CN207519182U - A kind of grain sheller unit - Google Patents

A kind of grain sheller unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207519182U
CN207519182U CN201721665521.4U CN201721665521U CN207519182U CN 207519182 U CN207519182 U CN 207519182U CN 201721665521 U CN201721665521 U CN 201721665521U CN 207519182 U CN207519182 U CN 207519182U
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China
Prior art keywords
main shaft
component
sleeve
sheller unit
housing
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CN201721665521.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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田继宽
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of grain sheller unit, including rack, motor and threshing chamber are provided in rack, main shaft is provided in threshing chamber, one end of main shaft is provided with chopper component, it is provided on main shaft and gets rid of hammer, the side wall of threshing chamber is provided with stalk outlet, the bottom of threshing chamber is provided with upper screen cloth, vibration screen component is provided with below upper screen cloth, further include cleaning fan, cleaning fan includes housing, sleeve is provided in housing, the outer wall of sleeve is provided with blade, sleeve is connected by bearing with main shaft, one end of sleeve is connect by the component that drives up with motor drive;The bottom of housing is provided with air inlet, and air inlet is connected with suction nozzle, and suction nozzle is located at the top of vibration screen component lower end.In the present apparatus, wind turbine can high-speed rotation, and get rid of hammer and slowly run, can more thoroughly remove the sundries in cereal, and wind turbine and get rid of hammer and be installed on same root main shaft, the complex degree of structure of device will not be increased.

Description

A kind of grain sheller unit
Technical field
The utility model is related to agricultural mechanical equipment field, especially a kind of grain sheller unit.
Background technology
The course of work for being currently used for the sheller unit of the cereal such as wheat, rice, soybean includes threshing and selection by winnowing, in order to Simplifying structure, threshing is installed in wind turbine on same root main shaft with hammer and selection by winnowing is got rid of, and fan blade is identical with the rotating speed for getting rid of hammer, Threshing can just be completed when slowly running by getting rid of hammer, if rotating speed is excessive, may be smashed cereal, but the rotating speed of fan blade When relatively low, it is impossible to all suck out husk, lead in cereal that there are more impurity.
Utility model content
The technical problem to be solved by the utility model is to provide a kind of grain sheller unit, wind turbine can be at a high speed Rotation, and gets rid of hammer and slowly runs, and can more thoroughly remove the sundries in cereal, and wind turbine and gets rid of hammer and be installed on same root Main shaft will not increase the complex degree of structure of device.
Technical solution is used by the utility model solves its technical problem:A kind of grain sheller unit, packet Including rack is provided with motor and threshing chamber in rack, main shaft is provided in the threshing chamber, one end of the main shaft is provided with hand hay cutter Knife assembly, be provided on main shaft it is multiple get rid of hammer, the side wall of threshing chamber is provided with stalk outlet, and the bottom of threshing chamber is provided with sieve Net, is provided with inclined vibration screen component below the upper screen cloth, the motor simultaneously with main shaft and vibration screen component It is sequentially connected,
Further include cleaning fan, the cleaning fan includes housing, is provided with sleeve in the housing, the sleeve it is outer Wall is provided with blade, and sleeve is socketed on outside main shaft and passes through bearing to be connected with main shaft, and one end of the sleeve is extended to outside housing simultaneously By driving up, component is connect with motor drive;The bottom of the housing is provided with air inlet, and the air inlet is connected with suction Tuyere, the suction nozzle are located at the top of vibration screen component lower end, drainage conduit are provided at the top of housing, and the drainage conduit is led to To a husk cylinder.
Further, the suction nozzle includes fixed part and movable part, and the fixed part is fixedly connected with the casing, movable part Upper socket in the outside of fixed part, and movable part is connected by screw with fixed part.
Further, the component that drives up includes belt pulley, actively speed-raising wheel, driven speed-raising wheel group and wind turbine transmission Wheel, the belt pulley and actively speed-raising, which are taken turns, to be mounted on main shaft, and the driven speed-raising wheel group is mounted on the outer wall of rack, and wind turbine passes Driving wheel is mounted on sleeve, and the belt pulley is connected by belt with motor, and actively speed-raising wheel is taken turns by belt and driven speed-raising Group is connected, and driven speed-raising wheel group is connected by belt with wind turbine drive.
Further, the vibration screen component includes blow tank and the lower screen cloth that is set at the top of blow tank, it is described go out The lower end of hopper is extended to except lower screen cloth, and the lower end of the lower screen cloth is provided with impurity discharging port, and the suction nozzle is located at discharging The top of slot lower end.
Further, vibrating screen belt wheel is provided on the main shaft, the vibrating screen belt wheel is connected with vibration by belt Transmission group, the vibration transmission group are connected with blow tank.
Further, the upper end of the blow tank is connected by spring with rack, the company that both sides are mutually parallel by one group Extension bar is connected with rack, and the both ends of the connecting rod are hinged respectively with blow tank and rack.
Further, the lower section of the stalk outlet is provided with inclined recycling sieve, and the lower section of the recycling sieve is provided with Vibration screen component is led in inclined feeding groove, the lower end of the feeding groove.
Further, the chopper component includes two choppers being fixed on main shaft.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:Motor drives main axis, is rotated so as to make to get rid of hammer with chopper component, chopper The position that grain straw is had fruit by component is cut from stalk, while is got rid of hammer and carried out threshing, due to the sleeve of cleaning fan It is connected by bearing with main shaft, the rotation of main shaft and the rotation of sleeve are non-interference, and motor passes through component and the sleeve of driving up It is connected, the rotating speed of sleeve can be made increase, blade rotational speed on sleeve increases, increase wind-force, can more thoroughly will be in cereal Husk be sucked out and be delivered to husk cylinder, and do not influence main shaft the slow-speed of revolution rotation, solve in the prior art ask Topic.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the main view schematic cross-sectional view of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is A in Fig. 1 to schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the transmission schematic diagram of shaft;
Fig. 4 is the schematic top plan view of lower screen cloth.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, a kind of grain sheller unit of the utility model, including rack 25, Motor 6 and threshing chamber 1 are provided in rack 25, main shaft 2 is provided in the threshing chamber 1, one end of the main shaft 2 is provided with hand hay cutter Knife assembly, chopper component include two choppers 27, and chopper 27 is installed on main shaft 2 by screw, for by grain straw fructufy Position cut from stalk, be provided on main shaft 2 it is multiple get rid of hammer 3, for grain threshing, the side wall of threshing chamber 1 is provided with straw Stalk outlet 4, the bottom of threshing chamber 1 is provided with upper screen cloth 5, and the cross section of upper screen cloth 5 is arc-shaped, for screening out stalk.It is described The lower section of upper screen cloth 5 is provided with inclined vibration screen component, and the motor 6 is driven simultaneously with main shaft 2 and vibration screen component Connection.Cleaning fan is further included, the cleaning fan includes housing 7, sleeve 8 is provided in the housing 7, the sleeve 8 Outer wall is provided with blade 9, and sleeve 8 is socketed on outside main shaft 2 and passes through bearing to be connected with main shaft 2, and such sleeve 8 can with main shaft 2 It relatively rotates, so as to realize 8 high-speed rotation of sleeve, main shaft 2 slowly runs, and one end of the sleeve 8 extends to outside housing 7 and leads to The component that drives up is crossed to be sequentially connected with motor 6;The bottom of the housing 7 is provided with air inlet, and the air inlet is connected with suction Tuyere 10, the suction nozzle 10 are located at the top of vibration screen component lower end, and the top of housing 7 is provided with drainage conduit 11, described Drainage conduit 11 leads to a husk cylinder 12.
In use, starting motor 6, main shaft 2 drives chopper 27 and gets rid of 3 rotation of hammer, takes suitable treat threshing cereal straw manually Threshing chamber 1 is stretched into stalk one end fructiferous by stalk, and chopper component cuts off grain straw, and the part that stalk does not have fruit is lost It abandons, the part for having fruit is fallen into threshing chamber 1 and the threshing under the beaing for getting rid of hammer 3, and the stalk of large volume is then from stalk outlet 4 Discharge, the husk of cereal and small size is by the mesh of upper screen cloth 5 and falls into vibration screen component, and motor drives vibration screen Component vibrates, and cereal further removes husk after the regrading of vibration screen component, cereal and smaller volume Sundries moves to the lower end of vibration screen component, and motor 6 is by component band 8 high-speed rotation of moving sleeve that drives up, on sleeve 8 Blade 9 generates suction when rotating, and the sundries in cereal is sucked out by suction nozzle 10 and passes through drainage conduit 11 is delivered to husk cylinder 12.The present apparatus is suitable for the crop that the fruits such as wheat, rice, soybean concentrate on top.
