CN110409813A - Exempt to split into type beam forms, formwork structure and construction process containing steel reinforcement cage - Google Patents

Exempt to split into type beam forms, formwork structure and construction process containing steel reinforcement cage Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110409813A
CN110409813A CN201910759204.6A CN201910759204A CN110409813A CN 110409813 A CN110409813 A CN 110409813A CN 201910759204 A CN201910759204 A CN 201910759204A CN 110409813 A CN110409813 A CN 110409813A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
column
forms
steel
fixed frame
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Granted
Application number
CN201910759204.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110409813B (en
Inventor
盛雄
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Chen Tai (guangde) Intelligent Assembly Building Ltd By Share Ltd
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Chen Tai (guangde) Intelligent Assembly Building Ltd By Share Ltd
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Priority to CN201910759204.6A priority Critical patent/CN110409813B/en
Publication of CN110409813A publication Critical patent/CN110409813A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • E04C3/20Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces of concrete or other stone-like material, e.g. with reinforcements or tensioning members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G13/00Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills
    • E04G13/04Falsework, forms, or shutterings for particular parts of buildings, e.g. stairs, steps, cornices, balconies foundations, sills for lintels, beams, or transoms to be encased separately; Special tying or clamping means therefor

Abstract

One kind is exempted to split into type beam forms, formwork structure and construction process containing steel reinforcement cage, comprising: beam fixed frame comprising four are laterally extended and with the fixed beam angle section that corner location is arranged, and the beam connection being vertically provided between adjacent fixed beam angle section;The beam steel cage being fixed inside beam fixed frame;The fixed bottom for being laid on beam fixed frame and the beam slab part outside two sides;The beam auxiliary member being fixedly connected between beam steel cage and beam fixed frame, so that reserving protective layer thickness between beam steel cage and beam fixed frame.The present invention combines the beam fixed frame to be formed with fixed beam angle section and beam connection by the setting in beam steel cage periphery; one is convenient for the beam slab part to fix; two provide stable frame structure between beam steel cage and beam slab part; the structural strength of beam forms can be increased; reduce installation or the offset of casting process central sill steel reinforcement cage or beam slab part, to guarantee the thickness of concrete cover after the completion of pouring.

Description

Exempt to split into type beam forms, formwork structure and construction process containing steel reinforcement cage
Technical field
The present invention relates to concrete building template fields.
Background technique
In traditional building construction process, form work engineering always takes a long time together, the biggish process of project cost. In form work engineering work progress, whole plank sheathing and supporting rod needs are cut according to the changeable size of cast-in-situ concrete member Processing causes a large amount of former material to waste, and template construction complex process, also needs secondary dismounting after the completion of concreting, can produce Raw a large amount of cost of labor and time cost.
Therefore, in order to simplify construction technology, occurs non-dismantling formwork structure in the prior art, template plate is pouring It is used as decorative cover to use at rear, the fixed form letter without removing, but between the plate and reinforcing bar in these non-dismantling formwork structures Plain, intensity is inadequate, often leads to reinforcement location offset in installation or casting process, and it is inadequate protective layer thickness occur after the completion of pouring The case where.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to provide one kind to exempt to split into type beam forms containing steel reinforcement cage, to solve the above problems.
According to an aspect of the invention, there is provided a kind of exempt to split into type beam forms containing steel reinforcement cage, comprising:
Beam fixed frame comprising four are laterally extended and with the fixed beam angle section and vertically arranged of corner location arrangement Beam connection between adjacent fixed beam angle section;
The beam steel cage being fixed inside beam fixed frame;
The fixed bottom for being laid on beam fixed frame and the beam slab part outside two sides;
The beam auxiliary member being fixedly connected between beam steel cage and beam fixed frame so that beam steel cage and beam fixed frame it Between reserve protective layer thickness.
The present invention combines the beam fixed frame to be formed with fixed beam angle section and beam connection by the setting in beam steel cage periphery, One be convenient for beam slab part to fix, and two provide stable frame structure between beam steel cage and beam slab part, can increase beam The structural strength of template reduces installation or the offset of casting process central sill steel reinforcement cage or beam slab part, after the completion of guaranteeing to pour Thickness of concrete cover;In addition, be fixedly connected with beam steel cage with beam fixed frame by beam auxiliary member, it can be further Increase the structural strength of beam forms.
