CN208190580U - A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device - Google Patents

A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208190580U
CN208190580U CN201721590778.8U CN201721590778U CN208190580U CN 208190580 U CN208190580 U CN 208190580U CN 201721590778 U CN201721590778 U CN 201721590778U CN 208190580 U CN208190580 U CN 208190580U
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China
Prior art keywords
pulley
block
motor
steering
turns
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CN201721590778.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗斌
李新富
胡纯星
薛新颖
陈�峰
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ZHEJIANG JINBEST ENERGY SECIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
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Hangzhou Sani's Energy Science And Technology Ltd Co
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Priority to CN201721590778.8U priority Critical patent/CN208190580U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning devices, it includes motor, pulley blocks, turn to sister block, traction rope, it cleans module and turns to single-sheaved block, module is cleaned across photovoltaic array, it turns to sister block and turns to the quadrangle that single-sheaved block is located at photovoltaic array, turning to sister block and turning to single-sheaved block is two groups, the line turned between sister block is parallel to cleaning module, motor, which is located at, turns to sister block line midpoint, pulley blocks include high pulley and low pulley, traction rope is wound around steering sister block, clean module, turn to single-sheaved block, high pulley, motor pulley and low pulley realize transmission.The utility model structure is simple, by the cooperation between motor, pulley blocks traction rope, the automatic cleaning for cleaning module to photovoltaic array, high reliablity are realized, failure rate is small, can satisfy the mounting means of the performance requirement and various assemblies array that clean in adverse circumstances lower component.

