CN208879897U - A kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site - Google Patents

A kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208879897U
CN208879897U CN201821494029.XU CN201821494029U CN208879897U CN 208879897 U CN208879897 U CN 208879897U CN 201821494029 U CN201821494029 U CN 201821494029U CN 208879897 U CN208879897 U CN 208879897U
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arm
automatic
stud
stud welding
welding device
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胡长建
邓显红
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Shanghai Shangshi Welding Equipment Co Ltd
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Shanghai Shangshi Welding Equipment Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of stud welding devices that can be used on building site, it includes automatic welding gun, pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function, column, automatic nail-feeding mechanism, self-turning mechanism and automatic hoisting mechanism, the column and automatic nail-feeding mechanism are arranged on the pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function, the self-turning mechanism includes A arm and B arm, the automatic hoisting mechanism includes elevating lever, one end of the A arm and column are rotatablely connected, the other end and B arm of the A arm are rotatablely connected, the other end of the B arm is slided up and down with elevating lever to be connect, and the automatic welding gun is fixedly connected on the bottom end of elevating lever by attachment base.Stud welding device provided by the utility model, it can not only realize walking in a horizontal state function, but also be able to achieve welding gun and do 360 degree of horizontal rotations and oscilaltion and automatic material taking, the live arc stud welding for the large-scale steel structure workpiece that can be used on building site, high degree of automation can significantly improve welding efficiency.

Description

A kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site
Technical field
The utility model is to be related to a kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site, belongs to stud welding apparatus technology neck Domain.
Background technique
Arc stud welding is the method being welded on metallic stud on workpiece, and electric arc stud welding therein is in stud to be welded and work Ignite electric arc between part, when stud is heated to suitable temperature with workpiece, under external force, stud is sent into the weldering on workpiece Connecing molten bath makes the method to form welding point, is mainly made of arc stud welding power supply and welding gun, is applicable to high-rise steel skeleton structure and builds It builds, industrial factory building, highway, railway, bridge, pylon, automobile, the energy, means of transportation building, airport, station, power station, pipe Road bracket, hoisting machinery and other steel constructions are welded and fixed, in building, bridge, shipbuilding, automobile manufacture, rail traffic etc. Industry is found broad application.
Since the welding of the large-scale steel structure on the building sites such as building, highway, railway, track, bridge needs It completes on-site, and is presently mainly to carry out manually welding one by one on-site by welder's hand torch, not only weld Low efficiency is connect, welding quality cannot be guaranteed, and human weld needs to bend over to operate, it is very big to the waist injury of welder, Lumbar muscle strain and osteoproliferation defect can be generated so for a long time, seriously affected the health of welder.Although existing skill In art about realize stud automatic welding technique report, but can not achieve the large-scale workpiece on building site (such as: bridge Beam, track, construction site etc.) live arc stud welding so that can't solve large-scale workpiece on building site at present can only manually bend over Carry out the bottleneck problem of arc stud welding.
Utility model content
In view of the above problems existing in the prior art, the purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of spiral shells that can be used on building site Column welder, can only be by the bottleneck problem for operation of manually bending over to solve the arc stud welding of large-scale workpiece on building site.
To achieve the above objectives, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions:
A kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site including automatic welding gun, the pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function, is stood Column, automatic nail-feeding mechanism, self-turning mechanism and automatic hoisting mechanism, the column and automatic nail-feeding mechanism, which are arranged at, to be had On the pedestal of walking in a horizontal state function, the self-turning mechanism includes A arm and B arm, and the automatic hoisting mechanism includes elevating lever, One end of the A arm and column are rotatablely connected, and the other end and B arm of the A arm are rotatablely connected, the other end and liter of the B arm Drop bar slides up and down connection, and the automatic welding gun is fixedly connected on the bottom end of elevating lever by attachment base.
A kind of embodiment, the automatic welding gun include ceramic ring gripping body, and the ceramic ring gripping body, which includes two, leads Column and two guide sleeves, every guide post are threaded through respectively in a guide sleeve, and two guide sleeves are fixedly connected on gun barrel, in two guide posts Lower end be installed with ceramic ring collet fixing seat, be arranged with bullet respectively on two guide posts between guide sleeve and ceramic ring collet fixing seat Spring, is equipped with the perforation passed through for stud collet in the ceramic ring collet fixing seat, and ceramic ring collet is installed in the porcelain The bottom of ring collet fixing seat and the underface for being located at the perforation.
