CN209310174U - A kind of multi-joint unit of heat pipe air conditioner - Google Patents

A kind of multi-joint unit of heat pipe air conditioner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209310174U
CN209310174U CN201821331015.6U CN201821331015U CN209310174U CN 209310174 U CN209310174 U CN 209310174U CN 201821331015 U CN201821331015 U CN 201821331015U CN 209310174 U CN209310174 U CN 209310174U
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China
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heat pipe
compressor
condenser
cold source
fluid reservoir
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孙继东
丁式平
何慧丽
杨赢喜
张贺
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Beijing Deneng Hengxin Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Deneng Hengxin Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of multi-joint unit of heat pipe air conditioner, including heat pipe end system, fluid reservoir, circulating pump, multiple groups parallel connection cold source system, temperature sensor and control module;The import of the circulating pump is connected to fluid reservoir;The outlet of the circulating pump is in the import of heat pipe end system, the inlet communication of the outlet of the heat pipe end system cold source system in parallel with multiple groups;The outlet of the cold source system of the multiple groups parallel connection is connected to fluid reservoir;The heat pipe end system includes the heat pipe indoor unit of multiple groups parallel connection;Every group of cold source system includes natural cooling source and compressor cold source, natural cooling source and compressor cold source are parallel with one another, it is connected between the outlet and fluid reservoir of heat pipe end system after all cold source systems are in parallel, there are three types of operational modes for the cold source system of whole device in this way, it may be assumed that the mixed mode that compressor cold source mode, natural cooling source mode, compressor and natural cooling source use simultaneously.

Description

A kind of multi-joint unit of heat pipe air conditioner
Technical field
This application involves Refrigeration & Air-Conditioning technical fields, and in particular to a kind of multi-joint unit of heat pipe air conditioner.
Background technique
As Communication in China industry is grown rapidly, the energy consumption and power saving of computer room are urgently to be resolved, and by heat pipe skill Art is for communications equipment room and the air conditioner energy saving of information centre's computer room this new technology, and energy-efficient with its, environmentally protective is superior Property has caused extensive concern.
However, the refrigerating capacity of hot-pipe system is easy to be influenced by machine room outdoor temperature regime, when the temperature of machine room outdoor Spend higher, the refrigerating capacity of hot-pipe system will be poorer, i.e. the indoor temperature value of computer room that can reduce of hot-pipe system is smaller;Especially It is when the temperature difference of computer room indoor and outdoor is less than a certain numerical value (such as 5 DEG C), it is possible to hot-pipe system can be made not freeze effectively. Therefore, hot-pipe system is individually used, it is difficult to which calculator room equipment can be met to temperature by being effectively ensured the computer room indoor temperature moment It is required that.
In the prior art, in order to solve this problem, it will usually join hot-pipe system and conventional mechanical compression-type refrigeration air-conditioning It closes and uses, in this way when machine room outdoor temperature is higher, with regard to being freezed by conventional mechanical compression-type refrigeration air-conditioning, set for computer room It is standby that suitable operating temperature is provided.However, using this hot-pipe system and the air conditioner combined operation of conventional mechanical compression-type refrigeration Air conditioning mode, there is also have 1 larger problem: if single compressor cooling supply, system can not be backed up;If double-compressor cooling supply, It will cause compressor and freeze machine oil to be unevenly distributed, cause compressor damage, do not have the effect of backup.
Therefore, outdoor natural coldness resource utilizing rate can be improved and improve unit overall performance and can by how designing one kind By property, and then research and propose more preferably solution, it is ensured that data center or communications equipment room equipment whole year normal table operation Refrigeration cooling device is this field urgent problem to be solved.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the utility model is to overcome the above-mentioned problems of the prior art, and it is more to provide a kind of heat pipe air conditioner It online group, is set by the more perfect structure design in mechanical refrigeration circuit and heat pipe cooling circuit and more reasonable refrigerating method Meter realizes that the device in the utility model can be using dynamic heat pipe system as end, natural cooling source and mechanical refrigeration conduct The operating mode of cold source is adapting to different outdoor environment temperature situations, meets the reliable and high of the indoor temperature control of whole year in computer room While effect, extend the service life of device.
