟活動情形，以及據以衍生的其他生理資訊，例如，入睡的時間，而且，進一步地，若該殼體中亦設置有動作感測元件時，則還能偵測手部、身體的移動情形等，而這些都與睡眠品質息息相關，因此，相當具有優勢。 Such a setting is particularly suitable for use during sleep to detect sleep physiological state information, such as breathing conditions and sleep quality. This is because when such a design is adopted, not only is the volume compact, the structure installed on the finger is also quite simple, it is not easy to fall off, and it will not be hindered during sleep, but the blood oxygen concentration can be obtained very reliably. And heart rate and other information. Among them, blood oxygen concentration can be used to understand the breathing situation during sleep to provide relevant sleep Sleep Disordered Breathing (SDB) information, for example, sleep apnea (Obstructive Sleep Apnea, OSA), heart rate can be used to understand other physiological information during sleep, such as heart activity, and other physiological information derived from it Information, such as the time to fall asleep, and, further, if the housing is also provided with motion sensing elements, it can also detect the movement of the hands and the body, etc., and these are closely related to the quality of sleep, so , Quite advantageous.
進一步，若實施於睡眠期間使用時，為了讓使用者能自在地使用，還可將指戴結構的環繞範圍擴大至手掌的一部份，例如，如圖11F所示，環繞型指戴結構600d增加了環繞大拇指下方手掌的部分，如此一來，透過更大面積的固定，可讓使用者感覺更加穩固，也更加不影響睡眠，當然，指戴結構的實際實施形式，圖11F則僅是作為舉例之用，而非作為限制，只要是同時環繞手掌一部份的結構皆屬本案所欲主張的範圍，沒有限制。 Furthermore, if implemented during sleep, in order to allow the user to use it freely, the surrounding range of the finger-wearing structure can be extended to a part of the palm. For example, as shown in FIG. 11F, the surrounding finger-wearing structure 600d The part surrounding the palm under the thumb is increased. In this way, through a larger area of fixation, the user can feel more stable and does not affect sleep. Of course, the actual implementation of the finger-wearing structure is shown in Figure 11F. As an example, not as a limitation, as long as the structure that surrounds a part of the palm at the same time is within the scope of this case, there is no limitation.
另一方面，除了上述利用光感測器取得血液生理資訊外，亦可透用電極而取得電生理訊號。如上所述，由於殼體的體積很小，電接觸區域的接觸面積小，且兩電接觸區域間的距離近，除了有可能用於直接取得肌電訊號以及皮膚電訊號外，當欲取得其他電生理訊號時，或是肌電訊號及/或皮膚電訊號的取得位置無法由殼體直接達成時，則可進一步藉由變化指戴結構而達成電極與皮膚的接觸。 On the other hand, in addition to the use of light sensors to obtain blood physiological information, electrodes can also be used to obtain electrophysiological signals. As mentioned above, due to the small size of the housing, the small contact area of the electrical contact area, and the short distance between the two electrical contact areas, in addition to the possibility of directly obtaining electromyographic signals and skin electrical signals, when you want to obtain other electrical In the case of physiological signals, or when the acquisition position of the myoelectric signal and/or the electrical skin signal cannot be directly achieved by the housing, the contact between the electrode and the skin can be achieved by further changing the finger-wearing structure.
在實施時，該指戴結構實施為具有結合結構，用以接收該殼體，以及具有電極，位於可接觸的表面上，並電連接至位於結合結構內的電接觸部分，因此，透過殼體與結合結構的結合，原先殼體上的電接觸區域，就可被延伸至指戴結構上的電極。在此，需注意地是，依照實際測量的生理訊號不同，以及所欲設置的位置不同，電極的延伸可實施為僅延伸單個電極，也可實施為兩個電極皆向外延伸，都是可實施的方式。 In implementation, the finger-wearing structure is implemented to have a coupling structure for receiving the housing, and an electrode, which is located on a contactable surface, and is electrically connected to the electrical contact part located in the coupling structure, so that through the housing In combination with the bonding structure, the electrical contact area on the original shell can be extended to the electrode on the finger-mounted structure. Here, it should be noted that, depending on the actual measured physiological signals and the different positions to be set, the extension of the electrode can be implemented to extend only a single electrode, or it can be implemented as both electrodes extend outward. Way of implementation.
其中，當用來取得皮膚電訊號或肌電訊號時，可僅延伸一個電極， 以拉長電極間的距離，也可兩個電極皆透過指戴結構進行延伸，以設置至不同的位置。 Among them, when used to obtain a skin signal or an electromyographic signal, only one electrode can be extended, To lengthen the distance between the electrodes, both electrodes can also be extended through the finger-worn structure to be set to different positions.
另外，當用來取得心電訊號時，由於有一個電極必須接觸配戴殼體的手指所在肢體以外的其他身體部分，因此，至少有一個電極必須透過指戴結構而進行延伸，在實施上，則有許多不同的選擇。舉例而言，在一實施例中，可使殼體上的一個電接觸區域接觸手指，另一個電接觸區域透過指戴結構而延伸至外露的表面，以接觸其他身體部分；在另一實施例中，也可實施為兩個電接觸區域皆透過指戴結構而進行延伸，以分別接觸手指以及其他身體部分。因此，可以有各種可能，沒有限制。 In addition, when used to obtain ECG signals, since one electrode must contact the body part other than the limb where the finger wearing the shell is located, at least one electrode must be extended through the finger-wearing structure. In implementation, There are many different options. For example, in one embodiment, one electrical contact area on the housing can be made to contact a finger, and the other electrical contact area can be extended to the exposed surface through the finger-wearing structure to contact other body parts; in another embodiment In this case, it can also be implemented that both electrical contact areas extend through the finger-wearing structure to contact the fingers and other body parts respectively. Therefore, there are various possibilities without limitation.
