CN207162549U - A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace - Google Patents

A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207162549U
CN207162549U CN201720755173.3U CN201720755173U CN207162549U CN 207162549 U CN207162549 U CN 207162549U CN 201720755173 U CN201720755173 U CN 201720755173U CN 207162549 U CN207162549 U CN 207162549U
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China
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gasification combustion
room
burner hearth
pyrolytic gasification
combustion chamber
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CN201720755173.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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杭志龙
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Shanghai Jingxue Scientific Instrument Co.,Ltd.
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Shanghai Hongwei Environmental Protection Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201720755173.3U priority Critical patent/CN207162549U/en
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  • Gasification And Melting Of Waste (AREA)
  • Incineration Of Waste (AREA)

Abstract

Field of environment protection equipment is the utility model is related to, particularly a kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace.Including charging aperture, pyrolytic gasification combustion flue, burner hearth, gas secondary combustion chamber, chilling spray room, spiral dirt pocket, pulse dust removal room, air-introduced machine, desulphurization denitration room and exhaust opening, the charging aperture, pyrolytic gasification combustion flue, burner hearth, slag-drip opening are that in-line is arranged in order arrangement, and the gas secondary combustion chamber, chilling spray room, spiral dirt pocket, pulse dust removal room, air-introduced machine, desulphurization denitration room, exhaust opening are that in-line is arranged in order and is arranged vertically with above-mentioned pyrolytic gasification combustion flue;The air inlet of the gas secondary combustion chamber is located in the middle part of pyrolytic gasification combustion flue.The utility model is realized heat energy recycling, is solve thed problems, such as that rubbish is moist, can not burnt, improved incineration firing efficiency, reduce environmental pollution by the pyrolytic gasification combustion flue, burner hearth and gas secondary combustion chamber of integrated design.

Description

A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace
Technical field
Field of environment protection equipment is the utility model is related to, particularly a kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace.
Background technology
China villages and towns in rural areas rubbish is using simple landfill, open incineration and arbitrarily topples over etc. and to fall behind processing mode, thus Cause environmental pollution.By national environmental protection department requirement, all house refuses must deliver to special field's burning disposal, after burning Fume emission should meet country《Consumer waste incineration contamination control standard》(GB18485-2001) requirement, while Er Evil English discharge also should be completely up to standard.In the case of the market demand is increasingly increased, increasing manufacturer starts production and living Waste incinerator, and waste incineration station is established on villages and small towns periphery, the problem of not only solving garbage disposal, while solve to burn station Point is remote, the problem of garbage transportation cost costliness.But because house refuse is typically all air storage, burn often rainy days It is moist to burn material, the phenomenon that can not be burnt, causes burning facility not work.Although it is intact to burn site apparatus, material Moisture effect burning effect, in this case, it is necessary to novel device, solve the problems, such as material humidity.
Existing refuse treatment plant merely relates to the burning disposal to rubbish, and the improvement to incinerator, still Still the moisture issues of rubbish in itself can not be solved, publication No. is that the A of CN 104087334 utility model patent discloses one kind Pyrolysis furnace, but it is a kind of electromagnetic wave pyrolysis furnace for being directed to the high pollution waste materials such as rubber tyre and designing, and is not to be directed to rubbish sheet Moisture and aqueous vapor contained by body, still can not solve the problems such as being difficult to caused by rubbish humidity burn.
Utility model content
Deficiency, the utility model provide a kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace, effectively rubbish can be entered for more than The integral type processing such as row pyrolysis, gasification, dry, burning, solves the moisture issues during incineration firing.
The technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace, including charging aperture, pyrolytic gasification combustion flue, burner hearth, gas second-time burning Room, chilling spray room, spiral dirt pocket, pulse dust removal room, air-introduced machine, desulphurization denitration room and exhaust opening, the charging aperture, pyrolysis Gasification combustion flue, burner hearth, slag-drip opening are that in-line is arranged in order arrangement, the gas secondary combustion chamber, chilling spray room, spiral shell Rotation dirt pocket, pulse dust removal room, air-introduced machine, desulphurization denitration room, exhaust opening be in-line be arranged in order and with above-mentioned pyrolytic gasification Combustion flue is arranged vertically;The air inlet of the gas secondary combustion chamber is located in the middle part of pyrolytic gasification combustion flue.
The pyrolytic gasification combustion flue cross section gradually increases from charging aperture to burner hearth.
The pyrolytic gasification combustion flue tilts gradually downward from charging aperture to burner hearth.
The ignition temperature of the burner hearth is 900-1100 DEG C.
The ignition temperature of the gas secondary combustion chamber is 1100 DEG C.
The utility model passes through the pyrolytic gasification combustion flue, burner hearth and gas secondary combustion chamber of integrated design, rubbish The fuel gas such as carbon monoxide, gaseous hydrocarbons are resolved into pyrolytic gasification combustion flue to be burnt into gas secondary combustion chamber, heat Solid residue after solution gasification fully burns into burner hearth, and heat caused by gas and solid residue burning is used to carry For the heat energy needed for pyrolytic gasification and garbage drying, heat energy recycling is realized, rubbish humidity is efficiently solved, can not burn The problem of, incineration firing efficiency is improved, and the burning of rubbish is thorough, reduces environmental pollution.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace stereogram;
Fig. 2 is the utility model refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace left view.
Embodiment
Design, concrete structure and caused technique effect of the present utility model are made furtherly below with reference to accompanying drawing It is bright, to be fully understood from the purpose of this utility model, feature and effect.
With reference to figure 1, refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace of the present utility model, including charging aperture 11, pyrolytic gasification combustion flue 12, combustion Burn burner hearth 13, gas secondary combustion chamber 21, chilling spray room 22, spiral dirt pocket 23, pulse dust removal room 24, air-introduced machine 25, de- Sulphur denitration chamber 26 and exhaust opening 27, the charging aperture 11, pyrolytic gasification combustion flue 12, burner hearth 13, slag-drip opening 14 are in-line It is arranged in order arrangement, the gas secondary combustion chamber 21, chilling spray room 22, spiral dirt pocket 23, pulse dust removal room 24, air inducing Machine 25, desulphurization denitration room 26, exhaust opening 27 are that in-line is arranged in order and is arranged vertically with above-mentioned pyrolytic gasification combustion flue 12;It is described The air inlet of gas secondary combustion chamber 21 is located at the middle part of pyrolytic gasification combustion flue 12.
Rubbish enters pyrolytic gasification combustion flue 12 by charging aperture 11, and burner hearth 13 is progressed under the promotion of piston.By Connect in gas secondary combustion chamber 21 with pyrolytic gasification combustion flue 12, be full of in pyrolytic gasification combustion flue 12 in the presence of air-introduced machine 25 High-temperature flue gas, rubbish are dried in pyrolytic gasification combustion flue 12, are pyrolyzed and gasified, and it is flammable to resolve into carbon monoxide, gaseous hydrocarbons etc. Gas, and the solid-liquid residue such as tar liquid, carbon, inorganic dirt and inert substance.
Solid-liquid residue burns into burner hearth 13, oxidation and reduction reaction is realized, specifically, in solid-liquid residue Violent oxidation reaction occurs for carbon, tar and oxygen, generates CO2And H2O, ignition temperature are 900-1100 DEG C, heat caused by burning Amount is used for providing the heat needed for reduction reaction and pyrolysis in pyrolytic gasification combustion flue, gasification, drying etc., in reduction reaction In, CO2And H2O is reduced by red-hot C, produces CO, H2Deng fuel gas.Residue caused by burning is from the lower section of burner hearth 13 Slag-drip opening is discharged.
Caused fuel gas is from the air inlet positioned at the middle part of pyrolytic gasification combustion flue 12 in pyrolytic gasification and combustion process Into gas secondary combustion chamber 21, fully burning is realized in a combustion chamber, the ignition temperature of gas secondary combustion chamber 21 is 1100 DEG C or so, flue gas combustion chamber residence time more than 2 seconds, thoroughly burn up pernicious gas Ji bioxin.Flue gas after burning enters Enter chilling spray room 22 and carry out spraying cooling, dust and impurity are removed subsequently into spiral dirt pocket 23 and pulse dust removal room 24, The sulphur and nitre entered back into the removing of desulphurization denitration room 26 gas, finally drains into air from exhaust opening 27.
With reference to figure 2, run for the ease of rubbish from charging aperture 11 to burner hearth 13, the pyrolytic gasification combustion flue 12 is transversal Face gradually increases from charging aperture 11 to burner hearth 13, and tilts gradually downward.Feeding intake and dreg removing system continuous and steady operation External condition under, the physical and chemical process of each conversion zone is continuously and stably carried out in stove, refuse pyrolysis gas of the present utility model Changing combustion furnace can continuously, normally operate, and can not only solve the problems, such as due to that can not be burnt caused by rubbish humidity, Er Qieke Thoroughly to decompose the poisonous and harmful substance in rubbish, it is fully burned, reduce and air, environmental pollution, burning are produced Heat energy can obtain fully effectively utilizing, reduce the consumption for the energy sources, realize low cost and effective garbage disposal.
Disclosed above is only embodiment of the present utility model, and still, the utility model is not limited to this, any ability What the technical staff in domain can think change should all fall into the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace, it is characterised in that including charging aperture(11), pyrolytic gasification combustion flue(12), burning Burner hearth(13), gas secondary combustion chamber(21), chilling spray room(22), spiral dirt pocket(23), pulse dust removal room(24), air inducing Machine(25), desulphurization denitration room(26)And exhaust opening(27), the charging aperture(11), pyrolytic gasification combustion flue(12), burner hearth (13), slag-drip opening(14)Arrangement, the gas secondary combustion chamber are arranged in order for in-line(21), chilling spray room(22), spiral shell Revolve dirt pocket(23), pulse dust removal room(24), air-introduced machine(25), desulphurization denitration room(26), exhaust opening(27)For in-line successively Arrangement and with above-mentioned pyrolytic gasification combustion flue(12)It is arranged vertically;The gas secondary combustion chamber(21)Air inlet be located at pyrolysis gas Change combustion flue(12)Middle part.
2. refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the pyrolytic gasification combustion flue(12)It is horizontal Section is from charging aperture(11)To burner hearth(13)Gradually increase.
3. refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the pyrolytic gasification combustion flue(12)From Charging aperture(11)To burner hearth(13)Tilt gradually downward.
4. refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the burner hearth(13)Burning Temperature is 900-1100 DEG C.
5. refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the gas secondary combustion chamber(21) Ignition temperature be 1100 DEG C.
CN201720755173.3U 2017-06-27 2017-06-27 A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace Active CN207162549U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720755173.3U CN207162549U (en) 2017-06-27 2017-06-27 A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720755173.3U CN207162549U (en) 2017-06-27 2017-06-27 A kind of refuse pyrolysis gasification combustion furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207162549U true CN207162549U (en) 2018-03-30

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109966900A (en) * 2019-03-08 2019-07-05 厦门东江环保科技有限公司 A kind of flue gas purification system of pyrolysis gasification furnace
CN111895413A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-06 国网湖北省电力有限公司孝感供电公司 Material waste cable pyrolysis recycling and disposal device and using method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109966900A (en) * 2019-03-08 2019-07-05 厦门东江环保科技有限公司 A kind of flue gas purification system of pyrolysis gasification furnace
CN109966900B (en) * 2019-03-08 2021-09-03 厦门东江环保科技有限公司 Flue gas purification system of pyrolysis gasifier
CN111895413A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-11-06 国网湖北省电力有限公司孝感供电公司 Material waste cable pyrolysis recycling and disposal device and using method thereof

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TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20201014

Address after: 201114 A304 room, No. 189, Chun Chun Road, Shanghai, Minhang District

Patentee after: Shanghai Jingxue Scientific Instrument Co.,Ltd.

Address before: Room 1104, floor 6, building 9, No.1, Yangming Road, Xinghuo Development Zone, Fengxian District, Shanghai, 201419

Patentee before: SHANGHAI HONGWEI ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.