CN209066984U - A kind of air-raid shelter's clear height is by diffuser casing in limited time and gas defence combination of channels structure - Google Patents

A kind of air-raid shelter's clear height is by diffuser casing in limited time and gas defence combination of channels structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209066984U
CN209066984U CN201821690695.0U CN201821690695U CN209066984U CN 209066984 U CN209066984 U CN 209066984U CN 201821690695 U CN201821690695 U CN 201821690695U CN 209066984 U CN209066984 U CN 209066984U
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China
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short tube
partition wall
gas defence
buried short
diffuser casing
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CN201821690695.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈至纯
季斐
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Suzhou Tiandi Design And Research Institute Co ltd
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Suzhou Tiandi Civil Defence Architectural Design Research Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of air-raid shelter's clear height by diffuser casing in limited time and gas defence combination of channels structure, including gas defence channel, the two sides in the gas defence channel are respectively arranged with diffuser casing, the first airtight partition wall is provided between each diffuser casing and the gas defence channel, the first pre-buried short tube for connecting wartime air hose is provided with above first airtight partition wall, the other two sides in the gas defence channel are provided with the second airtight partition wall, closed guard gate is respectively arranged on second airtight partition wall, the second pre-buried short tube being used cooperatively with each first pre-buried short tube is provided with above closed guard gate described in side, the thickness of first airtight partition wall and second airtight partition wall is not less than 250mm, each diffuser casing other side is provided with explosion wave prevention active door.By the above-mentioned means, the layer that the utility model under the premise of meeting ventilation in wartime amount, can effectively control entire basement is high, reduce the area that people's air defense oral area occupies basement, reduces cost.

