CN202097488U - Automatic welding operation machine for elliptical seams - Google Patents

Automatic welding operation machine for elliptical seams Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202097488U
CN202097488U CN 201120166587 CN201120166587U CN202097488U CN 202097488 U CN202097488 U CN 202097488U CN 201120166587 CN201120166587 CN 201120166587 CN 201120166587 U CN201120166587 U CN 201120166587U CN 202097488 U CN202097488 U CN 202097488U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
workpiece
welding
slide block
work support
frame
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN 201120166587
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李翠光
陈俊强
姚茂良
李卫良
朱克进
王栋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Huning Steel Mechanism Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiangsu Huning Steel Mechanism Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN 201120166587 priority Critical patent/CN202097488U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202097488U publication Critical patent/CN202097488U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses an automatic welding operation machine for elliptical seams, which comprises a machine frame, an electrical control box, a roller frame, a workpiece support and a clamping mechanism used for clamping a workpiece and the workpiece support; a transverse linear guide rail is arranged on the machine frame; a first slide block is mounted on the transverse linear guide rail; a lengthways linear guide rail is mounted on the first slide block; a second slide block is mounted on the lengthways linear guide rail; a support bracket is arranged on the second slide block; a welding head and an automatic adjusting device are arranged on the support bracket; a welding gun is mounted on the welding head; the workpiece support is mounted on the roller frame; an adjustable positioning block is arranged on the workpiece support; and during welding, the automatic adjusting device is contacted with a workpiece, and the distance between the bottom end of the welding gun and the workpiece remains the same. The automatic welding operation machine has a reasonable structure; and after the automatic welding operation machine is used, the cost can be saved, the quality of welding seams can be improved, the working rate can be improved, the work intensity can be reduced, a welding seam which is formed has a beautiful appearance, and all sizes of a welding seam can meet the requirements of steel structure acceptance specifications.