It in some embodiments, further include the beam slab for being removably vertically arranged in beam fixed frame two sides The beam supporting element in the outside of part.
As a result, by adding beam supporting element in beam slab part periphery, together with beam fixed frame, inside and outside double-layer frame knot is formed Structure further increases the structural strength of beam forms.
It in some embodiments, further include the beam horizontal through the installation of beam steel cage, beam slab part and beam supporting element to drawing Bolt.
The structural strength of beam forms is further increased as a result,.
In some embodiments, beam connection equidistant interval arrange, beam supporting element equidistant interval arrangement, beam connection and Beam supporting element is staggeredly arranged.
The equidistant interval of beam connection and beam supporting element arrangement can make the stress of beam forms more evenly as a result, beam connection Part and being staggeredly arranged for beam supporting element can make to form complementary structure between the two, and concrete is come from when pouring preferably to fight Side answer pressure.
In some embodiments, fixed beam angle section uses 70*70*2mm angle section, and beam connection is connected using 60*2mm beam Part;Beam supporting element uses sleeper.
Above-mentioned size and structure are used as a result, can reasonably increase the structural strength of beam forms, while not too big Increase the weight and transportation cost of beam forms.
In some embodiments, two fixed beam angle sections being located above are outwardly or another court outwardly Interior, underlying two fixed beam angle sections are inwardly.
It is fixed as a result, convenient for the installation between beam forms and floor.
Exempt to tear forming template structure open the present invention also provides one kind, comprising:
Column template;
It is fixed on the column of the lateral position of column template;
Prefabricated panel equipped with top groove and side grooves, prefabricated panel engage to set with column by side grooves It sets between column template;
Beam forms exempts to split into type beam forms for any of the above-described containing steel reinforcement cage;The both ends of beam forms are respectively protruding into column To fix with column template, the bottom of beam forms is further fixed on collar tie beam, the top of lower ring beam and prefabricated panel at the top of template Groove engaging with prefabricated panel to fix.
Thereby, it is possible to realize that the installation between column template and prefabricated panel is fixed by column simple and effective, by upper Realize that the installation between beam forms and column template is fixed to collar tie beam simple and effective.
It in some embodiments, further include the floor being laid between beam forms, floor is profiled sheet or reinforcing bar purlin Frame floor support plate;Beam slab part is using no asbestos fibre cement plate.
Structural strength can be further increased as floor using profiled sheet or steel bar truss floor support plate as a result,;Using No asbestos fibre cement plate has low-density, high intensity, low thermal conductivity, (the humidity deformation of excellent weatherability as beam slab part Low, expansion rate is low) etc. performance advantages.
The present invention also provides a kind of form-stripping free cast-in-situ concrete construction techniques, comprising the following steps:
S1: production beam forms comprising following steps:
Bind beam steel cage;
Production beam fixed frame: the fixed beam angle section that four are laterally extended is arranged with corner location, wherein be located above Two fixed beam angle sections outwardly or one outwardly and another inwardly, underlying two fixed beam angle sections inwardly, In Beam connection is vertically set between adjacent fixed beam angle section;
Beam steel cage is placed within beam fixed frame, and reserves protective layer thickness, by beam auxiliary member by beam steel cage It is fixed with beam fixed frame;
It is fixed outside the bottom and two sides of beam fixed frame to be laid with beam slab part;
Beam supporting element is removably vertically set in the outside for being located at the beam slab part of beam fixed frame two sides, and is made Beam supporting element and beam connection are staggeredly arranged;
Beam split bolt is installed horizontal through beam steel cage, beam slab part and beam supporting element;
S2: column template is installed at the scene;
S3: prefabricated panel is installed between column template;
S4: between column template, beam forms is installed at the top of prefabricated panel;
S5: floor is laid between beam forms.
Thereby, it is possible to simplify field erected processing step while guaranteeing formwork structure intensity.
In some embodiments,
In S1, after having made beam forms, in the fixed upper collar tie beam in the bottom of beam forms;
In S2, after installing column template, in the side vertical columns of column template;
In S3, prefabricated panel is engaged by side grooves with column, to be mounted between column template;
In S4, the both ends of beam forms are respectively protruding into the top of column template to fix with column template, beam forms bottom Upper collar tie beam engages to fix with prefabricated panel with the top groove of prefabricated panel;
In S5, profiled sheet or steel bar truss floor support plate are laid between beam forms.