A kind of preferred embodiment is arranged with up stroke regulating part on two guide posts being located above guide sleeve, in lower spring end Down stroke regulating part is arranged on two guide posts between ceramic ring collet fixing seat.
A kind of preferred embodiment, the automatic welding gun are used with attachment base and are threadedly coupled.
A kind of embodiment, the pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function are by horizonal base plate and to be arranged in horizonal base plate Several universal ball wheels of lower section and 2 groups of steel-wire rope traction mechanisms being arranged in above horizonal base plate composition, the wirerope are led Drawing mechanism includes wirerope and electric wire rope capstan winch and alignment sensor.
Another embodiment, the pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function are that by chassis and chassis two sides are arranged in Creeper undercarriage composition.
Another embodiment, the pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function are by arched floor and to be arranged at arch bottom Several universal ball wheels below plate both wings and the steel-wire rope traction mechanism being arranged in above arched floor both wings composition, the steel Cord traction mechanism includes wirerope and electric wire rope capstan winch and alignment sensor.
A kind of preferred embodiment is additionally provided with hand push frame on the pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function.
A kind of embodiment, the automatic nail-feeding mechanism include feed collet and sub-material turntable, and the feed collet is by two cunnings Rail is formed by connecting by least one U-shaped connector, and the front of feed collet discharge port, and sub-material turntable is arranged in the sub-material turntable Outer peripheral surface and feed collet discharge port between be equipped with gap;At least one opening court is symmetrically offered in the circumference of the sub-material turntable Outer U-shaped hopper is equipped with circular arc baffle in the outer peripheral surface of the sub-material turntable, and one end of the circular arc baffle is located at filling position Inside, the other end of the circular arc baffle is located at the outside of welding gun feeding position;And the circular arc baffle and a rectilinear baffle plates It is fixedly connected, the rectilinear baffle plates are fixedly connected with the support column of installation feed collet and the opening of the opening of feed collet and U-shaped hopper It is both needed to guarantee that stud is not fallen out.
A kind of preferred embodiment, the size in the gap are 1~5 millimeter.
A kind of embodiment, rectilinear baffle plates are inclined-plane with the end face that circular arc baffle is mutually fixedly connected.
A kind of preferred embodiment, the circular arc baffle and sub-material turntable concentric.
A kind of preferred embodiment forms 5~60 degree of mounted angles between the feed collet and horizontal plane.
Further preferred scheme forms 10~30 degree of mounted angles between the feed collet and horizontal plane.
A kind of preferred embodiment, the U-shaped connector close to discharge port are connected with the output shaft of a vibrating motor.
Further preferred scheme, the vibrating motor are eccentric vibrating motor.
A kind of preferred embodiment, the circumference of the sub-material turntable symmetrically offer 3 U-shaped hoppers.
The central axis of a kind of preferred embodiment, the sub-material turntable is spin motor shaft, and the rotating electric machine, which is fixed on, to be located at In fixed column below sub-material turntable.
A kind of embodiment, the self-turning mechanism further include A arm rotating electric machine and B arm rotating electric machine, the A arm rotation Rotating motor is fixed on column, and bearing A, the A arm rotating electric machine and bearing A are additionally provided on the column and is passed by gear set Dynamic connection, one end of the A arm are fixedly connected with bearing A, and the other end of the A arm is connect with one end of B arm by shaft, institute Shaft is stated to be fixedly connected with the output shaft of B arm rotating electric machine.
A kind of embodiment, the automatic hoisting mechanism further include lifting motor, and straight line tooth is equipped on the elevating lever Item is installed with the gear being meshed with the linear gear rack on the output shaft of lifting motor, is additionally provided on the elevating lever The other end of bearing B, B arm is fixedly connected with bearing B, and the lifting motor is fixed on B arm.
A kind of preferred embodiment, the stud welding device further include electric controller, and the electric controller is fixed on On pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function.