A kind of in order to achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is: multi-joint unit of heat pipe air conditioner, including heat pipe End system, fluid reservoir, circulating pump, multiple groups parallel connection cold source system, temperature sensor and control module;The circulating pump into Mouth is connected to fluid reservoir;The outlet of the circulating pump in the import of heat pipe end system, the outlet of heat pipe end system with The inlet communication of the cold source system of multiple groups parallel connection;The outlet of the cold source system of the multiple groups parallel connection is connected to fluid reservoir;The heat Pipe end system includes the heat pipe indoor unit of multiple groups parallel connection;Each group of heat pipe indoor unit includes that heat pipe evaporator and corresponding electronics are swollen Swollen valve, the electric expansion valve are connected to the import of heat pipe evaporator, the electric expansion valve of all groups in this way heat pipe indoor units and Heat pipe evaporator series arm is parallel with one another to form heat pipe end system;Every group of cold source system includes natural cooling source and compression Machine cold source, natural cooling source and compressor cold source be it is parallel with one another, is connected to heat pipe end system after all cold source systems are in parallel Between the outlet and fluid reservoir of system, there are three types of operational modes for the cold source system of such whole device, it may be assumed that compressor cold source mould The mixed mode that formula, natural cooling source mode, compressor and natural cooling source use simultaneously.The temperature sensor is for detecting computer room Inside and outside psychrometric difference, the signal input part of control module is connected with the signal output end of temperature sensor, according to temperature sensor Transmit the work for the signal control heat pipe air conditioner device included.
Further, the entrance of all natural cooling sources and compressor cold source system is equipped with one and is connected with fluid reservoir Balance pipe or all natural cooling sources and the co-portal of compressor cold source system parallel connection at be equipped with one led with fluid reservoir Logical balance pipe.
Further, the natural cooling source includes heat pipe condenser, and heat pipe condenser is connected to going out for heat pipe end system Between mouth and fluid reservoir.
Further, all compressor cold sources include Intermediate Heat Exchanger, compressor, compressor condenser and compressor Electric expansion valve;The heat pipe pipeline of the Intermediate Heat Exchanger is connected between the outlet and fluid reservoir of heat pipe end system;It is intermediate The compressor cycle piping connection of heat exchanger is between compressor and compressor electric expansion valve.
Further, the Intermediate Heat Exchanger is in plate heat exchanger, shell-and-tube heat exchanger, double-tube heat exchanger or high-efficiency tank It is a kind of.
Further, the position of all heat pipe condensers and Intermediate Heat Exchanger is above the position of fluid reservoir, realizes Heat pipe condenser and the refrigeration working medium of Intermediate Heat Exchanger condensation are by gravity reflux to fluid reservoir.
Further, the compressor condenser of the heat pipe condenser of the natural cooling source and compressor cold source system shares one A condenser fan, compressor condenser and heat pipe condenser are placed side by side, and condenser fan is installed on compressor condenser Side, to make from heat pipe condenser to compressor condenser, outdoor air passes sequentially through heat pipe condenser to wind direction and compressor is cold Condenser exchanges heat with it.
Further, the circulating pump is fluorine pump or Two-phase fluid pump.
Further, all compressors are frequency-changeable compressors.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantage that
1, it is set by the more perfect structure design of heat pipe end system and cold source system and more reasonable refrigerating method Meter realizes that the device in the utility model can be using dynamic heat pipe system as end, natural cooling source and compression mechanism cold-working For the operating mode of cold source, solves existing air-conditioning from the different outdoor environment temperature situation of adaptation, meet annual in computer room Indoor temperature control functions reliably and efficiently while, extend the service life of device, the problem of energy consumption is high;
2, compressor refrigeration uses frequency-changeable compressor, according to all compressors of refrigeration requirement together low frequency, intermediate frequency or height Frequency works, and backs up between each other, reduces the start-stop time of compressor, improves refrigerating efficiency, prolongs the service life;
3, in addition, by the design in heat pipe end system throttling set, refrigerant in each heat pipe end system is realized Best liquid filled ratio is operated, and is reduced energy consumption, is improved efficiency, obtain good energy-saving effect.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the first embodiment of the utility model heat pipe air conditioner device.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of second of embodiment of the utility model heat pipe air conditioner device.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the third embodiment of the utility model heat pipe air conditioner device.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the 4th kind of embodiment of the utility model heat pipe air conditioner device.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the 5th kind of embodiment of the utility model heat pipe air conditioner device.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the 6th kind of embodiment of the utility model heat pipe air conditioner device.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram of the 7th kind of embodiment of the utility model heat pipe air conditioner device.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram of the 8th kind of embodiment of the utility model heat pipe air conditioner device.
