CN207244530U - A kind of combined sweeper - Google Patents

A kind of combined sweeper Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207244530U
CN207244530U CN201721077146.1U CN201721077146U CN207244530U CN 207244530 U CN207244530 U CN 207244530U CN 201721077146 U CN201721077146 U CN 201721077146U CN 207244530 U CN207244530 U CN 207244530U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
vehicle frame
support arm
traveling motor
oil
motor
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Active
Application number
CN201721077146.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
熊孝伟
张业鹏
程龙
吴斌方
靳杰
华中平
熊新
万雳
郭锐
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HUBEI SHIRUIDA HEAVY ENGINEERING MACHINERY CO., LTD.
Hubei University of Technology
Original Assignee
HUBEI SHIRUIDA HEAVY ENGINEERING MACHINERY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201721077146.1U priority Critical patent/CN207244530U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207244530U publication Critical patent/CN207244530U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of combined sweeper, including, vehicle body, it includes vehicle frame and the driver's cabin being arranged on vehicle frame;Highway walking system, including the chassis being arranged under vehicle frame, the rubber tyre being arranged on chassis and the piggyback pod being arranged on vehicle frame;Railway steering, including the forecarriage and trailing bogie being arranged under vehicle frame;The system of sweeping is washed, including the dustbin and water tank that are arranged on vehicle frame, the exhaust fan being arranged on vehicle frame, the garbage collection suction inlet that is arranged under vehicle frame and is connected with dustbin and is arranged under vehicle frame and sweeps disk;High low speed fluid power system, including traveling motor before traveling motor, the left front traveling motor connected with oil inlet and oil outlet through electromagnetic switch valve and the right side behind oil inlet, oil outlet, electromagnetic switch valve, the left back traveling motor connected with oil inlet and oil outlet and the right side, and the motor rinse-system being arranged between oil inlet and oil outlet.The utility model is suitable for the cleaning to highway and railway, and sweeping efficiency is high.

Description

A kind of combined sweeper
Technical field
It the utility model is related to tramcar technical field, and in particular to a kind of combined sweeper.
Background technology
Tramcar develops rapidly in China in recent years as a kind of public transport.Tramcar is a kind of The low freight volume track traffic of row is mixed suitable for road surface, with route curve radius is small, climbing capacity is strong, energy saving, pollution-free, low noise The advantages that sound, small investment.To build ecocity, ensure tramcar operating line, circuit peripheral facility, rolling stock section and platform Peripheral facility cleaning, cleaning become one of key factor of car operation.
Utility model content
In view of the above-mentioned problems, it is necessary to provide a kind of combined sweeper, to solve streetcar track and highway Cleaning problem.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model:A kind of combined sweeper, including,
Vehicle body, it includes vehicle frame and is arranged at the driver's cabin of described vehicle frame one end;
Highway walking system, it includes being arranged at chassis below the vehicle frame, is arranged at the rubber at the chassis both ends Tire and the piggyback pod being arranged above the vehicle frame;
Railway steering, it includes being arranged at the forecarriage and trailing bogie below the vehicle frame;
Wash the system of sweeping, it include being arranged at dustbin above the vehicle frame, be arranged above the vehicle frame and with it is described Exhaust fan that dustbin is connected, the water tank being arranged above the vehicle frame, be arranged at below the vehicle frame and with the rubbish Garbage collection suction inlet that case is connected and it is arranged at below the vehicle frame and sweeps disk;
High low speed fluid power system, it include oil inlet, oil outlet, electromagnetic switch valve, with the oil inlet and described Left back traveling motor that oil outlet directly connects and it is right after traveling motor, with the oil inlet and the oil outlet pass through the electricity Traveling motor before the left front traveling motor of magnetic switch valve connection and the right side, and be arranged between the oil inlet and the oil outlet Motor rinse-system.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:By the lifting of forecarriage and trailing bogie, to complete highway and iron The switching of the two kinds of driving modes in road, to realize the traveling on different roads;By sweeping the setting of disk and garbage collection suction inlet, come The cleaning to highway or railroad track is completed, cleaning is more convenient, and sweeping efficiency higher;Pass through high low speed fluid power system Setting, realize being switched fast for high low speed, and speed during fast mode can be twice of low-speed mode under square one.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 show the structure diagram of combined sweeper in the utility model.
Fig. 2 show the front view of forecarriage in the utility model.
Fig. 3 show the top view of forecarriage in the utility model.
Fig. 4 show the top view of trailing bogie in the utility model.
Fig. 5 show the front view of trailing bogie in the utility model.
Fig. 6 show the structure diagram of high low speed fluid power system in the utility model.
Embodiment
The utility model is further described below in conjunction with attached drawing, illustrated embodiment is served only for explaining the utility model, It is not intended to limit the scope of the utility model.
It is a kind of structure diagram of combined sweeper 100 provided by the utility model as shown in Figure 1, including vehicle body 10th, highway walking system 20, railway steering 30, wash the system of sweeping 40 and high low speed fluid power system 50.
Major architectural structure of the vehicle body 10 as whole vehicle, including vehicle frame 11 and driver's cabin 12, driver's cabin 12 are arranged at 11 one end of vehicle frame.
Main body of the highway walking system 20 as whole vehicle hoofing part in highway pattern, including chassis 21, rubber Tire 22 and piggyback pod 23, chassis 21 are arranged at below vehicle frame 11, and in the present embodiment, chassis 21 is using the bright and beautiful 5000 wheelbase chassis in day 21, rubber tyre 22 is arranged at 21 both ends of chassis, drives its traveling by chassis 21, piggyback pod 23 is arranged at the top of vehicle frame 11, makees For the power resources of whole vehicle.