Compared to the prior art, the utility model has following advantageous effects:
Stud welding device provided by the utility model can not only realize walking in a horizontal state function, but also be able to achieve welding gun 360 degree of horizontal rotations and oscilaltion and automatic material taking, thus stud welding device described in the utility model are done, can be used for building It builds, the live arc stud welding of large-scale steel structure workpiece on the building sites such as bridge, track, not only high degree of automation, but also welds Connect it is high-efficient, can the substantially reduced waist injury to welder, and the labor intensity of welder can be made to be significantly reduced, Therefore, the utility model compared with the existing technology, has marked improvement and industrial utility value.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation that can be used for the stud welding device on building site that the utility model embodiment 1 provides Figure;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of automatic welding gun provided by the utility model embodiment 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the pedestal provided by the utility model embodiment 1 with walking in a horizontal state function;
Fig. 4 is the schematic perspective view of automatic nail-feeding mechanism provided by the utility model embodiment 1;
Fig. 5 is the overlooking structure diagram of automatic nail-feeding mechanism shown in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 and Fig. 7 is schematic diagram of the automatic nail-feeding mechanism shown in Fig. 4 in working condition;
Fig. 8 is a kind of structural representation that can be used for the stud welding device on building site that the utility model embodiment 2 provides Figure;
Fig. 9 is the schematic diagram of the 1st kind of application of stud welding device provided by the utility model embodiment 2;
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of the 2nd kind of application of stud welding device provided by the utility model embodiment 2;
Figure 11 is the schematic diagram of the 3rd kind of application of stud welding device provided by the utility model embodiment 2;
Figure 12 is a kind of structural representation that can be used for the stud welding device on building site that the utility model embodiment 3 provides Figure;
Figure 13 is a kind of structural representation that can be used for the stud welding device on building site that the utility model embodiment 4 provides Figure;
Figure 14 is the structural schematic diagram of the pedestal provided by the utility model embodiment 4 with walking in a horizontal state function;
Figure 15 is a kind of schematic diagram of application of stud welding device provided by the utility model embodiment 4.
Figure label is schematically as follows:
1, automatic welding gun;11, gun barrel;12, main shaft;13, stud collet;14, welding connector;15, ceramic ring clamps Mechanism;151, guide post;152, guide sleeve;153, ceramic ring collet fixing seat;1531, it perforates;154, spring;155, ceramic ring collet; 156, up stroke regulating part;1561, sliding sleeve;1562, screw;157, down stroke regulating part;1571, sliding sleeve;1572, screw;2, Pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function;21, horizonal base plate;22, universal ball wheel;23, steel-wire rope traction mechanism;231, wirerope; 2311, fixed hook;232, electric wire rope capstan winch;233, it is straightened sensor;24, chassis;25;Creeper undercarriage;26, arch Bottom plate;27, universal ball wheel;28, steel-wire rope traction mechanism;281, wirerope;2811, fixed hook;282, electric wire rope capstan winch; 283, it is straightened sensor;3, column;4, automatic nail-feeding mechanism;41, feed collet;411, sliding rail;412, U-shaped connector;413, feed collet Discharge port;414, the support column of feed collet is installed;42, sub-material turntable;421, the outer peripheral surface of sub-material turntable;422, U-shaped hopper; 422a, the U-shaped hopper as splicing;422b, the U-shaped hopper as welding gun feeding;422c, the U-shaped hopper as turnover;43, Gap;44, circular arc baffle;45, rectilinear baffle plates;451, inclined-plane;46, eccentric vibrating motor;47, spin motor shaft;48, fixed Column;5, self-turning mechanism;51, A arm;52, B arm;53, A arm rotating electric machine;54, B arm rotating electric machine;55, bearing A;56, tooth Wheel group;561, gear wheel;562, pinion gear;57, shaft;6, automatic hoisting mechanism;61, elevating lever;62, lifting motor;63, straight Line rack gear;64, gear;65, bearing B;7, attachment base;8, hand push frame;9, electric controller;10, workpiece;101, stud;102, Ceramic ring.
Specific embodiment
The technical solution of the utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and examples.
Embodiment 1
It please refers to shown in Fig. 1: a kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site provided in this embodiment, including automatic welding Rifle 1, the pedestal 2 with walking in a horizontal state function, column 3, automatic nail-feeding mechanism 4, self-turning mechanism 5 and automatic hoisting mechanism 6, The column 3 and automatic nail-feeding mechanism 4 are arranged on the pedestal 2 with walking in a horizontal state function;The self-turning mechanism 5 wraps A arm 51 and B arm 52 are included, the automatic hoisting mechanism 6 includes elevating lever 61, and one end of the A arm 51 and column 3 are rotatablely connected, The other end and B arm 52 of the A arm 51 are rotatablely connected, and the other end of the B arm 52 is slided up and down with elevating lever 61 to be connect, and institute The bottom end that automatic welding gun 1 is fixedly connected on elevating lever 61 by attachment base 7 is stated, in the pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function Hand push frame 8 is additionally provided on 2.
