A kind of fruit washing machine
The utility model is related to food processing technology fields, and in particular to a kind of fruit washing machine.
It is cleaned before garden stuff processing, not only labor intensity is big but also cleaning quality can not be protected for artificial cleaning fruits and vegetables
Card, modern industry mostly use fruit washing machine and are cleaned to fruits and vegetables.But in the prior art, there are water on its surface after fruits and vegetables cleaning
Point, moist fruits and vegetables are easy to occur to rot, and make the reduction of fruits and vegetables quality, to cause serious waste and economic loss.
Therefore, how a kind of fruit washing machine that can remove remaining moisture on fruit and vegetable surfaces is provided, is people in the art
Member is badly in need of the technical issues of solving.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of fruit washing machine, can remove the moisture of fruit and vegetable surfaces after cleaning, prevents
Only fruits and vegetables occur to rot, and ensure fruits and vegetables quality.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides a kind of fruit washing machine, which is characterized in that including cleaning fruits and vegetables
Cleaning device and set on the cleaning device rear end to the drying device of dry fruits and vegetables.
Preferably, the drying device is air-dry machine, and the air-dry machine is equipped with to convey the first conveyer belt of fruits and vegetables, institute
The first conveyer belt is stated to be equipped with to blow off the wind turbine of fruit and vegetable surfaces moisture.
Preferably, the drying device further includes the vibration water-strainer for tentatively removing fruit and vegetable surfaces moisture, described to shake
Dynamic water-strainer is equipped with to hold the drainage chassis of fruits and vegetables, and the drainage chassis is supported by vibrating spring, and the drainage chassis connects
It is useful so that the drainage chassis generates the vibrating motor of vibration.
Preferably, the outlet of the wind turbine is equipped with the heating device to heat drying wind.
Preferably, the cleaning device includes thick cleaning device, and the thick cleaning device rear end is equipped with seminal plasma cleaning device.
Preferably, the thick cleaning device is spray brush unit, and the spray brush unit includes to cleaning showers
The thick of liquid washes nozzle, it is described it is thick wash to be equipped with below nozzle can rotate to clean the hairbrush of fruits and vegetables.
Preferably, the seminal plasma cleaning device is bubble surfing device, and the bubble surfing device includes generating bubble
Foaming layer, the foaming layer rear end is equipped with to form the surfing inclined-plane of flow, on the foaming layer and the surfing inclined-plane
Side is designed with the fine purifiation nozzle to spray water flow.
Preferably, further include fruits and vegetables to be delivered to the conveying device of cleaning device；The conveying device, which is equipped with, to be promoted
Inclined-plane, the lift slope front end is being put into the feeding groove of fruits and vegetables, the rear end of the lift slope and above-mentioned cleaning device phase
Even, the feeding groove and the lift slope are equipped with the second conveyer belt.
Preferably, the drying device rear end is equipped with fruits and vegetables to be delivered to the high-order feeding dress of charge cask entrance
It sets, the high position feed device includes feeding inclined-plane, and the feeding surface bottom is equipped with blanking groove, and the feeding inclined-plane is equipped with
Third conveyer belt.
Preferably, the high-order feed device side is equipped with the sub-material mouth that can be switched, and sub-material mouth bottom, which is equipped with, to be used
With the detection device whether detection container is filled, the detection device is connected with to control the executive device of the sub-material mouth switch
It is connected.
Fruit washing machine provided by the utility model is equipped with drying device, and drying device can remove fruits and vegetables after fruits and vegetables cleaning
Moisture on surface, to prevent fruits and vegetables from rotting because surface is there are moisture.
Description of the drawings
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment
Or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only
It is the embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without creative efforts, also
Other attached drawings can be obtained according to the attached drawing of offer.
Fig. 1 is by a kind of structural schematic diagram for the fruit washing machine that specific implementation mode provides in the utility model；
Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-section that water-strainer is vibrated in Fig. 1；
Fig. 3 is the diagrammatic cross-section that water-strainer is vibrated in Fig. 1；
Fig. 4 is the front view of air-dry machine in Fig. 1；
Fig. 5 is the side view of air-dry machine in Fig. 1；
Fig. 6 is the front view that brush unit is sprayed in Fig. 1；
Fig. 7 is the side view that brush unit is sprayed in Fig. 1；
Fig. 8 is the front view of bubble surfing device in Fig. 1；
Fig. 9 is the side view of bubble surfing device in Fig. 1；
Figure 10 is the front view of conveying device in Fig. 1；
Figure 11 is the side view of conveying device in Fig. 1；
Figure 12 is the front view of high-order feed device in Fig. 1；
Figure 13 is the side view of high-order feed device in Fig. 1.
