CN208017676U - A kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient - Google Patents

A kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208017676U
CN208017676U CN201721192396.XU CN201721192396U CN208017676U CN 208017676 U CN208017676 U CN 208017676U CN 201721192396 U CN201721192396 U CN 201721192396U CN 208017676 U CN208017676 U CN 208017676U
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
wheelchair
push rod
support plate
horizontal
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CN201721192396.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
桑凌峰
章文通
田宝
卢辉
曲尚辉
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Ningbo Institute Of Intelligent Manufacturing Industry
Zhejiang Yu Yu Intelligent Robot Co Ltd
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Ningbo Institute Of Intelligent Manufacturing Industry
Zhejiang Yu Yu Intelligent Robot Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to rehabilitation medicine equipment field, and in particular to a kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient, including:Rotation side plate, bearing plate, leg plate, backboard, horizontal stand, rotary electric push rod on the upside of support plate, polished rod, pin joint and support plate and horizontal electric push rod;The rear side of bearing plate has backrest link block, having on backrest link block makes backboard insertion and backrest sliding slot moving up and down, on the fixing end hinged support plate of rotary electric push rod, push rod end is hinged on rotation side plate, and horizontal stand includes front stop lever and two guide rails, has horizontal concrete chute in support plate, two guide rails are moved forward and backward along two horizontal concrete chutes respectively, the fixing end of horizontal electric push rod is articulated in support plate, and push rod end is articulated on front stop lever, and front stop lever withstands on the lower surface of leg plate.The wheelchair of the utility model can free transition state, patient is transported by the way of front and back transhipment, more meets ergonomics, reduces the secondary injury to patient in transport process.

Description

A kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient
Technical field
The utility model belongs to rehabilitation medicine equipment technical field, and in particular to a kind of wheel for front and back transhipment patient Chair.
Background technology
Wheelchair is to attend to the patient, and auxiliary patient carries out commonly used important tool in rehabilitation or medical procedure. Since patient's action is inconvenient, patient is exactly transported through by the maximum problem that attends to the patient between wheelchair and care bed, passes The lift mode of embracing of system needs nursing staff to have larger muscle power, and embraces lift and be easy to cause secondary injury in the process.
How patient can be completed into the transhipment between wheelchair and care bed under a comfortable posture and will not It is the important topic that we study to cause secondary injury.
Utility model content
The problem of the utility model is transported arduously for tradition in the prior art and can cause secondary injury, and research and design It is a kind of to operate the wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient realized and transported automatically between wheelchair and care bed by front-rear direction.
Technical solution adopted by the utility model to solve its technical problems is:
A kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient, which is characterized in that including:Two support plates that are symmetrical set, even Connect the rotation side plate on the upside of two polished rods, pin joint and the support plate of the front and back setting of two support plates of left and right and the rotating side The leg plate of the connected bearing plate of plate and the bearing plate pin joint is arranged and is propped up in the backboard of the bearing plate rear end, level Frame, rotary electric push rod and horizontal electric push rod;The rear side of the bearing plate has backrest link block, on the backrest link block With making the backboard be inserted into and backrest sliding slot moving up and down, the bearing plate are rotated around the polished rod, the rotation The fixing end of electric pushrod is hinged in the support plate, and push rod end is hinged on the rotation side plate, and the horizontal stand includes Two guide rails that the front stop lever front-rear direction that left and right directions extends extends have horizontal concrete chute, two guide rails in the support plate The horizontal concrete chute in two support plates is moved forward and backward respectively, and the fixing end of the horizontal electric push rod is articulated with the support On plate, push rod end is articulated on the front stop lever, and the front stop lever withstands on the lower surface of the leg plate.
Further, the wheelchair further includes walking component, and the walking component includes front wheels and rear wheels, before installation is described The front wheel carrier of wheel is fixed on the horizontal stand, and the trailing wheel is mounted on the guide rail.
