CN207160064U - A kind of template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer - Google Patents

A kind of template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207160064U
CN207160064U CN201721115731.6U CN201721115731U CN207160064U CN 207160064 U CN207160064 U CN 207160064U CN 201721115731 U CN201721115731 U CN 201721115731U CN 207160064 U CN207160064 U CN 207160064U
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China
Prior art keywords
curved roof
curved
harden structure
waterproof layer
fish tail
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CN201721115731.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘刚
刘诚
时二欢
高艺鸣
吴帅燚
杨永峰
高杰
张学军
高冬
范志洋
刘明
李宪智
张春霖
杨南
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Zhongjian First Group Construction Co Ltd
China Construction First Group Corp Ltd
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Zhongjian First Group Construction Co Ltd
China Construction First Group Corp Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer, include left mould harden structure, right mould harden structure, be separately positioned on two cushion blocks between formwork structure and curved roof and the connection component being connected between two formwork structure upper ends;The vertical section of the left mould harden structure is curved, and the left surface radian of its radian and curved roof is adapted;The vertical section of the right mould harden structure is curved, and the radian of its radian and curved roof right flank is adapted;The connection component includes connecting rod and connecting bolt;The connecting rod has one group, and longitudinally parallel to be disposed between curved roof over top, two formwork structures, wherein every connecting rod is curved, the radian of the top outside of its radian and curved roof is adapted.The utility model solves the technical problem that traditional curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer construction method concrete in concreting is easy to fall off, concrete leakiness and bounce situations are more serious.

Description

A kind of template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer
Technical field
A kind of fish tail and waterproof layer formwork structure is the utility model is related to, specifically a kind of open trench tunnel curved roof waterproof is protected The template system of sheath.
Background technology
In open trench tunnel construction, constructed for the fish tail and waterproof layer of curved roof, because radian is steeper, concrete water-proof Protective layer is easy to self waterproofing basal plane when pouring and come off, and causing fish tail and waterproof layer to pour can not be applied according to layout design thickness Work;But if constructed using the method for gunite concrete, it may appear that concrete leakiness, dust pollution and bounce situations are tighter The technical problem of weight.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer, to solve Traditional curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer construction method concrete in concreting is easy to fall off, concrete leakiness and return The more serious technical problem of bullet situation.
To achieve the above object, the utility model adopts the following technical scheme that.
A kind of template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer, branch are located at the outside of curved roof, included Left mould harden structure, right mould harden structure, it is separately positioned on two cushion blocks between formwork structure and curved roof and is connected to two Connection component between individual formwork structure upper end;The left templates structure setting passes through solid in the left side of curved roof, its lower end Determine part to be fixed on the ground on the left of curved roof, upper end extends to curved roof top and between curved roof top The length of curved line is 3200mm ~ 3600mm, and the vertical section of the left mould harden structure is curved, and its radian and arched top The left surface radian of plate is adapted;The right mould harden structure is arranged on the right side of curved roof, and its lower end is fixed on by fixture On ground on the right side of curved roof, upper end extends to the length of curved roof top and the curved line between curved roof top Spend for 3200mm ~ 3600mm, the vertical section of the right mould harden structure is curved, and its radian and curved roof right flank Radian is adapted;The connection component includes connecting rod and connecting bolt;The connecting rod has one group, longitudinally parallel Every being arranged between curved roof over top, two formwork structures, wherein every connecting rod is curved, its radian and arched top The radian of the top outside of plate is adapted;Two groups of the connecting bolt, one of which is correspondingly connected to left mould harden structure and company Between the left end of extension bar, another group is correspondingly connected between right mould harden structure and the right-hand member of connecting rod.
Preferably, lateral surface arranged for interval of the cushion block along curved roof, the height of cushion block and waterproof to be poured The thickness of protective layer is adapted.
Preferably, the cushion block is spacer or concrete pad, and is passed through between cushion block and curved roof Nian Jie Material is attached.
Preferably, the left mould harden structure and right mould harden structure include the form surfacing of arc, longitudinally parallel Every the arc being pressed on the outside of form surfacing secondary joist and arcuately the arc direction parallel interval of top plate is connected to time dragon Longitudinal main joist on the outside of bone.
Preferably, the spacing between longitudinally adjacent two secondary joists in the left mould harden structure and right mould harden structure is 700mm~800mm。
Preferably, the spacing between adjacent two main joists in the left mould harden structure and right mould harden structure is 800mm~900mm。
Preferably, the form surfacing is wood glue plate or is bamboo slab rubber, and on form surfacing, be correspondingly connected with secondary joist Opening position be provided with perforation;The secondary joist is reinforcing bar or steel pipe, and secondary joist passes through the steel wire and template that are through in perforation Panel colligation connects;The main joist is shaped steel rod member, and is welded to connect between main joist and secondary joist.