In figure: 100, heat pipe end system;101, the first evaporator of heat pipe;102, the second evaporator of heat pipe;103, heat pipe Third evaporator;104, the 4th evaporator of heat pipe;10N, heat pipe N evaporator;200, cold source system;210, natural cooling source; 220, compressor cold source;2, heat pipe condenser;3, compressor condenser;4, Intermediate Heat Exchanger;5, fluid reservoir;601, evaporator First fan;602, the second fan of evaporator;603, evaporator third fan;604, the 4th fan of evaporator;60N, evaporator N fan;7, condenser fan;71, heat pipe condenser fan;72, compressor condenser fan;8, circulating pump;901, first Electric expansion valve;902, the second electric expansion valve;903, third electric expansion valve;904, the 4th electric expansion valve;90N, N electricity Sub- expansion valve;10, compressor;11, compressor electric expansion valve;12, balance pipe.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is further illustrated with embodiment below, as described below is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model , it is not intended to limit the utility model, it is right although the utility model is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments For those skilled in the art, it is still possible to modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments, or Equivalent replacement of some of the technical features.Within the spirit and principle of the utility model, it is made it is any modification, Equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.
Specific embodiment one
Please referring to a kind of multi-joint unit of heat pipe air conditioner of the utility model shown in Fig. 1 includes heat pipe end system 100, fluid reservoir 5, circulating pump 8, cold source system 200, temperature sensor and control module.The import of the circulating pump 8 is connected to fluid reservoir 5, and The bottom in fluid reservoir 5 is goed deep into import;The outlet of the circulating pump 8 is in the import of heat pipe end system 100, heat pipe end The outlet of system 100 and the inlet communication of cold source system 200;The outlet of the cold source system 200 is connected to fluid reservoir 5.
The heat pipe end system 100 includes the heat pipe indoor unit of M group parallel connection, and each group of heat pipe indoor unit includes one by one Corresponding heat pipe evaporator, evaporator fan and electric expansion valve, wherein M is greater than the natural number equal to 2;Each group of electronics Expansion valve is connected on the import of heat pipe evaporator;All heat pipe indoor units be it is parallel with one another, i.e., in all heat pipe indoor units The evaporation circuit of electric expansion valve and corresponding heat pipe evaporator series arm formation heat pipe end system 100 parallel with one another;Often The evaporator fan of one group of heat pipe indoor unit is installed on the side of corresponding heat pipe evaporator, for promoting room air and heat pipe The heat exchange of evaporator.
In the present embodiment, M=4, i.e., the described heat pipe end system 100 include four groups of heat pipe indoor units in parallel;Every group of heat Pipe indoor unit includes one-to-one heat pipe evaporator 101 ~ 104, evaporator fan 601 ~ 604 and electric expansion valve 901 ~ 904, The electric expansion valve 901 ~ 904 of each group of heat pipe indoor unit is connected to the import of corresponding heat pipe evaporator 101 ~ 104;Each group Evaporator fan 601 ~ 604 be installed on the side of corresponding heat pipe evaporator 101 ~ 104, for promoting room air and heat pipe The heat exchange of evaporator 101 ~ 104.
The cold source system 200 includes natural cooling source 210 and compressor cold source 220, natural cooling source 210 and compressor cold source 220 are connected in parallel between the outlet of heat pipe end system 100 and fluid reservoir 5.
The natural cooling source 210 includes heat pipe condenser 2 and heat pipe condenser fan 71, and heat pipe condenser 2 is connected to heat Between the outlet and fluid reservoir 5 of pipe end system 100;Heat pipe condenser fan 71 is installed on the side of heat pipe condenser 2, is used for Promote the heat exchange of natural cooling source and heat pipe condenser 2.
The compressor cold source 220 includes Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4, compressor 10, compressor condenser 3, compressor condenser Fan 72 and compressor electric expansion valve 11, the Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4, compressor 10, compressor condenser 3 and compressor electronics Expansion valve 11 gets up to form the compression cold source system of an independent loops according to sequence described above connection;Compressor condenser fan 72 It is installed on the side of compressor condenser 3, for promoting compressor condenser 3 to radiate into environment.
The Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4 is one kind of plate heat exchanger, shell-and-tube heat exchanger, double-tube heat exchanger or high-efficiency tank;It is intermediate Condenser of the heat pipe pipeline of heat exchanger 4 as heat pipe end system 100, be connected to heat pipe end system 100 outlet and Among fluid reservoir 5;Evaporator of the compressor cycle pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4 as compressor cold source 220, is connected to compression Between machine 10 and compressor electric expansion valve 11, realize that the heat exchange that compressor cold source 220 passes through Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4 is heat pipe end The heat pipe evaporator 101 ~ 104 of end system 100 provides cooling capacity.
