A kind of five station of numerical control automatically moves material press machine
The utility model relates to bearing forging process technical field, specially a kind of five station of numerical control automatically moves material pressure
It is a kind of versatility press machine of delicate structure that press machine, which includes punching machine, hydraulic press,.With widely used, production effect
The features such as rate is high, press machine can be widely applied to the techniques such as cutting, punching, blanking, bending, riveted and forming.By to metal
Blank, which applies powerful pressure, makes metal that plastic deformation occur and be broken to be processed into part.By electronic when mechanical press works
Machine drives big belt pulley usually to double as flywheel by V belt, drives slider-crank mechanism by gear pair and clutch, makes
Sliding block and punch-pin straight line downlink.Mechanical press completes rear slider journey uplink in forging and stamping work, and clutch disengages automatically, while bent
Automation on arbor is connected, and sliding block is made to stop near top dead center.
Currently, press machine is during processing, the clamping and feeding of forging equipment workpiece often still use artificial
Mode, artificial feeding is time-consuming and laborious, and production efficiency is low, and because generated during the high temperature of workpiece itself and forging and stamping
A large amount of high-temperature gases seriously affect the health of operator, or even unexpected industrial accident occur, therefore be badly in need of a kind of peace
Equipment is expected loaded on the full-automatic shifting on press machine.
In the Chinese patent of Patent No. CN201320584, a kind of Multistation automatic feeding dvice of puncher is disclosed, is wrapped
Include workbench, cope plate, along workbench lateral equidistant arrangement a plurality of lower punches, clamp system and feeding mechanism, it is described
Clamp system be divided into two parts, be symmetrically arranged at lower punch arrangement axis two sides；Its inside has and lower punch quantity phase
Same clamping plate, the arrangement spacing of the clamping plate are equal to the arrangement spacing of lower punch, by clamping cylinder driving along the vertical of workbench
To making open and close movement；The feeding mechanism is connect with clamp system, is driven by feeding cylinder, and lateral along workbench is made back and forth
Movement, reciprocating stroke are equal to the arrangement spacing of lower punch.
Although self-feeding may be implemented in a kind of Multistation automatic feeding dvice of puncher disclosed in above-mentioned patent,
It carries out feeding there is still a need for artificial in feeding, and its feeding station is located in punching machine, still has certain risk.
Utility model content
In view of the above problems, the utility model, which provides a kind of five station of numerical control, automatically moves material press machine, pass through benefit
The workpiece on symmetrically arranged clamping plate clamping feeding platform is driven with actuator, workpiece sidesway is delivered at heading die and is carried out
Processing, and the workpiece at heading die is then delivered to molding die by the synchronous clamping sidesway of clamping plate, and so on, in realization
Material, the automatic shifting for jumping-up, forming, cutting between five stations in bottom and discharging are expected, automatic charging and the discharging of press machine are realized,
Solves the high technical problem of artificial loading risk.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides the following technical solutions:
A kind of five station of numerical control automatically moves material press machine, including press machine, and the press machine includes being set to middle part
Workbench, the upper die component positioned at vertical sliding above workbench and the lower mold assemblies that are fixedly installed on workbench, are also wrapped
Clamp system, the clamp system level are arranged through the two sidewalls of the press machine, are located at the upper mold group
Between part and the lower mold assemblies, be arranged in parallel with the workbench, the clamp system include clamping component, driving assembly with
And guidance set, the driving component are symmetrically disposed on the both ends of the clamping component, the guidance set is symmetrically disposed on institute
State the lower section at clamping component both ends；And
Delivery device, the delivery device are set to the both ends of the clamp system, push the clamp system reciprocal
It is mobile, and it includes push component and limit assembly, the push end of the push component is fixed in the end of the clamp system
Connection, the limit assembly are installed on the press machine, and middle part is equipped with the clamping component.
As an improvement, the upper die component includes the formed punch that several length directions along the workbench are placed equidistant with, institute
Stating lower mold assemblies includes several lower punches being arranged in a one-to-one correspondence with the formed punch, along the feeding direction of workbench, formed punch according to
It is secondary to be divided into jumping-up, form and cut bottom.
As an improvement, the formed punch and the lower punch are respectively positioned on the central axes in the workbench width direction.
