CN208116361U - A kind of detection of solar cell panel dust and cleaning systems - Google Patents

A kind of detection of solar cell panel dust and cleaning systems Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208116361U
CN208116361U CN201820231004.4U CN201820231004U CN208116361U CN 208116361 U CN208116361 U CN 208116361U CN 201820231004 U CN201820231004 U CN 201820231004U CN 208116361 U CN208116361 U CN 208116361U
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unit
microprocessor
signal
solar panel
cleaning
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CN201820231004.4U
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张会
梁晓瑜
沈平平
胡斌
凃程旭
姚燕
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China Jiliang University
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China Jiliang University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of detection of solar cell panel dust and cleaning systems.The utility model includes signal acquisition unit, control unit, driving unit, gear unit, cleaning unit and remote control center.The output voltage and output electric current of the signal acquisition unit acquisition solar panel.Control unit converses photoelectric conversion rate according to output voltage, the output electric current of solar panel, and by controlling driving unit compared with threshold value, the signal acquisition unit also acquires the temperature of solar panel.Control unit is compared to control driving unit according to the temperature level and threshold value of solar panel;The driving unit connects cleaning unit by gear unit.The utility model remotely sends data by wireless technology, can get rid of region problem, enable users to timely and effective find the problem;The equipment can clean automatically simultaneously, and cleaning effect is good, extend solar panel service life.

