CN207720707U - A kind of novel potato harvester grading plant - Google Patents

A kind of novel potato harvester grading plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207720707U
CN207720707U CN201820056934.0U CN201820056934U CN207720707U CN 207720707 U CN207720707 U CN 207720707U CN 201820056934 U CN201820056934 U CN 201820056934U CN 207720707 U CN207720707 U CN 207720707U
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China
Prior art keywords
potato
grading
plate
grading plant
vibration rack
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Active
Application number
CN201820056934.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛荣
王启芳
王计新
李肖婷
刘晓秋
田娟
靳培英
宋元萍
石贞芳
冯彩霞
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SHANXI PROVINCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FARMING MECHANIZATION SCIENCES
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SHANXI PROVINCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FARMING MECHANIZATION SCIENCES
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Priority to CN201820056934.0U priority Critical patent/CN207720707U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of novel potato harvester grading plant, including ontology and the vibration rack for being inclined at ontology upper end, the top of vibration rack is equipped with loading hopper, spring is equipped between vibration rack and ontology;Sieve plate and graded plate are equipped on vibration rack successively, several sieve pores are evenly distributed on sieve plate, graded plate is equipped with multigroup grading-hole, and grading-hole becomes larger in its aperture according to the traffic direction of potato, and the lower section of graded plate is equipped with multiple collecting boxs for collecting potato;Obstacle partition board is equipped between two adjacent groups grading-hole, obstacle partition board protrudes the upper surface of graded plate;Multiple drop guide funnels are arranged in the lower section of graded plate, and each collecting box corresponds to a drop guide funnel, and drop guide funnel is located at the top of collecting box.The potato of harvest can be carried out automatic classification, and have many advantages, such as simple in structure by a kind of novel potato harvester grading plant of the utility model, and classification efficiency is high.

Description

A kind of novel potato harvester grading plant
Technical field
The utility model belongs to farm machinery equipment technology field more particularly to a kind of classification of novel potato harvester Device.
Background technology
Potato is suitable for Solanaceae herbaceos perennial, and stem block is available, is that the fourth-largest important grain in the whole world is made Object, into inferior to wheat, rice and corn.China is the big potato planting state of the first in the world.With advances in technology with agriculture machine The use of the development of tool, cropper is more and more extensive, is increasingly accepted.The development of potato picker in recent years It is very fast, but there is still a need for manually carrying out selecting classification after potato harvest, not only time-consuming and laborious, sorting efficiency is low, operation Personnel labor intensity is big, and cannot meet the needs of actually sorting.
Invention content
For disadvantages described above, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is:A kind of novel potato harvester is provided With grading plant, can the potato of harvest be subjected to automatic classification, and have many advantages, such as simple in structure, classification efficiency is high.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of novel potato harvester grading plant, including ontology and the vibration for being inclined at the ontology upper end The top of holder, the vibration rack is equipped with loading hopper, and spring is equipped between the vibration rack and the ontology;The vibration It is equipped with sieve plate and graded plate successively according to the traffic direction of potato on holder, uniformly distributed several sieve pores on the sieve plate, described point Step is equipped with multigroup grading-hole, and the grading-hole becomes larger in its aperture according to the traffic direction of potato, the graded plate Lower section be equipped with it is multiple for collecting the collecting boxs of potato;Being equipped between grading-hole described in two adjacent groups prevents potato quick The obstacle partition board of downslide, the obstacle partition board protrude the upper surface of the graded plate.
As an improvement the obstacle partition board is made of elastic material, the cross section of the obstacle partition board is semicircle.
As an improvement multiple drop guide funnels, each collecting box corresponding one is arranged in the lower section of the graded plate A drop guide funnel, the drop guide funnel are located at the top of the collecting box.
It is equipped with a splaying between the graded plate and the lower end of the vibration rack, receipts are fallen into for the potato of major diameter Header.
As an improvement the lower part of the ontology be equipped with rack, rack be equipped with placing groove, the placing groove with The size of the collecting box matches.
As an improvement vibrator is installed on the vibration rack,
As an improvement the side of the sieve plate and graded plate is equipped with upward baffle.
As an improvement the collecting box is equipped with handle.
Above-mentioned technical proposal is used, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1, the tuber type potato of cropper harvest, can be by Ma Ling using the novel potato harvester grading plant Potato carries out vibrations removal of impurities and classification, the potato after classification are sent to different collecting boxs.
2, being equipped between two adjacent groups grading-hole prevents the obstacle partition board that potato quickly glides, the protrusion classification of obstacle partition board The upper surface of plate, during gliding along graded plate, obstacle partition board can effectively prevent due to potato gliding speed potato It is too fast, and influence grading effect;Obstacle partition board makes the grading effect of the grading plant more preferably.Obstacle partition board is by elastic material system At the cross section of obstacle partition board is semicircle, it is possible to reduce damage of the obstacle partition board to potato appearance improves the product of potato Matter.
3, each collecting box corresponds to a drop guide funnel, and drop guide funnel is located at the top of collecting box, convenient for horse after classification The collection of bell potato.And the lower part of ontology is equipped with rack, rack is equipped with the placing groove to match with collecting box size, in this way It is more convenient when placing collecting box, directly collecting box is placed in placing groove, is no longer needed to just its position.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of novel potato harvester grading plant of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of Fig. 1.
Wherein:1- ontologies, 2- vibration racks, 3- vibrators, 4- loading hoppers, 5- springs, 6- sieve plates, 61- sieve pores, 7- points Step, 71- grading-holes, 8- baffles, 9- collecting boxs, 91- handles, 10- obstacle partition boards, 11- drop guide funnels, 12- racks, 13- Placing groove, the gaps 14-.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the purpose of the utility model, technical solutions and advantages more clearly understood, below in conjunction with attached drawing and implementation Example, the present invention will be further described in detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only explaining this Utility model is not used to limit the utility model.
Embodiment
By Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 jointly shown in, a kind of novel potato harvester grading plant, including ontology 1 and be obliquely installed Vibration rack 2 in 1 upper end of ontology is equipped with vibrator 3 on vibration rack 2.The top of vibration rack 2 is equipped with loading hopper 4, Spring 5 is equipped between vibration rack 2 and ontology 1.
It is equipped with sieve plate 6 and graded plate 7, sieve plate 6 and graded plate 7 successively according to the traffic direction of potato on vibration rack 2 Side be equipped with upward baffle 8.Baffle 8 can prevent the landing in potato conveying and sort process.If uniformly distributed on sieve plate 6 Dry screen hole 61, graded plate 7 are equipped with multigroup grading-hole 71, and grading-hole 71 gradually becomes in its aperture according to the traffic direction of potato Greatly.It is equipped with a splaying 14 between graded plate 7 and the lower end of vibration rack 2, collecting box 9 is fallen into for the potato of major diameter.Point The lower section of step 7 is equipped with multiple collecting boxs 9 for collecting potato, and collecting box 9 is equipped with handle 91.Two adjacent groups grading-hole Being equipped between 71 prevents the obstacle partition board 10 that potato quickly glides, and obstacle partition board 10 protrudes the upper surface of graded plate 7.Potato During gliding along graded plate 7, obstacle partition board 10 can effectively prevent since potato gliding speed is too fast, and influence classification Effect;Obstacle partition board 10 makes the grading effect of the grading plant more preferably.Obstacle partition board 10 is made of elastic material, obstacle partition board 10 cross section is semicircle, it is possible to reduce damage of the obstacle partition board 10 to potato appearance improves the quality of potato.
Multiple drop guide funnels 11 are arranged in the lower section of graded plate 7, and each drop guide funnel 11 corresponds to a collecting box 9, guide Funnel 11 is located at the top of collecting box 9.Drop guide funnel 11 is convenient for the collection of potato after classification.The lower part of ontology 1, which is equipped with, places Frame 12, rack 12 are equipped with placing groove 13, and placing groove 13 and the size of collecting box 9 match.Placing collecting box 9 in this way When it is more convenient, directly collecting box 9 is placed in placing groove 13, is no longer needed to just its position.
Cropper is sent the potato of harvest to the grading plant by loading hopper 4 when use, is removed by the vibration of sieve plate 6 Miscellaneous, when by graded plate 7, the small potato of diameter first falls into the collecting box 9 of lower section, and the big potato of diameter falls into successively again The collecting box 9 of lower section is completed the classification to potato and is handled.
The tuber type potato of cropper harvest, can be by potato using the novel potato harvester grading plant It carries out vibrating shaker and classification, the potato after classification is sent to different collecting boxs.
In conclusion a kind of novel potato harvester grading plant of the utility model, it can be by the Ma Ling of harvest Potato carries out automatic classification, and has many advantages, such as that simple in structure, easy to use, classification efficiency is high.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, is not intended to limit the utility model, all at this All any modification, equivalent and improvement etc., should be included in the utility model made by within the spirit and principle of utility model Protection domain within.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of novel potato harvester grading plant, it is characterised in that:Including ontology and it is inclined at the ontology The top of the vibration rack of upper end, the vibration rack is equipped with loading hopper, and bullet is equipped between the vibration rack and the ontology Spring;
It is equipped with sieve plate and graded plate successively according to the traffic direction of potato on the vibration rack, is evenly distributed on the sieve plate several Sieve pore, the graded plate are equipped with multigroup grading-hole, and the grading-hole becomes larger in its aperture according to the traffic direction of potato, The lower section of the graded plate is equipped with multiple collecting boxs for collecting potato;
Being equipped between grading-hole described in two adjacent groups prevents the obstacle partition board that potato quickly glides, and the obstacle partition board protrudes institute State the upper surface of graded plate.
2. novel potato harvester grading plant according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The obstacle partition board by Elastic material is made, and the cross section of the obstacle partition board is semicircle.
3. novel potato harvester grading plant according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Under the graded plate Multiple drop guide funnels are arranged in side, and each collecting box corresponds to a drop guide funnel, and the drop guide funnel is located at the collection The top of case.
4. novel potato harvester grading plant according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The graded plate and institute It states and is equipped with a splaying between the lower end of vibration rack, collecting box is fallen into for the potato of major diameter.
5. novel potato harvester grading plant according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The lower part of the ontology Equipped with rack, rack is equipped with placing groove, and the size of the placing groove and the collecting box matches.
6. novel potato harvester grading plant according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:On the vibration rack Vibrator is installed.
7. novel potato harvester grading plant according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The sieve plate and classification The side of plate is equipped with upward baffle.
8. novel potato harvester grading plant according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:It is set on the collecting box There is handle.
CN201820056934.0U 2018-01-12 2018-01-12 A kind of novel potato harvester grading plant Active CN207720707U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820056934.0U CN207720707U (en) 2018-01-12 2018-01-12 A kind of novel potato harvester grading plant

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820056934.0U CN207720707U (en) 2018-01-12 2018-01-12 A kind of novel potato harvester grading plant

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207720707U true CN207720707U (en) 2018-08-14

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820056934.0U Active CN207720707U (en) 2018-01-12 2018-01-12 A kind of novel potato harvester grading plant

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110238020A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-09-17 潜山长林农业有限公司 A kind of apocarya sorting equipment by hand

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110238020A (en) * 2019-06-21 2019-09-17 潜山长林农业有限公司 A kind of apocarya sorting equipment by hand

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