As a result, by pre-fixing upper collar tie beam in the production of beam forms, convenient for the fixation of live beam forms and prefabricated panel, It is further simplified field erected processing step.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the main view for exempting to tear open forming template structure of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional view of the column template at A-A shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the main view of column fixed frame of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the side view of column template of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the cross-sectional view of the beam forms at B-B shown in Fig. 1, and the structure other than beam forms is saved;
Fig. 6 be Fig. 1 shown in B-B place exempt from tear the cross-sectional view of forming template structure open, plus sleeper and support rod conduct temporarily Support construction.
Specific embodiment
The invention will now be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 schematically show a kind of embodiment according to the present invention exempt from tear forming template structure open comprising column Template 1, beam forms 2, prefabricated panel component and floor.Wherein, the column template 1 and beam forms 2 are that exempting from containing steel reinforcement cage splits into type Template is made in advance, then is transported to scene and is installed together with prefabricated panel component and floor, is then poured mixed Solidifying soil is completed after dismantling to the support construction in template after concrete is dry.
The prefabricated panel component uses the prior art, in the present embodiment, using similar Chinese patent application Panel structure in CN105064551A, specifically, as shown in Figure 1, the prefabricated panel component includes prefabricated panel 31, column 32 With upper collar tie beam 33, the top of the prefabricated panel 31 is equipped with the top groove that can be engaged for upper collar tie beam 33, and two sides are set respectively There are the side grooves that can be engaged for column 32.
Floor uses the prior art, including profiled sheet 4, is mounted on the ceiling joist of 4 lower section of profiled sheet, and passes through The plasterboard that ceiling joist is laid with.As shown in fig. 6, the side of profiled sheet 4 and beam forms 2 are fixed, the installation of profiled sheet is not Too many temporary support is needed, does not need to build full hall frame.Profiled sheet has cut installation dimension in design, after reaching scene It is mounted directly, reduces site operation amount.In other embodiments, profiled sheet also could alternatively be steel bar truss floor support plate.
As in Figure 2-4, which includes column steel reinforcement cage 11, column auxiliary member 12, column fixed frame 13, column plate 14, column Support frame 15, column split bolt and pre embedded bolt 16.Wherein, the column steel reinforcement cage 11, column fixed frame 13, column plate 14 and column support Frame 15 is successively arranged from inside to outside.
The column fixed frame 13 includes four fixed column angle sections 131 and multiple column connectors 132.131 edge of fixed column angle section It is vertically extending, it is suitable with pillar height degree, it is arranged respectively with corner location.132 transverse weld of column connector is in adjacent fixed column Between angle section 131, the square frame for connecting four fixed column angle sections 131 is formed.Between being waited between multiple column connectors 132 Away from arrangement, the spacing of 500-600mm is used in the present embodiment.Position needs to leave a blank at the two of column fixed frame 13: first is that solid in column The lower part for determining frame 13 reserves operative position 17, as shown in figure 3, the reinforcement welding for base for post reserves operating position, and as coagulation Soil vibrates operating position, also as after the completion of pouring, checks the observation position of concrete column pouring molding situation, which sets It sets in two opposite lateral positions, position can be in liftoff 100mm between 400mm height.Second is that being needed on the top of column fixing piece Beam installing port 18 is reserved in the position to dock with beam forms 2, as shown in Figure 4.In the present embodiment, which is used Zinc-plated cold bending thin wall profile specifically can be used in the elongated clod wash part of 70*70*2mm, and column connector 132 uses the sheet metal of 60*2, Its height is 60mm, with a thickness of 2mm.
The column steel reinforcement cage 11 is bound according to specification, and is handled top docking reinforcing bar and lower part docking reinforcing bar, Reserve docking length, reinforcing bar misconnection.After the completion of binding, column steel reinforcement cage 11 is put into inside column fixed frame 13, adjustment column steel reinforcement cage 11 with the positional relationship of column fixed frame 13, enable and reserve protective layer thickness around column steel reinforcement cage 11, the column using corresponding length is auxiliary Column steel reinforcement cage 11 is soldered on fixed column angle section 131 and column connector 132 by assistant piece 12.In order to guarantee the stabilization of column steel reinforcement cage 11 And have and pressure is answered to the side of column fixed frame 13 when sharing concreting, every column connector 132 in the present embodiment is all logical Column auxiliary member 12 is crossed to be welded and fixed with column steel reinforcement cage 11.Shorter reinforcing bar specifically can be used in the column auxiliary member 12.
