CN208708170U - A kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device - Google Patents

A kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208708170U
CN208708170U CN201820446166.XU CN201820446166U CN208708170U CN 208708170 U CN208708170 U CN 208708170U CN 201820446166 U CN201820446166 U CN 201820446166U CN 208708170 U CN208708170 U CN 208708170U
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Prior art keywords
picking
lever
fruit
auxiliary device
machine
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CN201820446166.XU
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苏伟光
秦士友
胡海滨
张远军
张峰
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Qilu University of Technology
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Qilu University of Technology
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device, belong to fruit picking equipment technical field, it solves picking in the prior art and collects the large labor intensity of fruit, and fruit is easily damaged in picking process and the seed harvester problem that structure is complicated, volume is big and cost is high.The technical solution of use are as follows: including lever, picking lever and shear, lever and shear are arranged on picking lever, and lever linkage shear, suspention auxiliary device includes Suspending fixation frame, sunpender, suspension apparatus and sleeve;Sunpender is fixed on Suspending fixation frame, and sunpender top is connected by suspension apparatus with sleeve;Sleeve is socketed on picking lever and can slide on picking lever;The device can be realized continuous easily picking and collect fruit, and guarantee that fruit is not damaged in picking, and can be effectively reduced the labor intensity of labourer.

Description

A kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device
Technical field
The utility model relates to fruit picking equipment technical field, specifically a kind of plucking with suspention auxiliary device Fruit machine.
Background technique
The plantation industry of woods fruit has become the pillar industry of many regional economic developments and increasing peasant income.In production and fruit farming In, the harvesting of fruit is an important link in orchard production overall process, have the characteristics that seasonal strong and labour intensive, Labour used in picking process accounts for 35%~45% of labour used in entire production process.Due to picking operating environment and operation Complexity, orchard high-altitude woods fruit picking the overwhelming majority or based on manually picking.When fruit height is higher, manually very Hardly possible is easily picked, and in order to improve picking efficiency, is reduced picking of climbing tree, is reduced labor intensity and danger, developed a variety of high-altitudes Pluck the mechanical device of fruit.
Picker in the prior art is broadly divided into two major classes: the first kind is to pick the machine for picking fruits tool device of rod-type, such as The fruits picking device of 201510686321.6 invention of patent, the fruit picking device are made of cutter, telescopic rod, traction rope and result net;It should The fruit mode of plucking of invention does not damage fruit, and the fruit cut, which falls into connect fruit net and realize, continuously plucks fruit, but there is also when picking People needs to hold fruit picking device high, uses the larger problem of labor intensity;It is portable such as 201711231384.8 invention of patent Artificial picker, it include fruit picking device mobile jib, pluck fruit grab dial blade telescopic rod, structure is simple, be applicable in picking high-altitude fruit, But certain injury can be generated to fruit there is also fruit crawl fruit is plucked, it has plucked fruit and has needed to put down after picking lever takes out fruit It just can be carried out and pick next time, inefficient problem;Second class is to use hoistable platform to pick fruit, such as patent The machine for picking fruits of 201510495822.6 inventions, the machine for picking fruits include rack, two parallelogram mechanisms, two hydraulic cylinders with And manned mechanism, storage bin, traveling wheel.The inventive structure is stablized, and the manned certain altitude that rises to of energy carries out picking operation, solves Orchard worker picks the problem of large labor intensity of high-altitude fruit, complicated but there is also machine for picking fruits lifting device structures, volume is big, Cost is high, while the problem more demanding to artificial operation.
Therefore, it is set in view of the above-mentioned problems, how to design a kind of fruit picking simple, small in size, that cost is low of structure It is standby, it can be realized continuous easily picking and collect fruit, and guarantee that fruit is not damaged in picking, and can reduce labor The labor intensity of dynamic person, is those skilled in the art's technical problem in the urgent need to address.