The circulating pump 8 is fluorine pump or Two-phase fluid pump.
The compressor 10 is frequency-changeable compressor;
The position of the heat pipe condenser 2 and Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4 is higher than the position of fluid reservoir 5, realizes heat pipe condenser 2 The refrigerant condensed with Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4 is by gravity reflux to fluid reservoir.
The installation site of the heat pipe condenser 2 and Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4 is located above fluid reservoir 5 and is more than or equal at 200mm.
The installation site of the heat pipe condenser 2 and Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4 is located above fluid reservoir 5 and is more than or equal at 300mm.
The temperature sensor is used to detect the psychrometric difference inside and outside computer room, the signal input part and temperature sensing of control module The signal output end of device is connected, and according to the work for the signal control heat pipe air conditioner device that temperature sensor transmission is included, that is, passes through After the judgement and operation of temperature height, the aperture for controlling compressor electric expansion valve 11 and electric expansion valve 901 ~ 904 (guarantees every The best liquid filled ratio of refrigerant is operated in heat pipe evaporator 101 ~ 104 in a heat pipe end system 100) and heat pipe condensation The revolving speed of device fan 71, compressor condenser fan 72 and compressor 10 (by adjusting the revolving speed of compressor 10, reduces compressor 10 start-stop time);So that there are three types of operational modes for the cold source system 200 of whole device, it may be assumed that compressor cold source mode, nature The mixed mode that cold source mode, compressor and natural cooling source use simultaneously.Three models maximizing uses outdoor cold source, subtracts The runing time of few compressor, greatly improves the annual efficiency of refrigeration system.
When winter outdoor weather cold, indoor/outdoor temperature-difference is larger, and compressor 10 stops working, heat pipe end system 100 It is room temperature lowering that outdoor natural cooling source 210, which is used alone, the liquid coolant work under the operating mode in heat pipe evaporator 101 ~ 104 Matter, heat vaporization becomes steam in absorption chamber;Due to there is condensation process in heat pipe condenser 2, the refrigerant medium of vaporization directly into Enter heat pipe condenser 2, heat is discharged by outdoor natural cold air, flows into fluid reservoir 5 by gravity to be condensed into liquid It is interior;Liquid coolant working medium in fluid reservoir 5 throttles back corresponding heat under the action of circulating pump 8 through electric expansion valve 901 ~ 904 Pipe evaporator 101 ~ 104;There is no condensation process, heat pipe evaporation in heat pipe pipeline in the above condensation due to Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4 The refrigerant steam vaporized in device 101 ~ 104 is obstructed in 4 heat pipe pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger.
It when outdoor weather hot in summer etc., indoor/outdoor temperature-difference very little or is negative, heat pipe end system 100 is independent It the use of compressor cold source 220 is room temperature lowering, the operating mode, the unlatching of compressor 10, the heat pipe evaporation of every group of heat pipe indoor unit Liquid coolant working medium in device 101 ~ 104, heat vaporization becomes steam in absorption chamber;Due in 4 heat pipe pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger There is condensation process, the refrigerant medium of vaporization is directly entered the refrigeration in 4 heat pipe pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger and compressor cycle pipeline Agent carries out heat exchange, discharges heat, flows into fluid reservoir 5 to be condensed into liquid by gravity;Liquid in fluid reservoir 5 is cold Matchmaker's working medium throttles back corresponding heat pipe evaporator 101 ~ 104 under the action of circulating pump 8 through electric expansion valve 901 ~ 904;In and Between liquid refrigerant in 4 compressor cycle pipeline of heat exchanger absorb the heat of heat pipe pipeline refrigerant release and be gasificated as steaming Gas is inhaled into compressor 10, and compressed high pressure gas flows into compressor condenser 3, and condensation becomes liquid, and electromechanical through compression Sub- expansion valve 11 back flows back into the compressor cycle pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4;In the above condensation process, in heat pipe condenser 2 There is no condensation process, the refrigerant steam vaporized in heat pipe evaporator 101 ~ 104 is obstructed in 2 branch of heat pipe condenser.