Please refer to shown in Fig. 2: the automatic welding gun 1 connects including gun barrel 11, main shaft 12, stud collet 13, welding cable First 14 and ceramic ring gripping body 15, the ceramic ring gripping body 15 includes two guide posts 151 and two guide sleeves 152, every guide post 151 are threaded through respectively in a guide sleeve 152, and two guide sleeves 152 are fixedly connected on gun barrel 11, in the lower end of two guide posts 151 It is installed with ceramic ring collet fixing seat 153, is arranged respectively on two guide posts between guide sleeve 152 and ceramic ring collet fixing seat 153 There is spring 154, the perforation 1531 passed through for stud collet 13, ceramic ring are equipped in the ceramic ring collet fixing seat 153 Collet 155 is installed in the bottom of the ceramic ring collet fixing seat 153 and is located at the underface of the perforation 1531, leads being located at Be arranged with up stroke regulating part 156 on two guide posts of 152 top of set, 154 lower end of spring and ceramic ring collet fixing seat 153 it Between two guide posts on be arranged with down stroke regulating part 157, the up stroke regulating part 156 and down stroke regulating part 157 by Sliding sleeve 1561/1571 and the screw 1562/1572 that sliding sleeve side is arranged in are constituted, by adjusting sliding sleeve 1561/1571 in guide post Position on 151 is, it can be achieved that stroke adjustment of the spring 154 on guide post 151, to guarantee that ceramic ring collet 155 can be clamped smoothly Ceramic ring.Utility model patent of the working principle of automatic welding gun 1 with the applicant's earlier application described in the present embodiment Described in ZL201610195248.7, certainly, automatic welding gun 1 described in the utility model can also use utility model patent Automatic welding gun structure provided in ZL201610195248.7.
Please refer to shown in Fig. 3: the pedestal 2 with walking in a horizontal state function is by horizonal base plate 21 and to be arranged in level Several universal ball wheels 22 of 21 lower section of bottom plate and 2 groups of steel-wire rope traction mechanisms 23 composition that 21 top of horizonal base plate is set, institute The steel-wire rope traction mechanism 23 stated includes wirerope 231 and electric wire rope capstan winch 232 and alignment sensor 233, the steel wire The front end of rope 231 is equipped with fixed hook 2311;By keeping fixed hook 2311 fixed, steel is then wound by electric wire rope capstan winch 232 Cord 231 unreels wirerope 231, so as to drive horizonal base plate 21 to move ahead or retreat walking.
Incorporated by reference to shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5: the automatic nail-feeding mechanism 4 includes feed collet 41 and sub-material turntable 42, the feed collet 41 be to be formed by connecting by two sliding rails 411 by least one (show 2 in figure, but be not limited to 2) U-shaped connector 412, The front of feed collet discharge port 413, and the outer peripheral surface 421 of sub-material turntable and feed collet discharge port 413 is arranged in the sub-material turntable 42 Between be equipped with gap 43 (gap 43 should can prevent stud to be caught in the rotation in this gap 43 and influencing sub-material turntable 42, It can prevent the stud at feed collet discharge port 413 from falling again, therefore the size in the gap 43 is preferable with 1~5 millimeter);Institute State sub-material turntable 42 circumference symmetrically offer at least one opening outwardly U-shaped hopper 422 (present embodiment illustrates 3, One of them is used as the U-shaped hopper 422a of splicing, and one is used as the U-shaped hopper 422b of welding gun feeding, and one is used as the U-shaped of turnover Hopper 422c, but 3 are not limited to, only 3 are preferred plan), circular arc baffle is equipped in the outer peripheral surface 421 of the sub-material turntable 44, one end of the circular arc baffle 44 is located at the inside of filling position, and the other end of the circular arc baffle 44 is located at welding gun feeding The outside of position;And the circular arc baffle 44 is fixedly connected with a rectilinear baffle plates 45, the rectilinear baffle plates 45 and installation feed collet Support column 414 is fixedly connected and the opening of feed collet 41 and the opening of U-shaped hopper 422 are both needed to guarantee that stud is not fallen out.