As an improvement, the both ends of the workbench are respectively arranged with feeding platform and discharging pedestal, the feeding platform and discharging
Pedestal is equal with the distance between the adjacent lower punch to the distance of the adjacent lower punch respectively.
As an improvement, the clamping component includes symmetrically arranged clamping plate, it is provided in the middle part of the clamping plate several
A bayonet being placed equidistant with.
As an improvement, the driving component includes:
Drive installation seat, the drive installation seat are located at the both ends of the clamping component, with pushing away for the push component
Sending end is fixedly connected；
Actuator, the actuator are installed in the drive installation seat, push the length in direction and the clamping plate
Direction is consistent；
Connector, the connector are fixedly installed on the push end of the actuator；And
Hinge bar, the hinge bar be it is arranged symmetrically, one end and the connector are hinged, the other end and the clamping
The end of plate is hinged.
As an improvement, the guidance set includes:
Guide part, the guide part are set to the lower section of the clamping plate end, the length direction with the clamping plate
Horizontal vertical setting, and it is fixedly connected with the push end of the push component；And
Sliding part, the sliding part are slideably positioned on the guide part, the fixed company in lower end surface with the clamping plate
As an improvement, the push component includes:
Side stand, the side stand are fixedly installed on the two sides of the press machine；
Pushing piece, the pushing piece are fixedly installed on the side stand；And
Push plate, the push plate are fixedly installed on the push end of the pushing piece, with the driving component and guiding
Component is fixedly connected.
As an improvement, the reciprocating stroke of the pushing piece is equal to the distance between adjacent described formed punch.
As an improvement, the limit assembly includes the limit plate for being symmetrically disposed on the clamping component two sides, the limit plate
It is fixedly connected with the press machine, the middle part is provided with limiting slot, is equipped with the clamping plate in the limiting slot.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the utility model, will by driving symmetrically arranged clamping plate to clamp the workpiece on feeding platform using actuator
Workpiece sidesway is delivered at heading die and is processed, and the workpiece at heading die is then by the synchronous clamping sidesway conveying of clamping plate
To molding die, and so on, realize that feeding, the automatic shifting for jumping-up, forming, cutting between five stations in bottom and discharging are expected,
Automatic charging and the discharging for realizing press machine solve the high technical problem of artificial loading risk；
(2) the utility model utilizes the phase of thrust between the pushing piece of two sides by the way that pushing piece is arranged at the both ends of clamping plate
Mutually compensate, when keeping clamping plate in the stabilization of reciprocating stroke, while guaranteeing the pushing piece failure of a side in office, the other side
Pushing piece still ensures that the work of device certain time；
(3) the utility model drives the clamping of clamping plate by using two actuators, is guaranteeing clamping plate folder
While taking the stability of workpiece, it is ensured that in the case where actuator damage a one by one in office, device remains to work normally；
(4) the utility model can realize that the automatic shifting of five stations is expected by the way that four bayonets are arranged on clamping plate, and
Automatic, the orderly operating and switching that feeding station is always ensured that between the station that discharges mentions while avoiding unexpected occur
The high working efficiency of press machine.
In conclusion the utility model has many advantages, such as that high degree of automation, safety, process velocity are fast, it is particularly suitable for
The forging process technical field of bearing ring.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the utility model schematic cross-sectional view；
Fig. 2 is the utility model sectional perspective structural schematic diagram one；
Fig. 3 is the utility model sectional perspective structural schematic diagram two；
Fig. 4 is structure enlargement diagram at A in Fig. 3；
Fig. 5 is the utility model local overlooking structural schematic diagram.
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model
Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole
Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work
Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width
Degree ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outside",
The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as " clockwise ", " counterclockwise " be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, be only for
Convenient for description the utility model and simplify description, rather than the equipment of indication or suggestion meaning or element must have specifically
Orientation is constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as limiting the present invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second " are used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance
Or implicitly indicate the quantity of indicated technical characteristic.Define " first " as a result, the feature of " second " can be expressed or
Implicitly include one or more of the features.The meaning of " plurality " is two or two in the description of the present invention,
More than, unless otherwise specifically defined.