Description

A kind of detection of solar cell panel dust and cleaning systems
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of cleaning systems, specifically a kind of solar cell panel dust detection and cleaning systems.
Background technique
Solar energy possesses the advantages such as cleaning, environmental protection, is widely applied by people as a kind of renewable energy.Solar energy Photovoltaic generating system multidigit is in solar energy resources are abundant, land utilization ratio is low, have no occluder position, under normal conditions with sand and dust Enrichment, windy feature, the sand carried secretly in wind over time, dirt can deposit on photovoltaic module surface, this will will affect The reflectivity and transmitance of glass cover-plate on photovoltaic module, to reduce the optical conversion efficiencies of solar photovoltaic assembly.All the year round Abrasion can be generated to photovoltaic module surface by month after month getting off, to have adverse effect on to photovoltaic module optical property and service life. The shelters such as flying bird, dust, fallen leaves are inevitably fallen in long-term use, and shielded solar module can generate heat at this time, produce Raw hot spot effect.The serious destruction solar cell of this effect energy, reduces its photoelectric conversion rate, reduces making for solar panel Use the service life.
The case where for front, the method solved at present have:1, it is cleaned using artificial watering, the disadvantage is that waste water resource, Waste of manpower and speed is slow;2, intelligent robot cleaning solar energy cell plate, the disadvantage is that at high cost, low efficiency, reliability are low;3, Current solar energy cleaning system cleaning dynamics is low, availability is not high.
Summary of the invention
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of detection of solar cell panel dust and cleaning systems System.
Solar cell panel dust detection and cleaning systems, including signal acquisition unit, control unit, driving unit, biography Moving cell, cleaning unit and remote control center;
The output voltage and output electric current of the signal acquisition unit acquisition solar panel.Control unit is according to the sun Output voltage, the output electric current of energy solar panel converse photoelectric conversion rate, and by controlling driving unit compared with threshold value, The signal acquisition unit also acquires the temperature of solar panel.Control unit is according to the temperature level of solar panel Control driving unit is compared to threshold value;The driving unit connects cleaning unit by gear unit;The long-range control The remote controlled system in center processed is opened, is closed, time opening is closed, drives or stop driving, and user is facilitated to monitor in real time;Institute Signal acquisition unit and control unit is stated to communicate by wireless router and the remote control center.
The signal acquisition unit includes the first microprocessor with radio-frequency enabled, power supply, the first transformation chip, first LED light, the first buzzer, first antenna, the first temperature sensor and Current Voltage acquisition module.
The power supply is provided by solar panels, is acquired by the first transformation chip to first microprocessor and Current Voltage Module for power supply;The signal output end of Current Voltage acquisition module is connect with first microprocessor signal input part, and the first temperature passes The signal output port of sensor and the signal input part of first microprocessor connect, the first LED light and the first buzzer letter Number input port connects the signal output end of first microprocessor, and first antenna is connected with first microprocessor.
Described control unit includes having radio-frequency enabled and the second microprocessor of analog-digital conversion function, servo motor, rolling Axis, detection resistance, pressure stabilizing and filter circuit, optocoupler, silicon-controlled, the second antenna, the first transformer, the second transformation chip, second LED light, the second buzzer.
The control unit provides power supply by solar panels, is powered by the first transformer to servo motor, servo electricity Machine is connect with roller bearing, and the detection resistance and the sensor gear of servo motor for detecting roller positions are co-axially mounted, detection resistance Output end connect with the input terminal of pressure stabilizing and filter circuit, the letter of the output end and the second microprocessor of pressure stabilizing and filter circuit Number processing port connection;First transformer is connect with the second transformation chip, and solar panel passes through the first transformer The second microprocessor power supply is given with the second transformation chip;The control terminal of second microprocessor and the input terminal of optocoupler connect, optocoupler Output end and silicon-controlled connection, silicon-controlled output end connect with servo motor, SCR control servo motor positive and negative rotation;The Two LED lights and the second buzzer signal input port connect the signal output end of the second microprocessor, the second antenna and second Microprocessor is connected.
The gear unit includes driving chain and gear, is connect with driving unit, and the power for being driven moving cell output drives Dynamic gear unit movement.
The cleaning unit is made of water filling port, water outlet, roller bearing, left rain brush and right rain brush, the first roller bearing and rain Brush device can two-way cleaning solar battery plate surface, using detachable assembly.
Furtherly, the threshold value includes photoelectric conversion rate drive threshold, photoelectric conversion rate stopping drive threshold;Temperature is driven Dynamic threshold value and temperature stop drive threshold.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:1. remotely sending data by wireless technology, region problem can be got rid of, user is made It timely and effective can find the problem;2. the equipment can be powered by solar panel;3. the equipment can clean automatically, and clean effect Fruit is good, extends solar panel service life;4. the equipment manufacturing cost is cheap, far below the price of robot in the market.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the solar cell panel dust detection and the overall structure diagram of cleaning systems of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the solar cell panel dust detection and the structural representation of cleaning systems signal acquisition unit of the utility model Figure;
Fig. 3 be the utility model solar cell panel dust detection and cleaning systems acquisition signal and with threshold value comparison Flow diagram;
Fig. 4 is the solar cell panel dust detection and the structural schematic diagram of cleaning systems control unit of the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the solar cell panel dust detection and the flow diagram of cleaning systems control unit of the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the solar cell panel dust detection and cleaning systems overall flow schematic diagram of the utility model.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described further with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
Referring to Fig. 1, the solar cell panel dust detection of the utility model and cleaning systems include:Control unit 1 is driven Moving cell 2, gear unit 3, signal acquisition unit 4, cleaning unit 5 and remote control center.Wherein cleaning unit includes:Water filling Mouth 5.1, water outlet 5.2, roller bearing 5.3, right rain brush 5.4, left rain brush 5.5.
The remote control center has the function of time opening, closes system, and the time can self-setting.Long-range control circle Face shows the working condition of the photoelectric conversion rate of solar panel, temperature information and the system, and user is facilitated to be closed in real time Note and long-range control.
The detection signal of the signal acquisition unit is the temperature of solar panel and the electricity of solar panel output Piezoelectricity flow valuve, calculates the output power of solar panel, and then obtains photoelectric conversion rate.Referring to Fig. 2, the letter Number acquisition unit includes the first microprocessor with radio-frequency enabled, power supply, the first transformation chip, the first LED light, first Buzzer, first antenna, the first temperature sensor and Current Voltage acquisition module.The power supply is provided by solar panels, is led to The first transformation chip is crossed to power to first microprocessor and Current Voltage acquisition module;The signal of Current Voltage acquisition module exports End is connect with first microprocessor signal input part, the signal output port of the first temperature sensor and the letter of first microprocessor The connection of number input terminal, the first LED light and the first buzzer signal input port connect the signal output end of first microprocessor, First antenna is connected with first microprocessor.
Referring to Fig. 3, PAN network is found and be added to signal acquisition unit first, agree to detect whether after networking wireless Router is sent to the wireless signal of oneself;Application does not succeed, continuation application is returned to, until applying successfully.Work as reception To after the wireless signal of wireless router, start read sensing chip signal and by wireless router be sent to control unit with Remote control center, while green LEDs are driven, the signal of acquisition convert and by controlling with long-range by control unit The threshold value of center setting compares, if it is detected that any signal value is more than threshold value, buzzer is sounded an alarm, red LED lamp Flashing feux rouges is issued, while signal, drive system carry out next step operation to driving unit based on the received.
Referring to Fig. 4, described control unit includes second microprocessor with radio-frequency enabled and analog-digital conversion function, watches It takes motor, roller bearing, detect position detection resistance, pressure stabilizing and the filter circuit of roller positions, optocoupler, silicon-controlled, the second antenna, the One transformer, the second transformation chip, the second LED light, the second buzzer.The control unit provides electricity by solar panels Source is powered by the first transformer to servo motor, and servo motor is connect with roller bearing, for detecting the detection resistance of roller positions It is co-axially mounted with the sensor gear of servo motor, the output end of detection resistance is connect with the input terminal of pressure stabilizing and filter circuit, surely Pressure and the output end of filter circuit and the signal processing port of the second microprocessor are connect;First transformer and second becomes Chip connection is pressed, solar panel gives the second microprocessor power supply by the first transformer and the second transformation chip;Second is micro- The control terminal of processor is connect with the input terminal of the first optocoupler, and the output end of the first optocoupler and silicon-controlled connection, silicon-controlled is defeated Outlet is connect with first servo motor, SCR control servo motor positive and negative rotation;Second LED light and the second buzzer signal Input port connects the signal output end of first microprocessor, and the second antenna is connected with the second microprocessor.
Referring to Fig. 5, PAN network is found and be added to control unit, agree to detect whether that wireless router is sent after networking To the wireless signal of oneself;Application does not succeed, continuation application is returned to, until applying successfully.When receiving wireless routing After the wireless signal of device, output motor controls signal, and control motor running drives roller bearing, rain brush sliding to be cleaned, in real time Detection roller positions line position of going forward side by side sets judgement, if driving green LEDs simultaneously carry out other behaviour after roller positions reach station Make.
Referring to Fig. 6, the solar cell panel dust detection of the utility model and cleaning systems overall flow schematic diagram.It is first First by the remote control center time opening system, PAN network is found and be added to signal acquisition unit, when receiving wireless routing After the wireless signal of device, starts the signal for reading sensing chip and be sent in control unit and long-range control by wireless router The heart, information can be shown on remote control center interface.Control unit by the signal of acquisition carry out conversion and by with it is remote The threshold value of process control center setting(Photoelectric conversion rate threshold value and temperature threshold)It compares, if it is detected that any signal value is super Threshold value is crossed, buzzer sounds an alarm, and red LED lamp issues flashing feux rouges, while driving unit signal based on the received, drives Dynamic system is driven, and makes gear unit that cleaning unit be driven to be cleaned, and controls roller bearing position by control unit in cleaning process It sets.After cleaning a work round, control unit carries out threshold value comparison again, stops driving if in threshold range.
Show that above content is represented by following steps according to step format:
Step 1:Remote control center time opening system;
Step 2:Signal acquisition unit acquires solar panel output current signal, output voltage signal and temperature letter Number;
Step 3:The signal of acquisition is compared with threshold value and carries out discontinuity training in rotation by control unit;
Step 4:If wherein a signal is more than threshold value, driving unit is controlled, makes gear unit that cleaning unit be driven to carry out Cleaning;
Step 5:After cleaning a work round, circulation step 2-5;
Step 6:System is closed in remote control center timing.
Threshold value in the step 3 includes photoelectric conversion rate drive threshold η1, photoelectric conversion rate stop drive threshold η2;Temperature Spend drive threshold T1, temperature stop drive threshold T2

