CN207807725U - A kind of automatic loading/unloading equipment suitable for bogie part cleaning - Google Patents

A kind of automatic loading/unloading equipment suitable for bogie part cleaning Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207807725U
CN207807725U CN201820018199.4U CN201820018199U CN207807725U CN 207807725 U CN207807725 U CN 207807725U CN 201820018199 U CN201820018199 U CN 201820018199U CN 207807725 U CN207807725 U CN 207807725U
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China
Prior art keywords
bogie
cleaning
automatic loading
crossbeam
mechanical gripper
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CN201820018199.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄世明
张�浩
殷勤
史明红
李加祺
李经纬
宋云超
朱泽群
何武山
刘高坤
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China Railway Siyuan Survey and Design Group Co Ltd
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China Railway Siyuan Survey and Design Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201820018199.4U priority Critical patent/CN207807725U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of automatic loading/unloading equipment suitable for bogie part cleaning, belong to locomotive component cleaning correlative technology field, it passes through setting truss and the crossbeam that can be moved in truss top horizontal, and horizontally moveable and vertical lifting connecting shaft is set on crossbeam, connecting shaft movement and the movement of the connecting shaft itself is driven to realize mechanical arm assembly the moving freely in truss frame-type space for being connected to connecting shaft bottom by crossbeam, and the mechanical gripper of setting is made of two arc-shaped handgrip units, can by the close of handgrip unit or separation by effectively realize mechanical gripper promptly or unclamp, to realize the accurate automatic loading/unloading of bogie part.The automatic loading/unloading equipment for being suitable for bogie part cleaning of the utility model, simple in structure, setup cost is relatively low, easy to operate, can greatly improve the precision and efficiency of bogie part automatic loading/unloading, reduces it and cleans cost.