The suction nozzle 10 includes fixed part and movable part, and the fixed part is fixedly connected with housing 7, the top of movable part The outside of fixed part is socketed on, and movable part is connected by screw with fixed part.The height in adjustable portion, so as to adjust work Dynamic subordinate end controls the suction to sundries in cereal, to be suitable for the de- of variety classes cereal to the distance of vibration screen component From and selection by winnowing.
The component that drives up includes belt pulley 13, actively speed-raising wheel 14, driven speed-raising wheel group 15 and wind turbine drive 16, on main shaft 2, the driven speed-raising wheel group 15 is mounted on the outer of rack 25 for the belt pulley 13 and actively speed-raising wheel 14 Wall, wind turbine drive 16 are mounted on sleeve 8, and the belt pulley 13 is connected by belt with motor 6, and actively speed-raising wheel 14 passes through Belt is connected with driven speed-raising wheel group 15, and driven speed-raising wheel group 15 is connected by belt with wind turbine drive 16.Motor 6 drives skin Belt wheel 13 rotates, belt pulley 13 drive main shaft 2 rotate, main shaft 2 drive actively speed-raising wheel 14 rotation, actively speed-raising wheel 14 drive from Dynamic speed-raising wheel group 15 rotates, and driven speed-raising wheel group 15 drives wind turbine drive 16 to rotate, and wind turbine drive 16 is with 8 turns of moving sleeve Dynamic, sleeve 8 is rotated with movable vane piece 9, and after active speed-raising wheel 14 and driven speed-raising wheel group 15 are driven, the rotating speed of sleeve 8 is more than The rotating speed of main shaft 2, so as to improve the suction of blade 9.
The vibration screen component includes blow tank 17 and is set to the lower screen cloth 18 at 17 top of blow tank, the blow tank 17 lower end is extended to except lower screen cloth 18, and the lower end of the lower screen cloth 18 is provided with impurity discharging port 19, the suction nozzle 10 In the top of 17 lower end of blow tank.By being fallen on lower screen cloth 18 after upper screen cloth 5, husk of large volume etc. is miscellaneous for cereal and husk Matter moves to impurity discharging port 19 along lower screen cloth 18 and discharges, and the sundries of cereal and small size is fallen by lower screen cloth 18 in blow tank 17 On, and moved downward along blow tank 17, when the sundries of cereal and small size moves to the lower section of suction nozzle 10, in cereal The light weight sundries such as husk are sucked away, and purer cereal is discharged and collected from blow tank 17.
At present, vibrating screen is widely used in every field, the transmission of the vibration screen component of the utility model Any one prior art can be used, it is preferred that vibrating screen belt wheel 20, the vibrating screen belt wheel 20 are provided on the main shaft 2 Vibration transmission group 21 is connected with by belt, the vibration transmission group 21 is connected with blow tank 17.Main shaft 2 passes through vibrating screen belt wheel 20 drive vibration transmission group 21 to run, and vibration transmission group 21 drives blow tank 17 to move back and forth, and cereal is sieved.Specifically , cam mechanism can be used in vibration transmission group 21.
The upper end of the blow tank 17 is connected by spring 22 with rack 25, the connecting rod that both sides are mutually parallel by one group 23 are connected with rack 25, and the both ends of the connecting rod 23 are hinged with blow tank 17 and rack 25 respectively.Blow tank 17 can backhaul It is dynamic, realize the screening to cereal.
A small amount of cereal can be carried secretly from the stalk of 4 discharge of stalk outlet, in order to be recycled to these cereal, avoid wave Take, the lower section of the stalk outlet 4 is provided with inclined recycling sieve 24, and the lower section of the recycling sieve 24 is provided with inclined conveying Vibration screen component is led in slot 26, the lower end of the feeding groove 26.Stalk is carried cereal secretly and is sieved by being fallen behind stalk outlet 4 in recycling On 24, stalk moves downward along recycling sieve 24 and then from 24 discharge of recycling sieve, and cereal is by recycling the sieve pore of sieve 24 and falling In feeding groove 26, fall into vibration screen component then along feeding groove 26 and carry out regrading.