After the completion of column fixed frame 13 and column steel reinforcement cage 11 weld, sealing plate is carried out, i.e., outside four sides of column fixed frame 13 It is laid with column plate 14, column plate 14 and column fixed frame 13 are fixed to each other with installation fittings such as screw tightenings.Specifically, it can use Column plate 14 and column connector 132 are fixed to each other by self-tapping screw, and self-tapping screw is screwed inwardly into, after the completion of pouring, self-tapping screw Some length is fixed in concrete, enhancing structure stability.The column plate 14 after the completion of construction without disassembly, But decorative cover use is given over to, and preferable seal approach is needed between column plate 14, is squeegeeed for example, by using structure glue, anti-leak-stopping The occurrence of slurry.Column plate 14 in the present embodiment is using no asbestos fibre cement plate, the preferred 15mm of thickness.Without asbestos fibre Cement plate has the performances such as low-density, high intensity, low thermal conductivity, excellent weatherability (humidity deformation is low, and expansion rate is low) excellent Gesture.It needs to leave a blank two positions when sealing plate: first is that pre- in the opposite lateral position of the lower part two of them of entire column template 1 Operative position 17 (identical as the operative position that column fixed frame 13 is reserved) is stayed, which is reinforcement welding, the concrete for base for post It vibrates, and checks that the observation of concrete column pouring molding situation is used, without sealing plate at the operative position 17, or with dismountable side Formula mounting post plate 14, such as only simply fixed is removed again when to scene.Second is that in the top of column template 1 needs and beam Beam installing port 18 is reserved in the position that template 2 is docked, and certain installation gap is relaxed in left and right.
After the completion of sealing plate, column support frame 15 is removably set outside column plate 14.Column support frame 15 is to column plate The column steel reinforcement cage and column fixed frame of part 14 and its inside play the role of external support, prevent from occurring when pouring that fried mould, rise mould The phenomenon that.Particular fixed, displacement or landing during transportation in order to prevent is not needed between column support frame 15 and column plate 14, Screw tightening can be used to be fixed temporarily column support frame 15 and column plate 14, it is to be transported to after live, spiral shell can be consolidated before pouring Part disassembly.Specifically, which includes four support column angle sections 151 and multiple column supporting elements 152.The support column angle section 151 is vertically extending, suitable with pillar height degree, is separately positioned on the four corners of column plate 14.The column supporting element 152 is laterally arranged simultaneously It is enclosed in outside support column angle section 151, by being welded and fixed, forms the direction frame for connecting four support column angle sections 151. It is equally spaced between multiple column supporting elements 152, the spacing of 500-600mm is used in the present embodiment.The column supporting element 152 is preferred It is staggeredly arranged with column connector 132, forms complementary structure with column connector 132, concrete is come from when pouring preferably to fight Side answer pressure.When mounting post supporting element 152, in the opposite lateral position reservation operations position of the lower part two of them of column support frame 15 17 (identical as the reserved operative position of column plate 14, column fixed frame 13), are reinforcement welding, the concrete vibrating of base for post, Yi Jijian It looks into the observation of concrete column pouring molding situation to use, the installation at the operative position 17 without column supporting element 152, when in-site installation By after the completion of the reinforcement welding of column steel reinforcement cage 11 and base for post, column plate 14 is sealed up, then twice column supporting element 152 is installed and is added Gu.In the present embodiment, which uses 30*30*3 angle bar, which uses 2mm thickness clips.It should Column support frame 15 needs to be removed after the completion of pouring.
In the occasion of larger-size column, it is also necessary to pass through column steel reinforcement cage 11, column fixed frame 13, column using column split bolt Plate 14 and column support frame 15 (passing through supporting element 152 to be arranged), are reinforced.The column split bolt needs to carry out after the completion of pouring It removes.
It needs to be embedded to the pre embedded bolt 16 for installing column 32 according to the position of prefabricated panel 31 in column and wall junction, As shown in Figure 4.The pre embedded bolt 16 passes through column plate 14 and column connector 132 is arranged, and solid with the welding of column connector 132 It is fixed, one section of outwardly directed length is reserved, column 32 is equipped with hole corresponding with pre embedded bolt 16, and pre embedded bolt 16 passes through Upper cap nut is installed after hole on column 32 to be fixed.The column 32 can be directly fixed with column template 1 at this moment, can also be with It is just installed at the scene.
As shown in figure 5, the beam forms 2 includes beam steel cage 21, beam auxiliary member 22, beam fixed frame 23, beam slab part 24, beam branch Support member 25 and beam split bolt 26.Wherein, the beam steel cage 21, beam fixed frame 23, beam slab part 24 and beam supporting element 25 successively by It is arranged from inside to outside.
The beam fixed frame 23 includes four fixed beam angle sections 231 and multiple beam connections 232.231 edge of fixed beam angle section It is laterally extended, it is suitable with beam length, it is arranged respectively with corner location.Wherein, 231 court of underlying two fixed beam angle sections Interior, the direction for two fixed beam angle sections 231 being located above is different according to intermediate beam or side bar.For the both sides building Dou You The intermediate beam of plate, two fixed beam angle sections 231 being located above outwardly, are respectively used to weld with the profiled sheet 4 of floor,. For only there is the side bar of floor on one side, one of them for two fixed beam angle sections 231 being located above outwardly, is used for and floor Profiled sheet 4 weld, another fixed beam angle section 231 inwardly, and is higher than fixed beam angle section 231 outwardly to do floor edge sealing It uses.The beam connection 232 is vertically welded between adjacent fixed beam angle section 231, and formation connects four fixed beam angle sections 231 Pick up the rectangular frame come.Equidistant placement between multiple beam connections 232.In the present embodiment, which is used The elongated clod wash part of 70*70*2mm, sheet metal of the beam connection 232 using 60*2, height 60mm, with a thickness of 2mm.
The beam steel cage 21 is bound according to specification, the straight anchor of beam-ends reinforcing bar.After the completion of binding, beam steel cage 21 is put into Inside beam fixed frame 23, the positional relationship of beam steel cage 21 and beam fixed frame 23 is adjusted, enables and reserves guarantor around beam steel cage 21 Beam steel cage 21 is soldered to fixed beam angle section 231 and beam connection 232 using the beam auxiliary member 22 of corresponding length by covering thickness On.Shorter reinforcing bar specifically can be used in the beam auxiliary member 22.
After the completion of beam fixed frame 23 and beam steel cage 21 weld, sealing plate is carried out, i.e., in the bottom of beam fixed frame 23 and two It is laid with beam slab part 24 outside side, beam slab part 24 and beam fixed frame 23 are fixed to each other with installation fittings such as screw tightenings.It specifically, can be with Beam slab part 24 and beam connection 232 are fixed to each other using self-tapping screw, self-tapping screw is screwed inwardly into, after the completion of pouring, self tapping Some length is fixed in concrete by screw, enhancing structure stability.The beam slab part 24 after the completion of construction without Disassembly, but decorative cover use is given over to, preferable seal approach is needed between beam slab part 24, is squeegeeed for example, by using structure glue, The occurrence of mortar leakage prevention.Beam slab part 24 in the present embodiment is using no asbestos fibre cement plate, the preferred 15mm of thickness.Without stone Cotton fiber cement plate has low-density, high intensity, low thermal conductivity, excellent weatherability (humidity deformation is low, and expansion rate is low) etc. Performance.
After the completion of sealing plate, beam supporting element 25 is removably set outside beam slab part 24.The beam supporting element 25 is vertically Spaced set, it is preferable that it is staggeredly arranged with beam connection 232, complementary structure is formed with beam connection 232, with preferably Pressure is answered in the side from concrete when confrontation pours.Metal material or sleeper can be used in the beam supporting element 25, and metal material is optional Select square tube.The together or upper and lower beam split bolt 26 of multiple lateral equidistant placements of twice according to depth of beam selection, passes through beam Steel reinforcement cage 21, beam slab part 24 and beam supporting element 25 are installed.The beam supporting element 25 and beam split bolt 26 need to be into after the completion of pouring Row is removed.
After beam supporting element 25 and split bolt install, in the bottom of beam forms 2, namely positioned at 23 bottom of beam fixed frame The upper collar tie beam 33 of the fixed prefabricated panel component in 24 bottom surface of beam slab part.In other embodiments, collar tie beam 33 can also be existing on this It is just installed field.
After column template 1 and beam forms 2 complete, vanning transport is carried out according to column number and beam number, after reaching scene It is installed in accordance with the following steps.
Column template 1 is installed.Firstly, by reserved operative position 17, by the lower part docking reinforcing bar of column steel reinforcement cage 11 and scene Base for post reinforcing bar welded.After the completion of welding, column plate 14 is sealed up at the operative position 17.After sealing up column plate 14, installation Twice column supporting element 152 is reinforced.It is at this moment that column 32 is fixed if column 32 is not yet installed when making column template 1 On the column side for needing to install prefabricated panel 31, as shown in Figure 1.
Prefabricated panel 31 is installed between column template 1.As shown in Figure 1, the prefabricated panel 31 passes through side grooves and column mould Column 32 on plate 1 is fixed.Fixation is equally mutually clamped by column 32 between prefabricated panel 31.Two column templates 1 it Between prefabricated panel 31 be installed after, to whole face prefabricated panel 31 and column template 1 be supported fixation (square tube specifically can be used Carry out bearing diagonal), adjust the verticality of prefabricated panel 31 and column template 1.
Above prefabricated panel 31, beam forms 2 is installed between column template 1.As shown in Figure 1, the both ends of beam forms 2 are stretched respectively The reserved beam installing port 18 for entering 1 top of column template, protruding into depth is about 10mm-20mm, the two end bars difference of beam steel cage 21 Reinforcing bar is docked with the top of column steel reinforcement cage 11 to be welded or bound, and is carried out between beam slab part 24 and column plate 14 by structure glue Sealing.The upper collar tie beam 33 of 2 bottom of beam forms is caught in the top groove of prefabricated panel 31, and is fixed by self-tapping screw.Dry wall Plate 31 has certain compression capability, and prefabricated panel 31 can be to the concrete including beam forms 2 and pouring along its length Uniform support is carried out, the stability of structure is increased.If due to the design of wall locations, so that prefabricated panel 31 can not be in beam form Eccentric force is caused at the center of plate 2, then another to need to increase sleeper 5 in the bottom of beam forms 2, then passes through sleeper 5 by support rod 6 Temporary support is carried out to beam forms 2.
Floor is laid between beam forms 2.Firstly, as shown in fig. 6, using self-tapping screw by profiled sheet 4 be located at it is upper The two outwardly side of two fixed beam angle sections 231 of side is connected and fixed, and carries out edge sealing.In the bottom of profiled sheet 4, welding is hung Keel are pushed up, zinc-plated square tube can be used in ceiling joist.Ceiling joist is supported using support rod 6, passes through sleeper 5 and support rod 6 pairs of profiled sheets 4 are supported.
Casting concrete removes support after concrete is dry in column template 1, beam forms 2 and on profiled sheet 4 The temporary support structures such as bar 6, sleeper 5 remove column support frame 15 and column split bolt in column template 1, remove in beam forms 2 Beam supporting element 25 and beam split bolt 26.It is laid with plasterboard on ceiling joist, that is, completes.
Above-described is only some embodiments of the present invention.For those of ordinary skill in the art, not Under the premise of being detached from the invention design, various modifications and improvements can be made, or carries out freely to above-mentioned technical proposal Combination, these are all within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. one kind is exempted to split into type beam forms containing steel reinforcement cage characterized by comprising
Beam fixed frame (23) comprising four are laterally extended and with the fixed beam angle section (231) that corner location is arranged, and vertical Beam connection (232) between the adjacent fixed beam angle section (231) is set;
It is fixed at the internal beam steel cage (21) of the beam fixed frame (23);
The fixed bottom for being laid on the beam fixed frame (23) and the beam slab part (24) outside two sides;
The beam auxiliary member (22) being fixedly connected between the beam steel cage (21) and the beam fixed frame (23), so that described Protective layer thickness is reserved between beam steel cage (21) and the beam fixed frame (23).
2. according to claim 1 exempt to split into type beam forms containing steel reinforcement cage, it is characterised in that: further include removably Vertically it is arranged in the beam supporting element (25) in the outside of the beam slab part (24) of beam fixed frame (23) two sides.
3. according to claim 2 exempt to split into type beam forms containing steel reinforcement cage, it is characterised in that: further include horizontal through described The beam split bolt (26) of beam steel cage (21), beam slab part (24) and beam supporting element (25) installation.