Specific implementation mode
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model
Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole
Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work
The every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In order to make those skilled in the art more fully understand the utility model, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specifically
The utility model is described in further detail for embodiment.
It please refers to Fig.1 to Figure 13, Fig. 1 is by a kind of structure for the fruit washing machine that specific implementation mode provides in the utility model
Schematic diagram；Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-section that water-strainer is vibrated in Fig. 1；Fig. 3 is the diagrammatic cross-section that water-strainer is vibrated in Fig. 1；Fig. 4
For the front view of air-dry machine in Fig. 1；Fig. 5 is the side view of air-dry machine in Fig. 1；Fig. 6 is the main view that brush unit is sprayed in Fig. 1
Figure；Fig. 7 is the side view that brush unit is sprayed in Fig. 1；Fig. 8 is the front view of bubble surfing device in Fig. 1；Fig. 9 is gas in Fig. 1
Steep the side view of surfing device；Figure 10 is the front view of conveying device in Fig. 1；Figure 11 is the side view of conveying device in Fig. 1；Figure
12 be the front view of high-order feed device in Fig. 1；Figure 13 is the side view of high-order feed device in Fig. 1.
Fruit washing machine provided by the utility model, as shown in Figure 1, including cleaning the cleaning device 2 of fruits and vegetables and being set to
2 rear end of cleaning device to dry fruits and vegetables drying device 3.After the completion of cleaning device 2 washes fruit-vegetable clear, on fruit and vegetable surfaces there are
Moisture, these moisture can cause fruits and vegetables to rot, and the utility model is provided with drying device 3, drying device in 2 rear end of cleaning device
3 can remove the moisture on fruit and vegetable surfaces, to extend the holding time of fruits and vegetables.Fruits and vegetables move in fruit washing machine in pipeline system
It is dynamic, in this specification before refer to the upstream of fruits and vegetables assembly line, refer to the downstream of fruits and vegetables assembly line after corresponding.
Wherein, drying device 3 is air-dry machine 32, please refers to Figure of description 2 and attached drawing 3, air-dry machine 32 is set including level
The first conveyer belt 322 set, 322 top of the first conveyer belt are equipped with to blow off the wind turbine 321 of fruit and vegetable surfaces moisture.Certainly, it is
Ensuring that fruit and vegetable surfaces moisture is removed totally, 321 laid out in parallel of multiple wind turbines can be formed multistage air drying system by the present embodiment,
Fruits and vegetables pass sequentially through wind turbines 321 at different levels under the drive of the first conveyer belt 322, to reach a large amount of removal fruit and vegetable surfaces moisture
Purpose.The equipment that air-dry machine 32 completes fruit and vegetable dryness by heating compared with the prior art, can reduce the moisture inside fruits and vegetables
Loss, retains the nutritional ingredient of fruits and vegetables.
The moisture that the fruit and vegetable surfaces for just completing to clean are speckled with is more, if only drying up moisture by wind turbine 321,
Ask the power of wind turbine 321 larger, it is clear that 321 energy consumption of high-power blower is higher, to reduce the power requirement of wind turbine 321, this implementation
Drying device 3 in example further includes vibration water-strainer 31, and vibration water-strainer 31 can drive fruits and vegetables to vibrate, and fruit and vegetable surfaces are larger
Water droplet shake off, and then reduce wind turbine 321 power requirement.
Specifically, the structure of vibration water-strainer 31 please refers to Figure of description 4 and attached drawing 5, vibration water-strainer 31 includes setting
There are the drainage chassis 312 of multiple drainage holes, drainage chassis 312 to be supported by vibrating spring 313, drainage chassis 312 is by vibrating motor
311 drive generation vibration, and then the fruits and vegetables placed on drainage chassis 312 is made to vibrate therewith, shake off the moisture of fruit and vegetable surfaces.When
So, drainage chassis 312 is not limited only to the chassis of plate, stainless (steel) wire can also be used as drainage chassis 312.
In order to improve the corrosion resistance on drainage chassis 312, and ensure food security, in the present embodiment, drainage chassis 312
304 stainless steel of food-grade may be used in fabric, and the bottom surface on drainage chassis 312 can also do blasting treatment, further increase drainage
The corrosion resistance on chassis 312.Other in certain the utility model also use food-grade with the component that fruits and vegetables directly or indirectly contact
Material is made.
Vibrating motor 311 drives there are many modes of 312 vibration of drainage chassis, for example, being installed on 311 axis of vibrating motor convex
Wheel, the side of cam are bonded with drainage chassis 312, because the distance of the side of cam to rotary shaft is different, cam is turning
Drainage chassis 312 can be driven to vibrate in dynamic process.
To ensure that the moisture shaken off on fruits and vegetables can drain from drainage chassis 312 as early as possible, can be set on drainage chassis 312
Multiple recessed portions are set, drainage hole is set to the bottom of recessed portion, and the water on drainage chassis 312 flows into drainage hole by recessed portion
In, accelerate the drain age velocity on drainage chassis 312.
In addition, in order to enable fruits and vegetables to pass through from drainage chassis 312 automatically, the continuous productive process of cleaning fruits and vegetables, filter are realized
Water-bed disk 312 can be in preset angle with horizontal direction, and fruits and vegetables can be by a parallel drainage chassis on drainage chassis 312
312 component, fruits and vegetables can be moved towards the rear side on drainage chassis 312 under the action of the component.
The larger water droplet of fruit and vegetable surfaces is easy to be blown off by wind turbine 321, and smaller water droplet can only lean on evaporation that it is clear
It removes, heating device is also provided in order to accelerate the exit of evaporation fan 321 of moisture.Heating device can improve wind turbine 321
The temperature of the dry wind of blowout makes the moisture evaporation of fruit and vegetable surfaces accelerate, to improve the rate of drying of fruits and vegetables.Heating device can
Think that electric heating piece or heating wire, the also sprayable insulating layer of electric heating piece and heating wire surface prevent water-drop sputtering from causing heating device
In order to ensure the cleaning performance of fruits and vegetables, the cleaning device 2 in the utility model includes that thick cleaning device and seminal plasma are washed
Device.Thick cleaning device can clean up the bulks such as the sludge of fruit and vegetable surfaces, and seminal plasma cleaning device can remove fruit and vegetable surfaces
Thick cleaning device is spray brush unit 21 in the present embodiment, and fruits and vegetables to be cleaned are first by spraying brush unit
21, the more serious dirt of fruit and vegetable surfaces is washed away by hairbrush 212, fruits and vegetables pass through bubble surfing device 22, bubble and water again
The impact force of wave can be rinsed the dirt of fruit and vegetable surfaces, and the dirt under rinsing flows away with flow.
Specifically, as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, spray brush unit 21 includes device box entrance 213 and tank outlet 214,
Axially disposed a plurality of hairbrush 212, hairbrush 212 surround cylinder between tank inlet 213 and tank outlet 214, by hairbrush 212
The cylindrical side of composition is more than 180 °, and nozzle 211 is slightly washed in cylindrical top equipped with multiple, slightly washes nozzle 211 into cylinder
Cleaning solution is sprayed, fruits and vegetables enter in the cylinder that hairbrush 212 surrounds, and the hairbrush 212 of rotation can carry out each side of fruits and vegetables
Hairbrush 212 can speckle with more dirt after being used for a long time, it is therefore desirable to regularly be replaced to the progress of hairbrush 212 and clear
It washes.The brush roller structure of hairbrush 212 in the utility model, the brush roll of hairbrush 212 are sheathed in shaft, when more Brusher being able to change bristles 212 only
Hairbrush 212 need to be extracted out along shaft, without being dismantled to whole shaft.
In order to improve the service life of hairbrush 212, slow down corrosion of the cleaning solution to hairbrush 212, the hairbrush of the utility model
212 roller core uses stainless steel material, and nylon yarn hair is implanted into roller core.The axial cross section undulate of 212 bristle of hairbrush, it is recessed
Convex corresponding two bar brush is one group, achievees the purpose that cleaning convenient for cleaning.
To make fruits and vegetables that can be axially moveable in spraying brush unit 21, the bristle of hairbrush 212 is twist distributed, hair
Fruits and vegetables can be applied during rotation axial active force by brushing 212, and under the action of axial force, fruits and vegetables are filled to spray hairbrush
The tank outlet 214 for setting 21 moves.Tank inlet 213 is equipped with spiral promotion slot with tank outlet 214, and fruits and vegetables enter slot
In, tank inlet 213 pushes slot to have axial component, fruits and vegetables axially dividing to the active force of fruits and vegetables with the rotation of tank outlet 214
It is axially moveable under the action of power.
Through spraying the fruit and vegetable surfaces that brush unit 21 cleans, usually there are dirty liquid, spray the rear end of brush unit 21
Equipped with bubble surfing device 22, bubble surfing device 22 can clean the liquid of fruit and vegetable surfaces dirt, remove detergent and pesticide
Deng residual, improve product quality.Certainly, thick cleaning device may be high pressure water flow flusher etc..
Seminal plasma cleaning device in the present embodiment is bubble surfing device 22, structure such as Fig. 8 and Fig. 9 of bubble surfing device 22
It is shown, including foaming layer 222, the rear end of foaming layer 222 is equipped with acclivitous surfing inclined-plane, foaming layer 222 and surfing inclined-plane
Top is designed with fine purifiation nozzle 221, and the fine purifiation nozzle 221 above surfing inclined-plane is by water flow jet to surfing inclined-plane, flow edge
Surfing inclined-plane flows down, and flow is formed on foaming layer 222, and flow can will rinse fruit and vegetable surfaces, take away sewage.Foaming layer 222
The fine purifiation nozzle 221 of top forms bubble to 222 injection water of foaming layer, flow on foaming layer 222, utilizes the tension of liquid
The organic pollution of fruit and vegetable surfaces is removed, to reach deep clean purpose.Seminal plasma cleaning device can also use microwave clear
Washing machine etc..
Foaming layer 222 in the present embodiment is bubble steel wire.Being equipped in bubble layer can push fruits and vegetables to surfing inclined-plane
Mobile idler wheel, enables fruits and vegetables to flow movement against the current, prevents downstream wastewater from polluting fruits and vegetables.
Drying device 3 is equipped in the fruit washing machine that the present embodiment is provided, the fruits and vegetables for completing cleaning are removed by drying device 3
The moisture on its surface, one side moisture can be infected with dirt and pollute fruits and vegetables, on the other hand can prevent the moisture on fruit and vegetable surfaces
Fruits and vegetables are caused to rot.
Fruit washing machine in the prior art usually requires hand charging and discharging, and labor intensity is big, and working efficiency is low, this practicality
Novel to be provided with conveying device 1 in the front end of cleaning device 2, as shown in Figure 10 and Figure 11, conveying device 1 includes being located at front end
Feeding groove 14,14 rear end of feeding groove are connected with lift slope, and lift slope bottom end is connected with feeding groove 14, top and spray hairbrush dress
21 are set to be connected.The second conveyer belt 13, drive lower edge of the fruits and vegetables in the second conveyer belt 13 are equipped on feeding groove 14 and lift slope
Inclined-plane moves up.
It feeds intake for convenience, feeding groove 14 is parallel to the ground in the present embodiment and height is less than or equal to 1m, feeding groove 14
It is highly relatively low to reduce the energy expenditure to feed intake.
In addition it is to prevent fruits and vegetables from being slided along inclined-plane, the feeding being provided on the second conveyer belt 13 perpendicular to moving direction limits
Portion 12, feeding limiting section 12 can prevent the rolling and sliding of fruits and vegetables, improve transfer efficiency, and fruits and vegetables whereabouts is avoided to cause to collide with.
Second conveyer belt 13 is driven by conveying motor 11, and to improve the power of the second conveyer belt 13, this implementation is in feeding groove
14 front ends are provided with the first conveying motor 11, and lift slope top is provided with the second conveying motor 15, two motor drivings second
Conveyer belt 13 improves the conveying capacity of the second conveyer belt 13.
Fruits and vegetables after cleaning and having dried will be encapsulated into charge cask, and the rear end of the present embodiment drying device 3 is equipped with height
Position feed device 4,4 structure of high-order feed device is as shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13, and 4 lower end of high-order feed device includes feeding inclined-plane,
Feeding inclined-plane is equipped with third conveyer belt 42, and 32 lower section of air-dry machine is blanking groove 44, and feeding surface bottom is connected with blanking groove 44,
The feeding motor 41 of driving third conveyer belt 42 is located at the top on feeding inclined-plane.