As a preferred solution:
The circular arc baffle 44 and 42 concentric of sub-material turntable not only improve the outer of circular arc baffle 44 and sub-material turntable in this way Circumferential surface 421 forms fitting encirclement relationship, and does not influence the rotation of sub-material turntable 42.
The end face that rectilinear baffle plates 45 are fixedly connected with 44 phase of circular arc baffle is inclined-plane 451, is conducive to rectilinear baffle plates 45 in this way Maximum support power is formed to circular arc baffle 44.
5~60 degree of mounted angles (being best with 10~30 degree of mounted angles) are formed between the feed collet 41 and horizontal plane, Such mounted angle can guarantee that the stud on feed collet 41 will not be blocked in feed collet discharge port 413.
If the U-shaped connector 412 close to feed collet discharge port 413 is made to be connected with the output shaft of an eccentric vibrating motor 46 When, feed collet 41 can be made to occur to vibrate slightly under the action of eccentric vibrating motor 46, can act on by eccentric vibrating makes feed collet 41 On stud 101 glide and be conducive to the U as splicing that the stud positioned at feed collet discharge port 413 drops on sub-material turntable 42 In moulding mixture slot 422a.
The central axis of the sub-material turntable 42 is spin motor shaft 47, and the rotating electric machine is fixed on positioned at sub-material turntable 42 It is the rotation that sub-material turntable 42 is realized by the driving of rotating electric machine in the fixed column 48 of lower section.
The working principle of feeding mechanism described in the utility model suitable for automatic welding gun is following, and (the present embodiment is to have For the T-type stud 101 of ceramic ring 102) (incorporated by reference to shown in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7):
Firstly, passing through institute in artificial or utility model patent ZL201620260551.6 using the applicant's earlier application The device for the realization T-type stud Automatic-feeding stated, the T-type stud 101 for being cased with ceramic ring 102 is put into feed collet 41, due to feed collet There are mounted angle (5~60 degree, be best with 10~30 degree) between 41 and horizontal plane, therefore, be cased with porcelain on feed collet 41 The T-type stud 101 of ring 102 has falling tendency;In addition, because being set between the outer peripheral surface 421 and feed collet discharge port 413 of sub-material turntable There is gap 43, the gap 43 can not only prevent stud to be caught in the rotation in this gap 43 and influencing sub-material turntable 42, but also can prevent Stud at feed collet discharge port 413 falls, therefore, if the position of sub-material turntable 42 is exactly the U-shaped hopper 422a for being used as splicing Positioned at filling position, then the opening in communication of the opening of U-shaped hopper 422 and feed collet discharge port 413 at this time, is located at feed collet discharge port The T-type stud 101 for being cased with ceramic ring 102 of 413 positions will under self gravitation effect (can also simultaneously in eccentric vibrating motor 46 Shake effect under) fall to be located at filling position U-shaped hopper 422a in, to be cased under the limit of U-shaped hopper 422a The T-type stud 101 of ceramic ring 102 stops gliding;With the rotation counterclockwise of sub-material turntable 42, U-shaped hopper 422a is by filling position To welding gun feeding position rotate, due to the outer peripheral surface 421 in sub-material turntable be equipped with circular arc baffle 44, the one of the circular arc baffle 44 End is located at the inside of filling position, and the other end of the circular arc baffle 44 is located at the outside of welding gun feeding position, therefore, U-shaped material As soon as slot 422a leaves filling position, the enclosing effect of circular arc baffle 44 will receive, to can avoid being located in U-shaped hopper 422a The T-type stud 101 for being cased with ceramic ring 102 be thrown out of, and can guarantee the T-type for being cased with ceramic ring 102 in the U-shaped hopper 422a Stud 101 is smoothly sent to welding gun feeding position;Take the T-type spiral shell for being cased with ceramic ring 102 for being sent to welding gun feeding position away in welding gun When column 101, as the continuation of sub-material turntable 42 rotates counterclockwise, the next T-type for being cased with ceramic ring 102 for staying in filling position is waited Stud 101 will leave filling position to the movement of welding gun feeding position, and the U-shaped hopper 422c for being used as turnover can be to filling position Mobile, the U-shaped hopper 422b positioned at welding gun feeding position will turn to turnover position;Moreover, in the U-shaped hopper for being used as turnover Before 422c reaches filling position, feed collet discharge port 413 will receive the enclosing of the outer peripheral surface 421 of sub-material turntable, to can avoid The T-type stud 101 that is cased with ceramic ring 102 positioned at 413 position of feed collet discharge port is fallen.