Description

A kind of automatic loading/unloading equipment suitable for bogie part cleaning
Technical field
The utility model belongs to locomotive component cleaning correlative technology field, and in particular to one kind being suitable for bogie part The automatic loading/unloading equipment of cleaning.
Background technology
With the fast development of China railways modernization construction, the application of rail traffic is quite ripe, this inevitable companion With the frequent application of more and more rail locomotives, its body part often will appear damage or is stained with locomotive in the process of running Impurity etc., so the parts of car body need often maintenance, replace or clean.
Bogie is to provide the critical piece of turning function during locomotive orbits for it, since it is usually straight It connects and is arranged with rail contact, so for it is compared to other parts on locomotive, it is easier to it is stained with impurity or damage, institute It is often overhauled with needing and cleans bogie part, and since the bogie part on locomotive is more, it cleaned Need a large amount of equipment, manpower to complete cleaning process in journey, significantly limit bogie part cleaning, maintenance and more The efficiency changed.
In the prior art, bogie part is easy to clean and improves cleaning efficiency, is typically encapsulated at and is specifically designed Material frame in, be then transported at cleaning equipment by crane or fork truck again, the loading and unloading of above-mentioned bogie part Journey not only needs a large amount of human input, but also extremely inefficient;It is proposed in existing Chinese patent CN 201210495500.8 A kind of truss manipulator can be completed the clamping of workpiece by manipulator, realize the loading and unloading of workpiece, although above-mentioned manipulator The loading and unloading of workpiece can be realized to a certain extent, but the mechanism that it is two-freedom movement, the motion range of manipulator is limited, And without positioning the function with pressure detecting, the precision and force size of grabbing workpiece can not be effectively ensured, can not effectively apply To during the cleaning loading and unloading of bogie part.
Utility model content
For the disadvantages described above or Improvement requirement of the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of suitable for bogie zero The automatic loading/unloading equipment of part cleaning, wherein by the crossbeam that truss is arranged and can be moved in truss top horizontal, and in cross Horizontally moveable and vertical lifting connecting shaft is set on beam, by crossbeam drive connecting shaft movement and the movement of the connecting shaft itself come Mechanical arm assembly the moving freely in truss frame-type space for being connected to connecting shaft bottom is realized, mechanical arm assembly is improved Degree of freedom ensure that the accuracy and compatibility of automatic loading/unloading, and the mechanical gripper being arranged is by two arc-shaped handgrip units Composition, can by the close of handgrip unit or separation by realize mechanical gripper promptly or unclamp, the stabilization of crawl is effectively ensured Property.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provide it is a kind of suitable for bogie part cleaning automatic loading/unloading set It is standby, include that the crossbeam between two opposite frame bodies at the top of the truss is set in the truss of cube frame structure and with both ends, It is characterized in that,
The crossbeam can the frame body axis described in outer power drive lower edge move along a straight line, and the side of the crossbeam is vertical It is provided with connecting shaft, the axis of connecting shaft crossbeam described in outer power drive lower edge carries out alternating translational and can be along the connecting shaft axis Vertical lifting is carried out, so as to drive the mechanical arm assembly being arranged in the connecting shaft bottom to be moved in the framework of the truss It is dynamic;
The mechanical arm assembly includes that the handgrip unit being oppositely arranged by two forms and can be by the two handgrip units Closer or far from realizing that workpiece is firmly grasped or the mechanical gripper that unclamps and is separately connected at the top of the two handgrip units and can be outside It is driven to carry out vertical lifting under power drive to realize connecting rod that the mechanical gripper is firmly grasped or unclamped, the then mechanical gripper Can the connecting rod drive under carry out vertical lifting and realize the mechanical gripper promptly or unclamp, to realize the workpiece Loading and unloading.
As a further improvement of the utility model, the master that can be mutually matched engagement is additionally provided in the mechanical arm assembly One end of driving wheel and driving rack, the driving rack connects one end that the connecting rod deviates from the mechanical gripper, by described The vertical lifting that the driving rack can be achieved in the rotation of driving wheel passes through the master so as to drive the connecting rod lifting Driving wheel rotation can be achieved the mechanical gripper promptly or unclamp.
The truss includes the two trough girder bodies being oppositely arranged as a further improvement of the utility model, and the cross The both ends of beam are separately positioned on above the top beam of the trough girder body.
The opposite inside of the two handgrip units is provided with pressure sensor as a further improvement of the utility model, For detecting firmly grasping for the mechanical gripper.
It is provided with alignment sensor on the periphery of the mechanical gripper as a further improvement of the utility model, with For realizing the mechanical gripper and the contraposition of the workpiece and the positioning of the workpiece and cleaning equipment input and output material track.
Corresponding to the connecting shaft as a further improvement of the utility model, to be respectively arranged with connecting shaft lifting motor and connecting shaft flat Move motor, with realize its crossbeam side move horizontally and vertical lifting.
The crossbeam is corresponded to as a further improvement of the utility model, and is provided with cross beam translation motor, described in realization Crossbeam moves horizontally.
Correspond to the mechanical gripper as a further improvement of the utility model, and be provided with manipulator control motor, with In realize the mechanical gripper promptly or unclamp.
In general, have the above technical solutions conceived by the present invention are compared with the prior art, with following Beneficial effect:
(1) the automatic loading/unloading equipment for being suitable for bogie part cleaning of the utility model, by the way that truss is arranged With the crossbeam that can be moved in truss top horizontal, and horizontally moveable and vertical lifting connecting shaft is set on crossbeam, is passed through Crossbeam drives connecting shaft movement and the movement of connecting shaft itself to realize the mechanical arm assembly for being connected to connecting shaft bottom in truss frame Moving freely in type space improves the degree of freedom of mechanical arm assembly, it is ensured that the accurate loading and unloading of bogie part carry The high compatibility of automatic loading/unloading equipment;
(2) the automatic loading/unloading equipment for being suitable for bogie part cleaning of the utility model, can be mutual by setting The arc-shaped handgrip unit being closed forms mechanical gripper, and can realize mechanical gripping by changing the vertical height of handgrip unit Hand promptly or unclamp, fully ensured that the stability of settlement, it is therefore prevented that bogie part falls off;
(3) the automatic loading/unloading equipment for being suitable for bogie part cleaning of the utility model is passed by the way that positioning is arranged Sensor and pressure sensor, realize the positioning of mechanical gripper respectively and mechanical gripper firmly grasps the detection of state, ensure that steering The accuracy of frame parts loading and unloading, improves the efficiency of automatic loading/unloading;
(4) the automatic loading/unloading equipment for being suitable for bogie part cleaning of the utility model, it is corresponding by being arranged Electric machine assembly realizes crossbeam, connecting shaft and the movement of mechanical gripper, ensure that the stability that driving force is transmitted, further ensures The efficiency of automatic loading/unloading;
(5) the automatic loading/unloading equipment for being suitable for bogie part cleaning of the utility model, it is simple in structure, it is arranged to This is relatively low, easy to operate, can greatly improve the precision and efficiency of bogie part automatic loading/unloading, reduces it and cleans cost.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the entirety of the automatic loading/unloading equipment for being suitable for bogie part cleaning in the utility model embodiment Structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 be the utility model embodiment automatic loading/unloading equipment in mechanical arm assembly overall structure diagram;
In all the appended drawings, same reference numeral indicates identical technical characteristic, specially:1. mechanical arm assembly, 101. mechanical gripper, 102. connecting rods, 103. driving racks, 104. driving wheels, 105. pressure sensors, 106. alignment sensors; 2. electric machine assembly, 201. manipulator control motors, 202. are moved forward and backward motor, and 203. move left and right motor, and 204. move up and down Motor;3. truss, 4. connecting shafts, 5. crossbeams.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the purpose of the utility model, technical solutions and advantages more clearly understood, below in conjunction with attached drawing and implementation Example, the present invention will be further described in detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only explaining this Utility model is not used to limit the utility model.
As long as in addition, technical characteristic involved in the various embodiments of the present invention described below each other it Between do not constitute conflict and can be combined with each other.
The automatic loading/unloading equipment cleaned suitable for bogie part such as Fig. 1~2 in the utility model embodiment It is shown, wherein Fig. 1 is the entirety for the automatic loading/unloading equipment for being suitable for bogie part cleaning in the utility model embodiment Structural schematic diagram;Fig. 2 be the utility model embodiment automatic loading/unloading equipment in mechanical arm assembly overall structure diagram.
Further, the automatic loading/unloading for being suitable for bogie part cleaning in the preferred embodiment in the utility model is set Standby structure is as shown in Figure 1, wherein including mechanical arm assembly 1, electric machine assembly 2, truss 3 and crossbeam 5;Further specifically, excellent It is twin-spar construction to select the truss 3 in embodiment, and setting forms tetragonal body frame branch to two trough girder as shown in Figure 1 parallel Support structure, electric machine assembly 2 and mechanical arm assembly 1 are preferably mounted on crossbeam 5, and crossbeam 5 is separately positioned on two with its both ends On the upper surface of ellbeam, and the axis of crossbeam 5 is preferably perpendicular to the axis direction of trough girder;Further, it is preferable in embodiment Crossbeam 5 can back and forth be moved back and forth in the axis direction of the upper surface upper edge trough girder of truss 3;It is further preferred that it is preferred that real 3 liang of trough girders of truss in example are applied between left and right every setting, i.e., the top axis of each trough girder is in front and back setting, then crossbeam 5 The back-and-forth motion of the mechanical arm assembly 1 on crossbeam 5 can be achieved in reciprocating movement on truss 3.
Further, it is preferable to also be vertically provided with connecting shaft 4 in embodiment, lower end connects mechanical arm assembly 1, upper end activity It is connected to the side of crossbeam 5 and can be moved back and forth along the axis direction of crossbeam 5 in the side, you can mechanical arm assembly 1 is driven to realize It moves left and right;Further, the matching of mechanical arm assembly 1 is arranged in the lower end of connecting shaft 4, and can vertically be risen in the vertical direction Drop.
Further, it is preferable to which the mechanical arm assembly 1 in embodiment is as shown in Figure 2 comprising mechanical gripper 101, connecting rod 102 and driving rack 103, mechanical gripper 101 be oppositely arranged by two semicircular handgrip units, two handgrip units can be mutual Split firmly grasps workpiece in circular;Further, the upper end of two handgrip units is connect with connecting rod 102 respectively, and can be Under the action of connecting rod 102 realize handgrip unit promptly or unclamp, correspondingly, the other end of connecting rod 102 is connected to driving rack 103 lower section, the mechanical arm assembly 1 in preferred embodiment realize the vertical liter of mechanical gripper 101 by the form of rack-driving Drop;Further, it is preferable to the vertical lifting in embodiment is realized by driving wheel 104 and the matching of driving rack 103, fixed setting Driving wheel 104 can be matched with vertically arranged driving rack 103 and be engaged, and driving cog can be realized by the rotation of driving wheel 104 The vertical lifting of item 103, to drive mechanical gripper 101 below to complete vertical lifting.
It is further preferred that being provided with pressure sensor on the opposite inside of two handgrip units on mechanical gripper 101 105, to detect handgrip unit whether with the complete clamping of workpiece, prevent mechanical gripper 101 not by workpiece promptly and so that it is being moved It falls off during dynamic;It is further preferred that alignment sensor 106 is provided on the periphery of mechanical gripper 101, to detection machine Whether whether tool handgrip 101 accurately reaches the position of workpiece, and workpiece is accurately grabbed on the input and output material track of cleaning equipment, To realize accurate crawl and the automatic loading/unloading of bogie part.
Further, it to ensure effective movement of mechanical gripper 101, corresponds to it and is provided with electric machine assembly 2 comprising is controllable The manipulator control motor 201 that mechanical gripper 101 processed is firmly grasped or unclamped, is arranged in a preferred embodiment in the bottom of connecting shaft 4; Electric machine assembly 2 further includes the back-and-forth motion motor 202 that crossbeam 5 can be driven to be moved forward and backward, connecting shaft 4 can be driven to carry out left and right shifting Dynamic to move left and right motor 203 and drive what connecting shaft 4 moved up and down to move up and down motor 204, then above-mentioned motor can drive Arbitrary movement of the mechanical gripper 101 in the frame space of truss 3.
Automatic loading/unloading equipment in the utility model can realize bogie zero to be cleaned by mechanical gripper 101 The accurate crawl of part, and can realize that mechanical gripper 101 freely moves in the framework of truss 3 under the drive of electric machine assembly 2 It is dynamic, the operability and adjustable range of loading and unloading equipment are increased, and by the way that pressure sensor and alignment sensor is arranged come real Turn now to the accurate crawl of frame parts and accurate loading and unloading.
As it will be easily appreciated by one skilled in the art that the above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, not To limit the utility model, any modification made within the spirit and principle of the present invention, equivalent replacement and change Into etc., it should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of automatic loading/unloading equipment suitable for bogie part cleaning includes the truss in cube frame structure (3) and with both ends the crossbeam (5) between two opposite frame bodies at the top of the truss (3) is set, which is characterized in that
The crossbeam (5) can the frame body axis described in outer power drive lower edge move along a straight line, and the side of the crossbeam (5) is perpendicular To connecting shaft (4) is provided with, the axis of the connecting shaft (4) crossbeam (5) described in outer power drive lower edge carries out alternating translational and can Vertical lifting is carried out along connecting shaft (4) axis, so as to drive the mechanical arm assembly (1) being arranged in the connecting shaft (4) bottom to exist It is moved in the framework of the truss (3);
The mechanical arm assembly (1) includes that the handgrip unit being oppositely arranged by two forms and can leaning on by the two handgrip units Close or remote from realizing that workpiece is firmly grasped or the mechanical gripper (101) that unclamps and is separately connected two handgrip units tops and can be Outer power drive lower band move its carry out vertical lifting with realize the mechanical gripper (101) firmly grasp or unclamp connecting rod (102), then The mechanical gripper (101) can carry out vertical lifting under the connecting rod (102) drive and realize the mechanical gripper (101) It promptly or unclamps, to realize the loading and unloading of the workpiece.
2. the automatic loading/unloading equipment according to claim 1 suitable for bogie part cleaning, wherein the machinery The driving wheel (104) and driving rack (103) of engagement, the driving rack can be mutually matched by being additionally provided in hand component (1) (103) one end connects one end that the connecting rod (102) deviates from the mechanical gripper (101), passes through the driving wheel (104) The vertical lifting of the driving rack (103) can be achieved in rotation, so as to drive the connecting rod (102) to lift, that is, passes through described The rotation of driving wheel (104) can be achieved the mechanical gripper (101) promptly or unclamp.
3. the automatic loading/unloading equipment according to claim 1 or 2 suitable for bogie part cleaning, wherein described Truss (3) includes the two trough girder bodies being oppositely arranged, and the both ends of the crossbeam (5) are separately positioned on the top of the trough girder body Above beam.
4. the automatic loading/unloading equipment according to claim 1 or 2 suitable for bogie part cleaning, wherein two institutes It states the opposite inside of handgrip unit and is provided with pressure sensor (105), for detecting firmly grasping for the mechanical gripper (101).
5. the automatic loading/unloading equipment according to claim 1 or 2 suitable for bogie part cleaning, wherein in institute It states and is provided with alignment sensor (106) on the periphery of mechanical gripper (101), for realizing the mechanical gripper (101) and institute State the contraposition of workpiece and the positioning of the workpiece and cleaning equipment input and output material track.
6. the automatic loading/unloading equipment according to claim 1 or 2 suitable for bogie part cleaning, wherein corresponding The connecting shaft (4) is respectively arranged with connecting shaft lifting motor and connecting shaft translation motor, to realize its water in the crossbeam (5) side Translation is moved and vertical lifting.
7. the automatic loading/unloading equipment according to claim 1 or 2 suitable for bogie part cleaning, wherein corresponding The crossbeam (5) is provided with cross beam translation motor, to realize moving horizontally for the crossbeam (5).
8. the automatic loading/unloading equipment according to claim 1 or 2 suitable for bogie part cleaning, wherein corresponding The mechanical gripper (101) is provided with manipulator control motor (201), for realizing firmly grasping for the mechanical gripper (101) Or it unclamps.
CN201820018199.4U 2018-01-05 2018-01-05 A kind of automatic loading/unloading equipment suitable for bogie part cleaning Active CN207807725U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820018199.4U CN207807725U (en) 2018-01-05 2018-01-05 A kind of automatic loading/unloading equipment suitable for bogie part cleaning

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820018199.4U CN207807725U (en) 2018-01-05 2018-01-05 A kind of automatic loading/unloading equipment suitable for bogie part cleaning

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CN207807725U true CN207807725U (en) 2018-09-04

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111874034A (en) * 2020-07-16 2020-11-03 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Bogie maintenance process and system based on component cleaning center

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111874034A (en) * 2020-07-16 2020-11-03 中铁第四勘察设计院集团有限公司 Bogie maintenance process and system based on component cleaning center

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