CN208309770U - A kind of Rain Garden for water storage, purification - Google Patents

A kind of Rain Garden for water storage, purification Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208309770U
CN208309770U CN201820803683.8U CN201820803683U CN208309770U CN 208309770 U CN208309770 U CN 208309770U CN 201820803683 U CN201820803683 U CN 201820803683U CN 208309770 U CN208309770 U CN 208309770U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
water storage
reservoir
garden
storage module
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201820803683.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王文静
阳重阳
曹姝文
许嘉辉
李锐敬
周文栋
徐鑫
叶冠生
莫碧琴
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GUANGZHOU ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENGINEERING DESIGNING INST Co Ltd
Original Assignee
GUANGZHOU ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENGINEERING DESIGNING INST Co Ltd
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Application filed by GUANGZHOU ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENGINEERING DESIGNING INST Co Ltd filed Critical GUANGZHOU ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ENGINEERING DESIGNING INST Co Ltd
Priority to CN201820803683.8U priority Critical patent/CN208309770U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208309770U publication Critical patent/CN208309770U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of Rain Gardens for water storage, purification, including multiple garden main bodys, reservoir and fountain apparatus, the garden main body includes the sieve being arranged from top to bottom, cobble aquifer, plantation packing layer, sand gravel layer and water storage module, the water storage module is connected to the reservoir, the fountain apparatus is used to the water in the water storage module and/or reservoir spraying the water surface and falls into the garden main body, and the water inlet of the fountain apparatus is equipped with heavy metal adsorption device.Utilize the diafiltration of garden main body, catharsis, rainwater is collected using the water storage module and reservoir of garden main body, it is dropped into the main body of garden again after the water in water storage module and/or reservoir is sprayed the water surface by fountain apparatus again, circulation diafiltration, purification are carried out, the pollutant in rainwater can sufficiently be removed.Moreover, fountain apparatus can also improve air quality, aeration running water, improve amenity sense, beautifies the environment.