As shown in Figures 1 and 3, a kind of five station of numerical control automatically moves material press machine, including press machine 1, the press machine 1
Workbench 11 including being set to middle part, the upper die component 12 of vertical sliding and is fixedly installed on work above workbench 11
Make the lower mold assemblies 13 on platform, further includes:
Clamp system 2, the horizontal two sidewalls through the press machine 1 of the clamp system 2 are arranged, and are located at the upper mold
It between component 12 and the lower mold assemblies 13, is arranged in parallel with the workbench 11, which includes clamping component
21, driving assembly 22 and guidance set 23, the driving component 22 is symmetrically disposed on the both ends of the clamping component 21, described
Guidance set 23 is symmetrically disposed on the lower section at 21 both ends of clamping component；And
Delivery device 3, the delivery device 3 are set to the both ends of the clamp system 2, push the clamp system 2
It moves back and forth, and it includes push component 31 and limit assembly 32, the push end of the push component 31 is in the clamp system 2
End be fixedly connected, the limit assembly 32 is installed on the press machine 1, middle part be equipped with the clamping component 21.
As shown in Figure 1, wherein the upper die component 12 includes that several length directions along the workbench 11 are placed equidistant with
Formed punch 121, the lower mold assemblies 13 include several lower punches 131 being arranged in a one-to-one correspondence with the formed punch 121.
Further, the formed punch 121 is respectively positioned on the central axes of 11 width direction of workbench with the lower punch 131
As shown in Fig. 2, further, the both ends of the workbench 11 are respectively arranged with feeding platform 111 and discharging pedestal
112, the feeding platform 111 and discharging pedestal 112 respectively at a distance from the adjacent lower punch 131 with the adjacent lower punch
The distance between 131 is equal.
It should be noted that the quantity of formed punch 121 is preferably 3 in the present embodiment, upsetting is followed successively by according to the sequence of processing
Thick formed punch, forming punching head and bottom formed punch is cut, 3 punch synchronous work；The quantity of lower punch 131 is preferably 3, point
Not with jumping-up formed punch, forming punching head and to cut bottom formed punch corresponding, it is followed successively by jumping-up lower punch, form lower punch and cuts beneath punching
Mould, when the workpiece on the clamping workbench 11 of clamping component 21 carries out moving material to the lower punch 131 immediately below jumping-up formed punch, together
Step, the workpiece that clamping component 21 also processes jumping-up formed punch moves immediately below material to forming punching head, what forming punching head processed
Workpiece moves material to cutting immediately below the formed punch of bottom, cuts the workpiece that bottom formed punch processes and then moves and expects to discharging pedestal 112 to discharge, above-mentioned
It moves material process to synchronously complete, in this way, realizing feeding, jumping-up, forming, cut the full-automatic of five stations in bottom and discharging
Material is moved, more traditional automatic shifting expects that device, the present embodiment realize feeding progress synchronous with discharging, packed the operation of device
Continuity, feeding is carried out without artificial, without operating any one of formed punch 121 idle running.
It further illustrating, driving assembly 22 controls the folding of clamping component 21, and so that clamping component 21 is clamped workpiece, and
Push component 31 then controls the reciprocal push of clamping component 21, realizes the shifting material of workpiece.
It further explains, the feeding of workbench 11 is that workpiece is directly delivered to work by automatic charging device
Make on platform 11.
As shown in figure 3, as a preferred embodiment, the clamping component 21 includes symmetrically arranged clamping plate
211, the middle part of the clamping plate 211 is provided with several bayonets 2111 being placed equidistant with.
It should be noted that two clamping plates 211, which close up, clamps workpiece in the present embodiment, for workpiece be
Bearing ring, therefore bayonet 2111 is preferably shaped to semicircle, but the present embodiment does not limit the shape of bayonet 2111 and is only
Semicircle can be any in the shapes such as triangle, rectangular.
It further illustrates, the quantity of bayonet 2,111 one fewer than the station quantity of switching always, in the present embodiment, cuts
There are five the stations changed, then the quantity of bayonet 2111 is then four.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, as a preferred embodiment, the driving component 22 includes:
Drive installation seat 221, the drive installation seat 221 is located at the both ends of the clamping component 21, with the push
The push end of component 31 is fixedly connected；
Actuator 222, the actuator 222 are installed in the drive installation seat 221, push direction and the clamping
The length direction of plate 211 is consistent；
Connector 223, the connector 223 are fixedly installed on the push end of the actuator 222；And
Hinge bar 224, the hinge bar 224 be it is arranged symmetrically, one end and the connector 223 are hinged, the other end
It is hinged with the end of the clamping plate 211.