Description

A kind of air-raid shelter's clear height is by diffuser casing in limited time and gas defence combination of channels structure
Technical field
The utility model relates to air-raid shelter's technical field, more particularly to a kind of air-raid shelter's clear height by limited time Diffuser casing and gas defence combination of channels structure.
Background technique
Air-raid shelter is that the part such as important component of civil air defense constructions and installations, including exterior wall, cushion wall, explosion proof door forms, When usual, it may be used as the spare room such as underground parking garage, solve the problems, such as the parking difficulty to become increasingly conspicuous, take into account and usually use function Can, accomplish that flat station combines, plays war readiness benefit, the Social benefit and economic benefit of civil air defense constructions and installations;And it is anti-for the people in wartime Empty temporary shelters, wartime air defense direction center, communication center and closed place etc..
The main doorway of each protective unit is personnel or vehicles while passing people before and after wartime attack from the air in air-raid shelter The entrance of preventing engineering, includes gas defence channel and diffuser casing, and wartime main doorway need to connect the air hose of wartime blower, wartime Air hose connects the blower in protective unit in wartime Ventilator Room, and air hose penetrates gas defence channel and penetrates diffuser casing, the size of air hose again It is calculated according to the ventilation in wartime amount of each unit, a diffuser casing is arranged in a general gas defence channel, meets people's air defense and mainly goes out The requirement of entrance.
The structure of air-raid shelter in the vertical direction, is generally divided into three parts: being followed successively by structure sheaf, equipment from top to bottom Layer and clear height layer, wherein structure sheaf includes top plate and girder construction;Mechanical floor includes various equipment installations and pipeline;Clear height layer is flat When using function actual use space, clear height specification not less than usually use function specification limit.
In the prior art, the wartime air hose of air-raid shelter is both needed to be installed in place under peacetime state, with equipment usually Pipeline often has the case where intersection, will affect the height space of clear height layer in air-raid shelter;On the other hand, because to basement cost Control, can strict control basement buried depth, the layer for reducing air-raid shelter to the greatest extent is high, and the clear height layer of air-raid shelter must It must meet usually with wartime requirement, cause the spatial altitude that can walk equipment installation limited.
Generally for the high purpose of basement floor is reduced, it is Induced fan form that ventilating system, which can be used, though Induced fan It can be so not provided with air hose, reduce equipment layer height, but such form is only limited to basement without protective requirement use, if combining In the case where people's air defense function, still need to be provided with wartime air hose.How air-raid shelter's clear height by limited time, effectively control basement Layer is high, reduces cost, while guaranteeing that ventilation quantity is a urgent problem to be solved again.
Utility model content
The utility model mainly solving the technical problems that provide a kind of air-raid shelter's clear height by diffuser casing in limited time and The height of ventilation in wartime pipe can be effectively reduced under the premise of meeting ventilation in wartime amount in gas defence combination of channels structure, effectively control The layer for having made entire basement is high, does not increase the number of people's air defense main doorway in single Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence, reduces people's air defense Oral area occupies the area of basement, reduces cost.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution that the utility model uses is: providing a kind of air-raid shelter Clear height is respectively set by diffuser casing in limited time and gas defence combination of channels structure, including gas defence channel, the two sides in the gas defence channel There is diffuser casing, the first airtight partition wall, first airtight partition wall are provided between each diffuser casing and the gas defence channel Top is provided with the first pre-buried short tube for connecting wartime air hose, and it is closed that the other two sides in the gas defence channel are provided with second Partition wall is respectively arranged with closed guard gate on second airtight partition wall, be provided with above closed guard gate described in side with it is corresponding described in The thickness of the second pre-buried short tube that first pre-buried short tube is used cooperatively, first airtight partition wall and second airtight partition wall is equal Not less than 250mm, the side that each diffuser casing avoids being arranged the described first pre-buried short tube is provided with explosion wave prevention active door.
Preferably, to be provided with for fixing first between the described first pre-buried short tube and first airtight partition wall closed Wing ring is provided with for fixing second closed wing ring between the second pre-buried short tube and second airtight partition wall.
Preferably, the described first pre-buried short tube and the second pre-buried short tube are all made of steel plate material.
Preferably, the wall thickness of the described first pre-buried short tube and the second pre-buried short tube is 2.0~3.0mm.
Preferably, the described first pre-buried short tube and the second pre-buried short tube are disposed as cylindrical shape, the wartime air hose Between the first pre-buried short tube flanged joint is connected or passed through by being continuously fully welded mode;The wartime air hose and described Between second built-in pipe flanged joint is connected or passed through by being continuously fully welded mode.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: a kind of air-raid shelter's clear height provided by the utility model is by diffusion in limited time Room and gas defence combination of channels structure, the layer that under the premise of meeting ventilation in wartime amount, can effectively control entire basement is high, The number for not increasing people's air defense main doorway in single Protective Unit of Civil Air Defence reduces the area that people's air defense oral area occupies basement, Reduce cost.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the planar structure schematic diagram of the utility model, for embodying integral structure layout;
Fig. 2 is the side schematic view of the utility model, for embodying built-in pipe, wartime air hose, the position between closed guard gate Relationship;
The components in the drawings are labeled as follows:
1, gas defence channel;2, diffuser casing;3, the first airtight partition wall;4, wartime air hose;5, the first pre-buried short tube;6, second is close Close partition wall;7, closed guard gate;8, the second pre-buried short tube;9, explosion wave prevention active door;10, the first closed wing ring;11, the second closed wing ring.
Specific embodiment
The preferred embodiment of the utility model is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawing, so that the advantages of the utility model It can be easier to be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art with feature, to make the protection scope of the utility model apparent clear Define.
Embodiment:
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, a kind of air-raid shelter's clear height is by diffuser casing in limited time and gas defence combination of channels structure, packet Gas defence channel 1 is included, the two sides in gas defence channel 1 are respectively arranged with diffuser casing 2, and diffuser casing 2 is to utilize its space diffusion in wartime The effect of shock wave pressure in air is reduced, a diffuser casing 2 is arranged in a usual gas defence channel 1 in the prior art, in order to full Sufficient ventilation in wartime amount, wartime air hose occupy biggish mechanical floor height space, reduce the space of air-raid shelter's clear height, usually It can only lean on and increase the solution of excavation of foundation pit depth early period, project cost is elevated.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the first airtight partition wall 3 is provided between each diffuser casing 2 and gas defence channel 1, first is close It closes the thickness of partition wall 3 to be arranged not less than 250mm, and using reinforced concrete wall, the top of the first airtight partition wall 3 is provided with First pre-buried short tube 5.The other two sides in gas defence channel 1 are provided with the second airtight partition wall 6, and the second airtight partition wall 6 is closed with first As partition wall 3, thickness is not less than 250mm, and is arranged using reinforced concrete wall.It is respectively set on second airtight partition wall 6 There is closed guard gate 7, closed guard gate 7 is used to enter and leave for wartime personnel.The top of side closed guard gate 7 is provided with the second pre-buried short tube 8, and second The first pre-buried short tube 5 on pre-buried short tube 8 and corresponding first airtight partition wall 3 is used cooperatively.
As shown in Figure 1, the first pre-buried short tube 5 and the second pre-buried short tube 8 are all made of steel plate material, and wall thickness is 2.0 ~3.0mm, it is ensured that enough support strengths and service life.First pre-buried short tube 5 and the second pre-buried short tube 8 are disposed as cylinder Shape, wartime air hose 4 therefrom extend through, in which: are connected between wartime air hose 4 and the first pre-buried short tube 5 by being continuously fully welded mode Connect or fixed by flanged joint, equally connected by being continuously fully welded mode between wartime air hose 4 and the second pre-buried short tube 8 or Person passes through flanged joint.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the first pre-buried short tube 5 and the second pre-buried short tube 8, the first pre-buried short tube 5 are fixed for convenience And first the first closed wing ring 10 is arranged between airtight partition wall 3, is provided between the second pre-buried short tube 8 and the second airtight partition wall 6 Second closed wing ring 11, the first closed wing ring 10 and the second closed wing ring 11 are arranged at the central location of corresponding pre-buried short tube, It is connect with the intracorporal reinforcing bar of wall, it is ensured that integral structure stability.In addition, each diffuser casing 2 avoids the first pre-buried short tube 5 of setting Side be provided with explosion wave prevention active door 9, the ventilation in wartime mouth in opening-wide state when explosion wave prevention active door 9 is generally arranged at air strike Outermost end, the safeguard that can be automatically closed rapidly when shock wave arrives.
The working process of this embodiment is as follows: it is logical that wartime blower of the wartime air hose 4 inside air-raid shelter is connected to gas defence Road 1, wartime air hose 4 are passed through by the second pre-buried short tube 8 being arranged above closed guard gate 7, and the two is by being fully welded mode or flange It is connected and fixed, wartime air hose 4 is again by being arranged in the first pre-buried short tube 5 of 3 top of the first airtight partition wall by having respectively entered The diffuser casing 2 of 1 two sides of gas defence channel is set, and wartime air hose can be calculated in such composite structure according to ventilation in wartime amount Size, increase the number of diffuser casing 2, while increaseing accordingly the number of wartime air hose 4, effectively reduce single wartime air hose 4 Height, the layer that under the precondition for meeting ventilation in wartime amount, can effectively control entire basement is high, reduces people's air defense The height space of mechanical floor in basement structure, solving can only be caused in the prior art by increasing excavation of foundation pit depth early period The increased problem of project cost.
The above description is only the embodiments of the present invention, and therefore it does not limit the scope of the patent of the utility model, all Equivalent structure or equivalent flow shift made based on the specification and figures of the utility model, is applied directly or indirectly in Other related technical areas are also included in the patent protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of air-raid shelter's clear height is by diffuser casing in limited time and gas defence combination of channels structure, it is characterised in that: including gas defence The two sides in channel (1), the gas defence channel (1) are respectively arranged with diffuser casing (2), each diffuser casing (2) and the gas defence It is provided between channel (1) the first airtight partition wall (3), is provided with above first airtight partition wall (3) for connecting wartime wind The first pre-buried short tube (5) of (4) is managed, the other two sides of the gas defence channel (1) are provided with the second airtight partition wall (6), and described the It is respectively arranged with closed guard gate (7), is provided with above closed guard gate (7) described in side and corresponding described on two airtight partition walls (6) The second pre-buried short tube (8) that one pre-buried short tube (5) is used cooperatively, first airtight partition wall (3) and second airtight partition wall (6) thickness is not less than 250mm, and the side that each diffuser casing (2) avoids being arranged the described first pre-buried short tube (5) is all provided with It is equipped with explosion wave prevention active door (9).
2. a kind of air-raid shelter's clear height according to claim 1 by limited time diffuser casing and gas defence combination of channels structure, It is characterized by: it is close to be provided with for fixing first between the first pre-buried short tube (5) and first airtight partition wall (3) It closes wing ring (10), it is close to be provided with for fixing second between the second pre-buried short tube (8) and second airtight partition wall (6) Close wing ring (11).
3. a kind of air-raid shelter's clear height according to claim 2 by limited time diffuser casing and gas defence combination of channels structure, It is characterized by: the first pre-buried short tube (5) and the second pre-buried short tube (8) are all made of steel plate material.
4. a kind of air-raid shelter's clear height according to claim 3 by limited time diffuser casing and gas defence combination of channels structure, It is characterized by: the wall thickness of the first pre-buried short tube (5) and the second pre-buried short tube (8) is 2.0~3.0mm.
5. a kind of air-raid shelter's clear height according to claim 1 by limited time diffuser casing and gas defence combination of channels structure, It is characterized by: the first pre-buried short tube (5) and the second pre-buried short tube (8) are disposed as cylindrical shape, the wartime wind Between pipe (4) and the first pre-buried short tube (5) flanged joint is connected or passed through by being continuously fully welded mode;The wartime wind Between pipe (4) and the second pre-buried short tube (8) flanged joint is connected or passed through by being continuously fully welded mode.
CN201821690695.0U 2018-10-18 2018-10-18 A kind of air-raid shelter's clear height is by diffuser casing in limited time and gas defence combination of channels structure Active CN209066984U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821690695.0U CN209066984U (en) 2018-10-18 2018-10-18 A kind of air-raid shelter's clear height is by diffuser casing in limited time and gas defence combination of channels structure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821690695.0U CN209066984U (en) 2018-10-18 2018-10-18 A kind of air-raid shelter's clear height is by diffuser casing in limited time and gas defence combination of channels structure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209066984U true CN209066984U (en) 2019-07-05

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201821690695.0U Active CN209066984U (en) 2018-10-18 2018-10-18 A kind of air-raid shelter's clear height is by diffuser casing in limited time and gas defence combination of channels structure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209066984U (en)

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Address after: No.200 Minzhi Road, Gusu District, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee after: Suzhou Tiandi design and Research Institute Co.,Ltd.

Address before: No.200 Minzhi Road, Gusu District, Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province

Patentee before: SUZHOU TIANDI CIVIL DEFENSE BUILDING DESIGN RESEARCH INSTITUTE Co.,Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder