CN206865505U - A kind of monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things - Google Patents

A kind of monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206865505U
CN206865505U CN201720620005.3U CN201720620005U CN206865505U CN 206865505 U CN206865505 U CN 206865505U CN 201720620005 U CN201720620005 U CN 201720620005U CN 206865505 U CN206865505 U CN 206865505U
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fire
internet
fighting
things
mechanical
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杨琦
龚晓鸣
苏小晖
尹科奇
顾斌荣
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Shanghai Guangshen Architectural Design Co Ltd
Shanghai Rui Technology Co Ltd
East China Architectural Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
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Shanghai Guangshen Architectural Design Co Ltd
Shanghai Rui Technology Co Ltd
East China Architectural Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and a kind of the fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things of mechanical smoke extraction technical field in fire fighting device Internet of things system, and technical scheme is:It is made up of application layer, transport layer, sensing layer, sensing layer uploads to application layer by transport layer and carries out data information memory, analysis, processing and application;The data message that sensing layer gathers sensor is uniformly delivered to wind system data frame, is then pooled to Internet of Things user information appliance;The fire fighting device Internet of Things application platform of application layer is uploaded to by the network transmission of data message of the information through transport layer of Internet of Things user information appliance.The system has to fire-fighting Smoke prevention and the information gathering of mechanical smoke extraction system, the function of monitoring, information transfer, information processing and application automatically.The system can be monitored in real time to main design parameters such as the flow in fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction system, pressure, after the data message of perception is collected, uploaded to platform and handled, applied.

Description

A kind of monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things
Technical field
The utility model belongs to fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction technical field in fire fighting device Internet of things system, more particularly to A kind of monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on technology of Internet of things.
Background technology
In fire fighting device, the maintenance management of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction usually fails to obtain enough attention.Sending out Raw concrete on fire, the loss of human life's property is frequently not to be burnt to death by fire, and larger proportion is due to that the flue gas of fire causes Larger casualties.Strengthen the maintenance management reliability of structural fire protection Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction facility, lifting fire-fighting supervision energy Power is particularly important.With " internet+", the arrival of the Internet of things era, to fire-fighting Smoke prevention and the real-time inspection of mechanical smoke extraction Survey, monitoring brings new opportunity to develop.
From As-Is analysis, there is certain weak link in regular maintenance management in the fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction of building, Mainly inspecting periodically manually, air quantity is reconverted into by the state of artificial judgment firefighting fan, on-the-spot test wind speed.Traditional Way is that fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction carry out maintenance management after the completion of system acceptance by owner, property or maintenance unit, is disappeared Anti- department exercises supervision inspection.On the one hand, owner, property are recognized not fire-fighting Smoke prevention and the maintenance management of mechanical smoke extraction facility It is enough, maintenance unit ginseng Zhi Buqi horizontal to the maintenance management of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction;On the other hand, the ability of fire-fighting supervision It is and limited.At present, also not specifically for fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction facility carry out automatic, real-time monitoring method and System.Particularly in actual fire-fighting work, there is maintenance management data fabrication, manage situation not in place.
A kind of monitoring system of the fire-fighting Smoke prevention based on Internet of Things and mechanical smoke extraction is now studied, breaks through traditional way, is transported Use technology of Internet of things.On sensing layer, sensor is set to fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction facility, gathers the letter of firefighting fan Breath, the information of leeway, air quantity(Wind speed)Information, focused on subsystem data frame, be pooled to Internet of Things user profile Device.On the level of the transport layer, the information remote of perception is transferred to application layer.On the application layer, set fire fighting device Internet of Things should Stored, handled, analyzed, applied with platform.Solve the long-range monitoring problem of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction, strengthen and disappear Smoke prevention and the maintenance management ability of mechanical smoke extraction, improve the innovation of administration of the prevention and control and supervision and check in technological means.