As shown in figure 4, further, the guidance set 23 includes:
Guide part 231, the guide part 231 is set to the lower section of 211 end of clamping plate, with the clamping plate
211 length direction horizontal vertical setting, and it is fixedly connected with the push end of the push component 31；And
Sliding part 232, the sliding part 232 are slideably positioned on the guide part 231, with the clamping plate 211
Lower end surface is fixedly connected.
It should be noted that pushing the subtended angle between the change hinge bar 224 of hinge bar 224, control folder by actuator 222
The opening and closing of tight plate 211, and clamping plate 211 then carries out guiding sliding along sliding part 232 by guide part 231.
It further illustrates, is provided with driving assembly 22 at the both ends of clamping plate 211, the actuator 222 at both ends is same
Work is walked, stability improves, and when the actuator of any side 222 damages, the actuator 222 of the other side still can make device just
Often operation a period of time.
It further explains, the actuator 222 in the present embodiment is preferably hydraulic cylinder, but in the present embodiment, not
It is confined to hydraulic cylinder, guide part 231 is preferably linear slide rail, and sliding part 232 is preferably linear slide block.
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, as a preferred embodiment, the push component 31 includes:
Side stand 311, the side stand 311 are fixedly installed on the two sides of the press machine 1；
Pushing piece 312, the pushing piece 312 are fixedly installed on the side stand 311；And
Push plate 313, the push plate 313 is fixedly installed on the push end of the pushing piece 312, with the driving component
22 and guidance set 23 be fixedly connected.
Wherein, the reciprocating stroke of the pushing piece 312 is equal to the distance between adjacent described formed punch 121.
Further, the limit assembly 32 includes the limit plate 321 for being symmetrically disposed on 21 two sides of clamping component, should
Limit plate 321 is fixedly connected with the press machine 1, the middle part is provided with limiting slot 3211, is worn in the limiting slot 3211
State clamping plate 211.
It should be noted that pushing piece 312 is preferably hydraulic cylinder, pushing piece 312 pushes clamping plate 211 back and forth to be moved
Dynamic, the push stroke of pushing piece 312 is the distance between adjacent described formed punch 121, in this way, may be implemented between different station
It further illustrates, pushing piece 312 is symmetricly set on the both ends of clamping plate 211, and the pushing piece 312 of one end pushes away
When sending, the pushing piece of the other end is then pulled back, and the pushing piece 312 at both ends works asynchronously, and stability is high, and the push of any side
When part 312 damages, the pushing piece 312 of the other side is still operable.
It further explains, actuator 222 is controlled with pushing piece 312 by numerical control box.
The course of work:
Automatic charging device carries out workpiece feeding, each impulse stroke of the formed punch 121 of press machine 1, work to workbench 11
Make a workpiece on platform 11 and is just clamped the clamping of plate 211, meanwhile, positioned at jumping-up formed punch, forming punching head and cut below the formed punch of bottom
Workpiece is also synchronized to clamp, and magnetic induction switch is housed on the actuator 222 that driving clamping plate 211 clamps, is clamped in workpiece
Signal is transmitted to numerical control box by moment, magnetic induction switch work.Numerical control box sends a signal to solenoid valve, and pushing piece 312 is made to start work
Make.One stroke of transverse shifting along its length of clamping plate 211 is driven, the workpiece on workbench 11 move material to jumping-up
When on the lower punch 131 immediately below formed punch, synchronous, the workpiece that clamping component 21 also processes jumping-up formed punch moves material to molding
Immediately below formed punch, the workpiece that forming punching head processes moves material to cutting immediately below the formed punch of bottom, cuts the workpiece that bottom formed punch processes and then moves
It discharging at material to discharging pedestal 112, above-mentioned shifting material process synchronously completes, and formed punch 121 rises to highest point at this time,
It is also provided with magnetic induction switch on pushing piece 312, when pushing piece 312 is completed to push, signal is transmitted to number by inductive switch work
Case is controlled, numerical control box issues signal control electromagnetism valve events to drive actuator 222 to work, and clamping plate 211 is opened, and workpiece is fallen,
Formed punch 121, which starts to fall, to work.Then control cabinet controls 312 counter motion of pushing piece, and clamping plate 211 resets, next
The circulation in period starts.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, is not intended to limit the utility model, all at this
Made any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements etc., should be included in the utility model within the spirit and principle of utility model
Protection scope within.