Referring again to shown in Fig. 1:
The self-turning mechanism 5 further includes A arm rotating electric machine 53 and B arm rotating electric machine 54, the A arm rotating electric machine 53 It is fixed on column 3, bearing A 55 is additionally provided on the column 3, the A arm rotating electric machine 53 and bearing A 55 passes through gear 56 transmission connection of group (the present embodiment concrete methods of realizing are as follows: make to constitute the gear wheel 561 of gear set 56 and the shell of bearing A 55 It is fixedly connected, is fixedly connected with the pinion gear 562 for constituting gear set 56 with the output shaft of A arm rotating electric machine 53), the A arm 51 One end be fixedly connected with bearing A 55, the other end of the A arm 51 is connect with one end of B arm 52 by shaft 57, described turn Axis 57 is fixedly connected with the output shaft of B arm rotating electric machine 54;Under the driving of A arm rotating electric machine 53, gear set 56 can be made to occur Rotation, so that bearing A 55 be made to rotate, and then can drive A arm 51 to horizontally rotate;In addition, in B arm rotating electric machine 54 Driving under, shaft 57 can be made to rotate, horizontally rotated so as to make A arm 51 and/or B arm 52 can turn around axis 57 and do.
The automatic hoisting mechanism 6 further includes lifting motor 62, and linear gear rack 63 is equipped on the elevating lever 61, is being risen It drops and is installed with the gear 64 being meshed with the linear gear rack 63 on the output shaft of motor 62,61 are additionally provided on the elevating lever The other end of bearing B 65, B arm 52 is fixedly connected with the shell of bearing B 65, and the lifting motor 62 is fixed on B arm 52. Under the driving of lifting motor 62, gear 64 can be made to move in a straight line on linear gear rack 63, so that elevating lever 61 be made to go up and down Movement, and then the automatic welding gun 1 for being connected to 61 lower end of elevating lever can be driven to rise or fall movement.
Preferably, the automatic welding gun 1 is used with attachment base 7 and is threadedly coupled, to replace automatic welding gun 1.
Embodiment 2
It please refers to shown in Fig. 8, a kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site provided in this embodiment, with embodiment 1 The difference is that only: the stud welding device further includes electric controller 9, and the electric controller 9 is fixed on tool Have on the pedestal 2 of walking in a horizontal state function, and the electric controller 9 is fixedly connected with hand push frame 8;In addition, 51 He of A arm B arm 52 is in square tube type (certainly can also be cylindrical, do not do particular determination herein).
Please refer to shown in Fig. 9: stud welding device provided by the utility model is first by manually pushing at work Head end station attachment of the hand push frame 8 to workpiece 10 to be welded, 2 groups of steel-wire rope traction mechanisms being then arranged on horizonal base plate 21 Wirerope 231 in 23 is stretched to the end of workpiece 10 to be welded, and is separately fixed at the fixed hook 2311 of two wirerope 231 In the spud pile (not shown) of 10 end side of workpiece to be welded;Then, eccentric vibrating motor is started by electric controller 9 46, make feed collet 41 that slight jitter occur by the wobbler action of eccentric vibrating motor 46, causes positioned at feed collet discharge port position Stud smoothly drops into U-shaped hopper;Eccentric vibrating motor 46 is closed by electric controller 9 again, starting rotating electric machine makes point Material turntable 42 occurs to rotate counterclockwise, and stud is caused to be transported to welding gun feeding position;Rotation is closed by electric controller 9 again Motor, starting A arm rotating electric machine 53 and B arm rotating electric machine 54 make automatic welding gun 1 by driving the rotation of A arm 51 and B arm 52 Positioned at the top of material mouth;A arm rotating electric machine 53 and B arm rotating electric machine 54, starting lifting motor are closed by electric controller 9 again 62, by driving the lifting of elevating lever 61, automatic welding gun 1 is made to complete feeding;Lifting motor is closed by electric controller 9 again 62, start A arm rotating electric machine 53 and B arm rotating electric machine 54, automatic welding gun 1 is made to be located at the top of station to be welded, then by again Secondary starting lifting motor 62, drops to automatic welding gun 1 on station to be welded, then starts stud welding by electric controller 9 Power supply carries out arc stud welding;After completing arc stud welding, then passes through electric controller 9 and closes stud welding power supply, starting lifting motor 62, So that lift-off on automatic welding gun 1 is opened station to be welded, then repeats the above steps and carry out the arc stud welding of next stud.The stud The movement of welder is to wind wirerope 231 by electric wire rope capstan winch 232, to drive moving ahead for horizonal base plate 21.