Description

A kind of Rain Garden for water storage, purification
Technical field
The utility model relates to sponge city technical fields, more particularly, to a kind of rainwater flower for water storage, purification Garden.
Background technique
With the quickening of urbanization process, city water resource problem is outstanding day by day, the shortage of urban water and rain disaster Take place frequently brought by contradiction become the severe challenge that is faced of urban development.Rain Garden is as in Urban Storm Flood management system One kind effectively implement means, processing urban ground runoff, collect rainwater, purifying rainwater, help rain penetration underground return Natural water circulation etc. can play very well function.
For rainy area, contain a large amount of organic pollutant, runoff velocity greatly and in rainfall runoff due to rainfall Larger, souring is obvious.When entering Rain Garden containing a large amount of rainfall runofves, existing Rain Garden limited filtering capacity, Rainwater is not complete enough by Rain Garden filtering after-purification;And self-restraint water is limited, and digestion capability is insufficient, is unfavorable for rainwater It excludes and efficiently uses in time.
Utility model content
The utility model is to overcome defect described in the above-mentioned prior art, provides a kind of rainwater flower for water storage, purification Garden.In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of Rain Garden for water storage, purification, including multiple garden main bodys, reservoir and fountain apparatus, the flower Garden main body includes the sieve being arranged from top to bottom, cobble aquifer, plantation packing layer, sand gravel layer and water storage module, the storage Water module is connected to the reservoir, and the fountain apparatus is used to the water in the water storage module and/or reservoir spraying water Face simultaneously falls into the garden main body, and the water inlet of the fountain apparatus is equipped with heavy metal adsorption device.
After garden main body generally has the function of that diafiltration, purifying rainwater, rainwater enter garden main body by confluence, lower infiltration is extremely Water storage module, water storage module are connected to reservoir, water storage module and reservoir can a large amount of rainwater of accumulation, cope with larger Water storage, purification demand;And it will be dropped into again after the water ejection water surface in water storage module and/or reservoir by fountain apparatus Garden main body carries out circulation diafiltration, purification, the pollutant in rainwater is sufficiently removed;Water enters before fountain apparatus, through overweight The adsorption treatment of metal adsorption device can effectively remove the heavy metal contaminants in water.
Preferably, the plantation packing layer includes planting soil layer and biologic packing material layer, the sand gravel layer include sand stone layer and Gravel layer.
Sieve can remove the bulky grain suspended matter in rainwater, and rainwater removes small suspension by the filtering of cobble aquifer Enter after object and particulate matter and plant soil layer, removes a part of pollutant using the percolation of the absorption cleaning of plant, soil, it is raw Object packing layer can feed nutrition to plant, and biologic packing material layer can also utilize the organic pollutant and nitrogen in biological removal rainwater The pollutants such as phosphorus, rainwater enter sand stone layer and gravel layer after biologic packing material layer, eventually enter into water storage module.At this point, rainwater By the primary diafiltration of garden main body, purification process.
Preferably, the cobble aquifer is equipped with for the rainwater for having little time lower infiltration in the cobble aquifer to be introduced institute State the overflow pipe of reservoir or other garden main bodys.By the way that overflow pipe is arranged, the rainwater in the main body of garden can be discharged in time, Plant is prevented to be submerged.
It is further preferred that the overflow pipe is equipped with filter screen.By filter screen, the bulky grain pollutant in cobble aquifer is prevented It is diffused into reservoir or other garden main bodys.
Preferably, the aperture of the sieve is 1 ~ 10 mm.By sieve, the suspended matter in rainwater is retained.
Preferably, the cobble in the cobble aquifer is having a size of 1 ~ 3 cm.Cobble size in cobble aquifer is unsuitable It is excessive, the excessive growth that will affect the plant in the main body of garden.
Preferably, the plant for planting soil layer be ciliate desert-grass, it is Sedum alfredii Hance, Alyssum, duckweed, gold leaf Scirpus tabernaemontani, eel grass, black One or more of the red bog pondweed of algae, watermifoil, water caltrop, castor, p.malaianus.Above-mentioned plant can be used in absorbing in water Heavy metal, and be resistance to water-wet plant.
Preferably, the biologic packing material layer uses bio-feritlizer, and the bio-feritlizer uses animal waste, sludge and micro- life Object is made.Bio-feritlizer is made of animal waste, sludge and microorganism, generally through everfermentation, will not generate new pollution.
Preferably, the reservoir is equipped with the water level for preventing the water level of the reservoir to be higher than water storage module upper end Pipe, the lower end of the water level pipe is connect with city planting ductwork.When the water level in reservoir is higher than the upper end of water level pipe, in reservoir Water can drain from water level pipe, water level will not continue to rise.
Preferably, the fountain apparatus includes the water pump and spray head connected by pipeline.Water pump can by water storage module and/ Or the water in reservoir is promoted and is pressurizeed, and is gone out subsequently into nozzle rear-spraying.
It preferably, further include for providing the device of solar generating of electric energy to the fountain apparatus.It is supplied by solar energy Electricity has effectively saved the energy.
Preferably, the heavy metal adsorption device is filled with natural zeolite or sodium titanate nanofiber.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that
The Rain Garden for water storage, purification of the utility model utilizes the diafiltration of garden main body, catharsis, using flower The water storage module and reservoir of garden main body collect a large amount of rainwater, then will be in water storage module and/or reservoir by fountain apparatus Water drops into the main body of garden again after spraying the water surface, carries out circulation diafiltration, purification, can sufficiently go the pollutant in rainwater It removes.Fountain apparatus can also improve air quality, aeration running water, improve amenity sense, beautifies the environment.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of the Rain Garden for water storage, purification of embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of the Rain Garden with water water storage, purification of embodiment 1.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is further described With reference to embodiment.
Embodiment 1
A kind of Rain Garden for water storage, purification, as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, including two garden main bodys 1, reservoir 2, Fountain apparatus 3 and device of solar generating 4, reservoir 2 are located among two garden main bodys 1, and main body 1 lower part in garden is equipped with water storage Module 15, water storage module 15 are connected to reservoir 2, and fountain apparatus 3 is used to the water in water storage module 15 and reservoir 2 spraying water Face simultaneously falls into garden main body 1, and device of solar generating 4 is used to provide electric energy to fountain apparatus 3.