4. according to claim 3 exempt to split into type beam forms containing steel reinforcement cage, it is characterised in that: the beam connection (232) Equidistant interval arrangement, beam supporting element (25) the equidistant interval arrangement, the beam connection (232) and beam supporting element (25) are staggered Arrangement.
5. according to claim 4 exempt to split into type beam forms containing steel reinforcement cage, it is characterised in that: the fixed beam angle section (231) 70*70*2mm angle section is used, the beam connection (232) uses 60*2mm beam connection (232);The beam supporting element (25) sleeper is used.
6. according to any one of claim 1 to 5 exempt to split into type beam forms containing steel reinforcement cage, it is characterised in that: be located at upper Side two fixed beam angle sections (231) outwardly or one outwardly and another inwardly, underlying two are described solid Determine beam angle section (231) inwardly.
7. one kind is exempted to tear forming template structure open characterized by comprising
Column template (1);
It is fixed on the column (32) of the lateral position of the column template (1);
Prefabricated panel (31) equipped with top groove and side grooves, the prefabricated panel (31) pass through the side grooves and institute Column (32) engaging is stated to be arranged between the column template (1);
Beam forms (2), to exempt to split into type beam forms containing steel reinforcement cage according to described in any one of claims 1 to 6;The beam The both ends of template (2) are respectively protruding into the top of the column template (1) to fixed, the beam forms (2) with the column template (1) Bottom be further fixed on collar tie beam (33), the lower ring beam engage with the top groove of the prefabricated panel (31) to it is described Prefabricated panel (31) is fixed.
8. according to claim 7 exempt to tear forming template structure open, it is characterised in that: further include being laid on the beam forms (2) floor between, the floor are profiled sheet (4) or steel bar truss floor support plate;The beam slab part (24) is using no asbestos Fiber cement board.
9. a kind of form-stripping free cast-in-situ concrete construction technique, which comprises the following steps:
S1: production beam forms (2) comprising following steps:
It binds beam steel cage (21);
Production beam fixed frame (23): the fixed beam angle section (231) that four are laterally extended is arranged with corner location, wherein be located at The fixed beam angle section (231) of two of top outwardly or one outwardly and another inwardly, described in underlying two Inwardly, beam connection (232) are vertically arranged between the adjacent fixed beam angle section (231) in fixed beam angle section (231);
The beam steel cage (21) is placed within the beam fixed frame (23), and reserves protective layer thickness, is assisted by beam Part (22) is fixed by the beam steel cage (21) and the beam fixed frame (23);
It is fixed outside the bottom and two sides of the beam fixed frame (23) to be laid with beam slab part (24);
In the outside for being located at the beam slab part (24) of beam fixed frame (23) two sides, beam supporting element is removably vertically set (25), and the beam supporting element (25) and beam connection (232) is made to be staggeredly arranged;
Beam split bolt (26) is installed horizontal through the beam steel cage (21), beam slab part (24) and beam supporting element (25);
S2: column template (1) is installed at the scene;
S3: prefabricated panel (31) are installed between the column template (1);
S4: beam forms (2) are installed between the column template (1), at the top of the prefabricated panel (31);
S5: floor is laid between the beam forms (2).
10. form-stripping free cast-in-situ concrete construction technique according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:
It is fixed upper collar tie beam (33) in the bottom of beam forms (2) after having made beam forms (2) in S1;
In S2, after installing column template (1), in the side vertical columns (32) of the column template (1);
In S3, prefabricated panel (31) is engaged by side grooves with the column (32), to be mounted on the column template (1) Between;
In S4, the both ends of beam forms (2) are respectively protruding into the top of the column template (1) to fixed, the beam form with column template (1) The upper collar tie beam (33) of plate (2) bottom is engaged with the top groove of the prefabricated panel (31) to fixed with prefabricated panel (31);
In S5, profiled sheet (4) or steel bar truss floor support plate are laid between the beam forms (2).
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CN111926974A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-11-13 福建宏盛建设集团有限公司 Precast slab construction method

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CN111734018A (en) * 2020-06-09 2020-10-02 安徽海龙建筑工业有限公司 Formwork structure, disassembly-free mold and concrete wall construction method
CN111926974A (en) * 2020-08-20 2020-11-13 福建宏盛建设集团有限公司 Precast slab construction method

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