Through testing, it is whole to arc stud welding that the feeding of a stud is completed using stud welding device provided by the utility model A process very quickly (about several seconds one), therefore is remarkably improved using stud welding device described in the utility model Welding efficiency, high degree of automation.
It is to illustrate that stud welding device described in the utility model can be directly in ripple formed steel construction workpiece 10 shown in Figure 10 Live stud welding operation is realized in upper walking;It is to illustrate that stud welding device described in the utility model can directly exist shown in Figure 11 Live stud welding operation is realized in walking on steel bar truss floor support plate workpiece 10.
Embodiment 3
It please refers to shown in Figure 12, a kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site provided in this embodiment, with embodiment 2 The difference is that only: the pedestal 2 with walking in a horizontal state function is by chassis 24 and the shoe that chassis two sides are arranged in Band walking mechanism 25 forms.Due to creeper undercarriage 25 can obstacle detouring walking, can be used on severe building site.
Embodiment 4
It please refers to shown in Figure 13 and Figure 14, a kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site provided in this embodiment, with Embodiment 2 the difference is that only: the pedestal 2 with walking in a horizontal state function is being bent by arched floor 26 and setting Several universal ball wheels 27 below shape bottom plate both wings and the steel-wire rope traction mechanism 28 being arranged in above arched floor both wings form, The steel-wire rope traction mechanism 28 includes wirerope 281 and electric wire rope capstan winch 282 and alignment sensor 283, the steel The front end of cord 281 is equipped with fixed hook 2811, by keeping fixed hook 2811 fixed, is then wound by electric wire rope capstan winch 282 Wirerope 281 unreels wirerope 281, so as to drive arched floor 26 to move ahead or retreat walking.
It please refers to shown in Figure 15, as long as the sagitta of arched floor 26 is made to be higher than the stud height welded, so that it may make described Stud welding device can be carried out welding in the front of walking and side and operate, and stud welding device described in embodiment 1-3 It can only be subjected in the side of walking.
In summary as it can be seen that stud welding device provided by the utility model, can not only realize walking in a horizontal state function, and And it is able to achieve welding gun and does 360 degree of horizontal rotations and oscilaltion and automatic material taking, thus stud welding described in the utility model Device can be used for building, the live arc stud welding of large-scale steel structure workpiece on the building sites such as bridge, track, not only automate Degree is high, and welding efficiency is high, can the substantially reduced waist injury to welder, and the labor intensity of welder can be made It is significantly reduced, therefore, the utility model compared with the existing technology, has marked improvement and industrial utility value.
It is last it is necessarily pointed out that: the foregoing is merely the preferable specific embodiments of the utility model, but this The protection scope of utility model is not limited thereto, and anyone skilled in the art discloses in the utility model In technical scope, any changes or substitutions that can be easily thought of, should be covered within the scope of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site, it is characterised in that: including automatic welding gun, have the function of walking in a horizontal state Pedestal, column, automatic nail-feeding mechanism, self-turning mechanism and automatic hoisting mechanism, the column and automatic nail-feeding mechanism are equal It is arranged on the pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function, the self-turning mechanism includes A arm and B arm, the automatic hoisting mechanism Including elevating lever, one end of the A arm and column are rotatablely connected, and the other end and B arm of the A arm are rotatablely connected, the B arm The other end is slided up and down with elevating lever and is connect, and the automatic welding gun is fixedly connected on the bottom end of elevating lever by attachment base.