Garden main body 1 includes the sieve 11 being arranged from top to bottom, cobble aquifer 12, plantation packing layer 13, sand gravel layer 14 and water storage module 15, plantation packing layer 13 includes planting soil layer 131 and biologic packing material layer 132, and sand gravel layer 14 includes sand stone layer 141 and gravel layer 142, cobble aquifer 12 is equipped with overflow pipe 121, is equipped with filter screen inside overflow pipe 121.The aperture of sieve 11 For 1 ~ 10 mm;Cobble in cobble aquifer 12 is having a size of 1 ~ 3 cm;Plant soil layer 131 plant be ciliate desert-grass, Sedum alfredii Hance, Alyssum, duckweed, gold leaf Scirpus tabernaemontani, eel grass, black algae, watermifoil, water caltrop, the red bog pondweed of castor, p.malaianus;Biologic packing material layer 132 use bio-feritlizer, and bio-feritlizer is made of animal waste, sludge and microorganism, is made through everfermentation, will not generate new Pollution.
Reservoir 2 is equipped with water level pipe 21, and water level pipe 21 is used to prevent the water level in reservoir 2 to be higher than water storage module 15 End, the lower end of water level pipe 21 are connected to municipal storm sewer.
Fountain apparatus 3 includes immersible pump and spray head, and the water inlet of immersible pump is equipped with heavy metal adsorption device 31, is respectively set In the water storage module 15 and reservoir 2 of two garden main bodys 1, immersible pump mentions the water in water storage module 15 and reservoir 2 It rises and pressurizes, the water surface is sprayed by spray head, is later fallen into garden main body 1;Filled with natural boiling in heavy metal adsorption device 31 Stone.
Sieve 11 can remove the bulky grain suspended matter in rainwater, and rainwater is small by the filtering removal of cobble aquifer 12 Enter after suspended matter and particulate matter and plant soil layer 131, it is dirty to remove a part using the percolation of the absorption cleaning of plant, soil Object is contaminated, biologic packing material layer 132 can feed nutrition to plant, and biologic packing material layer 132 can also utilize having in biological removal rainwater The pollutants such as machine pollutant and nitrogen phosphorus, rainwater enter sand stone layer 141 and gravel layer 142 after biologic packing material layer 132, finally Into water storage module 15.
Garden main body 1 has the function of diafiltration, purifying rainwater, and rainwater, which passes through, to converge into after garden main body 1, lower infiltration to storage Water module 15, water storage module 15 are connected to reservoir 2, water storage module 15 and reservoir 2 can a large amount of rainwater of accumulation, Neng Gouying To larger water storage, purification demand;The water in water storage module 15 and reservoir 2 is added to garden master again by fountain apparatus 3 Body 1 carries out circulation diafiltration, purification, the pollutant in rainwater is sufficiently removed.
Obviously, the above embodiments of the present invention is merely examples for clearly illustrating the present invention, and It is not limitations of the embodiments of the present invention.For those of ordinary skill in the art, in above description On the basis of can also make other variations or changes in different ways.There is no need and unable to give all embodiments Exhaustion.Any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention etc., should be included in Within the protection scope of the utility model claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Rain Garden for water storage, purification, which is characterized in that including multiple garden main bodys (1), reservoir (2) and Fountain apparatus (3), the garden main body (1) include the sieve (11) being arranged from top to bottom, cobble aquifer (12), plantation filler Layer (13), sand gravel layer (14) and water storage module (15), the water storage module (15) are connected to the reservoir (2), the spray Spring device (3) is used to the water in the water storage module (15) and/or reservoir (2) spraying the water surface and falls into the garden main body (1), the water inlet of the fountain apparatus (3) is equipped with heavy metal adsorption device (31).
2. Rain Garden according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the plantation packing layer (13) includes planting soil layer (131) and biologic packing material layer (132), the sand gravel layer (14) include sand stone layer (141) and gravel layer (142).
3. Rain Garden according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cobble aquifer (12) is equipped with for will be described The rainwater for having little time lower infiltration in cobble aquifer introduces the reservoir (2) or the overflow pipe (121) of other garden main bodys (1).
4. Rain Garden according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the aperture of the sieve (11) is 1 ~ 10 mm.
5. Rain Garden according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the cobble size in the cobble aquifer (12) For 1 ~ 3 cm.
6. Rain Garden according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the plant for planting soil layer (131) is ciliate desert-grass, east Southern red-spotted stonecrop, Alyssum, duckweed, gold leaf Scirpus tabernaemontani, eel grass, black algae, watermifoil, water caltrop, the red bog pondweed of castor, one in p.malaianus Kind is several.
7. Rain Garden according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the biologic packing material layer (132) uses bio-feritlizer, The bio-feritlizer is made of animal waste, sludge and microorganism.
8. Rain Garden according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the reservoir (2) is equipped with for preventing the storage The water level in pond (2) is higher than the water level pipe (21) of water storage module upper end, and the lower end of the water level pipe (21) is connect with city planting ductwork.
9. Rain Garden according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fountain apparatus (3) includes being connected by pipeline Water pump and spray head.
10. Rain Garden according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include for providing electricity to the fountain apparatus The device of solar generating (4) of energy.
CN201820803683.8U 2018-05-28 2018-05-28 A kind of Rain Garden for water storage, purification Expired - Fee Related CN208309770U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820803683.8U CN208309770U (en) 2018-05-28 2018-05-28 A kind of Rain Garden for water storage, purification

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820803683.8U CN208309770U (en) 2018-05-28 2018-05-28 A kind of Rain Garden for water storage, purification

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208309770U true CN208309770U (en) 2019-01-01

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110012770A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-07-16 徐州工程学院 A kind of efficient Rain Garden for cutting down runoff velocity and pollutant
CN110241906A (en) * 2019-06-18 2019-09-17 清华大学 Rainwater purification recycling biological gaseous-waste holdup system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110012770A (en) * 2019-04-28 2019-07-16 徐州工程学院 A kind of efficient Rain Garden for cutting down runoff velocity and pollutant
CN110012770B (en) * 2019-04-28 2021-04-30 徐州工程学院 Rainwater garden capable of efficiently reducing runoff flow velocity and pollutants
CN110241906A (en) * 2019-06-18 2019-09-17 清华大学 Rainwater purification recycling biological gaseous-waste holdup system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190101

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