Summary of the invention
The technical assignment of the utility model is against the above deficiency, to provide a kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device, The device is able to solve the large labor intensity for picking and collecting fruit in the prior art, and fruit is easily damaged in picking process The problem that structure is complicated for bad and seed harvester, volume is big and cost is high.
The technical scheme adopted by the utility model to solve the technical problem is as follows:
A kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device, including lever, picking lever and shear, lever and shearing Device is arranged on picking lever, lever linkage shear, and suspention auxiliary device includes Suspending fixation frame, sunpender, suspention dress It sets and sleeve;Sunpender is fixed on Suspending fixation frame, and sunpender top is connected by suspension apparatus with sleeve;Sleeve is socketed in picking It can slide on bar and on picking lever.
It is provided on Suspending fixation frame and bears fixed packet.
Sunpender is bending shape sunpender or arch sunpender;One end of sunpender is installed in the top of Suspending fixation frame, the other end The head of suspension apparatus is connected, the tail portion of suspension apparatus is connected with the outer wall of sleeve;Upward pulling force is provided by sunpender, reduces lift The active force for lifting picking lever, plays the role of labour-saving.
It is provided with slowly to be slid for fruit to fruit slideway or the shear lower section on ground below shear and be provided with Fruit basket for access fruit.
Shear includes cutter and lever, is connected between cutter and lever by brake cable, and lever setting is being adopted It plucks the tail end of bar and cutter is controlled by brake cable;When picking fruit, carpopodium is inserted in shear, controls lever for fruit Stalk cutting, the fruit cut are fallen into fruit slideway or fruit frame.
Cutter includes that bobbin and V-knife mouth, bobbin are an integral molding structure with V-knife mouth.
V-knife mouth be two, be located relatively on bobbin, V-knife mouth it is top outward.
Lever is rim brake, hand vice or pull rod.
Suspension apparatus is suspention line, suspention chain or suspending rod.
Picking lever is telescopic rod or connecting-rods with constant lengh.
Compared to the prior art a kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device of the utility model, has below beneficial to effect Fruit:
1, picking personnel will bear fixed packet and bear with, and hand holds the orientation angle and height that picking lever adjusts picking Degree, while adjusting height, sleeve can slide picking lever along picking lever, and upward pulling force is provided by sunpender, so as to The gravity for enough offsetting picking lever, plays the role of labour-saving, alleviates the labor intensity of picking personnel;
2, shear is arranged on picking lever, and picking personnel can control cutter by manipulation operations handle and cut to carpopodium It is disconnected, or by pulling picking lever to cut off V-knife mouth by carpopodium, have the advantages that multi-functional, easy to use;
3, the fruit dropped into fruit slideway or fruit basket is cut, fruit is can be avoided in the born generation breakage of high speed, adopts The fruit fallen with fruit slideway can directly cartonning, it can be achieved that continuously pluck fruit, improve picking efficiency;
4, the device can facilitate picking high-altitude fruit, and simple light, the fruit in high-altitude can continuously be picked on ground by standing, Avoid manually climb tree, the risk of climbing ladder, can high efficiency, light labour-saving complete picking work;
5, apparatus structure design is rationally, structure is simple, easy to use, cost is low, can be realized continuous light Picking and collection fruit, effectively reduce the labor intensity of picking personnel, therefore, have good value for applications.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Attached drawing 1 is a kind of machine for picking fruits structural schematic diagram with suspention auxiliary device;
Attached drawing 2 is the structural schematic diagram of bobbin;
Attached drawing 3 is the assembling structure schematic diagram of bobbin, fruit basket and picking lever.