2. stud welding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the automatic welding gun includes ceramic ring catching device Structure, the ceramic ring gripping body include two guide posts and two guide sleeves, and every guide post is threaded through respectively in a guide sleeve, and two are led Set is fixedly connected on gun barrel, is installed with ceramic ring collet fixing seat in the lower end of two guide posts, is fixed in guide sleeve and ceramic ring collet It is arranged with spring respectively on two guide posts between seat, is equipped in the ceramic ring collet fixing seat and is smoothly worn for stud collet The perforation crossed, ceramic ring collet are installed in the bottom of the ceramic ring collet fixing seat and are located at the underface of the perforation;It is being located at It is arranged with up stroke regulating part on two guide posts above guide sleeve, two between lower spring end and ceramic ring collet fixing seat lead Down stroke regulating part is arranged on column.
3. stud welding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function It is by horizonal base plate and several universal ball wheels being arranged in below horizonal base plate and 2 groups of wirerope being arranged in above horizonal base plate Traction mechanism composition, the steel-wire rope traction mechanism include wirerope and electric wire rope capstan winch and alignment sensor;Alternatively, The pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function is made of chassis with the creeper undercarriage that chassis two sides are arranged in;Alternatively, The pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function is by arched floor and several multi-directional balls being arranged in below arched floor both wings The steel-wire rope traction mechanism composition taken turns and be arranged in above arched floor both wings, the steel-wire rope traction mechanism includes wirerope With electric wire rope capstan winch and alignment sensor.
4. stud welding device according to claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that: described with walking in a horizontal state function Hand push frame is additionally provided on pedestal.
5. stud welding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the automatic nail-feeding mechanism include feed collet and Sub-material turntable, the feed collet are to be formed by connecting by two sliding rails by least one U-shaped connector, and the sub-material turntable setting exists The front of feed collet discharge port, and gap is equipped between the outer peripheral surface of sub-material turntable and feed collet discharge port;In the sub-material turntable Circumference symmetrically offers the U-shaped hopper of at least one opening outwardly, is equipped with circular arc baffle, institute in the outer peripheral surface of the sub-material turntable The one end for stating circular arc baffle is located at the inside of filling position, and the other end of the circular arc baffle is located at the outer of welding gun feeding position Side;And the circular arc baffle is fixedly connected with a rectilinear baffle plates, the rectilinear baffle plates are fixedly connected with the support column of installation feed collet, And the opening of feed collet and the opening of U-shaped hopper are both needed to guarantee that stud is not fallen out.
6. stud welding device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: between the feed collet and horizontal plane formed 5~ 60 degree of mounted angles, also, be connected close to the U-shaped connector of discharge port with the output shaft of a vibrating motor.
7. stud welding device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the circumference of the sub-material turntable symmetrically offers 3 U-shaped hoppers, and the central axis of the sub-material turntable is spin motor shaft, the rotating electric machine is fixed on positioned at sub-material turntable In the fixed column of lower section.
8. stud welding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the self-turning mechanism further includes the rotation of A arm Rotating motor and B arm rotating electric machine, the A arm rotating electric machine are fixed on column, and bearing A, the A are additionally provided on the column Arm rotating electric machine and bearing A are fixedly connected by gear set transmission connection, one end of the A arm with bearing A, the A arm it is another One end is connect with one end of B arm by shaft, and the shaft is fixedly connected with the output shaft of B arm rotating electric machine.
9. stud welding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the automatic hoisting mechanism further includes lifting electricity Machine is equipped with linear gear rack on the elevating lever, is installed on the output shaft of lifting motor and is meshed with the linear gear rack Gear, bearing B is additionally provided on the elevating lever, the other end of B arm is fixedly connected with bearing B, and the lifting motor is solid It is scheduled on B arm.
10. stud welding device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the stud welding device further includes electricity Airgun controller, the electric controller are fixed on the pedestal with walking in a horizontal state function.
CN201821494029.XU 2018-09-13 2018-09-13 A kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site Active CN208879897U (en)

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CN201821494029.XU CN208879897U (en) 2018-09-13 2018-09-13 A kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109014516A (en) * 2018-09-13 2018-12-18 上海上势焊接设备有限公司 A kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109014516A (en) * 2018-09-13 2018-12-18 上海上势焊接设备有限公司 A kind of stud welding device that can be used on building site
CN109014516B (en) * 2018-09-13 2024-01-23 上海上势焊接设备有限公司 Stud welding device capable of being used on construction site

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