The system realizes fire-fighting Smoke prevention and long-range, the real-time monitoring of mechanical smoke extraction facility based on Internet of Things, improves and disappears The reliability of Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction, maintainability, manageability and monitoring property in real time.The key technology profit of the utility model Solve maintenance management, the monitoring of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction with technology of Internet of things, form the platform applied in many ways.Meanwhile Fault alarm, remote supervisory with fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction, serve the prison of connection with thing, everywhere, at any time of information Survey.The monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on technology of Internet of things, available for wisdom fire-fighting, it is advantageous to carry comprehensively Rise the extinguishing ability of fire fighting device.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model there is provided a kind of fire-fighting Smoke prevention based on Internet of Things and machinery is arranged The monitoring system of cigarette.The system have to fire-fighting Smoke prevention and the information gathering of mechanical smoke extraction system, automatic monitoring, information transfer, Information processing and the function of application.The system can mainly be set to the flow in fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction system, pressure etc. Meter parameter is monitored in real time, after the data message of perception is collected, is uploaded to platform and is handled, applied.
In order to solve the above technical problems, basic conception of the present utility model is:
A kind of monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things, by application layer, transport layer, sensing layer group Into sensing layer uploads to application layer by transport layer and carries out data information memory, analysis, processing and application;Sensing layer will sense The data message of device collection is uniformly delivered to wind system data frame, is then pooled to Internet of Things user information appliance;By Internet of Things The fire fighting device Internet of Things that the network transmission of data message of the information of user information appliance through transport layer uploads to application layer should Use platform.
Based on above-mentioned technical characteristic, Internet of Things user information appliance and wind system data frame are combined into one.
Based on above-mentioned technical characteristic, Internet of Things user information appliance has the essential information of station address, fire fighting device.
Based on above-mentioned technical characteristic, wind system data frame collection firefighting fan information monitoring cabinet, differential pressure pickup, air quantity hand Hold the data message that detection terminal is perceived.Also wind speed can be used to hold detection terminal, by the measure of wind speed, with area knot Close, form the result of air quantity.
Based on above-mentioned technical characteristic, differential pressure pickup is through controlling modular converter that data message is sent to wind system information Cabinet.
Based on above-mentioned technical characteristic, firefighting fan information monitoring cabinet gathers power supply, running status, the event of firefighting fan in real time Hinder information;Differential pressure pickup collection forced draft stair are inside and outside, forced draft common antechamber or the cup of fire-fighting cup and aisle, Close the air pressure difference inside and outside refuge story, before and after firefighting fan;Air quantity holds detection terminal movement detection forced draft cup wind Air quantity or wind speed, the air quantity or wind speed of mechanical smoke extraction system smoke evacuation import or export of mouth;Air quantity holds detection terminal with fixed The function that position, information upload.
The utility model in fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction system by setting sensor to gather pressure difference, air quantity(Wind Speed), the information such as position, the information that different system is gathered is sent to Internet of Things user profile after the classification of wind system data frame Device, upload to fire fighting device Internet of Things application platform through Internet and carry out long-range data analysis, processing, monitoring, and carry out Using.
In the prior art, the fire-fighting Smoke prevention being made up of application layer, transport layer, sensing layer and mechanical smoke extraction system.Sensing layer Application layer is uploaded to by transport layer and carries out data information memory, analysis, processing, application.Application layer is fire fighting device Internet of Things Application platform, transport layer are the network transmission of data message, and sensing layer is unified to be believed by Internet of Things user information appliance or wind system Cabinet is ceased to upload.Based on prior art, the Internet of Things user information appliance of this patent provides different fire-fightings by wind system data frame and prevented The data message that cigarette and the system of mechanical smoke extraction are gathered.The fire-fighting that Internet of Things user information appliance has station address is believed substantially Breath.In such scheme, when Internet of Things user information appliance only gathers the data message of wind system data frame, Internet of Things network users Massaging device and wind system data frame can be combined into one.
The setting that above firefighting fan information monitoring cabinet, differential pressure pickup, air quantity hold detection terminal sensor can root Situation about being applied according to fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction system Internet of Things carries out selective setting.
The transmission of Internet of Things user information appliance and wind system data frame to fire fighting device Internet of Things application platform can adopt With wired or wireless network transmission.
Also the data of collection can be compared for fire fighting device Internet of Things application platform, the working condition except judging system Outside problem, air quantity or wind speed, the pressure difference of different nodes can also be analyzed, show the automatic, manual of firefighting fan, failure letter Breath, and to that can not meet that the node sets value of system requirements is alarmed.
Its evaluation criteria refers to design standard.For fire-fighting fume-resisting system, the wind speed of its air outlet is not preferably greater than 7m/s. The total head of mechanism contact type sensor machine, in addition to least favorable endless tube road loss in head is calculated, should still there is overbottom pressure.Under its overbottom pressure value should meet Row require:Smoke proof staircase is 40Pa to 50Pa;Cup, closing refuge story between cup, common antechamber, Fire lift(Between)For 25Pa to 30Pa;Staircase preferably sets a pressure air blowing mouth every two to three layers, the pressure air blowing mouth of cup should every layer set one Monitoring point.For fire-fighting machinery smoke evacuation system, the wind speed of exhaust opening is not preferably greater than 10m/s.The position of mechanical smoke extraction facility is set, The air quantity of its smoke exhaust fan should be met the following requirements:Undertake a smoke bay smoke evacuation or head room not drawing more than 6.00m During the room of smoke bay, it should be calculated by every square metre of area not less than 60m3/h, separate unit blower fan minimum exhaust smoke level is no less than 7200m3/h;When undertaking the smoke evacuation of two or more smoke bays, it should be not less than by maximum every square metre of smoke bay area 120m3/h, which is calculated, to be determined.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:The monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on technology of Internet of things carries High detectability, the reliability of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction system operation, can be achieved to fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction system The real-time monitoring state of system, long-range monitoring, state evaluation, it is possible to achieve the Internet of Things access of fire fighting device.Based on Internet of Things skill The monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and the mechanical smoke extraction of art causes fire-fighting Smoke prevention and the operation of mechanical smoke extraction system, safeguarded with more certainly Dynamicization, intellectuality, Thingsization, meanwhile, be advantageous to fire-fighting Smoke prevention and the fire-fighting of mechanical smoke extraction system supervision.The data gathered are also Cloud processing, the development of boosting smart city can be uploaded to.
Brief description of the drawings
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples and using the utility model will be further described.
Fig. 1 is the basic combination assumption diagram of component of the present utility model.
Embodiment
In the situation for the principle for not destroying the pipeline of original fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction system, firefighting fan and system Under, a kind of monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things has monitoring fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction in real time The information gathering of pressure, air quantity or wind speed and firefighting fan, and the function of being applied with information transfer and Internet of Things.The system has Fire-fighting Smoke prevention and the display function of mechanical smoke extraction perception information, the perception state of real-time display firefighting fan.The system also has Automatically the function of testing, and the application function with upload information and fire fighting device Internet of Things.
One embodiment of the present utility model is, as shown in Figure 1:Disappeared by what application layer 3, transport layer 2, sensing layer 1 formed Smoke prevention and the monitoring system of mechanical smoke extraction, sensing layer 1 upload to the progress of application layer 3 data information memory by transport layer 2, divided Analysis, processing, application.The data message that sensor gathers uniformly is delivered to wind system information in sensing layer 1 of the present utility model Cabinet 7, then it is pooled to Internet of Things user information appliance 6;By data of the information of Internet of Things user information appliance 6 through transport layer 2 The network transmission 5 of information uploads to the fire fighting device Internet of Things application platform 4 of application layer 3.
The information that wind system data frame 7 gathers is changed from firefighting fan information monitoring cabinet 8, differential pressure pickup 9 through control Module 10, air quantity hold the data message that detection terminal 11 is perceived.Different fire-fighting smoke abatement facility systems and different fire-fightings The information taken that the wind system data frame 7 of mechanical smoke extraction system is gathered is to Internet of Things user information appliance 6.Internet of Things network users are believed Breath device 6 has station address, has both configured geography information, the essential information of fire fighting device.When Internet of Things user information appliance 6 only When only gathering the data message of wind system data frame 7, Internet of Things user information appliance 6 and wind system data frame 7 can close two and be One.The unified network transmission 5 through data message of Internet of Things user information appliance 6 uploads to application layer 3 and applied.Internet of Things is used The network transmission 5 for the data message that family massaging device 6 and wind system data frame 7 transmit to fire fighting device Internet of Things application platform 4 Wired or wireless network transmission can be used.
Firefighting fan information monitoring cabinet 8 gathers the power supply of firefighting fan, running status, fault message in real time.Pressure difference sensing Device 9 is gathered in inside and outside forced draft stair, forced draft common antechamber or the cup of fire-fighting cup and aisle, closing refuge story Outside, the air pressure difference before and after firefighting fan;When differential pressure pickup 9 carries processing function, it can also be passed without control modular converter 10 It is delivered to wind system data frame 7.Air quantity holds the air quantity or wind speed, machinery in the movement detection forced draft cup of detection terminal 11 air port The air quantity or wind speed of smoke evacuation system smoke evacuation import or export;Air quantity holds the function that detection terminal 11 uploads with positioning, information.
Fire fighting device Internet of Things application platform 4 realizes that remote computer, tablet personal computer, mobile phone enter by cloud computing technology Row monitoring in real time, its data can access urban fire control data center, build fire-fighting Smoke prevention and the monitoring of mechanical smoke extraction system Network, smart city, Internet of Things are embodied to fire-fighting Smoke prevention and the full monitoring of mechanical smoke extraction system and the full intellectuality of executing agency.
The scheme provided above the utility model embodiment is discussed in detail, for those of ordinary skill in the art, According to the thought of the utility model embodiment, in specific embodiments and applications there will be changes.To sum up, this theory Bright book content should not be construed as all existing to limitation of the present utility model, all any changes made according to the utility model design philosophy Within the scope of protection of the utility model.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things, by application layer(3), transport layer(2), perceive Layer(1)Composition, the sensing layer(1)Pass through the transport layer(2)Upload to the application layer(3)Progress data information memory, Analysis, processing and application;It is characterized in that:The sensing layer(1)The data message that sensor gathers uniformly is delivered to wind system System data frame(7), then it is pooled to Internet of Things user information appliance(6);By the Internet of Things user information appliance(6)Information Through the transport layer(2)Data message network transmission(5)Upload to the application layer(3)Fire fighting device Internet of Things application Platform(4).
  2. 2. the monitoring system of a kind of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things according to claim 1, its feature It is:The Internet of Things user information appliance(6)With the wind system data frame(7)It is combined into one.
  3. 3. the monitoring system of a kind of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things according to claim 1 or 2, it is special Sign is:The Internet of Things user information appliance(6)Essential information with station address, fire fighting device.
  4. 4. the monitoring system of a kind of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things according to claim 1 or 2, it is special Sign is:The wind system data frame(7)Gather firefighting fan information monitoring cabinet(8), differential pressure pickup(9), the hand-held inspection of air quantity Survey terminal(11)The data message perceived.
  5. 5. the monitoring system of a kind of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things according to claim 4, the pressure Gap sensor(9)Through controlling modular converter(10)Data message is sent to the wind system data frame(7).
  6. 6. the monitoring system of a kind of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things according to claim 4, its feature It is:The firefighting fan information monitoring cabinet(8)The power supply of collection firefighting fan, running status, fault message in real time.
  7. 7. the monitoring system of a kind of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things according to claim 4, its feature It is:The differential pressure pickup(9)Gather the cup of inside and outside forced draft stair, forced draft common antechamber or fire-fighting cup with Aisle, closing refuge story are inside and outside, the air pressure difference before and after firefighting fan.
  8. 8. the monitoring system of a kind of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things according to claim 4, its feature It is:The air quantity holds detection terminal(11)The air quantity in mobile detection forced draft cup air port or wind speed, mechanical smoke extraction system The air quantity or wind speed of system smoke evacuation import or export;The air quantity holds detection terminal(11)The function of being uploaded with positioning, information.
CN201720620005.3U 2017-05-31 2017-05-31 A kind of monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things Active CN206865505U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107071061A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-08-18 华东建筑设计研究院有限公司 A kind of monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things
CN109669344A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-04-23 广州市泰昌实业有限公司 A kind of super high-rise building long distance high efficiency smoke-exhaust fire monitoring method and management system for internet of things

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107071061A (en) * 2017-05-31 2017-08-18 华东建筑设计研究院有限公司 A kind of monitoring system of fire-fighting Smoke prevention and mechanical smoke extraction based on Internet of Things
CN109669344A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-04-23 广州市泰昌实业有限公司 A kind of super high-rise building long distance high efficiency smoke-exhaust fire monitoring method and management system for internet of things

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