In figure: 1, lever, 2, picking lever, 3, shear, 4, Suspending fixation frame, 5, sunpender, 6, suspension apparatus, 7, set Cylinder, 8, bear fixed packet, 9, fruit slideway, 10, fruit basket, 11, bobbin, 12, V-knife mouth.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Fig. 1, a kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device of the utility model, including it is lever 1, flexible Picking lever 2 and shear 3, lever 1 and shear 3 are arranged on flexible picking lever 2, the linkage shear of lever 1 3, the fruit slideway 9 slowly slid for fruit to ground is provided with below shear 3;Shear 3 includes cutter and operation Handle 1, lever 1 are rim brake, are connected between cutter and rim brake by brake cable, and rim brake is arranged in the tail end of flexible picking lever 2 and leads to Lockage line traffic control cutter;Suspending auxiliary device in midair includes Suspending fixation frame 4, arch sunpender 5, suspension apparatus 6 and sleeve 7;Arch is hung Bar 5 is fixed on Suspending fixation frame 4, and suspension apparatus 6 is suspention line, and 5 top of arch sunpender is connected by suspending line in midair with sleeve 7; One end of arch sunpender 5 is installed in the top of Suspending fixation frame 4, the head of other end connection suspention line, suspend in midair the tail portion of line with The outer wall of sleeve 7 is connected, and sleeve 7 is socketed on flexible picking lever 2 and can slide on flexible picking lever 2;Suspending fixation frame 4 On be provided with and bear fixed packet 8.
In use, picking personnel will bear fixed packet 8 and bear with, flexible picking lever 2 is adjusted according to the actual situation Length, then hand holds the orientation angle and height that flexible picking lever 2 adjusts picking, and the picking lever 2 that stretches is adjusting height Meanwhile sleeve 7 can be slided along flexible picking lever 2, and upward pulling force is provided by arch sunpender 5, it is flexible so as to offset The gravity of picking lever 2, plays the role of labour-saving, alleviates the labor intensity of picking personnel;Then flexible 2 tail end of picking lever of pinching Rim brake, rim brake pulls brake cable control cutter to cut off carpopodium, and the fruit cut falls into the fruit case on ground by fruit slideway 9 In.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device of the utility model, including lever 1, fixed length picking lever 2 and cut Cutting apparatus 3, lever 1 and shear 3 are arranged on fixed length picking lever 2, the linkage shear 3 of lever 1, shear 3 Lower section is provided with the fruit slideway 9 slowly slid for fruit to ground;Shear 3 includes cutter and lever 1, cutter and behaviour Make to be connected between handle 1 by brake cable, lever 1 is arranged in the tail end of fixed length picking lever 2 and controls cutter by brake cable;Such as attached drawing Shown in 2, cutter includes bobbin 11 and two V-knife mouths 12, is located relatively on bobbin 11, top outside, the bobbin of V-knife mouth 12 11 are an integral molding structure with V-knife mouth 12;Suspending auxiliary device in midair includes Suspending fixation frame 4, arch sunpender 5,6 and of suspension apparatus Sleeve 7;Arch sunpender 5 is fixed on Suspending fixation frame 4, and suspension apparatus 6 is suspention chain, and 5 top of arch sunpender passes through suspention chain It is connected with sleeve 7;One end of arch sunpender 5 is installed in the top of Suspending fixation frame 4, and the head of other end connection suspention chain hangs The tail portion of chain sling is connected with the outer wall of sleeve 7, and sleeve 7 is socketed on fixed length picking lever 2 and can slide on fixed length picking lever 2 It is dynamic;It is provided on Suspending fixation frame 4 and bears fixed packet 8.
In use, picking personnel will bear fixed packet 8 and bear with, hand holds fixed length picking lever 2 and adjusts picking Orientation angle and height, while adjusting height, sleeve 7 can slide fixed length picking lever 2 along fixed length picking lever 2, and by bending Shape sunpender 5 provides upward pulling force, so as to offset the gravity of fixed length picking lever 2, plays the role of labour-saving, alleviates picking The labor intensity of personnel;Then fruit is nested into bobbin 11, after adjusting good position, by pulling fixed length picking lever 2, makes V The type edge of a knife 12 can cut carpopodium, and fall into the fruit slideway 9 of lower section, and fruit drops down onto ground by the buffering of fruit slideway 9 In the fruit case in face, avoids the born generation of fruit high speed damaged, realize and continuously pluck fruit, improve picking efficiency.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device of the utility model, including lever 1, flexible picking lever 2 and cut Cutting apparatus 3, lever 1 and shear 3 are arranged on flexible picking lever 2, the linkage shear 3 of lever 1, shear 3 Lower section is provided with the fruit basket 10 for access fruit, as shown in Fig. 3;Shear 3 includes cutter and lever 1, lever 1 For hand vice, it is connected between cutter and hand vice by brake cable, hand vice are arranged in the tail end of flexible picking lever 2 and control knife by brake cable Tool;Suspending auxiliary device in midair includes Suspending fixation frame 4, bending shape sunpender 5, suspension apparatus 6 and sleeve 7;Bending shape sunpender 5 is fixed on On Suspending fixation frame 4, suspension apparatus 6 is suspending rod, and 5 top of bending shape sunpender is connected by suspending rod with sleeve 7;Bending shape is hung One end of bar 5 is installed in the top of Suspending fixation frame 4, and the other end connects the head of suspending rod, tail portion and the sleeve 7 of suspending rod Outer wall is connected, and sleeve 7 is socketed on flexible picking lever 2 and can slide on flexible picking lever 2;It is arranged on Suspending fixation frame 4 Have and bears fixed packet 8.