Description

A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning devices.
Background technique
Currently, photovoltaic power generation industry is excellent with its environmental protection, energy quality height etc. with the high speed development of photovoltaic power generation industry Point, to become a kind of new trend of domestic and international power industry, but photovoltaic module used in photovoltaic power generation is typically mounted on outdoor, And outdoor fugitive dust, haze, birds droppings etc. all can pollute and cover to the plate face of photovoltaic module, thus strong influence light Lie prostrate the transfer efficiency of component, it is therefore desirable to periodically clean to the photovoltaic face of photovoltaic module.
For the automatic cleaning for realizing photovoltaic panel, the prior art proposes various clearing apparatus, these photovoltaic modulies clean Device cleans photovoltaic panel during moving along element panels to be cleaned.But these existing clearing apparatus are logical It is often served only for the surface power station of small span array, and is had higher requirements to component mounting means and size, is difficult in large span It promotes in photovoltaic roof power station.
Utility model content
In view of the problems of the existing technology, the purpose of this utility model is that design provide a kind of photovoltaic power station component from The technical solution of dynamic clearing apparatus.
A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device, it is characterised in that including motor, pulley blocks, turn to double slide Wheel, traction rope clean module and turn to single-sheaved block, the cleaning module across photovoltaic array, the steering sister block with The quadrangle that single-sheaved block is located at photovoltaic array is turned to, the steering sister block and steering single-sheaved block are two groups, described It turns to the line between sister block and is parallel to cleaning module, the motor, which is located at, turns to sister block line midpoint, the cunning Wheel group includes the high pulley being arranged on the left of motor and the low pulley being arranged on the right side of motor, and the traction rope successively bypasses electricity Turn to sister block on the left of machine, clean the left rope card of module and turn to single-sheaved block, turn to after single-sheaved block turns to from turn to sister block around Out and around supreme pulley, then the motor pulley from high pulley on motor, further around time high pulley, and it is double around the steering on right side Pulley, then around the right rope card of cleaning module and single-sheaved block successively is turned to, it turns to and is laid out simultaneously after single-sheaved block turns to from steering sister block Motor pulley around on low pulley and motor, the then low pulley of wraparound, the steering sister block on the left of last wraparound motor are formed Closed circuit.
A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device, it is characterised in that the steering sister block and steering is single Line between pulley is equipped with support pulley and pushes pulley, and the support pulley is fixed on roof top of the slope, under described Pressure pulley is fixed on roof Po Gu, and the traction rope is wound around support pulley and pushes on pulley.
A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device, it is characterised in that ranging is set on the right side of the low pulley Pulley.
A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device, it is characterised in that the steering sister block includes dislocation The angle pulley card slot turned on sister block support is set, rotation setting angle pulley in the angle pulley card slot.
A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device, it is characterised in that the cleaning module includes top cover, Support wheel is arranged in the cap base two sides, and swipe, the swipe minimum point is fixedly installed in the middle part of the cap base Lower than support wheel minimum point.
A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device, it is characterised in that the device further includes control cabinet.
A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device, it is characterised in that side is fixedly installed in the top cover two sides Lid, the side cover are tilted towards upper end bottom fixed setting directive wheel.
A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device, it is characterised in that the swipe includes being arranged in top cover The hard swipe of soft swipe and the soft swipe two sides of setting among bottom.
The cleaning module of a kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device, it is characterised in that described including top cover Cap base two sides support wheel is set, swipe is fixedly installed in the middle part of the cap base, the swipe minimum point is lower than Support wheel minimum point.
A kind of cleaning module of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device, it is characterised in that the top cover two sides The side cover tilted upward is fixedly installed, directive wheel is fixedly installed in the side cover bottom.
The utility model structure is simple, by the cooperation between motor, pulley blocks traction rope, realizes and cleans module to light The automatic cleaning of photovoltaic array, high reliablity, failure rate is small, can satisfy the performance requirement cleaned in adverse circumstances lower component and each The mounting means of kind assembly array.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is state when photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device works;
Fig. 2 is to clean module diagram;
Fig. 3 is that modules A-A schematic cross-section is cleaned in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is that pulley blocks, motor and traction rope wind schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is each pulley, cleans module and traction rope winding schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is to turn to sister block schematic diagram;
Fig. 7 is support pulley schematic diagram;
Fig. 8 is to push pulley schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is to turn to single-sheaved block schematic diagram.
In figure: 1- motor;2- pulley blocks;3- turns to sister block;4- traction rope;5- cleans module;6- supports pulley;Under 7- Press pulley;8- turns to single-sheaved block;9- control cabinet;10- photovoltaic array;The roof 11-;101- motor pulley;21- high pulley;22- is low Pulley;23- ranging pulley;301- angle pulley;302- angle pulley card slot;303- turns to sister block support;501- rivet; 502- end cap;503- bolt;504- top cover;505- side cover;The hard swipe of 506-;The soft swipe of 507-;508- support wheel;509- guiding Wheel;601- support carriers;701- pushes support;801- turns to single-sheaved block support;802- turns to single-sheaved block card slot;803- turns to single Pulley.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is further illustrated below in conjunction with Figure of description.