Further, pedal support is fixed on the horizontal stand, the end of the pedal support is equipped with foot pedal.
Further, the hinge joint of the rotary electric push rod and rotation side plate is far from the rotation side plate and the support The pin joint point of plate.
Further, the top of the support plate is fixed with handrail.
Further, the fixing end of the rotary electric push rod is fixed on the supporting plate by a push rod mounting base.
Further, there is seat cushion on the bearing plate.
Further, the backrest postlaminar part is also equipped with pushing handle.
A kind of advantageous effect of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient of the utility model is:
1, by the flexible angle change that can be achieved between support plate and leg plate of rotary electric push rod, with adapt to will be sick Transhipment of the people between care bed and wheelchair.
2, horizontal electric push rod makes walking component have the function of front and back adjustment, according to difference the case where user, rationally Position is adjusted, wheelchair center of gravity is adjusted, makes the safer stabilization of wheelchair, and adjustment mode is simple.
3, the angle-regulation structure of this wheelchair and front and back adjustment structure are all made of an electric pushrod, not only reduce into This, while having prevented the stuck phenomenon generated by left and right installation error.
4, backboard can be pulled upwardly or push down on according to the working condition difference of wheelchair, ensure that backrest is not in transport process Can influence to transport, when wheelchair state, is pulled upwardly backrest so that patient do it is comfortable.
5, it will be arranged before and after care bed and wheelchair, be put forward for the first time the front and back thinking transported, make joint of the patient along body It slowly transports, patient is more comfortable in transport process, and secondary injury is not present.
Description of the drawings
Utility model will be further described in detail below with reference to the attached drawings and specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 is the stereoscopic mechanism figure for the wheelchair being used in combination with the care bed of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the part-structure figure for the wheelchair that the care bed of the utility model embodiment is used in combination;
Fig. 3 is the supporting board separation structure figure of wheelchair;
Fig. 4 is the bearing plate and backrest connecting board structure figure of wheelchair;
Fig. 5 is a kind of three-dimensional structure diagram of care bed for front and back transhipment patient of the utility model;
Fig. 6 is the raising part-structure figure of the care bed of the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 7 is the state diagram since care bed is transported to wheelchair;
Fig. 8 is to transport to terminate state diagram from care bed to wheelchair;
Fig. 9 is the state diagram since wheelchair is transported to care bed.
In figure:21, support plate, 21-1, horizontal concrete chute, 22, polished rod, 23, rotation side plate, 24, bearing plate, 25, leg plate, 26, backboard, 27, horizontal stand, 27-1, front stop lever, 27-2, guide rail, 28, rotary electric push rod, 29, backrest link block, 29- 1, backrest sliding slot, 210, horizontal electric push rod, 211, front-wheel, 212, trailing wheel, 213, front wheel carrier, 214, pedal support, 215, foot Pedal, 216, handrail, 217, push rod mounting base, 218, seat cushion, 219, pushing handle, 11, chassis, 12, upper support frame, 13, preceding branch Bracing plate assembly, 13-1, the second rotary steering plate, 14, middle support plate, 15, rear bearing sheet component, 15-1, third rotary steering Plate, 16, raising rotation axis, 17, raising electric pushrod, 18, preceding electric pushrod, 19, rear electric pushrod, the 110, first drive link, 111, the second drive link, 112, push rod connecting rod, 113, driving connecting rod, the 114, first rotary steering plate, 115, driving front roller, 116, mattress, 117, transmission belt, 118, rear live-roller, 119, universal wheel, 120, preceding roller motor, 121, rear roller motor, 122, in Between holder.
Specific implementation mode
The utility model is described in further detail presently in connection with attached drawing.These attached drawings are simplified schematic diagram, Only illustrate the basic structure of the utility model in a schematic way, therefore it only shows composition related with the utility model.
Fig. 1-Fig. 4 show the wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient of the utility model embodiment, mainly in conjunction with Fig. 5 It is used with the care bed of Fig. 6, the common transhipment for realizing patient between bed transport and wheelchair.