In use, picking personnel will bear fixed packet 8 and bear with, hand holds flexible picking lever 2 and adjusts picking Orientation angle and height stretch picking lever 2 while adjusting height, and sleeve 7 can be slided along flexible picking lever 2, and by rolling over Bending sunpender 5 provides upward pulling force, so as to offset the gravity of flexible picking lever 2, plays the role of labour-saving, alleviates and adopt Pluck the labor intensity of personnel;Then fruit is nested into shear 3, after adjusting good position, is stretched picking lever 2 by pinching The hand vice of tail end, hand vice pull brake cable control cutter to cut off carpopodium, and the fruit cut can be fallen into the fruit basket 10 of lower section, can It avoids the born generation of fruit high speed damaged, realizes and continuously pluck fruit, improve picking efficiency.
The technical personnel in the technical field can readily realize the utility model with the above specific embodiments,.But It is it should be appreciated that the utility model is not limited to 3 kinds of above-mentioned specific embodiments.On the basis of the disclosed embodiments, The technical personnel in the technical field can arbitrarily combine different technical features, to realize different technical solutions.
Except for the technical features described in the specification, it all is technically known to those skilled in the art.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device, including lever, picking lever and shear, lever and shearing dress It installs on picking lever, lever linkage shear, it is characterised in that suspention auxiliary device includes Suspending fixation frame, hangs Bar, suspension apparatus and sleeve;Sunpender is fixed on Suspending fixation frame, and sunpender top is connected by suspension apparatus with sleeve;Sunpender For bending shape sunpender or arch sunpender;One end of sunpender is installed in the top of Suspending fixation frame, and the other end connects suspension apparatus Head, the tail portion of suspension apparatus is connected with the outer wall of sleeve;Sleeve is socketed on picking lever and can slide on picking lever.
2. a kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that on Suspending fixation frame It is provided with and bears fixed packet.
3. a kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that below shear It is provided with the fruit basket for slowly being slid for fruit to fruit slideway or the shear lower section on ground and being provided with for access fruit.
4. a kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that shear includes Cutter and lever are connected between cutter and lever by brake cable, and lever is arranged in the tail end of picking lever and passes through brake cable Control cutter.
5. a kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that cutter includes bobbin And V-knife mouth, bobbin are an integral molding structure with V-knife mouth.
6. a kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that V-knife mouth is two It is a, be located relatively on bobbin, V-knife mouth it is top outward.
7. it is according to claim 4 it is a kind of with suspention auxiliary device machine for picking fruits, it is characterised in that lever be rim brake, Hand vice or pull rod.
8. a kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that suspension apparatus is outstanding Messenger wire, suspention chain or suspending rod.
9. a kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that picking lever is flexible Bar or connecting-rods with constant lengh.
CN201820446166.XU 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device Active CN208708170U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820446166.XU CN208708170U (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820446166.XU CN208708170U (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208708170U true CN208708170U (en) 2019-04-09

Family

ID=65969601

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820446166.XU Active CN208708170U (en) 2018-03-30 2018-03-30 A kind of machine for picking fruits with suspention auxiliary device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208708170U (en)

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