As described in figures 1 and 5, a kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device includes motor 1, pulley blocks 2, turns to sister block 3, traction rope 4, cleaning module 5 and steering single-sheaved block 8.Module 5 is cleaned across photovoltaic array 10.It turns to sister block 3 and turns to single Pulley 8 is located at the quadrangle of photovoltaic array 10, and turning to sister block 3 and turning to single-sheaved block 8 is two groups, turn to sister block 3 it Between line be parallel to clean module 5, photovoltaic array 10 be arranged on roof 11, roof 11 can be planar structure, or Ridge structure (inverted V-shaped structure).Turning to the distance between sister block 3 is 10 width of photovoltaic array, turns to sister block 3 and turns to single The distance between pulley 8 is 10 length of photovoltaic array.Motor 1, which is located at, turns to 3 line midpoint of sister block, and pulley blocks 2 include setting The left side of motor 1 high pulley 21 and the low pulley 22 on 1 right side of motor is set.
Traction rope 4 successively around turning to sister block 3 on the left of motor 1, cleaning the left rope card of module 5 and turning to single-sheaved block 8, turns It lays out and around supreme pulley 21 after being turned to single-sheaved block 8 from turning to sister block 3, then the motor from high pulley 21 on motor 1 Pulley 101, further around returning high pulley 21, and the steering sister block 3 around right side, then successively around clean the right rope of module 5 card and turn To single-sheaved block 8, turns to and lay out and around to the motor pulley on low pulley 22 and motor 1 after single-sheaved block 8 turns to from turning to sister block 3 101, then the low pulley 22 of wraparound, the steering sister block 3 in last 1 left side of wraparound motor form closed circuit.Pass through 1 turn of motor It is dynamic, by the effect of each pulley and traction rope 4, realize that clean module 5 moves back and forth progress on 10 length direction of photovoltaic array It cleans.
In order to facilitate clean module 5 moved on the roof of inverted V-shaped 11, turn to sister block 3 and turn to single-sheaved block 8 it Between line be equipped with support pulley 6 and push pulley 7, support pulley 6 is fixed on 11 top of the slope of roof, pushes pulley 7 and is fixed on 11 slope paddy of roof, traction rope 4 are wound around support pulley 6 and push on pulley 7.In order to facilitate ranging, it is arranged on the right side of low pulley 22 Ranging pulley 23, ranging pulley 23 are equipped with distance measuring sensor.
Traction rope 4 after being additionally arranged support pulley 6, pushing pulley 7 and ranging pulley 23 moves towards are as follows: traction rope 4 successively around It crosses on the left of motor 1 and turns to sister block 3, the left rope card for cleaning module 5, support pulley 6, pushes pulley 7 and turn to single-sheaved block 8, turn Wraparound pushes pulley 7 and support pulley 6 after turning to single-sheaved block 8, lays out and from sister block 3 is turned to around supreme pulley 21, then from Motor pulley 101 of the high pulley 21 on motor 1, further around returning high pulley 21, and the steering sister block 3 around right side, then according to It is secondary to block around the cleaning right rope of module 5, support pulley 6, push pulley 7 and turn to single-sheaved block 8, wraparound after the steering steering of single-sheaved block 8 Pulley 7 and support pulley 6 are pushed, is laid out and from sister block 3 is turned to around to the electricity on ranging pulley 23, low pulley 22 and motor 1 Machine pulley 101, then the low pulley 22 of wraparound, the steering sister block 3 in last 1 left side of wraparound motor form closed circuit.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3,5 entirety of cleaning module is in flat, including top cover 504,504 two sides of the bottom of top cover setting branch Swipe is fixedly installed in support wheel 508,504 bottom of top cover middle part, and swipe minimum point is lower than 508 minimum point of support wheel, and swipe includes setting It sets the soft swipe 507 among 504 bottom of top cover and the hard swipe 506 of soft 507 two sides of swipe is set.In order to facilitate cleaning module 5 move on the roof of inverted V-shaped 11, and 504 two sides of top cover are by the fixed side cover 505 of rivet 501, and side cover 505 is by sheet metal bent It is made, side cover 505 is tilted towards upper end bottom fixed setting directive wheel 509.In order to reach aesthetic effect, 504 surface of top cover is fixed End cap 502.
As shown in figure 4, high pulley 21 is mounted on 1 side of motor, it is another that low pulley 22 with ranging pulley 23 is located at motor 1 Side, low pulley 22 is between motor 1 and ranging pulley 23;High pulley 21 is with low pulley 22 by two pulleys arranged side by side and support group At;Ranging pulley is made of three pulleys with ranging support, and three pulley positions are that intermediate pulley is higher, and two side rollers are low, is surveyed Away from there is distance measuring sensor mounting hole on support, the turnning circle by measuring intermediate pulley measures traction rope moving distance.
Such as scheme as described in Figure 6, turning to sister block 3 includes shifting to install turning to the angle pulley on sister block support 303 Card slot 302, rotation setting angle pulley 301, avoids interfering when traction rope installation and operation in angle pulley card slot 302.
As shown in fig. 7, support pulley 6 is made of a row or multi-row pulley, pulley is fixed on support carriers 601 by axis On.
As described in Figure 8, it pushes pulley 7 to be made of a row or multi-row pulley, pulley is fixed on by axis and pushes support 701 On, pushing support lateral section is C-shaped, passes through when cleaning module operation from its c-type is intracavitary.
As described in Figure 9, single-sheaved block 8 is turned to be made of pulley, steering single-sheaved block support 801 and steering single-sheaved block card slot 802, Pulley is fixed on by axis and is turned on single-sheaved block card slot 802, is turned to single-sheaved block card slot 802 and is fixed by screws in steering single-sheaved block On support 801.