In the nice and cool variation of spring and autumn transition season outdoor weather, compressor 10 is opened, and heat pipe end system 100 uses room simultaneously Outer natural cooling source 210 and compressor cold source 220 are room temperature lowering.Under the operating mode, the heat pipe evaporation of every group of heat pipe indoor unit Liquid coolant working medium in device 101 ~ 104, heat vaporization becomes steam in absorption chamber;Some vapor is directly entered heat pipe condenser 2, heat is discharged by outdoor natural cold air, liquid is condensed into and is flowed into fluid reservoir 5 by gravity;Another part steam The refrigerant being directly entered in 4 heat pipe pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger and compressor cycle pipeline carries out heat exchange, discharges heat, condensation It is also flowed into fluid reservoir 5 for liquid by gravity;Liquid coolant working medium in fluid reservoir 5 is under the action of circulating pump 8 through electricity Sub- expansion valve 901 ~ 904 throttles back corresponding heat pipe evaporator 101 ~ 104;And in 4 compressor cycle pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger The heat that liquid refrigerant absorbs the release of heat pipe pipeline refrigerant is gasificated as steam, is inhaled into compressor 10, compressed height Body of calming the anger flows into compressor condenser 3, and condensation becomes liquid, and back flows back into Intermediate Heat Exchanger through compressor electric expansion valve 11 4 compressor cycle pipelines.
Specific embodiment two
It please refers to shown in Fig. 3, in the present embodiment, the heat pipe condenser 2 of the natural cooling source and compressor cold source system The entrance of 4 heat pipes of Intermediate Heat Exchanger is equipped with the balance pipe 12 be connected with fluid reservoir 5;Or the natural cooling source One is equipped at co-portal after the 4 heat pipe pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger of heat pipe condenser 2 and compressor cold source system is in parallel The balance pipe 12 be connected with fluid reservoir 5.12 one side of balance pipe is used to promote heat pipe condenser 2 and the compression of natural cooling source The import of the 4 heat pipe pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger of machine cold source system is equal with outlet pressure difference, the liquid coolant generated in condensation process Working medium can pass through gravity reflux to fluid reservoir;On the other hand guarantee the heat pipe condenser 2 or compressor of natural cooling source When not having condensation process in the heat pipes of the Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4 of cold source system, gaseous refrigerant working medium does not pass through its corresponding branch Road.Rest part is the same as example 1, and working method is also identical.
Specific embodiment three
It please refers to shown in Fig. 2, in the present embodiment, the heat pipe condenser 2 of the natural cooling source and compressor cold source system Compressor condenser 3 shares a condenser fan 7, and compressor condenser 3 and heat pipe condenser 2 are placed side by side, condenser wind The sides that fan 7 is installed on compressor condenser 3, wind direction be from heat pipe condenser 2 to compressor condenser 3, make outdoor air according to It is secondary to be exchanged heat by heat pipe condenser 2 and compressor condenser 3 with it.Rest part is the same as example 1, working method also phase Together.
Specific embodiment four
It please refers to shown in Fig. 4, in the present embodiment, the heat pipe condenser 2 of the natural cooling source and compressor cold source system Compressor condenser 3 shares a condenser fan 7, and compressor condenser 3 and heat pipe condenser 2 are placed side by side, condenser wind The sides that fan 7 is installed on compressor condenser 3, wind direction be from heat pipe condenser 2 to compressor condenser 3, make outdoor air according to It is secondary to be exchanged heat by heat pipe condenser 2 and compressor condenser 3 with it.
The entrance of 4 heat pipes of Intermediate Heat Exchanger of the heat pipe condenser 2 and compressor cold source system of the natural cooling source It is equipped with heat pipe condenser 2 and the compressor cold source system of balance pipe 12 or the natural cooling source that one is connected with fluid reservoir 5 The balance pipe 12 be connected with fluid reservoir 5 is equipped at co-portal after 4 heat pipes of Intermediate Heat Exchanger of system are in parallel.Institute 12 one side of balance pipe is stated for promoting the heat pipe condenser 2 of natural cooling source and 4 heat of Intermediate Heat Exchanger of compressor cold source system The import of pipeline is equal with outlet pressure difference, and the liquid coolant working medium generated in condensation process can pass through gravity reflux and arrive Fluid reservoir;On the other hand guarantee the heat pipe of the heat pipe condenser 2 of natural cooling source or the Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4 of compressor cold source system When not having condensation process in pipeline, gaseous refrigerant working medium does not pass through its corresponding branch.Rest part is the same as example 1, work It is also identical to make method.