Set wheelchair in the present embodiment and be placed on the front end of bed transport, i.e., people's seat on wheelchair towards direction be before, Left and right directions is with people's seat for reference on wheelchair.
Wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient as Figure 1-Figure 4, including:Two support plates 21 that are symmetrical set, The rotation side plate 23 of 21 upside of two polished rods 22, pin joint and support plate of the front and back setting of two support plates 21 of connection left and right and rotation The connected bearing plate 24 of side plate 23, with the leg plate 25 of 24 pin joint of bearing plate, be arranged 24 rear end of bearing plate backboard 26, Horizontal stand 27, rotary electric push rod 28 and horizontal electric push rod 210;The rear side of bearing plate 24 has backrest link block 29, leans on Having on back of the body link block 29 makes backboard 26 be inserted into and backrest sliding slot 29-1 moving up and down, and bearing plate 24 is around 22 turns of polished rod Dynamic, the fixing end of rotary electric push rod 28 is hinged in support plate 21, and push rod end is hinged on rotation side plate 23, horizontal stand 27 include the two guide rail 27-2 that the front stop lever 27-1 that left and right directions extends and front-rear direction extend, and has level in support plate 21 The horizontal concrete chute 21-1 of sliding slot 21-1, two guide rail 27-2 respectively in two support plates 21 is moved forward and backward, horizontal electric push rod 210 Fixing end is articulated in support plate 21, and push rod end is articulated on front stop lever 27-1, and front stop lever 27-1 withstands on the following table of leg plate 25 Face.
Wherein, wheelchair further includes walking component, and walking component includes front-wheel 211 and trailing wheel 212, before installing front-wheel 211 Wheel carrier 213 is fixed on horizontal stand 27, and trailing wheel 212 is mounted on guide rail 27-2.
In the present embodiment, it is fixed with pedal support 214 on horizontal stand 27, the end of pedal support 214 is equipped with foot-operated Plate 215.
Preferably, pin of the hinge joint far from rotation side plate 23 Yu support plate 21 of rotary electric push rod 28 and rotation side plate 23 Contact.
In the present embodiment, the top of support plate 21 is fixed with handrail 216.
In the present embodiment, the fixing end of rotary electric push rod 28 is fixed on by a push rod mounting base 217 in support plate 21.
Specifically, seat cushion 218 is fixed on weighing plate.
The motion principle of wheelchair frame mechanism:Horizontal electric push rod 210, which pushes away, stretches movement, makes guide rail 27-2 in horizontal concrete chute It is slided in 21-1, the walking component of wheelchair integrally moves backward, and waiting moves to position undetermined, and horizontal electric push rod 210 stops Movement.
Care bed for front and back transhipment patient as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, including:Chassis 11, intermediate support 122, upper branch Support 12, the front end panel component 13 being arranged on upper support frame 12, middle support plate 14 and rear bearing sheet component 15, both ends pass through Bearing is erected at two raising rotation axis 16, raising electric pushrod 17, preceding electric pushrod 18 and rear electric pushrod on chassis 11 19;Middle support plate 14 is hinged with rear bearing sheet component 15;It is symmetrically arranged with two first drive links 110 in raising rotation axis 16, rises It rises and also sets up the second drive link 111 in rotation axis 16, be wherein provided with push rod connecting rod 112 in the raising rotation axis 16 of front end, First drive link 110, the second drive link 111 and push rod connecting rod 112 are vertical with raising rotation axis 16;Two raising rotation axis 16 are separately positioned on the front and back end of chassis 11, and transmission is also connected between the second drive link 111 that rear and front end is correspondingly arranged and is connected Extension bar 113;The fixing end of raising electric pushrod 17 is hinged on chassis 11, and push rod end is hinged in push rod connecting rod 112;First The end of drive link 110 is hinged with the lower end of intermediate support 122;The fixing end of preceding electric pushrod 18 is hinged on intermediate support 122 On, push rod end is hinged on front end panel component 13;The fixing end of electric pushrod 19 is hinged on intermediate support 122 afterwards, push rod End is hinged on rear bearing sheet component 15;The end of front end panel component 13 is connected with the first rotary steering plate 114, left and right two the Driving front roller 115 is provided between one rotary steering plate 114, driving front roller 115 is rotatably erected at two first rotation of left and right On guide plate 114;The end set of rear bearing sheet component 15 has the rear live-roller 118 parallel with driving front roller 115;Front end panel The upside of component 13, middle support plate 14 and rear bearing sheet component 15 has mattress 116, and one end of transmission belt 117 is wound on forward pass On dynamic roller 115, centre is around 116 top of mattress, and the other end is on rear live-roller 118.
More comfortable with human contact in order to keep transmission belt 117 softer, cloth transmission can be used in transmission belt 117.
Wherein, front end panel component 13 includes the second rotary steering plate 13-1 being arranged in its front end, the second rotary steering 114 pin joint of plate 13-1 and the first rotary steering plate.
Wherein, rear bearing sheet component 15 includes the third rotary steering plate 15-1 of setting its rear end, and rear live-roller 118 passes through Bearing is erected on two symmetrically arranged third rotary steering plate 15-1.
In order to keep transmission more stable, all had between the first drive link 110, the second drive link 111 and push rod connecting rod 112 Certain angle.
Preferably, driving front roller 115 is erected at by bearing on the first rotary steering plate 114.
In the present embodiment, in order to facilitate the movement of bed transport, four angles of the downside of chassis 11 are also equipped with universal wheel 119。
Specifically, care bed further include respectively drive driving front roller 115 and rear live-roller 118 preceding roller motor 120 and after Roller motor 121.
Bed surface lifting operation principle be:Raising electric pushrod 17 drives raising rotation axis 16 by push rod connecting rod 112 Rotation, and then drive and be fixed on the first drive link 110 and the rotation of the second drive link 111 in raising rotation axis 16, the second of front end Torsion is passed to the second drive link 111 of rear end by drive link 111 by driving connecting rod 113, at this time the two of front-end and back-end Second drive link 111 is done to be moved with track at the same speed, is pushed upper support frame 12 to move up and down, is achieved the effect that lifting.
In the present embodiment, mattress 116 is designed using a monoblock, during exercise 116 changeability of mattress, can be in the machine of simplifying In the case of structure, achieve the effect that transhipment.
In the present embodiment, as described in Figure 1,26 rear portion of backboard is also equipped with pushing handle 219.
The lifting of the bed transport of the present embodiment is symmetrically pushed using single electric pushrod, will not be caused because of left and right installation error Stuck phenomenon.
In the present embodiment, care bed bed surface, can be according to patient size by two front and back two pieces of panels of electric pushrod control Difference is rationally adjusted.
Illustrate the course of work that patient is transported between bed transport and wheelchair with reference to Fig. 7-Fig. 9:
Patient is transported to care bed from wheelchair:Such as Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, preceding electric pushrod 18 pushes front end panel component 13 To certain angle, while rear electric pushrod 19 pushes rear bearing sheet component 15 to rotate up to keep lathe bed angled, driving front Roller 115 and rear live-roller 118 rotate simultaneously, and transmission belt 117 is driven to start to drive patient to the end motion with wheelchair, patient Foot and leg run first to the leg plate 25 of wheelchair, the movement of lathe bed elevating mechanism reaches proper height, at this time before electric pushrod Front end panel component 13 is pushed to certain angle by 18, while rear electric pushrod 19 pushes rear bearing sheet component 15 to rotate up, Patient posterior moves on the seat cushion 218 of wheelchair, and rotary electric push rod 28 pushes rotation side plate 23 to be rotated, and patient is made to sit Just, transhipment of the patient from care bed to wheelchair is realized.