因此，只要透過簡單地變化指戴結構，就可使同一個殼體執行不同的生理檢測行為，以及取得不同的生理訊號，相當具有優勢。 Therefore, by simply changing the finger-wearing structure, the same housing can perform different physiological detection behaviors and obtain different physiological signals, which is quite advantageous.
再者，該殼體也可實施為與一頭戴結構相結合，如圖12A所示，以設置於使用者的頭部。正如所熟知，頭部可取得許多的生理訊號，例如，可利用電極取得腦電訊號，眼電訊號，皮膚電訊號，肌電訊號等，以及可利用光感測器而取得腦部血流量的變化，血氧濃度，心率等，且其中腦電訊號，眼電訊號，腦部血流量變化是僅能於頭部取得的生理資訊，因此，是相當重要的生理監測位置。 Furthermore, the housing can also be implemented to be combined with a head-mounted structure, as shown in FIG. 12A, to be set on the user's head. As is well-known, the head can obtain many physiological signals, for example, it can use electrodes to obtain EEG signals, ocular signals, skin signals, myoelectric signals, etc., and can use light sensors to obtain brain blood flow. Changes, blood oxygen concentration, heart rate, etc., among which EEG signals, ocular signals, and changes in brain blood flow are physiological information that can only be obtained from the head, so they are very important locations for physiological monitoring.
在此情形下，由於取得腦電訊號的電極設置位置有其一定的限制，例如，一般多會依照國際10-20腦電配置系統(international 10-20 system)來設置電極，另外，眼電訊號也需將電極設置於眼睛周圍，因此，就適合利用如前所述的電極延伸設計，透過頭戴結構而將電極設置至需要的位置。 In this case, there are certain restrictions on the location of electrodes for obtaining EEG signals. For example, electrodes are generally set up in accordance with the international 10-20 system (international 10-20 system). The electrodes also need to be arranged around the eyes. Therefore, it is suitable to use the electrode extension design as described above to set the electrodes to the desired position through the head-mounted structure.
在實施時，類似地，如圖12B所示，該頭戴結構700實施為具有一結合結構710，用以接收該殼體，而特別地是，在該結合結構上，會具有相對應於電接觸區域510b及電接觸區域512b的電接觸部分，以在結合的同時達成電性接觸，之後，再透過沿著頭戴結構設置的連接線而電連接至 設置於頭戴結構上的延伸電極740，如此一來，即使根據本案的該殼體的體積非常小，也能夠非常簡單地就取得腦電訊號。 In implementation, similarly, as shown in FIG. 12B, the headwear structure 700 is implemented to have a coupling structure 710 for receiving the housing, and in particular, the coupling structure has a corresponding electrical The electrical contact portions of the contact area 510b and the electrical contact area 512b are combined to achieve electrical contact at the same time, and then are electrically connected to each other through a connection line arranged along the head-mounted structure The extension electrode 740 is arranged on the head-mounted structure. In this way, even if the volume of the housing according to the present case is very small, it is very easy to obtain EEG signals.
並且，只要透過變化頭戴結構的形式，例如，變化頭戴的型態，就可使電極達到任何的頭部區域，並取得相對位置之大腦皮質區域的腦電訊號，例如，當設置於前額時，可取得額葉區的腦電訊號，當設置於頭頂時，可取得頂葉區的腦電訊號，當設置於頭部兩側、耳朵上方附近位置時，可取得顳葉區的腦電訊號，以及當設置於頭部後方時，可取得枕葉區的腦電訊號。正如所知，不同的大腦皮質區域掌管著人體不同的功能，因此，對於各個大腦皮質區域的監測皆有其意義。 Moreover, as long as the form of the headwear structure is changed, for example, the shape of the headwear is changed, the electrodes can reach any head area and obtain the EEG signals of the cerebral cortex area at the relative position, for example, when set in the front In the frontal time, the EEG signal in the frontal lobe area can be obtained. When it is installed on the top of the head, it can obtain the EEG signal in the parietal lobe area. When it is installed on both sides of the head and near the top of the ears, it can obtain the brain electrical signals in the temporal lobe area. Electrical signals, and when placed at the back of the head, EEG signals in the occipital lobe area can be obtained. As we know, different cerebral cortex areas are in charge of different functions of the human body, therefore, the monitoring of each cerebral cortex area has its meaning.
至於頭戴結構的形式，則可依欲取得訊號的位置不同而有不同的選擇，例如，若欲設置於額頭，可簡單地採用貼片、貼布、黏膠的形式，減少負擔，也可採用綁帶的形式，或是具有夾力的頭框形式，若欲設置於頭頂，可採用頭框、帽子等形式，若欲設置於頭部後方，可採用綁帶、帽子、頭框等形式；另外，若欲取得眼電訊號時，則可設置於額頭的位置，或是向下延伸至眼睛周圍。因此，沒有限制，可依實際需求而改變。 As for the form of the headwear structure, there are different options depending on the position where you want to get the signal. For example, if you want to set it on the forehead, you can simply use the form of patches, stickers, and glue to reduce the burden. In the form of straps or a head frame with clamping force, if you want to set it on the top of the head, you can use a head frame, hat, etc., if you want to set it behind the head, you can use a strap, hat, head frame, etc. ; In addition, if you want to obtain ocular signals, you can set it on the forehead or extend it down to around the eyes. Therefore, there are no restrictions and can be changed according to actual needs.
