CN206959545U - A kind of solid material disinfection system - Google Patents

A kind of solid material disinfection system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206959545U
CN206959545U CN201720695814.0U CN201720695814U CN206959545U CN 206959545 U CN206959545 U CN 206959545U CN 201720695814 U CN201720695814 U CN 201720695814U CN 206959545 U CN206959545 U CN 206959545U
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China
Prior art keywords
sterilization
solid
nacelle
module
disinfection
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CN201720695814.0U
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刘益克
郑俊
董武林
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Shanghai Aodi Automation Equipment Co Ltd
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Shanghai Aodi Automation Equipment Co Ltd
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Abstract

It the utility model is related to a kind of solid material disinfection system, the system is sterilized using superheated steam to solid material, sterilized suitable for 500kg solid materials, the system includes steam valve group, sterilization module, one-level natural-wind dry module, two level cold air drying module and the material discharging module being sequentially connected;Sterilization nacelle is cone tube shape, and sterilization nacelle is designed using double-layer heat insulation and totally-enclosed, and pressure is 1bar in cabin, and sterilization temperature is 140~160 DEG C.Rotary shaft is provided with sterilization nacelle, described rotary shaft connects scraper plate reducing motor by bearing block, and described rotary shaft is provided with scraper plate.Compared with prior art, the utility model has superheated steam sterilization, reduces sterilization time, the advantages that ensureing to reduce the solid material moisture content after sterilizing while sterilization effect and be more beneficial for ensureing material physical property and appearance color.

Description

A kind of solid material disinfection system
Technical field
Disinfection equipment is the utility model is related to, more particularly, to a kind of solid material disinfection system.
Background technology
At present, in raw material used in grain and oil industry, flavoring industry, Chinese medicine industry etc., it is tight all to there is microorganism Weight is exceeded, and the means for solving this problem are using radiation, microwave or high-temperature steam mostly.Radiation, microwave treatment poison residual Greatly, the material nutriment of processing is damaged greatly, and efficiency is low;High temperature steam treatment substantially increases containing for material again Water, cause to remove the aqueous burden of material.
Chinese patent CN202626181U discloses a kind of solid-state quick sterilization microorganism reactor, and the device is in tank body The bottom of portion's crawler type agitator sets discoideus steam and cold air emitter, vaccum exhaust outlet to pass through pipeline and vacuum Control valve connects vacuum extractor, is an air chamber in the steam of tank interior and the bottom of cold air emitter, tank body Bottom wall on be provided with the filtrated air import communicated with air chamber and steam inlet, solid material is passed through steaming in the crossing kind of stirring Vapour or cold air, bottom is using steam, cold air emitter, while top uses vacuum extractor, makes steam or cold air Material is fully penetrated, material uniformly can be brought up to more than 121 DEG C for 25 DEG C by room temperature within 30 minutes, and can be at 30 points 25 DEG C of -30 DEG C of temperature are uniformly dropped to by more than 121 DEG C within clock, the device sterilization time is long, can contain the material after sterilizing The increase of water rate, and influence physical property and color after solid material sterilizing.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is exactly to provide a kind of solid material the defects of overcoming above-mentioned prior art to exist Disinfection system.Sterilized suitable for 500kg solid materials, for the existing method to solid material sterilizing, we use electrical heating 1bar saturated vapor is heated to 140 DEG C -- 160 DEG C, as sterilising medium, and material following current progress heat exchange, are entered to material Row sterilizing, whole sterilization process are completed within the time of 4-10 seconds, and sterilization cabin is maintained at 1bar pressure.Due to using mistake Vapours, sterilizing time are short, the material water ratio relative reduction after sterilizing, and only 3 percentage points or so of increase, substantially reduces drying The cost of cooling;Also outward appearance and physical property will not change after the sterilization of guarantee material simultaneously.
The purpose of this utility model can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of solid material disinfection system, the system are sterilized using superheated steam to solid material, and the system includes The steam valve group that is sequentially connected, electric heater, sterilization module, one-level natural-wind dry module, two level cold air drying module and go out Expect module.
Described sterilization module includes charging aperture, sterilization nacelle, scraper plate reducing motor and bearing block, described sterilization nacelle Connected with scraper plate reducing motor by bearing block.
Described sterilization nacelle is cone tube shape, and described charging aperture is connected to cone tube shape small-caliber end.
Described sterilization nacelle is double-layer heat insulation and totally-enclosed nacelle.
Described electric heater is connected to steam valve group end, and connection charging aperture in described electric heater outlet is described Electric heater is also connected with sterilizing the temperature sensor in nacelle, and described sterilization nacelle is additionally provided with pressure sensor.
Rotary shaft is provided with described sterilization nacelle, described rotary shaft connects scraper plate reducing motor, institute by bearing block The rotary shaft stated is provided with scraper plate.
Described one-level natural-wind dry module includes the first centrifugal blower, the first rotary valve and the first rotation being sequentially connected Wind separator, the discharging opening of the entrance connection sterilization nacelle of the first described rotary valve.
Described two level cold air drying module include be sequentially connected the second centrifugal blower, heat exchanger, the second rotary valve and Second cyclone separator, described two level cold air drying module also include the frozen water machine being connected with heat exchanger, the described second rotation The entrance of rotary valve connects the outlet of the first cyclone separator.
Described material discharging module includes the 3rd centrifugal blower and the 3rd rotary valve being connected with each other, the 3rd described rotary valve Entrance connect the second cyclone separator outlet.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has advantages below:
(1) superheated steam is sterilized, and reduces sterilization time, and ensureing reduces the solid material after sterilizing while sterilization effect contains Water rate;
(2) sterilizing time is adjustable, the 4-10 seconds, on the premise of ensureing that sterilization reaches requirement, adjusts most short sterilizing time, more Advantageously ensure that material physical property and appearance color;
(3) Parameter adjustable is sterilized, 140 DEG C of sterilization temperature -- 160 DEG C, sterilization pressure is set according to demand in 0~1bar, On the premise of ensureing that sterilization reaches requirement, most short sterilizing time is adjusted, is more beneficial for ensureing material physical property and appearance color;
(4) sterilization nacelle discloses body using circular cone, is more beneficial for material and moves ahead, and ensures material first in first out.Sterilizing nacelle is 1bar pressure-fired nacelle, so ensure to sterilize heat enthalpy value, more conducively sterilization is thorough.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that the utility model single unit system presses flow connection diagram;
Fig. 2 is the utility model steam valve group and sterilization module connection diagram.
1 in figure, steam valve group;2nd, sterilization module;3rd, one-level natural-wind dry module;4th, two level cold air drying module;5、 Material discharging module;6th, electric heater;7th, feed hopper;8th, charging aperture;9th, nacelle is sterilized;10th, scraper plate;11st, discharging opening;12nd, scraper plate subtracts Speed motor;13rd, bearing block.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model is carried out Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that described embodiment is part of the embodiment of the present utility model, rather than is all implemented Example.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art institute on the premise of creative work is not made The every other embodiment obtained, it should all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
Embodiment
The utility model heats 1bar saturated vapor using electrical heating for the existing method to solid material sterilizing To 140 DEG C -- 160 DEG C are used as sterilising medium, and material following current to carry out heat exchange, material are sterilized, whole sterilization process exists Completed in the time of 4-10 seconds, sterilization cabin is maintained at 1bar pressure.Due to short using superheated steam, sterilizing time, go out Material water ratio relative reduction after bacterium, only 3 percentage points or so of increase, substantially reduces the cost for drying cooling;Also protect simultaneously Outward appearance and physical property will not change after the sterilization of exhibit material.The utility model is applied to the sterilization process of 500kg solid materials.
1st, apparatus structure
As shown in figure 1, a kind of solid material disinfection system, the system is using heat exchange of the superheated steam as sterilization material Medium, the system include be sequentially connected steam valve group 1, sterilization module 2, one-level natural-wind dry module 3, two level cold air drying Module 4 and material discharging module 5;Sterilization module 2 includes charging aperture 8, sterilization nacelle 9, scraper plate reducing motor 12 and bearing block 13, sterilization Nacelle 9 and scraper plate reducing motor 12 are connected by bearing block 13;Sterilization nacelle 9 is cone tube shape, and charging aperture 8 is connected to taper cone barrel Shape small-caliber end, charging aperture are provided with feed hopper 7.Rotary shaft is provided with sterilization nacelle 8, described rotary shaft passes through bearing block 13 Scraper plate reducing motor 12 is connected, described rotary shaft is provided with scraper plate 10.Pressure is 0~1bar in sterilization nacelle, sterilization temperature For 140~160 DEG C.The end of steam valve group 1 is connected with electric heater 6, and such as Fig. 2, nacelle is sterilized in the connection of described electric heater 6 Entrance, described sterilization nacelle are provided with pressure sensor and temperature sensor, and described temperature sensor is connected to electric heater.
One-level natural-wind dry module includes the first centrifugal blower, the first rotary valve and the first cyclonic separation being sequentially connected Device, the discharging opening 11 of the entrance connection sterilization nacelle of the first rotary valve;Two level cold air drying module includes second be sequentially connected Centrifugal blower, heat exchanger, the second rotary valve and the second cyclone separator, described heat exchanger is also associated with frozen water machine, described The entrance of second rotary valve connects the outlet of the first cyclone separator;Material discharging module include be connected with each other the 3rd centrifugal blower and 3rd rotary valve, the entrance of the 3rd described rotary valve connect the outlet of the second cyclone separator.
The machine uses brand-new design, and main technical point shows four aspects:
1.1 sterilising mediums use 1bar saturated vapor, by electrical heating, are allowed to temperature at 140 DEG C -- and 160 DEG C, as Sterilize the heat exchange medium of material.
1.2 sterilization nacelles use double-layer heat insulation, totally-enclosed nacelle, and nacelle internal pressure is 1bar.Charging and discharging are using isobaric Input and output material mode, the pressure of sealing cabin is not influenceed.
1.3 caloric values change consistent with heat exchange medium trend using co-current mode, i.e. material trend, it is ensured that material operation is logical Freely.
Operation of 1.4 materials in sterilization cabin is driven scraper plate to rotate together, driven using the scraper plate of 3 ° of band when main shaft rotates Material travels forward upwards, ensures that material fully contacts with heat exchange medium, improves heat exchange effect, while ensure that material is killing The sterilizing time in bacterium cabin.Design sterilizing time is the 4-10 seconds, and variable ratio frequency changer adjusts sterilizing time.
2nd, specific feature introduction:
Steam is brought up to startup force one wind drying system by 2.1 heat transferring mediums using 1bar saturated vapor, by electrical heating System 3, start two level cold air drying system, 4, start the superheated steam of discharge system 5.Controlled by the pressure sensor for sterilizing nacelle The flow of steam valve group regulating valve;Electric heater capacity is controlled by the temperature sensor for sterilizing nacelle, ensures sterilization nacelle pressure Power and temperature work in setting value.
2.2 sterilization process are carried out in sterilization nacelle, and sterilization nacelle is divergent-cone wall, are killed by the rotating speed control of scraper plate The bacterium time;Pass through valve group and electric heater control sterilization thermal medium.
2.3 charging apertures are using the isobaric charging of double valve, it is ensured that sterilization cabin vivo environment is not influenceed by charging.
2.4 discharging openings use wind stopping device, it is ensured that sterilization cabin vivo environment is not influenceed by discharging.
2.5 scraper plates are cantilever drive system, are made up of reducing motor, bearing block, main shaft and scraper plate.Reducing motor variable ratio frequency changer Speed governing.
2.6 drying system point two-stages form, and the first order is natural-wind dry, and the second level is cold air drying.
2.7 discharge systems are conveyed using natural wind, are not secondary polluted to ensure to sterilize material, it is proposed that bottling department uses hundred Level purification.
3rd, operation principle:
According to species and quantity of the solid material containing bacterium, it is determined that sterilization parameter (sterilization temperature and sterilization pressure), is being controlled The frequency of sterilization temperature, sterilization pressure and scraper plate reductor 12 is set on the touch-screen of cabinet;Charging is determined according to sterilization yield 8 automatic valve opening times of mouth, and automatic valve opening times and the related ginseng of two automatic valves are set on the touch-screen of switch board Number.
Start scraper plate reducing motor 12, start steam valve group 1 and electric heater 6, opened when sterilizing parameter and reaching setting value Begin to feed.Start feed arrangement, start one-level natural-wind dry module 3, start two level cold air drying module 4, start discharging mode Block 5, solid material enter sterilization nacelle 9, by the rotation of scraper plate 10, drive solid material to rotate, it is ensured that solid material and mistake Vapours fully contacts, and reaches the purpose thoroughly sterilized.
The material sterilized is entered by one-level natural-wind dry module 3, two level cold air drying module 4, material discharging module 5 The canned system in hundred grades of workshops.
The system carries out solid material sterilization by superheated steam, ensures to reduce sterilizing time while bactericidal effect, makes Solid material moisture content after must sterilizing only increases by 3 percentage points or so;Realize that sterilizing time is adjustable, the 4-10 seconds, ensureing to kill On the premise of bacterium reaches requirement, most short sterilizing time is adjusted, is more beneficial for ensureing material physical property and appearance color;Sterilizing parameter can Adjust, 140 DEG C of sterilization temperature -- 160 DEG C, 0~1bar of sterilization pressure.Sterilization nacelle discloses body using circular cone, before being more beneficial for material OK, material first in first out is ensured.The pressure-fired nacelle that nacelle is 1bar is sterilized, so ensures to sterilize heat enthalpy value, more conducively sterilizes Thoroughly.
It is described above, only specific embodiment of the present utility model, but the scope of protection of the utility model is not limited to In this, any one skilled in the art can readily occur in various in the technical scope that the utility model discloses Equivalent modifications or substitutions, these modifications or substitutions should all cover within the scope of protection of the utility model.Therefore, this practicality New protection domain should be defined by scope of the claims.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of solid material disinfection system, the system are sterilized using superheated steam to solid material, it is characterised in that should System include be sequentially connected steam valve group (1), electric heater (6), sterilization module (2), one-level natural-wind dry module (3), Two level cold air drying module (4) and material discharging module (5).
A kind of 2. solid material disinfection system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described sterilization module include into Material mouth (8), sterilization nacelle (9), scraper plate reducing motor (12) and bearing block (13), described sterilization nacelle (9) and scraper plate slow down Motor (12) is connected by bearing block (13).
3. a kind of solid material disinfection system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described sterilization nacelle (9) is Cone tube shape, described charging aperture (8) are connected to cone tube shape small-caliber end.
4. a kind of solid material disinfection system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described sterilization nacelle (9) is Double-layer heat insulation and totally-enclosed nacelle.
5. a kind of solid material disinfection system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described electric heater is connected to Steam valve group (1) end, described electric heater outlet connection charging aperture, described electric heater are also connected with sterilizing in nacelle Temperature sensor, described sterilization nacelle are additionally provided with pressure sensor.
6. a kind of solid material disinfection system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that be provided with described sterilization nacelle Rotary shaft, described rotary shaft connect scraper plate reducing motor by bearing block, and described rotary shaft is provided with scraper plate.
A kind of 7. solid material disinfection system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described one-level natural-wind dry Module (3) includes the first centrifugal blower, the first rotary valve and the first cyclone separator being sequentially connected, the first described rotary valve Entrance connection sterilization nacelle discharging opening.
A kind of 8. solid material disinfection system according to claim 7, it is characterised in that described two level cold air drying mould Block (4) includes the second centrifugal blower, heat exchanger, the second rotary valve and the second cyclone separator being sequentially connected, described two level Cold air drying module (4) also includes the frozen water machine being connected with heat exchanger, and the entrance of the second described rotary valve connects the first whirlwind The outlet of separator.
A kind of 9. solid material disinfection system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that described material discharging module (5) bag The 3rd centrifugal blower and the 3rd rotary valve of interconnection are included, the entrance of the 3rd described rotary valve connects the second cyclone separator Outlet.
CN201720695814.0U 2017-06-15 2017-06-15 A kind of solid material disinfection system Active CN206959545U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110354286A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-10-22 上海大川原德莱因设备工程有限公司 A kind of air-flowing type disinfection system suitable for bulk material

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110354286A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-10-22 上海大川原德莱因设备工程有限公司 A kind of air-flowing type disinfection system suitable for bulk material

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