It is transported from wheelchair to care bed:As shown in figure 9, patient is leaned against backward on front end panel component 13, at the same it is preceding electronic Front end panel component 13 is returned to level by push rod 18, while rear electric pushrod 19 pushes rear bearing sheet 21 to be rotated down, until User is in lying position, and driving front roller 115 and rear live-roller 118 move simultaneously, and transmission belt 117 is driven to start to far from wheelchair Direction operating, transmission belt 117 start drive patient move backward, rotary electric push rod 28 push rotation side plate 23 be carried out at the same time Rotation, patient progressively disengage seat cushion 218, patient are integrally transported on care bed.
The utility model care bed is used in combination with wheelchair, realizes the transhipment of patient by the way of front and back transhipment for the first time, Patient transporting relative to left and right, transhipment direction is corresponding with the setting of human synovial so that patient is most comfortable in transport process, And secondary injury will not be caused, meet ergonomic design.
Backboard 26 can be pulled upwardly or push down on according to the working condition difference of wheelchair, ensure that backrest is not in transport process It can influence to transport, when wheelchair state is pulled upwardly backrest, so that patient's seat is comfortable.
It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described above is only used for explaining the utility model, it is not used to limit this reality With novel.By the utility model the obvious changes or variations extended out of spirit still in the utility model protection Among range.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient, which is characterized in that including:Two support plates (21) that are symmetrical set, Two polished rods (22), pin joint and the rotation side plate on the upside of the support plate (21) of the front and back setting of connection two support plates of left and right (21) (23), the leg plate (25) of the bearing plate (24) and the bearing plate (24) pin joint that are connected with the rotation side plate (23), setting In the backboard (26) of the bearing plate (24) rear end, horizontal stand (27), rotary electric push rod (28) and horizontal electric push rod (210);The rear side of the bearing plate (24) has backrest link block (29), and having on the backrest link block (29) makes described lean on Backboard (26) is inserted into and backrest sliding slot moving up and down (29-1), and the bearing plate (24) rotates around the polished rod (22), institute The fixing end for stating rotary electric push rod (28) is hinged on the support plate (21), and push rod end is hinged on the rotation side plate (23) On, the horizontal stand (27) includes the two guide rail (27- that the front stop lever (27-1) that left and right directions extends and front-rear direction extend 2), there is horizontal concrete chute (21-1), two guide rails (27-2) are respectively along two support plates (21) on the support plate (21) On horizontal concrete chute (21-1) be moved forward and backward, the fixing end of the horizontal electric push rod (210) is articulated with the support plate (21) On, push rod end is articulated on the front stop lever (27-1), and the front stop lever (27-1) withstands on the lower surface of the leg plate (25).
2. a kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the wheelchair further includes Walking component, the walking component includes front-wheel (211) and trailing wheel (212), installs the front wheel carrier (213) of the front-wheel (211) It is fixed on the horizontal stand (27), the trailing wheel (212) is mounted on the guide rail (27-2).
3. a kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the horizontal stand (27) pedal support (214) is fixed on, the end of the pedal support (214) is equipped with foot pedal (215).
4. a kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the rotary electric pushes away Pin joint point of the hinge joint far from the rotation side plate (23) Yu the support plate (21) of bar (28) and rotation side plate (23).
5. a kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the support plate (21) Top be fixed with handrail (216).
6. a kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the rotary electric pushes away The fixing end of bar (28) is fixed on by a push rod mounting base (217) in support plate (21).
7. a kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the bearing plate (24) It is upper that there is seat cushion (218).
8. a kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the backboard (26) Rear portion is also equipped with pushing handle (219).
CN201721192396.XU 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 A kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient Active CN208017676U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721192396.XU CN208017676U (en) 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 A kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721192396.XU CN208017676U (en) 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 A kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208017676U true CN208017676U (en) 2018-10-30

Family

ID=63896721

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721192396.XU Active CN208017676U (en) 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 A kind of wheelchair for front and back transhipment patient

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208017676U (en)

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