其中，一種特別形式的頭戴結構是眼鏡結構。一般眼鏡結構在配戴於頭部時，會接觸的位置包括鼻梁以及耳朵上方，以及在某些情形下，亦會接觸眼睛的四周，因此，這樣的配置就很適合用來取得眼電訊號，額葉區腦電訊號，以及顳葉區腦電訊號。而且，由於根據本發明的該殼體體積亦可實施為很小，因此，也相當適合結合於眼鏡結構上。 Among them, a special type of head-mounted structure is the glasses structure. Generally, when the glasses structure is worn on the head, the contact positions include the bridge of the nose and the upper ears, and in some cases, it also touches the surrounding area of the eyes. Therefore, this configuration is very suitable for obtaining ocular signals. EEG signals in the frontal lobe area, and EEG signals in the temporal lobe area. Moreover, since the volume of the casing according to the present invention can also be implemented to be small, it is also quite suitable for being combined with the glasses structure.
在此，需注意地是，依照實際測量的生理訊號不同，以及所欲設置的位置不同，電接觸區域的延伸可實施為僅單個延伸，也可實施為兩個電接觸區域皆向外延伸，例如，當頭戴結構設置於額頭上的時候、或是頭戴結構實施為眼鏡結構時，可直接利用殼體上的一個電接觸區域，而僅將一個電接觸區域延伸出去，因此，沒有限制。 Here, it should be noted that, depending on the actual measured physiological signal and the desired location, the extension of the electrical contact area can be implemented as a single extension, or both electrical contact areas can extend outward. For example, when the head-mounted structure is set on the forehead, or when the head-mounted structure is implemented as a spectacle structure, an electrical contact area on the housing can be directly used, and only one electrical contact area can be extended. Therefore, there is no restriction .
而這樣的設置也同樣非常適合應用於睡眠期間，舉例而言，判斷睡眠階段的最主要依據就是腦電訊號，例如，快速動眼期(REM，Rapid Eye Movement)，深睡，淺睡，清醒等，另外，肌電訊號以及眼電訊號也會被用來判定是否處於快速動眼期，而這些都是一般常見用來判斷睡眠品質的生理資訊，再者，光感測器取得的血氧濃度可用以得出睡眠期間的呼吸情形，例如，當出現睡眠呼吸中止時，通常會伴隨著血氧濃度的下降，故可透過觀察血氧濃度而判斷是否發生睡眠呼吸中止，另外，取得的心率可瞭解睡眠期間的生理狀態，例如，自律神經的狀態，心臟活動的情形，是否出現心律不整等，也可用來判定入睡(sleep onset)的時間等，此外，若於殼體中亦設置有動作感測元件，則還可偵測使用者的翻身等動作，因此，一般睡眠檢查會取得的生理訊號幾乎皆已囊括在內，而且，僅需要體積小巧的殼體配合上頭戴結構就可完成，無須複雜的配線，相當具有優勢。 And this setting is also very suitable for use during sleep. For example, the most important basis for judging the sleep stage is the EEG signal, for example, rapid eye movement (REM, Rapid Eye Movement), deep sleep, light sleep, wakefulness, etc. In addition, the myoelectric signal and the ocular signal are also used to determine whether it is in the rapid eye movement period. These are the physiological information commonly used to determine the quality of sleep. Furthermore, the blood oxygen concentration obtained by the light sensor can be used In order to obtain the breathing situation during sleep, for example, when sleep apnea occurs, it is usually accompanied by a decrease in blood oxygen concentration. Therefore, you can determine whether sleep apnea occurs by observing the blood oxygen concentration. In addition, the obtained heart rate can be understood The physiological state during sleep, such as the state of the autonomic nervous system, the state of heart activity, whether there is arrhythmia, etc., can also be used to determine the time to fall asleep (sleep onset), etc. In addition, if the housing is also equipped with motion sensing The components can also detect the user’s movements such as turning over. Therefore, almost all the physiological signals obtained by the general sleep examination are included. Moreover, it can be completed only by a small and exquisite shell with a head-mounted structure. Complicated wiring is quite advantageous.
再進一步，該殼體也可實施為與一頸戴結構800相結合。如圖13A-13B所示，透過該頸戴結構，該殼體可被設置於一使用者的軀幹前方，而在設置於軀幹前方的情形下，就很適合用來取得心電訊號，而由於殼體的體積小巧，兩個電接觸區域間的距離很短，因此，可透過頸戴結構上與該殼體相結合的結合結構，來延伸電接觸區域，例如，如圖13B所示，僅延伸一個電接觸區域至電極810，或是，如圖13A所示，兩個電接觸區域皆延伸至電極810，以使電極間的距離擴大，進而適合於軀幹前方取得心電訊號，在此情形下，使用者只要手按住位於驅幹前方的殼體與結合結構的結合體，就可輕易取得心電訊號。 Furthermore, the shell can also be implemented to be combined with a neck wear structure 800. As shown in Figures 13A-13B, through the neck-wearing structure, the shell can be set in front of a user's torso, and when set in front of the torso, it is very suitable for obtaining ECG signals. The volume of the housing is small and the distance between the two electrical contact areas is very short. Therefore, the electrical contact area can be extended through the combination structure of the neck wear structure and the housing. For example, as shown in FIG. 13B, only Extend one electrical contact area to the electrode 810, or, as shown in FIG. 13A, both electrical contact areas extend to the electrode 810 to expand the distance between the electrodes, which is suitable for obtaining ECG signals in front of the torso. In this case Next, the user can easily obtain the ECG signal by simply pressing the combination of the housing and the combination structure at the front of the drive.