Specific embodiment five
It please refers to shown in Fig. 5, in the present embodiment, heat pipe end system 100 includes the heat pipe indoor unit of N group parallel connection, wherein N It is greater than the natural number equal to 2;Every group of heat pipe indoor unit includes one-to-one 101 ~ 10N of heat pipe evaporator and electric expansion valve 901 ~ 90N, 901 ~ 90N of electric expansion valve of each group of heat pipe indoor unit be connected to corresponding 101 ~ 10N of heat pipe evaporator into Mouthful;All heat pipe indoor units form heat pipe end system 100 according to being together in parallel shown in Fig. 5;The heat pipe end system 100 General import and the outlet of circulating pump 8 connect, and the outlet of heat pipe end system 100 is connect with the general import of cold source system 200.
The side of 101 ~ 10N of heat pipe evaporator of every group of heat pipe indoor unit is mounted on 601 ~ 60N of evaporator fan, It is used to promote the heat exchange of room air Yu 101 ~ 10N of heat pipe evaporator.
The cold source system of the multi-joint unit of heat pipe air conditioner also includes that L group (it is natural number that wherein, L, which is more than or equal to 2, L) is in parallel Cold source system 200;Every group of cold source system 200 includes natural cooling source 210 and compressor cold source 220, natural cooling source 210 and compressor Cold source 220 is connected in parallel between the outlet of heat pipe end system 100 and fluid reservoir 5;In this way, all cold source systems 200 are in parallel Between the outlet and fluid reservoir 5 of heat pipe end system 100.
The working principle of the multi-joint unit of heat pipe in the present embodiment are as follows:
When winter outdoor weather cold, indoor/outdoor temperature-difference is larger, and the compressor 10 of all groups of cold source systems stops working, The outdoor natural cooling source 210 of all groups of cold source systems is used alone for room temperature lowering, under the operating mode in heat pipe end system 100 Liquid coolant working medium in 101 ~ 10N of heat pipe evaporator, heat vaporization becomes steam in absorption chamber;Due to each group cold source system Heat pipe condenser 2 in have condensation process, the refrigerant medium of vaporization respectively enters the heat pipe cold for being directly entered each group cold source system Condenser 2 discharges heat by outdoor natural cold air, flows into fluid reservoir 5 to be condensed into liquid by gravity;Liquid storage Liquid coolant working medium in tank 5 throttles back corresponding heat pipe evaporator under the action of circulating pump 8 through 901 ~ 90N of electric expansion valve 101~10N。
It when outdoor weather hot in summer etc., indoor/outdoor temperature-difference very little or is negative, heat pipe end system 100 is independent It the use of all compressor cold sources 220 is room temperature lowering, the operating mode, the unlatching of compressor 10, all compressors as needed 10 provide corresponding cooling capacity by frequency conversion;Liquid coolant working medium in 101 ~ 10N of heat pipe evaporator of every group of heat pipe indoor unit is inhaled Indoor heat is received to be vaporized into as steam;Due to having condensation process, the refrigerant work of vaporization in all 4 heat pipe pipelines of Intermediate Heat Exchanger Matter respectively enters the 4 heat pipe pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger of each group cold source system 200 and the refrigerant in compressor cycle pipeline carries out Heat exchange discharges heat, flows into fluid reservoir 5 to be condensed into liquid by gravity;Liquid coolant working medium in fluid reservoir 5 It throttles back corresponding 101 ~ 10N of heat pipe evaporator under the action of circulating pump 8 through 901 ~ 90N of electric expansion valve;And intermediate heat exchange The heat that liquid refrigerant in 4 compressor cycle pipeline of device absorbs the release of heat pipe pipeline refrigerant is gasificated as steam, is inhaled Enter compressor 10, compressed high pressure gas flows into compressor condenser 3, and condensation becomes liquid, and through compressor electronic expansion Valve 11 back flows back into the compressor cycle pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4.
In the nice and cool variation of spring and autumn transition season outdoor weather, compressor 10 is opened, and all compressors 10 as needed pass through Frequency conversion provides corresponding cooling capacity;Heat pipe end system 100 uses all outdoor natural cooling sources 210 and mechanical refrigeration source simultaneously 220 be room temperature lowering.Under the operating mode, liquid coolant working medium in every group of 101 ~ 10N of heat pipe evaporator absorbs Indoor Thermal Amount vaporization becomes steam;Some vapor respectively enters each heat pipe condenser 2 of the hot cooling system 200 of each group, by outdoor naturally cold Air discharges heat, is condensed into liquid and flows into fluid reservoir 5 by gravity;Another part steam respectively enters cold source system Refrigerant in 200 4 heat pipe pipeline of each Intermediate Heat Exchanger and compressor cycle pipeline carries out heat exchange, discharges heat, condensation It is also flowed into fluid reservoir 5 for liquid by gravity;Liquid coolant working medium in fluid reservoir 5 is under the action of circulating pump 8 through electricity Sub- 901 ~ 90N of expansion valve throttles back corresponding 101 ~ 10N of heat pipe evaporator;And each Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4 of cold source system 200 compresses The heat that liquid refrigerant in machine circulation line absorbs the release of heat pipe pipeline refrigerant is gasificated as steam, is inhaled into compressor 10, compressed high pressure gas flows into compressor condenser 3, and condensation becomes liquid, and again through compressor electric expansion valve 11 Flow into 4 compressor cycle pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger.