Description

The automatic manipulator of oval seam
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of welder, is the automatic manipulator of a kind of oval seam specifically.
Background technology
China's output of steel increases substantially, and adopts steel building to create advantageous conditions for industry, and steel construction is all adopted at skyscraper, bridge, stadiums, station or the like.The high efficiency of submerged-arc welding, high-quality make the manufacturing of steel construction adopt the submerged-arc welding solder technology in a large number.
Submerged-arc welding is a kind of welding method that electric arc burns under the solder flux protective layer and welds.Electric arc is covered and air insulated by solder flux, does not have the arc light radiation during welding, alleviates the injury to the operator.Weld seam is effectively protected under the metallurgy action of solder flux when burning, makes weld seam not produce defectives such as pore, slag inclusion, and weldquality is higher.Automatic wire feeding mechanism is housed on the submerged arc welding machine, can makes appearance of weld attractive in appearance, production efficiency improves.
Existing automatic manipulator cooperates special-purpose turning rolls quite ripe to the solder technology of circular cylinder body.But generally all adopt the method for manual welding to accomplish to the welding of oval cylindrical shell, efficient is lower, and surface forming is not attractive in appearance, and weldquality is relatively poor.
Utilize conventional automatic manipulator and turning rolls thereof can't realize the automatic welding of circumferential seams of oval cylindrical shell is connect.
The utility model content
Goal of the invention: in order to overcome the deficiency of prior art, the purpose of the utility model has been to provide a kind of rational in infrastructure, automatic manipulator of oval seam that weldquality is high.
Technical scheme: for realizing above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: the automatic manipulator of a kind of oval seam comprises frame, electric appliance control box, turning rolls, work support and clamp mechanism; On frame, be provided with horizontal line slideway; Laterally on the line slideway first slide block is being installed; Vertical line slideway is installed on first slide block,, on second slide block, is provided with supporting bracket vertically on the line slideway second slide block being installed; On supporting bracket, be provided with welding head and self-checking device, be equipped with on welding head that the distance of its bottom and workpiece remains constant welding gun in the welding work pieces process; Work support is installed on the turning rolls, on work support, is provided with the adjustable locating piece that is used for regulating the location of workpiece, and workpiece and work support are fixed through clamp mechanism; Self-checking device contacts with workpiece during welding, and said electric appliance control box links to each other with frame, welding head, turning rolls.
The operation principle of the utility model is: change work support according to the shape and size of workpiece earlier; Adjustable locating piece with being fixed on the work support is realized accurately location; Utilize the clamp mechanism clamping work pieces then; And the center of gravity of workpiece is overlapped with the center of gravity of work support, realize the steady revolution of workpiece; Utilize the relative position of self-checking device butt welded seam to regulate again, utilize horizontal linear motion guide and vertical linear motion guide to automatically adjust respectively about, position up and down, make welding gun be in the optimum position of welding; When turning rolls during according to predetermined speed revolution, drive workpiece simultaneously and do corresponding gyration, with the self-checking device of workpiece contact can with welding gun about carrying out under the promotion of workpiece, moving up and down.It is constant that the distance of welding gun and workpiece is remained, thereby realize the welding to oval workpiece.
For easy for installation, on said frame, be provided with jockey, said horizontal line slideway is connected with frame through jockey.
In order to make welding gun be in the optimum position of welding, on said welding head, be provided with the micromatic setting of accurate adjusting welding gun bottom and workpiece distance.
In order workpiece and work support to be fixed together firmly, said clamp mechanism has 6 and be evenly distributed on the work support.
On said turning rolls, be equipped with and be used for the supporting workpiece support and drive the roller that work support rotates.
Said self-checking device comprises connecting rod, adjustable plate and is located at the universal wheel on the adjustable plate lower surface, and an end of said connecting rod is fixed on the supporting bracket, the other end links to each other with adjustable plate, and said universal wheel contacts with workpiece.
Beneficial effect: compared with prior art, the utility model is rational in infrastructure, can practice thrift cost behind use the utility model; Guarantee weldquality, improve work rate, reduce labour intensity; The weld appearance moulding is attractive in appearance, and each size of weld seam all reaches the requirement of steel construction acceptance specification; The internal soundness that can also make the oval pipe weld seam is through 100% ultrasonic examination check; First-time qualification rate reaches 100%; In the welding process with the inspection of welding quality inspection test plate (panel), mechanical properties test etc. all qualified, show that this submerged-arc welding new technology that is adopted is rationally reliable.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the utility model is done explanation further.
As shown in Figure 1, the automatic manipulator of a kind of oval seam comprises frame 1, electric appliance control box 2, turning rolls 11, work support 13, horizontal line slideway 4, vertical line slideway 6, clamp mechanism 10; Jockey 5 is installed on frame 1, horizontal line slideway 4 is linked together with frame 1 through jockey 5; Laterally on the line slideway 4 first slide block is being installed, this first slide block can be in move left and right on the horizontal line slideway 4; Vertically line slideway 6 is installed on first slide block; Vertically on the line slideway 6 second slide block is being installed; On second slide block, be provided with supporting bracket 8; On supporting bracket 8, be provided with welding head 7 and self-checking device, wherein self-checking device comprises connecting rod 8, adjustable plate 15 and is located at the universal wheel 16 on adjustable plate 15 lower surfaces; One end of connecting rod 8 is fixed on the supporting bracket 8, the other end links to each other with adjustable plate 15; Universal wheel 16 remains with workpiece 3 and contacts in the welding process; Welding gun 14 and the micromatic setting of accurately regulating welding gun 14 bottoms and workpiece 3 distances are installed on welding head 7; In welding work pieces 3 processes, earlier through making the bottom of welding gun 14 remain unchanged with the distance of workpiece 3 all the time through the accurate adjustment of micromatic setting again after the coarse adjustment of self-checking device; Work support 13 is installed on the turning rolls 11; On work support 13, be provided with adjustable locating piece 12; Adjustable locating piece 12 is used for regulating workpiece 3 positions, and clamp mechanism 10 is used for clamping work pieces 3 with work support 13 and the center of gravity of workpiece 3 is overlapped with the center of gravity of work support 13; Self-checking device contacts with workpiece 3 during welding; Said electric appliance control box 2 links to each other with frame 1, welding head 7, turning rolls 11; Electric appliance control box 2 is exactly the control cabinet of entire machine; Comprise flexible, up-down, the circumvolution of control frame 1, the control of the control of welding head 7 and turning rolls 11, welding gun 14 is by welding head 7 controls.
In the utility model, preferably 6 and be evenly distributed on the work support 13 of clamp mechanism 10.On turning rolls 11, be equipped with and be used for supporting workpiece support 13 and drive the roller that work support 13 rotates.
When welding oval workpiece 3, carry out according to following step.
1, the installation and debugging of oval cylindrical shell:
Change welding work pieces support 13 according to the shape and size of workpiece 3 earlier; Adjustable locating piece 12 with being fixed on the support is realized accurately location; Utilize clamp mechanism 10 clamping work pieces then, and the center of gravity of workpiece 3 is overlapped with the center of gravity of support, realize the steady revolution of workpiece 3.
2, confirming of the preceding initial position of welding:
Welding gun 14 is fixed on the welding head 7; Utilize the relative position of self-checking device butt welded seam to carry out coarse adjustment; About utilizing horizontal linear motion guide and vertical linear motion guide to automatically adjust, position up and down; Utilize the micromatic setting on the welding head 7 to carry out accurate adjustment at last, make welding gun 14 be in the optimum position of welding.
3, the control of welding head 7 movement locus:
When turning rolls 11 turns round according to predetermined speed; Drive workpiece 3 simultaneously and do corresponding gyration; With the self-checking device of workpiece 3 contact can with welding gun 14, laterally linear motion guide and vertical linear motion guide automatically adjust carry out down about, about move.When the universal wheel in the self-checking device 16 touches oval workpiece 3 diverse locations; Workpiece 3 promotes self-checking device and moves up and down; Thereby second slide block can be moved up and down under the drive of self-checking device; It is constant that the distance of welding gun 14 and workpiece 3 is remained, thereby the movement locus of welding head 7 is controlled.
Embodiment: the welding of the oval arch tube of station, Wuhan large span:
Station, Wuhan station superstructure is a steel construction, and the part is a concrete filled steel tube.Steel superstructure comprises the main arch structure, main arch truss structure, mid-level net shell structure, inferior arch and jack truss structure, sandwich, elevator shelf structure.Wherein main arch structure maximum span is 116m, and maximum sagitta reaches 45m, and the cross section is oval and circular variable cross-section; Oval maximum cross-section specification is φ 1600mm*1400mm*40mm; Have the dendroid V-arrangement to support on the arch structure, be used for supporting whole roof structure, the V-arrangement supporting section is a conical tube.
Oval pipe manufacturing process is: after oval workpiece 3 is installed, be put on this device, mix up the initial position of welding gun 14; Start the source of welding current, striking starts turning rolls 11; Drive workpiece 3 through work support 13 and rotate, workpiece 3 contacts with self-checking device, and workpiece 3 promotes welding head 7 and moves up and down; Along with workpiece circles for 3 times, welding arc length remains unchanged, and realizes the full-automatic welding of oval cylindrical shell weld seam.
The above only is the preferred implementation of the utility model.Should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art under the prerequisite that does not break away from the utility model principle, can also make some modification and improvement, these also should be regarded as belonging to the protection domain of the utility model.