另外，殼體中的光感測器亦可自軀幹、或是透過手部接觸而自手部取得血液生理資訊，例如，血氧濃度，脈波訊號，心率等，並且，當可同時取得心電訊號以及脈波訊號時，如前所述，就可取得脈波傳遞時間，以得知血管硬度/彈性等資訊，進而推估得出相關血壓值的數據。 In addition, the light sensor in the housing can also obtain blood physiological information from the torso or from the hand through hand contact, such as blood oxygen concentration, pulse wave signal, heart rate, etc., and when the heart can be obtained at the same time In the case of electrical signals and pulse wave signals, as mentioned above, the pulse wave transmission time can be obtained to obtain information such as blood vessel hardness/elasticity, and then to estimate the relevant blood pressure data.
此外，該殼體還可實施為與一耳戴結構相結合。由於該殼體的體積非常小，當設置於耳朵上時，與目前市面上常見之耳機的體積差異不大，不但不造成負擔，也不顯突兀。 In addition, the shell can also be implemented in combination with an ear-wearing structure. Since the volume of the casing is very small, when it is placed on the ear, there is little difference in volume from the current common earphones on the market, which not only causes no burden, but is also not obtrusive.
在耳朵上及/或耳朵附近的位置，可透過光感測器取得血氧濃度、脈波訊號、心率等，以及透過電極取得腦電訊號、肌電訊號、皮膚電訊號、心電訊號等，同樣有各種選擇。其中，光感測器的設置只需與耳朵或耳朵附近的皮膚接觸即可，腦電訊號、肌電訊號、皮膚電訊號等可透過兩個電極分別接觸耳朵、及/或耳朵附近區域的皮膚而取得，至於心電訊號，則較佳地是，實施為一個電極接觸耳朵或耳朵附近的皮膚，以及另一個電極延伸至外露的表面以供一上肢接觸。 At the position on and/or near the ear, blood oxygen concentration, pulse signal, heart rate, etc. can be obtained through light sensors, and brain electrical signals, electromyographic signals, skin electrical signals, ECG signals, etc. can be obtained through electrodes. There are also various options. Among them, the light sensor only needs to be in contact with the ear or the skin near the ear. EEG signals, myoelectric signals, skin signals, etc. can contact the ears and/or the skin near the ears through two electrodes. As for obtaining the ECG signal, it is preferably implemented as one electrode contacting the ear or the skin near the ear, and the other electrode extending to the exposed surface for contact by an upper limb.
至於耳戴結構的形式，也同樣有各種可能，無論是耳內殼體形式、耳掛形式、或是耳夾形式都是可行的方式，且因應不同的形式，所使用的材質也可有相應的改變，電極及光感測器的設置也會有所不同。舉例而言，當實施為耳內殼體形式時，可實施為利用具彈性的材質包覆該殼體，例如，矽膠，以使其適應耳廓內面的凹陷及突起，此時，電極可直接由包覆材質破孔露出，也可採用如上所述的延伸形式，以達成與皮膚的接觸；當實施為耳掛形式時，由於會具有掛設於耳廓上方的掛件，因此，就增加了可接觸耳廓背面、及/或耳朵附近頭部的可能，此時，就可透過延伸的方式將電極延伸至掛件上，至於殼體的設置位置則是可設置於耳廓前方、或是耳廓後方，都是可選擇的位置；當實施為耳夾形式時，可將電極延伸至耳夾的內面，以接觸耳朵被夾設的部分的皮膚，例如，耳垂、耳廓邊緣等，也可將電極延伸至耳夾的外露表面，以供上肢接觸。至於光感測器，無論採用何種形式的耳戴結構，都只需確保其會被露出，可接觸並固定於皮膚上即可，因此，都是可行的方式，沒有限制。 As for the form of the ear wear structure, there are also various possibilities, whether it is the form of the ear shell, the ear hook, or the ear clip, all possible methods, and the materials used can also be corresponding to different forms The settings of the electrodes and light sensors will also be different. For example, when implemented in the form of an ear shell, it can be implemented to cover the shell with an elastic material, such as silicone, so as to adapt to the depressions and protrusions on the inner surface of the auricle. In this case, the electrode can be It is directly exposed from the broken hole of the covering material, and the extended form as described above can also be used to achieve contact with the skin; when implemented as an earhook form, there will be a pendant hanging above the auricle, so it is increased It is possible to touch the back of the auricle and/or the head near the ear. At this time, the electrode can be extended to the pendant by extension. As for the position of the housing, it can be set in front of the auricle, or The rear of the auricle is optional; when implemented as an ear clip, the electrode can be extended to the inner surface of the ear clip to contact the skin of the clipped part of the ear, such as the earlobe, edge of the auricle, etc. The electrode can also be extended to the exposed surface of the ear clip for upper limb contact. As for the light sensor, no matter what kind of ear-wearing structure is adopted, it is only necessary to ensure that it is exposed, can be contacted and fixed on the skin, and therefore, it is a feasible way without limitation.
再進一步，該殼體還可實施為與一腕戴結構900相結合，如圖 14A-14B所示。而在腕部附近，透過光感測器可取得脈波訊號、心率、血氧濃度等血液生理訊號，以及透過電極可取得肌電訊號、皮膚電訊號、心電訊號等電生理訊號，其中，肌電訊號以及皮膚電訊號的取得需要兩個電極同時接觸同一部份的皮膚，另外，心電訊號的取得則可實施為一個電極接觸手腕附近的皮膚，且另一個電極延伸至外露的表面以供其他身體部分接觸，例如，另一上肢，軀幹等。 Furthermore, the shell can also be implemented to be combined with a wrist-worn structure 900, as shown in the figure Shown in 14A-14B. In the vicinity of the wrist, blood physiological signals such as pulse signal, heart rate, and blood oxygen concentration can be obtained through light sensors, and electrophysiological signals such as myoelectric signal, skin electrical signal, and electrocardiographic signal can be obtained through electrodes. Among them, The acquisition of electromyographic signals and skin signals requires two electrodes to contact the same part of the skin at the same time. In addition, the acquisition of electrocardiographic signals can be implemented as one electrode touching the skin near the wrist and the other electrode extending to the exposed surface. For contact with other body parts, for example, another upper limb, trunk, etc.