Railway steering 30 hoofing part and the main body turned in railroad mode as whole vehicle, including front steering Frame 31 and trailing bogie 32, trailing bogie 32 are hydraulic-driven, the driving main body travelled when being railroad mode, and forecarriage 31 is Follow-up steering frame, primarily serves the effect of guiding.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, forecarriage 31 includes the first fixed seat 311A, the second fixed seat 311B, the first support arm 312nd, the second support arm 313, the 3rd support arm 314, preceding hydraulic cylinder 315, front beam 316, front-end bearing pedestal 317, front jockey wheel 318 and preceding drag link 319.First fixed seat 311A and the second fixed seat 311B is arranged side by side on vehicle frame 11, for fixing it His component.First support arm 312, the second support arm 313 and the 3rd support arm 314 are to act the critical piece transmitted, first 312 one end of brace is articulated with the first fixed seat 311A, can be rotated around the first fixed seat 311A, the other end then with the second support arm 313 one end is hinged, both can relatively rotate, and one end of the other end and the 3rd support arm 314 of the second support arm 313 is hinged, Both can also relatively rotate, and the 3rd support arm 314 and the hinged one end of the second support arm 313 are fixed on front beam 316 at the same time, The other end of 3rd support arm 314 is articulated with the second fixed seat 311B, can be rotated around the second fixed seat 311B.Preceding hydraulic cylinder The 315 driving main bodys for being lifted and being put down as forecarriage 31, preceding 315 one end of hydraulic cylinder are articulated with the second fixed seat 311B On, the other end is then articulated with the first support arm 312 and the second support arm 313 is hinged place.The flexible meeting of preceding hydraulic cylinder 315 Drive the 314 corresponding rotation of the first support arm 312, the second support arm 313 and the 3rd support arm, and then by preceding hydraulic cylinder 315 Expanding-contracting action be converted into the spinning movement of the first support arm 312, the second support arm 313 and the 3rd support arm 314.Second support One end that 313 and the 3rd support arm 314 of arm is hinged is fixed on front beam 316, thus, the first support arm 312, second The action of 313 and the 3rd support arm 314 of brace can drive the raising and lowering of front beam 316.316 both ends of front beam are respectively hinged with One front-end bearing pedestal 317, two front-end bearing pedestals 317 are symmetrical arranged, and front-end bearing pedestal 317 can carry out low-angle around 316 both ends of front beam Swing, the synchronism of two 318 beats of front jockey wheel in the same side during adapting to pass through small curve radius on track.Each front axle Opposite front beam 316 is respectively symmetrically connected with two front jockey wheels 318 in bearing 317, specifically, front-end bearing pedestal 317 and leading Pass through bearing and axis connection to wheel 318.Preceding 319 both ends of drag link are individually fixed on two front-end bearing pedestals 317 and parallel to preceding Crossbeam 316, to ensure two front-end bearing pedestals 317, swing angle is the same in the process of moving, it is ensured that driving safety, also may be such that car Pass through the track of 25m sweeps.Since front-end bearing pedestal 317, front jockey wheel 318 and preceding drag link 319 are connected with each other And be finally secured on front beam 316, therefore the raising and lowering of front beam 316 action can drive above-mentioned component rise together and under Drop, finally realizes the folding and unfolding of forecarriage 31.In the present embodiment, hydraulic cylinder, the first support arm 312,313 and of the second support arm The quantity of 3rd support arm 314 is disposed as two, and four correspond according to the connection of connection mode above composition a set of three It is symmetrically disposed on after linkage between vehicle frame 11 and crossbeam, that is, there are the both ends that two sets of three-link mechanisms act on crossbeam at the same time, So that beam force is more uniformly distributed, the raising and lowering of sleeve mechanism also more steady and smooth.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, trailing bogie 32 includes link 321, rotating support 322, rear cross beam 323, elevator Structure 324, rear bearing block 325, rear directive wheel 326, hydraulic motor 327 and rear drag link 328.Link 321 is fixed on vehicle frame 11 On, for trailing bogie 32 to be fixed on vehicle frame 11.322 one end of rotating support is articulated with link 321, the other end with Rear cross beam 323 connects, and rotating support 322 can be rotated around with the tie point of link 321.324 one end of elevating mechanism is arranged at On link 321, other end connection rear cross beam 323, specifically, in order to ensure 324 stable working of elevating mechanism, rear cross beam 323 Uniform force, saves space, elevating mechanism 324 includes a connecting shaft 3241 and two hydraulic cylinders 3242, connecting shaft 3241 are fixed In on link 321, two 3242 one end of hydraulic cylinder are fixed in connecting shaft 3241, other end connection rear cross beam 323, and two Hydraulic cylinder 3242 is symmetrical arranged.Rear cross beam 323 is moved under the drive of two hydraulic cylinders 3242, compared to one hydraulic oil Cylinder, the stress of rear cross beam 323 more uniformly simultaneously as two hydraulic cylinders act at the same time, can correspond to each hydraulic cylinder institute The power smaller that need to be provided, thus the size design of each component also can smaller it is a little, so as to avoid large-size components from taking more spaces.Afterwards Bearing block 325 is symmetrically disposed on 323 both ends of rear cross beam, specifically, the connection mode of rear bearing block 325 and rear cross beam 323 is hinge Connect, thus rear bearing block 325 can carry out the swing of low-angle around 323 both ends of rear cross beam, to adapt on track by small curve half During footpath behind the same side two 326 beat of directive wheel synchronism.Directive wheel 326 and hydraulic motor 327 are respectively arranged at rear axle afterwards 325 both sides of bearing and interconnection, hydraulic motor 327 are used for directive wheel 326 after driving and operate, rear directive wheel 326 and hydraulic pressure horse Quantity up to 327 is four, and the two supporting assembling one by one.Drag link 328 is arranged on rear bearing block 325 afterwards, specifically, The both ends of drag link 328 are connected with two rear bearing blocks 325 respectively afterwards, to ensure two rear bearing blocks 325 in the process of moving Swing angle is the same, it is ensured that driving safety, also may be such that vehicle passes through the track of 25m sweeps.In order to further add Strong cleaning performance, in the present embodiment, trailing bogie 32 further includes track groove suction inlet 329 and Flushing nozzle 46, track groove suction inlet 329 Vertical to run through rear cross beam 323 and face track groove, track groove suction inlet 329 is connected with rear cross beam 323 using round slide, track groove Suction inlet 329 can be around the central point Small-angle Rotation of circuit orbit, to ensure when by track of the sweep as 25m, track Trough mouth 329 is without departing from rail level, and track groove suction inlet 329 is mainly used for collecting the debris in track groove, and Flushing nozzle 46 is fixed In on rear bearing block 325, specifically, the equal alignment rail groove of Flushing nozzle 46, to complete to the flushing inside track groove.
Wash the agent structure that the system of sweeping 40 is cleaned as whole vehicle, including dustbin 41, exhaust fan 42, water tank 43, rubbish Rubbish collects suction inlet 44 and sweeps disk 45.Dustbin 41 is arranged at the top of vehicle frame 11, and for accommodating the debris being collected into, exhaust fan 42 is set It is placed in the top of vehicle frame 11 and is connected with dustbin 41, for forming negative pressure in dustbin 41, water tank 43 is arranged at vehicle frame 11 Top, cleaning water is provided for cleaning process, and garbage collection suction inlet 44 is arranged at the lower section of vehicle frame 11 and is connected with dustbin 41, In the case of being negative pressure in dustbin 41, the debris of track or road surface can be absorbed into dustbin 41, sweep disk 45 and be arranged at The lower section of vehicle frame 11, for the rubbish of track or road surface both sides to be swept to centre position.In order to further strengthen cleaning effect, disk is swept 45 and garbage collection suction inlet 44 around be also equipped with Flushing nozzle 46, for being rinsed to track or road surface;In order to prevent by The dust being absorbed into dustbin 41 is taken out of by exhaust fan 42 again, and one end that garbage collection suction inlet 44 stretches into dustbin 41 is set There is shower head 47, rinsed for carrying out water leaching to the debris for entering dustbin 41 via garbage collection suction inlet 44, reach depositing dust Purpose.
High low speed fluid power system 50 realizes the critical piece of speed switching as whole vehicle in railroad mode, such as Shown in Fig. 6, it include oil inlet 51, oil outlet 52, electromagnetic switch valve 53, left back traveling motor 54L, it is right after traveling motor 54R, Traveling motor 55R and motor rinse-system 56 before left front traveling motor 55L, the right side.Oil inlet 51 and oil outlet 52 are used as hydraulic oil The inlet and outlet of circulation, oil inlet 51 and oil outlet 52 directly connect traveling motor 54R behind left back traveling motor 54L and the right side, hydraulic pressure Oil can all enter under any circumstance left back traveling motor 54L and it is right after traveling motor 54R be circulated, oil inlet 51 and fuel-displaced Mouth 52 is respectively communicated with left front traveling motor 55L and traveling motor 55R before the right side via electromagnetic switch valve 53, passes through electromagnetic switch valve 53 Traveling motor 55R is circulated before whether control hydraulic oil enters left front traveling motor 55L and the right side, specifically, working as whole system During in fast mode, electromagnetic switch valve 53 is closed, the hydraulic oil of system via oil inlet 51 enter left back traveling motor 54L and Traveling motor 54R behind the right side, at this time, left back traveling motor 54L are rotated with traveling motor 54R power drives behind the right side, left front traveling horse Traveling motor 55R is servo-actuated before up to 55L and the right side;When whole system is in low-speed mode, electromagnetic switch valve 53 is opened, the liquid of system Pressure oil is via traveling before traveling motor 54R, left front traveling motor 55L behind the left back traveling motor 54L of the entrance of oil inlet 51, the right side and the right side Motor 55R, the equal power drive of four motors rotates, since the hydraulic fluid flow rate of system is certain, therefore speed meeting during fast mode Twice of speed when being low-speed mode under square one.Motor rinse-system 56 includes a flushing valve 561 and a flushing is overflow Valve 562 is flowed, flushing valve 561 and flushing overflow valve 562 are arranged between oil inlet 51 and oil outlet 52 after connecting, and rinse overflow valve 562 directly connect left back traveling motor 54L, it is right after traveling motor 55R before traveling motor 54R, left front traveling motor 55L and the right side. When needing to be rinsed whole system, flushing valve 561 is opened, hydraulic oil can be by flushing valve 561 by rinsing overflow valve 562 Internal punching is carried out to traveling motor 55R before traveling motor 54R, left front traveling motor 55L behind left back traveling motor 54L, the right side and the right side Wash, while when 561 operating pressure of flushing valve exceedes preset value, carry out overflow can be automatically opened up by rinsing overflow valve 562, to play The effect of overload protection.In practical work process, there is a situation where hydraulic fluid leak or loss, in order to ensure liquid in whole system Pressure oil oil mass it is constant, high low speed fluid power system 50 further includes spare an oily oil inlet 57 and multiple check valves 58, spare Oily oil inlet 57 via check valve 58 directly connect left front traveling motor 55L and it is right before traveling motor 55R, therefore the hydraulic pressure in system In the case that oil is reduced, reserve liquid pressure oil can via spare oily oil inlet 57 then by check valve 58 enter whole system it In, to supplement the hydraulic oil of reduction in whole system, hydraulic oil that check valve 58 can be in anti-locking system flow backward to spare oil into Hydraulic fluid port 57.In order to grasp the operating pressure of whole system in time, high low speed fluid power system 50 further includes an oil pressure sensor 59, oil pressure sensor 59 is arranged between oil inlet 51 and oil outlet 52, for detecting the operating pressure of whole system in real time, and The pressure value detected is sent to monitoring center in real time.
The operation principle of the utility model:During highway pattern, forecarriage 31 and trailing bogie 32 rise and, by chassis 21 driving rubber tyres 22 travel, at the same control sweep disk 45 and garbage collection suction inlet 44 height highway pavement clean and The collection of rubbish;During railroad mode, forecarriage 31 and trailing bogie 32 are put down, and chassis 21 rises to rubber tyre 22 and departs from rail Face, vehicle traction traveling is carried out by the hydraulic drive of trailing bogie 32, while disk 45 and garbage collection suction inlet 44 are swept in adjustment Height railway road surface and track are cleaned and the collection of rubbish.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:By the lifting of forecarriage and trailing bogie, to complete highway and iron The switching of the two kinds of driving modes in road, to realize the traveling on different roads;By sweeping the setting of disk and garbage collection suction inlet, come The cleaning to highway or railroad track is completed, cleaning is more convenient, and sweeping efficiency higher;Pass through high low speed fluid power system Setting, realize being switched fast for high low speed, and speed during fast mode can be twice of low-speed mode under square one.
It these are only the preferred embodiment of the utility model, be not intended to limit the utility model, it is all in the utility model Spirit and principle within, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on, should be included in the protection model of the utility model Within enclosing.

Claims (9)

  1. A kind of 1. combined sweeper, it is characterised in that including,
    Vehicle body, it includes vehicle frame and is arranged at the driver's cabin of described vehicle frame one end;
    Highway walking system, it includes being arranged at chassis below the vehicle frame, is arranged at the rubber tyre at the chassis both ends With the piggyback pod being arranged above the vehicle frame;
    Railway steering, it includes being arranged at the forecarriage and trailing bogie below the vehicle frame;
    Wash the system of sweeping, it include being arranged at dustbin above the vehicle frame, be arranged above the vehicle frame and with the rubbish Exhaust fan that case is connected, the water tank being arranged above the vehicle frame, be arranged at below the vehicle frame and with the dustbin phase The garbage collection suction inlet of connection and it is arranged at below the vehicle frame and sweeps disk;
    High low speed fluid power system, it include oil inlet, oil outlet, electromagnetic switch valve, with the oil inlet and described fuel-displaced Traveling motor after the left back traveling motor that directly connects of mouth and the right side, opened with the oil inlet and the oil outlet by the electromagnetism Close the left front traveling motor and traveling motor before the right side, and the motor being arranged between the oil inlet and the oil outlet of valve connection Rinse-system.
  2. 2. combined sweeper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that forecarriage includes the first fixed seat, second Fixed seat, the first support arm, the second support arm, the 3rd support arm, preceding hydraulic cylinder, front beam, front-end bearing pedestal, front jockey wheel and Preceding drag link, first fixed seat and second fixed seat are arranged side by side on the vehicle frame, first support arm one End is articulated with first fixed seat, and the one end of the other end then with second support arm is hinged, second support arm One end of the other end and the 3rd support arm is hinged, and the 3rd support arm and the hinged one end of second support arm are at the same time It is fixed on the front beam, the other end of the 3rd support arm is articulated with second fixed seat, the preceding hydraulic oil Cylinder one end is articulated with second fixed seat, and the other end is then articulated with first support arm and second support arm is mutual Hinged place, the front beam both ends are respectively hinged with a front-end bearing pedestal, relatively described front beam on each front-end bearing pedestal Two front jockey wheels are symmetrically arranged with, the preceding drag link both ends are individually fixed on two front-end bearing pedestals and parallel In the front beam.
  3. 3. combined sweeper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the trailing bogie includes link, rotation Supporting rack, rear cross beam, elevating mechanism, rear bearing block, rear directive wheel, hydraulic motor and rear drag link, the link are fixed on On the vehicle frame, described rotating support one end is articulated with the link, and the other end is connected with the rear cross beam, the liter Descending mechanism one end is arranged on the link, and the other end connects the rear cross beam, and the rear bearing block is symmetrically disposed on described Rear cross beam both ends, the rear directive wheel and the hydraulic motor are respectively arranged at the rear bearing block both sides and interconnection, institute Rear drag link is stated to be arranged on the rear bearing block.
  4. 4. combined sweeper as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the elevating mechanism includes a connecting shaft and two A hydraulic cylinder, the connecting shaft are fixed on the link, and two described hydraulic cylinder one end are fixed in the connecting shaft, separately One end connects the crossbeam, and two hydraulic cylinders are symmetrical arranged.
  5. 5. combined sweeper as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the trailing bogie further includes track groove suction inlet And Flushing nozzle, the track groove suction inlet are connected through the rear cross beam and using round slide, institute with the rear cross beam vertically Flushing nozzle is stated to be fixed on the rear bearing block.
  6. 6. combined sweeper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described to sweep disk and garbage collection suction inlet week Enclose and be also equipped with Flushing nozzle, one end that the garbage collection suction inlet stretches into the dustbin is provided with shower head.
  7. 7. combined sweeper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the motor rinse-system includes a flushing valve Rinse overflow valve with one, be arranged at after the flushing valve and the flushing overflow valve series connection oil inlet and the oil outlet it Between, the flushing overflow valve directly connect the left back traveling motor, it is described it is right after traveling motor, the left front traveling motor and Traveling motor before the right side.
  8. 8. combined sweeper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the high low speed fluid power system further includes One oil pressure sensor, the oil pressure sensor are arranged between the oil inlet and the oil outlet.
  9. 9. combined sweeper as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the high low speed fluid power system further includes One spare oily oil inlet and multiple check valves, the spare oily oil inlet directly connect the left front traveling via the check valve Traveling motor before motor and the right side.
CN201721077146.1U 2017-08-26 2017-08-26 A kind of combined sweeper Active CN207244530U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721077146.1U CN207244530U (en) 2017-08-26 2017-08-26 A kind of combined sweeper

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721077146.1U CN207244530U (en) 2017-08-26 2017-08-26 A kind of combined sweeper

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207244530U true CN207244530U (en) 2018-04-17

Family

ID=61883374

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721077146.1U Active CN207244530U (en) 2017-08-26 2017-08-26 A kind of combined sweeper

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207244530U (en)

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Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20180808

Address after: 441100 Xianggang Industrial Park, Xiangzhou District, Xiangyang, Hubei

Co-patentee after: Hubei Industry University

Patentee after: HUBEI SHIRUIDA HEAVY ENGINEERING MACHINERY CO., LTD.

Address before: 441100 Xianggang Industrial Park, Xiangzhou District, Xiangyang, Hubei

Patentee before: HUBEI SHIRUIDA HEAVY ENGINEERING MACHINERY CO., LTD.