The utility model further includes control cabinet 9, and control cabinet 9 includes orientation sensing control, ranging sensing control, sleet sensing Control resets the control units such as adjusting control;As described in Figure 1, control cabinet 9 is mounted on 1 upside of motor;Control cabinet 9 passes through control 1 positive and negative rotation of motor is realized in the direction of 1 input current of motor;Upon power-up of the system, 1 main story of motor passes through frictional force band Dynamic traction rope 4 cleans module 5 far from motor cleaning works forward;When ranging control sensor 9 reaches input numerical value, control cabinet Change 1 input current direction of motor, motor 1 inverts, and cleans module 5 and back runs cleaning works;It cleans module 5 and runs to reset When sensor position 9, control cabinet 9 controls motor stalls, cleans module from service.Since traction rope 4 is a closed loop, institute With traction rope 4, stroke is consistent everywhere, and traction rope 4 remains some tension, improves cleaning effect, while keeping cleaning module 5 It is stable.
Finally, it should be noted that the above various embodiments is only to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, rather than it is limited System;Although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, those skilled in the art should Understand: it is still possible to modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments, or to some or all of Technical characteristic is equivalently replaced;And these are modified or replaceed, it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution, and this is practical new The range of each embodiment technical solution of type.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device, it is characterised in that including motor (1), pulley blocks (2), turn to sister block (3), traction rope (4), cleaning module (5) and steering single-sheaved block (8), the cleaning module (5) is across photovoltaic array (10), institute The steering sister block (3) and steering single-sheaved block (8) stated are located at the quadrangle of photovoltaic array (10), the steering sister block It (3) is two groups with steering single-sheaved block (8), the line between the steering sister block (3), which is parallel to, cleans module (5), institute The motor (1) stated, which is located at, turns to sister block (3) line midpoint, and the pulley blocks (2) include the height being arranged on the left of motor (1) Pulley (21) and the low pulley (22) being arranged on the right side of motor (1), the traction rope (4) successively turn around on the left of motor (1) It to sister block (3), cleans the left rope card of module (5) and turns to single-sheaved block (8), turn to double sliding from turning to after single-sheaved block (8) turn to Wheel (3) lays out and around supreme pulley (21), then the motor pulley (101) from high pulley (21) on motor (1), high further around returning Pulley (21), and the steering sister block (3) around right side, then successively around the right rope card of cleaning module (5) and turn to single-sheaved block (8), it turns to and lays out from steering sister block (3) and slided around to the motor on low pulley (22) and motor (1) after single-sheaved block (8) turn to It takes turns (101), then the low pulley of wraparound (22), the steering sister block (3) on the left of last wraparound motor (1) forms closed circuit.
2. a kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the steering is double sliding The line taking turns (3) and turning between single-sheaved block (8) is equipped with support pulley (6) and pushes pulley (7), the support pulley (6) it is fixed on roof (11) top of the slope, the pushing pulley (7) is fixed on roof (11) slope paddy, the traction rope (4) winding In support pulley (6) and push on pulley (7).
3. a kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the low pulley (22) ranging pulley (23) are arranged in right side.
4. a kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device as described in claims 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that described turns It include shifting to install turning to the angle pulley card slot (302) on sister block support (303), the steering to sister block (3) Rotation setting angle pulley (301) in pulley card slot (302).
5. a kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device as described in claims 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that described is clear Sweeping module (5) includes top cover (504), and support wheel (508) are arranged in the top cover (504) two sides of the bottom, the top cover (504) Swipe is fixedly installed in the middle part of bottom, the swipe minimum point is lower than support wheel (508) minimum point.
6. a kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device as described in claims 1 or 2 or 3, it is characterised in that the device is also Including control cabinet (9).
7. a kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the top cover (504) Side cover (505) are fixedly installed in two sides, and the side cover (505) is tilted towards upper end bottom fixed setting directive wheel (509).
8. a kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the swipe includes The hard swipe (506) of soft swipe (507) among top cover (504) bottom and soft swipe (507) two sides of setting is set.
CN201721590778.8U 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device Active CN208190580U (en)

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CN201721590778.8U CN208190580U (en) 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721590778.8U CN208190580U (en) 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 A kind of photovoltaic power station component automatic cleaning device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110841941A (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-02-28 西安交通大学 Automatic steering photovoltaic cell cleaning robot and use method thereof
CN115283315A (en) * 2022-08-23 2022-11-04 浙大宁波理工学院 Obstacle-crossing cleaning device and method for photovoltaic module array

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110841941A (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-02-28 西安交通大学 Automatic steering photovoltaic cell cleaning robot and use method thereof
CN115283315A (en) * 2022-08-23 2022-11-04 浙大宁波理工学院 Obstacle-crossing cleaning device and method for photovoltaic module array

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Effective date of registration: 20201224

Address after: 311500 No. 288 Shizhu Road, Tonglu Economic Development Zone, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province

Patentee after: ZHEJIANG JINBEST ENERGY SECIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 15 / F, Huaye building, 511 Jianye Road, Binjiang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province 310052

Patentee before: HANGZHOU SUNNY ENERGY SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.