在此，由於殼體的體積很小，因此，該腕戴結構的形狀將變得非常自由，可以是手環形式，手錶形式，或是帶體形式，如此一來，使用者就可依實際使用習慣而選擇自己希望的腕戴結構形式。 Here, due to the small volume of the casing, the shape of the wrist-worn structure will become very free, which can be in the form of a bracelet, a watch, or a strap. In this way, the user can follow the actual situation. Use habits and choose the wrist-worn structure you want.
有關電極以及光感測器的配置，則與上述類似。其中，光感測器需被露出並設置於可接觸且固定於手腕上的位置，至於電極則可以實施為直接露出殼體上的電極514達成接觸，如圖14A所示，也可利用腕戴結構上延伸的電極910，如圖14B所示，皆無限制。 The configuration of electrodes and light sensors is similar to the above. Wherein, the light sensor needs to be exposed and set in a position that can be contacted and fixed on the wrist. As for the electrode, it can be implemented to directly expose the electrode 514 on the housing to achieve contact. As shown in FIG. 14A, it can also be worn on the wrist. The structurally extending electrode 910, as shown in FIG. 14B, is not limited.
在此，需要注意地是，上述的穿戴結構僅在於舉例說明，並非作為限制，根據本發明的殼體所能配合的穿戴結構並不因此受限，只要可與該殼體相結合並依附於人體表面的穿戴結構，例如，臂戴結構，胸帶，綁腿帶，貼片等，皆屬本案的應用範疇，沒有限制。 Here, it should be noted that the above-mentioned wearing structure is for illustration only, and not as a limitation. The wearing structure that can be fitted with the casing according to the present invention is not limited, as long as it can be combined with the casing and attached to the casing. The wearing structure of the human body surface, such as arm wearing structure, chest strap, legging strap, patch, etc., are all within the scope of application of this case and there is no limitation.
綜上所述，透過重新定義生理訊號擷取單元的殼體尺寸，以及其上光感測器及電接觸區域的配置，就可使同一個生理訊號擷取單元通用於多種的穿戴結構，因而可被設置於可取得各種生理訊號的各個身體部分，例如，頭部、耳朵、軀幹、手臂、手腕、手指等，而這些位置所能取得的生理訊號就幾乎囊括了一般生理監測所需。 In summary, by redefining the housing size of the physiological signal capturing unit, and the configuration of the light sensor and electrical contact area on it, the same physiological signal capturing unit can be used in a variety of wearable structures. It can be set on various body parts that can obtain various physiological signals, such as the head, ears, torso, arms, wrists, fingers, etc. The physiological signals that can be obtained from these positions almost cover the needs of general physiological monitoring.
而且，更進一步地，若再於殼體中配置動作感測元件，還可取得身體的移動情形，及/或再增設溫度感測元件，則可取得體溫資訊，將更具優勢。 Furthermore, if a motion sensing element is further arranged in the housing, the movement of the body can be obtained, and/or a temperature sensing element can be added to obtain body temperature information, which is more advantageous.
再者，當上述的裝置應用於睡眠期間的偵測時，尤其是實施為指戴形式時，除了上述穿戴結構與殼體可分離的情形外，亦可實施為一體成形指戴結構600e，例如，如圖15所示，夾設於指尖的殼體，或是直接形成為透過指環進行固定的指戴結構，都是可行的方式，沒有限制，只需能固定於手指上即可。 Furthermore, when the above-mentioned device is used for detection during sleep, especially when implemented as a finger-wearing form, in addition to the above-mentioned case where the wearing structure is detachable from the housing, it can also be implemented as an integral finger-wearing structure 600e, such as As shown in Fig. 15, a shell that is clamped on the fingertip or a finger-wearing structure that is directly formed to be fixed through a finger ring is a feasible way. There is no limitation, and it only needs to be fixed on the finger.
在睡眠期間，有數種可於手指測得並可反應睡眠生理狀態的生理訊號，舉例而言，藉由血氧濃度可得知是否出現呼吸低下的情形，例如，淺呼吸、呼吸中止等，這是因為當出現呼吸低下時，血液中的氧氣量就會下降，因此，可藉觀察血氧濃度變化而得知睡眠期間的呼吸變化；再者，心率可用來輔助觀察睡眠期間的生理狀態，例如，自律神經的狀態，心臟活動的情形，是否出現心律不整等，也可用來判定入睡(sleep onset)的時間；再進一步，若再增設動作感測元件，例如，加速度器，則可提供身體移動的資訊。因此，即使只是配戴於手指上的小體積裝置，綜合上述的這些資訊，同樣可以獲得相當多有關睡眠生理狀態的資訊，例如，睡眠品質，其中尤其適合用來瞭解是否具有睡眠呼吸障礙(Sleep Disordered Breathing，SDB)，例如，睡眠呼吸中止(Obstructive Sleep Apnea，OSA)。 During sleep, there are several physiological signals that can be measured on the finger and reflect the physiological state of sleep. For example, the blood oxygen concentration can be used to know whether there is hypopnea, such as shallow breathing, respiratory arrest, etc. It is because when there is low breathing, the amount of oxygen in the blood will decrease. Therefore, the changes in breathing during sleep can be learned by observing changes in blood oxygen concentration; in addition, heart rate can be used to assist in observing the physiological state during sleep, such as , The state of the autonomic nervous system, the state of heart activity, whether there is arrhythmia, etc., can also be used to determine the time to fall asleep (sleep onset); further, if additional motion sensing elements, such as an accelerometer, can provide body movement Information. Therefore, even if it is only a small-sized device worn on the finger, combining the above information can also obtain a lot of information about the physiological state of sleep, such as sleep quality, which is especially suitable for understanding whether there is sleep breathing disorder (Sleep Disordered Breathing, SDB), for example, Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA).