Claims (1)

1. a kind of detection of solar cell panel dust and cleaning systems, it is characterised in that including signal acquisition unit, control unit, Driving unit, gear unit, cleaning unit and remote control center;
The output voltage and output electric current of the signal acquisition unit acquisition solar panel;Control unit is according to solar-electricity Output voltage, the output electric current of pond plate converse photoelectric conversion rate, and by controlling driving unit compared with threshold value, described Signal acquisition unit also acquire the temperature of solar panel;Control unit is according to the temperature level and threshold of solar panel Value is compared to control driving unit;The driving unit connects cleaning unit by gear unit;In the long-range control The remote controlled system of the heart is opened, is closed, time opening is closed, drives or stop driving, and user is facilitated to monitor in real time;The letter Number acquisition unit and control unit are communicated by wireless router and the remote control center;
The signal acquisition unit includes the first microprocessor with radio-frequency enabled, power supply, the first transformation chip, the first LED Indicator light, the first buzzer, first antenna, the first temperature sensor and Current Voltage acquisition module;
The power supply is provided by solar panels, by the first transformation chip to first microprocessor and Current Voltage acquisition module Power supply;The signal output end of Current Voltage acquisition module is connect with first microprocessor signal input part, the first temperature sensor Signal output port and first microprocessor signal input part connect, the first LED light and the first buzzer signal are defeated Inbound port connects the signal output end of first microprocessor, and first antenna is connected with first microprocessor;
Described control unit includes having radio-frequency enabled and the second microprocessor of analog-digital conversion function, servo motor, roller bearing, inspection Measuring resistance, pressure stabilizing and filter circuit, optocoupler, silicon-controlled, the second antenna, the first transformer, the second transformation chip, the 2nd LED refer to Show lamp, the second buzzer;
The control unit provides power supply by solar panels, by the first transformer give servo motor power, servo motor with Roller bearing connection, detection resistance and the sensor gear of servo motor for detecting roller positions are co-axially mounted, detection resistance it is defeated Outlet is connect with the input terminal of pressure stabilizing and filter circuit, at the signal of the output end and the second microprocessor of pressure stabilizing and filter circuit Manage port connection;First transformer is connect with the second transformation chip, and solar panel passes through the first transformer and the Two transformation chips give the second microprocessor power supply;The input terminal of the control terminal of second microprocessor and optocoupler connects, optocoupler it is defeated Outlet and silicon-controlled connection, silicon-controlled output end are connect with servo motor, SCR control servo motor positive and negative rotation;Second LED light and the second buzzer signal input port connect the signal output end of the second microprocessor, the second antenna and second micro- Processor is connected;
The gear unit includes driving chain and gear, is connect with driving unit, and the power drive for being driven moving cell output passes Moving cell movement;
The cleaning unit is made of water filling port, water outlet, roller bearing, left rain brush and right rain brush, and roller bearing and rain brush can be double To cleaning solar battery plate surface, using detachable assembly.
CN201820231004.4U 2018-02-09 2018-02-09 A kind of detection of solar cell panel dust and cleaning systems Active CN208116361U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820231004.4U CN208116361U (en) 2018-02-09 2018-02-09 A kind of detection of solar cell panel dust and cleaning systems

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820231004.4U CN208116361U (en) 2018-02-09 2018-02-09 A kind of detection of solar cell panel dust and cleaning systems

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110314915A (en) * 2018-03-30 2019-10-11 深圳光峰科技股份有限公司 A kind of dust prevention system and projection device
CN111438116A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-07-24 建德林欣新能源科技有限公司 Deashing collection device of photovoltaic board

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110314915A (en) * 2018-03-30 2019-10-11 深圳光峰科技股份有限公司 A kind of dust prevention system and projection device
CN111438116A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-07-24 建德林欣新能源科技有限公司 Deashing collection device of photovoltaic board

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