CN208792068U - A kind of automated driving system based on blocked road - Google Patents

A kind of automated driving system based on blocked road Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208792068U
CN208792068U CN201820751577.XU CN201820751577U CN208792068U CN 208792068 U CN208792068 U CN 208792068U CN 201820751577 U CN201820751577 U CN 201820751577U CN 208792068 U CN208792068 U CN 208792068U
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China
Prior art keywords
graticule
vehicle
autonomous driving
guidance
driving vehicle
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CN201820751577.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋飞平
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Jiangsu Branch Construction Project Management Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Branch Construction Project Management Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of automated driving systems based on blocked road, comprising: closing it is overhead, the closing overhead top bridge crane structure ground draw have can electronic recognition solid line graticule;Console for centralized control is provided with receiver, closes overhead upper autonomous driving vehicle speed, position, planning path data for receiving, and surrounding vehicles information is sent to any one in the autonomous driving vehicle for closing overhead upper traveling;Autonomous driving vehicle, equipped with vehicle-mounted computer and multiple detectors, detector includes graticule identification device, range unit, satellite positioning and wireless location reception device, wireless signal transmission and receiving device, and autonomous driving vehicle obtains external signal by detector and external signal is calculated driving path, speed by vehicle-mounted computer.

Description

A kind of automated driving system based on blocked road
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of highway and driving vehicles, and in particular to a kind of for the overhead of autonomous driving vehicle traveling Road and automated driving system.
Background technique
Currently, the design of different types of rridges, road, construction technology are very mature, many cities have been built various overhead Urban infrastructure construction is paid much attention in system, various regions, extremely urgent to urban congestion is solved the problems, such as.
With the extensive utilization of electronic recognition, automatic control and airmanship, automatic Pilot technology obtains tremendous expansion, and hundred Spend it is unmanned become first batch of country artificial intelligence open innovation platform of new generation, but pilotless automobile puts into society from practical It can change with there are also very big distances.
On 2 11st, 2018, Beijing enabled China first automatic Pilot closed test field, but what is simulated is more multiple Miscellaneous driving environment, there is presently no provide the accommodation road of socialization operation for autonomous driving vehicle in China.
On October 23rd, 2017 road is formally gone up by the intelligent track fast freight train that Zhong Che Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Institute develops Operation, principle is exactly to identify that ground dotted line follows line traveling, to realize Function for Automatic Pilot.
As urban population increases the fast development with private car, urban congestion and traffic safety problem are increasingly prominent Out.This programme designs a kind of roadnet for specializing in autonomous driving vehicle traveling, provides for the autonomous driving vehicle of specific function Running environment is run by computer system Automatic dispatching vehicle, running velocity and efficiency, solving road can be greatly improved The problem of transport capacity deficiency, urban road congestion, traffic safety Frequent Accidents.
Utility model content
In order to solve the above technical problems, the purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of automatic Pilot system based on blocked road System.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
A kind of automated driving system based on blocked road characterized by comprising
It closes overhead, including by bottom bracing structure, the top bridge crane structure on the bottom bracing structure, institute is set State and be provided with safety barrier in the bridge crane structure of top, and at left and right sides of the top bridge crane structure interval be uniformly arranged it is more A parking area, on the runway of the closing overhead top bridge crane structure ground center draw have can electronic recognition solid line graticule;
Console for centralized control is provided with receiver, closes overhead upper autonomous driving vehicle speed, position, planning for receiving Path data, and surrounding vehicles information is sent to any one in the autonomous driving vehicle for closing overhead upper traveling;
Autonomous driving vehicle, is equipped with vehicle-mounted computer and multiple detectors, and detector includes graticule identification device, ranging dress It sets, satellite positioning and wireless location reception device, wireless signal transmission and receiving device, autonomous driving vehicle are obtained by detector It takes console for centralized control signal and external signal is calculated into driving path, speed by vehicle-mounted computer, autonomous driving vehicle passes through mark Line identification device identification graticule is simultaneously travelled along graticule between two parties.
Further, the overhead top bridge crane structure floor surface of closing is that resin is directly laid on concrete plate beam Material or polyurethane material.
Further, it is described can electronic recognition solid line graticule include guidance straight trip graticule, guidance right-hand bend graticule, guidance Left-hand bend graticule and guidance parking graticule.
Further, it is above two-way four-lane that the closing is overhead, and the width in each lane is 2m;The automatic Pilot The width of automobile is 1.5m.
Further, the guidance straight trip graticule is arranged in the lane center position;The guidance right-hand bend graticule connects Connect the Through Lane of the autonomous driving vehicle direction of advance and another straight trip that direction of advance right front is vertical with direction of advance Lane;The guidance left-hand bend graticule connects Through Lane and the direction of advance left front of the autonomous driving vehicle direction of advance Another Through Lane vertical with direction of advance.
Further, the guidance parking graticule is arranged on the parking area.
According to the above aspect of the present invention, the utility model at least has the following advantages:
Closing overhead surface is to be laid with epoxide terrace directly on concrete plate beam to be formed, and compares existing asphalt road Line can prevent autonomous driving vehicle from travelling along route, road surface is damaged by pressure;
Closed road driving environment is set, external disturbance is avoided, with unified traffic rule, is controlled by center It stands, the collaboration of vehicle-mounted computer and vehicle power control system, congestion can be avoided the occurrence of, substantially increase road efficiency, most Big degree shortens passenger's commuting time, improves out line efficiency.
All vehicles avoid the generation of all kinds of traffic safety accidents, travel safety obtains by uniform rules collaboration traveling To being greatly improved, the life of the people, property safety have obtained powerful guarantee.
All vehicles are cooperateed with by computer system, it is no longer necessary to such as traffic signalization, Warning Mark, vehicle violation inspection The systems such as survey, have largely saved construction and standing charges, have saved social resources.
The above description is merely an outline of the technical solution of the present invention, in order to better understand the skill of the utility model Art means, and can be implemented in accordance with the contents of the specification, below on the preferred embodiment of the present invention and the accompanying drawings in detail It describes in detail bright as after.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the autonomous driving vehicle roadnet of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is use state diagram of the utility model under elevated bridge form;
Fig. 3 is 3 operation schematic diagram of parking area in Fig. 1 for passenger's getting on-off automobile;
Fig. 4 is level-crossing wagon flow direction schematic diagram in roadnet;
Fig. 5 is elevated bridge superstructure side schematic view;
1: elevated bridge substructure;
2: elevated bridge superstructure;21-
3: parking area;
4: viaduct bridge guardrail;
5: autonomous driving vehicle;51: through vehicles;52: the vehicle of pulling over observing on-board and off-board
6: manual drive automobile;
7: highway sideline;
8: can electronic identification guidance reality graticule;81: guidance straight trip graticule;82: guidance right-hand bend graticule;83: guidance is left Turning line;84: guidance parking graticule;
9: road axis;
10: direction of traffic.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, specific embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.Below Embodiment is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention for illustrating the utility model.
Referring to Fig. 1-Fig. 5:
A kind of automated driving system based on blocked road described in one preferred embodiment of the utility model, including multiple To the elevated bridge substructure 1 of supporting role, the elevated bridge superstructure 2 in elevated bridge substructure 1 is set, it is high The left and right sides, is provided with parking area 3, elevated bridge superstructure 2 after being spaced uniform certain distance in bridge superstructure 2 The left and right sides be additionally provided with viaduct bridge guardrail 4.
Elevated bridge superstructure 2 can directly using the surface layer of beam body as basal plane, apply antiskid, it is wear-resisting, block water, be full The form of the specific thin layer material of sufficient coefficient of friction, as the road surface of autonomous driving vehicle, specific structure is directly in concrete Resin material 22 or polyurethane material 22 are laid on plate-girder 21.
2 middle position of elevated bridge superstructure is provided with road axis 9, and 2 are provided at left and right sides of center line 9 Lane, the width in each lane are 2m;
Autonomous driving vehicle 5 travels on lane, and the width of autonomous driving vehicle is generally less than 2m;When more automatic than wider Driving 5 (is greater than 2m), can be across two lanes;Through vehicles 51 travel on lane;Pulling over observing on-board and off-board Vehicle 52 drive on parking area 3;
Be provided in elevated bridge superstructure 2 can electronic identification guidance reality graticule 8, including guidance straight trip performance 81, Guide right-hand bend graticule 82, guidance left-hand bend graticule 83 and guidance parking graticule 84.
Autonomous driving vehicle is equipped with vehicle-mounted computer and multiple detectors, and detector includes graticule identification device, ranging dress It sets, satellite positioning and wireless location reception device, wireless signal transmission and receiving device, autonomous driving vehicle are obtained by detector It takes external signal and external signal is calculated into driving path, speed by vehicle-mounted computer;All vehicles are using unified speed, just The traveling rule such as normal traveling, turning, pulling over observing, collaboration traveling, reasonable acceleration and deceleration, evacuation avoid getting congestion.All entrance The vehicle of automatic Pilot roadnet does not allow using pilot steering function.
Outside is additionally provided with a console for centralized control, is provided with receiver, closes overhead upper automatic Pilot vapour for receiving Vehicle speed, position, planning path data, and control the straight trip, turning, stop of all vehicles.
Autonomous driving vehicle in the process of moving, remain graticule be located at vehicle center or a certain specific position.
Autonomous driving vehicle sets general seats as 2 people, and width is used uniformly 1.5m, then lane normal width is arranged For 2.0m.The special vehicle across two lanes can also be set according to special requirement, the vehicle for increasing a lane width can Using the width of such as 3.5m.
The collaboration of all vehicles, can be by console for centralized control United Dispatching.It can also be after unified traveling rule, by closing on The information interchange of vehicle is calculated, control vehicle driving by vehicle-mounted computer combination electronic map.Vehicle in one regional scope without By being to be dispatched by console for centralized control, or voluntarily calculate control by vehicle-mounted computer, it is necessary to form fleet's traveling, keep vehicle Speed, spacing collaboration, to promote traffic efficiency.
Autonomous driving vehicle 5 travels along guidance straight line graticule 81 in straight trip, keeps the straight trip speed of setting.It is travelling In the process, autonomous driving vehicle is also sent to week by data transmissions such as speed, position, planning paths to console for centralized control simultaneously The autonomous driving vehicle enclosed controls automobile and periphery vapour according to unified operation rule by vehicle-mounted computer, console for centralized control Vehicle keeps speed, and unanimously, all around spacing is safe.
When autonomous driving vehicle 5 need to turn right, right turn signal, speed, automobile position are sent to console for centralized control and week The autonomous driving vehicle enclosed is controlled autonomous driving vehicle 5 and is turned close by vehicle-mounted computer, console for centralized control by operation rule Before curved point, guidance right-hand rotation graticule 82 is gone to safely, is travelled along right-hand rotation graticule 82, realizes and turns right.
When autonomous driving vehicle 5 need to turn left, left rotaring signal, speed, automobile position are sent to console for centralized control and week The autonomous driving vehicle enclosed controls autonomous driving vehicle 5 according to unified operation rule by vehicle-mounted computer, console for centralized control Close to before turning point, is travelled along guidance left-hand bend graticule 83, realize.
In most cases, two-way 4 lanes as shown in the picture, which are arranged, in automatic Pilot roadnet can meet current need It wants.When vehicle pass-through flow is more than two-way 4 lane capacity, number of track-lines can be added, keeps straight on, turn left, right-turn lane at that time Laying can be separated or even a plurality of lane can be set in a direction, to increase intersection passing efficiency.
When the upper and lower passenger of autonomous driving vehicle 5 needs pulling over observing, pulling over observing signal, speed, automobile position are transmitted To the autonomous driving vehicle of console for centralized control and surrounding, by vehicle-mounted computer, console for centralized control, according to operation rule, control is certainly Dynamic driving 5 close to before parking area, is going to right side graticule in advance, then travels by guidance parking graticule 84, in parking area 3 Pulling over observing.After after passenger getting off car or getting on the bus, then guidance graticule 8 is driven into, into normal navigation driving status.
The utility model at least has the following advantages:
Closing overhead surface is to be laid with epoxide terrace directly on concrete plate beam to be formed, and compares existing asphalt road Line can prevent autonomous driving vehicle from travelling along route, road surface is damaged by pressure;
Closed road driving environment is set, external disturbance is avoided, with unified traffic rule, is controlled by center It stands, the collaboration of vehicle-mounted computer and vehicle power control system, congestion can be avoided the occurrence of, substantially increase road efficiency, most Big degree shortens passenger's commuting time, improves out line efficiency.
All vehicles avoid the generation of all kinds of traffic safety accidents, travel safety obtains by uniform rules collaboration traveling To being greatly improved, the life of the people, property safety have obtained powerful guarantee.
All vehicles are cooperateed with by computer system, it is no longer necessary to such as traffic signalization, Warning Mark, vehicle violation inspection The systems such as survey, have largely saved construction and standing charges, have saved social resources.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, is not intended to limit the utility model, it is noted that For those skilled in the art, without deviating from the technical principle of the utility model, it can also do Several improvements and modifications out, these improvements and modifications also should be regarded as the protection scope of the utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of automated driving system based on blocked road characterized by comprising
Close overhead, including by bottom bracing structure, the top bridge crane structure on the bottom bracing structure be set, it is described on It is provided with safety barrier in portion's bridge crane structure, and is spaced be uniformly arranged multiple at left and right sides of the top bridge crane structure and stops Vehicle area, on the runway of the closing overhead top bridge crane structure ground center draw have can electronic recognition solid line graticule;
Console for centralized control is provided with receiver, closes overhead upper autonomous driving vehicle speed, position, planning path for receiving Data, and surrounding vehicles information is sent to any one in the autonomous driving vehicle for closing overhead upper traveling;
Autonomous driving vehicle, be equipped with vehicle-mounted computer and multiple detectors, detector include graticule identification device, range unit, Satellite positioning and wireless location reception device, wireless signal transmission and receiving device, autonomous driving vehicle are obtained by detector External signal is simultaneously calculated driving path, speed by vehicle-mounted computer by console for centralized control signal, and autonomous driving vehicle passes through graticule Identification device identification graticule is simultaneously travelled along graticule between two parties.
2. a kind of automated driving system based on blocked road according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the closing is high Frame top bridge crane structure floor surface is that resin material or polyurethane material are laid with directly on concrete plate beam.
3. a kind of automated driving system based on blocked road according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: it is described can electronics The solid line graticule of identification includes guidance straight trip graticule, guidance right-hand bend graticule, guidance left-hand bend graticule and guidance parking graticule.
4. a kind of automated driving system based on blocked road according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the closing is high It is two-way four-lane on frame, the width in each lane is 2m;The width of the autonomous driving vehicle is 1.5m.
5. a kind of automated driving system based on blocked road according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the guidance is straight Rower line is arranged in the lane center position;The guidance right-hand bend graticule connects the autonomous driving vehicle direction of advance Through Lane and direction of advance the right front another Through Lane vertical with direction of advance;The guidance left-hand bend graticule connects institute State the Through Lane of autonomous driving vehicle direction of advance and another Through Lane that direction of advance left front is vertical with direction of advance.
6. a kind of automated driving system based on blocked road according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the guidance stops Logo line is arranged on the parking area.
CN201820751577.XU 2018-05-21 2018-05-21 A kind of automated driving system based on blocked road Active CN208792068U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820751577.XU CN208792068U (en) 2018-05-21 2018-05-21 A kind of automated driving system based on blocked road

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820751577.XU CN208792068U (en) 2018-05-21 2018-05-21 A kind of automated driving system based on blocked road

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208792068U true CN208792068U (en) 2019-04-26

Family

ID=66200181

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820751577.XU Active CN208792068U (en) 2018-05-21 2018-05-21 A kind of automated driving system based on blocked road

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208792068U (en)

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