另一方面，在得知自身的睡眠情形後，若是能夠同時提供幫助入眠、及/或有助舒壓的程序，則對使用者而言，將會是更為完整的解決方案。 On the other hand, after knowing one's own sleep situation, if it can provide a program to help sleep and/or help relieve pressure at the same time, it will be a more complete solution for the user.
近年來，越來越多的研究顯示，人體能夠透過自我意識調控的方式而影響身體之運作系統，以達到改善身心健康的效果，例如，引發體內的放鬆反應(relaxation response)。所謂的放鬆反應，可說是與戰鬥或逃跑反應(fight-or-flight response)互補的一種身體反應，一般而言，放鬆反應會發生在當身體不再感知危險的時候，此時，自律神經系統中交感神經的活性會下降，而此種反應則可透過冥想(meditation)、呼吸訓練(breath training)、生理回饋(biofeedback)、漸進式肌肉放鬆(progressive muscle relaxation)、瑜珈等方式而於體內引發，可被用來治療壓力以及焦慮等症狀。 In recent years, more and more studies have shown that the human body can influence the body's operating system through self-consciousness regulation to achieve the effect of improving physical and mental health, for example, triggering a relaxation response in the body. The so-called relaxation response can be said to be a physical response that complements the fight-or-flight response. Generally speaking, the relaxation response occurs when the body no longer perceives danger. At this time, the autonomic nerves The activity of sympathetic nerves in the system will decrease, and this response can be achieved through meditation, breath training, biofeedback, and progressive muscle relaxation. It is triggered by relaxation), yoga and other methods in the body, and can be used to treat symptoms such as stress and anxiety.
其中，生理回饋是一種人體為了改善健康及效能等目的而學習如何改變生理活動的學習程序，在此程序中，人體中可透過意識，例如，思考、情緒，以及行為等，改變的生理活動，例如，腦波，心率、呼吸、肌肉活動或皮膚溫度等，會透過儀器進行監測，並快速且準確的將資訊回饋給受試者，由於此資訊與所欲達成的生理改變有關，因此，受試者在獲得資訊後，就可據以而進行自我意識調控，以加強所需的生理反應及/或改善自身生理狀態等。 Among them, physiological feedback is a learning process in which the human body learns how to change physiological activities for the purpose of improving health and performance. In this process, the human body can change physiological activities through consciousness, such as thinking, emotion, and behavior. For example, brain waves, heart rate, respiration, muscle activity, or skin temperature will be monitored through instruments, and information will be quickly and accurately fed back to the subject. Since this information is related to the desired physiological change, it is subject to After the examinee obtains the information, he can adjust his/her self-consciousness accordingly to strengthen the required physiological response and/or improve his/her physiological state.
而透過前面所述生理檢測裝置中電極及/或其他生理感測元件的配置，可取得的生理訊號，如腦電訊號，肌電訊號，皮膚電訊號，心率，血流量，皮膚溫度等都是生理回饋程序中經常採用的生理訊號。 And through the configuration of electrodes and/or other physiological sensing components in the physiological detection device described above, the physiological signals that can be obtained, such as brain electrical signals, electromyographic signals, skin electrical signals, heart rate, blood flow, skin temperature, etc. A physiological signal often used in physiological feedback procedures.
其中，當腦波中α波佔優勢時表示人體處於放鬆的清醒狀態，β波佔優勢時表示人體處於清醒且緊張的狀態，而θ波佔優勢時則表示人體處於放鬆且意識中斷的狀態，因此可透過觀察腦波的變化情形而得知人體的生理及意識狀態；肌電訊號代表了人體肌肉的緊張度，且肌肉緊張度亦與自律神經的活動有關，故可據以得知肌肉的緊張程度；皮膚電活動與汗腺的活動有關，而汗腺的分泌僅受交感神經影響，且當交感神經活性增加時，汗腺活動增加，因此可透過測量皮膚電活動的方式得知交感神經的活性增減，而正如所熟知，交感神經活性減少就表示副交感神經的活性增加，亦即，人體處於較放鬆的狀態；心率因受到交感神經與副交感神經兩者的調控，且當交感神經活性增加時，心率變快，當副交感神經活性增加時，心率則變慢，因此可透過觀察心率序列而得知兩者間的活性消長情形；另外，因為傳送至肢體末端皮膚的血管僅受交感神經影響，且當交感神經活性降低時，血管收縮減少，管徑變大，血流增加，皮膚表面溫度上升，因此也可藉由測量肢體末稍皮膚溫度而推知交感神經相對於副交感神經的活 性增減，例如，透過溫度感測元件測量溫度。 Among them, when the alpha wave is dominant in the brain wave, it means the human body is in a relaxed and awake state, when the beta wave is dominant, it means the human body is awake and tense, and when the θ wave is dominant, it means the human body is in a relaxed state with interrupted consciousness. Therefore, the physiological and consciousness state of the human body can be learned by observing the changes in brain waves; the myoelectric signal represents the tension of the human muscles, and the muscle tension is also related to the activity of the autonomic nervous system. The degree of tension; the electrical skin activity is related to the activity of the sweat glands, and the secretion of the sweat glands is only affected by the sympathetic nerves, and when the activity of the sympathetic nerves increases, the activity of the sweat glands increases, so the increase in the activity of the sympathetic nerves can be known by measuring the electrical skin activity As is well known, a decrease in sympathetic nerve activity means an increase in parasympathetic nerve activity, that is, the human body is in a more relaxed state; heart rate is regulated by both sympathetic nerves and parasympathetic nerves, and when sympathetic nerve activity increases, The heart rate becomes faster. When the parasympathetic nerve activity increases, the heart rate becomes slower. Therefore, the activity growth and decline between the two can be known by observing the heart rate sequence; in addition, because the blood vessels that transmit to the skin of the extremities are only affected by the sympathetic nerves, and When the sympathetic nerve activity decreases, the vasoconstriction decreases, the tube diameter increases, the blood flow increases, and the skin surface temperature rises. Therefore, the activity of the sympathetic nerve relative to the parasympathetic nerve can also be inferred by measuring the skin temperature of the limbs. Increase or decrease in nature, for example, measuring temperature through a temperature sensing element.