Claims (6)

1. the automatic manipulator of oval seam is characterized in that, comprises frame (1), electric appliance control box (2), turning rolls (11), work support (13) and clamp mechanism (10); On frame (1), be provided with horizontal line slideway (4); Laterally on the line slideway (4) first slide block is being installed; Vertical line slideway (6) is installed on first slide block; Vertically on the line slideway (6) second slide block is being installed; On second slide block, be provided with supporting bracket (8), on supporting bracket (8), be provided with welding head (7) and self-checking device, be equipped with on welding head (7) that the distance of its bottom and workpiece remains constant welding gun (14) in the welding work pieces process; Work support (13) is installed on the turning rolls (11), on work support (13), is provided with the adjustable locating piece (12) that is used for regulating the location of workpiece, and workpiece and work support (13) are fixing through clamp mechanism (10); Self-checking device contacts with workpiece during welding, and said electric appliance control box (2) links to each other with frame (1), welding head (7), turning rolls (11).
2. the automatic manipulator of oval seam according to claim 1 is characterized in that, on said frame (1), is provided with jockey (5), and said horizontal line slideway (4) is connected with frame (1) through jockey (5).
3. the automatic manipulator of oval seam according to claim 1 is characterized in that, on said welding head (7), is provided with the micromatic setting of accurate adjusting welding gun (14) bottom and workpiece distance.
4. the automatic manipulator of oval seam according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said clamp mechanism (10) has 6 and be evenly distributed on the work support (13).
5. the automatic manipulator of oval seam according to claim 1 is characterized in that, on said turning rolls (11), is equipped with to be used for supporting workpiece support (13) and to drive the roller that work support (13) rotates.
6. the automatic manipulator of oval seam according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said self-checking device comprises connecting rod (8), adjustable plate (15) and is located at the universal wheel (16) on adjustable plate (15) lower surface; One end of said connecting rod (8) is fixed on the supporting bracket (8), the other end links to each other with adjustable plate (15), and said universal wheel (16) contacts with workpiece.
CN 201120166587 2011-05-23 2011-05-23 Automatic welding operation machine for elliptical seams Expired - Lifetime CN202097488U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120166587 CN202097488U (en) 2011-05-23 2011-05-23 Automatic welding operation machine for elliptical seams

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201120166587 CN202097488U (en) 2011-05-23 2011-05-23 Automatic welding operation machine for elliptical seams

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202097488U true CN202097488U (en) 2012-01-04

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201120166587 Expired - Lifetime CN202097488U (en) 2011-05-23 2011-05-23 Automatic welding operation machine for elliptical seams

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102198560A (en) * 2011-05-23 2011-09-28 江苏沪宁钢机股份有限公司 Oval seam automatic welding operation machine
CN103506743A (en) * 2012-06-29 2014-01-15 中国有色金属工业第六冶金建设有限公司 Submerged-arc automation welding rotary kiln cylinder body technology
CN109024903A (en) * 2018-09-03 2018-12-18 江苏沪宁钢机股份有限公司 A kind of hemisphere support node and its manufacture craft
CN110899923A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-03-24 武汉求精钢结构有限公司 Automatic submerged arc welding machine of twin-wire

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102198560A (en) * 2011-05-23 2011-09-28 江苏沪宁钢机股份有限公司 Oval seam automatic welding operation machine
CN103506743A (en) * 2012-06-29 2014-01-15 中国有色金属工业第六冶金建设有限公司 Submerged-arc automation welding rotary kiln cylinder body technology
CN109024903A (en) * 2018-09-03 2018-12-18 江苏沪宁钢机股份有限公司 A kind of hemisphere support node and its manufacture craft
CN110899923A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-03-24 武汉求精钢结构有限公司 Automatic submerged arc welding machine of twin-wire
CN110899923B (en) * 2019-11-25 2021-05-14 武汉求精钢结构有限公司 Automatic submerged arc welding machine of twin-wire

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CX01 Expiry of patent term
CX01 Expiry of patent term

Granted publication date: 20120104