Preferably, the top and bottom of the form surfacing of the curved roof both sides are arranged with main joist;Wherein, it is located at On the main joist of form surfacing upper end, longitudinally spaced offer hole;Described hole is correspondingly arranged with connecting rod;The connection Screw rod one end of bolt is welded to connect with the connecting rod of corresponding side, and the other end of connecting bolt passes through the template face of corresponding side In the hole of plate upper end main joist, and fixed by nut.
Preferably, the fixture includes horizontally disposed oil support and is connected to the bracing members of oil support side;The fixation One end that part is provided with oil support is withstood on the main joist of corresponding side form surfacing lower end, and one end that fixture is provided with bracing members is withstood on On adjacent concrete side wall.
The utility model has the characteristics that and beneficial effect compared with prior art.
1st, qualitative template and skeleton in the utility model, can be installed with full wafer, simple to operate, be easy to reinforce, and can be weighed It is used in turn again, cost is relatively low, solve thes problems, such as steeper curved roof concrete water-proof cover concrete construction.
2nd, the template system in the utility model is detachably connected by three parts forms, i.e., left mould harden structure, right mould are hardened Structure and connection component;Wherein it is detachably connected between connection component and left mould harden structure by bolt, connection component and right mould plate It is detachably connected between structure, this connected mode causes template system convenient disassembly, and repeatable to be used in turn, saving is constructed into This.
3rd, the bottom of the left mould harden structure in the utility model and right mould harden structure is held out against by oil support and bracing members, left The top of formwork structure and right mould harden structure is detachably connected by connection component, when concreting is completed to reach predetermined age Afterwards, directly the bracing members of bottom are removed with oil support, the nut at the top of the formwork structure of both sides released, by connecting screw Connecting rod is extracted out, hangs out form surfacing, you can enters the construction of next section of fish tail and waterproof layer;It is easy for construction, effectively raise Efficiency of construction.
4th, the form surfacing in the utility model and secondary joist are made of toughness higher material, can be according to arched top The bending curvature of plate lateral surface into curved roof be adapted radian, the curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer template arc of curvature of solution Degree is whard to control and installs the technical problem of difficulty.
Brief description of the drawings
The utility model is described in more detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the schematic front view of the utility model structure.
Fig. 2 is the mplifying structure schematic diagram of right mould harden structure of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the mplifying structure schematic diagram of right mould harden structure of the present utility model and connection component node.
Reference:1- main joists, 2- secondary joists, 3- form surfacings, 4- connecting rods, 5- connecting bolts, 6- oil Support, 7- cushion blocks, 8- bracing members, 9- curved roofs, 10- fish tail and waterproof layers.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, the template system of this open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer, branch are located at arc The outside of shape top plate 9, include left mould harden structure, right mould harden structure, be separately positioned on two formwork structures and curved roof 9 it Between cushion block 7 and the connection component that is connected between two formwork structure upper ends;The left templates structure setting is in arched top The left side of plate 9, its lower end are fixed on by fixture on the ground in the left side of curved roof 9, and upper end is extended on curved roof 9 The length of portion and the curved line between the top of curved roof 9 is 3200mm ~ 3600mm, and the vertical of the left mould harden structure is cut Face is curved, and the left surface radian of its radian and curved roof 9 is adapted;The right mould harden structure is arranged on curved roof 9 right sides, its lower end are fixed on by fixture on the ground on the right side of curved roof 9, and upper end extends to the top of curved roof 9, simultaneously The length of curved line between the top of curved roof 9 is 3200mm ~ 3600mm, and the vertical section of the right mould harden structure is in arc Shape, and the radian of its radian and the right flank of curved roof 9 is adapted;The connection component includes connecting rod 4 and connection spiral shell Bolt 5;The connecting rod 4 has one group, longitudinally parallel to be disposed between the over top of curved roof 9, two formwork structures; Wherein, every connecting rod 4 is curved, and its radian and the radian of the top outside of curved roof 9 are adapted;The connecting bolt 5 have two groups, and one of which is correspondingly connected between the left end of left mould harden structure and connecting rod 4, and another group is correspondingly connected to right mould Between the right-hand member of harden structure and connecting rod 4.
Certainly in other embodiments, the length of the left mould harden structure and right mould harden structure can be according to practice of construction shape Depending on condition, as long as concrete can be blocked in construction, concrete slump is avoided.
In the present embodiment, lateral surface arranged for interval of the cushion block 7 along curved roof 9, the height of cushion block 7 pours with waiting The thickness of fish tail and waterproof layer 10 be adapted.
In the present embodiment, the cushion block 7 is spacer or concrete pad, and is led between cushion block 7 and curved roof 9 Adhesives is crossed to be attached.
In the present embodiment, the left mould harden structure and right mould harden structure include the form surfacing 3 of arc, flat along longitudinal direction Between-line spacing is pressed on the secondary joist 2 of the arc in the outside of form surfacing 3 and the arcuately arc direction parallel interval connection of top plate 9 Longitudinal main joist 1 in the outside of secondary joist 2.
In the present embodiment, between longitudinally adjacent two secondary joists 2 in the left mould harden structure and right mould harden structure between Away from being 750mm.
Certainly in other embodiments, longitudinally adjacent two secondary joists 2 in the left mould harden structure and right mould harden structure Between spacing can be adjusted according to actual conditions, scope is 700mm ~ 800mm.
In the present embodiment, the spacing between adjacent two main joists 1 in the left mould harden structure and right mould harden structure is equal For 850mm.
Certainly in other embodiments, between adjacent two main joists 1 in the left mould harden structure and right mould harden structure Spacing can be adjusted according to actual conditions, scope is 800mm ~ 900mm.
In the present embodiment, the form surfacing 3 is thick 15mm, long 6m wood glue plate is put together, adjacent two blocks of wood glue plates Edge joint position is bonded sponge strip, and the opening position on form surfacing 3, being correspondingly connected with secondary joist 2 is provided with perforation;The secondary joist 2 For the reinforcing bars of Φ 22, and secondary joist 2 is connected by the steel wire being through in perforation with the colligation of form surfacing 3;The main joist 1 is 10# Channel-section steel rod member is made, and carries out full weld connection in connecting portion between main joist 1 and secondary joist 2;The main joist 1, secondary joist 2 Connected with form surfacing 3 and form entirety.
Certainly in other embodiments, the form surfacing 3 can also be bamboo slab rubber;The secondary joist 2 can also be steel Pipe;The main joist 1 can either other shaped steel rod members such as H profile steel or square steel be made with I-steel.
In the present embodiment, the top and bottom of the form surfacing 3 of the both sides of curved roof 9 are arranged with main joist 1;Its In, on the main joist 1 of the upper end of form surfacing 3, longitudinally spaced offer hole;Described hole is corresponding with connecting rod 4 to be set Put;Screw rod one end of the connecting bolt 5 is welded to connect with the connecting rod 4 of corresponding side, and welding uses single-selded lap joint, is connected The other end of bolt 5 is passed through in the hole of the upper end main joist 1 of form surfacing 3 of corresponding side, and is fixed by nut.
In the present embodiment, nothing in the top of curved roof 9, the spacing between left mould harden structure and right mould harden structure Formwork erection, as concrete drain hole.
In the present embodiment, the fixture includes horizontally disposed oil support 6 and is connected to the bracing members 8 of the side of oil support 6;Institute State the one end of fixture provided with oil support 6 to withstand on the main joist 1 of the corresponding lower end of side form surfacing 3, fixture is provided with bracing members 8 One end withstand on adjacent concrete side wall.
In the present embodiment, a diameter of 48.3mm of the bracing members 8.
It is as follows that work progress of the present utility model includes step.
Step 1:The arranged for interval cushion block 7 on the lateral surface of curved roof 9, and consolidating for cushion block 7 is carried out using cement mortar It is fixed.
Step 2:The left side that tower crane is hung to curved roof 9 is respectively adopted in the left mould harden structure spliced and right mould harden structure Right both sides.
Step 3:The bottom of two pieces of formwork structures is fixed first, is reinforced by the way of the oiling support 6 of bracing members 8, one End is withstood on the main joist 1 of the corresponding lower end of side form surfacing 3, and one end is withstood on adjacent concrete side wall.
Step 4:By the reinforcing bar embowment of connecting rod 4, the position of two pieces of formwork structures of adjustment, on the top of curved roof 9 Portion is welded with both sides connecting bolt 5, and the formwork structure upper end of both sides is reinforced.
Step 5:Pour pouring for the concrete of curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer 10.
Step 6:The demoulding;Concreting is completed after reaching predetermined age, and bottom bracing members are removed with oil support, And release the nut at the top of formwork structure, connecting rod 4 is extracted out, hangs out the formwork structure of both sides, is protected into next section of waterproof The construction of sheath 10.