而正如所熟知，交感神經以及副交感神經是人體的自律神經系統，因此，透過取得這些生理資訊就可得知人體的自律神經相關生理資訊，因此，這些生理資訊，無論是電生理資訊，或是血液生理資訊，或是體溫資訊，皆適合用來進行生理回饋程序，舉例而言，可在睡前進行生理回饋，以達到有助於入眠的生理狀態，例如，可透過生理回饋增加腦波中α波所佔的比例，以誘導睡眠的發生，另外，也可於平時有空閒時進行生理回饋，例如，透過生理回饋增加副交感神經的活性，將可有助於舒緩精神壓力。 And as is well known, sympathetic nerves and parasympathetic nerves are the autonomic nervous system of the human body. Therefore, by obtaining these physiological information, one can know the physiological information related to the autonomic nervous system of the human body. Therefore, the physiological information, whether it is electrophysiological information or Blood physiological information or body temperature information are suitable for physiological feedback procedures. For example, physiological feedback can be performed before going to bed to achieve a physiological state conducive to sleep. For example, physiological feedback can be used to increase brain waves The proportion of alpha waves can induce sleep. In addition, physiological feedback can also be provided during leisure time. For example, increasing the activity of parasympathetic nerves through physiological feedback can help relieve mental stress.
在此情形下，根據本發明的裝置只需進一步配合一資訊提供單元，將相關所取得之生理訊號透過一通知信息提供給使用者，就可讓使用者能夠即時得知生理上的改變，進而達成執行生理回饋程序所需的設置。 In this case, the device according to the present invention only needs to further cooperate with an information providing unit to provide the relevant acquired physiological signals to the user through a notification message, so that the user can instantly know the physiological changes, and then Achieve the settings required to perform the physiological feedback program.
舉例而言，可直接於生理檢測裝置上設置資訊提供單元，以透過視覺、聽覺、及/或觸覺可感知的各種通知方式來進行信息提供，例如，利用閃光、圖式、數值變化等視覺可感知方式，聲音、語音等聽覺可感知方式，及/或振動、溫度改變等觸覺可感知方式，並可透過設置發熱元件、振動元件、發聲元件、顯示元件等來達成，可以有各種可能，沒有限制。 For example, the information providing unit can be directly set on the physiological detection device to provide information through various notification methods that can be sensed by sight, hearing, and/or touch, for example, using flashing lights, patterns, numerical changes, and other visual capabilities. Sensing methods, auditory perceptible methods such as sound and voice, and/or tactile perceptible methods such as vibration and temperature change, can be achieved by setting heating elements, vibrating elements, sound elements, display elements, etc. There are various possibilities, no limit.
而且，基於根據本發明裝置的多用途特性，使用者還可基於回饋目的的不同，或是使用習慣的差異，而自行選擇作為生理回饋依據的生理訊號，舉例而言，只要選擇指戴結構，就可自手指取得體溫資訊、血液生理資訊、及/或皮膚電資訊，就可簡單地進行放鬆的生理回饋，相當方便。 Moreover, based on the multi-purpose characteristics of the device according to the present invention, the user can choose the physiological signal as the basis of the physiological feedback based on the difference in the purpose of the feedback or the difference in the usage habits. For example, as long as the finger-wearing structure is selected, The body temperature information, blood physiological information, and/or skin electrical information can be obtained from the finger, and relaxing physiological feedback can be easily performed, which is very convenient.
再者，當採用根據本發明的穿戴式生理檢測裝置時，只需簡單地安置好穿戴結構，例如，戴上戒指，戴上眼鏡，戴上耳機，戴上手環等，就等於完成了生理感測元件的設置，接著，只需開始進行生理檢測並透過資訊提供單元獲得即時的生理資訊，就可進行生理回饋，相當方便，而也由於如此簡單且方便的設置，在使用時就幾乎沒有時間、地點的限制，例 如，通勤期間、睡覺前等都是可進行生理回饋的時間、地點，相當有助於提升使用者的使用者意願。 Furthermore, when the wearable physiological detection device according to the present invention is used, only the wearing structure is simply placed, for example, wearing a ring, wearing glasses, wearing headphones, wearing a bracelet, etc., is equivalent to completing the physiological sense The setting of the measuring element, then, just start the physiological test and obtain the real-time physiological information through the information providing unit, and then the physiological feedback can be carried out. It is quite convenient, and because of such a simple and convenient setting, there is almost no time in use. , Location restrictions, for example For example, during commuting, before going to bed, etc., are the times and places where physiological feedback can be performed, which is quite helpful to enhance the user's willingness.