Specific embodiment six
It please refers to shown in Fig. 6, in the present embodiment, the heat pipe condenser 2 of each natural cooling source and compressor cold source system The entrance of 4 heat pipes of Intermediate Heat Exchanger is equipped with the balance pipe 12 be connected with fluid reservoir 5;Or every group of natural cooling source One is equipped at co-portal after the 4 heat pipe pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger of heat pipe condenser 2 and compressor cold source system is in parallel The balance pipe 12 be connected with fluid reservoir 5.12 one side of balance pipe is used to promote heat pipe condenser 2 and the compression of natural cooling source The import of the 4 heat pipe pipeline of Intermediate Heat Exchanger of machine cold source system is equal with outlet pressure difference, the liquid coolant generated in condensation process Working medium can pass through gravity reflux to fluid reservoir;On the other hand guarantee the heat pipe condenser 2 or compressor of natural cooling source When not having condensation process in the heat pipes of the Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4 of cold source system, gaseous refrigerant working medium does not pass through its corresponding branch Road.Rest part is identical as embodiment five, and working method is also identical.
Specific embodiment seven
It please refers to shown in Fig. 7, in the present embodiment, the heat pipe condenser 2 and compressor of the natural cooling source of every group of cold source system The compressor condenser 3 of cold source system shares a condenser fan 7, compressor condenser 3 and heat pipe condenser 2 and discharges It sets, condenser fan 7 is installed on the side of compressor condenser 3, and wind direction is to make from heat pipe condenser 2 to compressor condenser 3 Outdoor air passes sequentially through heat pipe condenser 2 and compressor condenser 3 exchanges heat with it.Rest part is identical as embodiment five, work It is also identical to make method.
Specific embodiment eight
It please refers to shown in Fig. 8, in the present embodiment, the heat pipe condenser 2 and compressor of the natural cooling source of every group of cold source system The compressor condenser 3 of cold source system shares a condenser fan 7, compressor condenser 3 and heat pipe condenser 2 and discharges It sets, condenser fan 7 is installed on the side of compressor condenser 3, and wind direction is to make from heat pipe condenser 2 to compressor condenser 3 Outdoor air passes sequentially through heat pipe condenser 2 and compressor condenser 3 exchanges heat with it.
The entrance of 4 heat pipes of Intermediate Heat Exchanger of the heat pipe condenser 2 and compressor cold source system of every group of natural cooling source It is equipped with heat pipe condenser 2 and the compressor cold source system of balance pipe 12 or every group of natural cooling source that one is connected with fluid reservoir 5 The balance pipe 12 be connected with fluid reservoir 5 is equipped at co-portal after 4 heat pipes of Intermediate Heat Exchanger of system are in parallel.Institute 12 one side of balance pipe is stated for promoting the heat pipe condenser 2 of natural cooling source and 4 heat of Intermediate Heat Exchanger of compressor cold source system The import of pipeline is equal with outlet pressure difference, and the liquid coolant working medium generated in condensation process can pass through gravity reflux and arrive Fluid reservoir;On the other hand guarantee the heat pipe of the heat pipe condenser 2 of natural cooling source or the Intermediate Heat Exchanger 4 of compressor cold source system When not having condensation process in pipeline, gaseous refrigerant working medium does not pass through its corresponding branch.Rest part is identical as embodiment five, work It is also identical to make method.
It should be noted that for each embodiment above-mentioned, for simple description, therefore, it is stated as component or portion Part combination, but those skilled in the art should understand that, the application is not limited by described component names, because of foundation The application, certain components may be implemented the function of above-mentioned corresponding component also within the scope of protection of this application.Secondly, ability Field technique personnel also should be aware of, and the embodiments described in the specification are all preferred embodiments, and related component is not It must be necessary to the application.
Above-mentioned the embodiment of the present application serial number is for illustration only, does not represent the advantages or disadvantages of the embodiments.