The above descriptions are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the utility model, for this For the technical staff in field, various modifications and changes may be made to the present invention.It is all in the spirit and principles of the utility model Within, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of grain sheller unit including rack (25), is provided with motor (6) and threshing chamber (1) in rack (25), Main shaft (2) is provided in the threshing chamber (1), one end of the main shaft (2) is provided with chopper component, and main shaft is provided on (2) Multiple to get rid of hammer (3), the side wall of threshing chamber (1) is provided with stalk outlet (4), and the bottom of threshing chamber (1) is provided with upper screen cloth (5), Be provided with inclined vibration screen component below the upper screen cloth (5), the motor (6) and meanwhile with main shaft (2) and vibrating screen Screen component is sequentially connected, it is characterised in that:
Cleaning fan is further included, the cleaning fan includes housing (7), sleeve (8), the set are provided in the housing (7) The outer wall of cylinder (8) is provided with blade (9), and sleeve (8) is socketed on main shaft (2) outside and passes through bearing to be connected with main shaft (2), the set One end of cylinder (8) extends to housing (7) outside and is sequentially connected by the component that drives up with motor (6);The bottom of the housing (7) Air inlet is provided with, the air inlet is connected with suction nozzle (10), and the suction nozzle (10) is positioned at vibration screen component lower end Top is provided with drainage conduit (11) at the top of housing (7), and the drainage conduit (11) leads to a husk cylinder (12).
2. a kind of grain sheller unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The suction nozzle (10) is including solid Determine portion and movable part, the fixed part is fixedly connected with housing (7), and the upper socket of movable part is lived in the outside of fixed part Dynamic portion is connected by screw with fixed part.
3. a kind of grain sheller unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The component that drives up includes Belt pulley (13), actively speed-raising wheel (14), driven speed-raising wheel group (15) and wind turbine drive (16), the belt pulley (13) and master Dynamic speed-raising wheel (14) is on main shaft (2), and the driven speed-raising wheel group (15) is mounted on rack (25) outer wall, wind turbine drive (16) on sleeve (8), the belt pulley (13) is connected by belt with motor (6), and actively speed-raising wheel (14) passes through skin Band is connected with driven speed-raising wheel group (15), and driven speed-raising wheel group (15) is connected by belt with wind turbine drive (16).
4. a kind of grain sheller unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The vibration screen component includes Blow tank (17) and the lower screen cloth (18) being set at the top of blow tank (17), the lower end of the blow tank (17) extend to lower screen cloth (18) except, the lower end of the lower screen cloth (18) is provided with impurity discharging port (19), and the suction nozzle (10) is positioned at blow tank (17) The top of lower end.
5. a kind of grain sheller unit as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is provided on the main shaft (2) Vibrating screen belt wheel (20), the vibrating screen belt wheel (20) are connected with vibration transmission group (21), the vibration transmission group by belt (21) it is connected with blow tank (17).
6. a kind of grain sheller unit as described in claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that:The blow tank (17) Upper end is connected by spring (22) with rack (25), and both sides pass through one group of connecting rod being mutually parallel (23) and rack (25) phase Even, the both ends of the connecting rod (23) are hinged with blow tank (17) and rack (25) respectively.
7. a kind of grain sheller unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Under the stalk outlet (4) Side is provided with inclined recycling sieve (24), and inclined feeding groove (26), the conveying are provided with below the recycling sieve (24) Vibration screen component is led in the lower end of slot (26).
8. a kind of grain sheller unit as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The chopper component includes two The chopper (27) being fixed on main shaft (2).
CN201721665521.4U 2017-12-04 2017-12-04 A kind of grain sheller unit Active CN207519182U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721665521.4U CN207519182U (en) 2017-12-04 2017-12-04 A kind of grain sheller unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721665521.4U CN207519182U (en) 2017-12-04 2017-12-04 A kind of grain sheller unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207519182U true CN207519182U (en) 2018-06-22

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CN201721665521.4U Active CN207519182U (en) 2017-12-04 2017-12-04 A kind of grain sheller unit

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109661907A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-04-23 洛阳福格森机械装备有限公司 A kind of maize harvesting machine trash discharging apparatus
CN114793640A (en) * 2022-05-19 2022-07-29 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Bean threshing machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109661907A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-04-23 洛阳福格森机械装备有限公司 A kind of maize harvesting machine trash discharging apparatus
CN114793640A (en) * 2022-05-19 2022-07-29 农业农村部南京农业机械化研究所 Bean threshing machine

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