相對地，傳統在進行生理回饋時，所採用的生理檢測裝置，多呈現接線複雜的情形，舉例而言，通常都是有一台機器設置於使用者身邊的桌上，在從機器接線至使用者身上，例如，若進行腦電訊號檢測，就會有多條線連接至使用者頭部，若測量皮膚電訊號，則通常採用的方式是有兩條線分別連接至使用者的兩隻手指，若進行體溫檢測，也同樣需要接線至欲取得體溫的位置，在此情形下，使用者等於就被綁在桌前，不僅限制了使用的地點，也等於限制了使用的時間，相當不方便。 In contrast, the traditional physiological detection devices used for physiological feedback often have complicated wiring. For example, there is usually a machine installed on the desk next to the user. On the body, for example, if the EEG signal is detected, there will be multiple wires connected to the user’s head. If the skin signal is measured, the usual method is to have two wires respectively connected to the user’s two fingers. For body temperature detection, it also needs to be wired to the position where the body temperature is to be obtained. In this case, the user is tied to the table, which not only restricts the place of use, but also restricts the time of use, which is quite inconvenient.
當然，該資訊提供單元除了用於生理回饋期間以外，亦可在其他的穿戴使用期間用來提供使用者相關的其他通知、指示等，例如，可在所偵測的生理訊號符合預設條件時，例如，心跳過快，出現心律不整，血氧濃度過低等，透過聲音、振動、閃光等各種方式而提醒使用者，因此，沒有限制。 Of course, in addition to the physiological feedback period, the information providing unit can also be used to provide other notifications, instructions, etc. related to the user during other wearing periods. For example, it can be used when the detected physiological signals meet preset conditions. For example, if the heartbeat is fast, arrhythmia occurs, the blood oxygen concentration is too low, etc., the user is reminded through various methods such as sound, vibration, flashing, etc. Therefore, there is no limit.
另外，該資訊提供單元亦可實施為外部裝置，例如，智慧型手機，智慧型手錶，平板，電腦等，在此情形下，根據本發明的裝置中只需再包括一無線傳輸模組，例如，藍芽模組，就可達成與該外部裝置間的無線溝通，並於生理回饋期間即時提供使用者資訊，舉例而言，利用與智慧型手機間的即時無線傳輸，例如，透過於手機上執行應用程式(APP)而與配戴於身上的生理檢測裝置間進行溝通，上述的各種無論是視覺、聽覺、或觸覺可感知方式，都可利用手機來達成，不但可減輕手部的負擔，也由於智慧型手機、平板等各種可攜式電子裝置已完全融入一般使用者的日常生活，在操作上也相當容易，無須額外的學習。 In addition, the information providing unit can also be implemented as an external device, such as a smart phone, smart watch, tablet, computer, etc. In this case, the device according to the present invention only needs to include a wireless transmission module, such as , Bluetooth module can achieve wireless communication with the external device, and provide real-time user information during the physiological feedback period, for example, using real-time wireless transmission with a smart phone, for example, through the mobile phone Execute the application (APP) to communicate with the physiological detection device worn on the body. The above-mentioned various methods, whether visual, auditory, or tactile perceptible, can be achieved by using a mobile phone, which not only reduces the burden on the hands, but also Also, because various portable electronic devices such as smart phones and tablets have been fully integrated into the daily lives of ordinary users, they are also quite easy to operate without additional learning.
此外，該無線溝通除了用於生理回饋期間外，亦可用於單純的資訊傳送，例如，所擷取的生理訊號，以及檢測結果等，在此情形下，則可 實施為即時無線傳輸，或是實施為在生理監測結束後進行，沒有限制，也因此，該殼體中還可設置記憶體，以儲存所取得的生理訊號，並於監測結束後下載至外部裝置，當然，記憶體亦可作為無線傳輸前的緩衝記憶體，沒有限制。 In addition, the wireless communication can be used for simple information transmission in addition to the physiological feedback period, such as the captured physiological signals and the detection results. In this case, it can be It can be implemented as real-time wireless transmission, or after the physiological monitoring is over, there are no restrictions. Therefore, the housing can also be equipped with a memory to store the acquired physiological signals and download them to an external device after the monitoring is over Of course, the memory can also be used as a buffer memory before wireless transmission without limitation.
在此，需注意地是，此無線溝通、記憶體將可實施於本案前述所有實施例中的裝置，亦即，本文至此所提及的任何裝置都可進一步配置一無線傳輸模組，而進行與一外部裝置間的無線溝通，例如，可用以將所測得的生理資訊傳送至外部裝置，或是該外部裝置可透過該無線溝通而對穿戴使用者身上的裝置進行控制、設定等，及/或配置一記憶體，皆無限制，而如此的配置則使得穿戴形式使用方便性能進一步獲得提升，相當具優勢。 Here, it should be noted that this wireless communication and memory will be implemented in the devices in all the previous embodiments of this case, that is, any device mentioned so far in this article can be further equipped with a wireless transmission module to perform Wireless communication with an external device, for example, can be used to transmit the measured physiological information to the external device, or the external device can control and set the device on the wearer through the wireless communication, and There is no limit to the configuration of a memory, and such a configuration further improves the convenience and performance of the wearable form, which is quite advantageous.
綜上所述，本發明提供了多用途生理檢測裝置的概念，利用不同的穿戴結構，就可在使用同一裝置的情形下，方便且簡單地設置於不同的身體部位，進而取得不同的生理訊號，不但具成本效益，更達到讓使用者可隨著需求不同而改變使用方式，進而獲得最符合所需之生理訊號的目的。 To sum up, the present invention provides the concept of a multi-purpose physiological detection device. By using different wearing structures, it can be conveniently and simply installed on different body parts under the same device to obtain different physiological signals. It is not only cost-effective, but also allows users to change the way of use according to different needs, and then obtain the most suitable physiological signal.
310‧‧‧耳戴結構 310‧‧‧Ear Wear Structure
312‧‧‧耳戴結構 312‧‧‧Ear Wear Structure
314‧‧‧連接線 314‧‧‧Connecting line
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