CN206838330U - A kind of continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator - Google Patents

A kind of continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206838330U
CN206838330U CN201720644841.5U CN201720644841U CN206838330U CN 206838330 U CN206838330 U CN 206838330U CN 201720644841 U CN201720644841 U CN 201720644841U CN 206838330 U CN206838330 U CN 206838330U
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China
Prior art keywords
cone cylinder
sorting
discharging
discharging cone
ore
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CN201720644841.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
叶献华
胡骏
章国权
伍红强
杨任新
吴霞
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Huawei National Engineering Research Center of High Efficient Cyclic and Utilization of Metallic Mineral Resources Co Ltd
Sinosteel Maanshan General Institute of Mining Research Co Ltd
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Huawei National Engineering Research Center of High Efficient Cyclic and Utilization of Metallic Mineral Resources Co Ltd
Sinosteel Maanshan General Institute of Mining Research Co Ltd
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Application filed by Huawei National Engineering Research Center of High Efficient Cyclic and Utilization of Metallic Mineral Resources Co Ltd, Sinosteel Maanshan General Institute of Mining Research Co Ltd filed Critical Huawei National Engineering Research Center of High Efficient Cyclic and Utilization of Metallic Mineral Resources Co Ltd
Priority to CN201720644841.5U priority Critical patent/CN206838330U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator, and composition is combined by charging gear, sorting discharging cone cylinder (2), water jacket (20), main shaft (3), motor (4), support (21), automatic control system (5), water supply installation (6), concentrate hopper (7), tail-box (8), frame (9), belt pulley (22), outer cylinder body (19), device for discharging;Swivel joint (23) is housed in the lower end of main shaft (3);Described sorting discharging cone cylinder (2) is to be interlocked to be superimposed the round-like structure for forming upper big, lower small by cylinder piece and circular ring plate, is groove at the inwall of each round-like structure;Described device for discharging includes being welded on the inverted trapezoidal blade of mineral-feeding pipe (10) end, 25 wedge scrapers, flat pallet, concentrate ore discharge pipe, shutdown ore discharge pipe.The advantages of the utility model has automatic discharging function, can worked continuously, and production capacity is big, power consumption is small, the continuous ore discharge of vertical centrifugal ore selector can be achieved.