In above-described embodiment of the application, all emphasizes particularly on different fields to the description of each embodiment, do not have in some embodiment The part of detailed description, reference can be made to the related descriptions of other embodiments.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the application, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, under the premise of not departing from the application principle, several improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications are also answered It is considered as the protection scope of the application.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of multi-joint unit of heat pipe air conditioner, which is characterized in that in parallel including heat pipe end system, fluid reservoir, circulating pump, multiple groups Cold source system, temperature sensor and control module;The import of the circulating pump is connected to fluid reservoir;The outlet of the circulating pump It is connected to the import of heat pipe end system, the inlet communication of the outlet of the heat pipe end system cold source system in parallel with multiple groups;Institute The outlet for stating the cold source system of multiple groups parallel connection is connected to fluid reservoir;The heat pipe end system includes in the heat pipe chamber of multiple groups parallel connection Machine;Each group of heat pipe indoor unit includes heat pipe evaporator and corresponding electric expansion valve, and the electric expansion valve is connected to heat pipe steaming Send out the import of device, the electric expansion valve and heat pipe evaporator series arm shape parallel with one another of all groups in this way heat pipe indoor units At heat pipe end system;Every group of cold source system includes natural cooling source and compressor cold source, and natural cooling source and compressor cold source are phases Mutual parallel connection, it is connected between the outlet and fluid reservoir of heat pipe end system after all cold source systems are in parallel, it is entire in this way There are three types of operational modes for the cold source system of device, it may be assumed that compressor cold source mode, natural cooling source mode, compressor and natural cooling source The mixed mode used simultaneously;The temperature sensor is used to detect the psychrometric difference inside and outside computer room, the signal input of control module End is connected with the signal output end of temperature sensor, controls heat pipe air conditioner device according to the signal that temperature sensor transmission is included Work.
2. the multi-joint unit of a kind of heat pipe air conditioner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that all natural cooling sources and pressure The entrance of contracting machine cold source system is equipped with the balance pipe that one is connected with fluid reservoir or all natural cooling sources and compressor is cold A balance pipe be connected with fluid reservoir is equipped at the co-portal of source system parallel connection.
3. the multi-joint unit of a kind of heat pipe air conditioner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the natural cooling source includes heat pipe Condenser, heat pipe condenser are connected between the outlet and fluid reservoir of heat pipe end system.
4. the multi-joint unit of a kind of heat pipe air conditioner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that all compressor cold source packets Include Intermediate Heat Exchanger, compressor, compressor condenser and compressor electric expansion valve;The heat pipe pipeline of the Intermediate Heat Exchanger connects It connects between the outlet and fluid reservoir of heat pipe end system;The compressor cycle piping connection of Intermediate Heat Exchanger is in compressor and pressure Between compressor electronic expansion valve.
5. the multi-joint unit of a kind of heat pipe air conditioner according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the Intermediate Heat Exchanger is board-like One of heat exchanger, shell-and-tube heat exchanger, double-tube heat exchanger or high-efficiency tank.
6. the multi-joint unit of a kind of heat pipe air conditioner according to claim 3 or 4, which is characterized in that all heat pipe condensations The position of device and Intermediate Heat Exchanger is above the position of fluid reservoir, realizes the refrigeration work of heat pipe condenser and Intermediate Heat Exchanger condensation Matter is by gravity reflux to fluid reservoir.
7. the multi-joint unit of a kind of heat pipe air conditioner according to claim 3 or 4, which is characterized in that the heat of the natural cooling source The compressor condenser of pipework condensation device and compressor cold source system shares a condenser fan, compressor condenser and heat pipe cold Condenser is placed side by side, and condenser fan is installed on the side of compressor condenser, and wind direction is cold from heat pipe condenser to compressor Condenser, makes that outdoor air passes sequentially through heat pipe condenser and compressor condenser exchanges heat with it.
8. the multi-joint unit of a kind of heat pipe air conditioner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the circulating pump be fluorine pump or Two-phase fluid pump.
9. the multi-joint unit of a kind of heat pipe air conditioner according to claim 1, which is characterized in that all compressors are frequency conversions Compressor.
CN201821331015.6U 2018-08-17 2018-08-17 A kind of multi-joint unit of heat pipe air conditioner Active CN209310174U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109028409A (en) * 2018-08-17 2018-12-18 北京中热信息科技有限公司 A kind of multi-joint unit of heat pipe air conditioner

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109028409A (en) * 2018-08-17 2018-12-18 北京中热信息科技有限公司 A kind of multi-joint unit of heat pipe air conditioner

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