Feeding limiting section 43 for preventing fruits and vegetables from sliding can also be set on third conveyer belt 42, feeding limiting section 43
Structure can refer to feeding limiting section 12.The both sides of third conveyer belt 42 be equipped with side board, side board can prevent fruits and vegetables from
The falling sideways of conveyer belt.
Certainly, the first conveyer belt 322 of 32 lower part of air-dry machine and the third conveyer belt 42 of high-order feed device 4 can be same
One conveyer belt, arises from the front end of air-dry machine 32, terminates in the rear end of material distributing flat.
The side board of high-order feed device 4 is equipped with sub-material mouth, and being equipped with above feeding inclined-plane can open and close
Sub-material baffle, sub-material baffle are connected to sub-material mouth rear end.When sub-material baffle and sub-material mouth are opened jointly, sub-material baffle and feeding
Inclined-plane is in predetermined angle, and fruits and vegetables move up under the drive of third conveyer belt 42 along inclined-plane, and sub-material baffle can stop fruits and vegetables
The path moved up, during fruits and vegetables move up, sub-material baffle can apply a direction feeding inclined-plane side to fruits and vegetables
Power, so that fruits and vegetables is moved to the feeding port of feeding inclined-plane side, charge cask is placed in below feeding port, and fruits and vegetables are fallen into from feeding port
In charge cask, to complete the packing of fruits and vegetables.After completing sub-material, sub-material mouth is closed, and sub-material baffle is bonded with side board, fruit
Vegetable can continue to move up along third conveyer belt 42.
Multiple sub-material mouths can be laterally arranged in feeding inclined-plane in the present embodiment, and sub-material mouth may be disposed at the two of feeding inclined-plane
Side can also be set to the side on feeding inclined-plane.
Fruit can slide into along sub-material mouth in charge cask, and buffer part can also be arranged under sub-material mouth, and the fruits and vegetables of whereabouts, which pass through, to be delayed
The portion of punching enters charge cask bottom rather than falls directly into charge cask bottom, avoids and collides with caused by when fruits and vegetables fall, specifically
Buffer part can be cylinder made of flexible material, cylinder one end be connected with sub-material mouth, and the other end is placed in charge cask, logical
Cross the momentum that flexible material buffering falls.
Sub-material mouth bottom is equipped with detection device, and detection device is connected with executive device, when detection device detects that charge holds
Device has been filled with, then controls executive device and close sub-material mouth, open sub-material baffle, fruits and vegetables is made to be moved to next sub-material mouth.
Specifically, when placing charge cask below sub-material mouth, detection device is inserted into charge cask, and detection device can be with
For RF transmitter and infrared receiver, RF transmitter and infrared receiver are located at charge cask both sides,
When charge cask is filled, infrared ray is blocked by fruits and vegetables, and receiver can not receive the infrared signal of transmitter transmitting, at this point,
Enforcement division closes sub-material mouth, opens simultaneously the baffle into next sub-material mouth, and fruits and vegetables is made to enter in next charge cask.This reality
It can be the executing agency that motor gear is constituted to apply executive device in example, and infrared receiver controls the switch of motor, then by
The switch for the gear control sub-material mouth being connect with motor.Certainly, executive device can also be execution cylinder or fluid cylinder etc., specifically may be used
With reference to the prior art.
Each device in the utility model is sequentially connected from front to back, using the above structure, only need to install all devices with
Interface adjusts body desired height by adjustable supporting leg, maintains the balance of equipment.
In the present embodiment, fruit washing machine is provided with conveying device 1, and fruits and vegetables can be delivered to a high position by conveying device 1 by low level
Spray brush unit 21 in, conveying device 1 can remove high-leveled and difficult intensive tasks when manual operation, safe and accurate, work effect
Rate is high.
It should be noted that in the present specification, such as first and second etc relational terms are used merely to one
Entity is distinguished with other several entities, and without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities, there are any this actual
Relationship or sequence.
Fruit washing machine provided by the utility model is described in detail above.Specific case used herein is to this
The principle and embodiment of utility model is expounded, and the explanation of above example is only intended to help to understand the utility model
Method and its core concept.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, it is new not departing from this practicality
Under the premise of type principle, several improvements and modifications can be made to this utility model, these improvement and modification also fall into this reality
With in novel scope of the claims.