Description

A kind of continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator
Technical field
The utility model belongs to a kind of gravity beneficiation equipment, and in particular to a kind of vertical centrifugal ore selector, water is replaced with it Shell type automatic centrifugation ore separators, the continuous ore discharge of vertical centrifugal ore selector can be achieved.
Background technology
Vertical centrifugal ore selector is the general designation of rotary shaft right angle setting centrifugal ore separator, and operation principle is the driving in motor Under, cone cylinder is rotated by pulley drive, drives the ore pulp in cone cylinder to rotate at a high speed, in the process, based on different densities The difference of centrifugal force suffered by particle, different densities particle realize separation under centrifugal sedimentation and stream film turbulent diffusion.
Vertical centrifugal ore selector, including external Knelson (Nelson) centrifugal ore separators and Falcon (Fa Erkang) from Heart ore separators and domestic Water sleeve centrifugal ore sorting, for the enrichment of the mineral such as chromite, ilmenite, Iron Oxide Minerals, tool There is ratio of concentration height, treating capacity is big, floor space is small, assorting room is fast and effective, device structure is simple, production cost is low, to ring The advantages that border close friend.And do not limited by grain graininess, greatly reduce the granularity lower limit of recyclable mineral so that submicron-sized particulate Gravity separation be possibly realized, in addition, it is not necessary that medicament add, because the discharge of mine tailing and the purification of waste are simplified, not only Production cost is reduced, and reduces Environmental costs.Vertical centrifugal ore selector is increasingly by the weight of ore dressing researcher Depending on.
But it is architectural limitation to be applied to industrial most of vertical centrifugal ore selectors at present, can only be interrupted discharge essence Ore deposit, it is impossible to work continuously, therefore be basically applied to the noble metals such as the few gold, silver of concentrate quantum of output, platinum family and tungsten, tin, lead, zinc Deng the ore-dressing practice of non-ferrous metal.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is aiming above shortcomings in the prior art, there is provided one kind has automatic discharging Function, it can work continuously, and the continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator that production capacity is big, power consumption is small.
To realize above-mentioned purpose of the present utility model, a kind of continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator of the utility model is using following Technical scheme:
A kind of continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator of the utility model, by charging gear, sorting discharging cone cylinder, water jacket, main shaft, Motor, support, automatic control system, water supply installation, concentrate hopper, tail-box, frame, belt pulley, outer cylinder body, cover plate, discharging dress Put combination to form, described charging gear contains mineral-feeding pipe, and tail-box communicates with sorting the overfall of discharging cone cylinder, sorts discharging Cone cylinder is connected with main shaft, and a pair of bearings and bearing block are cased with main shaft, and bearing block is fixed in frame by flange;Water jacket In outer cylinder body and it is enclosed on around sorting discharging cone cylinder;Motor drives main shaft and sorting discharging cone cylinder together by belt pulley Rotation;The top of mineral-feeding pipe is passed through and is welded on the centre bore of cover plate, and plate cover is covered on outer cylinder body, and the lower mouth of mineral-feeding pipe is Tapered closing in;It is characterized in:
Swivel joint is housed in the lower end of main shaft, water supply installation contains two branch pipes, and one of branch pipe is from cover plate top In insertion sorting discharging cone cylinder, another branch pipe is then connected from bottom by swivel joint with main shaft, and passes through the hollow of main shaft Part is reached in water jacket;
Described sorting discharging cone cylinder is to be interlocked to be superimposed the round table-like knot for forming upper big, lower small by cylinder piece and circular ring plate Structure, it is groove at the inwall of each round-like structure;
Described device for discharging includes:Be welded on the inverted trapezoidal blade of mineral-feeding pipe end, 2-5 wedge scraper, flat pallet, Concentrate ore discharge pipe, shut down ore discharge pipe;2-5 wedge scraper is stratified and set near the groove in sorting discharging cone cylinder, and is passed through Cross hanger is lifted on mineral-feeding pipe;Flat pallet is located in sorting discharging cone cylinder, and relative with the tapered closing in of mouth under mineral-feeding pipe; The lower end of concentrate ore discharge pipe connects with concentrate hopper, concentrate ore discharge pipe top be each passed through water jacket, sorting discharging cone cylinder after with sorting Groove at discharging cone cylinder inwall communicates;Shut down ore discharge pipe and be connected with sorting the bottom of discharging cone cylinder.
Multiple apertures, aperture direction and the radial direction of sorting discharging cone cylinder are distributed in the cone cylinder wall higher slice of sorting discharging cone cylinder Angle of intersection 16-24 degree, when sorting discharging cone cylinder does not rotate, particle can also form the back-flushing effect of rotation in ore pulp Fruit, be advantageous to centrifugal classification.
To prevent rotary body vibration aggravation, cushion blocking is mounted between frame and support, rotates sorting discharging to absorb Vibrated caused by cone cylinder rotation.
It is excellent that described wedge scraper number, which is 3-4, the direction of aperture and sorting on the cone cylinder wall of sorting discharging cone cylinder The radial angle of discharging cone cylinder intersects 18-22 degree and is advisable, and a diameter of 0.9-1.2 millimeters of described aperture are preferred.
Height h=30~45mm of described groove.
Circumferencial direction of the described multiple apertures along sorting discharging cone cylinder is uniformly distributed, the spacing arc length between adjacent apertures 15~30mm.
