CN207427168U - A kind of overocean communications base station buoy based on iridium satellite and Beidou satellite communication - Google Patents

A kind of overocean communications base station buoy based on iridium satellite and Beidou satellite communication Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207427168U
CN207427168U CN201721668555.9U CN201721668555U CN207427168U CN 207427168 U CN207427168 U CN 207427168U CN 201721668555 U CN201721668555 U CN 201721668555U CN 207427168 U CN207427168 U CN 207427168U
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China
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satellite
satellite communication
locating module
iridium
floating
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吕婷婷
张�浩
刘兴
王岩
李磊
张萍
王生伟
张敏
徐盛娟
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Ocean University of China
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Ocean University of China
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion systems, e.g. maximum power point trackers

Abstract

A kind of overocean communications base station buoy based on iridium satellite and Beidou satellite communication, include the floating body of underwater underwater acoustic transducer and the water surface, the two is connected with watertight cable, acoustics signal processing device, satellite communication locating module, controller for solar and solar storage battery are equipped in floating body, top is equipped with iridium satellite/GPS dual-band antennas and Big Dipper multifrequency point antenna, and outside is equipped with solar panel;Controller for solar is connected respectively with solar panel and solar storage battery;Satellite communication locating module is connected respectively with the iridium satellite at the top of floating body/GPS dual-band antennas and Big Dipper multifrequency point antenna;Acoustics signal processing device is connected with satellite communication locating module;Underwater acoustic transducer is connected by watertight cable with acoustics signal processing device.The utility model can realize the punctual and duly communication of a variety of underwater hiding-machines by dual mode satellite communication, detection data is transmitted to satellite communication locating module by latent device by underwater sound communication, it avoids floating the energy consumption generated, the operating time of the latent device underwater operation of extension and service life because of carrier.

Description

A kind of overocean communications base station buoy based on iridium satellite and Beidou satellite communication
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of overocean communications base station buoy, for such as autonomous underwater to be assisted to dive device (AUV), water The underwater hiding-machines such as lower aerodone (Glider), subsurface buoy transmit the data of undersea detection, more particularly to short based on iridium satellite and the Big Dipper The overocean communications base station buoy of message dual mode communication.
Background technology
With seafari and national defense safety increase in demand, various underwater hiding-machines, if autonomous underwater is dived device (AUV), nothing People's underwater hiding-machine (UUV), underwater glider (Glider), subsurface buoy etc. is widely used in marine exploration.These latent devices can be flexible It carries various sensors and obtains all kinds of oceanographic datas, these oceanographic datas will be transmitted on the bank, mainly pass through following several ways: 1. there is cable device of diving to transfer data to ship or on the bank by cable;2. untethered is dived, sensing data is stored in SD card by device, is returned Data are obtained after receiving latent device;3 untethereds dive device also can be by radio or satellite communication transmission data.
Autonomous type dive device needs float on the surface of the water, bank is transferred data to by radio or satellite modules and respective antenna, Gu Determine subsurface buoy etc. and radio or satellite communication module and antenna are generally connected by cable, data transmission is returned into bank.Wherein there is cable to dive Device can limit to detection data real-time Transmission to ship base or bank base, but by cable, be of limited application.Store data in SD Block, the method for obtaining data after the latent device of recycling again, it is impossible to realize the real-time reception of data.In addition, nobody latent device by limitation of the technology There are certain risk of missing, and it is necessary that detection data is transmitted back to bank in time.Most untethered device of diving all passes through Radio or satellite communication transmission data.But this mode, which requires latent device to float up to the water surface, can just carry out data transmission.This gesture The energy consumption of latent device must be increased, dived device especially for deep-sea detecting, influence operating time and the service life of latent device.
The content of the invention
The utility model aim is to provide a kind of to the general overocean communications base station buoy of underwater various latent devices, the buoy energy Data transmission enough using iridium satellite and Beidou satellite communication progress quasi real time.
Overocean communications base station buoy described in the utility model based on iridium satellite and Beidou satellite communication, it is underwater including being located at Underwater acoustic transducer and the floating body bubbled through the water column, connected between the two with watertight cable;Floating body is internally provided with acoustics signal processing Device, satellite communication locating module, controller for solar and solar storage battery;Be equipped with outside floating body iridium satellite/GPS dual-band antennas, Big Dipper multifrequency point day and solar cell version;The underwater sound signal detected is sent to sound by underwater acoustic transducer by watertight cable Signal processor is learned, data transmission after treatment passes through iridium satellite or Big Dipper short message function to satellite communication locating module It is sent to bank station.Dependent instruction also can be sent to overocean communications base station buoy by bank station by iridium satellite or Big Dipper terminal, by satellite After positioning and communicating module receives, it is transferred to acoustics signal processing device and is modulated coding, finally by underwater acoustic transducer, be sent to Underwater hiding-machine.
Solar cell panel assembly and controller for solar, solar storage battery are the satellite in the buoy of overocean communications base station Communication locating module, acoustics signal processing device and stablize sustainable power supply supply positioned at underwater underwater acoustic transducer offer.
The satellite communication locating module includes micro-control unit and iridium satellite, Beidou communication positioning module.Wherein the Big Dipper leads to Letter locating module integrates Big Dipper RDSS rf chips, RDSS baseband circuits, power amplifier module and the Big Dipper/GPS navigation positioning Module realizes Beidou communication and the Big Dipper/GPS dual-mode navigation locating function.Iridium satellite module integrates iridium satellite L-band transceiver and GPS Receiver realizes the functions such as iridium satellite dialing, SBD (Short Burst Data), short message, voice and GPS navigation positioning work( Energy.The micro-control unit controls of satellite communication locating module select iridium satellite module or big dipper module realizes communication positioning, and It can realize simple communication protocol.
The acoustics signal processing device also includes underwater sound baseband modulator, base band demodulator, analog-to-digital conversion module and digital-to-analogue Modular converter, carrier modulation block, carrier wave demodulation module, low noise amplifier, power amplifier etc. realize underwater sound signal Modulation /demodulation, make signal by after underwater acoustic transducer be suitble to propagate in water.
The controller for solar exports three-way power, wherein 5V voltages are to the microcontroller of satellite communication locating module all the way Unit, 12V is to iridium satellite, Beidou communication positioning module all the way.In addition 12V or 24V gives acoustics signal processing device all the way, and passes through sound Signal processor is learned to power to underwater acoustic transducer.
The utility model can realize the punctual and duly communication of a variety of underwater hiding-machines by iridium satellite, the communication of Big Dipper dual mode satellite, Also, detection data is transmitted to satellite communication locating module by latent device by underwater sound communication, avoids the energy generated by carrier floating Source consumes, and extends operating time and the service life of latent device underwater operation.Simultaneously as satellite communication locating module and underwater acoustic transducer Power consumption is larger when receiving and dispatching work, and system uses solar cell for supplying power, and sustainable energy resource supply is provided for communication base station buoy.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the general structure schematic diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the work flow diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the real work schematic diagram of a scenario of the utility model.
Wherein, 1, floating body, 2, iridium satellite/GPS dual-band antennas, 3, Big Dipper multifrequency point antenna, 4, solar panel, 5, the sun Can controller, 6, solar storage battery, 7, satellite communication locating module, 8, acoustics signal processing device, 9, watertight cable, 10, water Sonic transducer, 71, micro-control unit, 72, memory, 73, iridium communication locating module, 74, Beidou communication positioning module, 81, Low noise amplifier, 82, carrier wave demodulation module, 83, analog-to-digital conversion module, 84, base band demodulator, 85, baseband modulator, 86th, digital-to-analogue conversion module, 87, carrier modulation block, 88, power amplifier, 89, oscillator.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of overocean communications base station buoy based on iridium satellite and Beidou satellite communication, underwater including being located at Underwater acoustic transducer 10 and the floating body 1 bubbled through the water column, are connected, floating body 1 is internally provided at acoustic signal with watertight cable 9 between the two Device 8, satellite communication locating module 7, controller for solar 5 and solar storage battery 6 are managed, it is double that 1 top of floating body is equipped with iridium satellite/GPS Frequency antenna 2 and Big Dipper multifrequency point antenna 3 are additionally provided with solar panel 4 outside floating body 1;The controller for solar 5 respectively with Solar panel 4 and solar storage battery 6 connect;The solar storage battery 6 for entire overocean communications base station buoy into Row power supply;Iridium satellite/GPS the dual-band antennas 2 and Big Dipper multifrequency that the satellite communication locating module 7 is equipped with respectively with 1 top of floating body Point antenna 3 connects;The acoustics signal processing device 8 is connected with satellite communication locating module 7;The underwater acoustic transducer 10 passes through water Cipher telegram cable 9 is connected with acoustics signal processing device 8.
As shown in Fig. 2, the acoustics signal processing device 8 in the floating body 1 includes transmission channel and receiving channel, transmission channel For by the signal transmission that underwater acoustic transducer 10 emits to satellite communication locating module 7, receiving channel is to for by satellite communication The instruction that locating module 7 receives is transferred to underwater acoustic transducer 10, wherein, transmission channel be followed successively by low noise amplifier 81, Carrier wave demodulation module 82, analog-to-digital conversion module 83, base band demodulator 84, the low noise amplifier 81 and underwater acoustic transducer 10 connections, receiving module are followed successively by baseband modulator 85, digital-to-analogue conversion module 86, carrier modulation block 87 and power amplifier 88, the power amplifier 88 is connected with underwater acoustic transducer 10, and the carrier wave demodulation module 82 and the carrier modulation block 87 carrier signals generated using same oscillator 89.
As shown in Fig. 2, the satellite communication locating module 7 in the floating body 1 includes the micro-control unit 71 of tape storage 72, The micro-control unit 71 connects iridium communication locating module 73 and Beidou communication positioning module 74, the acoustics signal processing respectively Base band demodulator 84 and baseband modulator 85 in device 8 are connected respectively with micro-control unit 71.Wherein Beidou communication positioning module 74 integrated Big Dipper RDSS rf chips, RDSS baseband circuits, power amplifier module and the Big Dipper/GPS navigation locating module, are realized Beidou communication and the Big Dipper/GPS dual-mode navigation locating function.Iridium communication locating module 73 integrates iridium satellite L-band transceiver and GPS Receiver realizes the functions such as iridium satellite dialing, SBD (Short Burst Data), short message, voice and GPS navigation positioning work( Energy.The control of micro-control unit 71 selects iridium communication locating module 73 or Beidou communication positioning module 74 to realize communication positioning, And it can realize simple communication protocol.
As shown in Fig. 2, the controller for solar 5 exports three-way power, wherein 5V voltages are positioned to satellite communication all the way The micro-control unit 71 of module 7,12V is to iridium communication locating module 73, Beidou communication positioning module 74 all the way.In addition it is all the way 12V or 24V to acoustics signal processing device 8, and passes through acoustics signal processing device 8 and powers to underwater acoustic transducer 10.
Based on the practical application scene of iridium satellite and the overocean communications base station buoy of Beidou satellite communication as shown in figure 3, more Kind underwater hiding-machine carries out data transmission according to sequential and overocean communications base station buoy.Overocean communications base station buoy receives data Afterwards, dialled by iridium satellite/SBD or Big Dipper short message send data to satellite, bank station iridium satellite and Beidou receiver receive It is stored and is shown to PC ends by data line transfer after data.Iridium communication can also through iridium satellite gateway receive data after, PC ends are sent directly to by internet.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of overocean communications base station buoy based on iridium satellite and Beidou satellite communication, it is characterised in that including being located at underwater water Sonic transducer (10) and the floating body (1) bubbled through the water column, are connected between the two with watertight cable (9), and floating body (1) is internally provided with acoustics Signal processor (8), satellite communication locating module (7), controller for solar (5) and solar storage battery (6), floating body (1) top Portion is equipped with iridium satellite/GPS dual-band antennas (2) and Big Dipper multifrequency point antenna (3), and solar panel is additionally provided with outside floating body (1) (4);The controller for solar (5) is connected respectively with solar panel (4) and solar storage battery (6);The sun Energy storage device (6) is powered for entire overocean communications base station buoy;The satellite communication locating module (7) respectively with floating body (1) iridium satellite/GPS dual-band antennas (2) and Big Dipper multifrequency point antenna (3) connection that top is equipped with;The acoustics signal processing device (8) It is connected with satellite communication locating module (7);The underwater acoustic transducer (10) passes through watertight cable (9) and acoustics signal processing device (8) connect.
2. the overocean communications base station buoy based on iridium satellite and Beidou satellite communication as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that institute Stating the acoustics signal processing device (8) in floating body (1) includes transmission channel and receiving channel, and transmission channel is used for underwater acoustic transducer (10) signal transmission of transmitting is to satellite communication locating module (7), and receiving channel is to for by satellite communication locating module (7) receipts To instruction be transferred to underwater acoustic transducer (10), wherein, transmission channel is followed successively by low noise amplifier (81), carrier wave demodulation Module (82), analog-to-digital conversion module (83), base band demodulator (84), the low noise amplifier (81) and underwater acoustic transducer (10) connect, receiving module is followed successively by baseband modulator (85), digital-to-analogue conversion module (86), carrier modulation block (87) and power Amplifier (88), the power amplifier (88) is connected with underwater acoustic transducer (10), and the carrier wave demodulation module (82) and institute State the carrier signal that carrier modulation block (87) is generated using same oscillator (89).
3. the overocean communications base station buoy based on iridium satellite and Beidou satellite communication as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that institute Stating the satellite communication locating module (7) in floating body (1) includes the micro-control unit (71) of tape storage (72), the micro-control unit (71) iridium communication locating module (73) and Beidou communication positioning module (74), the acoustics signal processing device (8) are connected respectively Interior base band demodulator (84) and baseband modulator (85) is connected respectively with micro-control unit (71).
4. the overocean communications base station buoy based on iridium satellite and Beidou satellite communication as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that institute Controller for solar (5) output three-way power is stated, wherein 5V voltages are to the micro-control unit of satellite communication locating module (7) all the way (71), 12V to iridium communication locating module (73), Beidou communication positioning module (74), is all the way in addition 12V or 24V, gives all the way Acoustics signal processing device (8), and pass through acoustics signal processing device (8) and power to underwater acoustic transducer (10).
CN201721668555.9U 2017-12-04 2017-12-04 A kind of overocean communications base station buoy based on iridium satellite and Beidou satellite communication Active CN207427168U (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108844484A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-11-20 哈尔滨工程大学 A kind of complete extra large depth AUV overall-in-one control schema cabin and control method
CN109270541A (en) * 2018-08-21 2019-01-25 中国科学院声学研究所 A kind of wireless sonar system and method based on underwater sound communication
CN109302201A (en) * 2018-07-30 2019-02-01 上海大学 A kind of small ocean communication switching unit and its application
CN109462442A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-03-12 Oppo广东移动通信有限公司 Communication accessory and electronic device for electronic device
CN109856659A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-06-07 同济大学 Preventing seabed base positions time service and data record system and method
CN110429966A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-11-08 天津大学 Floating marine formula communication relay system and its communication means based on distributed reception
CN111137405A (en) * 2020-01-08 2020-05-12 中国电子科技集团公司电子科学研究院 Data transmission system

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108844484A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-11-20 哈尔滨工程大学 A kind of complete extra large depth AUV overall-in-one control schema cabin and control method
CN108844484B (en) * 2018-07-13 2020-06-16 哈尔滨工程大学 Full-sea-depth AUV integrated control cabin and control method
CN109302201A (en) * 2018-07-30 2019-02-01 上海大学 A kind of small ocean communication switching unit and its application
CN109302201B (en) * 2018-07-30 2021-02-23 上海大学 Small-sized ocean communication conversion device and ocean communication conversion method
CN109270541A (en) * 2018-08-21 2019-01-25 中国科学院声学研究所 A kind of wireless sonar system and method based on underwater sound communication
CN109462442A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-03-12 Oppo广东移动通信有限公司 Communication accessory and electronic device for electronic device
CN109856659A (en) * 2019-01-21 2019-06-07 同济大学 Preventing seabed base positions time service and data record system and method
CN110429966A (en) * 2019-07-16 2019-11-08 天津大学 Floating marine formula communication relay system and its communication means based on distributed reception
CN111137405A (en) * 2020-01-08 2020-05-12 中国电子科技集团公司电子科学研究院 Data transmission system

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