Above-described embodiment is not the exhaustion of embodiment, can also there is other embodiments, and above-described embodiment purpose exists In explanation the utility model, and unrestricted the scope of protection of the utility model, it is all by the utility model simple change and Lai Using all falling within the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer, branch is located at curved roof(9)Outside, include Left mould harden structure, right mould harden structure, it is separately positioned on two formwork structures and curved roof(9)Between cushion block(7)And even The connection component being connected between two formwork structure upper ends;It is characterized in that:
The left templates structure setting is in curved roof(9)Left side, its lower end is fixed on curved roof by fixture(9)It is left On the ground of side, upper end extends to curved roof(9)Top and and curved roof(9)The length of curved line between top is 3200mm ~ 3600mm, the vertical section of the left mould harden structure is curved, and its radian and curved roof(9)Left surface Radian is adapted;The right mould harden structure is arranged on curved roof(9)Right side, its lower end are fixed on curved roof by fixture (9)On the ground on right side, upper end extends to curved roof(9)Top and and curved roof(9)The length of curved line between top Spend for 3200mm ~ 3600mm, the vertical section of the right mould harden structure is curved, and its radian and curved roof(9)Right side The radian in face is adapted;
The connection component includes connecting rod(4)And connecting bolt(5);The connecting rod(4)There is one group, longitudinally parallel Every being arranged on curved roof(9)Between over top, two formwork structures;Wherein every connecting rod(4)It is curved, its radian with Curved roof(9)The radian of top outside be adapted;The connecting bolt(5)Two groups, one of which is correspondingly connected to a left side Formwork structure and connecting rod(4)Left end between, another group is correspondingly connected to right mould harden structure and connecting rod(4)Right-hand member it Between.
A kind of 2. template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The cushion block(7)Along curved roof(9)Lateral surface arranged for interval, cushion block(7)Height and fish tail and waterproof layer to be poured (10)Thickness be adapted.
A kind of 3. template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: The cushion block(7)For spacer or concrete pad, and cushion block(7)With curved roof(9)Between entered by adhesives Row connection.
A kind of 4. template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: The left mould harden structure and right mould harden structure include the form surfacing of arc(3), longitudinally parallel interval is pressed on template Panel(3)The secondary joist of the arc in outside(2)And arcuately top plate(9)Arc direction parallel interval be connected to secondary joist (2)Longitudinal main joist in outside(1).
A kind of 5. template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: Longitudinally adjacent two secondary joists in the left mould harden structure and right mould harden structure(2)Between spacing be 700mm ~ 800mm.
A kind of 6. template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: Adjacent two main joists in the left mould harden structure and right mould harden structure(1)Between spacing be 800mm ~ 900mm.
A kind of 7. template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: The form surfacing(3)For wood glue plate or it is bamboo slab rubber, and form surfacing(3)Upper, corresponding and secondary joist(2)The position of connection Place is provided with perforation;
The secondary joist(2)For reinforcing bar or steel pipe, and secondary joist(2)Pass through the steel wire and form surfacing being through in perforation(3) Colligation connects;
The main joist(1)For shaped steel rod member, and main joist(1)With secondary joist(2)Between be welded to connect.
A kind of 8. template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: The curved roof(9)The form surfacing of both sides(3)Top and bottom be arranged with main joist(1);Wherein, positioned at template face Plate(3)The main joist of upper end(1)It is upper, longitudinally spaced to offer hole;Described hole and connecting rod(4)It is correspondingly arranged;
The connecting bolt(5)Screw rod one end and corresponding side connecting rod(4)It is welded to connect, connecting bolt(5)It is another Hold the form surfacing through corresponding side(3)Upper end main joist(1)Hole in, and fixed by nut.
A kind of 9. template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: The fixture includes horizontally disposed oil support(6)Be connected to oil support(6)The bracing members of side(8);The fixture is provided with Oil support(6)One end withstand on corresponding side form surfacing(3)The main joist of lower end(1)On, fixture is provided with bracing members(8)One End is withstood on adjacent concrete side wall.
CN201721115731.6U 2017-09-01 2017-09-01 A kind of template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer Active CN207160064U (en)

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CN201721115731.6U CN207160064U (en) 2017-09-01 2017-09-01 A kind of template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721115731.6U CN207160064U (en) 2017-09-01 2017-09-01 A kind of template system of open trench tunnel curved roof fish tail and waterproof layer

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110777795A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-02-11 中交一公局第一工程有限公司 Concrete pipeline rapid encapsulation pouring device and construction method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110777795A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-02-11 中交一公局第一工程有限公司 Concrete pipeline rapid encapsulation pouring device and construction method thereof
CN110777795B (en) * 2019-12-09 2024-03-01 中交一公局集团有限公司 Quick concrete pipeline encapsulating and pouring device and construction method thereof

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