A kind of continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator of the utility model, after ore pulp feeds flat pallet by mineral-feeding pipe, ore pulp exists Sorting discharge cone medial wall of the tube is thrown toward in the presence of centrifugal force, groove is crossed and gradually moves upwards.Pressure flushing water in water jacket It is injected into through aperture in sorting discharging cone cylinder, under the collective effect of centrifugal force and recoil waterpower, thin weight particle is easy to sink to groove In ditch, imported through concentrate ore discharge pipe in concentrate hopper;And gangue and light mineral particle, it is smaller by centrifugal force, in buoyancy and ascending water Flow under impulse force, constantly taken away by back-flushing, overflowed and arranged to tail-box from sorting discharging cone cylinder top overfall, turn into mine tailing, from And realize mineral and sorted by grain density.
A kind of continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator of the utility model is after adopting the above technical scheme, with following actively effect Fruit:With uniform loose mineral deposit, have the effect of automatic ore discharge and scraper plate forced-ventilated concurrently, realize work continuously it is adjustable with concentrate yield It is whole, break through centrifugal ore separator interval ore discharge defect, and it is simple in construction, manufacturing cost is low, take up an area less, stable and reliable operation, section Water, power consumption are small, and production capacity greatly improves.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is that a kind of cuing open for continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator of the utility model shows structure diagram;
Fig. 2 cuts open for the device for discharging that the utility model uses shows structure diagram
Fig. 3 is the sorting discharging cone cylinder and the stereochemical structure sketch of ore discharge pipe bound fraction that the utility model uses;
Fig. 4 is the aperture schematic diagram on the sorting discharging cone cylinder barrel that the utility model uses.
Reference is:1- cross hangers;2- sorts discharging cone cylinder;3- main shafts;4- motors;5- automatic control systems;6- Water supply installation;7- concentrate hoppers;8- tail-boxs;9- frames;10- mineral-feeding pipes;11- inverted trapezoidal blades;12- wedge scrapers;13- is covered Plate;14- concentrate ore discharge pipes;15- flat pallets;16- pinch valves;17- shuts down ore discharge pipe;18- grooves;19- outer cylinder bodies;20- water jackets; 21- supports;22- belt pulleys;23- swivel joints;24- cushion blockings.
Embodiment
Preferably to describe the utility model, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to a kind of continuous vertical centrifugal separation of the utility model Machine is described in further detail.
The cuing open of a kind of continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator of the utility model as shown in Figure 1 show structure diagram and combine Fig. 2, Fig. 3 finds out, a kind of continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator of the utility model, by charging gear, sorts discharging cone cylinder 2, water jacket 20, master Axle 3, motor 4, support 21, automatic control system 5, water supply installation 6, concentrate hopper 7, tail-box 8, frame 9, belt pulley 22, outer barrel Body 19 and cover plate 13, device for discharging combination are formed.Described sorting discharging cone cylinder 2 is staggeredly to be superimposed structure by cylinder piece and circular ring plate It is groove 18 into the round-like structure of upper big, lower small, at the inwall of each round-like structure, the height h=30 of groove 18~ 45mm;Described charging gear contains mineral-feeding pipe 10, and tail-box 8 communicates with sorting the overfall of discharging cone cylinder 2, sorts discharge cone Cylinder 2 is connected with main shaft 3, and a pair of bearings and bearing block are cased with main shaft 3, and bearing block is fixed in frame 9 by flange, Cushion blocking 24 is mounted between frame 9 and support 21;Water jacket 20 is located in outer cylinder body 19 and is enclosed on the week of sorting discharging cone cylinder 2 Enclose;Motor 4 drives main shaft 3 and sorting discharging cone cylinder 2 to rotate together by belt pulley 22;The top of mineral-feeding pipe 10 passes through and welded On the centre bore of cover plate 13, the cover of cover plate 13 is covered on outer cylinder body 19, and the lower mouth of mineral-feeding pipe 10 is tapered closing in;In main shaft 3 Lower end is equipped with swivel joint 23, and water supply installation 6 contains two branch pipes, and one of branch pipe inserts sorting discharging from the top of cover plate 13 In cone cylinder 2, another branch pipe is then connected from bottom by swivel joint 23 with main shaft 3, and is reached by the hollow space of main shaft 3 In water jacket 20.
Described device for discharging includes:It is welded on 11,3 wedge scrapers 12 of inverted trapezoidal blade of the end of mineral-feeding pipe 10, puts down Pallet 15, concentrate ore discharge pipe 14, shut down ore discharge pipe 17;Concentrate ore discharge pipe 14 is in charge of using 2, and folder is provided with concentrate ore discharge pipe 14 Pipe valve 16;3 wedge scrapers 12 are stratified and set near the groove in sorting discharging cone cylinder 2, and are lifted on by cross hanger 1 On mineral-feeding pipe 10, wedge scraper 12 can be adjusted up and down;The ore pulp that inverted trapezoidal blade 11 can be forced into sorting area is sorting Discharging cone cylinder 2 presses radial and axial layered-rotation under driving, and ore pulp is moved back and forth in sorting discharging cone cylinder 2, reaches weight The effect of separation.Discharging cone cylinder 2 is sorted in rotary course, ore pulp performs relative motion with the sorting inwall of discharging cone cylinder 2, with recoil Water interacts, and prevents mineral deposition in groove 18.Flat pallet 15 in sorting discharging cone cylinder 2, and with mineral-feeding pipe 10 The tapered closing in of mouth is relative;The lower end of concentrate ore discharge pipe 14 connects with concentrate hopper 7, and the top of concentrate ore discharge pipe 14 is each passed through water jacket 20th, sort discharging cone cylinder 2 and communicated with the groove 18 at the sorting inwall of discharging cone cylinder 2;Shut down ore discharge pipe 17 and sorting discharge cone The bottom of cylinder 2 is connected.
The sorting discharging cone cylinder used for the utility model as shown in Figure 3 and the stereochemical structure letter of ore discharge pipe bound fraction Scheme and combine Fig. 4 to find out, be distributed multiple apertures in the cone cylinder wall higher slice of sorting discharging cone cylinder 2, a diameter of the 1 of described aperture Millimeter, circumferencial direction of multiple apertures along sorting discharging cone cylinder 2 are uniformly distributed, and the spacing arc length 15 between adjacent apertures~ 30mm, aperture direction intersect 20 degree with sorting the radial angle of discharging cone cylinder 2.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator, by charging gear, sorting discharging cone cylinder (2), water jacket (20), main shaft (3), electricity Machine (4), support (21), automatic control system (5), water supply installation (6), concentrate hopper (7), tail-box (8), frame (9), belt pulley (22), outer cylinder body (19), device for discharging combination are formed, and described charging gear contains mineral-feeding pipe (10), tail-box (8) and sorting The overfall of discharging cone cylinder (2) communicates, and sorting discharging cone cylinder (2) is connected with main shaft (3), and main shaft is cased with a pair of axles on (3) Hold and bearing block, bearing block are fixed in frame (9) by flange;Water jacket (20), which is located in outer cylinder body (19) and is enclosed on sorting, to be unloaded Expect around cone cylinder (2);Motor (4) drives main shaft (3) and sorting discharging cone cylinder (2) to rotate together by belt pulley (22);Give The top of pipe (10) is passed through and is welded on the centre bore of cover plate (13), and cover plate (13) cover is covered on outer cylinder body (19), to ore deposit The lower mouth for managing (10) is tapered closing in;It is characterized in that:
    Swivel joint (23) is housed in the lower end of main shaft (3), water supply installation (6) contains two branch pipes, and one of branch pipe is from lid In plate (13) top insertion sorting discharging cone cylinder (2), another branch pipe then connects from bottom by swivel joint (23) and main shaft (3) Connect, and reached by the hollow space of main shaft (3) in water jacket (20);
    Described sorting discharging cone cylinder (2) is to be interlocked to be superimposed the round-like structure for forming upper big, lower small by cylinder piece and circular ring plate, It is groove (18) at the inwall of each round-like structure;
    Described device for discharging includes:It is welded on the inverted trapezoidal blade (11), 2-5 wedge scraper of mineral-feeding pipe (10) end (12), flat pallet (15), concentrate ore discharge pipe (14), shutdown ore discharge pipe (17);2-5 wedge scraper (12) is stratified and set on sorting Near groove in discharging cone cylinder (2), and it is lifted on by cross hanger (1) on mineral-feeding pipe (10);Flat pallet (15), which is located at, to be divided Select in discharging cone cylinder (2), and it is relative with the tapered closing in of mouth under mineral-feeding pipe (10);The lower end of concentrate ore discharge pipe (14) and concentrate hopper (7) connect, concentrate ore discharge pipe (14) top is each passed through water jacket (20), sorts discharging cone cylinder (2) and with sorting discharging cone cylinder (2) Groove (18) at inwall communicates;Shut down ore discharge pipe (17) and the bottom of sorting discharging cone cylinder (2) is connected.
  2. A kind of 2. continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:In sorting discharging cone cylinder (2) Cone cylinder wall higher slice be distributed multiple apertures, 16-24 degree is intersected in aperture direction with sorting the radial angle of discharging cone cylinder (2).
  3. A kind of 3. continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:In frame (9) and support (21) cushion blocking (24) is mounted between.
  4. A kind of 4. continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:Described wedge scraper (12) Number is 3-4, the direction of aperture and the radial angle phase of sorting discharging cone cylinder (2) on the cone cylinder wall of sorting discharging cone cylinder (2) Hand over 18-22 degree, a diameter of 0.9-1.2 millimeters of described aperture.
  5. A kind of 5. continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The height of described groove (18) Spend h=30~45mm.
  6. A kind of 6. continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:Multiple described apertures edges point The circumferencial direction of discharging cone cylinder (2) is selected to be uniformly distributed, 15~30mm of spacing arc length between adjacent apertures.
CN201720644841.5U 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator Active CN206838330U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720644841.5U CN206838330U (en) 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720644841.5U CN206838330U (en) 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of continuous vertical centrifugal ore separator

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110201804A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-09-06 夏士桀 A kind of centrifugal ore separator of the high reliablity of the anti-blockage function for ore dressing
CN110736307A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-01-31 六安正辉优产机电科技有限公司 Multi-stage drying method for water-separated concentrates

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110201804A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-09-06 夏士桀 A kind of centrifugal ore separator of the high reliablity of the anti-blockage function for ore dressing
CN110736307A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-01-31 六安正辉优产机电科技有限公司 Multi-stage drying method for water-separated concentrates

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Address after: 243000 Xitang Road, Ma'anshan Economic Development Zone, Anhui, No. 666

Co-patentee after: HUAWEI METAL MINERAL RESOURCE EFFICIENT RECYCLING UTILIZATION NATIONAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER Co.,Ltd.

Patentee after: MAANSHAN Mine Research Institute Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 243000 Xitang Road, Ma'anshan Economic Development Zone, Anhui, No. 666

Co-patentee before: HUAWEI METAL MINERAL RESOURCE EFFICIENT RECYCLING UTILIZATION NATIONAL ENGINEERING RESEARCH CENTER Co.,Ltd.

Patentee before: SINOSTEEL MAANSHAN INSTITUTE OF MINING RESEARCH Co.,Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder